Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect Publications (50)

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Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect Publications

This review provides a summary of the rich physics expressed within SrTiO$_3$-based heterostructures and nanostructures. The intended audience is researchers who are working in the field of oxides, but also those with different backgrounds (e.g. Read More


We describe a versatile mechanism that provides tight-binding models with an enriched, topologically nontrivial bandstructure. The mechanism is algebraic in nature, and leads to tight-binding models that can be interpreted as a non-trivial square root of a parent lattice Hamiltonian---in analogy to the passage from a Klein-Gordon equation to a Dirac equation. In the tight-binding setting, the square-root operation admits to induce spectral symmetries at the expense of broken crystal symmetries. Read More


A quantum dot formed in a suspended carbon nanotube exposed to an external magnetic field is predicted to act as a thermoelectric unipolar spin battery which generates pure spin current. The built-in spin flip mechanism is a consequence of the spin-vibration interaction resulting from the interplay between the intrinsic spin-orbit coupling and the vibrational modes of the suspended carbon nanotube. On the other hand, utilizing thermoelectric effect, the temperature difference between the electron and the thermal bath to which the vibrational modes are coupled provides the driving force. Read More


Using first-principles calculations based on density functional theory and the nonequilibrium Green function formalism, we studied the spin transport through metal-phthalocyanine (MPc, M=Ni, Fe, Co, Mn, Cr) molecules connected to aurum nanowire electrodes. We found that the MnPc, FePc, and CrPc molecular devices exhibit a perfect spin filtering effect compared to CoPc and NiPc. Moreover, negative differential resistance appears in FePc molecular devices. Read More


The electrical transport properties of anodically grown TiO2 nanotubes was investigated. Amorphous nanotubes were anodically grown on titanium foil and transformed through annealing into the anatase phase. Amorphous and polycrystalline single nanotubes were isolated and contacted for measurements of the electrical resistance. Read More


Symmetries and topology are central to an understanding of physics. Topology explains the precise quantization of the Hall effect and the protection of surface states in topological insulators against scattering by non-magnetic impurities or bumps. Subsequent to the discovery of the quantum spin Hall effect, states of matter with different topological properties were classified according to the discrete symmetries of the system. Read More


Chiral magnets are an emerging class of topological matter harbouring localized and topologically protected vortex-like magnetic textures called skyrmions, which are currently under intense scrutiny as a new entity for information storage and processing. Here, on the level of micromagnetics we rigorously show that chiral magnets cannot only host skyrmions but also antiskyrmions as least-energy configurations over all non-trivial homotopy classes. We derive practical criteria for their occurrence and coexistence with skyrmions that can be fulfilled by (110)-oriented interfaces in dependence on the electronic structure. Read More


We discuss the effect of a magnetic thin-film ribbon at the surface of a topological insulator on the charge and spin transport due to surface electrons.\\ If the magnetization in the magnetic ribbon is perpendicular to the surface of a topological insulator, it leads to a gap in the energy spectrum of surface electrons. As a result, the ribbon is a barrier for electrons, which leads to electrical resistance. Read More


Nanoscale mechanical oscillators are sensitive to a wide range of forces, and are the subject of studies into fundamental quantum physics. They can be used for mass detection at the single proton level, position measurements to the quantum limit, and they have found application in genetics, proteomics, microbiology and studies of DNA. Their sensitivity is limited by dissipation to the environment, which reduces the mechanical quality factor $Q_{\rm m}$. Read More


We consider a strongly interacting quantum dot connected to two leads held at quite different temperatures. Our aim is to study the behavior of the Kondo effect in the presence of large thermal biases. We use three different approaches, namely, a perturbation theory via the Kondo Hamiltonian, a slave-boson mean-field model of the Anderson model at large charging energies and a truncated equation-of-motion approach beyond the Hartree-Fock approximation. Read More


Interacting fermions on a lattice can develop strong quantum correlations, which lie at the heart of the classical intractability of many exotic phases of matter. Seminal efforts are underway in the control of artificial quantum systems, that can be made to emulate the underlying Fermi-Hubbard models. Electrostatically confined conduction band electrons define interacting quantum coherent spin and charge degrees of freedom that allow all-electrical pure-state initialisation and readily adhere to an engineerable Fermi-Hubbard Hamiltonian. Read More


The broadband and ultrafast photoresponse of graphene has been extensively studied in recent years, although the photoexcited carrier dynamics is still far from being completely understood. Different experimental approaches imply either one of two fundamentally different scattering mechanisms for hot electrons. One is high-energy optical phonons, while the other is disorder-driven supercollisions with acoustic phonons. Read More


Thermal motions in the 2D Lennard-Jones liquid near solidification are studied at equilibrium and under shear flow conditions. At the temperatures of the study, the liquid is significantly aggregated. On times of few to few tens of particles vibration periods, the dominant features are particles in-cage vibrations and the highest frequency longitudinal and transverse Hypersound. Read More


We study the superconducting properties of the thin film BCS superconductor proximity coupled to a magnetically doped topological insulator(TI). Using the mean field theory, we show that Fulde-Ferrell(FF) pairing can be induced in the conventional superconductor by having inverse proximity effect(IPE). This occurs when the IPE of the TI to the superconductor is large enough that the normal band of the superconductor possesses a proximity induced spin-orbit coupling and magnetization. Read More


The divacancies in SiC are a family of paramagnetic defects that show promise for quantum communication technologies due to their long-lived electron spin coherence and their optical addressability at near-telecom wavelengths. Nonetheless, a mechanism for high-fidelity spin-to-photon conversation, which is a crucial prerequisite for such technologies, has not yet been demonstrated. Here we demonstrate a high-fidelity spin-to-photon interface in isolated divacancies in epitaxial films of 3C-SiC and 4H-SiC. Read More


Weyl semimetals are conductors whose low-energy bulk excitations are Weyl fermions, whereas their surfaces possess metallic Fermi arc surface states. These Fermi arc surface states are protected by a topological invariant associated with the bulk electronic wavefunctions of the material. Recently, it has been shown that the TaAs and NbAs classes of materials harbor such a state of topological matter. Read More


The fractional quantum Hall effect (FQHE) in two-dimensional electron system (2DES) is an exotic, superfluid-like matter with an emergent topological order. From the consideration of Aharonov-Bohm interaction of electrons and magnetic field, the ground state of a half-filled lowest Landau level is mathematically transformed to a Fermi sea of composite objects of electrons bound to two flux quanta, termed composite fermions (CFs). A strong support for the CF theories comes from experimental confirmation of the predicted Fermi surface at $\nu$ = 1/2 (where $\nu$ is the Landau level filling factor) from the detection of the Fermi wave vector in the semi-classical geometrical resonance experiments. Read More


We explore the collective electronic excitations of bilayer molybdenum disulfide (MoS$_2$) using the density functional theory together with the random phase approximation. The many-body dielectric function and electron energy-loss spectra are calculated using an {\it ab initio} based model involving material-realistic physical properties. The electron energy-loss function of bilayer MoS$_2$ system is found to be sensitive to either electron or hole doping and it is owing to the fact that the Kohn-Sham band dispersions are not symmetric for energies above and below the zero Fermi level. Read More


Strong magnetic field pulses associated with a relativistic electron bunch can imprint switching patterns in magnetic thin films that have uniaxial in-plane anisotropy. In experiments with Fe and FeCo alloy films the pattern shape reveals an additional torque acting on magnetization during the short (in the 100fs time scale) magnetic field pulse. The magnitude of the torque is as high as 15% of the torque from the magnetic field. Read More


We study the effect of system reservoir coupling strength on the current flowing through quantum junctions. We consider two simple double quantum dot configurations coupled to two external fermionic reservoirs and calculate the net current flowing between the two reservoirs. The net current is partitioned into currents carried by the eigenstates of the system and by the coherences induced between the states due to coupling with the leads. Read More


Using density functional theory combined with orbital-selective band unfolding techniques, we study the effective band structure of silicene($3\times3$)/Ag(111)($4\times4$) structure. Consistent with the ARPES spectra recently obtained by Feng et al. (Proc. Read More


We study magnon-photon coupling in cavity in the presence of relative phase shift between magnetic and electric components of the microwave. We show that the anticrossing gap can be manipulated by varying the relative phase. Increasing the phase difference leads to narrowing the anticrossing gap of hybridized modes and eventually to phase locked coupling at the value of relative phase close to $\pi$. Read More


Optical detection back-action in cantilever resonant or static detection presents a challenge when striving for state-of-the-art performance. The origin and possible routes for minimizing optical back-action have received little attention in literature. Here, we investigate the position and mode dependent optical back-action on cantilever beam resonators. Read More


Morphology and its stability are essential features to address physicochemical properties of metallic nanoparticles. By means of Molecular Dynamics based simulations we show a complex dependence on the size and material of common structural mechanisms taking place in mono-metallic nanoparticles at icosahedral magic sizes. We show that the well known Lipscomb s Diamond Square Diamond mechanisms, single step screw dislocation motions of the whole cluster, take place only below a given size which is material dependent. Read More


Recently it was suggested that stationary spin supercurrents (spin superfluidity) are possible in the magnon condensate observed in yttrium-iron-garnet (YIG) magnetic films under strong external pumping. Here we analyze this suggestion. From topology of the equilibrium order parameter in YIG one must not expect energetic barriers making spin supercurrents metastable. Read More


Process-related and stress-induced changes in threshold voltage are major variability concerns in ultra-scaled CMOS transistors. The device designers consider this variability as an irreducible part of the design problem and use different circuit level optimization schemes to handle these variations. In this paper, we demonstrate how an increase in the negative steepness of the universal mobility relationship improves both the process-related (e. Read More


We study a graphene Hall probe located on top of a magnetic surface as a detector of skyrmions, using as working principle the anomalous Hall effect produced by the exchange interaction of the graphene electrons with the non-coplanar magnetization of the skyrmion. We study the magnitude of the effect as a function of the exchange interaction, skyrmion size and device dimensions. Our calculations for multiterminal graphene nanodevices, working in the ballistic regime, indicate that for realistic exchange interactions a single skyrmion would give Hall voltages well within reach of the experimental state of the art. Read More


The electronic properties of single-layer antimony are studied by a combination of first-principles and tight-binding methods. The band structure obtained from relativistic density functional theory is used to derive an analytic tight-binding model that offers an efficient and accurate description of single-particle electronic states in a wide spectral region up to the mid-UV. The strong ($\lambda=0. Read More


Polycrystalline Mn 5 Ge 3 thin films were produced on SiO 2 using magnetron sputtering and reactive diffusion (RD) or non-diffusive reaction (NDR). In situ X-ray diffraction and atomic force microscopy were used to determine the layer structures, and magnetic force microscopy, superconducting quantum interference device and ferromagnetic resonance were used to determine their magnetic properties. RD-mediated layers exhibit similar magnetic properties as MBE-grown monocrystalline Mn 5 Ge 3 thin films, while NDR-mediated layers show magnetic properties similar to monocrystalline C-doped Mn 5 Ge 3 C x thin films with $0. Read More


In this Report we show the role of charge defects in the context of the formation of electrostatically defined quantum dots. We introduce a barrier array structure to probe defects at multiple locations in a single device. We measure samples both before and after an annealing process which uses an Al$_2$O$_3$ overlayer, grown by atomic layer deposition. Read More


Nano-crystalline diamond is a new carbon phase with numerous intriguing physical and chemical properties and applications. Small doped nanodiamonds for example do find increased use as novel quantum markers in biomedical applications. However, growing doped nanodiamonds below sizes of 5 nm with controlled composition has been elusive so far. Read More


Amplitude-modulated (AM) atomic force microscopy (AFM) (also known as tapping mode or AC mode) is a proven, reliable and gentle imaging mode with widespread applications. Over the several decades that tapping mode has been in use, simple quantification of the tip-sample mechanical properties, specifically the stiffness has remained elusive. Bimodal AFM keeps the advantages of tapping mode while extending the technique by driving a second resonant mode. Read More


Domain walls in ferroelectrics exhibit a plethora of phases and functionalities not found in the bulk. The interplay of electrostatic, chemical, topological, and distortive inhomogeneities at the walls can be so complex, however, that this obstructs their technological performance. In tetragonal ferroelectrics like PbZrxTi1-xO3, for example, the desired functional 180{\deg} domain walls within out-of-plane-polarized c-domains are interspersed by in-plane-polarized a-domains and the associated network of domain walls remains challenging to analyze. Read More


Thermal properties of suspended single-layer graphene membranes are investigated by characterization of their mechanical motion in response to a high-frequency modulated laser. A characteristic delay time $\tau$ between the optical intensity and mechanical motion is observed, which is attributed to the time required to raise the temperature of the membrane. We find, however, that the measured time constants are significantly larger than the predicted ones based on values of the specific heat and thermal conductivity. Read More


Magnetic domain wall (DW) motion induced by a localized Gaussian temperature profile is studied in a Permalloy nanostrip within the framework of the stochastic Landau-Lifshitz-Bloch equation. The different contributions to thermally induced DW motion, entropic torque and magnonic spin transfer torque, are isolated and compared. The analysis of magnonic spin transfer torque includes a description of thermally excited magnons in the sample. Read More


The formation of pulses of surface electromagnetic waves in a metal/dielectric interface is considered in the process of cooperative decay of excitons of quantum dots distributed near a metal surface in a dielectric layer. It is shown that the efficiency of exciton energy transfer to excited plasmons can be increased by selecting the dielectric material with specified values of the complex permittivity. It is found that in the mean field approximation the semiclassical model of formation of plasmon pulses in the system under study is reduced to the pendulum equation with the additional term of nonlinear losses. Read More


A layer-pressure topological phase diagram is obtained for few-layer phosphorene under increasing hydrostatic pressures by first-principles electronic structure calculations. We show that pressure can effectively manipulates the band structures of few-layer phosphorene -- a pressure of less than 4.2 GPa can drive the quasi-two-dimensional (2D) phosphorene (of 4 layers or thicker) from normal insulators to nontrivial topological Dirac semimetals (TDSMs). Read More


In this theoretical study, we explore the manner in which the quantum correction due to weak localization is suppressed in weakly-disordered graphene, when it is subjected to the application of a non-zero voltage. Using a nonequilibrium Green function approach, we address the scattering generated by the disorder up to the level of the maximally crossed diagrams, hereby capturing the interference among different, impurity-defined, Feynman paths. Our calculations of the charge current, and of the resulting differential conductance, reveal the logarithmic divergence typical of weak localization in linear transport. Read More


Magnons - the quanta of spin waves - propagating in magnetic materials with wavelengths at the nanometer-scale and carrying information in the form of an angular momentum, can be used as data carriers in next-generation, nano-sized low-loss information processing systems. In this respect, artificial magnetic materials with properties periodically varied in space, known as magnonic crystals, are especially promising for controlling and manipulating the magnon currents. In this article, different approaches for the realization of static, reconfigurable, and dynamic magnonic crystals are presented along with a variety of novel wave phenomena discovered in these crystals. Read More


We present a detailed spectroscopic study of the photoluminescence quenching in an epitaxial sample containing CdSe/ZnSe quantum dots (QDs) doped with low concentration of Mn$^{2+}$ ions. Our time-resolved and time-integrated experiments reveal the origin of the quenching observed in macro-photoluminescence studies of ensembles of such dots. We show that incorporation of even a few ions to an individual dot has little influence on its luminescence. Read More


From a point of view of classical electrodynamics, the performance of two-dimensional shape-simplified antennae is discussed based upon the shape of naturally designed systems to harvest light. The modular design of nature is found to make the antenna non-reciprocal, hence more efficient. We further explain the reason that the light harvester must be a ring instead of a ball, the function of the notch at the LH1-RC complex, the non-heme iron at the reaction center, the chlorophylls are dielectric instead of conductor, a mechanism to prevent damages from excess sunlight, the functional role played by the long-lasting spectrometric signal observed, and the photon anti-bunching observed. Read More


We study the effects of electrostatic gating on the magnetization auto-oscillations induced by the local injection of electric current into a ferromagnet/heavy metal bilayer. We find that the characteristic currents required for the excitation, the intensity and the spectral characteristics of the generated dynamical states can be tuned by the voltage applied to the metallic gate separated from the bilayer by a thin insulating layer. We show that the effect of electrostatic gating becomes enhanced in the strongly nonlinear oscillation regime at sufficiently large driving currents. Read More


We propose a method to generate path-entangled $N00N$-state photons from quantum dots (QDs) and coupled nanocavities. In the systems we considered, cavity mode frequencies are tuned close to the biexciton two-photon resonance. Under appropriate conditions, the system can have the target $N00N$ state in the energy eigenstate, as a consequence of destructive quantum interference. Read More


A surface acoustic wave (SAW) can produce a moving potential wave that can trap and drag electrons along with it. We review work on using a SAW to create moving quantum dots containing single electrons, with the aims of developing a current standard, emitting single photons, transferring single electrons between static quantum dots, and investigating non-adiabatic effects. Read More


The energy efficiency and power of a three-terminal thermoelectric nanodevice are studied by considering elastic tunneling through a single quantum dot. Facilitated by the three-terminal geometry, the nanodevice is able to generate simultaneously two electric powers by utilizing only one heat current. These two electric powers can add up to the total output power and energy efficiency in a constructive or destructive way, depending on their signs. Read More


The effect of unintended high-frequency free-layer switching in magnetic multilayer systems, referred to as back hopping, is investigated by means of the spin-diffusion model. A possible origin of the back-hopping effect is found to be the destabilization of the pinned layer which leads to perpetual switching of both layers. The influence of different material parameters onto the critical switching currents for the free and pinned layer is obtained by micromagnetic simulations. Read More


The drive to improve the sensitivity of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) to smaller and smaller sample volumes has led to the development of a variety of techniques distinct from conventional inductive detection. In this chapter, we focus on the technique of force-detected NMR as one of the most successful in yielding sensitivity improvements. We review the rationale for the technique, its basic principles, and give a brief history of its most important results. Read More


We demonstrate from a fundamental perspective the physical and mathematical origins of band warping and band non-parabolicity in electronic and vibrational structures. Remarkably, we find a robust presence and connection with pairs of topologically induced Dirac points in a primitive-rectangular lattice using a $p$-type tight-binding approximation. We provide a transparent analysis of two-dimensional primitive-rectangular and square Bravais lattices whose basic implications generalize to more complex structures. Read More


We study the interface physics of bipartite magnetic materials deposited on a topological insulator. This comprises antiferromagnets as well as ferrimagnets and ferromagnets with multiple magnetic moments per unit cell. If an energy gap is induced in the Dirac states on the topological surface, a topological magnetoelectric effect has been predicted. Read More


We have presented a compact MOSFET model, which allows us to describe the I-V characteristics of irradiated long-channel and short-channel transistors in all operation modes at different measurement temperatures and interface trap densities. The model allows simulating of the off-state and the on-state drain currents of irradiated MOSFETs based on an equal footing. Particularly, a novel compact model of the rebound effect in n-MOSFETs was employed for simulation of the total dose dependencies of drain currents in the highly scaled 60 nm node circuits irradiated up to 1Grad. Read More