Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons Publications (50)

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Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons Publications

We present an investigation of the multiferroic lacunar spinel compound GeV$_4$S$_8$ using time-domain terahertz spectroscopy. We find three absorptions which either appear or shift at the antiferromagnetic transition temperature, T$_N\sim17K$, as magnetic moments develop on vanadium tetrahedra. Two of these absorptions are interpreted as phonons coupled to the magnetic state and one is interpreted as a magnon. Read More


Ultrafast optical pump - optical probe and optical pump - terahertz probe spectroscopy were performed on vanadium dioxide (VO2) and vanadium sesquioxide (V2O3) thin films over a wide temperature range. A comparison of the experimental data from these two different techniques and two different vanadium oxides, in particular a comparison of the electronic oscillations generated by the photoinduced longitudinal acoustic modulation, reveals the strong electron-phonon coupling that exists in the metallic state of both materials. The low energy Drude response of V2O3 appears more susceptible than VO2 to ultrafast strain control. Read More


Insulating Nb$_3$Cl$_8$ is a layered chloride consisting of two-dimensional triangular layers of $S_{eff}$ = 1/2 Nb$_3$Cl$_{13}$ clusters at room temperature. Magnetic susceptibility measurement show a sharp, hysteretic drop to a temperature independent value below $T = 90$ K. Specific heat measurements show that the transition is first order, with $\Delta S \approx 5\ \mathrm{J \cdot K^{-1} \cdot mol\ \mathit{f. Read More


In magnets with non-collinear spin configuration the expectation value of the conventionally defined spin current operator contains a contribution which renormalizes an external magnetic field and hence affects only the precessional motion of the spin polarization. This term, which has been named angular spin current by Sun and Xie [Phys. Rev B 72, 245305 (2005)], does not describe the translational motion of magnetic moments. Read More


Two aspects of the ambient pressure magnetic structure of heavy fermion material CeRhIn$_5$ have remained under some debate since its discovery: whether the structure is indeed an incommensurate helix or a spin density wave, and what is the precise magnitude of the ordered magnetic moment. By using a single crystal sample optimized for hot neutrons to minimize neutron absorption by Rh and In, here we report an ordered moment of 0.54(2) $\mu_B$. Read More


We develop a unified theoretical picture for excitations in Mott systems, portraying both the heavy quasiparticle excitations and the Hubbard bands as features of an emergent Fermi liquid state formed in an extended Hilbert space, which is non-perturbatively connected to the physical system. This observation sheds light on the fact that even the incoherent excitations in strongly correlated matter often display a well defined Bloch character, with pronounced momentum dispersion. Furthermore, it indicates that the Mott point can be viewed as a topological transition, where the number of distinct dispersing bands displays a sudden change at the critical point. Read More


Variations in growth conditions associated with different deposition techniques can greatly affect the phase stability and defect structure of complex oxide heterostructures. We synthesized superlattices of the paramagnetic metal LaNiO3 and the large band gap insulator LaAlO3 by atomic layer-by-layer molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) and pulsed laser deposition (PLD) and compared their crystallinity, microstructure as revealed by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy images and resistivity. The MBE samples show a higher density of stacking faults, but smoother interfaces and generally higher electrical conductivity. Read More


The electronic states in isolated single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) have been considered as an ideal realization of a Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid (TLL). However, it remains unclear whether one-dimensional correlated states are realized under local environmental effects such as the formation of a bundle structure. Intertube effects originating from other adjacent SWCNTs within a bundle may drastically alter the one-dimensional correlated state. Read More


We have successfully synthesized single crystals of EuNi$_5$As$_3$ using a flux method and we present a comprehensive study of the physical properties using magnetic susceptibility, specific heat, electrical resistivity, thermoelectric power and x-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) measurements. EuNi$_5$As$_3$ undergoes two close antiferromagnetic transitions at respective temperatures of $T_{N1}$ = 7.2 K and $T_{N2}$ = 6. Read More


We explore the $\mathbb{Z}_{N}$ parafermionic clock-model generalisations of the p-wave Majorana wire model. In particular we examine whether zero-mode operators analogous to Majorana zero-modes can be found in these models when one introduces chiral parameters to break time reversal symmetry. The existence of such zero-modes implies $N$-fold degeneracies throughout the energy spectrum. Read More


Time periodic modulations of the transverse field in the closed XY spin-1/2 chain generate a very rich dynamical phase diagram, with a hierarchy of topological phases characterized by differing numbers of Floquet-Majorana modes. We show that this rich phase diagram survives when the system is coupled to dissipative end reservoirs. Circumventing the obstacle of preparing and measuring quasi energy configurations endemic to Floquet-Majorana detection schemes, we show that stroboscopic heat transport and spin density are robust observables to detect both the dynamical phase transitions and Majorana modes. Read More


Inelastic neutron scattering experiment has uncovered a finite thermal Hall conductivity on the frustrated distorted kagom\'e volborthite at nonzero magnetic field with no signal of Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya (DM) spin-orbit interaction. The observed thermal Hall response is attributed to an emergence of nontrivial elementary excitations. However, the origin of the nontrivial topological magnetic excitations and the associated thermal Hall response has not been identified unlike in collinear unfrustrated magnets where it is well established that the DM interaction is the driving force. Read More


Layered perovskite iridates realize a rare class of Mott insulators that are predicted to be strongly spin-orbit coupled analogues of the parent state of cuprate high-temperature superconductors. Recent discoveries of pseudogap, magnetic multipolar ordered and possible $d$-wave superconducting phases in doped Sr$_2$IrO$_4$ have reinforced this analogy among the single layer variants. However, unlike the bilayer cuprates, no electronic instabilities have been reported in the doped bilayer iridate Sr$_3$Ir$_2$O$_7$. Read More


Infinite projected entangled pair states simulations of the $S=1$ bilinear-biquadratic Heisenberg model on the square lattice reveal an emergent Haldane phase in between the previously predicted antiferromagnetic phase and the 3-sublattice 120$^\circ$ magnetically ordered phase. This intermediate phase preserves SU(2) spin and translational symmetry but breaks lattice rotational symmetry, and it can be adiabatically connected to the Haldane phase of decoupled $S=1$ chains. Our results contradict previous studies which found a direct transition between the two magnetically ordered states. Read More


The absence of both spin freezing and of a static Jahn-Teller effect have lead to the proposition that Ba$_3$CuSb$_2$O$_9$ is a quantum spin-orbital liquid. However, theoretical understanding of the microscopic origin of this behavior has been hampered by a lack of consensus on the lattice structure. Cu ions have been proposed to realize either a triangular lattice, a short-range ordered honeycomb lattice or a disordered lattice with stripe-like correlations. Read More


Up to now, investigation of physical properties of ternary and higher nitridometalates was severely hampered by challenges concerning phase purity and crystal size. Employing a modified lithium flux technique, we are now able to prepare sufficiently large single crystals of the highly air and moisture sensitive nitridoferrate Li$_2$Sr[Li$_{1-x}$Fe$_x$N]$_2$ for anisotropic magnetization measurements. The magnetic properties are most remarkable: large anisotropy and coercivity fields of 7\,Tesla at $T = 2$\,K indicate a significant orbital contribution to the magnetic moment of iron. Read More


Energy or quasienergy (QE) band spectra depending on two parameters may have a nontrivial topological characterization by Chern integers. Band spectra of 1D systems that are spanned by just one parameter, a Bloch number, are topologically trivial. Recently, an ensemble of 1D Floquet systems, double kicked rotors (DKRs) depending on an external parameter, has been studied. Read More


We study the Kondo lattice Shastry-Sutherland model with additional Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya(DM) interactions, exploring the possible magnetic phases in its multi-dimensional parameter space. Treating the local moments as classical spins and using a variational ansatz, we identify the parameter ranges over which various common magnetic orderings are potentially stabilized. Our results reveal that the competing interactions result in a heightened susceptibility towards a wide range of spin configurations including longitudinal ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic order, coplanar flux configurations and most interestingly, multiple non-coplanar configurations including a novel canted-Flux state as the different Hamiltonian parameters like electron density, interaction strengths and degree of frustration are varied. Read More


Despite the recent success in the realization of the quantum anomalous Hall effect, the underlying physical mechanism of the long range Ferromagnetism is still unclear. Based on our density functional theory calculations, we discovered an intriguing long-range ferromagnetic order in Cr-doped, carrier-free Bi2Te3, with the separation between dopants more than 8 {\AA}. We found that this magnetic coupling is facilitated by an anti-bonding state originated from the lone pair of a Te 5p state and a Bi 6s state, despite this anti-bonding state lies below the valence band maximum. Read More


Na$_2$IrO$_3$ was one of the first materials proposed to feature the Kane-Mele type topological insulator phase. Contemporaneously it was claimed that the very same material is in a Mott insulating phase which is described by the Kitaev-Heisenberg (KH) model. First experiments indeed revealed Mott insulating behavior in conjunction with antiferromagnetic long-range order. Read More


We use transport and neutron scattering to study the electronic phase diagram and spin excitations of NaFe$_{1-x}$Cu$_x$As single crystals. Similar to Co- and Ni-doped NaFeAs, a bulk superconducting phase appears near $x\approx2\%$ with the suppression of stripe-type magnetic order in NaFeAs. Upon further increasing Cu concentration the system becomes insulating, culminating in an antiferromagnetically ordered insulating phase near $x\approx 50\%$. Read More


Restricted Boltzmann machine (RBM) is one of the fundamental building blocks of deep learning. RBM finds wide applications in dimensional reduction, feature extraction, and recommender systems via modeling the probability distributions of a variety of input data including natural images, speech signals, and customer ratings, etc. We build a bridge between RBM and tensor network states (TNS) widely used in quantum many-body physics research. Read More


We study the universal properties of eigenstate entanglement entropy across the transition between many-body localized (MBL) and thermal phases. We develop an improved real space renormalization group approach that enables numerical simulation of large system sizes and systematic extrapolation to the infinite system size limit. For systems smaller than the correlation length, the average entanglement follows a sub-thermal volume law, whose coefficient is a universal scaling function. Read More


We introduce a toy holographic correspondence based on the multi-scale entanglement renormalization ansatz (MERA) representation of ground states of local Hamiltonians. Given a MERA representation of the ground state of a local Hamiltonian acting on an one dimensional `boundary' lattice, we lift it to a tensor network representation of a quantum state of a dual two dimensional `bulk' hyperbolic lattice. The dual bulk degrees of freedom are associated with the bonds of the MERA, which describe the renormalization group flow of the ground state, and the bulk tensor network is obtained by inserting tensors with open indices on the bonds of the MERA. Read More


A Chern-Simons theory in 3D is accomplished by the so-called $\theta$-term in the action, $(\theta/2)\int F\wedge F$, which contributes only to observable effects on the boundaries of such a system. When electromagnetic radiation interacts with the system, the wave is reflected and its polarization is rotated at the interface, even when both the $\theta$-system and the environment are pure vacuum. These topics have been studied extensively. Read More


The study of localization phenomena - pioneered in Anderson's seminal work on the absence of diffusion in certain random lattices [1] - is receiving redoubled attention in the context of the physics of interacting systems showing many-body localization [2-5]. While in these systems the presence of quenched disorder plays a central role, suggestions for interaction-induced localization in disorder-free systems appeared early in the context of solid Helium [6]. However, all of these are limited to settings having inhomogeneous initial states [7-9]. Read More


Many complex oxides (including titanates, nickelates and cuprates) show a regime in which resistivity follows a power law in temperature ($\rho\propto T^2$). By analogy to a similar phenomenon observed in some metals at low temperature, this has often been attributed to electron-electron (Baber) scattering. We show that Baber scattering results in a $T^2$ power law only under several crucial assumptions which may not hold for complex oxides. Read More


The Heisenberg model for S=1/2 describes the interacting spins of electrons localized on lattice sites due to strong repulsion. It is the simplest strong-coupling model in condensed matter physics with wide-spread applications. Its relevance has been boosted further by the discovery of curate high-temperature superconductors. Read More


We introduce a matrix-product state based method to efficiently obtain dynamical response functions for two-dimensional microscopic Hamiltonians, which we apply to different phases of the Kitaev-Heisenberg model. We find significant broad high energy features beyond spin-wave theory even in the ordered phases proximate to spin liquids. This includes the phase with zig-zag order of the type observed in $\alpha$-RuCl$_3$, where we find high energy features like those seen in inelastic neutron scattering experiments. Read More


Molecular wires of the acene-family can be viewed as a physical realization of a two-rung ladder Hamiltonian. For acene-ladders, closed-shell ab-initio calculations and elementary zone-folding arguments predict incommensurate gap oscillations as a function of the number of repetitive ring units, $N_{\text{R}}$, exhibiting a period of about ten rings. %% Results employing open-shell calculations and a mean-field treatment of interactions suggest anti-ferromagnetic correlations that could potentially open a large gap and wash out the gap oscillations. Read More


We consider the spontaneous formation of striped structures in a holographic model which possesses explicit translational symmetry breaking, dual to an ionic lattice with spatially modulated chemical potential. We focus on the perturbative study of the marginal modes which drive the transition to a phase exhibiting spontaneous stripes. We study the wave-vectors of the instabilities with largest critical temperature in a wide range of backgrounds characterized by the period and the amplitude of the chemical potential modulation. Read More


Recent experiments on quantum criticality in the Ge-substituted heavy-electron material YbRh2Si2 under magnetic field have revealed a possible non-Fermi liquid (NFL) strange metal (SM) state over a finite range of fields at low temperatures, which still remains a puzzle. In the SM region, the zero-field antiferromagnetism is suppressed. Above a critical field, it gives way to a heavy Fermi liquid with Kondo correlation. Read More


Wavefunctions restricted to electron-pair states are promising models to describe static/nondynamic electron correlation effects encountered, for instance, in bond-dissociation processes and transition-metal and actinide chemistry. To reach spectroscopic accuracy, however, the missing dynamic electron correlation effects that cannot be described by electron-pair states need to be included \textit{a posteriori}. In this article, we extend the previously presented perturbation theory models with an Antisymmetric Product of 1-reference orbital Geminal (AP1roG) reference function that allow us to describe both static/nondynamic and dynamic electron correlation effects. Read More


We explore the magnetic phases in a Kondo lattice model on the geometrically frustrated Shastry-Sutherland lattice at metallic electron densities, searching for topologically non-trivial chiral spin textures. Motivated by experimental observations in many rare earth based frustrated metallic magnets, we treat the local moments as classical spins and set the coupling between the itinerant electrons and local moments as the largest energy scale in the problem. Our results show that a canted flux state with non-zero static chirality is stabilized over an extended range of Hamiltonian parameters. Read More


The thermal and electrical transport properties of single-crystalline LaBe$_{13}$ have been investigated by specific-heat ($C$) and electrical-resistivity ($\rho$) measurements. The specific-heat measurements in a wide temperature range revealed the presence of a hump anomaly near 40 K in the $C$($T$)/$T$ curve, indicating that LaBe$_{13}$ has a low-energy Einstein-like-phonon mode with a characteristic temperature of $\sim$ 177 K. In addition, a superconducting transition was observed in the $\rho$ measurements at the transition temperature of 0. Read More


Kitaev's quantum double models, including the toric code, are canonical examples of quantum topological models on a 2D spin lattice. Their Hamiltonian define the groundspace by imposing an energy penalty to any nontrivial flux or charge, but treats any such violation in the same way. Thus, their energy spectrum is very simple. Read More


The interplay between quantum fluctuations and disorder is investigated in a spin-glass model, in the presence of a uniform transverse field $\Gamma$, and a longitudinal random field following a Gaussian distribution with width $\Delta$. The model is studied through the replica formalism. This study is motivated by experimental investigations on the LiHo$_x$Y$_{1-x}$F$_4$ compound, where the application of a transverse magnetic field yields rather intriguing effects, particularly related to the behavior of the nonlinear magnetic susceptibility $\chi_3$, which have led to a considerable experimental and theoretical debate. Read More


We present a simple scheme to evaluate linear response functions including quantum fluctuation corrections on top of the Gutzwiller approximation. The method is derived for a generic multi-band lattice Hamiltonian without any assumption about the dynamics of the variational correlation parameters that define the Gutzwiller wavefunction, and which thus behave as genuine dynamical degrees of freedom that add on those of the variational uncorrelated Slater determinant. We apply the method to the standard half-filled single-band Hubbard model. Read More


We investigate the necessary conditions for the emergence of complex, non-coplanar magnetic configurations in a Kondo lattice model with classical local moments on the geometrically frustrated Shastry-Sutherland lattice, and their evolution in an external magnetic field. We demonstrate that topologically non-trivial spin textures -- including a new canted flux state -- with non-zero scalar chirality arise dynamically from realistic short range interactions. Our results establish that a finite Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya (DM) interaction is necessary for the emergence of these novel magnetic states when the system is at half-filling for which the ground state is insulating. Read More


In a recent manuscript, we showed how an electron pocket in the shape of a diamond with concave sides could potentially explain changes in sign of the Hall coefficient R_H in the underdoped high-Tc cuprates as a function of magnetic field and temperature. For simplicity, this Fermi surface is assumed to be constructed from arcs of a circle connected at vertices which is an idea borrowed from Banik and Overhauser. Such a diamond-shaped pocket is proposed to be the product of biaxial charge-density wave order, which was subsequently confirmed in x-ray scattering experiments. Read More


We analyze the dynamics of the return amplitude following a sudden quench in the three-state quantum Potts chain. For quenches crossing the quantum critical point from the paramagnetic to the ferromagnetic phase, the corresponding rate function is non-analytic at critical times and behaves linearly in their vicinity. In particular, we find no indication of a link between the time evolution close to the critical times and the scaling properties of the quantum critical point in the Potts chain. Read More


One of the biggest puzzles concerning the cuprate high temperature superconductors is what determines the maximum transition temperature (Tc,max), which varies from less than 30 K to above 130 K in different compounds. Despite this dramatic variation, a robust trend is that within each family, the double-layer compound always has higher Tc,max than the single-layer counterpart. Here we use scanning tunneling microscopy to investigate the electronic structure of four cuprate parent compounds belonging to two different families. Read More


Phase transitions in isotropic quantum antiferromagnets are associated with the condensation of bosonic triplet excitations. In three dimensional quantum antiferromagnets, such as TlCuCl$_3$, condensation can be either pressure or magnetic field induced. The corresponding magnetic order obeys universal scaling with thermal critical exponent $\phi$. Read More


Motivated by cold atom and ultra-fast pump-probe experiments we study the melting of long-range antiferromagnetic order of a perfect N\'eel state in a periodically driven repulsive Hubbard model. The dynamics is calculated for a Bethe lattice in infinite dimensions with non-equilibrium dynamical mean-field theory. In the absence of driving melting proceeds differently depending on the quench of the interactions to hopping ratio $U/J_0$ from the atomic limit. Read More


We study the low-temperature behavior of antiferromagnets in two spatial dimensions that are subjected to a magnetic field oriented perpendicular to the staggered magnetization order parameter. The evaluation of the partition function is carried to two-loop order within the systematic effective Lagrangian technique. Low-temperature series that are valid in weak magnetic and staggered fields are derived for the pressure, staggered magnetization, and magnetization. Read More


The magnetic system of the pseudobinary compound Mn$_{1-x}$Co$_{x}$Ge has been studied using small-angle neutron scattering and SQUID-measurements. It is found that Mn$_{1-x}$Co$_{x}$Ge orders magnetically at low temperatures in the whole concentration range of $x \in [0 \div 0.9]$. Read More


I study the experimentally observed metal-to-metal structural phase transition in NaTiO$_2$ using density functional calculations. I do not find the previously proposed low-temperature structure energetically favorable with respect to the high-temperature rhombohedral structure. The calculated phonon dispersions of the rhombohedral phase show dynamical instabilities at several inequivalent parts of the Brillouin zone, including at the wavevector $(\frac{1}{2},\frac{1}{5},\frac{1}{5})$. Read More


We study the family of spin-S quantum spin chains with a nearest neighbor interaction given by the negative of the singlet projection operator. Using a random loop representation of the partition function in the limit of zero temperature and standard techniques of classical statistical mechanics, we prove dimerization for all sufficiently large values of S. Read More


Based on the density matrix renormalization group (DMRG), strongly correlated quantum many-body systems at finite temperatures can be simulated by sampling over a certain class of pure matrix product states (MPS) called minimally entangled typical thermal states (METTS). When a system features symmetries, these can be utilized to substantially reduce MPS computation costs. It is conceptually straightforward to simulate canonical ensembles using symmetric METTS. Read More


Scaling relations are used to study cross-overs, due to anisotropic spin interactions or single ion anisotropy, and due to disorder, in the thermodynamics and correlation functions near quantum-critical transitions. The principal results are simple with a wide range of applications. The region of attraction to the stable anisotropic fixed point in the quantum-critical region is exponentially enhanced by the dynamical critical exponent $z$ compared to the region of attraction to the fixed point in the quantum disordered region. Read More