Physics - Disordered Systems and Neural Networks Publications (50)

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Physics - Disordered Systems and Neural Networks Publications

We establish an exact mapping between (i) the equilibrium (imaginary time) dynamics of non-interacting fermions trapped in a harmonic potential at temperature $T=1/\beta$ and (ii) non-intersecting Ornstein-Uhlenbeck (OU) particles constrained to return to their initial positions after time $\beta$. Exploiting the determinantal structure of the process we compute the universal correlation functions both in the bulk and at the edge of the trapped Fermi gas. The latter corresponds to the top path of the non-intersecting OU particles, and leads us to introduce and study the time-periodic Airy$_2$ process, ${\cal A}^b_2(u)$, depending on a single parameter, the period $b$. Read More


Random constraint satisfaction problems (CSP) have been studied extensively using statistical physics techniques. They provide a benchmark to study average case scenarios instead of the worst case one. The interplay between statistical physics of disordered systems and computer science has brought new light into the realm of computational complexity theory, by introducing the notion of clustering of solutions, related to replica symmetry breaking. Read More


We discuss the number-theoretic properties of distributions appearing in physical systems when an observable is a quotient of two independent exponentially weighted integers. The spectral density of ensemble of linear polymer chains distributed with the law $~f^L$ ($0Read More


We have fabricated oxygen deficient polycrystalline ZnO films by the rf sputtering deposition method. To systematically investigate the charge transport mechanisms in these samples, the electrical resistivities have been measured over a wide range of temperature from 300 K down to liquid-helium temperatures. We found that below about 100 K, the variable-range-hopping (VRH) conduction processes govern the charge transport properties. Read More


In this theoretical study, we explore the manner in which the quantum correction due to weak localization is suppressed in weakly-disordered graphene, when it is subjected to the application of a non-zero voltage. Using a nonequilibrium Green function approach, we address the scattering generated by the disorder up to the level of the maximally crossed diagrams, hereby capturing the interference among different, impurity-defined, Feynman paths. Our calculations of the charge current, and of the resulting differential conductance, reveal the logarithmic divergence typical of weak localization in linear transport. Read More


We devise an approach to the calculation of scaling dimensions of generic operators describing scattering within multi-channel Luttinger liquid. The local impurity scattering in an arbitrary configuration of conducting and insulating channels is investigated and the problem is reduced to a single algebraic matrix equation. In particular, the solution to this equation is found for a finite array of chains described by Luttinger liquid models. Read More


Subjecting a many-body localized system to a time-periodic drive generically leads to delocalization and a transition to ergodic behavior if the drive is sufficiently strong or of sufficiently low frequency. Here we show that a specific drive can have an opposite effect, taking a static delocalized system into the MBL phase. We demonstrate this effect using a one dimensional system of interacting hardcore bosons subject to an oscillating linear potential. Read More


We analytically derive, in the context of the replica formalism, the first finite size corrections to the average optimal cost in the random assignment problem for a quite generic distribution law for the costs. We show that, when moving from a power law distribution to gamma distribution, the leading correction changes both in sign and in its scaling properties. We also examine the behavior of the corrections when approaching a delta function distribution. Read More


We present a model that takes into account the coupling between evolutionary game dynamics and social influence. Importantly, social influence and game dynamics take place in different domains, which we model as different layers of a multiplex network. We show that the coupling between these dynamical processes can lead to cooperation in scenarios where the pure game dynamics predicts defection. Read More


Restricted Boltzmann Machines are described by the Gibbs measure of a bipartite spin glass, which in turn corresponds to the one of a generalised Hopfield network. This equivalence allows us to characterise the state of these systems in terms of retrieval capabilities, at both low and high load. We study the paramagnetic-spin glass and the spin glass-retrieval phase transitions, as the pattern (i. Read More


We present a DFT study utilizing the Hubbard U correction to probe structural and magnetic disorder in $\mathrm{NaO_{2}}$, primary discharge product of Na-O$_2$ batteries. We show that $\mathrm{NaO_{2}}$ exhibits a large degree of rotational and magnetic disorder; a 3-body Ising Model is necessary to capture the subtle interplay of this disorder. MC simulations demonstrate that energetically favorable, FM phases near room temperature consist of alternating bands of orthogonally-oriented $\mathrm{O_{2}}$ dimers. Read More


We develop a framework for stress response in two dimensional granular media that respects vector force balance at the microscopic level. We introduce local gauge degrees of freedom that determine the response of contact forces between constituent grains to external perturbations. By mapping this response to the problem of diffusion in the underlying contact network, we show that this naturally leads to spatial localization of forces. Read More


The newly emerging field of wave front shaping in complex media has recently seen enormous progress. The driving force behind these advances has been the experimental accessibility of the information stored in the scattering matrix of a disordered medium, which can nowadays routinely be exploited to focus light as well as to image or to transmit information even across highly turbid scattering samples. We will provide an overview of these new techniques, of their experimental implementations as well as of the underlying theoretical concepts following from mesoscopic scattering theory. Read More


We have studied disordering effects on the coefficients of Ginzburg - Landau expansion in powers of superconducting order - parameter in attractive Anderson - Hubbard model within the generalized $DMFT+\Sigma$ approximation. We consider the wide region of attractive potentials $U$ from the weak coupling region, where superconductivity is described by BCS model, to the strong coupling region, where superconducting transition is related with Bose - Einstein condensation (BEC) of compact Cooper pairs formed at temperatures essentially larger than the temperature of superconducting transition, and the wide range of disorder - from weak to strong, where the system is in the vicinity of Anderson transition. In case of semi - elliptic bare density of states disorder influence upon the coefficients $A$ and $B$ before the square and the fourth power of the order - parameter is universal for any value of electron correlation and is related only to the general disorder widening of the bare band (generalized Anderson theorem). Read More


We consider an open quantum system generalization of the well-known linear Aubry-Andr\'e-Harper (AAH) Model by putting it out-of-equilibrium with the aid of two baths (at opposite ends) at unequal temperatures and chemical potentials. Non-equilibrium steady state (NESS) properties are computed by a fully exact non-equilibrium Green's function method. We find sub-diffusive scaling of NESS current with system-size at the critical point. Read More


Studying quantitatively the real time dynamics of quantum materials can be challenging. Here, we address dissipative and driven quantum impurities such as spin-1/2 particles. Integrating over the environmental degrees of freedom produces entropy, decoherence and disorder effects. Read More


The Thirring model with random couplings is a translationally invariant generalisation of the SYK model to 1+1 dimensions, which is tractable in the large N limit. We compute its two point function, at large distances, for any strength of the random coupling. For a given realisation, the couplings contain both irrelevant and relevant marginal operators, but statistically, in the large N limit, the random couplings are overall always marginally irrelevant, in sharp distinction to the usual Thirring model. Read More


We compute explicitly the critical exponents associated with logarithmic corrections (the so-called hatted exponents) starting from the renormalization group equations and the mean field behavior for a wide class of models at the upper critical behavior (for short and long range $\phi^n$-theories) and below it. This allows us to check the scaling relations among these critical exponents obtained by analysing the complex singularities (Lee-Yang and Fisher zeroes) of these models. Moreover, we have obtained an explicit method to compute the $\hat{\qq}$ exponent (defined by $\xi\sim L (\log L)^{\hat{\qq}}$) and, finally, we have found a new derivation of the scaling law associated with it. Read More


The interplay between geometric frustration (GF) and bond disorder is studied in the Ising kagome lattice within a cluster approach. The model considers antiferromagnetic (AF) short-range couplings and long-range intercluster disordered interactions. The replica formalism is used to obtain an effective single cluster model from where the thermodynamics is analyzed by exact diagonalization. Read More


We uncover two anomalous features in the nonlocal transport behavior of two-dimensional metallic materials with spin-orbit coupling. Firstly, the nonlocal resistance can have negative values and oscillate with distance, even in the absence of a magnetic field. Secondly, the oscillations of the nonlocal resistance under an applied in-plane magnetic field (Hanle effect) can be asymmetric under field reversal. Read More


We report on results of nonequilibrium transport measurements made on thin films of germanium-telluride (Ge_xTe) at cryogenic temperatures. Owing to a rather large deviation from stoichiometry (app. 10% of Ge vacancies), these films exhibit p-type conductivity with carrier-concentration N>10^20cm^(-3) and can be made either in the diffusive or strongly-localized regime by a judicious choice of preparation and post-treatment conditions. Read More


We use molecular dynamic simulations to investigate the relation between the presence of packing defects in a glass-former and the spontaneous cooperative motions called dynamic heterogeneity. For that purpose we use a simple diatomic glass-former and add a small number of larger or smaller diatomic probes. The diluted probes modify locally the packing, inducing structural defects in the liquid, while we find that the number of defects is small enough not to disturb the average structure. Read More


An intriguing connection was noticed recently by Kitaev between a simple model of Majorana zero modes with random infinite range interactions -- the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev (SYK) model -- and the horizons of extremal black holes in two-dimensional anti-de Sitter (AdS$_2$) space. This connection provides a rare example of holographic duality between a solvable quantum-mechanical model and dilaton gravity. Here we propose a physical realization of the SYK model in a solid state system. Read More


Using a combination of numerically exact and renormalization-group techniques we study the nonequilibrium transport of electrons in an one-dimensional interacting system subject to a quasiperiodic potential. For this purpose we calculate the growth of the mean-square displacement as well as the melting of domain walls. While the system is nonintegrable for all studied parameters, there is no on finite region default of parameters for which we observe diffusive transport. Read More


We study the critical behavior of the 2D $N$-color Ashkin-Teller model in the presence of random bond disorder whose correlations decays with the distance $r$ as a power-law $r^{-a}$. We consider the case when the spins of different colors sitting at the same site are coupled by the same bond and map this problem onto the 2D system of $N/2$ flavors of interacting Dirac fermions in the presence of correlated disorder. Using renormalization group we show that for $N=2$ a "weakly universal" scaling behavior at the continuous transition becomes universal with new critical exponents. Read More


The dynamics and behavior of ferromagnets have a great relevance even beyond the domain of statistical physics. In this work, we propose a Monte Carlo method, based on random graphs, for modeling their dilution. In particular, we focus on ferromagnets with dimension $D \ge 4$, which can be approximated by the Curie-Weiss model. Read More


Inspired by the human brain, there is a strong effort to find alternative models of information processing capable of imitating the high energy efficiency of neuromorphic information processing. One possible realization of cognitive computing are reservoir computing networks. These networks are built out of non-linear resistive elements which are recursively connected. Read More


Here is the first part of the summary of my work on random Ising model using real-space renormalization group (RSRG), also known as a Migdal-Kadanoff one. This approximate renormalization scheme was applied to the analysis thermodynamic properties of the model, and of probabilistic properties of a pair correlator, which is a fluctuating object in disordered systems. PACS numbers: 02. Read More


We provide a systematic comparison of the many-body localization transition in spin chains with nonrandom quasiperiodic vs. random fields. We find evidence that these belong to two separate universality classes: one dominated by "intrinsic" intra-sample randomness, and the second dominated by external inter-sample quenched randomness. Read More


Entanglement growth and out-of-time-order correlators (OTOC) are used to assess the propagation of information in isolated quantum systems. In this work, using large scale exact time-evolution we show that for weakly disordered nonintegrable systems information propagates behind a ballistically moving front, and the entanglement entropy growths linearly in time. For stronger disorder the motion of the information front is algebraic and sub-ballistic and is characterized by an exponent which depends on the strength of the disorder, similarly to the sublinear growth of the entanglement entropy. Read More


Hyperuniform disordered photonic materials (HDPM) are spatially correlated dielectric structures with unconventional optical properties. They can be transparent to long-wavelength radiation while at the same time have isotropic band gaps in another frequency range. This phenomenon raises fundamental questions concerning photon transport through disordered media. Read More


Systems which can spontaneously reveal periodic evolution are dubbed time crystals. This is in analogy with space crystals that display periodic behavior in configuration space. While space crystals are modelled with the help of space periodic potentials, crystalline phenomena in time can be modelled by periodically driven systems. Read More


Quasiperiodic modulation can prevent isolated quantum systems from equilibrating by localizing their degrees of freedom. In this article, we show that such systems can exhibit dynamically stable long-range orders forbidden in equilibrium. Specifically, we show that the interplay of symmetry breaking and localization in the quasiperiodic quantum Ising chain produces a \emph{quasiperiodic Ising glass} stable at all energy densities. Read More


We investigate the effect of the incommensurate potential on Weyl semimetal, which is proposed to be realized in ultracold atomic systems trapped in three-dimensional optical lattices. For the system without the Fermi arc, we find that the Weyl points are robust against the incommensurate potential and the system enters into a metallic phase only when the incommensurate potential strength exceeds a critical value. We unveil the trastition by analysing the properties of wave functions and the density of states as a function of the incommensurate potential strength. Read More


Restricted Boltzmann machines (RBMs) are energy-based neural-networks which are commonly used as the building blocks for deep architectures neural architectures. In this work, we derive a deterministic framework for the training, evaluation, and use of RBMs based upon the Thouless-Anderson-Palmer (TAP) mean-field approximation of widely-connected systems with weak interactions coming from spin-glass theory. While the TAP approach has been extensively studied for fully-visible binary spin systems, our construction is generalized to latent-variable models, as well as to arbitrarily distributed real-valued spin systems with bounded support. Read More


When random quantum spin chains are submitted to some periodic Floquet driving, the eigenstates of the time-evolution operator over one period can be localized in real space. For the case of periodic quenches between two Hamiltonians (or periodic kicks), where the time-evolution operator over one period reduces to the product of two simple transfer matrices, we propose a Block-self-dual renormalization procedure to construct the localized eigenstates of the Floquet dynamics. We also discuss the corresponding Strong Disorder Renormalization procedure, that generalizes the RSRG-X procedure to construct the localized eigenstates of time-independent Hamiltonians. Read More


In this manuscript, in honour of L. Kadanoff, we present recent progress obtained in the description of finite dimensional glassy systems thanks to the Migdal-Kadanoff renormalisation group (MK-RG). We provide a critical assessment of the method, in particular discuss its limitation in describing situations in which an infinite number of pure states might be present, and analyse the MK-RG flow in the limit of infinite dimensions. Read More


We investigate the effects of disorder in Floquet topological insulators (FTIs) occurring in semiconductor quantum wells. Such FTIs are induced by resonantly driving a transition between the valence and conduction band. We show that when disorder is added, the topological nature of such FTIs persists as long as there is a mobility gap at the resonant quasi-energy. Read More


We investigate relaxation in the recently discovered "fracton" models and discover that these models naturally host glassy quantum dynamics in the absence of quenched disorder. We begin with a discussion of "type I" fracton models, in the taxonomy of Vijay, Haah, and Fu. We demonstrate that in these systems, the mobility of charges is suppressed exponentially in the inverse temperature. Read More


The Boolean Satisfiability problem asks if a Boolean formula is satisfiable by some assignment of the variables or not. It belongs to the NP-complete complexity class and hence no algorithm with polynomial time worst-case complexity is known, i.e. Read More


We show that real multiplex networks are unexpectedly robust against targeted attacks on high degree nodes, and that hidden interlayer geometric correlations predict this robustness. Without geometric correlations, multiplexes exhibit an abrupt breakdown of mutual connectivity, even with interlayer degree correlations. With geometric correlations, we instead observe a multistep cascading process leading into a continuous transition, which apparently becomes fully continuous in the thermodynamic limit. Read More


Partial symmetries are described by generalized group structures known as symmetric inverse semigroups. We use the algebras arising from these structures to realize supersymmetry in (0+1) dimensions and to build many-body quantum systems on a chain. This construction consists in associating appropriate supercharges to chain sites, in analogy to what is done in spin chains. Read More


We analyze the propagation of quantum states in the presence of weak disorder. In particular, we investigate the reliable transmittance of quantum states, as potential carriers of quantum information, through disorder-perturbed waveguides. We quantify wave-packet distortion, backscattering, and disorder-induced dephasing, which all act detrimentally on transport, and identify the conditions for reliable transmission. Read More


We study the effects of local perturbations on the dynamics of disordered fermionic systems in order to characterize time-irreversibility. We focus on three different systems, the non-interacting Anderson and Aubry-Andr\'e-Harper (AAH-) models, and the interacting spinless disordered t-V chain. First, we consider the effect on the full many-body wave-functions by measuring the Loschmidt echo (LE). Read More


The low energy optical conductivity of conventional superconductors is usually well described by Mattis-Bardeen (MB) theory which predicts the onset of absorption above an energy corresponding to twice the superconducing (SC) gap parameter Delta. Recent experiments on strongly disordered superconductors have challenged the application of the MB formulas due to the occurrence of additional spectral weight at low energies below 2Delta. Here we identify three crucial items which have to be included in the analysis of optical-conductivity data for these systems: (a) the correct identification of the optical threshold in the Mattis-Bardeen theory, and its relation with the gap value extracted from the measured density of states, (b) the gauge-invariant evaluation of the current-current response function, needed to account for the optical absorption by SC collective modes, and (c) the inclusion into the MB formula of the energy dependence of the density of states present already above Tc. Read More


Inverse problems in statistical physics are motivated by the challenges of `big data' in different fields, in particular high-throughput experiments in biology. In inverse problems, the usual procedure of statistical physics needs to be reversed: Instead of calculating observables on the basis of model parameters, we seek to infer parameters of a model based on observations. In this review, we focus on the inverse Ising problem and closely related problems, namely how to infer the interactions between spins given observed spin correlations, magnetisations, or other data. Read More


Many-body localization transition in a periodically driven quantum system is investigated using a solution of a matching Bethe lattice problem for Floquet states of a quantum random energy model with a generalization to more realistic settings. It turns out that an external periodic field can both suppress and enhance localization depending on field amplitude and frequency which leads to three distinguishable regimes of field enhanced, controlled and suppressed delocalization. The results can be verified experimentally in systems of cold atoms and/or interacting spin defects in semiconductors. Read More


A major obstacle to understanding neural coding and computation is the fact that experimental recordings typically sample only a small fraction of the neurons in a circuit. Measured neural properties are skewed by interactions between recorded neurons and the "hidden" portion of the network. To properly interpret neural data, we thus need a better understanding of the relationships between measured effective neural properties and the true underlying physiological properties. Read More


Message passing equations yield a sharp percolation transition in finite graphs, as an artefact of the locally treelike approximation. For an arbitrary finite, connected, undirected graph we construct an infinite tree having the same local structural properties as this finite graph, when observed by a non-backtracking walker. Formally excluding the boundary, this infinite tree is a generalization of the Bethe lattice. Read More