Quantum Physics Publications (50)

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Quantum Physics Publications

The divacancies in SiC are a family of paramagnetic defects that show promise for quantum communication technologies due to their long-lived electron spin coherence and their optical addressability at near-telecom wavelengths. Nonetheless, a mechanism for high-fidelity spin-to-photon conversation, which is a crucial prerequisite for such technologies, has not yet been demonstrated. Here we demonstrate a high-fidelity spin-to-photon interface in isolated divacancies in epitaxial films of 3C-SiC and 4H-SiC. Read More


We study the influence of atomic interactions on quantum simulations in momentum-space lattices (MSLs), where driven atomic transitions between discrete momentum states mimic transport between sites of a synthetic lattice. Low energy atomic collisions, which are short ranged in real space, relate to nearly infinite-ranged interactions in momentum space. However, the distinguishability of the discrete momentum states coupled in MSLs gives rise to an added exchange energy between condensate atoms in different momentum orders, relating to an effectively attractive, finite-ranged interaction in momentum space. Read More


Transformations on quantum states form a basic building block of every quantum information system. From photonic polarization to two-level atoms, complete sets of quantum gates for a variety of qubit systems are well known. For multi-level quantum systems beyond qubits, the situation is more challenging. Read More


For pure symmetric 3-qubit states there are only three algebraically independent entanglement measures; one choice is the pairwise concurrence $\mathcal C$, the 3-tangle $\tau$, and the Kempe invariant $\kappa$. Using a canonical form for symmetric $N$-qubit states derived from their Majorana representation, we derive the explicit achievable region of triples $(\mathcal C,\tau,\kappa)$. Read More


We study the behaviour of the Uhlmann connection in systems of fermions undergoing phase transitions. In particular, we analyse some of the paradigmatic cases of topological insulators and superconductors in dimension one, as well as the BCS theory of superconductivity in three dimensions. We show that the Uhlmann connection signals phase transitions in which the eigenbasis of the state of the system changes. Read More


We show that a proper expression of the uncertainty relations for a pair of canonically-conjugate continuous variables relies on entropy power, a standard notion in Shannon information theory for real-valued signals. The resulting entropy-power uncertainty relation is equivalent to the en- tropic formulation of the uncertainty relation due to Bialynicki-Birula and Mycielski, but can be further extended to rotated variables. Hence, based on a reasonable assumption, we prove a tighter form of the entropy-power uncertainty relation taking correlations into account, and provide extensive numerical evidence of its validity. Read More


For a bipartite quantum system consisting of subsystems A and B it was shown in J. Phys. A: Math. Read More


In this present work, the scattering state solutions of the Spinless Salpeter equation with the Varshni potential model were investigated. The approximate scattering phase shift, normalization constant, bound state energy, wave number and wave function in the asymptotic region were obtained. The behaviour of the phase shift with the two-body mass index {\eta} were discussed and presented. Read More


We report on the occurrence of the focus-focus type of monodromy in an integrable version of the Dicke model. Classical orbits forming a pinched torus represent extreme realizations of the dynamical superradiance phenomenon. Quantum signatures of monodromy appear in lattices of expectation values of various quantities in the Hamiltonian eigenstates and are related to an excited-state quantum phase transition. Read More


The mathematical notion of spectral singularity admits a description in terms of purely outgoing solutions of a corresponding linear wave equation. This leads to a nonlinear generalization of this notion for nonlinearities that are confined in space. We examine the nonlinear spectral singularities in arbitrary TE and TM modes of a mirrorless slab laser that involves a weak Kerr nonlinearity. Read More


Landauer's principle introduces a symmetry between computational and physical processes: erasure of information, a logically irreversible operation, must be underlain by an irreversible transformation dissipating energy. Monitoring micro- and nano-systems needs to enter into the energetic balance of their control; hence, finding the ultimate limits is instrumental to the development of future thermal machines operating at the quantum level. We report on the experimental investigation of a bound to the irreversible entropy associated to generalized quantum measurements on a quantum bit. Read More


Quantum metrology pursues the fundamental enhancement to sensitive measurement on certain physical quantity by using quantum characters. It has been proposed that using entanglement, one may increase the metrology precision from the standard quantum limit (SQL) to the Heisenberg limit (HL). However, previous works showed that the HL is unattainable when the system is exposed to local dephasing noises. Read More


We present a mean-photon-number dependent variational method, which works well in whole coupling regime if the photon energy is dominant over the spin-flipping, to evaluate the properties of the Rabi model for both the ground state and the excited states. For the ground state, it is shown that the previous approximate methods, the generalized rotating-wave approximation (only working well in the strong coupling limit) and the generalized variational method (only working well in the weak coupling limit), can be recovered in the corresponding coupling limits. The key point of our method is to tailor the merits of these two existing methods by introducing a mean-photon-number dependent variational parameter. Read More


We present a method of sensing AC magnetic fields. The method is based on the construction of a robust qubit by the application of continuous driving fields. Specifically, magnetic noise and power fluctuations of the driving fields do not operate within the robust qubit subspace, and hence, robustness to both external and controller noise is achieved. Read More


We provide a description of spontaneous emission in a dispersive and dissipative linear inhomogeneous medium based on the generalized Huttner-Barnett model [Phys. Rev. A 46, 4306 (1992)]. Read More


Several families of one-point interactions are derived from the system consisting of two and three $\delta$-potentials which are regularized by piecewise constant functions. In physical terms such an approximating system represents two or three extremely thin layers separated by some distance. The two-scale squeezing of this heterostructure to one point as both the width of $\delta$-approximating functions and the distance between these functions simultaneously tend to zero is studied using the power parameterization through a squeezing parameter $\varepsilon \to 0$, so that the intensity of each $\delta$-potential is $c_j =a_j \varepsilon^{1-\mu}$, $a_j \in {\mathbb{R}}$, $j=1,2,3$, the width of each layer $l =\varepsilon$ and the distance between the layers $r = c\varepsilon^\tau$, $c >0$. Read More


We study the effect of system reservoir coupling strength on the current flowing through quantum junctions. We consider two simple double quantum dot configurations coupled to two external fermionic reservoirs and calculate the net current flowing between the two reservoirs. The net current is partitioned into currents carried by the eigenstates of the system and by the coherences induced between the states due to coupling with the leads. Read More


We derive a new time-dependent Schr\"odinger equation(TDSE) for quantum models with non-hermitian Hamiltonian. Within our theory, the TDSE is symmetric in the two Hilbert spaces spanned by the left and the right eigenstates, respectively. The physical quantities are also identical in these two spaces. Read More


The aim of this work is to show that particle mechanics, both classical and quantum, Hamiltonian and Lagrangian, can be derived from few simple physical assumptions. Assuming deterministic and reversible time evolution will give us a dynamical system whose set of states forms a topological space and whose law of evolution is a self-homeomorphism. Assuming the system is infinitesimally reducible---specifying the state and the dynamics of the whole system is equivalent to giving the state and the dynamics of its infinitesimal parts---will give us a classical Hamiltonian system. Read More


We study pretty good quantum state transfer (i.e., state transfer that becomes arbitrarily close to perfect) between vertices of graphs with an involution in the presence of an energy potential. Read More


Many proposals for fault-tolerant quantum computation require injection of 'magic states' to achieve a universal set of operations. Some qubit states are above a threshold fidelity, allowing them to be converted into magic states via 'magic state distillation', a process based on stabilizer codes from quantum error correction. We define quantum weight enumerators that take into account the sign of the stabilizer operators. Read More


The statistics of work performed on a system by a sudden random quench is investigated. Considering systems with finite dimensional Hilbert spaces we model a sudden random quench by randomly choosing elements from a Gaussian unitary ensemble (GUE) consisting of hermitean matrices with identically, Gaussian distributed matrix elements. A probability density function (pdf) of work in terms of initial and final energy distributions is derived and evaluated for a two-level system. Read More


We consider cosmological evolution from the perspective of quantum information. We present a quantum circuit model for the expansion of a comoving region of space, in which initially-unentangled ancilla qubits become entangled as expansion proceeds. We apply this model to the comoving region that now coincides with our Hubble volume, taking the number of entangled degrees of freedom in this region to be proportional to the de Sitter entropy. Read More


We study the unidirectional transport of two-particle quantum wavepackets in a regular one-dimensional lattice. We show that the bound-pair state component behaves differently from unbound states when subjected to an external pulsed electric field. Thus, strongly entangled particles exhibit a quite distinct dynamics when compared to a single particle system. Read More


The quantum channel between two particle detectors provides a prototype framework for the study of wireless quantum communication via relativistic quantum fields. In this article we calculate the classical channel capacity between two Unruh-DeWitt detectors arising from couplings within the perturbative regime. To this end, we identify the detector states which achieve maximal signal strength. Read More


In this work we consider the problem of certifying binary observables based on a Bell inequality violation alone, a task known as self-testing of measurements. We introduce a family of commutation-based measures, which encode all the distinct arrangements of two projective observables on a qubit. These quantities by construction take into account the usual limitations of self-testing and since they are `weighted' by the (reduced) state, they automatically deal with rank-deficient reduced density matrices. Read More


Fluctuation Theorems are central in stochastic thermodynamics, as they allow for quantifying the irreversibility of single trajectories. Although they have been experimentally checked in the classical regime, a practical demonstration in the framework of quantum open systems is still to come. Here we propose a realistic platform to probe fluctuation theorems in the quantum regime. Read More


Using "complexity=action" proposal we study complexity growth of certain gravitational theories containing higher derivative terms. These include critical gravity in diverse dimensions. One observes that the complexity growth for neutral black holes saturates the proposed bound when the results are written in terms of physical quantities of the model. Read More


The minimal evolution time between two distinguishable states is of fundamental interest in quantum physics. Very recently Mirkin et al. argue that some most common quantum-speed-limit(QSL) bounds which depend on the actual evolution time do not cleave to the essence of the QSL theory as they grow indefinitely but the final state is reached at a finite time in a damped Jaynes-Cummings(JC) model. Read More


The formation of pulses of surface electromagnetic waves in a metal/dielectric interface is considered in the process of cooperative decay of excitons of quantum dots distributed near a metal surface in a dielectric layer. It is shown that the efficiency of exciton energy transfer to excited plasmons can be increased by selecting the dielectric material with specified values of the complex permittivity. It is found that in the mean field approximation the semiclassical model of formation of plasmon pulses in the system under study is reduced to the pendulum equation with the additional term of nonlinear losses. Read More


Quantum sensors, qubits sensitive to external fields, have become powerful detectors for various small acoustic and electromagnetic fields. A major key to their success have been dynamical decoupling protocols which enhance sensitivity to weak oscillating (AC) signals. Currently, those methods are limited to signal frequencies below a few MHz. Read More


Recently the engineering of the entanglement for photon pairs generated during the spontaneous parametric down conversion process (SPDC) can be achieved via manipulation of pump wavelength behind a \c{hi}(2)-based type II SPDC process [1]. Such effect is used in this paper for demonstration of non-classical dispersion cancellation phenomenon in both local and nonlocal detections, theoretically. The following results are analytically achieved: I) For local detection, if narrow pump laser (highly entangled photons) are used, the dispersive broadening cancelation is directly depends on the degree of entanglement. Read More


From a point of view of classical electrodynamics, the performance of two-dimensional shape-simplified antennae is discussed based upon the shape of naturally designed systems to harvest light. The modular design of nature is found to make the antenna non-reciprocal, hence more efficient. We further explain the reason that the light harvester must be a ring instead of a ball, the function of the notch at the LH1-RC complex, the non-heme iron at the reaction center, the chlorophylls are dielectric instead of conductor, a mechanism to prevent damages from excess sunlight, the functional role played by the long-lasting spectrometric signal observed, and the photon anti-bunching observed. Read More


In a recent paper (arXiv:1701.04298 [quant-ph]) Toro\v{s}, Gro{\ss}ardt and Bassi claim that the potential necessary to support a composite particle in a gravitational field must necessarily cancel the relativistic coupling between internal and external degrees of freedom. As such a coupling is responsible for the gravitational redshift measured in numerous experiments, the above statement is clearly incorrect. Read More


The concept of the polaron in condensed matter physics has been extended to the Rabi model, where polarons resulting from the coupling between a two-level system and single-mode photons represent two oppositely displaced oscillators. Interestingly, tunneling between these two displaced oscillators can induce an anti-polaron, which has not been systematically explored in the literature, especially in the presence of an asymmetric term. In this paper, we present a systematic analysis of the competition between the polaron and anti-polaron under the interplay of the coupling strength and the asymmetric term. Read More


We obtain the solutions of the generic bilinear master equation for a quantum oscillator with constant coefficients in the Gaussian form. The well-behavedness and positive semidefiniteness of the stationary states could be characterized by a three-dimensional Minkowski vector. By requiring the stationary states to satisfy a factorized condition, we obtain a generic class of master equations that includes the well-known ones and their generalizations, some of which are completely positive. Read More


We investigate first- and second-order quantum phase transitions of the anisotropic quantum Rabi model, in which the rotating- and counter-rotating terms are allowed to have different coupling strength. The model interpolates between two known limits with distinct universal properties. Through a combination of analytic and numerical approaches we extract the phase diagram, scaling functions, and critical exponents, which allows us to establish that the universality class at finite? anisotropy is the same as the isotropic limit. Read More


Motivated by the proposal to simulate para-Bose oscillators in a trapped-ion setup [Phys. Rev. A 95, 013820 (2017)], we introduce an overcomplete, nonorthogonal basis for para-Bose Hilbert spaces. Read More


We propose a method to generate path-entangled $N00N$-state photons from quantum dots (QDs) and coupled nanocavities. In the systems we considered, cavity mode frequencies are tuned close to the biexciton two-photon resonance. Under appropriate conditions, the system can have the target $N00N$ state in the energy eigenstate, as a consequence of destructive quantum interference. Read More


Quantum correlations of observables for two particle states have demonstrated the nonlocal character of the quantum mechanics. However nonlocality can be exhibited even for noncommuting observables of a single particle system. In this paper we show nonlocality of position-momentum correlations of a single particle in the double-slit experiment modeled by an initially correlated Gaussian wavepacket. Read More


Quantum coherence, which quantifies the superposition properties of a quantum state, plays an indispensable role in quantum resource theory. A recent theoretical work [Phys. Rev. Read More


We present a self-consistent quantum optics approach to calculating the surface enhanced Raman spectrum of molecules coupled to arbitrarily shaped plasmonic systems. Our treatment is intuitive to use and provides fresh analytical insight into the physics of the Raman scattering near metallic surfaces and can be applied to a wide range of geometries including resonators, waveguides, as well as hybrid photonic-plasmonic systems. Our general theory demonstrates that the detected Raman spectrum originates from an interplay between nonlinear light generation and propagation. Read More


Quantum erasers with paths in the form of physical slits have been studied extensively and proven instrumental in probing wave-particle duality in quantum mechanics. Here we replace physical paths (slits) with abstract paths of orbital angular momentum (OAM). Using spin-orbit hybrid entanglement of photons we show that the OAM content of a photon can be erased with a complimentary polarization projection of one of the entangled pair. Read More


Performing perfect/conclusive quantum state exclusion means to be able to discard with certainty at least one out of n possible quantum state preparations by performing a measurement of the resulting state. When all the preparations correspond to pure states, it is an open problem (see arXiv:1306.4683v3 and arXiv:quant-ph/0206110) whether POVMs give any additional power for this task with respect for projective measurements. Read More


Expressing the Schroedinger Lagrangian ${\cal L}$ in terms of the quantum wavefunction $\psi=\exp(S+{\rm i}I)$ yields the conserved Noether current ${\bf J}=\exp(2S)\nabla I$. When $\psi$ is a stationary state, the divergence of ${\bf J}$ vanishes. One can exchange $S$ with $I$ to obtain a new Lagrangian $\tilde{\cal L}$ and a new Noether current $\tilde{\bf J}=\exp(2I)\nabla S$, conserved under the equations of motion of $\tilde{\cal L}$. Read More


We analyze the stimulated (emission/absorption) interaction of an electron quantum wavepacket with coherent radiation, using perturbation theory and numerical solution of Schrodinger equation. The analysis applies to a wide class of free electron radiative interaction schemes, and exemplified for Smith-Purcell radiation. Though QED theory and experiments indicate that spontaneous emission of radiation by a free electron is independent of its dimensions, we show that wavepacket dimensions do affect the stimulated radiative interaction in a certain range. Read More


Quantum discord refers to an important aspect of quantum correlations for bipartite quantum systems. In our earlier works we have shown that corresponding to every graph (combinatorial) there are quantum states whose properties are reflected in the structure of the corresponding graph. Here, we attempt to develop a graph theoretic study of quantum discord that corresponds to a necessary and sufficient condition of zero quantum discord states which says that the blocks of density matrix corresponding to a zero quantum discord state are normal and commute with each other. Read More


We propose a reformulation of quantum field theory (QFT) as a Lorentz invariant statistical field theory. This rewriting embeds a collapse model within an interacting QFT and thus provides a possible solution to the measurement problem. Additionally, it relaxes structural constraints on standard QFTs and hence might open the way to future mathematically rigorous constructions. Read More


Wave-particle duality is a typical example of Bohr's principle of complementarity that plays a significant role in quantum mechanics. Previous studies used visibility to quantify wave property and used path information to quantify particle property. However, coherence is the core and basis of the interference phenomena of wave. Read More


Understanding how quantum resources can be quantified and distributed over many parties has profound applications in quantum communication. As one of the most intriguing features of quantum mechanics, Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) steering is a useful resource for secure quantum networks. By reconstructing the covariance matrix of a continuous variable four-mode square Gaussian cluster state subject to asymmetric loss, we quantify the amount of bipartite steering with a variable number of modes per party, and verify recently introduced monogamy relations for Gaussian steerability, which establish quantitative constraints on the security of information shared among different parties. Read More