Nuclear Experiment Publications (50)


Nuclear Experiment Publications

The exclusive vector meson production cross section is one of the most promising observables to probe the high energy regime of the QCD dynamics. In particular, the squared momentum transfer ($t$) distributions are an important source of information about the spatial distribution of the gluons in the hadron and about fluctuations of the color fields. In this paper we complement previous studies on exclusive vector meson photoproduction in hadronic collisions presenting a comprehensive analysis of the $t$ - spectrum measured in exclusive $\rho$, $\phi$ and $J/\Psi$ photoproduction in $pp$ and $PbPb$ collisions at the LHC. Read More

Production of $\rho^{0}$ meson at high $p_T$ in high-energy nuclear collisions is investigated for the first time at the next-leading-order in the QCD improved parton model. The $\rho^0$ fragmentation functions (FFs) in vacuum at any scale $Q$ are obtained by evolving through NLO DGLAP equations a newly developed initial parametrization of $\rho^0$ FFs at a scale $\rm Q_{0}^2=1.5\ GeV^2$ from a broken SU(3) model. Read More

Masses of $^{52}$Co, $^{52}$Co$^m$, $^{52}$Fe, $^{52}$Fe$^m$, and $^{52}$Mn have been measured with the JYFLTRAP double Penning trap mass spectrometer. Of these, $^{52}$Co and $^{52}$Co$^m$ have been experimentally determined for the first time and found to be more bound than predicted by extrapolations. The isobaric multiplet mass equation for the $T=2$ quintet at $A=52$ has been studied employing the new mass values. Read More

I first review the early history of the ultrarelativistic heavy ion program, starting with the 1974 Bear Mountain Workshop, and the 1983 Aurora meeting of the U.S. Nuclear Science Committee, just one billion seconds ago, which laid out the initial science goals of an ultrarelativistic collider. Read More

The high quality data provided by helioseismology, solar neutrino flux measurements, spectral determination of solar abundances, nuclear reactions rates coefficients among other experimental data, leads to the highly accurate prediction of the internal structure of the present Sun - the standard solar model. In this talk, I have discussed how the standard solar model, the best representation of the real Sun, can be used to study the properties of dark matter, for which two complementary approaches have been developed: - to limit the number of theoretical candidates proposed as the dark matter particles, this analysis complements the experimental search of dark matter, and - as a template for the study of the impact of dark matter in the evolution of stars, which possibly occurs for stellar populations formed in regions of high density of dark matter, such as stars formed in the centre of galaxies and the first generations of stars. Read More

A new method of pulse shape discrimination (PSD) for BEGe detectors is developed to suppress Compton-continuum by digital pulse shape analysis (PSA), which helps reduce the Compton background level in gamma ray spectrometry. A decision parameter related to the rise time of a pulse shape was presented. The method was verified by experiments using 60Co and 137Cs sources. Read More

Multi-particle azimuthal cumulants, often used to study collective flow in high-energy heavy-ion collisions, have recently been applied in small collision systems such as pp and p+A to extract the second-order azimuthal harmonic flow v2. Recent observation of four-, six- and eight-particle cumulants with "correct sign" c_2{4}<0, c_2{6}>0, c_2{8}<0 and approximate equality of the inferred single-particle harmonic flow, $v_2\{4\}\approx v_2{6} \approx v_2\{8\}$, have been used as strong evidence for a collective emission of the all soft particles produced in the collisions. We show that these relations are violated due to the non-gaussianity in the event-by-event fluctuation of flow and/or non-flow. Read More

In this work, we investigate the possibility to interpret two nucleon resonances, the $N(1875)$ and the $N(2100)$ as hadronic molecular states from the $\Sigma^*K$ and $\Sigma K^*$ interactions, respectively. With the help of the effective Lagrangians where the coupling constants are determined by the SU(3) symmetry, the $\Sigma^*K$ and $\Sigma K^*$ interactions are described by the vector-meson and pseudoscalar-meson exchanges. With the one-boson-exchange potential obtained, the bound states from the $\Sigma^*K$ and $\Sigma K^*$ interactions are searched in a quasipotential Bethe-Saltpeter equation approach. Read More

The nuclear level densities and $\gamma$-ray strength functions of $^{138,139,140}$La were measured using the $^{139}$La($^{3}$He, $\alpha$), $^{139}$La($^{3}$He, $^{3}$He$^\prime$) and $^{139}$La(d, p) reactions. The particle-$\gamma$ coincidences were recorded with the silicon particle telescope (SiRi) and NaI(Tl) (CACTUS) arrays. In the context of these experimental results, the low-energy enhancement in the A$\sim$140 region is discussed. Read More

Some recent progress and open questions in extracting and understanding the new physics underlying the density dependence of nuclear symmetry energy from laboratory experiments are discussed. Read More

The ratio of (pseudo)rapidity density of transverse energy and the (pseudo)rapidity density of charged particles, which is a measure of the mean transverse energy per particle, is an important observable in high energy heavy-ion collisions, which reveals about the mechanism of particle production and the freeze-out criteria. Its collision energy and centrality dependence is exactly like the chemical freeze-out temperature till top RHIC energy. The LHC measurement at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 2. Read More

We investigate the hidden strange light baryon-meson system. With the resonating-group method, two bound states, $\eta-N$ and $\phi-N$, are found in the quark delocalization color screening model. Focusing on the $\phi-N$ bound state around 1950 MeV, we obtain the total decay width of about 4 MeV by calculating the phase shifts in the resonance scattering processes. Read More

Background: Type I x-ray bursts are the most frequent thermonuclear explosions in the galaxy, resulting from thermonuclear runaway on the surface of an accreting neutron star. The $^{30}$S($\alpha$,p) reaction plays a critical role in burst models, yet insufficient experimental information is available to calculate a reliable, precise rate for this reaction. Purpose: Our measurement was conducted to search for states in $^{34}$Ar and determine their quantum properties. Read More

The D meson yields as a function of charged-particle multiplicity in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV and in p-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=5.02$ TeV are presented. The measurement of the yields of electrons from heavy-flavour hadron decays as a function of charged-particle multiplicity in p-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=5. Read More

We argue that the NICA fixed target experiment will be able to provide very important new experimental data on dilepton and $\phi$ meson production in the basically undiscovered energy domain between the SIS and SPS energies. Experimental information about elementary cross sections in this energy region is an essential ingredient of models of nuclear collisions in the same energy range. Read More

The astrophysical $S$-factor of $E$1 transition for $^{12}$C($\alpha$,$\gamma_0$)$^{16}$O is discussed in the $R$-matrix theory. The reduced $\alpha$-particle widths of the 1$^-_1$ ($E_x= 7.12$ MeV) and 1$^-_2$ ($E_x= 9. Read More

A magnetic coil operated at cryogenic temperatures is used to produce spatial, relative field gradients below 6 ppm/cm, stable for several hours. The apparatus is a prototype of the magnetic components for a neutron electric dipole moment (nEDM) search, which will take place at the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory using ultra-cold neutrons (UCN). That search requires a uniform magnetic field to mitigate systematic effects and obtain long polarization lifetimes for neutron spin precession measurements. Read More

Measurements of parity-violating asymmetries in DIS region using the SoLID spectrometer at Jefferson Lab (JLab) Hall A in the 12 GeV era are presented. A proposal with a polarized electron beam on unpolarized deuteron and proton targets has been approved with an A rating by the JLab PAC. The deuteron measurement aims to measure the weak mixing angle $\sin^2 \theta_W $ with a precision of $\pm$ 0. Read More

Today the applications of nuclear physics span a very broad range of topics and fields. This review discusses a number of aspects of these applications, including selected topics and concepts in nuclear reactor physics, nuclear fusion, nuclear non-proliferation, nuclear-geophysics, and nuclear medicine. The review begins with a historic summary of the early years in applied nuclear physics, with an emphasis on the huge developments that took place around the time of World War II, and that underlie the physics involved in designs of nuclear explosions, controlled nuclear energy, and nuclear fusion. Read More

Detailed information on decay channel probabilities is absent for many high mass resonances, which are typically included in thermal models. In these cases, the sum over all known decay branching probabilities is smaller than 1. Due to this systematic uncertainty of the model, the exact charge conservation may appear to be violated. Read More

A high pressure xenon gas time projection chamber with electroluminescent amplification (EL HPGXe TPC) searching for the neutrinoless double beta ($0\nu\beta\beta$) decay offers: excellent energy resolution ($0.5-0.7\%$ FWHM at the $Q_{\beta\beta}$), by amplifying the ionization signal with electroluminescent light, and tracking capabilities, as demonstrated by the NEXT collaboration using two kg-scale prototypes. Read More

It is proposed here to investigate three major properties of the nuclear force that influence the amplitude of shell gaps, the nuclear binding energies as well as the nuclear $\beta$-decay properties far from stability, that are all key ingredients for modeling the r-process nucleosynthesis. These properties are derived from experiments performed in different facilities worldwide, using several various state-of-the-art experimental techniques including transfer and knockout reactions. Expected consequences on the r process nucleosynthesis as well as on the stability of super heavy elements are discussed. Read More

Background $\alpha$-nucleus potentials play an essential role for the calculation of $\alpha$-induced reaction cross sections at low energies in the statistical model. Uncertainties of these calculations are related to ambiguities in the adjustment of the potential parameters to experimental elastic scattering angular distributions (typically at higher energies) and to the energy dependence of the effective $\alpha$-nucleus potentials. Purpose The present work studies cross sections of $\alpha$-induced reactions for $^{64}$Zn at low energies and their dependence on the chosen input parameters of the statistical model calculations. Read More

We propose several new observables/correlators, based on correlations between two or more subevents separated in pseudorapidity $\eta$, to study the longitudinal flow fluctuations. We show that these observables are sensitive to the event-by-event fluctuations, as a function of $\eta$, of the initial condition as well as the non-linear mode-mixing effects. Experimental measurement of these observables shall provide important new constraints on the boost-variant event-by-event initial conditions required by all 3+1-dimensional viscous hydrodynamics models. Read More

Fluctuations of conserved quantities, such as baryon, electric charges and strangeness numbers, are sensitive observables in relativistic heavy-ion collisions to probe the QCD phase transition and search for the QCD critical point. In this paper, we review the experimental measurements of the cumulants (up to fourth order) of event-by-event net-proton (proxy for net-baryon), net-charge and net-kaon (proxy for net-strangeness) multiplicity distributions of Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=7.7, 11. Read More

We present a detailed derivation of the two sum rules relating the spin polarizabilities measured in real, virtual, and doubly-virtual Compton scattering. For example, the polarizability $\delta_{LT}$, accessed in inclusive electron scattering, is related to the spin polarizability $\gamma_{E1E1}$ and the slope of generalized polarizabilities $P^{(M1,M1)1}-P^{(L1,L1)1}$, measured in, respectively, the real and the virtual Compton scattering. We verify these sum rules in different variants of chiral perturbation theory, discuss their empirical verification for the proton, and prospect their use in studies of the nucleon spin structure. Read More

Based on a covariant coalescence model with a blast-wave-like parametrization of the phase-space configuration for constituent particles at freezeout, we derive an approximate analytical formula for the yields of clusters produced in relativistic heavy-ion collisions. Compared to previous existing formulae, the present work additionally considers the longitudinal dimension in momentum space, the relativistic corrections, and the finite size effects of the produced clusters relative to the space distribution of constituent particles at freezeout. The new analytical coalescence formula provides a useful approach to evaluate the yield of produced clusters, such as light nuclei from nucleon coalescence and hadrons from quark coalescence, in heavy-ion collisions. Read More

Due to the large masses, heavy-flavor quarks are dominantly produced in initial hard scattering processes and experience the whole evolution of the medium produced in heavy-ion collisions at RHIC energies. They are also expected to thermalize slower than light-flavor quarks. Thus the measurement of heavy quark production and azimuthal anisotropy can provide important insights into the medium properties through their interactions with the medium. Read More

Several recent publications claim that the proton charge {\em rms}-radius resulting from the analysis of electron scattering data restricted to {\em low} momentum transfer agrees with the radius determined from muonic hydrogen, in contrast to the radius resulting from analyses of the full (e,e) data set which is $0.04fm$ larger. Here we show why these publications erroneously arrive at the low radii. Read More

We have studied the directed flow in $^{197}$Au+$^{197}$Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 200 and 39 GeV within a multiphase transport model. As the partonic phase evolves with time, the slope of the parton directed flow at mid-rapidity region changes from negative to positive as a result of the later dynamics at 200 GeV, while it remains negative at 39 GeV due to the shorter life time of the partonic phase. The directed flow splitting for various quark species due to their different initial eccentricities is observed at 39 GeV, while the splitting is very small at 200 GeV. Read More

Measurements of Ra-226 activity from eight HPGe gamma ray detectors at the NC State University PULSTAR Reactor were analyzed for evidence of periodic variations, with particular attention to annual variations. All measurements were made using the same reference source, and data sets were of varying length taken over the time period from September 1996 through August 2014. Clear evidence of annual variations was observed in data from four of the detectors. Read More

Authors: C. Aidala, N. N. Ajitanand, Y. Akiba, R. Akimoto, J. Alexander, M. Alfred, K. Aoki, N. Apadula, H. Asano, E. T. Atomssa, A. Attila, T. C. Awes, C. Ayuso, B. Azmoun, V. Babintsev, M. Bai, X. Bai, B. Bannier, K. N. Barish, S. Bathe, V. Baublis, C. Baumann, S. Baumgart, A. Bazilevsky, M. Beaumier, R. Belmont, A. Berdnikov, Y. Berdnikov, D. Black, D. S. Blau, M. Boer, J. S. Bok, K. Boyle, M. L. Brooks, J. Bryslawskyj, H. Buesching, V. Bumazhnov, C. Butler, S. Butsyk, S. Campbell, C. CanoaRoman, C. -H. Chen, C. Y. Chi, M. Chiu, I. J. Choi, J. B. Choi, S. Choi, P. Christiansen, T. Chujo, V. Cianciolo, B. A. Cole, M. Connors, N. Cronin, N. Crossette, M. Csanád, T. Csörgő, T. W. Danley, A. Datta, M. S. Daugherity, G. David, K. DeBlasio, K. Dehmelt, A. Denisov, A. Deshpande, E. J. Desmond, L. Ding, J. H. Do, L. D'Orazio, O. Drapier, A. Drees, K. A. Drees, M. Dumancic, J. M. Durham, A. Durum, T. Elder, T. Engelmore, A. Enokizono, S. Esumi, K. O. Eyser, B. Fadem, W. Fan, N. Feege, D. E. Fields, M. Finger, M. Finger, \, Jr., F. Fleuret, S. L. Fokin, J. E. Frantz, A. Franz, A. D. Frawley, Y. Fukao, Y. Fukuda, T. Fusayasu, K. Gainey, C. Gal, P. Garg, A. Garishvili, I. Garishvili, H. Ge, F. Giordano, A. Glenn, X. Gong, M. Gonin, Y. Goto, R. Granier de Cassagnac, N. Grau, S. V. Greene, M. Grosse Perdekamp, Y. Gu, T. Gunji, H. Guragain, T. Hachiya, J. S. Haggerty, K. I. Hahn, H. Hamagaki, S. Y. Han, J. Hanks, S. Hasegawa, T. O. S. Haseler, K. Hashimoto, R. Hayano, X. He, T. K. Hemmick, T. Hester, J. C. Hill, K. Hill, R. S. Hollis, K. Homma, B. Hong, T. Hoshino, N. Hotvedt, J. Huang, S. Huang, T. Ichihara, Y. Ikeda, K. Imai, Y. Imazu, M. Inaba, A. Iordanova, D. Isenhower, A. Isinhue, Y. Ito, D. Ivanishchev, B. V. Jacak, S. J. Jeon, M. Jezghani, Z Ji, J. Jia, X. Jiang, B. M. Johnson, K. S. Joo, V. Jorjadze, D. Jouan, D. S. Jumper, J. Kamin, S. Kanda, B. H. Kang, J. H. Kang, J. S. Kang, D. Kapukchyan, J. Kapustinsky, S. Karthas, D. Kawall, A. V. Kazantsev, J. A. Key, V. Khachatryan, P. K. Khandai, A. Khanzadeev, K. M. Kijima, C. Kim, D. J. Kim, E. -J. Kim, M. Kim, Y. -J. Kim, Y. K. Kim, D. Kincses, E. Kistenev, J. Klatsky, D. Kleinjan, P. Kline, T. Koblesky, M. Kofarago, B. Komkov, J. Koster, D. Kotchetkov, D. Kotov, F. Krizek, S. Kudo, K. Kurita, M. Kurosawa, Y. Kwon, R. Lacey, Y. S. Lai, J. G. Lajoie, E. O. Lallow, A. Lebedev, D. M. Lee, G. H. Lee, J. Lee, K. B. Lee, K. S. Lee, S. H. Lee, M. J. Leitch, M. Leitgab, Y. H. Leung, B. Lewis, N. A. Lewis, X. Li, X. Li, S. H. Lim, L. D. Liu, M. X. Liu, V. -R. Loggins, S. Lokos, D. Lynch, C. F. Maguire, Y. I. Makdisi, M. Makek, A. Manion, V. I. Manko, E. Mannel, M. McCumber, P. L. McGaughey, D. McGlinchey, C. McKinney, A. Meles, M. Mendoza, B. Meredith, Y. Miake, T. Mibe, A. C. Mignerey, D. E. M. Mihalik, A. Milov, D. K. Mishra, J. T. Mitchell, G. Mitsuka, S. Miyasaka, S. Mizuno, A. K. Mohanty, S. Mohapatra, T. Moon, D. P. Morrison, S. I. M. Morrow, M. Moskowitz, T. V. Moukhanova, T. Murakami, J. Murata, A. Mwai, T. Nagae, K. Nagai, S. Nagamiya, K. Nagashima, T. Nagashima, J. L. Nagle, M. I. Nagy, I. Nakagawa, H. Nakagomi, Y. Nakamiya, K. R. Nakamura, T. Nakamura, K. Nakano, C. Nattrass, P. K. Netrakanti, M. Nihashi, T. Niida, R. Nouicer, T. Novák, N. Novitzky, R. Novotny, A. S. Nyanin, E. O'Brien, C. A. Ogilvie, H. Oide, K. Okada, J. D. Orjuela Koop, J. D. Osborn, A. Oskarsson, K. Ozawa, R. Pak, V. Pantuev, V. Papavassiliou, I. H. Park, J. S. Park, S. Park, S. K. Park, S. F. Pate, L. Patel, M. Patel, J. -C. Peng, W. Peng, D. V. Perepelitsa, G. D. N. Perera, D. Yu. Peressounko, C. E. PerezLara, J. Perry, R. Petti, M. Phipps, C. Pinkenburg, R. P. Pisani, A. Pun, M. L. Purschke, H. Qu, P. V. Radzevich, J. Rak, I. Ravinovich, K. F. Read, D. Reynolds, V. Riabov, Y. Riabov, E. Richardson, D. Richford, T. Rinn, N. Riveli, D. Roach, S. D. Rolnick, M. Rosati, Z. Rowan, J. Runchey, M. S. Ryu, B. Sahlmueller, N. Saito, T. Sakaguchi, H. Sako, V. Samsonov, M. Sarsour, K. Sato, S. Sato, S. Sawada, B. Schaefer, B. K. Schmoll, K. Sedgwick, J. Seele, R. Seidl, Y. Sekiguchi, A. Sen, R. Seto, P. Sett, A. Sexton, D. Sharma, A. Shaver, I. Shein, T. -A. Shibata, K. Shigaki, M. Shimomura, K. Shoji, P. Shukla, A. Sickles, C. L. Silva, D. Silvermyr, B. K. Singh, C. P. Singh, V. Singh, M. J. Skoby, M. Skolnik, M. Slunečka, K. L. Smith, S. Solano, R. A. Soltz, W. E. Sondheim, S. P. Sorensen, I. V. Sourikova, P. W. Stankus, P. Steinberg, E. Stenlund, M. Stepanov, A. Ster, S. P. Stoll, M. R. Stone, T. Sugitate, A. Sukhanov, J. Sun, S. Syed, A. Takahara, A. Taketani, Y. Tanaka, K. Tanida, M. J. Tannenbaum, S. Tarafdar, A. Taranenko, G. Tarnai, E. Tennant, R. Tieulent, A. Timilsina, T. Todoroki, M. Tomášek, H. Torii, C. L. Towell, R. S. Towell, I. Tserruya, Y. Ueda, B. Ujvari, H. W. van Hecke, M. Vargyas, S Vazquez-Carson, E. Vazquez-Zambrano, A. Veicht, J. Velkovska, R. Vértesi, M. Virius, V. Vrba, E. Vznuzdaev, X. R. Wang, Z. Wang, D. Watanabe, K. Watanabe, Y. Watanabe, Y. S. Watanabe, F. Wei, S. Whitaker, S. Wolin, C. P. Wong, C. L. Woody, M. Wysocki, B. Xia, C. Xu, Q. Xu, Y. L. Yamaguchi, A. Yanovich, P Yin, S. Yokkaichi, J. H. Yoo, I. Yoon, Z. You, I. Younus, H. Yu, I. E. Yushmanov, W. A. Zajc, A. Zelenski, S. Zharko, S. Zhou, L. Zou

We report the first measurement of the fraction of $J/\psi$ mesons coming from $B$-meson decay ($F_{B{\rightarrow}J/\psi}$) in $p$+$p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 510 GeV. The measurement is performed using the forward silicon vertex detector and central vertex detector at PHENIX, which provide precise tracking and distance-of-closest-approach determinations, enabling the statistical separation of $J/\psi$ due to $B$-meson decays from prompt $J/\psi$. The measured value of $F_{B{\rightarrow}J/\psi}$ is 8. Read More

Constructive resonances with minimum entropy are derived from measurements of photoelectric effect cross sections at atomic K-shell thresholds. A resonance region with optimal constructive interference is given by a principal wave length {\lambda} of the order of Bohr atom radius. Our study shows that the proton shape is not a sphere but it has an elliptical volumetric shape with two equal axes and the other different. Read More

We investigate the phase coherence of isoscalar pairs from the $B({\rm GT};0^+_1\,T\!=\!1 \to 1^+_1\,T\!=\!0)$ values in two-particle configurations of $A=6$, 18, and 42 nuclei and two-hole configurations of $A=14$ and 38 ones. We find that these Gamow-Teller (GT) matrix elements are always constructive and thus enlarged under isovector- and isoscalar-pairing Hamiltonians, whereas the observed GT strengths are strongly hindered for the two-hole configurations, including the famous $^{14}$C dating $\beta$ decay. This indicates that the actual isoscalar pair, unlike the isovector pair, has no definite phase coherence, which can work against forming isoscalar-pair condensates. Read More

We investigate the effects of both the hadronic mean-field and the softening of equation of state (EoS) on elliptic flow. The softening of EoS is realized by imposing attractive orbits in two body scattering, which can reduce the pressure of the system. We found that the softening of EoS leads to the enhancement of $v_2$, while the hadronic mean-filed suppresses $v_2$ relative to the cascade mode. Read More

Background: Large $\alpha$ yields have been reported over the years in reactions with $^{6}$Li and $^{7}$Li projectiles. Previous theoretical analyses have shown that the elastic breakup (EBU) mechanism (i.e. Read More

This study presents the development of large-area (18 $\times $ 18 $\times $ 2 cm$^3$), high refractive index ($n \sim $1.05) hydrophobic silica aerogel tiles for use as Cherenkov radiators. These transparent aerogel tiles will be installed in a Cherenkov detector for the next-generation accelerator-based particle physics experiment Belle II, to be performed at the High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK) in Japan. Read More

Modern experimental facilities, such as CBELSA, ELPH, JLab, MAMI and SPring-8 have provided a tremendous volume of data, often with wide energy and angular coverage, and with increasing precision. For reactions with two hadrons in the final state, these data are often presented as multiple sets of panels, with angular distributions at numerous specific energies. Such presentations have limited visual appeal, and their physical content is typically extracted through some model- dependent treatment. Read More

It is argued that the superposition approach, where partons are independently emitted from longitudinally extended sources in the early stage, is fully compatible with the experimental results for the forward-backward multiplicity correlations in Pb+Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=2.76 \textrm{ TeV}$. The pertinent correlation analysis is based on the PhD Thesis of Ref. Read More

The representation of the wave functions of the nucleon resonances within a relativistic framework is a complex task, particularly for resonances with negative parity. In a nonrelativistic framework the orthogonality between states can be imposed naturally. In a relativistic generalization, however, the derivation of the orthogonality condition between states can be problematic, particularly when the states have different masses. Read More

A new method to solve Dirac equation in 3D lattice is proposed, in which the variational collapse problem is avoided by inverse Hamiltonian method and the fermion doubling problem is avoided by performing spatial derivatives in momentum space with the help of discrete Fourier transform, i.e., spectral method. Read More

For the measurement of the electric dipole moment of protons and deuterons, a novel waveguide RF Wien filter has been designed and will soon be integrated at the COoler SYnchrotron at J\"ulich. The device operates at the harmonic frequencies of the spin motion. It is based on a waveguide structure that is capable of fulfilling the Wien filter condition ($\vec{E} \perp \vec{B}$) \textit{by design}. Read More

Non-perturbative methods play an important role in quantum many-body systems, especially in situations with an interplay of continuum and bound states and/or a large coupling strength between the constituents. One such method in calculating the equation of state of such systems is based on the Luttinger-Ward functional, representing a series of skeleton diagrams with fully dressed propagators. Here we extend the evaluation of this functional by resumming the ladder diagram series using a "matrix log" technique which accounts for dynamically formed bound and resonant states. Read More

Two-particle angular correlations were measured in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 7$ TeV. The analysis was carried out for pions, kaons, protons, and lambdas, for all particle/anti-particle combinations in the pair. Data for mesons exhibit an expected peak dominated by effects associated with mini-jets and are well reproduced by general purpose Monte Carlo generators. Read More

The CMS Collaboration presents the first measurement of the differential cross section of jets from charm quarks produced in proton-lead (pPb) collisions at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of sqrt(s[NN]) = 5.02 TeV, as well as results from charm quark jets in proton-proton (pp) collisions at sqrt(s)= 2.76 and 5. Read More

We present the charged-particle pseudorapidity density in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}}=5.02\,\mathrm{Te\kern-.25exV}$ in centrality classes measured by ALICE. Read More

In this work we study the radiative capture of ${\rm {}^3He}$ on ${\rm {}^4He}$ within the halo effective field theory framework. At leading order the capture amplitude comprises the initial state s-wave strong and Coulomb interactions summed to all orders, and depends on four parameters that can, in principle, be extracted from elastic ${\rm {}^3He}$-$\alpha$ scattering alone. At next-to-leading order, $s$- to p-wave initial state radiation with non-perturbative Coulomb and two-body currents contribute, with two extra parameters from the latter that are fitted to capture data. Read More

The internal excitation of nuclei after multi-nucleon transfer is estimated by using the time-dependent mean-field theory. Transfer probabilities for each channel as well as the energy loss after re-separation are calculated. By combining these two informations, we show that the excitation energy distribution of the transfer fragments can be obtained separately for the different transfer channels. Read More

The nucleon generalized polarizabilities (GPs), probed in virtual Compton scattering (VCS), describe the spatial distribution of the polarization density in a nucleon. They are accessed experimentally via the process of electron-proton bremsstrahlung ($ep\to ep\gamma$) at electron-beam facilities, such as MIT-Bates, CEBAF (Jefferson Lab), and MAMI (Mainz). We present the calculation of the nucleon GPs and VCS observables at next-to-leading order in baryon chiral perturbation theory (B$\chi$PT), and confront the results with the empirical information. Read More