Physics - Other Publications (50)


Physics - Other Publications

Artificial defects embedded in periodic structures are important foundation for creating localized states with vast range of applications in condensed matter physics, photonics and acoustics. In photonics, localized states are extensively used to confine and manipulate photons. Up to now, all the proposed localized states are reciprocal and restricted by time reversal symmetry. Read More

We introduce an effective point-particle action for generic particles living in a zero-temperature superfluid. This action describes the motion of the particles in the medium at equilibrium as well as their couplings to sound waves and generic fluid flows. While we place the emphasis on elementary excitations such as phonons and rotons, our formalism applies also to macroscopic objects such as vortex rings and rigid bodies interacting with long-wavelength fluid modes. Read More

By the Magnus-Floquet approach we calculate the effective Hamiltonian for a charged particle on the lattice subject to a homogeneous high frequency oscillating electric field. The obtained result indicate the absence of dynamic localization of the particle for any value of the lattice constant and electric field applied, which completes the limit results obtained by Dunlap and Kenkre. Read More

Fish, birds, insects and robots frequently swim or fly in groups. During their 3 dimensional collective motion, these agents do not stop, they avoid collisions by strong short-range repulsion, and achieve group cohesion by weak long-range attraction. In a minimal model that is isotropic, and continuous in both space and time, we demonstrate that (i) adjusting speed to a preferred value, combined with (ii) radial repulsion and an (iii) effective long-range attraction are sufficient for the stable ordering of autonomously moving agents in space. Read More

We consider two chains, each made of $N$ independent oscillators, immersed in a common thermal bath and study the dynamics of their mutual quantum correlations in the thermodynamic, large-$N$ limit. We show that dissipation and noise due to the presence of the external environment are able to generate collective quantum correlations between the two chains at the mesoscopic level. The created collective quantum entanglement between the two many-body systems turns out to be rather robust, surviving for asymptotically long times even for non vanishing bath temperatures. Read More

We develop a systematic study of Jahn-Teller (JT) models with continuous symmetries by exploring their algebraic properties. The compact symmetric spaces corresponding to JT models carrying a Lie group symmetry are identified, and their invariance properties applied to reduce their multi-branched adiabatic potential energy surface into an orbit space. Each orbit consists of a set of JT distorted molecular structures with equal adiabatic electronic spectrum. Read More

The measured low frequency vibrational energies of some quantum dots (QDs) deviate from the predictions of traditional elastic continuum models. Recent experiments have revealed that these deviations can be tuned by changing the ligands that passivate the QD surface. This observation has led to speculation that these deviations are due to a mass-loading effect of the surface ligands. Read More

Local configurational symmetry in lattice structures may give rise to stationary, compact solutions, even in the absence of disorder and nonlinearity. These compact solutions are related to the existence of flat dispersion curves (bands). Nonlinearity can destabilize such compactons. Read More

We report measurements of the nonresonant x-ray emission spectroscopy (XES) from Ni metal in an energy range spanning the K_beta, valence-to-core, and double-ionization (DI) satellites that appear beyond the single-particle Fermi level. We make special use of a laboratory-based x-ray spectrometer capable of both x-ray emission and x-ray absorption measurements to accurately align the XES and x-ray absorption spectra to a common energy scale. The careful alignment of energy scales is requisite for correction of the strong sample absorption of DI fluorescence above the Ni K-edge energy. Read More

Results are reported for the $f$-electron intermetallic CeAuAl$_4$Ge$_2$, where the atomic arrangement of the cerium ions creates the conditions for geometric frustration. Despite this, magnetic susceptibility measurements reveal that the low temperature magnetic exchange interaction is weak, resulting in marginally frustrated behavior and ordering near $T_{\rm{M}}$ $\approx$ 1.4 K. Read More

The concept of a roton, a special kind of elementary excitation, forming a minimum of energy at finite momentum, has been essential to understand the properties of superfluid $^4$He. In quantum liquids, rotons arise from strong interparticle interactions, whose microscopic description remains debated. In the realm of highly-controllable quantum gases, a roton mode has been predicted to emerge due to dipolar interparticle interactions despite of their weakly-interacting character. Read More

Efficient communication between qubits relies on robust networks which allow for fast and coherent transfer of quantum information. It seems natural to harvest the remarkable properties of systems characterized by topological invariants to perform this task. Here we show that a linear network of coupled bosonic degrees of freedom, characterized by topological bands, can be employed for the efficient exchange of quantum information over large distances. Read More

The topological nature of magnetic-vortex state gives rise to peculiar magnetization reversal observed in magnetic microdisks. Interestingly, magnetostatic and exchange energies which drive this reversal can be effectively controlled in artificial ferrimagnet heterostructures composed of rare-earth and transition metals. 25x[Py(t)/Gd(t)] (t=1 or 2 nm) superlattices demonstrate a pronounced change of the magnetization and exchange stiffness in a 10-300 K temperature range as well as very small magnetic anisotropy. Read More

We present a general approach for the solution of the three-body problem for a general interaction, and apply it to the case of the Coulomb interaction. This approach is exact, simple and fast. It makes use of integral equations derived from the consideration of the scattering properties of the system. Read More

We investigate a highly-nonlocal generalization of the Lindhard function, given by the jellium-with-gap model. We find a band-gap-dependent gradient expansion of the kinetic energy, which performs noticeably well for large atoms. Using the static linear response theory and the simplest semilocal model for the local band gap, we derive a non-empirical generalized gradient approximation (GGA) of the kinetic energy. Read More

We address the problem of a front propagation in chains with a bi-stable nondegenerate on-site potential and a nonlinear gradient coupling. For a generic nonlinear coupling, one encounters a special regime of transitions, characterized by extremely narrow fronts, far supersonic velocities of propagation and long waves in the oscillatory tail. This regime can be qualitatively associated with a shock wave. Read More

Metallic hydrogen is expected to exhibit remarkable physics. Examples include high-temperature superconductivity and possible novel types of quantum fluids. These could have revolutionary practical applications. Read More

Characteristic features of tunneling times for dissipative tunneling of a particle through a rectangular barrier are studied within a semiclassical model involving dissipation in the form of a velocity dependent frictional force. The average dwell time and traversal time with dissipation are found to be less than those without dissipation. This counter-intuitive behaviour is reversed if one evaluates the physically relevant transmission dwell time. Read More

The application of high pressure can fundamentally modify the crystalline and electronic structures of elements as well as their chemical reactivity, which could lead to the formation of novel materials. Here, we explore the reactivity of lithium with sodium under high pressure, using a swarm structure searching techniques combined with first-principles calculations, which identify a thermodynamically stable LiNa compound adopting an orthorhombic oP8 phase at pressure above 355 GPa. The formation of LiNa may be a consequence of strong concentration of electrons transfer from the lithium and the sodium atoms into the interstitial sites, which also leads to opening a relatively wide band gap for LiNa-op8. Read More

Hydrogen-rich compounds are important for understanding the dissociation of dense molecular hydrogen, as well as searching for room temperature Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer (BCS) superconductors. A recent high pressure experiment reported the successful synthesis of novel insulating lithium polyhydrides when above 130 GPa. However, the results are in sharp contrast to previous theoretical prediction by PBE functional that around this pressure range all lithium polyhydrides (LiHn (n = 2-8)) should be metallic. Read More

The standard Laughlin argument shows that inserting a magnetic flux into a two-dimensional Hamiltonian leads to a spectral flow through a given gap which is equal to the Chern number of the associated Fermi projection. For higher even dimension, the insertion of a non-abelian Wu-Young monopole is shown to lead to a spectral flow which is again equal to the strong invariant given by a higher even Chern number. For odd dimensions, an associated chirality flow allows to calculate the strong invariant. Read More

Simulation of a sonic black-hole/white-hole pair in a (2+1)-dimensional Bose-Einstein condensate shows formation of superfluid vortices through dynamical instabilities seeded by initial quantum noise. The instabilities saturate in a quasi-steady state of superfluid turbulence within the supersonic region, from which sound waves are emitted in qualitative resemblance to Hawking radiance. The power spectrum of the radiation from the slowly decaying two-dimensional sonic black hole is strongly non-thermal, however. Read More

In this work we study a system of interacting fermions with large spin and SP(N) symmetry. We contrast their behaviour with the case of SU(N) symmetry by analysing the conserved quantities and the dynamics in each case. We also develop the Fermi liquid theory for fermions with SP(N) symmetry. Read More


Optical logic down to the single photon level holds the promise of data processing with a better energy efficiency than electronic devices [1]. In addition, preservation of quantum coherence in such logical components could lead to optical quantum logical gates [2--4]. Optical logic requires optical non-linearities to enable photon-photon interactions. Read More

We propose a unified diffusion-mobility relation which quantifies both quantum and classical levels of understanding on electron dynamics in ordered and disordered materials. This attempt overcomes the inability of classical Einstein relation (diffusion-mobility ratio) to explain the quantum behaviors, conceptually well-settles the dimensional effect, phase transition and nonlinear behavior of electronic transport. Our proposed theory relies on the chemical potential which provides the coupling mechanism of charge-heat current, due to electron-phonon coupling. Read More

We propose a universal experiment to measure the differential Casimir force between a Au-coated sphere and two halves of a structured plate covered with a P-doped Si overlayer. The concentration of free charge carriers in the overlayer is chosen slightly below the critical one, f or which the phase transition from dielectric to metal occurs. One ha f of the structured plate is insulating, while its second half is made of gold. Read More

In spite of their intrinsic one-dimensional nature matrix product states have been systematically used to obtain remarkably accurate results for two-dimensional systems. Motivated by basic entropic arguments favoring projected entangled-pair states as the method of choice, we assess the relative performance of infinite matrix product states and infinite projected entangled-pair states on cylindrical geometries. By considering the Heisenberg and half-filled Hubbard models on the square lattice as our benchmark cases, we evaluate their variational energies as a function of both bond dimension as well as cylinder width. Read More

We present a model to study effects from an external magnetic field, chemical potential, and finite size, on the phase structure of a massive four- and six-fermion interacting system. These effects are introduced by a method of compactification of coordinates, a generalization of the standard Matsubara prescription. Through the compactification of the $z$ coordinate and of imaginary time, we describe a heated system with the shape of a film of thickness $L$, at temperature $\beta^{-1}$ undergoing first- or second-order phase transition. Read More

Using the Landau Ginzburg Devonshire theory and scalar approximation, we derived analytical expressions for the singular points (zeros, complex ranges) of the acoustic phonon mode (A mode) frequency in dependence on the wave vector k and examined the conditions of the soft A modes appearance in a ferroelectric depending on the magnitude of the flexoelectric coefficient f and temperature T. We predict that if the magnitude of the flexocoefficient f is equal to the temperature-dependent critical value fcr(T) at the temperature T=T_IC, the A mode frequency tends to zero at k=kr_0 and the spontaneous polarization becomes spatially modulated in a temperature range TRead More

An efficient first principles approach to calculate X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) and X-ray natural circular dichroism (XNCD) is developed and applied in the near edge region at the K-and L1-edges in solids. Computation of circular dichroism requires precise calculations of X-ray absorption spectra (XAS) for circularly polarized light. For the derivation of the XAS cross section, we used a relativistic description of the photon-electron interaction that results in an additional term in the cross-section that couples the electric dipole operator with an operator $\mathbf{\sigma}\cdot (\mathbf{\epsilon} \times \mathbf{r})$ that we name spin-position. Read More

Charged excitons, or X$^{\pm}$-trions, in monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides have binding energies of several tens of meV. Together with the neutral exciton X$^0$ they dominate the emission spectrum at low and elevated temperatures. We use charge tunable devices based on WSe$_2$ monolayers encapsulated in hexagonal boron nitride, to investigate the difference in binding energy between X$^+$ and X$^-$ and the X$^-$ fine structure. Read More

We report here low temperature magnetization isotherms for the single molecule magnet, $(UO_2-L)_3$. By analyzing the low temperature magnetization in terms of $M= X_1*B + X_3*B^3$ we extract the linear susceptibility $X_1$ and the leading order nonlinear susceptibility $X_3$. We find that $X_1$ exhibits a peak at a temperature of $T_1=10. Read More

Recently a large negative longitudinal (parallel to the magnetic field) magnetoresistance was observed in Weyl and Dirac semimetals. It is believed to be related to the chiral anomaly associated with topological electron band structure of these materials. We show that in a certain range of parameters such a phenomenon can also exist in conventional centrosymmetric and time reversal conductors, lacking topological protection of the electron spectrum and the chiral anomaly. Read More

The non-linear parameters of spin-torque oscillators based on a synthetic ferrimagnet free layer (two coupled layers) are computed. The analytical expressions are compared to macrospin simulations in the case of a synthetic ferrimagnet excited by a current spin-polarized by an external fixed layer. It is shown that, of the two linear modes, acoustic and optical, only one is excited at a time, and therefore the self-sustained oscillations are similar to the dynamics of a single layer. Read More

We propose a magnetic multilayer layout, in which the indirect exchange coupling (IEC also known as RKKY) can be switched on and off by a slight change in temperature. We demonstrate such on/off IEC switching in a Fe/Cr/FeCr-based system and obtain and obtain thermal switching widths as small as 10-20 K, essentially in any desired temperature range and, importantly, at or just above room temperature. These results add a new dimension of tunable thermal control to IEC in magnetic nanostructures, highly technological in terms of available materials and operating physical regimes. Read More

The current-driven domain wall motion in a ratchet memory due to spin-orbit torques is studied from both full micromagnetic simulations and the one dimensional model. Within the framework of this model, the integration of the anisotropy energy contribution leads to a new term in the well known q-$\Phi$ equations, being this contribution responsible for driving the domain wall to an equilibrium position. The comparison between the results drawn by the one dimensional model and full micromagnetic simulations proves the utility of such a model in order to predict the current-driven domain wall motion in the ratchet memory. Read More

The ability to prepare a physical system in a desired quantum state is central to many areas of physics such as nuclear magnetic resonance, cold atoms, and quantum computing. However, preparing a quantum state quickly and with high fidelity remains a formidable challenge. Here we tackle this problem by applying cutting edge Machine Learning (ML) techniques, including Reinforcement Learning, to find short, high-fidelity driving protocols from an initial to a target state in complex many-body quantum systems of interacting qubits. Read More

Recent work has identified distinct topological states of systems at the edge of mechanical stability, among them origami and kirigami (cut origami) sheets. The zero-energy modes of such a sheet are those which reorient the edges of the sheet without stretching them or tearing any of the faces, reminiscent of the zero modes that result from constrained spin dynamics in frustrated magnetic systems. We present an exact mapping from frustrated antiferromagnetic systems onto general origami sheets and a criterion for when this mapping holds. Read More

We explore theoretically the nonequilibrium photonic phases of an array of coupled cavities in presence of incoherent driving and dissipation. In particular, we consider a Hubbard model system where each site is a Kerr nonlinear resonator coupled to a two-level emitter, which is pumped incoherently. Within a Gutzwiller mean-field approach, we determine the steady-state phase diagram of such a system. Read More

Controlling and confining light by exciting plasmons in resonant metallic nanostructures is an essential aspect of many new emerging optical technologies. Here we explore the possibility of controllably reconfiguring the intrinsic optical properties of semi-continuous gold films, by inducing permanent morphological changes with a femtosecond (fs)-pulsed laser above a critical power. Optical transmission spectroscopy measurements show a correlation between the spectra of the morphologically modified films and the wavelength, polarization, and the intensity of the laser used for alteration. Read More

It is reported on growth of mm-sized single-crystals of the low-dimensional S = 1/2 spin compound Cu6(Ge,Si)6O18.6H2O by a diffusion technique in aqueous solution. A route to form Si-rich crystals down to possibly dioptase, the pure silicate, is discussed. Read More

We propose a continuum model to predict long-wavelength vibrational modes of empty and liquid-filled tubules that are very hard to reproduce using the conventional force-constant matrix approach based on atomistic ab initio calculation. We derive simple quantitative expressions for long-wavelength longitudinal and torsional acoustic modes, flexural acoustic modes, as well as the radial breathing mode of empty or liquid-filled tubular structures that are based on continuum elasticity theory expressions for a thin elastic plate. We furthermore show that longitudinal and flexural acoustic modes of tubules are well described by those of an elastic beam resembling a nanowire. Read More

A general relation is derived between the linear and second-order nonlinear ac conductivities of an electron system at frequencies below the interparticle scattering rate. In this hydrodynamic regime the temperature dependence and the tensorial structure of the nonlinear conductivity are shown to be different from their counterparts in the more familiar kinetic regime of higher frequencies. The obtained formulas are valid for systems with an arbitrary Dirac-like dispersion, either massive or massless, and subsume known results for free-space plasmas and solid-state electron gases. Read More

We study the superradiant evolution of a set of $N$ two-level systems spontaneously radiating under the effect of phase-breaking mechanisms. We investigate the dynamics generated by non-radiative losses and pure dephasing, and their interplay with spontaneous emission. Our results show that in the parameter region relevant to many solid-state cavity quantum electrodynamics experiments, even with a dephasing rate much faster than the radiative lifetime of a single two-level system, a sub-optimal collective superfluorescent burst is still observable. Read More

Type-I cathrate compounds with off-center guest ions realize the phonon-glass electron-crystal concept by exhibiting almost identical lattice thermal conductivities $\kappa_{\rm L}$ to those observed in network-forming glasses. This is in contrast with type-I clathrates with on-center guest ions showing $\kappa_{\rm L}$ of conventional crystallines. Glasslike $\kappa_{\rm L}$ stems from the peculiar THz frequency dynamics in off-center type-I clathrates where there exist three kinds of modes classified into extended(EX), weakly(WL) and strongly localized(SL) modes as demonstrated by Liu et. Read More

Topological nodal-line semimetals are characterized by one-dimensional lines of band crossing in the Brillouin zone. In contrast to nodal points, nodal lines can be in topologically nontrivial configurations. In this paper, we study the simplest topologically nontrivial forms of nodal line, namely, a single nodal line taking the shape of a knot in the Brillouin zone. Read More

Quasicrystalline materials exhibit aperiodic long range order and forbidden rotational symmetries, but show sharp diffraction spots. Although quasicrystals were discovered more than 30 years ago, elemental quasicrystals have remained elusive so far. Here, we demonstrate unique characteristics of an elemental Sn layer: it adopts a buckled five-fold quasiperiodic (QP) structure that is different from the icosahedral ($i$)-Al-Pd-Mn substrate. Read More

We report a variation with temperature ($T$) of the effective interdimeric interaction $J^\prime$ in a copper dimeric compound. We study the exchange narrowing (EN) processes in the electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectra of antiferromagnetic (AFM) dimeric units (DUs) in the metal-organic compound Cu$_2$[TzTs]$_4$ [N-thiazol-2-yl-toluenesulfonamidate Cu$^\mathrm{II}$], containing exchange coupled pairs of Cu$^\mathrm{II}$ spins $\mathbf{S_\mathrm{A}}$ and $\mathbf{S_\mathrm{B}}$ ($S$ = 1/2), with intradimeric AFM exchange coupling $J_0$ = (-115$\pm$1) cm$^{-1}$ ($\mathcal{H}_\mathrm{ex} = -J_\mathrm{0} \mathbf{S_\mathrm{A}}\cdot \mathbf{S_\mathrm{B}}$). Changes with $T$ of the EPR line width of single crystals with field orientation were measured around a "magic angle" where the transitions intersect as well as the integrated signal intensity of the so-called "U-peak" of the powder spectrum. Read More

Atomic metallic hydrogen with a lattice with FDDD symmetry is shown to have a stable phase under hydrostatic compression in the range of pressure 350 - 500 GPa. Read More