Mathematics - Complex Variables Publications (50)

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Mathematics - Complex Variables Publications

Let $M$ be an open Riemann surface and $n\ge 3$ be an integer. We prove that on any closed discrete subset of $M$ one can prescribe the values of a conformal minimal immersion $M\to\mathbb{R}^n$. Our result also ensures jet-interpolation of given finite order, and hence, in particular, one may in addition prescribe the values of the generalized Gauss map. Read More


We prove that given a family $(G_t)$ of strictly pseudoconvex domains varying in $\mathcal{C}^2$ topology on domains, there exists a continuously varying family of peak functions $h_{t,\zeta}$ for all $G_t$ at every $\zeta\in\partial G_t.$ Read More


The paper treats several aspects of the truncated matricial $[\alpha,\beta]$-Hausdorff type moment problems. It is shown that each $[\alpha,\beta]$-Hausdorff moment sequence has a particular intrinsic structure. More precisely, each element of this sequence varies within a closed bounded matricial interval. Read More


Let $p(z)=a_0+a_1z+a_2z^2+a_3z^3+\cdots+a_nz^n$ be a polynomial of degree $n$. Rivlin \cite{Rivlin} proved that if $p(z)\neq 0$ in the unit disk, then for $0Read More


We determine exactly when a class of integral operators are bounded on weighted $L^p$ spaces over the Siegel upper half-space. Read More


We prove that a general complex Monge-Amp\`ere flow on a Hermitian manifold can be run from an arbitrary initial condition with zero Lelong number at all points. Using this property, we confirm a conjecture of Tosatti-Weinkove: the Chern-Ricci flow performs a canonical surgical contraction. Finally, we study a generalization of the Chern-Ricci flow on compact Hermitian manifolds, namely the twisted Chern-Ricci flow. Read More


We determine the Bohr radius for the class of odd functions $f$ satisfying $|f(z)|\le 1$ for all $|z|<1$, settling the recent conjecture of Ali, Barnard and Solynin \cite{AliBarSoly}. In fact, we solve this problem in a more general setting. Then we discuss Bohr's radius for the class of analytic functions $g$, when $g$ is subordinate to a member of the class of odd univalent functions. Read More


We study harmonic mappings of the form $f(z) = h(z) - \overline{z}$, where $h$ is an analytic function. In particular we are interested in the index (a generalized multiplicity) of the zeros of such functions. Outside the critical set of $f$, where the Jacobian of $f$ is non-vanishing, it is known that this index has similar properties as the classical multiplicity of zeros of analytic functions. Read More


Having been unclear how to define strong (or strict) pseudoconvexity in the infinite-dimensional and non-smooth boundary context, we take a look at the available literature on strong pseudoconvexity, focusing first in eliminating the need of two degress of smoothness e.g. via distributions. Read More


We prove the optimality of the hypotheses guaranteeing the $L^p$-boundedness for the Cauchy-Leray integral in $\mathbb C^n$, $n\geq 2$, obtained in [LS-4]. Two domains, both elementary in nature, show that the geometric requirement of strong $\mathbb C$-linear convexity, together with regularity of order 2, are both necessary. Read More


We prove some isoperimetric type inequalities for real harmonic functions in the unit disk belonging to the Hardy space $h^p$, $p>1$ and for complex harmonic functions in $h^4$. The results extend some recent results on the area. Further we discus some Riesz type results for holomorphic functions. Read More


All Gizatullin surfaces that admit such a $\mathbb{C}^+$-action for which the quotient is a $\mathbb{C}^1$-fibration with a reduced degenerate fibre, have the density property. We also give a description of the identity component of the group of holomorphic automorphisms of these surfaces. Read More


In this paper, we prove some fundamental theorems for holomorphic curves on angular domain intersecting a finite set of fixed hyperplanes in general position in P^n(C) with ramification and fixed hypersurfaces in general position on complex projective variety with the level of truncation. As an application, we establish a result for uniqueness problem of holomorphic curve by inverse image of Fermat hypersurface. In my knowledge, up to now, this is the first result for uniqueness problem of holomorphic curve by inverse image of hypersurface on angular domain. Read More


We study the following question: Let $(X,g)$ be a compact Gauduchon surface, $(E,h)$ be a differentiable rank $r$ vector bundle on $X$, ${\mathcal{D}}$ be a fixed holomorphic structure on $D:=\det(E)$ and $a$ be the Chern connection of the pair $(\mathcal{D},\det(h))$. Does the complex space structure on ${\mathcal{M}}_a^{\mathrm{ASD}}(E)^*$ induced by the Kobayashi-Hitchin correspondence extend to a complex space structure on the Donaldson-Uhlenbeck compactification $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_a^\mathrm{ASD}(E)$? Our results answer this question in detail for the moduli spaces of $\mathrm{SU}(2)$-instantons with $c_2=1$ on general (possibly unknown) class VII surfaces. Read More


We describe the equivalence classes of germs of generic 1-parameter families of complex vector fields z dot = omega_epsilon(z) on C unfolding a singular point of multiplicity k+1: omega_0 = z^{k+1} + o(z^{k+1}). The equivalence is under conjugacy by holomorphic change of coordinate and parameter. We provide a description of the modulus space and (almost) unique normal forms. Read More


We present a new approach based on linear integro-differential operators with logarithmic kernel related to the Hadamard fractional calculus in order to generalize, by a parameter $\nu \in (0,1]$, the logarithmic creep law known in rheology as Lomnitz law (obtained for $\nu=1$). We derive the constitutive stress-strain relation of this generalized model in a form that couples memory effects and time-varying viscosity. Then, based on the hereditary theory of linear viscoelasticity, we also derive the corresponding relaxation function by solving numerically a Volterra integral equation of the second kind. Read More


We survey the recent developments in the theory of quasireg- ular mappings in metric spaces. In particular, we study the geometric porosity of the branch set of quasiregular mappings in general metric measure spaces, and then, introduce the various natural definitions of quasiregular mappings in general metric measure spaces, and give con- ditions under which they are quantitatively equivalent. Read More


We prove that every multiplier sequence for the Legendre basis which can be interpolated by a polynomial has the form $\{h(k^2+k)\}_{k=0}^{\infty}$, where $h\in\mathbb{R}[x]$. We also prove that a non-trivial collection of polynomials of a certain form interpolate multiplier sequences for the Legendre basis, and we state conjectures on how to extend these results. Read More


Skoda's 1972 result on ideal generation is a crucial ingredient in the analytic approach to the finite generation of the canonical ring and the abundance conjecture. Special analytic techniques developed by Skoda, other than applications of the usual vanishing theorems and L2 estimates for the d-bar equation, are required for its proof. This note (which is part of a lecture given in the 60th birthday conference for Lawrence Ein) gives a simpler, more straightforward proof of Skoda's result, which makes it a natural consequence of the standard techniques in vanishing theorems and solving d-bar equation with L2 estimates. Read More


The Darlington synthesis problem (in the scalar case) is the problem of embedding a given contractive analytic function to an inner $2\times 2$ matrix function as the entry. A fundamental result of Arov--Douglas--Helton relates this algebraic property to a pure analytic one known as a pseudocontinuation of bounded type. We suggest a local version of the Darlington synthesis problem and prove a local analog of the ADH theorem. Read More


There is proved the sufficiency of several conditions for the removability of singularities of complex-analytic sets in domains of $\mathbb C^n$. Read More


The paper investigates the (non)existence of compact quotients, by a discrete subgroup, of the homogeneous almost-complex strongly-pseudoconvex manifolds disconvered and classified by Gaussier-Sukhov and K.-H. Lee. Read More


We give a criterion which characterizes a homogeneous real multi-variate polynomial to have the property that all sufficiently large powers of the polynomial (as well as their products with any given positive homogeneous polynomial) have positive coefficients. Our result generalizes a result of De Angelis, which corresponds to the case of homogeneous bi-variate polynomials, as well as a classical result of P\'olya, which corresponds to the case of a specific linear polynomial. As an application, we also give a characterization of certain polynomial beta functions, which are the spectral radius functions of the defining matrix functions of Markov chains. Read More


We obtain new two-sided norm estimates for the family of Bergman-type projections arising from the standard weights $(1-|z|^2)^{\alpha}$ where $\alpha>-1$. As $\alpha\to -1$, the lower bound is sharp in the sense that it asymptotically agrees with the norm of the Riesz projection. The upper bound is estimated in terms of the maximal Bergman projection, whose exact operator norm we calculate. Read More


We obtain several estimates for the $L^p$ operator norms of the Bergman and Cauchy-Szeg\"o projections over the the Siegel upper half-space. As a by-product, we also determine the precise value of the $L^p$ operator norm of a family of integral operators over the Siegel upper half-space. Read More


We describe the recently established minimal model program for (non-algebraic) K\"ahler threefolds as well as the abundance theorem for these spaces. Read More


A smooth complex variety satisfies the Generalized Jacobian Conjecture if all its etale endomorphisms are proper. We study the equivariant version of the conjecture for $\mathbb{Q}$-acyclic surfaces of negative Kodaira dimension and infinite algebraic groups. We show that it holds for groups other than $\mathbb{C}^*$, and for $\mathbb{C}^*$ we classify counterexamples relating them to Belyi-Shabat polynomials. Read More


M. Crouzeix formulated the following conjecture in (Integral Equations Operator Theory 48, 2004, 461--477): For every square matrix $A$ and every polynomial $p$, $$\|p(A)\| \le 2 \max_{z\in W(A)}|p(z)|, $$ where $W(A)$ is the numerical range of $A$. We show that the conjecture holds for tridiagonal $3\times 3$ matrices $$\left[ \begin{matrix}a&b&0\\ c&a&b\\0&c&a\end{matrix} \right],\qquad a,b,c \in \mathbb C, $$ with constant diagonals, even if any number of off-diagonal elements should be set to zero. Read More


It is shown that the difference equation \begin{equation}\label{abseq} (\Delta f(z))^2=A(z)(f(z)f(z+1)-B(z)) \qquad\qquad (1) \end{equation} possesses a continuous limit to the differential equation \begin{equation}\label{abseq2} (w')^2=A(z)(w^2-1),\qquad\qquad (2) \end{equation} which extends to solutions in certain cases. In addition, if (1) possesses two distinct transcendental meromorphic solutions, it is shown that these solutions satisfy an algebraic relation, and that their growth behaviors are almost same in the sense of Nevanlinna under some conditions. Examples are given to discuss the sharpness of the results obtained. Read More


We introduce a new operation, copolar addition, on unbounded convex subsets of the positive orthant of real euclidean space and establish convexity of the covolumes of the corresponding convex combinations. The proof is based on a technique of geodesics of plurisubharmonic functions. As an application, we show that there are no relative extremal functions inside a non-constant geodesic curve between two toric relative extremal functions. Read More


We consider the coefficients in the series expansion at zero of the Weierstrass sigma function \[ \sigma(z) = z \sum_{i, j \geqslant 0} {a_{i,j} \over (4 i + 6 j + 1)!} \left({g_2 z^4 \over 2}\right)^i \left(2 g_3 z^6\right)^j. \] We have $a_{i,j} \in \mathbb{Z}$. We present the divisibility Hypothesis for the integers $a_{i,j}$ \begin{align*} \nu_2(a_{i,j}) &= \nu_2((4i + 6j + 1)!) - \nu_2(i!) - \nu_2(j!) - 3 i - 4 j, & \nu_3(a_{i,j}) &= \nu_3((4i + 6j + 1)!) - \nu_3(i!) - \nu_3(j!) - i - j. Read More


We propose a study of the foliations of the projective plane induced by simple derivations of the polynomial ring in two indeterminates over the complex field. These correspond to foliations which have no invariant algebraic curve nor singularities in the complement of a line. We establish the position of these foliations in the birational classification of foliations and prove the finiteness of their birational symmetries. Read More


We give a simple and more elementary proof that the notions of Domain of Holomorphy and Weak Domain of Holomorphy are equivalent. This proof is based on a combination of Baire's Category Theorey and Montel's Theorem. We also obtain generalizations by demanding that the non-extentable functions belong to a particular class of holomorphic functions in the domain. Read More


We present an explicit calculation of an Okounkov body associated to an algebraic variety. This is used to derive a formula for transfinite diameter on the variety. We relate this formula to a recent result of D. Read More


We study the degeneration of semipositive smooth hermitian line bundles on open complex manifolds, assuming that the metric extends well away from a codimension two analytic subset of the boundary. Using terminology introduced by R. Hain, we show that under these assumptions the so-called height jump divisors are always effective. Read More


Let $X$ be a compact Riemann surface of genus $g\geq 2$. Let $Aut(X)$ be its group of automorphisms and $G\subseteq Aut(X)$ a subgroup. Sharp upper bounds for $|G|$ in terms of $g$ are known if $G$ belongs to certain classes of groups, e. Read More


In $\mathbb{C}^2$, we give an equivalent condition of the Diederich--Forn\ae ss index. This condition allows us to discuss the index on Levi-flat sets. We also find a naturally defined closed $1$-form on the Levi-flat sets. Read More


We study the distribution of the common zero sets of $m$-tuples of holomorphic sections of powers of $m$ singular Hermitian pseudo-effective line bundles on a compact K\"ahler manifold. As an application, we obtain sufficient conditions which ensure that the wedge product of the curvature currents of these line bundles can be approximated by analytic cycles. Read More


A collection of arbitrarily-shaped solid objects, each moving at a constant speed, can be used to mix or stir ideal fluid, and can give rise to interesting flow patterns. Assuming these systems of fluid stirrers are two-dimensional, the mathematical problem of resolving the flow field - given a particular distribution of any finite number of stirrers of specified shape and speed - can be formulated as a Riemann-Hilbert problem. We show that this Riemann-Hilbert problem can be solved numerically using a fast and accurate algorithm for any finite number of stirrers based around a boundary integral equation with the generalized Neumann kernel. Read More


We prove that any flat family $(\mathcal{ F}_u)_{u\in U}$ of rank 2 torsion-free sheaves on a Gauduchon surface defines a continuous map on the semi-stable locus $U^{\mathrm {ss}}:=\{u\in U \ |\ \mathcal{ F}_u\hbox{ is slope semi-stable}\}$ with values in the Donaldson-Uhlenbeck compactification of the corresponding instanton moduli space. In the general (possibly non-K\"ahlerian) case, the Donaldson-Uhlenbeck compactification is not a complex space, and the set $U^{\mathrm {ss}}$ can be a complicated subset of the base space $U$ that is neither open or closed in the classical topology, nor locally closed in the Zariski topology. This result provides an efficient tool for the explicit description of Donaldson-Uhlenbeck compactifications on arbitrary Gauduchon surfaces. Read More


We prove that every compact K\"ahler threefold of Kodaira dimension 1 has a bimeromorphic model with at worst terminal singularities which admits a locally trivial algebraic approximation. Read More


We consider singular metrics on a punctured Riemann surface and on a line bundle and study the behavior of the Bergman kernel in the neighbourhood of the punctures. The results have an interpretation in terms of the asymptotic profile of the density of states function of the lowest Landau level in quantum Hall effect. Read More


Given a fixed-point free compact holomorphic self-map $f$ on a bounded symmetric domain $D$, which may be infinite dimensional, we establish the existence of a family $\{H(\xi, \lambda)\}_{\lambda >0}$ of convex $f$-invariant domains at a point $\xi$ in the boundary $\partial D$ of $D$, which generalises completely Wolff's theorem for the open unit disc in $\mathbb{C}$. Further, we construct horoballs at $\xi$ and show that they are exactly the $f$-invariant domains when $D$ is of finite rank. Consequently, we show in the latter case that the limit functions of the iterates $(f^n)$ with weakly closed range all accumulate in one single boundary component of $\partial D$. Read More


We introduce and study Schottky G-bundles over a compact Riemann surface X, where G is a connected reductive algebraic group. We prove, based on the characterization of Ramanathan, that all Schottky G-bundles have trivial topological type. We also generalize the Schottky moduli map introduced by Florentino to the setting of principal bundles, and prove its local surjectivity at the good and unitary locus. Read More


If $\mu $ is a positive Borel measure on the interval $[0, 1)$ we let $\mathcal H_\mu $ be the Hankel matrix $\mathcal H_\mu =(\mu_{n, k})_{n,k\ge 0}$ with entries $\mu_{n, k}=\mu_{n+k}$, where, for $n\,=\,0, 1, 2, \dots $, $\mu_n$ denotes the moment of orden $n$ of $\mu $. This matrix induces formally the operator $$\mathcal{H}_\mu (f)(z)= \sum_{n=0}^{\infty}\left(\sum_{k=0}^{\infty} \mu_{n,k}{a_k}\right)z^n$$ on the space of all analytic functions $f(z)=\sum_{k=0}^\infty a_kz^k$, in the unit disc $\D $. This is a natural generalization of the classical Hilbert operator. Read More


We investigate the singularity of a minimal singular metric on a big line bundle $L$ over a projective manifold when the stable base locus $Y$ of $L$ is a submanifold of codimension $r\geq 1$. Under some assumptions on the normal bundle and a neighborhood of $Y$, we give a concrete description of the singularity of a minimal singular metric. We apply this result to a higher (co-)dimensional analogue of Zariski's example, in which the line bundle $L$ is not semi-ample, however it is nef and big. Read More


We show how Pick interpolation and interpolation on peak interpolation sets can be combined in an abstract uniform algebra setting. In particular as a special case, the Rudin-Carleson theorem can be combined with the classical Pick interpolation theorem on the disc. Read More


In the present paper we introduce and investigate an interesting subclass K_{s}^{(k)}({\gamma},p) of analytic and p-valently close-to-convex functions in the open unit disk U. For functions belonging to this class, we derive several properties as the inclusion relationships and distortion theorems. The various results presented here would generalize many known recent results. Read More


We consider the quaternionic Hermite polynomials and study in some details some of their analytic properties. Mainly, we show that they form an orthogonal basis of the classical Hilbert space on the quaternions with respect to the gaussian measure. Moreover, we obtain an integral representation as well as some operational formulae of exponential and Burchnall types. Read More


We describe the space of measured foliations induced on a compact Riemann surface by meromorphic quadratic differentials. We prove that any such foliation is realized by a unique such differential $q$ if we prescribe, in addition, the principal parts of $\sqrt q$ at the poles. This generalizes a theorem of Hubbard and Masur for holomorphic quadratic differentials. Read More