Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons Publications (50)

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Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons Publications

This review provides a summary of the rich physics expressed within SrTiO$_3$-based heterostructures and nanostructures. The intended audience is researchers who are working in the field of oxides, but also those with different backgrounds (e.g. Read More


We have investigated the low temperature quadrupolar phenomena of the non-Kramers system PrRh2Zn20 under magnetic fields in the [100] and [110] directions. Our experiments reveal the B-T phase diagram of PrRh2Zn20 involving four electronic states regardless of the field direction, namely, a non-Fermi liquid (NFL) state, an antiferro-quadrupolar (AFQ) ordered state, a novel heavy-fermion (HF) state, and a field-induced singlet (FIS) state. In the wide range of the NFL state, the resistivity can be well scaled by a characteristic temperature, suggesting the realization of the quadrupole Kondo effect. Read More


We present the results of resonant x-ray scattering measurements and electronic structure calculations on the monoarsenide FeAs. We elucidate details of the magnetic structure, showing the ratio of ellipticity of the spin helix is larger than previously thought, at 2.58(3), and reveal both a right-handed chirality and an out of plane component of the magnetic moments in the spin helix. Read More


We consider a strongly interacting quantum dot connected to two leads held at quite different temperatures. Our aim is to study the behavior of the Kondo effect in the presence of large thermal biases. We use three different approaches, namely, a perturbation theory via the Kondo Hamiltonian, a slave-boson mean-field model of the Anderson model at large charging energies and a truncated equation-of-motion approach beyond the Hartree-Fock approximation. Read More


Interacting fermions on a lattice can develop strong quantum correlations, which lie at the heart of the classical intractability of many exotic phases of matter. Seminal efforts are underway in the control of artificial quantum systems, that can be made to emulate the underlying Fermi-Hubbard models. Electrostatically confined conduction band electrons define interacting quantum coherent spin and charge degrees of freedom that allow all-electrical pure-state initialisation and readily adhere to an engineerable Fermi-Hubbard Hamiltonian. Read More


In the quasi-1D heavy-fermion system YbNi$_4$(P$_{1-x}$As$_x$)$_2$ the presence of a ferromagnetic (FM) quantum critical point (QCP) at \xc\ $\approx 0.1$ with unconventional quantum critical exponents in the thermodynamic properties has been recently reported. Here, we present muon-spin relaxation ($\mu$SR) experiments on polycrystals of this series to study the magnetic order and the low energy 4$f$-electronic spin dynamics across the FM QCP. Read More


Quantum spin ice, modeled for magnetic rare-earth pyrochlores, has attracted great interest for hosting a U(1) quantum spin liquid, which involves spin-ice monopoles as gapped deconfined spinons as well as gapless excitations analogous to photons. However, the fate of these monopoles and photons under a [111] magnetic field remains open. In the classical case, a weak field aligns the spins on triangular-lattice layers, producing kagom\'e spin ice with a 2/3 magnetization plateau. Read More


In $TmB_4$, localized electrons with a large magnetic moment interact with metallic electrons in boron-derived bands. We examine the nature of $TmB_4$ using full-relativistic ab-initio density functional theory calculations, approximate tight-binding Hamiltonian results, and the development of an effective Kondo-Ising model for this system. Features of the Fermi surface relating to the anisotropic conduction of charge are discussed. Read More


We study the spontaneous breaking of rotational symmetry in the helical surface state of three-dimensional topological insulators due to strong electron-electron interactions, focusing on time-reversal invariant nematic order. Owing to the strongly spin-orbit coupled nature of the surface state, the nematic order parameter is linear in the electron momentum and necessarily involves the electron spin, in contrast with spin-degenerate nematic Fermi liquids. For a chemical potential at the Dirac point (zero doping), we find a first-order phase transition at zero temperature between isotropic and nematic Dirac semimetals. Read More


We study the behaviour of the Uhlmann connection in systems of fermions undergoing phase transitions. In particular, we analyse some of the paradigmatic cases of topological insulators and superconductors in dimension one, as well as the BCS theory of superconductivity in three dimensions. We show that the Uhlmann connection signals phase transitions in which the eigenbasis of the state of the system changes. Read More


Muon spin relaxation ($\mu$SR) measurements were carried out on SrDy$_2$O$_4$, a frustrated magnet featuring short range magnetic correlations at low temperatures. Zero-field muon spin depolarization measurements demonstrate that fast magnetic fluctuations are present from $T=300$ K down to 20 mK. The coexistence of short range magnetic correlations and fluctuations at $T=20$ mK indicates that SrDy$_2$O$_4$ features a spin liquid ground state. Read More


Cooling oxygen-deficient strontium titanate to liquid-helium temperature leads to a decrease in its electrical resistivity by several orders of magnitude. The temperature dependence of resistivity follows a rough T$^{3}$ behavior before becoming T$^{2}$ in the low-temperature limit, as expected in a Fermi liquid. Here, we show that the roughly cubic resistivity above 100K corresponds to a regime where the quasi-particle mean-free-path is shorter than the electron wave-length and the interatomic distance. Read More


We derive a new time-dependent Schr\"odinger equation(TDSE) for quantum models with non-hermitian Hamiltonian. Within our theory, the TDSE is symmetric in the two Hilbert spaces spanned by the left and the right eigenstates, respectively. The physical quantities are also identical in these two spaces. Read More


Unlike the hole-doped cuprates, both nodal and nodeless superconductivity (SC) are observed in the electron-doped cuprates. To understand these two types of SC states, we propose a unified theory by considering the two-dimensional t-J model in proximity to an antiferromagnetic (AF) long-range ordering state. Within the slave-fermion mean-field approximation, the d-wave pairing symmetry is still the most energetically favorable even in the presence of the external AF field. Read More


Electron correlation effects are essential in $5d$ perovskite iridiates due to the strong spin-orbit coupling on Ir atoms. Recent experiments discovered possible hidden order in the parent antiferromagnetic (AF) insulator Sr$_2$IrO$_4$, the bulk electron doped paramagnetic (PM) metal Sr$_{2-x}$La$_x$IrO$_4$ with Fermi surface pockets, and a Fermi arc pseudogap under surface electron doping. Here, we provide a description of these highly spin-orbit entangled electronic states by studying correlation and disorder effects in a five-orbital model derived from the band theory. Read More


We analyze in detail the global symmetries of various (2+1)d quantum field theories and couple them to classical background gauge fields. A proper identification of the global symmetries allows us to consider all non-trivial bundles of those background fields, thus finding more subtle observables. The global symmetries exhibit interesting 't Hooft anomalies. Read More


Bulk sensitive hard x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy data of the Ce 3$p$ core level of CeRu$_4$Sn$_6$ are presented. Using a combination of full multiplet and configuration iteration model we were able to obtain an accurate lineshape analysis of the data, thereby taking into account correlations for the strong plasmon intensities. We conclude that CeRu$_4$Sn$_6$ is a moderately mixed valence compound with a weight of 8% for the Ce $f^0$ configuration in the ground state. Read More


This article discusses the relationship between emergence and reductionism from the perspective of a condensed matter physicist. Reductionism and emergence play an intertwined role in the everyday life of the physicist, yet we rarely stop to contemplate their relationship: indeed, the two are often regarded as conflicting world-views of science. I argue that in practice, they compliment one-another, forming an awkward alliance in a fashion envisioned by the Renaissance scientist, Francis Bacon. Read More


We report a detailed study of the magnetization modulus as a function of temperature and applied magnetic field under varying angle in Sr$_{4}$Ru$_{3}$O$_{10}$ close to the metamagnetic transition at $H_{c}\backsimeq 2.5\,$T for $H \perp c$. We confirm that the double-feature at $H_{c}$ is robust without further splitting for temperatures below 1. Read More


The electronic properties of single-layer antimony are studied by a combination of first-principles and tight-binding methods. The band structure obtained from relativistic density functional theory is used to derive an analytic tight-binding model that offers an efficient and accurate description of single-particle electronic states in a wide spectral region up to the mid-UV. The strong ($\lambda=0. Read More


Polycrystalline Mn 5 Ge 3 thin films were produced on SiO 2 using magnetron sputtering and reactive diffusion (RD) or non-diffusive reaction (NDR). In situ X-ray diffraction and atomic force microscopy were used to determine the layer structures, and magnetic force microscopy, superconducting quantum interference device and ferromagnetic resonance were used to determine their magnetic properties. RD-mediated layers exhibit similar magnetic properties as MBE-grown monocrystalline Mn 5 Ge 3 thin films, while NDR-mediated layers show magnetic properties similar to monocrystalline C-doped Mn 5 Ge 3 C x thin films with $0. Read More


We generate a crystal of skyrmions in two dimensions using a Heisenberg Hamiltonian including the ferromagnetic interaction J, the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction D, and an applied magnetic field H. The ground state (GS) is determined by minimizing the interaction energy. We show that the GS is a skyrmion crystal in a region of (D, H). Read More


Superconductivity and magnetism are mutually exclusive in most alloys and elements, so it is striking that superconductivity emerges around a magnetic quantum critical point (QCP) in many strongly correlated electron systems (SCES). In the latter case superconductivity is believed to be unconventional and directly influenced by the QCP. However, experimentally unconventional superconductivity has neither been established nor directly been linked to any mechanism of the QCP. Read More


The hallmark of a skyrmion crystal (SkX) is the topological Hall effect (THE). In this Article, we predict and explain an unconventional behavior of the topological Hall conductivity in SkXs. In simple terms, the spin texture of the skyrmions causes an inhomogeneous emergent magnetic field whose associated Lorentz force acts on the electrons. Read More


We describe a two-orbital tight-binding model with bases belonging to the $\Gamma_8$ quartet. The model captures several characteristics of the Fermiology unravelled by the recent angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopic (ARPES) measurements on cerium hexaboride CeB$_6$ samples cleaved along different high-symmetry crystallographic directions, which includes the ellipsoid-like Fermi surfaces (FSs) with major axes directed along $\Gamma$-X. We calculate various multipolar susceptibilities within the model and identify the susceptibility that shows the strongest divergence in the presence of standard onsite Coulomb interactions and discuss it's possible implication and relevance with regard to the signature of strong ferromagnetic correlations existent in various phases as shown by the recent experiments. Read More


The established spin splitting in monolayer (ML) of transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) that is caused by inversion symmetry breaking is dictated by mirror symmetry operations to exhibit fully out-of-plane direction of spin polarization. Through first-principles density functional theory calculations, we show that polarity-induced mirror symmetry breaking leads to new sizable spin splitting having in-plane spin polarization. These splittings are effectively controlled by tuning the polarity using biaxial strain. Read More


We address the problem of a lightly doped spin-liquid through a large-scale density-matrix renormalization group (DMRG) study of the $t$-$J$ model on a Kagome lattice with a small but non-zero concentration, $\delta$, of doped holes. It is now widely accepted that the undoped ($\delta=0$) spin 1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet has a spin-liquid groundstate. Theoretical arguments have been presented that light doping of such a spin-liquid could give rise to a high temperature superconductor or an exotic topological Fermi liquid metal (FL$^\ast$). Read More


We analyze the pressure-induced metal-insulator transition in a two-dimensional vertical stack of $H_2$ molecules in x-y plane, and show that it represents a striking example of the Mott-Hubbard-type transition. Our combined exact diagonalization approach, formulated and solved in the second quantization formalism, includes also simultaneous ab initio readjustment of the single-particle wave functions, contained in the model microscopic parameters. The system is studied as a function of applied side force (generalized pressure), both in the $H_2$-molecular and $H$-quasiatomic states. Read More


The bilayered member of the Ruddesden-Popper family of ruthenates, Sr$_3$Ru$_2$O$_7$, has received an increasing attention due to its interesting properties and phases. By using first principle calculations we find that the ground-state is characterized by a ferromagnetic (FM) half-metallic state. This state strongly competes with an antiferromagnetic metallic phase, which indicates the possible presence of a particular state characterized by the existence of different magnetic domains. Read More


Integrable models support elementary excitations with infinite lifetimes. In the spin-1/2 Heisenberg chain these are known as spinons. We consider the stability of spinons when a weak integrability breaking perturbation is added to the Heisenberg chain in a magnetic field. Read More


I critically examine Goodenough's explanation for the experimentally observed phase transition in LiVO$_2$ using microscopic calculations based on density functional and dynamical mean field theories. The high-temperature rhombohedral phase exhibits both magnetic and dynamical instabilities. Allowing a magnetic solution for the rhombohedral structure does not open an insulating gap, and an explicit treatment of the on-site Coulomb $U$ interaction is needed to stabilize an insulating rhombohedral phase. Read More


We use the poor man's scaling approach to study the phase boundaries of a pair of quantum impurity models featuring a power-law density of states $\rho(\omega)\propto|\omega|^r$ that gives rise to quantum phase transitions between local-moment and Kondo-screened phases. For the Anderson model with a pseudogap (i.e. Read More


We study quantum spin Hall insulators with local Coulomb interactions in the presence of boundaries using dynamical mean field theory. We investigate the different influence of the Coulomb interaction on the bulk and the edge states. Interestingly, we discover an edge reconstruction driven by electronic correlations. Read More


We devise an approach to the calculation of scaling dimensions of generic operators describing scattering within multi-channel Luttinger liquid. The local impurity scattering in an arbitrary configuration of conducting and insulating channels is investigated and the problem is reduced to a single algebraic matrix equation. In particular, the solution to this equation is found for a finite array of chains described by Luttinger liquid models. Read More


Diffusion quantum Monte Carlo calculations with partial and full optimization of the guide function are carried out for the dissociation of the FeS molecule. It is demonstrated that agreement with experiment is obtained only after energy optimization of the orbitals of a complete active space wave function in the presence of a Jastrow correlation function. Furthermore, it is shown that orbital optimization leads to a $^5\Delta$ ground state, in agreement with experiments, but in disagreement with high-level ab initio calculations predicting a $^5\Sigma^+$ ground state. Read More


Employing a 10-orbital tight binding model, we present a new set of hopping parameters fitted directly to our latest high resolution angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) data for the high temperature tetragonal phase of FeSe. Using these parameters we predict a large 10 meV shift of the chemical potential as a function of temperature. In order to confirm this large temperature dependence, we performed ARPES experiments on FeSe and observed a $\sim$25 meV rigid shift to the chemical potential between 100 K and 300 K. Read More


Obtaining strong magnetoelectric couplings in bulk materials and heterostructures is an ongoing challenge. We demonstrate that manganite heterostructures of the form ${\rm (Insulator)/(LaMnO_3)_n/(CaMnO_3)_n/(Insulator)}$ show strong multiferroicity in magnetic manganites where ferroelectric polarization is realized by charges leaking from ${\rm LaMnO_3}$ to ${\rm CaMnO_3}$ due to repulsion. Here, an effective nearest-neighbor electron-electron (electron-hole) repulsion (attraction) is generated by cooperative electron-phonon interaction. Read More


The ground state magnetic response of fullerene molecules with up to 36 vertices is calculated, when spins classical or with magnitude $s=\frac{1}{2}$ are located on their vertices and interact according to the nearest-neighbor antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model. The frustrated topology, which originates in the pentagons of the fullerenes and is enchanced by their close proximity, leads to a significant number of classical magnetization and susceptibility discontinuities, something not expected for a model lacking magnetic anisotropy. This establishes the classical discontinuities as a generic feature of fullerene molecules irrespective of their symmetry. Read More


Subjecting a many-body localized system to a time-periodic drive generically leads to delocalization and a transition to ergodic behavior if the drive is sufficiently strong or of sufficiently low frequency. Here we show that a specific drive can have an opposite effect, taking a static delocalized system into the MBL phase. We demonstrate this effect using a one dimensional system of interacting hardcore bosons subject to an oscillating linear potential. Read More


Quantum integrable systems, such as the interacting Bose gas in one dimension and the XXZ quantum spin chain, have an extensive number of local conserved quantities that endow them with exotic thermalization and transport properties. We review recently introduced hydrodynamic approaches for such integrable systems in detail and extend them to finite times and arbitrary initial conditions. We then discuss how such methods can be applied to describe non-equilibrium steady states involving ballistic heat and spin currents. Read More


When an ordered spin system of a given dimensionality undergoes a second order phase transition the dependence of the order parameter i.e. magnetization on temperature can be well-described by thermal excitations of elementary collective spin excitations (magnons). Read More


We report the complex dielectric function of the quasi-one-dimensional chalcogenide Ta$_2$NiSe$_5$, which exhibits a structural phase transition that has been attributed to exciton condensation below $T_c = 326$ K, and of the isostructural Ta$_2$NiS$_5$ which does not exhibit such a transition. Using spectroscopic ellipsometry, we have detected exciton doublets with pronounced Fano lineshapes in both the compounds. The exciton Fano resonances in Ta$_2$NiSe$_5$ display an order of magnitude higher intensity than those in Ta$_2$NiS$_5$. Read More


A classification of SU(2)-invariant Projected Entangled Paired States (PEPS) on the square lattice, based on a unique site tensor, has been recently introduced by Mambrini et al. (2016). It is not clear whether such SU(2)-invariant PEPS can either i) exhibit long-range magnetic order (like in the N\'eel phase) or ii) describe a genuine Quantum Critical Point (QCP) separating two ordered phases. Read More


The free fermion nature of interacting spins in one dimensional (1D) spin chains still lacks a rigorous study. In this letter we show that the length-$1$ spin strings significantly dominate critical properties of spinons, magnons and free fermions in the 1D antiferromagnetic spin-1/2 chain. Using the Bethe ansatz solution we analytically calculate exact scaling functions of thermal and magnetic properties of the model, providing a rigorous understanding of the quantum criticality of spinons. Read More


We study the response of the one-dimensional charge density wave in K0.3MoO3 to different types of excitation with femtosecond optical pulses. We compare the response to direct excitation of the lattice at mid-infrared frequencies with that to the injection of quasi-particles across the low-energy charge density wave gap and to charge transfer excitations in the near infrared. Read More


We extend our work on entanglement propagation following a local quench in 2+1 dimensional holographic conformal field theories. We find that entanglement propagates along an emergent lightcone, whose speed of propagation $v_E$ seems distinct from other measures of quantum information spreading. We compare the relations we find to information and hydrodynamic velocities in strongly coupled 2+1 dimensional theories. Read More


We show that a quantum phase transition, generating flat bands and altering Fermi surface topology, is a primary reason for the exotic behavior of the overdoped high-temperature superconductors, whose superconductivity features differ from what is predicted by the classical Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer theory. We demonstrate that 1) at temperature $T=0$, the superfluid density $n_s$ turns out to be considerably smaller than the total density of the electrons; 2) the critical temperature $T_c$ is controlled by $n_s$ rather than by doping, and is a linear function of the $n_s$; 3) at $T>T_c$ the resistivity $\rho(T)$ varies linearly with temperature, $\rho(T)\propto \alpha T$, where $\alpha$ diminishes with $T_c\to 0$, while in the "normal" region induced by overdoping, with $T_c=0$, $\rho(T)\propto T^2$. Our results are in good agreement with recent experimental observations. Read More


Special gravity refers to interacting theories of massless gravitons in Minkowski space-time which are invariant under the abelian gauge invariance $h_{ab}\rightarrow h_{ab}+\partial_{(a}\chi_{b)}$ only. In this article we determine the most general form of special gravity free of Ostrogradski ghosts, meaning its equation of motion is of at most second order. Together with the recent works, this result could be helpful in formulating proofs of General Relativity as the unique physical theory of self-interacting massless gravitons. Read More


The magnetization process of single crystals of the metallic kagom\'e ferromagnet Co3Sn2S2 was carefully measured via magnetization and AC susceptibility. Field-dependent anomalous transitions in the magnetization indicate a low-field unconventionally ordered phase stabilized just below TC. The magnetic phase diagrams in applied fields along different crystallographic directions were determined. Read More


We employ a recently developed computational many-body technique to study for the first time the half-filled Anderson-Hubbard model at finite temperature and arbitrary correlation ($U$) and disorder ($V$) strengths. Interestingly, the narrow zero temperature metallic range induced by disorder from the Mott insulator expands with increasing temperature in a manner resembling a quantum critical point. Our study of the resistivity temperature scaling $T^{\alpha}$ for this metal reveals non Fermi liquid characteristics. Read More