Quantum Physics Publications (50)

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Quantum Physics Publications

Resonant activation in temporally driven spin-boson systems subjected to strong dissipation is researched by means of both, analytical and extensive numerical investigations. The phenomenon of resonant activation emerges in the presence of either fluctuating or periodically varying driving fields. Addressing the incoherent regime, a characteristic minimum emerges in the mean first passage time (MFPT) to reach an absorbing neighboring state whenever the intrinsic time scale of the modulation matches the characteristic time scale of the system dynamics. Read More


To investigate the performance of quantum information tasks on networks whose topology changes in time, we study the spatial search algorithm by continuous time quantum walk to find a marked node on a random temporal network. We consider a network of $n$ nodes constituted by a time-ordered sequence of Erd\"os-R\'enyi random graphs $G(n,p)$, where $p$ is the probability that any two given nodes are connected: after every time interval $\tau$, a new graph $G(n,p)$ replaces the previous one. We prove analytically that for any given $p$, there is always a range of values of $\tau$ for which the running time of the algorithm is optimal, i. Read More


A general quantum thermodynamics network is composed of thermal devices connected to the environments through quantum wires. The coupling between the devices and the wires may introduce additional decay channels which modify the system performance with respect to the directly-coupled device. We analyze this effect in a quantum three-level device connected to a heat bath or to a work source through a two-level wire. Read More


Genuine multpartite quantum nonlocality can be quantified by the communication cost needed to reproduce the nonlocal correlation by classical communication models. This prompts the question as to how one may provide such an operational characterization for the nonclassicality of local multipartite correlations arising from genuinely quantum states possessing quantum discord. To answer this question, we consider a classical simulation protocol where one of the parties pre-share a random variable with the other parties who may also share arbitrary randomness. Read More


In this paper we study the behavior of the Casimir energy of a "multi-cavity" across the transition from the metallic to the superconducting phase of the constituting plates. Our analysis is carried out in the framework of the ARCHIMEDES experiment, aiming at measuring the interaction of the electromagnetic vacuum energy with a gravitational field. For this purpose it is foreseen to modulate the Casimir energy of a layered structure composing a multy-cavity coupled system by inducing a transition from the metallic to the superconducting phase. Read More


Bri\"et et al. showed that an efficient communication protocol implies a reliable XOR game protocol. In this work, we improve this relationship, and obtain a nontrivial lower bound $2\log3\approx 3. Read More


In exactly solvable quantum mechanical systems, ladder and intertwining operators play a central role because, if they are found, the energy spectrums can be obtained algebraically. In this paper, we study such features of ladder and intertwining operators in a unified way, in which we make the operators to depend on parameters. It is shown that, when ladder operators depend on a parameter, the ordinary commutation relation for ladder operators is modified in a natural way. Read More


We consider two (natural) families of observables $O_k$ for systems with dimension $d=3,4,5$: the spin observables $S_x$, $S_y$ and $S_z$, and the observables that have mutually unbiased bases as eigenstates. We derive tight entropic uncertainty relations for these families, in the form $\sum_kH(O_k)\geqslant\alpha_d$, where $H(O_k)$ is the Shannon entropy of the measurement outcomes of $O_k$ and $\alpha_d$ is a constant. We show that most of our bounds are stronger than previously known ones. Read More


Randomized benchmarking (RB) is an efficient and robust method to characterize gate errors in quantum circuits. Averaging over random sequences of gates leads to estimates of gate errors in terms of the average fidelity that are isolated from the state preparation and measurement errors that plague other methods like channel tomography and direct fidelity estimation. A decisive factor in the feasibility of randomized benchmarking is the number of samples required to obtain rigorous confidence intervals. Read More


Over the last decade, photon echoes have been intensively studied as a potential candidate of quantum memories owing to the inherent benefits of ultrafast, wide bandwidth, and multi-mode information processing capabilities. The key mechanism of photon echoes is in the rephasing of coherence evolutions of inhomogeneously broadened ensemble atoms. This allows for the reversible information processing which in turn satisfies unitarity in quantum mechanics. Read More


Compact and electrically controllable on-chip sources of indistinguishable photons are desirable for the development of integrated quantum technologies. We demonstrate that two quantum dot light emitting diodes (LEDs) in close proximity on a single chip can function as a tunable, all-electric quantum light source. Light emitted by an electrically excited driving LED is used to excite quantum dots the neighbouring diode. Read More


The bosonic nature of light leads to counter-intuitive bunching effects. We describe an experimentally testable effect in which a single photon is induced through a highly reflecting beamsplitter by a large amplitude coherent state, with probability 1/e in the limit of large coherent state amplitude. We use this effect to construct a viable implementation of the bare raising operator on coherent states via conditional measurement, which succeeds with high probability and fidelity even in the high amplitude limit. Read More


Advances in the emerging field of coherent quantum feedback control (CQFC) have led to the development of new capabilities in the areas of quantum control and quantum engineering, with a particular impact on the theory and applications of quantum optical networks. We consider a CQFC network consisting of two coupled optical parametric oscillators (OPOs) and study the squeezing spectrum of its output field. The performance of this network as a squeezed-light source with desired spectral characteristics is optimized by searching over the space of model parameters with experimentally motivated bounds. Read More


Reliable generation of single photons is of key importance for fundamental physical experiments and to demonstrate quantum technologies. Waveguide-based photon pair sources have shown great promise in this regard due to their large degree of spectral tunability, high generation rates and long photon coherence times. However, for such a source to have real world applications it needs to be efficiently integrated with fiber-optic networks. Read More


In this work the one-parameter Fisher-R\'enyi measure of complexity for general $d$-dimensional probability distributions is introduced and its main analytic properties are discussed. Then, this quantity is determined for the hydrogenic systems in terms of the quantum numbers of the quantum states and the nuclear charge. Read More


A long-time quantum memory capable of storing and measuring quantum information at the single-qubit level is an essential ingredient for practical quantum computation and com-munication. Recently, there have been remarkable progresses of increasing coherence time for ensemble-based quantum memories of trapped ions, nuclear spins of ionized donors or nuclear spins in a solid. Until now, however, the record of coherence time of a single qubit is on the order of a few tens of seconds demonstrated in trapped ion systems. Read More


An essential step in quantum key distribution is the estimation of parameters related to the leaked amount of information, which is usually done by sampling of the communication data. When the data size is finite, the final key rate depends on how the estimation process handles statistical fluctuations. Many of the present security analyses are based on the method with simple random sampling, where hypergeometric distribution or its known bounds are used for the estimation. Read More


The linear superposition principle in quantum mechanics is essential for several no-go theorems such as the no-cloning theorem, the no-deleting theorem and the no-superposing theorem. It remains an open problem of finding general forbidden principles to unify these results. In this paper, we investigate general quantum transformations forbidden or permitted by the superposition principle for various goals. Read More


We present a practical classification scheme for the four-partite entangled states under stochastic local operations and classical communication (SLOCC). By transforming a four-partite state into a triple-state set composed of two tripartite and one bipartite states, the entanglement classification is reduced to that of only tripartite and bipartite entanglements. This reduction method has the merit of being extendable to the classification of any multipartite entangled state, meanwhile provides an insight to the entanglement character of subsystem. Read More


A continuous-time quantum walk on a graph is a matrix-valued function $\exp(-\mathtt{i} At)$ over the reals, where $A$ is the adjacency matrix of the graph. Such a quantum walk has universal perfect state transfer if for all vertices $u,v$, there is a time where the $(v,u)$ entry of the matrix exponential has unit magnitude. We prove new characterizations of graphs with universal perfect state transfer. Read More


In this work, we investigate how the presence of initial entanglement affects energy transport in a network. The network have sites dedicated to incoherent input or output of energy and intermediate control sites where initial entanglement can be established. For short times, we found that initial entanglement in the control sites provides a robust efficiency enhancer for energy transport. Read More


We develop a general framework for the open dynamics of an ensemble of quantum particles subject to spacetime fluctuations about the flat background. An arbitrary number of interacting bosonic and fermionic particles are considered. A systematic approach to the generation of gravitational waves in the quantum domain is presented that recovers known classical limits in terms of the quadrupole radiation formula and back-reaction dissipation. Read More


Experimental demonstration of entanglement needs to have a precise control of experimentalist over the system on which the measurements are performed as prescribed by an appropriate entanglement witness. To avoid such trust problem, recently device-independent entanglement witnesses (\emph{DIEW}s) for genuine tripartite entanglement have been proposed where witnesses are capable of testing genuine entanglement without precise description of Hilbert space dimension and measured operators i.e apparatus are treated as black boxes. Read More


Determining an unknown quantum state requires measurements that cannot be performed precisely at the same time, i.e. jointly, since they disturb one another. Read More


We have studied the temporal evolution of a quantum system subjected to strong dissipation at ultra-low temperatures where the system-bath interaction represents the leading energy scale. In this regime, theory predicts the time evolution of the system to follow a generalization of the classical Smoluchowski description, the quantum Smoluchowski equation, thus, exhibiting quantum Brownian motion characteristics. For this purpose, we have investigated the phase dynamics of a superconducting tunnel junction in the presence of high damping. Read More


Are quantum states real? How to think about this the most important, most fundamental and most profound question in quantum mechanics still has not been satisfactorily resolved, although its realistic interpretation seems to have been rejected by various delayed-choice experiments. The heart of the matter comes down to what can describe physical reality if wavefunctions cannot. Here, to address this long-standing issue, we present a quantum twisted double-slit experiment, in which orbital angular momentum degree-of-freedom is employed to 'mark' the double slits (mimicked by spatial light modulators). Read More


We experimentally demonstrate the underlying physical mechanism of the recently proposed protocol for superreplication of quantum phase gates [W. D\"ur, P. Sekatski, and M. Read More


Scattering of classical light by atomic clouds induces photon-mediated effective long-range interactions between the atoms and leads to cooperative effects even at low atomic densities. We introduce a novel simulation technique that allows us to investigate the quantum regime of the dynamics of large clouds of atoms. We show that the fluorescence spectrum of the cloud can be used to probe genuine quantum cooperative effects. Read More


We investigate single photon scattering properties in one-dimensional waveguide coupled to quantum emitter's chain with dipole-dipole interaction (DDI). The photon transport is extremely sensitive to the location of the evanescently coupled atoms. The analytical expressions of reflection and transmission amplitudes for the chain containing two emitters with DDI are deduced by using real-space Hamiltonian. Read More


The Euclidean plane is certainly the simplest example of real Hilbert space. Viewed as a space of quantum states, it can be used as a nice introductive example in teaching quantum formalism. The pure states form the unit circle (actually one half of it), the mixed states form the unit disk (actually one half of it), and rotations in the plane rule time evolution through a Majorana-like equation involving only real quantities. Read More


How many quantum queries are required to determine the coefficients of a degree-$d$ polynomial in $n$ variables? We present and analyze quantum algorithms for this multivariate polynomial interpolation problem over the fields $\mathbb{F}_q$, $\mathbb{R}$, and $\mathbb{C}$. We show that $k_{\mathbb{C}}$ and $2k_{\mathbb{C}}$ queries suffice to achieve probability $1$ for $\mathbb{C}$ and $\mathbb{R}$, respectively, where $k_{\mathbb{C}}=\smash{\lceil\frac{1}{n+1}{n+d\choose d}\rceil}$ except for $d=2$ and four other special cases. For $\mathbb{F}_q$, we show that $\smash{\lceil\frac{d}{n+d}{n+d\choose d}\rceil}$ queries suffice to achieve probability approaching $1$ for large field order $q$. Read More


A general orbital angular momentum (OAM) mode selection principle is put forward involving the rotationally symmetric superposition of chiral states. This principle is not only capable of explaining the operation of spiral zone plate holograms and suggesting that naturally occurring rotationally symmetric patterns could be inadvertent sources of vortex beams, but more importantly, it enables the systematic and flexible generation of structured OAM waves in general. This is demonstrated both experimentally and theoretically in the context of electron vortex beams using rotationally symmetric binary amplitude chiral sieve masks. Read More


It has been accepted that the polarization of the photon in vector beams is entangled with its momentum. Here a quantum description is advanced for the polarization that shows entanglement with the momentum. This is done by showing that the Jones vector at each value of the momentum plays the role of the polarization wavefunction in the sense that the Pauli matrices represent the Cartesian components of the polarization in the local reference system with respect to which the Jones vector is defined. Read More


The aim of this paper is a better understanding for the eigenstates of the asymmetric quantum Rabi model by Lie algebra representations of $\mathfrak{sl}_2$. We define a second order element of the universal enveloping algebra $\mathcal{U}(\mathfrak{sl}_2)$ of $\mathfrak{sl}_2(\mathbb{R})$, which, through the action of a certain infinite dimensional representation of $\mathfrak{sl}_2(\mathbb{R})$, provides a picture of the asymmetric quantum Rabi model equivalent to the one drawn by confluent Heun ordinary differential equations. Using this description, we prove the existence of level crossings in the spectral graph of the asymmetric quantum Rabi model when the symmetry-breaking parameter $\epsilon$ is equal to $\frac12$, and conjecture a formula that ensures likewise the presence of level crossings for general $\epsilon \in \frac12\mathbb{Z}$. Read More


In the paper, we give a characterization of arbitrary $n$-mode Gaussian coherence breaking channels (GCBCs) and show the tensor product of a GCBC and arbitrary a Gaussian channel maps all input states into product states. The inclusion relation among GCBCs, Gaussian positive partial transpose channels (GPPTC), entanglement breaking channels (GEBC), Gaussian classical-quantum channels (GCQC) and Gaussian quantum-classical channels (GQCC) is displayed. Finally, we prove that Gaussian classical ($\chi$-) capacity for the tensor products of GCBCs and arbitrary Gaussian channels is additive. Read More


We study the consequences of 'super-quantum non-local correlations' as represented by the PR-box model of Popescu and Rohrlich, and show PR-boxes can enhance the capacity of noisy interference channels between two senders and two receivers. PR-box correlations violate Bell/CHSH inequalities and are thus stronger -- more non-local -- than quantum mechanics; yet weak enough to respect special relativity in prohibiting faster-than-light communication. Understanding their power will yield insight into the non-locality of quantum mechanics. Read More


We use quantum energy teleportation in the light-matter interaction as an operational means to create quantum field states that violate energy conditions and have negative local stress-energy densities. We show that the protocol is optimal in the sense that it scales in a way that saturates the quantum interest conjecture. Read More


Any quantum algorithm can be implemented by an adaptive sequence of single node measurements on an entangled cluster of qubits in a square lattice topology. Photons are a promising candidate for encoding qubits but assembling a photonic entangled cluster with linear optical elements relies on probabilistic operations. Given a supply of $n$-photon-entangled microclusters, using a linear optical circuit and photon detectors, one can assemble a random entangled state of photons that can be subsequently "renormalized" into a logical cluster for universal quantum computing. Read More


This work examines superradiance in initially inverted clouds of \textit{multi-level} atoms. We develop a set of equations that can approximately calculate the temporal evolution of $N$ coupled atoms. This allows us to simulate clouds containing hundreds of multi-level atoms while eschewing the assumption and/or approximation of symmetric dipole-dipole interactions. Read More


One of simplest and most widely used error model in working with quantum circuits is the Pauli Twirling Approximation (PTA). Restricting ourselves to analysis of free dynamics of qubits we show explicitly how application of PTA is equivalent to ignoring most of the quantum back action of the system and give a general argument as to why this approximation leads to low logical error rates in fault tolerant stabilizer circuits as compared to other quantum channels. We provide numerical evidence that PTA's performance in modeling noise gets worse as number of qubits increase. Read More


Quantum state tomography is a fundamental technique for quantum technology, with many applications in quantum control and quantum communication. Due to the exponential complexity of the resources required for QST, people are looking for approaches that identify quantum states with less efforts and faster speed. In this Letter, we provide a tailored efficient method for reconstructing mixed quantum states up to $12$ (or even more) qubits from an incomplete set of observables subject to noises. Read More


We present a quantum algorithm for systems of (possibly inhomogeneous) linear ordinary differential equations with constant coefficients. The algorithm produces a quantum state that is proportional to the solution at a desired final time. The complexity of the algorithm is polynomial in the logarithm of the inverse error, an exponential improvement over previous quantum algorithms for this problem. Read More


We consider two-component Bose-Einstein condensates subject to Weyl spin-orbit coupling. We obtain mean-field ground state phase diagram by variational method. In the regime where interspecies coupling is larger than intraspecies coupling, the system is found to be fully polarized and condensed at a finite momentum lying along the quantization axis. Read More


We report precise single-shot measurement of electron spin correlations using a metastable charge state in a triple quantum dot. Spin-blocked states are transferred to the metastable state by loading an extra electron from a reservoir, leading to enhanced charge signals and readout fidelity above 99.7%. Read More


Multiple quantum (MQ) NMR methods \cite{Baum} are applied to the analysis of various problems of quantum information processing. It is shown that the two-spin/two-quantum Hamiltonian \cite{Baum} describing MQ NMR dynamics is related to the flip-flop Hamiltonian of a one-dimensional spin system in the approximation of the nearest neighbor interactions. As a result, it is possible to organize quantum state transfer along a linear chain. Read More


We investigate the electron-positron pair production process in an oscillating field with modulated amplitude in quantum kinetic formalism. By comparing the number density in field with and without modulation, we find that the pair production rate can be enhanced by several orders when the photon energy just reach the threshold with the help of shifted frequency due to modulation. We also detect the same effect in a pulse train with subcycle structure. Read More


Quantum correlations in multiple quantum (MQ) NMR experiments are investigated in two-spin systems (dimers). In the initial moment of time one spin is in a pure quantum polarized state and the other spin is in the thermodynamic equilibrium state defined by the temperature of the sample. MQ NMR dynamics of dimers is investigated. Read More