Mathematics - Analysis of PDEs Publications (50)

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Mathematics - Analysis of PDEs Publications

We study the large time behaviour of the mass (size) of particles described by the fragmentation equation with homogeneous breakup kernel. We give necessary and sufficient conditions for the convergence of solutions to the unique self-similar solution. Read More


We study controllability of a Partial Differential Equation of transport type, that arises in crowd models. We are interested in controlling such system with a control being a Lipschitz vector field on a fixed control set $\omega$. We prove that, for each initial and final configuration, one can steer one to another with such class of controls only if the uncontrolled dynamics allows to cross the control set $\omega$. Read More


The paper investigates the asymptotic behavior of a 2D overhead crane with input delays in the boundary control. A linear boundary control is proposed. The main feature of such a control lies in the facts that it solely depends on the velocity but under the presence of time-delays. Read More


We consider an exclusion process with long jumps in the box $\Lambda_N=\{1, \ldots,N-1\}$, for $N \ge 2$, in contact with infinitely extended reservoirs on its left and on its right. The jump rate is described by a transition probability $p(\cdot)$ which is symmetric, with infinite support but with finite variance. The reservoirs add or remove particles with rate proportional to $\kappa N^{-\theta}$, where $\kappa>0$ and $\theta \in \mathbb{R}$. Read More


Let $(\mathbb{X} , d, \mu )$ be a proper metric measure space and let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{X}$ be a bounded domain. For each $x\in \Omega$, we choose a radius $0< \varrho (x) \leq \mathrm{dist}(x, \partial \Omega ) $ and let $B_x$ be the closed ball centered at $x$ with radius $\varrho (x)$. If $\alpha \in \mathbb{R}$, consider the following operator in $C( \overline{\Omega} )$, $$ \mathcal{T}_{\alpha}u(x)=\frac{\alpha}{2}\left(\sup_{B_x } u+\inf_{B_x } u\right)+(1-\alpha)\,\frac{1}{\mu(B_x)}\int_{B_x}\hspace{-0. Read More


We define the notion of higher-order colocally weakly differentiable maps from a manifold $M$ to a manifold $N$. When $M$ and $N$ are endowed with Riemannian metrics, $p\ge 1$ and $k\ge 2$, this allows us to define the intrinsic higher-order homogeneous Sobolev space $\dot{W}^{k,p}(M,N)$. We show that this new intrinsic definition is not equivalent in general with the definition by an isometric embedding of $N$ in a Euclidean space; if the manifolds $M$ and $N$ are compact, the intrinsic space is a larger space than the one obtained by embedding. Read More


We study the Cauchy-Dirichlet problem associated to a phase transition modeled upon the degenerate two-phase Stefan problem. We prove that weak solutions are continuous up to the parabolic boundary and quantify the continuity by deriving a modulus. As a byproduct, these a priori regularity results are used to prove the existence of a so-called physical solution. Read More


We study the long-time behavior of solutions of the one-phase Stefan problem in inhomogeneous media in dimensions $n \geq 2$. Using the technique of rescaling which is consistent with the evolution of the free boundary, we are able to show the homogenization of the free boundary velocity as well as the locally uniform convergence of the rescaled solution to a self-similar solution of the homogeneous Hele-Shaw problem with a point source. Moreover, by viscosity solution methods, we also deduce that the rescaled free boundary uniformly approaches a sphere with respect to Hausdorff distance. Read More


We consider a fourth order evolution equation involving a singular nonlinear term $\frac{\lambda}{(1-u)^{2}}$ in a bounded domain $\Omega\subset\R^{n}$. This equation arises in the modeling of microelectromechanical systems. We first investigate the well-posedness of a fourth order parabolic equation which has been studied in \cite{Lau}, where the authors, by the semigroup argument, obtained the well-posedness of this equation for $n\leq2$. Read More


In this paper we show rigidity results for super-solutions to fully nonlinear elliptic conformally invariant equations on subdomains of the standard $n$-sphere $\mathbb S^n$ under suitable conditions along the boundary. This proves rigidity for compact connected locally conformally flat manifolds $(M,g)$ with boundary such that the eigenvalues of the Schouten tensor satisfy a fully nonlinear elliptic inequality and whose boundary is isometric to a geodesic sphere $\partial D(r)$, where $D(r)$ denotes a geodesic ball of radius $r\in (0,\pi/2]$ in $\mathbb S^n$, and totally umbilical with mean curvature bounded bellow by the mean curvature of this geodesic sphere. Under the above conditions, $(M,g)$ must be isometric to the closed geodesic ball $\overline{D(r)}$. Read More


This paper is concerned about the lifespan estimate to the Cauchy problem of semilinear damped wave equations with the Fujita critical exponent in high dimensions$(n\geq 4)$. We establish the sharp upper bound of the lifespan in the following form \begin{equation}\nonumber\\ \begin{aligned} T(\varepsilon)\leq \exp(C\varepsilon^{-\frac 2n}), \end{aligned} \end{equation} by using the heat kernel as the test function. Read More


We study the stochastic cubic complex Ginzburg-Landau equation with complex-valued space-time white noise on the three dimensional torus. This nonlinear equation is so singular that it can only be under- stood in a renormalized sense. In the first half of this paper we prove local well-posedness of this equation in the framework of regularity structure theory. Read More


We prove the unique solvability of solutions in Sobolev spaces to the stationary Stokes system on a bounded Reifenberg flat domain when the coefficients are partially BMO functions, i.e., locally they are merely measurable in one direction and have small mean oscillations in the other directions. Read More


The global existence of classical solutions to reaction-diffusion systems in dimensions one and two is proved. The considered systems are assumed to satisfy an {\it entropy inequality} and have nonlinearities with at most cubic growth in 1D or at most quadratic growth in 2D. By a modified Galiardo-Nirenberg inequality and the regularity of the heat operator, the classical solution is proved global and has $L^{\infty}$-norm growing at most polynomially in time. Read More


In this paper we study a one phase free boundary problem for the p(x)-Laplacian with non-zero right hand side. We prove that the free boundary of a weak solution is a C^1 surface in a neighborhood of every free boundary point. We also obtain further regularity results on the free boundary, under further regularity assumptions on the data. Read More


In this paper we give rates of convergence for the $p$-curve shortening flow for $p\geq 1$ an integer, which improves on the known estimates and which are probably sharp. Read More


Myxobacteria are social bacteria, that can glide in 2D and form counter-propagating, interacting waves. Here we present a novel age-structured, continuous macroscopic model for the movement of myxobacteria. The derivation is based on microscopic interaction rules that can be formulated as a particle-based model and set within the SOH (Self-Organized Hydrodynamics) framework. Read More


We prove a reducibility result for a class of quasi-periodically forced linear wave equations on the $d$-dimensional torus $\T^d$ of the form $$ \partial_{tt} v - \Delta v + \e {\cal P}(\omega t)[v] = 0 $$ where the perturbation ${\cal P}(\omega t)$ is a second order operator of the form ${\cal P}(\omega t) = - a(\omega t) \Delta - {\cal R}(\omega t)$, the frequency $\omega \in \R^\nu$ is in some Borel set of large Lebesgue measure, the function $a : \T^\nu \to \R$ (independent of the space variable) is sufficiently smooth and ${\cal R}(\omega t)$ is a time-dependent finite rank operator. This is the first reducibility result for linear wave equations with unbounded perturbations on the higher dimensional torus $\T^d$. As a corollary, we get that the linearized Kirchhoff equation at a smooth and sufficiently small quasi-periodic function is reducible. Read More


A novel third order nonlinear evolution equation is introduced. It is connected, via Baecklund transformations, with the Korteweg-deVries (KdV), modified Korteweg-deVries (mKdV) equation and other third order nonlinear evolution equations. Hence, it is termed KdV-type equation. Read More


In this paper, we study the Cauchy problem for radially symmetric homogeneous non-cutoff Boltzmann equation with Maxwellian molecules, the initial datum belongs to Shubin space of the negative index which can be characterized by spectral decomposition of the harmonic oscillators. The Shubin space of the negative index contains the measure functions. Based on this spectral decomposition, we construct the weak solution with Shubin class initial datum, we also prove that the Cauchy problem enjoys Gelfand-Shilov smoothing effect, meaning that the smoothing properties are the same as the Cauchy problem defined by the evolution equation associated to a fractional harmonic oscillator. Read More


In this work, we consider a one-dimensional It{\^o} diffusion process X t with possibly nonlinear drift and diffusion coefficients. We show that, when the diffusion coefficient is known, the drift coefficient is uniquely determined by an observation of the expectation of the process during a small time interval, and starting from values X 0 in a given subset of R. With the same type of observation, and given the drift coefficient, we also show that the diffusion coefficient is uniquely determined. Read More


In this paper, similar to the incompressible Euler equation, we prove the propagation of the Gevrey regularity of solutions to the three-dimensional incompressible ideal magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) equations. We also obtain an uniform estimate of Gevery radius for the solution of MHD equation. Read More


We consider the Schr\"odinger equation on a half space in any dimension with a class of nonhomogeneous boundary conditions including Dirichlet, Neuman and the so-called transparent boundary conditions. Building upon recent local in time Strichartz estimates (for Dirichlet boundary conditions), we obtain global Strichartz estimates for initial data in $H^s,\ 0\leq s\leq 2$ and boundary data in a natural space $\mathcal{H}^s$. For $s\geq 1/2$, the issue of compatibility conditions requires a thorough analysis of the $\mathcal{H}^s$ space. Read More


We study perturbations of the eigenvalue problem for the negative Laplacian plus an indefinite and unbounded potential and Robin boundary condition. First we consider the case of a sublinear perturbation and then of a superlinear perturbation. For the first case we show that for $\lambda<\widehat{\lambda}_{1}$ ($\widehat{\lambda}_{1}$ being the principal eigenvalue) there is one positive solution which is unique under additional conditions on the perturbation term. Read More


This paper presents a variational approach to doubly-nonlinear (gradient) flows (P) of nonconvex energies along with nonpotential perturbations (i.e., perturbation terms without any potential structures). Read More


In this paper we consider the inviscid limit for the periodic solutions to Navier-Stokes equation in the framework of Gevrey class. It is shown that the lifespan for the solutions to Navier-Stokes equation is independent of viscosity, and that the solutions of the Navier-Stokes equation converge to that of Euler equation in Gevrey class as the viscosity tends to zero. Moreover the convergence rate in Gevrey class is presented. Read More


In this paper, we study the analytical smoothing effect of Cauchy problem for the incompressible Boussinesq equations. Precisely, we use the Fourier method to prove that the Sobolev H 1-solution to the incompressible Boussinesq equations in periodic domain is analytic for any positive time. So the incompressible Boussinesq equation admet exactly same smoothing effect properties of incompressible Navier-Stokes equations. Read More


In this paper we study the weighted Gevrey class regularity of Euler equation in the whole space R 3. We first establish the local existence of Euler equation in weighted Sobolev space, then obtain the weighted Gevrey regularity of Euler equation. We will use the weighted Sobolev-Gevrey space method to obtain the results of Gevrey regularity of Euler equation, and the use of the property of singular operator in the estimate of the pressure term is the improvement of our work. Read More


In this work we use variational methods to prove results on existence and concentration of solutions to a problem in $\mathbb{R}^N$ involving the $1-$Laplacian operator. A thorough analysis on the energy functional defined in the space of functions of bounded variation $BV(\mathbb{R}^N)$ is necessary, where the lack of compactness is overcome by using the Concentration of Compactness Principle of Lions. Read More


We develop the local Morse theory for a class of non-twice continuously differentiable functionals on Hilbert spaces, including a new generalization of the Gromoll-Meyer's splitting theorem and a weaker Marino-Prodi perturbation type result. With them some critical point theorems and famous bifurcation theorems are generalized. Then we show that these are applicable to studies of quasi-linear elliptic equations and systems of higher order given by multi-dimensional variational problems as in (1. Read More


This work is devoted to examine the uniqueness and existence of kinetic solutions for a class of scalar conservation laws involving a nonlocal super-critical diffusion operator and a multiplicative noise. Our proof for uniqueness is based upon the analysis on double variables method and the existence is enabled by a parabolic approximation. Read More


In this paper we study the free boundary regularity for almost-minimizers of the functional \begin{equation*} J(u)=\int_{\mathcal O} |\nabla u(x)|^2 +q^2_+(x)\chi_{\{u>0\}}(x) +q^2_-(x)\chi_{\{u<0\}}(x)\ dx \end{equation*} where $q_\pm \in L^\infty(\mathcal O)$. Almost-minimizers satisfy a variational inequality but not a PDE or a monotonicity formula the way minimizers do (see [AC], [ACF], [CJK], [W]). Nevertheless we succeed in proving that, under a non-degeneracy assumption on $q_\pm$, the free boundary is uniformly rectifiable. Read More


What is chaos ? Despite several decades of research on this ubiquitous and fundamental phenomenon there is yet no agreed-upon answer to this question. Recently, it was realized that all stochastic and deterministic differential equations, describing all natural and engineered dynamical systems, possess a topological supersymmetry. It was then suggested that its spontaneous breakdown could be interpreted as the stochastic generalization of deterministic chaos. Read More


We study spaces of modelled distributions with singular behaviour near the boundary of a domain that, in the context of the theory of regularity structures, allow one to give robust solution theories for singular stochastic PDEs with boundary conditions. The calculus of modelled distributions established in Hairer (Invent. Math. Read More


We consider the existence of global-in-time weak solutions in two spatial dimensions to the Hookean dumbbell model, which arises as a microscopic-macroscopic bead-spring model from the kinetic theory of dilute solutions of polymeric liquids with noninteracting polymer chains. This model involves the unsteady incompressible Navier-Stokes equations in a bounded domain in two or three space dimensions for the velocity and the pressure of the fluid, with an elastic extra-stress tensor appearing on the right-hand side in the momentum equation. The extra-stress tensor stems from the random movement of the polymer chains and is defined by the Kramers expression through the associated probability density function that satisfies a Fokker-Planck-type parabolic equation, a crucial feature of which is the presence of a center-of-mass diffusion term. Read More


We consider a geometrically fully nonlinear variational model for thin elastic sheets that contain a single disclination. The free elastic energy contains the thickness $h$ as a small parameter. We give an improvement of a recently proved energy scaling law, removing the next-to leading order terms in the lower bound. Read More


We consider plasmon resonances and cloaking for the elastostatic system in $\mathbb{R}^3$ via the spectral theory of Neumann-Poincar\'e operator. We first derive the full spectral properties of the Neumann-Poincar\'e operator for the 3D elastostatic system in the spherical geometry. The spectral result is of significant interest for its own sake, and serves as a highly nontrivial extension of the corresponding 2D study in [8]. Read More


We prove local well-posedness for the Cauchy problem associated to Kortewegde Vries equation on a metric star graph with three semi-infinite bonds given by one negative half-line and two positives half-lines attached to a common vertex. The results are obtained in the low regularity setting by using the approach given by Colliander, Kenig (2002) and Holmer (2006). Read More


We establish the regularity results for solutions of nonlocal Venttsel' problems in polygonal and piecewise smooth two-dimensional domains. Read More


We show that practical uniform global asymptotic stability (pUGAS) is equivalent to existence of a bounded uniformly globally weakly attractive set. This result is valid for a wide class of robustly forward complete distributed parameter systems, including time-delay systems, switched systems, many classes of PDEs and evolution differential equations in Banach spaces. We apply this criterion to show that existence of a non-coercive Lyapunov function ensures pUGAS of robustly forward complete systems. Read More


We show that a Born-Infeld soliton can be realised either as a spacelike minimal graph or timelike minimal graph over a timelike plane or a combination of both away from singular points. We also obtain some exact solutions of the Born-Infeld equation from already known solutions to the maximal surface equation. Further we present a method to construct a one-parameter family of complex solitons from a given one parameter family of maximal surfaces. Read More


Given $\rho \in P(R^d)$, we prove that, if the concentration of $\rho$ is less than $1/2$, then it has finite 2-particles Coulomb cost. The result is sharp, in the sense that there exists $\rho$ with concentration 1/2 for which $C(\rho) = \infty$. Read More


The uniqueness of parabolic Cauchy problems is nowadays a classical problem and since Hadamard [4] these kind of problems are known to be ill-posed and even severely ill-posed. Until now there are only few partial results concerning the quantification in the stability for parabolic Cauchy problems. In the present article, we bring the complete answer to this issue. Read More


In these notes, we expose some recent works by the author in collaboration with Olivier Glass, Christophe Lacave and Alexandre Munnier, establishing point vortex dynamics as zero-radius limits of motions of a rigid body immersed in a two dimensional incompressible perfect fluid in several inertia regimes. Read More


In this paper, we prove the local well-posedness of 3-D axi-symmetric Navier-Stokes system with initial data in the critical Lebesgue spaces. We also obtain the global well-posedness result with small initial data. Furthermore, with the initial swirl component of the velocity being sufficiently small in the almost critical spaces, we can still prove the global well-posedness of the system. Read More


In the present paper we study the existence of solutions for some classes of singular systems involving the p(x) and q(x) Laplacian operators. The approach is based on bifurcation theory and subsupersolution method for systems of quasilinear equations involving singular terms. Read More


In this paper we establish the best constant of an anisotropic Gagliardo-Nirenberg-type inequality related to the Benjamin-Ono-Zakharov-Kuznetsov equation. As an application of our results, we prove the uniform bound of solutions for such a equation in the energy space. Read More


A quasi-linear hyperbolic partial differential equation with a discontinuous flux models geologic carbon dioxide migration and storage. Dual flux curves characterize the model, giving rise to flux discontinuities. One convex flux describes the invasion of the plume into pore space, and the other captures the flow as the plume leaves carbon dioxide bubbles behind, which are then trapped in the pore space. Read More


In this paper, we employ asymptotic analysis to determine information about small volume defects in a known anisotropic scattering medium from far field scattering data. The location of the defects is reconstructed via the MUSIC algorithm from the range of the multi-static response matrix derived from the asymptotic expansion of the far field pattern in the presence of small defects. Since the same data determines the transmission eigenvalues corre- sponding to the perturbed media, we investigate how the presence of the defects changes the transmission eigenvalues and use this information to recover the strength of the small defects. Read More