# Physics - General Physics Publications (50)

## Search

## Physics - General Physics Publications

We present the emergence of a root system in six dimensions from the tetrahedra of an icosahedral core known as the 20-group (20G) within the framework of Clifford's geometric algebra. Consequently, we establish a connection between a three dimensional icosahedral seed, a six dimensional Dirichlet quantized host and a higher dimensional lattice structure. The 20G, owing to its icosahedral symmetry, bears the signature of a 6D lattice that manifests in the Dirichlet integer representation. Read More

We propose an optical parallel computation similar to quantum computation that can be realized by introducing pseudorandom phase sequences into classical optical fields with two orthogonal modes. Based on the pseudorandom phase sequences, we first propose a theoretical framework of "phase ensemble model" referring from the concept of quantum ensemble. Using the ensemble model, we further demonstrate the inseparability of the fields similar to quantum entanglement. Read More

In this paper, we have analyzed the stability of cylindrically symmetric collapsing object filled with locally anisotropic fluid in $f(R,T)$ theory, where $R$ is the scalar curvature and $T$ is the trace of stress-energy tensor of matter. Modified field equations and dynamical equations are constructed in $f(R,T)$ gravity. Evolution or collapse equation is derived from dynamical equations by performing linear perturbation on them. Read More

The contribution of $O^{2-}$ ions to antiferromagnetism in $La_{2-x}Ae_xCuO_4$ ($Ae = Sr, Ba)$ is highly sensitive to doped holes. In contrast, the contribution of $Cu^{2+}$ ions to antiferromagnetism in $Nd_{2-x}Ce_xCuO_{4+y}$ is much less sensitive to doped electrons. The difference causes the precarious and, respectively, robust antiferromagnetic phase of these cuprates. Read More

The recent progress in the theory of generalized Lambert functions makes possible to solve exactly the Weiss equation of ferromagnetism. However, this solution is quite inconvenient for practical purposes. Precise approximate analytical solutions are obtained, giving the temperature dependence of the spontaneous magnetization, and also the dependence of the magnetization on both temperature and external magnetic field. Read More

We investigate the Hawking radiation of massive spin-1 vector particles, which are coupled to vacuum fluctuations of a quantum field, from Rindler modified Schwarzschild black hole. Rindler acceleration is used to produce the post-general relativistic theory of gravity for the distant field of a point mass. The gravitational lensing problem of the Rindler modified Schwarzschild black hole is also studied. Read More

The curvature and twisting of spacetime rotate the angle of polarization and imprint orbital angular momentum to photons emitted by the accretion disk near rotating black holes. Considering polarization and orbital angular momentum as two degrees of freedom of single-photons that can encode quantum information, we emphasize that the particular shape of spacetime around rotating black holes implements quantum gates and simple quantum circuits. Consequently, we demonstrate the implementation of some elementary quantum gates, like Hadamard or C-NOT, and simple quantum circuits, like Bell states, with photons in the presence of spinning black holes. Read More

We obtain a new anisotropic solution for spherically symmetric spacetimes by analysing of the Karmarkar embedding condition. For this purpose we construct a suitable form of one of the gravitational potentials to obtain a closed form solution. This form of the remaining gravitational potential allows us to solve the embedding equation and integrate the field equations. Read More

In this paper, we generalize Verlinde's entropic gravity proposal on other fundamental forces of nature. We begin with introducing the entropic origin of Coulomb's electrostatic force and then the magnetic force, by assuming the holographic principle holds for a charged particle approaching a screen enclosing the emerged part of the spacetime due to this source, whose entropy changes through the approaching charge. Thereafter, we obtain the entropic Maxwell equations in both classical and covariant form by means of the holograpic principles for the source. Read More

One of two postulates that are base for special relativity is that the laws of physics are invariant in all inertial systems, which has as a consequence that it is impossible for an observer to detect his motion through space. It will be shown that this is in a contradiction with the results of the Hafele-Keating experiment, which established that time is going faster in an airplane going westward than in that going eastward, if compared with clocks located on Earth. The result of the experiment allows not only to conclude that Earth is rotating toward east, but also to calculate the speed of Earth motion. Read More

Monge gauge in differential geometry is generalized. The original Monge gauge is based on a surface defined as a height function $h(x,y)$ above a flat reference plane. The total curvature and the Gaussian curvature are found in terms of the height function. Read More

Recently, we have a confidence that neutrino has a tiny mass and mixing does exist among neutrino flovors as one can see from experimental data that reported by many collaborations. Based on experimental data that flavor mixing does exist in neutrino sector which imply that all three mixing angles are nonzero, we derive the neutrino mass matrix from a cobimaximal neutrino mixing matrix. We also evaluate the prediction of neutrino mass matrix with texture zero from a cobimaximal neutrino mixing matrix on neutrino masses and effective Majorana mass. Read More

We develop BRST symmetry for the first time for a particle on the surface of a torus knot.The nilpotent BRST/anti-BRST charges which generate such symmetries are constructed explicitly. The states annihilated by these nilpotent charges consist the physical Hilbert space. Read More

We provide a generalized Lorentz four-vector theorem. We use this theorem to verify M{\o}ller's theorem which is often used in relativistic analysis of light momentum, and surprisingly find that M{\o}ller's theorem is flawed. We provide a corrected version of M{\o}ller's theorem, and indicate that the corrected M{\o}ller's theorem only defines a trivial zero four-vector for an electromagnetic stress-energy tensor. Read More

Provided a quantum superconducting condensate is allowed to occupy a curved hyper-plane of space-time, a geometric potential from the kinetic term arises. An energy conservation relation involving the geometric field at every material point in the superconductor can be demonstrated. The induced three-dimensional scalar curvature is directly related to the wavefunction/order parameter of the quantum condensate thus pointing the way to a possible experimental procedure to artificially induce curvature of space-time via change in the electric/probability current density. Read More

We construct a manifestly Machian theory of gravitation on the foundation that information in the universe cannot be destroyed (Landauer's principle). If no bit of information in the Universe is lost, than the sum of the entropies of the geometric and the matter fields should be conserved. We propose a local invariant expression for the entropy of the geometric field and formulate a variational principle on the entropic functional which produces entropic field equations. Read More

In this note we will discuss the consistencies of the assumptions used to construct covariant derivatives in a metric space. We will use the Maxwell's equations in a curved spacetime to discuss this issue. We will show that the gauge invariance of the Maxwell's equations for the electromagnetic potentials in a general metric spacetime give a new expression of the Ricci tensor. Read More

The determination of the electromagnetic field generated by a charge in hyperbolic motion is a classical problem for which the majority view is that the Li\'enard-Wiechert solution which implies that the charge radiates) is the correct one. However we analyze in this paper a less known solution due to Turakulov that differs from the Li\'enard-Wiechert one and which according to him does not radiate. We prove his conclusion to be wrong. Read More

**Authors:**Mikhail Batanov

In this article, a model of a material particle in chaotic motion (while maintaining a definite size and trajectory) is presented. On the basis of this model, the following is achieved: --to express Planck's constant through the main features of a stationary random process; --to justify the transition from the coordinate representation of the state of the particle to its momentum representation without invoking either the principles of de Broglie waves or the Heisenberg uncertainty principle. --to derive a form of the Schroedinger equation on the basis of the principle of extremum of the mean of the action of a particle in chaotic motion. Read More

We derive the gaugeon formalism of the Kalb-Ramond field theory, a reducible gauge theory, which discusses the quantum gauge freedom. In gaugeon formalism, theory admits quantum gauge symmetry which leaves the action form-invariant. The BRST symmetric gaugeon formalism is also studied which introduces the gaugeon ghost fields and gaugeon ghosts of ghosts fields. Read More

The extended electrodynamic theory introduced by Aharonov and Bohm (after an earlier attempt by Ohmura) and recently developed by Van Vlaenderen and Waser, Hively and Giakos, can be re-written and solved in a simple and effective way in the standard covariant 4D formalism. This displays more clearly some of its features. The theory allows a very interesting consistent generalization of the Maxwell equations. Read More

We consider the light cone (`retardation') equation (LCE) of an inertially moving observer and a single worldline parameterized by arbitrary rational functions. Then a set of apparent copies, R- or C-particles, defined by the (real or complex conjugate) roots of the LCE will be detected by the observer. For any rational worldline the collective R-C dynamics is manifestly Lorentz-invariant and conservative; the latter property follows directly from the structure of Vieta formulas for the LCE roots. Read More

A single-particle formulation of the Dirac theory is presented, according to which an electron has one more internal degree of freedom -- (relative) intrinsic parity. The Dirac particle with the positive (negative) intrinsic parity behaves like the "heavy"\/ ("light") quasi-particle whose dynamics is described by the generalized Pauli equation for the "large"\/ ("small"\/) component of the Dirac bispinor in the standard representation. It is shown that there is an analogy between the Dirac particle moving under external scalar electric field and the electromagnetic wave propagating in a dispersive medium: the quantum ensemble of the Dirac particle, consisting of the subensembles of particles with the positive and negative intrinsic parities, is analogous to the electromagnetic wave with the (inseparable from each other) electric and magnetic components (of course, due to the nonzero rest energy of the Dirac particle, the small component is zero when the particle is at rest). Read More

In this paper, we find a reasonable explanation of high temperature superconductivity phenomena using Anyon statistics. Read More

In the present article, we discover a new well-behaved charged anisotropic solution of Einstein-Maxwell's field equations. We ansatz the metric potential $g_{00}$ of the form given by Maurya el al. (arXiv:1607. Read More

It is generally assumed that neutrino masses can be neglected to a high degree of approximation in cross section calculations. This assumption seems very reasonable since the neutrino masses are extremely small and the neutrinos are ultrarelativistic fermions at the energy scales of current experiments. Consequently, in cross section calculations in the Quantum Field Theory, the Standard Model neutrinos are frequently assumed to be described by 100% negative helicity states. Read More

Modern relativistic astrophysics deals with compact relativistic objects (neutron and quark stars), candidates for black holes of stellar and galactic masses, gravitational radiation and its detection, massive supernova explosions, gamma ray bursts, jets from active galactic nuclei and cosmological models of the Universe. The common basis for all this observed phenomena is the theory of gravitation, for which in modern theoretical physics there are two main directions: Einstein geometrical and Feynman nonmetric field approaches for description of gravitational interaction. Though classical relativistic effects have the same values in both approaches, there are dramatically different effects predicted by GRT and FGT for relativistic astrophysics. Read More

The phenomenological universalities (PU) are extended to include time-depended quantum oscillatory phenomena, coherence and supersymmetry. It will be proved that this approach generates minimum uncertainty coherent states of time-dependent oscillators, which in the dissociation (classical) limit reduce to the functions describing growth (regression) of the systems evolving over time. The results obtained reveal existence of a new class of macroscopic quantum (or quasi-quantum) phenomena, which may play a vital role in coherent formation of the specific growth patterns in complex systems. Read More

Anthony Aguirre and Max Tegmark have famously speculated that the Level I Multiverse is the same as the Level III Multiverse. By this, they mean that the parallel universes of the Level III Multiverse can be regarded as similar or identical copies of our own Hubble volume distributed throughout the whole of our (possibly infinite) bubble universe. However, we show that our bubble universe is in a single quantum eigenstate that extends to regions of space that are receding from each other at superluminal velocities because of general relativistic expansion. Read More

We present a new type of energy-momentum tensor and angular momentum tensor. They are motivated by a special consideration in quantum measurement: Given a wave in mutual eigen-state of more than one physical observables, the corresponding physical currents should be proportional to each other. Interestingly, this criterion denies the traditional canonical and symmetric expressions of energy-momentum tensor and their associated expressions of angular momentum tensor. Read More

We acuminate the idea of a final theory of physics in order to analyze its logical implications and consequences. It is argued that the rationale of a final theory is the principle of sufficient reason. This implies that a final theory of physics, presumed such a theory is possible, does not allow to incorporate substantial (non-trivial) propositions unless they are logically or mathematically deduced. Read More

Heat transfer in the SR flow of power, rather than the Newton current of cold masses, provides proper referents for GR geodesic motion of inertial energy and for metric of non-empty space. GR can compare losses of internal energy under speed increases and can explain the attraction law by the body tendency toward equipartition of kinetic energies over internal and external degrees of freedom. Thermodynamic approach numerically describes the cyclic dynamics of the vertical fall to center with the final path deceleration followed by the accelerated rise as an oscillation around the kinetic energy equilibrium of geodetically moving body and pushes other testable predictions for inertial charges with heat in strong field gravitation. Read More

In this paper, we consider higher order correction of the entropy and study the thermodynamical properties of recently proposed Schwarzschild-Beltrami-de Sitter black hole, which is indeed an exact solution of Einstein equation with a positive cosmological constant. By using the corrected entropy and Hawking temperature we extract some thermodynamical quantities like Gibbs and Helmholtz free energies and heat capacity. We also investigate the first and second laws of thermodynamics. Read More

The study of perturbation of self-gravitating collapsing celestial cylindrical object have been carried out in this paper. We have designed a framework to construct the collapse equation by formulating the modified field equations with the background of $f(R,T)$ theory as well as dynamical equations from the contracted form of Bianchi identities with anisotropic matter configuration. We have encapsulated the radial perturbations on metric and material variables of the geometry with some known static profile at Newtonian and post-Newtonian regimes. Read More

We consider spinor representations of the conformal group. The spacetime is constructed by the 15-dimensional vectors in the adjoint representation of $SO(2,4)$. On the spacetime, we construct a gravitational model that is invariant under local transformation. Read More

It is discussed that the proposal of the vacuum being filled with negative sea, or the aether, is in fact consistent in terms of energy observation. When consciousness is considered in cyclical time, the vacuum yields the energy with E_0 while being filled with negative sea of N*E_0 where N is the number of computations since the big bang. This effectively provides a consistent explanation of the difference between the observed and the theoretical values of the vacuum energy, namely, the cosmological constant problem. Read More

We study a type of an Unruh-DeWitt-like detector based on a vector rather than scalar field. This detector has two energy states and produces Larmor radiation when there is no energy gap between them. This setup indicates that Larmor radiation and Unruh radiation are two counterparts of the same phenomenon. Read More

An extension to the standard electroweak model is presented that is different from previous models. This extension involves a three dimensional rotation of a plane defined by two charge-neutral current axes. In this model the plane also contains the three algebraically coupled SU(2) groups quantization axes that comprise the SU(3) group. Read More

We introduce phenomenological understanding of the electromagnetic component of the physical vacuum, the EM vacuum, as a basic medium for all masses of the expanding Universe, and "Casimir polarization" of this medium arising in the vicinity of any material object in the Universe as a result of conjugation of the electric field components of the EM vacuum on both sides ("external" and "internal") of atomic nucleus boundary of the each mass with vacuum. It is shown that the gravitational attraction of two material objects in accordance with Newton's law of gravity arises as a result of overlapping of the domains of Casimir polarization of the EM vacuum created by atomic nuclei of the objects, taking into account the long-range gravitational influence of all masses of the Universe on each nucleus of these objects (Mach's idea). Newton's law of gravitational attraction between two bodies is generalized to the case of gravitational interaction of a system of bodies when the center of mass of the pair of bodies shifted relative to the center of mass of the system. Read More

Standard unit of information Bit generates any natural process through discrete (yes-no) interactions, including interactive macro impulses in classical physics and elementary micro impulses of quantum interactions. The elementary interaction of random impulses measures (yes-no) probability events according to Kolmogorov 1-0 law for random process. In natural interactive process, each impulse step-down action cuts the correlations of the process prior interactive events. Read More

A degenerate fermionic vacuum population is suggested. Based on the abundance of the dark energy density in the Universe the vacuum particle mass and number density are estimated. The obtained mass is in reasonable agreement with observations and predictions of the neutrino mass. Read More

Beginning with a decomposition of the Newtonian field of gravity, I show that four classical color fields can be associated with the gravitational field. The meaning of color here is that these fields do not add up to yield the Newtonian gravitational field, but the forces and potential energies associated with them add up to yield the Newtonian force and potential energy, respectively. These four color fields can have associated magnetic fields as in linearized gravity. Read More

The notion of gravitational radiation begins with electromagnetic radiation. In 1887 Heinrich Hertz, working in one room, generated and received electromagnetic radiation. Maxwell's equations describe the electromagnetic field. Read More

**Category:**Physics - General Physics

The role of anisotropic components on the dark energy and the dynamics of the universe is investigated. An anisotropic dark energy fluid with different pressures along different spatial directions is assumed to incorporate the effect of anisotropy. One dimensional cosmic strings aligned along x-direction supplement some kind of anisotropy. Read More

The way Quantum Mechanics (QM) is introduced to people used to Classical Mechanics (CM) is by a complete change of the general methodology despite QM historically stemming from CM as a means to explain experimental results. Therefore, it is desirable to build a bridge from CM to QM. This paper presents a generalization of CM to QM. Read More

Temperature, magnetic induction and substitution dependent resistivity are a crucial factor in determining the physical properties of magneto-resistive materials. The first objective of this work was to find out an applicable method of using temperature to predict the resistivity of Pr0.7(CaxSr1-x)0. Read More

The continuity of the gauge fixing condition $n\cdot\partial n\cdot A=0$ for $SU(2)$ gauge theory on the manifold $R\bigotimes S^{1}\bigotimes S^{1}\bigotimes S^{1}$ is studied here, where $n^{\mu}$ stands for directional vector along $x_{i}$-axis($i=1,2,3$). It is proved that the gauge fixing condition is continuous given that gauge potentials are differentiable with continuous derivatives on the manifold $R\bigotimes S^{1}\bigotimes S^{1}\bigotimes S^{1}$ which is compact. Read More

It has been widely accepted that electric field alone is the fundamental factor for optical interference, since Wiener's experiments in 1890 proved that the electric field plays such a dominant role. A group of experiments were demonstrated against Wiener's experiments under the condition that the interference fringes made by optical standing waves could have been distinguished from the fringes of equal thickness between the inner surface of emulsion and the plane mirror used to build the optical standing waves. It was found that the Bragg diffraction from the interference fringes formed by the standing waves did not exist. Read More

The aim of this paper is to study the quantum tunneling process for charged vector particles through the horizons of black holes by using Proca equation. For this purpose, we have consider a pair of charged accelerating and rotating black holes with NUT parameter and a black hole in $5D$ gauged supergravity, respectively. Further, we have studied the tunneling probability and corresponding Hawking temperature for both black holes by using WKB approximation. Read More

Formation of molecular H2 and O2 is experimentally studied under laser exposure of water colloidal solution to radiation of a Nd:YAG laser at pulse duration of 10 ns and laser fluence in the liquid of order of 100 J/cm2. It is found the partial pressure of both H2 and O2 first increases with laser exposure time and saturates at exposures of order of 1 hour. The balance between O2 and H2 content depends on the laser energy fluence in the solution and is shifted towards H2 at high fluences. Read More