Physics - Statistical Mechanics Publications (50)


Physics - Statistical Mechanics Publications

Quantum integrable models display a rich variety of non-thermal excited states with unusual properties. The most common way to probe them is by performing a quantum quench, i.e. Read More

We show that the physical mechanism for the equilibration of closed quantum systems is dephasing, and identify the energy scales that determine the equilibration timescale of a given observable. For realistic physical systems (e.g those with local Hamiltonians), our arguments imply timescales that do not increase with the system size, in contrast to previously known upper bounds. Read More

Many amorphous materials show spatially heterogenous dynamics, as different regions of the same system relax at different rates. Such a signature, known as Dynamic Heterogeneity, has been crucial to understand the jamming transition in simple model systems and, currently, is considered very promising to characterize more complex fluids of industrial and biological relevance. Unfortunately, measurements of dynamic heterogeneities typically require sophysticated experimental set-ups and are performed by few specialized groups. Read More

Driven-dissipative systems in two dimensions can differ substantially from their equilibrium counterparts. In particular, a dramatic loss of off-diagonal algebraic order and superfluidity has been predicted to occur due to the interplay between coherent dynamics and external drive and dissipation in the thermodynamic limit. We show here that the order adopted by the system can be substantially altered by a simple, experimentally viable, tuning of the driving process. Read More

We investigate the appearance of trapping states in pedestrian flows through bottlenecks as a result of the interplay between the geometry of the system and the microscopic stochastic dynamics. We model the flow trough a bottleneck via a Zero Range Process on a one dimensional periodic lattice. Particle are removed from the lattice sites with rates proportional to the local occupation numbers. Read More

Heat is a complex quantity to measure in stochastic systems because it requires extremely small sampling timesteps. Unfortunately this is not always possible in real experiment, mainly because of the technical limits of the setup. To overcome this difficulty a Simpson-like quadrature scheme was suggested in [\emph{Phil. Read More

We report on the dynamics of thermalization by extending a generalization of the Caldeira-Leggett model, developed in the context of cold atomic gases confined in a harmonic trap, to higher dimensions. Universal characteristics en route to thermalization which appear to be independent of dimensionality are highlighted, which additionally suggest a scaling analogous to turbulent mixing in fluid dynamics. We then focus on features dependent on dimensionality, with particular regard to the role of angular momentum of the two atomic clouds, having in mind the goal of efficient thermalization between the two species. Read More

We relate the breakdown of equations of states for the mechanical pressure of generic dry active systems to the lack of momentum conservation in such systems. We show how sources and sinks of momentum arise generically close to confining walls. These typically depend on the interactions of the container with the particles, which makes the mechanical pressure a container-dependent quantity. Read More

We study the problem of approximating the partition function of the ferromagnetic Ising model in graphs and hypergraphs. Our first result is a deterministic approximation scheme (an FPTAS) for the partition function in bounded degree graphs that is valid over the entire range of parameters $\beta$ (the interaction) and $\lambda$ (the external field), except for the case $\vert{\lambda}\vert=1$ (the "zero-field" case). A randomized algorithm (FPRAS) for all graphs, and all $\beta,\lambda$, has long been known. Read More

Using the three-dimensional three-state Potts model, which has the same Z(3) global symmetry as that of the QCD system, we study the sign distribution of generalized susceptibilities in the whole phase plane, and the fluctuations of generalized susceptibilities nearby the phase transition line. The sign change and non-monotonic fluctuations are observable in a small area nearby the phase transition line. A bit further away from the phase transition line, the sign of odd-order susceptibility is opposite in the symmetry (disorder) and broken (order) phases, and that of the even-order one is the same positive in the two phases. Read More

One of the main questions of research on quantum many-body systems following unitary out of equilibrium dynamics is to find out how local expectation values equilibrate in time. For non-interacting models, this question is rather well understood. However, the best known bounds for general quantum systems are vastly crude, scaling unfavorable with the system size. Read More

Physical systems differing in their microscopic details often display strikingly similar behaviour when probed at low energies. Those universal properties, largely determining their physical characteristics, are revealed by the powerful renormalization group (RG) procedure, which systematically retains "slow" degrees of freedom and integrates out the rest. However, the important degrees of freedom may be difficult to identify. Read More

We study numerically and analytically the quench dynamics of isolated many-body quantum systems out of equilibrium. Using full random matrices from the Gaussian orthogonal ensemble, we obtain analytical expressions for the evolution of the survival probability, density imbalance, and out-of-time-ordered correlator. They are compared with numerical results for a one-dimensional disordered model with two-body interactions and shown to bound the decay rate of this realistic system. Read More

Artificially synthesized Janus particles have tremendous prospective as in-vivo drug-delivery agents due to the possibility of self-propulsion by external stimuli. Here we report the first ever computational study of translational and rotational motion of self-propelled Janus tracers in a het- erogeneous polymeric environment. The presence of polymers makes the translational mean square displacement (MSD) of the Janus tracer to grow very slowly as compared to that of a free Janus tracer, but surprisingly the mean square angular displacement (MSAD) is significantly increased as observed in a recent experiment. Read More

In this work we study how a viral capsid can change conformation using techniques of Large Deviations Theory for stochastic differential equations. The viral capsid is a model of a complex system in which many units - the proteins forming the capsomers - interact by weak forces to form a structure with exceptional mechanical resistance. The destabilization of such a structure is interesting both per se, since it is related either to infection or maturation processes, and because it yields insights into the stability of complex structures in which the constitutive elements interact by weak attractive forces. Read More

The physical analysis of generic phase coexistence in the North-East-Center Toom model was originally given by Bennett and Grinstein. The gist of their argument relies on the dynamics of interfaces and droplets. We revisit the same question for a specific totally asymmetric kinetic Ising model on the square lattice. Read More

The effect of spatial localization of states in distributed parameter systems under frozen parametric disorder is well known as the Anderson localization and thoroughly studied for the Schr\"odinger equation and linear dissipation-free wave equations. Some similar (or mimicking) phenomena can occur in dissipative systems such as the thermal convection ones. Specifically, many of these dissipative systems are governed by a modified Kuramoto-Sivashinsky equation, where the frozen spatial disorder of parameters has been reported to lead to excitation of localized patterns. Read More

We study stochastic thermodynamics for a quantum system of interest whose dynamics are described by a completely positive trace preserving (CPTP) map due to its interaction with a thermal bath. We define CPTP maps with equilibrium as CPTP maps with an invariant state such that the entropy production due to the action of the map on the invariant state vanishes. Thermal maps are a subgroup of CPTP maps with equilibrium. Read More

The ground state of the spin-$1/2$ Heisenberg antiferromagnet on a distorted triangular lattice is studied using a numerical-diagonalization method. The network of interactions is the $\sqrt{3}\times\sqrt{3}$ type; the interactions are continuously controlled between the undistorted triangular lattice and the dice lattice. We find new states between the nonmagnetic 120-degree-structured state of the undistorted triangular case and the up-up-down state of the dice case. Read More

We formulate multiple Schramm-Loewner evolutions (SLEs) for coset Wess-Zumino-Witten (WZW) models. The resultant SLEs may describe the critical behavior of multiple interfaces for the 2D statistical mechanics models whose critical properties are classified by coset WZW models. The SLEs are essentially characterized by multiple Brownian motions on a Lie group manifold as well as those on the real axis. Read More

We study triangulated surface models with nontrivial surface metrices for membranes. The surface model is defined by a mapping ${\bf r}$ from a two dimensional parameter space $M$ to the three dimensional Euclidean space ${\bf R}^3$. The metric variable $g_{ab}$, which is always fixed to the Euclidean metric $\delta_{ab}$, can be extended to a more general non-Euclidean metric on $M$ in the continuous model. Read More

We consider a one-dimensional random walk (RW) with a continuous and symmetric jump distribution, $f(\eta)$, characterized by a L\'evy index $\mu \in (0,2]$, which includes standard random walks ($\mu=2$) and L\'evy flights ($0<\mu<2$). We study the survival probability, $q(x_0,n)$, representing the probability that the RW stays non-negative up to step $n$, starting initially at $x_0 \geq 0$. Our main focus is on the $x_0$-dependence of $q(x_0,n)$ for large $n$. Read More

We investigate the dynamics of a greedy forager that moves by random walking in an environment where each site initially contains one unit of food. Upon encountering a food-containing site, the forager eats all the food there and can subsequently hop an additional $\mathcal{S}$ steps without food before starving to death. Upon encountering an empty site, the forager goes hungry and comes one time unit closer to starvation. Read More

Machine learning is capable of discriminating phases of matter, and finding associated phase transitions, directly from large data sets of raw state configurations. In the context of condensed matter physics, most progress in the field of supervised learning has come from employing neural networks as classifiers. Although very powerful, such algorithms suffer from a lack of interpretability, which is usually desired in scientific applications in order to associate learned features with physical phenomena. Read More

Maximum likelihood estimation (MLE) is one of the most important methods in machine learning, and the expectation-maximization (EM) algorithm is often used to obtain maximum likelihood estimates. However, EM heavily depends on initial configurations and fails to find the global optimum. On the other hand, in the field of physics, quantum annealing (QA) was proposed as a novel optimization approach. Read More

We are concerned with the dynamical description of the motion of a stochastic micro-swimmer with constant speed and fluctuating orientation in the long time limit by adiabatic elimination of the orientational variable. Starting with the corresponding full set of Langevin equations, we eliminate the memory in the stochastic orientation and obtain a stochastic equation for the position alone in the overdamped limit. An equivalent procedure based on the Fokker-Planck equation is presented as well. Read More

Dynamical equations in generalized hydrodynamics (GHD), a hydrodynamic theory for integrable quantum systems at the Euler scale, take a rather simple form, even though an infinite number of conserved charges are taken into account. We show a remarkable quantum-classical equivalence: we demonstrate the equivalence between the equations of GHD, and the Euler-scale hydrodynamic equations of a new family of classical gases which generalize the gas of hard rods. In this family, the "quasi-particles", upon colliding, jump forward or backward by a distance that depends on their velocities, generalizing the jump forward by the rods' length of the fixed-velocity tracer upon elastic collision of two hard rods. Read More

We study work extraction (defined as the difference between the initial and the final energy) in noninteracting and (effectively) weakly interacting isolated fermionic quantum lattice systems in one dimension, which undergo a sequence of quenches and equilibration. The systems are divided in two parts, which we identify as the subsystem of interest and the bath. We extract work by quenching the on-site potentials in the subsystem, letting the entire system equilibrate, and returning to the initial parameters in the subsystem using a quasi-static process (the bath is never acted upon). Read More

We discuss dynamical response functions near quantum critical points, allowing for both a finite temperature and detuning by a relevant operator. When the quantum critical point is described by a conformal field theory (CFT), conformal perturbation theory and the operator product expansion can be used to fix the first few leading terms at high frequencies. Knowledge of the high frequency response allows us then to derive non-perturbative sum rules. Read More

We introduce and solve exactly a class of interacting particle systems in one dimension where particles hop asymmetrically. In its simplest form, namely asymmetric zero range process (AZRP), particles hop on a one dimensional periodic lattice with asymmetric hop rates; the rates for both right and left moves depend only on the occupation at the departure site but their functional forms are different. We show that AZRP leads to a factorized steady state (FSS) when its rate-functions satisfy certain constraints. Read More

This paper outlines a methodological approach to generate adaptive agents driving themselves near points of criticality. Using a synthetic approach we construct a conceptual model that, instead of specifying mechanistic requirements to generate criticality, exploits the maintenance of an organizational structure capable of reproducing critical behavior. Our approach captures the well-known principle of universality that classifies critical phenomena inside a few universality classes of systems without relying on specific mechanisms or topologies. Read More

The thesis focuses on the prediction of solvation thermodynamics using integral equation theories. Our main goal is to improve the approach using a rational correction. We achieve it by extending recently introduced pressure correction, and rationalizing it in the context of solvation entropy. Read More

We consider a quasi-static quantum Otto cycle using two effectively two-level systems with degeneracy in the excited state. The systems are coupled through isotropic exchange interaction of strength $J>0$, in the presence of an external magnetic field $B$ which is varied during the cycle. We prove the positive work condition, and derive an upper bound for the efficiency of the cycle. Read More

We present high statistics simulation data for the average time $\langle T_{\rm cover}(L)\rangle$ that a random walk needs to cover completely a 2-dimensional torus of size $L\times L$. They confirm the mathematical prediction that $\langle T_{\rm cover}(L)\rangle \sim (L \ln L)^2$ for large $L$, but the prefactor seems to {\it deviate significantly} (by more than 20 standard deviations, when using the most straightforward extrapolation) from the supposedly exact result $4/\pi$ derived by A. Dembo {\it et al. Read More

We investigate the partition function zeros of the two-dimensional p-state clock model in the complex temperature plane by using the Wang-Landau sampling of the density of states. We find that at the higher-temperature transition, the leading Fisher zeros fall on a common trajectory when $p \ge 6$ that agrees with the behavior in the $XY$ limit. On the other hand, the behavior of the leading zeros of $p=5$ differs from that of the larger $p$, although with ambiguity due to the small system sizes accessible. Read More

We systematically investigate scrambling (or delocalizing) processes of quantum information encoded in quantum many-body systems by using numerical exact diagonalization. As a measure of scrambling, we adopt the tripartite mutual information (TMI) that becomes negative when quantum information is delocalized. We clarify that scrambling is an independent property of integrability of Hamiltonians; TMI can be negative or positive for both integrable and non-integrable systems. Read More

We study a generalization of site percolation on a simple cubic lattice, where not only single sites are removed randomly, but also entire parallel columns of sites. We show that typical clusters near the percolation transition are very anisotropic, with different scaling exponents for the sizes parallel and perpendicular to the columns. Below the critical point there is a Griffiths phase where cluster size distributions and spanning probabilities in the direction parallel to the columns have power law tails with continuously varying non-universal powers. Read More

We analytically show that the entropy maximization with the escort averaged internal energy yields maximized Tsallis and R\'enyi entropies to be linearly proportional and equal to the equilibrium Boltzmann-Gibbs entropy, respectively. Since these results do not hold in general, we indicate that the escort averaging procedure is fallible and should be avoided. Read More

Loosely speaking, the Shannon entropy rate is used to gauge a stochastic process' intrinsic randomness; the statistical complexity gives the cost of predicting the process. We calculate, for the first time, the entropy rate and statistical complexity of stochastic processes generated by finite unifilar hidden semi-Markov models---memoryful, state-dependent versions of renewal processes. Calculating these quantities requires introducing novel mathematical objects ({\epsilon}-machines of hidden semi-Markov processes) and new information-theoretic methods to stochastic processes. Read More

We present a detailed analysis of the real-space renormalization group (RG) for discrete-time quantum walks on fractal networks. The RG-flow for such a walk on a dual Sierpinski gasket is obtained explicitly after transforming the unitary evolution equation into Laplace space. Unlike for classical random walks, we find that the long-time asymptotics of the quantum walk requires consideration of a diverging number of Laplace-poles, which we demonstrate exactly for the closed form solution available for the walk on a 1d-loop. Read More

We evaluate entropy production in a photovoltaic cell that is modeled by four electronic levels resonantly coupled to thermally populated field modes at different temperatures. We use a new formalism, the so-called multiple parallel worlds, that has been recently proposed to consistently address the nonlinearity of entropy in terms of density matrix. This entropy can be physically measured by using the statistics of energy transfers, i. Read More

We study 1+1 dimensional $\phi^4$ theory using the recently proposed method of conformal truncation. Starting in the UV CFT of free field theory, we construct a complete basis of states with definite conformal Casimir, $\mathcal{C}$. We use these states to express the Hamiltonian of the full interacting theory in lightcone quantization. Read More

The relaxation of uniform quantum systems with finite-range interactions after a quench is generically driven by the ballistic propagation of long-lived quasi-particle excitations triggered by a sufficiently small quench. Here we investigate the case of long-range ($1/r^{\alpha}$) interactions for $d$-dimensional lattice spin models with uniaxial symmetry, and show that, in the regime $d < \alpha < d+2$, the entanglement and correlation buildup is radically altered by the existence of a non-linear dispersion relation of quasi-particles, $\omega\sim k^{z<1}$, at small wave vectors, leading to a divergence of the quasiparticle group velocity and super-ballistic propagation. This translates in a super-linear growth of correlation fronts with time, and sub-linear growth of relaxation times of subsystem observables with size, when focusing on $k=0$ fluctuations. Read More

We consider the large order behavior of the perturbative expansion of the scalar $\varphi^4$ field theory in terms of a perturbative expansion around an instanton solution. We have computed the series of the free energy up to two-loop order in two and three dimension. Topologically there is only an additional Feynman diagram with respect to the previously known one dimensional case, but a careful treatment of renormalization is needed. Read More

Generalized hydrodynamics (GHD) is a large-scale theory for the dynamics of many-body integrable systems. It consists of an infinite set of conservation laws for quasi-particles traveling with effective ("dressed") velocities that depend on the local state. We show that these equations can be recast into a purely geometric dynamical problem. Read More

Tied-down renewal processes are generalisations of the Brownian bridge, where an event (or a zero crossing) occurs both at the origin of time and at the final observation time $t$. We give an analytical derivation of the two-time correlation function for such processes in the Laplace space of all temporal variables. This yields the exact asymptotic expression of the correlation in the Porod regime of short separations between the two times. Read More

The phase diagram (pressure versus temperature) of the pure fluid is typically envisioned as being featureless apart from the presence of the liquid-vapor coexistence curve terminating at the critical point. However, a number of recent authors have proposed that this simple picture misses important features, such as the Widom line, the Fisher-Widom line, and the Frenkel line. In our paper we discuss another way of augmenting the pure fluid phase diagram, lines of zero thermodynamic curvature $R=0$ separating regimes of fluid solid-like behavior ($R>0$) from gas-like or liquid-like behavior ($R<0$). Read More

We study the asymmetric simple exclusion process (ASEP) on the positive integers with open boundary condition. We show that if the right jump rate is $1$, the left jump rate is $t\in (0,1)$, and there is a reservoir of particles at the origin that injects particles at rate $1/2$ and ejects particles at rate $t/2$, then when starting devoid of particles, the number of particles in the system at time $\tau$ fluctuates according to the Tracy-Widom GOE distribution on the $\tau^{1/3}$ scale. We also study the convergence of the height function in the weak asymmetry scaling, where the height profile is expected to converge to the KPZ equation with Neumann type boundary condition. Read More

We revisit the numerical problem of computing the high temperature spin stiffness, or Drude weight, $D$ of the spin-$1/2$ XXZ chain using exact diagonalization to systematically analyze its dependence on system symmetries and ensemble, for various anisotropies $\Delta$. At the isotropic point and in the gapped phase ($\Delta \ge 1$), $D$ is found to vanish in the thermodynamic limit independent of symmetry or ensemble. In the gapless phase ($\Delta < 1$) and within the canonical ensemble for states with zero total magnetization, $D$ vanishes exactly due to spin-inversion symmetry for all but the anisotropies $\tilde \Delta_{MN} = \cos(\pi M /N)$, with $N>0$, $MRead More

We investigate the role of phase transitions into the spontaneous emission rate of quantum emitters embedded in a critical medium. Using a Landau-Ginzburg approach, we find that, in the broken symmetry phase, the emission rate is reduced or even suppressed due to the photon mass generated by the Higgs mechanism. Moreover, we show that the spontaneous emission presents a remarkable dependence upon the critical exponents associated to a given phase transition, allowing for an optical determination of the universality class. Read More