# Physics - Other Publications (50)

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## Physics - Other Publications

In a recently published article [1], Ranga P. Dias & Isaac F. Silvera have reported the visual evidence of metallic hydrogen concomitantly with its characterization at a pressure of 495 GPa and low temperatures. Read More

We define a family of quantum invariants of closed oriented $3$-manifolds using spherical multi-fusion categories. The state sum nature of this invariant leads directly to $(2+1)$-dimensional topological quantum field theories ($\text{TQFT}$s), which generalize the Turaev-Viro-Barrett-Westbury ($\text{TVBW}$) $\text{TQFT}$s from spherical fusion categories. The invariant is given as a state sum over labeled triangulations, which is mostly parallel to, but richer than the $\text{TVBW}$ approach in that here the labels live not only on $1$-simplices but also on $0$-simplices. Read More

Recently it was suggested that stationary spin supercurrents (spin superfluidity) are possible in the magnon condensate observed in yttrium-iron-garnet (YIG) magnetic films under strong external pumping. Here we analyze this suggestion. From topology of the equilibrium order parameter in YIG one must not expect energetic barriers making spin supercurrents metastable. Read More

The particular type of four-kink multi-solitons (or quadrons) adiabatic dynamics of the sine-Gordon equation in a model with two identical point attracting impurities has been studied. This model can be used for describing magnetization localized waves in multilayer ferromagnet. The quadrons structure and properties has been numerically investigated. Read More

GaV$_4$S$_8$ is a multiferroic semiconductor hosting N{\'e}el-type magnetic skyrmions dressed with electric polarization. At T$_s$ = 42K, the compound undergoes a structural phase transition of weakly first-order, from a non-centrosymmetric cubic phase at high temperatures to a polar rhombohedral structure at low temperatures. Below T$_s$, ferroelectric domains are formed with the electric polarization pointing along any of the four $\left< 111 \right>$ axes. Read More

The Feynman amplitudes with the two-dimensional Wess-Zumino action functional have a geometric interpretation as bundle gerbe holonomy. We present details of the construction of a distinguished square root of such holonomy and of a related 3d-index and briefly recall the application of those to the building of topological invariants for time-reversal-symmetric two- and three-dimensional crystals, both static and periodically forced. Read More

In their recent work Dias and Silvera (Science 2017) claim to have observed the Wigner-Huntington transition of hydrogen to a metallic state (MH) at a pressure of 495 GPa at low temperatures. The evidence for this transition is based on a high electron carrier density deduced from a Drude free electron model fitted to the reflectivity of the sample. Based on our analysis of the reflectivity data we find no convincing evidence for metallic hydrogen in their published data. Read More

Drinkable water scarcity is becoming a critical issue in several regions of the world. In this context, sustainable desalination technologies are attracting increasing interest. While traditional desalination techniques, such as reverse osmosis, may be rather electricity intensive, thermally-driven separation processes (such as membrane distillation - MD) offer the opportunity of efficiently exploiting low-temperature heat. Read More

We report the results of micromagnetic simulations of domain wall (DW) nucleation and pinning/depinning processes in ferromagnetic planar structure consisting of nanowire (NW) with perpendicular anisotropy and special V-shaped nanoparticle (NP) with in-plane anisotropy located on top of NW. The magnetization reversal features of this system in an external magnetic field are investigated depending on the direction of particle magnetic moment. Possible variants of magnetic logic cells (LCs) based on such system are discussed. Read More

To understand emergent magnetic monopole dynamics in the spin ices Ho$_2$Ti$_2$O$_7$ and Dy$_2$Ti$_2$O$_7$, it is necessary to investigate the mechanisms by which spins flip in these materials. Presently there are thought to be two processes: quantum tunneling at low and intermediate temperatures and thermally activated at high temperatures. We identify possible couplings between crystal field and optical phonon excitations and construct a strictly constrained model of phonon-mediated spin flipping that quantitatively describes the high-temperature processes in both compounds, as measured by quasielastic neutron scattering. Read More

We report results of an investigation of the temperature dependence of the magnon and phonon frequencies in NiO. A combination of Brillouin - Mandelstam and Raman spectroscopies allowed us to elucidate the evolution of the phonon and magnon spectral signatures from the Brillouin zone center (GHz range) to the second-order peaks from the zone boundary (THz range). The temperature-dependent behavior of the magnon and phonon bands in the NiO spectrum indicates the presence of antiferromagnetic (AF) order fluctuation or a persistent AF state at temperatures above the Neel temperature (T=523 K). Read More

Inspired by the human brain, there is a strong effort to find alternative models of information processing capable of imitating the high energy efficiency of neuromorphic information processing. One possible realization of cognitive computing are reservoir computing networks. These networks are built out of non-linear resistive elements which are recursively connected. Read More

A general method of description of a spontaneously polarized isotropic dielectric is constructed. It is based on the Maxwell equations for a medium and on the statistical averaging of the sources of spontaneous polarization (dipoles or multipoles). We show that the sources of spontaneous polarization in the Maxwell equations should be considered as conditionally foreign charges. Read More

The electron transport layer (ETL) plays a fundamental role in perovskite solar cells. Recently, graphene-based ETLs have been proved to be good candidate for scalable fabrication processes and to achieve higher carrier injection with respect to most commonly used ETLs. In this work we experimentally study the effects of different graphene-based ETLs in sensitized MAPI solar cells. Read More

The development of semilocal models for the kinetic energy density (KED) is an important topic in density functional theory (DFT). This is especially true for subsystem DFT, where these models are necessary to construct the required non-additive embedding contributions. In particular, these models can also be efficiently employed to replace the exact KED in meta-Generalized Gradient Approximation (meta-GGA) exchange-correlation functionals allowing to extend the subsystem DFT applicability to the meta-GGA level of theory. Read More

We demonstrate the detection of coherent electron-nuclear spin oscillations related to the hyperfine interaction and revealed by the band-to-band photoluminescence (PL) in zero external magnetic field. On the base of a pump-probe PL experiment we measure, directly in the temporal domain, the hyperfine constant of an electron coupled to a gallium defect in GaAsN by tracing the dynamical behavior of the conduction electron spin-dependent recombination to the defect site. The hyperfine constants and the relative abundance of the nuclei isotopes involved can be determined without the need of electron spin resonance technique and in the absence of any magnetic field. Read More

An analytical solution to the problem of decreasing the energy losses $\Omega$ in diode current interrupters during recovery of the blocking ability by optimizing dopant distribution $N(x)$ over structure thickness has been obtained. It was found the distribution $N(x)$ close to optimal one that decreases $\Omega$ by 30-55% compared with standard interrupters with uniformly doped high-resistivity layers. Read More

Quantum interference lies at the heart of several surprising equilibrium and non-equilibrium phenomena in many-body Physics. Here we discuss two recently explored non-equilibrium scenarios where external periodic drive applied to closed (i.e. Read More

A model is developed describing the energy distribution of quasi-particles in a quasi-one dimensional, normal metal wire, where the transport is diffusive, connected between equilibrium reservoirs. When an ac bias is applied to the wire by means of the reservoirs, the statistics of the charge carriers is influence by the formed non-equilibrium. The proposed model is derived from Green function formalism. Read More

Zero-point energy is generally known to be unphysical. Casimir effect, however, is often presented as a counterexample, giving rise to a conceptual confusion. To resolve the confusion we study foundational aspects of Casimir effect at a qualitative level, but also at a quantitative level within a simple toy model with only 3 degrees of freedom. Read More

FeRh is a showcase for caloric materials genome, transforming upon heating from the type-2 antiferromagnet (AFM) to a ferromagnet (FM). FeRh AFM (but not FM) cubic B2 lattice is unstable at ambient pressure. We describe the stable orthorhombic AFM FeRh structure at low temperature T. Read More

We investigate a strongly correlated system of light and matter in two-dimensional cavity arrays. We formulate a Jaynes-Cummings Hamiltonian for two-level atoms coupled to cavity modes and driven by an external laser field which reduces to an effective spin Hamiltonian in the dispersive regime. In one dimension we provide exact analytical solution. Read More

We have studied the ground-state properties of para-hydrogen in one dimension and in quasi-one-dimensional configurations using the path integral ground state Monte Carlo method. This method produces zero-temperature exact results for a given interaction and geometry. The quasi-one-dimensional setup has been implemented in two forms: the inner channel inside a carbon nanotube coated with H$_2$ and a harmonic confinement of variable strength. Read More

We report that the saturation/CGC model of gluon distribution is unstable under action of the chaotic solution in a nonlinear QCD evolution equation, and it evolves to the distribution with a sharp peak at the critical momentum. We find that this gluon condensation is caused by a new kind of shadowing-antishadowing effects, and it leads to a series of unexpected effects in high energy hadron collisions including astrophysical events. For example, the extremely intense fluctuations in the transverse-momentum and rapidity distributions of the gluon jets present the gluon-jet bursts; a sudden increase of the proton-proton cross sections may fill the GZK suppression; the blocking QCD evolution will restrict the maximum available energy of the hadron-hadron colliders. Read More

It is shown that there is no proof of negativity of specific heat of the system placed in thermostat. It is proved that for the system of particles placed in the thermostat and interacting with each other via uniform potential energy the total energy is linear function of the temperature so the isobaric heat capacity is constant along the line of the zero pressure if the latter exists and the isobaric heat capacity is negative for value of the degree of uniformity of the potential energy negative and more than -2 and it is non-negative if otherwise. Read More

The paper analyzes a general case of an equation of state, which is an analytical function at the critical point of the liquid-vapor first order phase transition of pure substance. It is shown that the equality to zero of the first- and second-order partial derivatives of pressure with respect to volume (density) at the critical point is the consequence of the thermodynamic conditions of phase equilibrium. We obtained the relations of critical exponents and amplitudes with parameters of the analytical equation of state. Read More

**Authors:**N. Chelwani, D. Hoch, D. Jost, B. Botka, J. -R. Scholz, R. Richter, M. Theodoridou, F. Kretzschmar, T. Böhm, K. Kamarás, R. Hackl

We report the development of a detection optics for the integration of Raman scattering and scanning probe microscopy at low temperature based on a parabolic mirror. In our set-up half of the paraboloid mirror covers a solid angle of $\pi$ corresponding to a numerical aperture of N.A. Read More

Rotation of molecules embedded in He nanodroplets is explored by a combination of fs laser-induced alignment experiments and angulon quasiparticle theory. We demonstrate that at low fluence of the fs alignment pulse, the molecule and its solvation shell can be set into coherent collective rotation lasting long enough to form revivals. With increasing fluence, however, the revivals disappear -- instead, rotational dynamics as rapid as for an isolated molecule is observed during the first few picoseconds. Read More

We present a method to systematically study multi-photon transmission in one dimensional systems comprised of correlated quantum emitters coupled to input and output waveguides. Within the Green's function approach of the scattering matrix (S-matrix), we develop a diagrammatic technique to analytically obtain the system's scattering amplitudes while at the same time visualise all the possible absorption and emission processes. Our method helps to reduce the significant effort in finding the general response of a many-body bosonic system, particularly the nonlinear response embedded in the Green's functions. Read More

In this paper, we present a detailed numerical implementation of the multicomponent potential theory of adsorption which is among the most accurate gas mixtures adsorption models. The implementation uses the NIST Refprop database to describe fluid properties and applies to pure gases and mixtures in both subcritical and supercritical regimes. The limitations of the model and the issues encountered with its implementation are discussed. Read More

The quasiparticle (QP) energies, which are minus of the energies required by removing or produced by adding one electron from/to the system, corresponding to the photoemission or inverse photoemission (PE/IPE) spectra, are determined together with the QP wave functions, which are not orthonormal and even not linearly independent but somewhat similar to the normal spin orbitals in the theory of the configuration interaction, by self-consistently solving the QP equation coupled with the equation for the self-energy. The electron density, kinetic and all interaction energies can be calculated using the QP wave functions. We prove in a simple way that the PE/IPE spectroscopy and therefore this QP theory can be applied to an arbitrary initial excited eigenstate. Read More

Solid rigidity and liquid-scale mobility are thought incompatible in elemental substances. One cannot have an elemental solid that is long-range positionally ordered wherein the atoms flow like in a liquid simultaneously. The only exception might be the hypothetical supersolid state of 4He. Read More

We theoretically analyze the effect of parameter fluctuations on the superradiance phase transition in a setup where a large number of superconducting qubits are coupled to a single cavity. We include parameter fluctuations that are typical of superconducting architectures, such as fluctuations in qubit gaps, bias points and qubit-cavity coupling strength. We find that the phase transition should occur in this case, although it manifests itself somewhat differently from the case with no fluctuations. Read More

In experiment and theory, we resolve the mechanism of ultrafast optical magnon excitation in antiferromagnetic NiO. We employ time-resolved optical two-color pump-probe measurements to study the coherent non-thermal spin dynamics. Optical pumping and probing with linearly and circularly polarized light along the optic axis of the NiO crystal scrutinizes the mechanism behind the ultrafast optical magnon excitation. Read More

We report the finding of unidirectional electronic properties, analogous to a semiconductor diode, in two-dimensional artificial permalloy honeycomb lattice of ultra-small bond, with a typical length of ~ 12 nm. The unidirectional transport behavior, characterized by the asymmetric colossal enhancement in differential conductivity at a modest current application of ~ 10-15 $\mu$A, persists to T = 300 K in honeycomb lattice of thickness ~ 6 nm. The asymmetric behavior arises without the application of magnetic field. Read More

We study the non-equilibrium dynamics of two coupled mechanical oscillators with general linear couplings to two uncorrelated thermal baths at temperatures $T_1$ and $T_2$, respectively. We obtain the complete solution of the Heisenberg-Langevin equations, which reveal a coherent mixing among the normal modes of the oscillators as a consequence of their off-diagonal couplings to the baths. Unique renormalization aspects resulting from this mixing are discussed. Read More

Structural characterization of metalloporphyrins in complex systems such as native hydrocarbons is in the focus of scientific and industrial interests since many years. We describe electron-nuclear double resonance (ENDOR) of crude oil from the well without any additional sample treatment (i.e. Read More

The crystal and magnetic structures of stoichiometric ZnCr2Se4 have been investigated using synchrotron X-ray and neutron powder diffraction, muon spin relaxation (muSR) and inelastic neutron scattering. Synchrotron X-ray diffraction shows a spin-lattice distortion from the cubic spinel to a tetragonal I41/amd lattice below TN = 21 K, where powder neutron diffraction confirms the formation of a helical magnetic structure with magnetic moment of 3.04(3) {\mu}B at 1. Read More

We Present a general analytic description of the ferromagnetic high frequency susceptibility tensor that can be used to describe angular as well as frequency dependent FMR spectra and account for asymmetries in the line shape. Furthermore we expand this model to reciprocal space and show how it describes the magnon dispersion. Finally we suggest a trajectory dependent solving tool to describe the equilibrium states of the magnetization. Read More

The rigid double-torus torsional oscillator (TO) is constructed to reduce any elastic effects in-herent to complicate TO structures, allowing explicit probing for a genuine supersolid signature. We investigated the frequency- and temperature-dependent response of the rigid double-torus TO containing solid 4He with 0.6 ppb 3He and 300 ppb 3He. Read More

Below the phase transition temperature $Tc \simeq 10^{-3}$K He-3B has a mixture of normal and superfluid components. Turbulence in this material is carried predominantly by the superfluid component. We explore the statistical properties of this quantum turbulence, stressing the differences from the better known classical counterpart. Read More

The irrotational nature of superfluid helium was discovered through its decoupling from the container under rotation. Similarly, the resonant period drop of a torsional oscillator (TO) containing solid helium was first interpreted as the decoupling of solid from the TO and appearance of supersolid. However, the resonant period can be changed by mechanisms other than supersolid, such as the elastic stiffening of solid helium that is widely accepted as the reason for the TO response. Read More

Topological Lifshitz transitions involve many types of topological structures in momentum and frequency-momentum spaces: Fermi surfaces, Dirac lines, Dirac and Weyl points, etc. Each of these structures has their own topological invariant ($N_1$, $N_2$, $N_3$, $\tilde N_3$, etc.), which supports the stability of a given topological structure. Read More

Bromothymol blue (BTB) with the molecular formula of C27H28Br2O5S was grown onto p-Si substrate to fabricate heterojunction by spin coating technique. The current voltage (I-V) measurements of diode were carried out in dark and under different illumination intensity at room temperature. The photoelectrical properties of heterojunction based on BTB were investigated using the illumination intensity dependent I-V data. Read More

The influence of the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction on the spin-wave dispersion in an Fe double layer grown on W(110) is measured for the first time. It is demonstrated that the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction breaks the degeneracy of spin waves and leads to an asymmetric spin-wave dispersion relation. An extended Heisenberg spin Hamiltonian is employed to obtain the longitudinal component of the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya vectors from the experimentally measured energy asymmetry. Read More

The heating effect of terahertz pulse with various frequencies and intensities on the heavy water solution is investigated using the molecular dynamics simulation. Resonant absorptions are found for both heavy water and light water, but at a different resonant frequency which is about 16 THz for heavy water and 21 THz for light water. This resonant phenomenon can be explained perfectly by the collective rotational modes that may release water molecules from hydrogen bonding. Read More

The flow of superfluid $^4$He around a translationally oscillating sphere, levitating without mechanical support, can either be laminar or turbulent, depending on the velocity amplitude. Below a critical velocity $v_c$ that scales as $\omega ^{1/2}$, and is temperature independent below 1 K, the flow is laminar (potential flow). Below 0. Read More

We show that the highly conductive polymer poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) can successfully be applied as a hole selective front contact in silicon heterojunction (SHJ) solar cells. In combination with a superior electron selective heterojunction back contact based on amorphous silicon (a-Si), mono-crystalline n-type silicon (c-Si) solar cells reach power conversion efficiencies up to 14.8% and high open-circuit voltages exceeding 660 mV. Read More

**Authors:**Lorenzo Camosi

^{1}, Stanislas Rohart

^{2}, Olivier Fruchart

^{3}, Stefania Pizzini

^{4}, Mohamed Belmeguenai

^{5}, Yves Roussigné

^{6}, Andreï Stachkevitch

^{7}, Mourad Chérif Salim

^{8}, Laurent Ranno

^{9}, Maurizio De Santis

^{10}, Jan Vogel

^{11}

**Affiliations:**

^{1}NEEL,

^{2}LPS,

^{3}SPINTEC - UMR 8191, NEEL,

^{4}NEEL,

^{5}LSPM,

^{6}LSPM,

^{7}LSPM,

^{8}LSPM,

^{9}NEEL,

^{10}NEEL,

^{11}NEEL

We have used Brillouin Light Scattering spectroscopy to independently determine the in-plane Magneto-Crystalline Anisotropy and the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya Interaction (DMI) in out-of-plane magnetized Au/Co/W(110). We found that the DMI strength is 2.5 larger along the bcc[001] than along the bcc[-110] direction. Read More