# Nuclear Experiment Publications (50)

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## Nuclear Experiment Publications

**Affiliations:**

^{1}CERN,

^{2}LBNL

Medium effects on the production of high-$p_{\rm T}$ particles in nucleus-nucleus (AA) collisions are generally quantified by the nuclear modification factor ($R_{\rm AA}$), defined to be unity in absence of nuclear effects. Modeling particle production including a nucleon-nucleon impact parameter dependence, we demonstrate that $R_{\rm AA}$ at midrapidity in peripheral AA collisions can be significantly affected by event selection and geometry biases. Even without jet quenching and shadowing, these biases cause an apparent suppression for $R_{\rm AA}$ in peripheral collisions, and are relevant for all types of hard probes and all collision energies. Read More

**Authors:**R. Arnold, C. Augier, A. S. Barabash, A. Basharina-Freshville, S. Blondel, S. Blot, M. Bongrand, D. Boursette, V. Brudanin, J. Busto, A. J. Caffrey, S. Calvez, M. Cascella, C. Cerna, J. P. Cesar, A. Chapon, E. Chauveau, A. Chopra, L. Dawson, D. Duchesneau, D. Durand, V. Egorov, G. Eurin, J. J. Evans, L. Fajt, D. Filosofov, R. Flack, X. Garrido, H. Gómez, B. Guillon, P. Guzowski, R. Hodák, A. Huber, P. Hubert, C. Hugon, S. Jullian, A. Klimenko, O. Kochetov, S. I. Konovalov, V. Kovalenko, D. Lalanne, K. Lang, Y. Lemière, T. Le Noblet, Z. Liptak, X. R. Liu, P. Loaiza, G. Lutter, M. Macko, C. Macolino, F. Mamedov, C. Marquet, F. Mauger, B. Morgan, J. Mott, I. Nemchenok, M. Nomachi, F. Nova, F. Nowacki, H. Ohsumi, C. Patrick, R. B. Pahlka, F. Perrot, F. Piquemal, P. Povinec, P. Přidal, Y. A. Ramachers, A. Remoto, J. L. Reyss, C. L. Riddle, E. Rukhadze, R. Saakyan, R. Salazar, X. Sarazin, Yu. Shitov, L. Simard, F. Šimkovic, A. Smetana, K. Smolek, A. Smolnikov, S. Söldner-Rembold, B. Soulé, D. Štefánik, I. Štekl, J. Suhonen, C. S. Sutton, G. Szklarz, J. Thomas, V. Timkin, S. Torre, Vl. I. Tretyak, V. I. Tretyak, V. I. Umatov, I. Vanushin, C. Vilela, V. Vorobel, D. Waters, F. Xie, A. Žukauskas

We report the results of a first experimental search for lepton number violation by four units in the neutrinoless quadruple-$\beta$ decay of $^{150}$Nd using a total exposure of $0.19$ kg$\cdot$y recorded with the NEMO-3 detector at the Modane Underground Laboratory (LSM). We find no evidence of this decay and set lower limits on the half-life in the range $T_{1/2}>(1. Read More

In this paper we present a detailed comparison of the dijet production by photon -- photon, photon -- pomeron and pomeron -- pomeron interactions in ${\rm pp}$, ${\rm pA}$ and ${\rm AA}$ collisions at the LHC energy. The transverse momentum, pseudo -- rapidity and angular dependencies of the cross sections are calculated at LHC energy using the Forward Physics Monte Carlo (FPMC), which allows to obtain realistic predictions for the dijet production with two leading intact hadrons. We obtain that $\gamma \mathbb {P}$ channel is dominant at forward rapidities in ${\rm pp}$ collisions and in the full kinematical range in nuclear collisions of heavy nuclei. Read More

A future Electron Ion Collider (EIC) will be able to provide collisions of polarized electrons with protons and heavy ions over a wide range of center-of-mass energies (20 $\mathrm{GeV}$ to 140 $\mathrm{GeV}$) at an instanteous luminosity of $10^{33} - 10^{34}$ cm$^{-2}$s$^{-1}$. One of its promising physics programs is the study of the partonic structure of quasi-real photons. Measuring di-jets in quasi-real photoproduction events, one can effectively access the underlying parton dynamics of the photons. Read More

We study the transverse momentum distribution of hadrons within jets, where the transverse momentum is defined with respect to the standard jet axis. We consider the case where the jet substructure measurement is performed for an inclusive jet sample $pp\to\text{jet}+X$. We demonstrate that this observable provides new opportunities to study transverse momentum dependent fragmentation functions (TMDFFs) which are currently poorly constrained from data, especially for gluons. Read More

In this article we present an automatic method for charge and mass identification of charged nuclear fragments produced in heavy ion collisions at intermediate energies. The algorithm combines a generative model of DeltaE - E relation and a Covariance Matrix Adaptation Evolutionary Strategy (CMA-ES). The CMA-ES is a stochastic and derivative-free method employed to search parameter space of the model by means of a fitness function. Read More

Various estimates of the even-odd effect of the mass shell of atomic nuclei are considered. Based on the experimental mass values of the Ca, Sn, and Pb isotopes, the dependence of the energy gap on the neutrons number is traced and the relationship of this characteristic to the properties of external neutron subshells is shown. In nuclei with closed proton shells, effects directly related to neutron pairing and effects of nucleon shells are discussed. Read More

**Authors:**A. Aduszkiewicz, Y. Ali, E. V. Andronov, T. Antićić, B. Baatar, M. Baszczyk, S. Bhosale, A. Blondel, M. Bogomilov, A. Brandin, A. Bravar, J. Brzychczyk, S. A. Bunyatov, O. Busygina, H. Cherif, M. Ćirković, T. Czopowicz, A. Damyanova, N. Davis, H. Dembinski, M. Deveaux, W. Dominik, P. Dorosz, J. Dumarchez, R. Engel, A. Ereditato, S. Faas, G. A. Feofilov, Z. Fodor, C. Francois, A. Garibov, X. Garrido, M. Gaździcki, M. Golubeva, K. Grebieszkow, F. Guber, A. Haesler, A. E. Hervé, J. Hylen, S. N. Igolkin, A. Ivashkin, S. R. Johnson, K. Kadija, E. Kaptur, M. Kiełbowicz, V. A. Kireyeu, V. Klochkov, V. I. Kolesnikov, D. Kolev, A. Korzenev, V. N. Kovalenko, K. Kowalik, S. Kowalski, M. Koziel, A. Krasnoperov, W. Kucewicz, M. Kuich, A. Kurepin, D. Larsen, A. László, T. V. Lazareva, M. Lewicki, B. Lundberg, B. Łysakowski, V. V. Lyubushkin, M. Maćkowiak-Pawłowska, B. Maksiak, A. I. Malakhov, D. Manić, A. Marchionni, A. Marcinek, A. D. Marino, I. C. Mariş, K. Marton, H. -J. Mathes, T. Matulewicz, V. Matveev, G. L. Melkumov, A. O. Merzlaya, B. Messerly, Ł. Mik, G. B. Mills, S. Morozov, S. Mrówczyński, Y. Nagai, M. Naskręt, V. Ozvenchuk, V. Paolone, M. Pavin, O. Petukhov, C. Pistillo, R. Płaneta, P. Podlaski, B. A. Popov, M. Posiadała, S. Puławski, J. Puzović, R. Rameika, W. Rauch, M. Ravonel, R. Renfordt, E. Richter-Wąs, D. Röhrich, E. Rondio, M. Roth, M. Ruprecht, B. T. Rumberger, A. Rustamov, M. Rybczynski, A. Rybicki, A. Sadovsky, K. Schmidt, I. Selyuzhenkov, A. Yu. Seryakov, P. Seyboth, M. Słodkowski, A. Snoch, P. Staszel, G. Stefanek, J. Stepaniak, M. Strikhanov, H. Ströbele, T. Šuša, M. Szuba, A. Taranenko, A. Tefelska, D. Tefelski, V. Tereshchenko, A. Toia, R. Tsenov, L. Turko, R. Ulrich, M. Unger, F. F. Valiev, D. Veberič, V. V. Vechernin, M. Walewski, A. Wickremasinghe, C. Wilkinson, Z. Włodarczyk, A. Wojtaszek-Szwarc, O. Wyszyński, L. Zambelli, E. D. Zimmerman, R. Zwaska

We present measurements of $\rho^0$, $\omega$ and K$^{*0}$ spectra in $\pi^{-} + $C production interactions at 158 GeV/c and $\rho^0$ spectra at 350 GeV/c using the NA61/SHINE spectrometer at the CERN SPS. Spectra are presented as a function of the Feynman's variable $x_\text{F}$ in the range $0 < x_\text{F} < 1$ and $0 < x_\text{F} < 0.5$ for 158 GeV/c and 350 GeV/c respectively. Read More

We develop a set of kinetic equations for hydrodynamic fluctuations which are equivalent to nonlinear hydrodynamics with noise. The hydro-kinetic equations can be coupled to existing second order hydrodynamic codes to incorporate the physics of these fluctuations, which become dominant near the critical point. We use the hydro-kinetic equations to calculate the modifications of energy momentum tensor by thermal fluctuations from the earliest moments and at late times in Bjorken expansion. Read More

Measurement of M, the total multiplicity, for central collision between comparable mass heavy ions can provide a signature for first order phase transition. The derivative of M with respect to E*/A where E* is the excitation energy in the centre of mass and A the total mass of the dissociating system is expected to go through maximum as a function of E*. Theoretical modelling shows that this is the energy where the specific heat C_v maximizes which typically happens at first order phase transition. Read More

Highlights of news from Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) and results from the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) in the period July 2015-2016 are presented. Transverse single spin asymmetries from polarized p+p collisions are presented for $\pi^0$ and jets as a function of Feynman $x_F$. An energy scan to study the $\sqrt{s}$ dependence of collectivity and flow for small systems was performed as well as a high luminosity Au$+$Au run. Read More

We present an account of the current status of the theoretical treatment of inclusive $(d,p)$ reactions in the breakup-fusion formalism, pointing to some applications and making the connection with current experimental capabilities. Three independent implementations of the reaction formalism have been recently developed, making use of different numerical strategies. The codes also originally relied on two different but equivalent representations, namely the prior (Udagawa-Tamura, UT) and the post (Ichimura-Austern-Vincent, IAV) representations. Read More

Over the last two decades transfer reactions have seen a resurgence following developments in methods to use them with exotic beams. An important step in this evolution was the ability to perform the (d,p) reaction on fission fragment beams using the inverse kinematics technique, built on the experience with light beams. There has been renewed interest in using ($^9$Be, $^8$Be) and ($^{13}$C, $^{12}$C) reactions to selectively populate single-particle like states that can be studied via their subsequent decay. Read More

A scaling phenomenon in the cross section for fragments has been found in the projectile fragmentation reaction, and an empirical scaling formula is proposed by considering the dependence of cross section on the size and asymmetry of the reaction system and the fragment itself. Furthermore, the empirical scaling formula is used to predict the production of fragment in the $^{68}$Ni/$^{69}$Cu/$^{72}$Zn + $^9$Be reactions around 90$A$ MeV. Compared to the results calculated by the statistical abrasion ablation model and the {\sc epax3} parameterizations, the empirical scaling formula can better reproduce the measured fragments. Read More

We investigate structure of $^{13}_\Lambda{\rm C}$ and discuss the difference and similarity between the structures of $^{12}{\rm C}$ and $^{13}_\Lambda{\rm C}$ by answering the questions if the linear-chain and gaslike cluster states, which are proposed to appear in $^{12}{\rm C}$, survives, or new structure states appear or not. We introduce a microscopic cluster model called, Hyper-Tohsaki-Horiuchi-Schuck-R\"opke (H-THSR) wave function, which is an extended version of the THSR wave function so as to describe $\Lambda$ hypernuclei. We obtained two bound states and two resonance (quasi-bound) states for $J^\pi=0^+$ in $^{13}_\Lambda{\rm C}$, corresponding to the four $0^+$ states in $^{12}{\rm C}$. Read More

**Authors:**M. Dieterle, L. Witthauer, F. Cividini, S. Abt, P. Achenbach, P. Adlarson, F. Afzal, Z. Ahmed, C. S. Akondi, J. R. M. Annand, H. J. Arends, M. Bashkanov, R. Beck, M. Biroth, N. S. Borisov, A. Braghieri, W. J. Briscoe, S. Costanza, C. Collicott, A. Denig, E. J. Downie, P. Drexler, M. I. Ferretti-Bondy, S. Gardner, S. Garni, D. I. Glazier, D. Glowa, W. Gradl, M. Günther, G. M. Gurevich, D. Hamilton, D. Hornidge, G. M. Huber, A. Käser, V. L. Kashevarov, S. Kay, I. Keshelashvili, R. Kondratiev, M. Korolija, B. Krusche, A. B. Lazarev, J. M. Linturi, V. Lisin, K. Livingston, S. Lutterer, I. J. D. MacGregor, J. Mancell, D. M. Manley, P. P. Martel, V. Metag, W. Meyer, R. Miskimen, E. Mornacchi, A. Mushkarenkov, A. B. Neganov, A. Neiser, M. Oberle, M. Ostrick, P. B. Otte, D. Paudyal, P. Pedroni, A. Polonski, S. N. Prakhov, A. Rajabi, G. Reicherz, G. Ron, T. Rostomyan, A. Sarty, C. Sfienti, M. H. Sikora, V. Sokhoyan, K. Spieker, O. Steffen, I. I. Strakovsky, Th. Strub, I. Supek, A. Thiel, M. Thiel, A. Thomas, M. Unverzagt, Yu. A. Usov, S. Wagner, N. K. Walford D. P. Watts, D. Werthmüller, J. Wettig, M. Wolfes, L. Zana

**Category:**Nuclear Experiment

The double-polarization observable $E$ and the helicity-dependent cross sections $\sigma_{1/2}$ and $\sigma_{3/2}$ have been measured for the first time for single $\pi^{0}$ photoproduction from protons and neutrons bound in the deuteron at the electron accelerator facility MAMI in Mainz, Germany. The experiment used a circularly polarized photon beam and a longitudinally polarized deuterated butanol target. The reaction products, recoil nucleons and decay photons from the $\pi^0$ meson were detected with the Crystal Ball and TAPS electromagnetic calorimeters. Read More

We give a precision analysis of the correlation coefficients of the electron-energy spectrum and angular distribution of the beta decay and radiative beta decay of the neutron with polarized neutron and electron to order 10^(-3). The calculation of correlation coefficients is carried out within the Standard model with contributions of order 10^(-3), caused by the weak magnetism and proton recoil, taken to next-to-leading order in the large proton mass expansion, and with radiative corrections of order "alpha/pi ~ 10^(-3", calculated to leading order in the large proton mass expansion. The obtained results can be used for the planning of experiments on the search for contributions of order 10^(-4) of interactions beyond the Standard model. Read More

We demonstrate that the microscopic Time-dependent Hartree-Fock (TDHF) theory provides an important approach to shed light on the nuclear dynamics leading to the formation of superheavy elements. In particular, we discuss studying quasifission dynamics and calculating ingredients for compound nucleus formation probability calculations. We also discuss possible extensions to TDHF to address the distribution of observables. Read More

**Authors:**A. Yoshimi, H. Hara, T. Hiraki, Y. Kasamatsu, S. Kitao, Y. Kobayashi, K. Konashi, R. Masuda, T. Masuda, Y. Miyamoto, K. Okai, S. Okubo, R. Ozaki, N. Sasao, O. Sato, M. Seto, T. Schumm, Y. Shigekawa, S. Stellmer, K. Suzuki, S. Uetake, M. Watanabe, A. Yamaguchi, Y. Yasuda, Y. Yoda, K. Yoshimura, M. Yoshimura

Nuclear resonant excitation of the 29.19-keV level in $^{229}$Th with high-brilliance synchrotron- radiation and detection of its decay signal, are proposed with the aim of populating the extremely low-energy isomeric state of $^{229}$Th.The proposed experiment, known as nuclear resonant scattering (NRS), has the merit of being free from uncertainties about the isomer level energy. Read More

The heavy-ion induced reactions on intermediate mass targets are complex in nature, even at the low energies. To understand those nuclear reaction phenomena in detail, more experimental studies are required in a wide range of energy. Heavy-ion reactions were investigated by measuring production cross sections of the residues produced in the $^{11}$B-induced reactions on $^{89}$Y and $^{93}$Nb at low energies, near and above the barrier, and to check the effectiveness of the different nuclear models to explain them. Read More

Formally, the cross section for producing a heavy evaporation residue, {\sigma}EVR, in a fusion reaction can be written as. \begin{equation} \sigma_{\rm EVR}(E)=\frac{\pi h^2}{2\mu E}\sum\limits_{\ell=0}^\infty (2\ell+1)T(E,\ell)P_{\rm CN}(E,\ell)W_{\rm sur}(E,\ell), \end{equation} where E is the center of mass energy, and T is the probability of the colliding nuclei to overcome the potential barrier in the entrance channel and reach the contact point. PCN is the probability that the projectile-target system will evolve from the contact point to the compound nucleus. Read More

Ultra-peripheral Pb-Pb collisions, in which the two nuclei pass close to each other, but at an impact parameter greater than the sum of their radii, provide information about the initial state of nuclei. In particular, heavy vector meson production, where the particle mass sets a hard scale, proceeds in such collisions by photon-gluon interactions, and gives access to nuclear PDFs. The ALICE collaboration has published measurements of J/psi and psi(2S) photoproduction in ultra-peripheral collisions in LHC Run 1 at forward (J/psi) and mid-rapidity, and has obtained a substantially larger data set in 2015 from LHC Run 2, allowing much more detailed studies of the production mechanism to be performed. Read More

Highly energetic jets and photons are complementary probes for the kinematics and the topology of nuclear collisions. Jets are collimated sprays of charged and neutral particles, which are produced in the fragmentation of hard scattered partons in an early stage of the collision. While traversing the medium formed in nuclear collisions, they lose energy and therefore carry information about the interaction of partons with the medium. Read More

$\phi$-meson--nucleus bound state energies and absorption widths are calculated for seven selected nuclei by solving the Klein-Gordon equation with complex optical potentials. Essential input for the calculations, namely the medium-modified $K$ and $\overline{K}$ meson masses, as well as the density distributions in nuclei, are obtained from the quark-meson coupling model. The attractive potential for the $\phi$-meson in the nuclear medium originates from the in-medium enhanced $K\overline{K}$ loop in the $\phi$-meson self-energy. Read More

We test common fluence diagnostics in the regime of very low burnup natural uranium reactor samples. The fluence diagnostics considered are the uranium isotopics ratios $^{235}$U/$^{238}$U and $^{236}$U/$^{235}$U, for which we find simple analytic formulas agree well with full reactor simulation predictions. Both ratios agree reasonably well with one another for fluences in the mid $10^{19}\,\mathrm{n/cm^2}$ range. Read More

In this Letter I argue that the Surrogate Method, used to extract the fast neutron capture cross section on actinide target nuclei, which has important practical application for the next generation of breeder reactors, and the Trojan Horse Method employed to extract reactions of importance to nuclear astrophysics, have a common foundation, the Inclusive Non-Elastic Breakup (INEB)Theory. Whereas the Surrogate Method relies on the premise that the extracted neutron cross section in a (d,p) reaction is predominantly a compound nucleus one, the Trojan Horse Method, assumes a predominantly direct process for the secondary reaction induced by the surrogate fragment. In general, both methods contain both direct and compound contributions, and I show how theses seemingly distinct methods are in fact the same but at different energies and different kinematic regions. Read More

We review recent experimental and theoretical progress in understanding the microscopic details of clustering in nuclei. We discuss recent experimental results on alpha-conjugate systems, alpha-states in heavy systems, molecular structures in neutron-rich nuclei, and constraints for ab initio theory. We then examine nuclear clustering in a wide range of theoretical methods, including the resonating group and generator coordinate methods, antisymmetrized molecular dynamics, fermionic molecular dynamics, Tohsaki-Horiuchi-Schuck-R\"opke wave function and container model, no-core shell model methods, continuum quantum Monte Carlo, lattice effective field theory, and several approaches to clustering in heavier systems. Read More

An array of eight CsI(Tl) detectors has been set up to measure the light charged particles in nuclear reactions using heavy ions from the Pelletron Linac Facility, Mumbai. The energy response of CsI(Tl) detector to $\alpha$-particles from 5 to 40 MeV is measured using radioactive sources and the $^{12}$C($^{12}$C, $\alpha$) reaction populating discrete states in $^{20}$Ne. The energy non-linearity and the count rate effect on the pulse shape discrimination property have also been measured and observed the deterioration of pulse shape discrimination with higher count rate. Read More

Thirty years ago, the suppression of quarkonium production in heavy-ion collisions was first proposed as an unambiguous signature for the formation of a Quark-Gluon Plasma. Recent results from the LHC run 2 have led to an unprecedented level of precision on this observable and, together with new data from RHIC, are providing an accurate picture of the influence of the medium created in nuclear collisions on the various charmonium (J/$\psi$, $\psi$(2S)) and bottomonium ($\Upsilon(1S)$, $\Upsilon(2S)$, $\Upsilon(3S)$) states, studied via their decay into lepton pairs. In this contribution, I will review the new results presented at Quark Matter 2017, emphasizing their relation with previous experimental observations and comparing them, where possible, with theoretical calculations. Read More

The spectral shape of the electrons from the two first-forbidden unique beta- decays of Ar-39 and Ar-42 were calculated for the first time to the next-to-leading order. Especially the spectral shape of the Ar-39 decay can be used to characterise this background component for dark matter searches based on argon. Alternatively, due to the low thresholds of these experiments, the spectral shape can be investigated over a wide energy range with high statistics and thus allow a sensitive comparison with the theoretical predictions. Read More

**Authors:**P. Adsley, J. W. Brümmer, K. C. W. Li, D. J. Marín-Lámbarri, N. Y. Kheswa, L. M. Donaldson, R. Neveling, P. Papka, L. Pellegri, V. Pesudo, L. C. Pool, F. D. Smit, J. J. van Zyl

**Category:**Nuclear Experiment

Background: The $^{22}$Ne($\alpha,n$)$^{25}$Mg reaction is one of the neutron sources for the $s$-process in massive stars. The properties of levels in $^{26}$Mg above the $\alpha$-particle threshold control the strengths of the $^{22}$Ne($\alpha,n$)$^{25}$Mg and $^{22}$Ne($\alpha,\gamma$)$^{26}$Mg reactions. The strengths of these reactions as functions of temperature are one of the major uncertainties in the $s$-process. Read More

Spectroscopic properties of odd-mass nuclei are studied within the framework of the interacting boson-fermion model (IBFM) with parameters based on the Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (HFB) approximation. The parametrization D1M of the Gogny energy density functional (EDF) has been used at the mean-field level to obtain the deformation energy surfaces for the considered nuclei in terms of the quadrupole deformations ($\beta,\gamma$). In addition to the energy surfaces, both single particle energies and occupation probabilities have been used as a microscopic input for building the IBFM Hamiltonian. Read More

**Authors:**P. C. Rout, A. Gandhi, T. Basak, R. G. Thomas, C. Ghosh, A. Mitra, G. Mishra, S. P. Behera, R. Kujur, E. T. Mirgule, B. K. Nayak, A. Saxena, Suresh Kumar, V. M. Datar

The response of the liquid scintillator (EJ-301 equivalent to NE-213) to the monoenergetic electrons produced in Compton scattered $\gamma$-ray tagging has been carried out for various radioactive $\gamma$-ray sources. The measured electron response is found to be linear up to $\sim$4~MeVee and the resolution of the liquid scintillator at 1~MeVee is observed to be $\sim$~11\%. The pulse shape discrimination and pulse height response of the liquid scintillator for neutrons has been measured using $^7$Li(p,n$_1$)$^7$Be*(0. Read More

Topological gluon configurations in quantum chromodynamics induce quark chirality imbalance over local domains, which can result in electric charge separation along the magnetic field in relativistic heavy ion collisions--the chiral magnetic effect (CME). Experimental searches for the CME via charge-dependent azimuthal correlations ($\Delta\gamma$) suffer from large backgrounds arising from particle correlations (e.g. Read More

**Authors:**A. Kumar, R. Kanungo, A. Calci, P. Navratil, A. Sanetullaev, M. Alcorta, V. Bildstein, G. Christian, B. Davids, J. Dohet-Eraly, J. Fallis, A. T. Gallant, G. Hackman, B. Hadinia, G. Hupin, S. Ishimoto, R. Krücken, A. T. Laffoley, J. Lighthall, D. Miller, S. Quaglioni, J. S. Randhawa, E. T. Rand, A. Rojas, R. Roth, A. Shotter, J. Tanaka, I. Tanihata, C. Unsworth

How does nature hold together protons and neutrons to form the wide variety of complex nuclei in the universe? Describing many-nucleon systems from the fundamental theory of quantum chromodynamics has been the greatest challenge in answering this question. The chiral effective field theory description of the nuclear force now makes this possible but requires certain parameters that are not uniquely determined. Defining the nuclear force needs identification of observables sensitive to the different parametrizations. Read More

We present a framework that describes the energy distribution of subjets of radius $r$ within a jet of radius $R$. We consider both an inclusive sample of subjets as well as subjets centered around a predetermined axis, from which the jet shape can be obtained. For $r \ll R$ we factorize the physics at angular scales $r$ and $R$ to resum the logarithms of $r/R$. Read More

Observation of a narrow structure at $W\sim 1.68$ GeV in the excitation functions of some photon- and pion-induced reactions may signal a new narrow isospin-1/2 $N(1685)$ resonance. New data on the $\gamma N \to \pi \eta N$ reactions from GRAAL seems to reveal the signals of both $N^+(1685)$ and $N^0(1685)$ resonances. Read More

We establish a relation between the equation of state (EOS) of nuclear matter and the fourth-order symmetry energy $a_{\rm{sym,4}}(A)$ of finite nuclei in a semi-empirical nuclear mass formula by self-consistently considering the bulk, surface and Coulomb contributions to the nuclear mass. Such a relation allows us to extract information on nuclear matter fourth-order symmetry energy $E_{\rm{sym,4}}(\rho_0)$ at normal nuclear density $\rho_0$ from analyzing nuclear mass data. Based on the recent precise extraction of $a_{\rm{sym,4}}(A)$ via the double difference of the "experimental" symmetry energy extracted from nuclear masses, for the first time, we estimate a value of $E_{\rm{sym,4}}(\rho_0) = 20. Read More

We present the first ever measurements of femtoscopic correlations between the K$^0_{\rm S}$ and K$^{\rm \pm}$ particles. The analysis was performed on the data from Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}=2.76$ TeV measured by the ALICE experiment. Read More

We perform a coupled-channels study of the low-lying states in $^{13,15,17,19}_{~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~\Lambda}$C with a covariant energy density functional based microscopic particle-core coupling model. The energy differences of $1/2^-$ and $3/2^-$ states in $^{13}_\Lambda$C and $^{15}_\Lambda$C are predicted to be 0.25 MeV and 0. Read More

Recently, we have reported a novel role of pairing in low-energy heavy ion reactions at energies above the Coulomb barrier, which may have a detectable impact on reaction outcomes, such as the kinetic energy of fragments and the fusion cross section [arXiv:1611.10261, arXiv:1702.00069]. Read More

Interference effect of neutron capture cross section between the compound and direct processes is investigated. The compound process is calculated by resonance parameters and the direct process by the potential mode. The interference effect is tested for neutron-rich $^{82}$Ge and $^{134}$Sn nuclei relevant to $r$-process and light nucleus $^{13}$C which is neutron poison in the $s$-process and produces long-lived radioactive nucleus $^{14}$C ($T_{1/2}=5700$ y). Read More

We characterize the neutron output of a deuterium-deuterium plasma fusion neutron generator. The measured energy spectrum is found to be dominated by neutron peaks at 2.2 MeV and 2. Read More

Measurements of the ratio of the proton elastic form factors ($\mu_pG_E/G_M$) using Rosenbluth separation and those using polarization-based techniques show a strong discrepancy, which has persisted both in modern experimental results and in re-analyses of previous data. The most widely accepted hypothesis to explain this discrepancy is the treatment of the contributions from hard two-photon exchange (TPE) to elastic electron-proton scattering in the radiative corrections applied to the Rosenbluth separation measurements. Calculations of the hard TPE contribution are highly model dependent, but the effect may be measured experimentally with a precise determination of the ratio of the positron-proton and electron-proton elastic scattering cross sections. Read More

The differential production cross sections of B+/- mesons are measured via the exclusive decay channels B+/- to J/psi K+/- to mu+ mu - K+/- as a function of transverse momentum in pp and PbPb collisions at a center-of-mass energy sqrt(s[NN])=5.02 TeV per nucleon pair with the CMS detector at the LHC. The pp (PbPb) dataset used for this analysis corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 28. Read More

**Authors:**D. Ho, P. Peng, C. Bass, P. Collins, A. D'Angelo, A. Deur, J. Fleming, C. Hanretty, T. Kageya, M. Khandaker, F. J. Klein, E. Klempt, V. Laine, M. M. Lowry, H. Lu, C. Nepali, V. A. Nikonov, T. O'Connell, A. M. Sandorfi, A. V. Sarantsev, R. A. Schumacher, I. I. Strakovsky, A. Švarc, N. K. Walford, X. Wei, C. S. Whisnant, R. L. Workman, I. Zonta, K. P. Adhikari, D. Adikaram, Z. Akbar, M. J. Amaryan, S. Anefalos Pereira, H. Avakian, J. Ball, M. Bashkanov, M. Battaglieri, V. Batourine, I. Bedlinskiy, W. J. Briscoe, V. D. Burkert, D. S. Carman, A. Celentano, G. Charles, T. Chetry, G. Ciullo, L. Clark, L. Colaneri, P. L. Cole, M. Contalbrigo, V. Crede, N. Dashyan, E. De Sanctis, R. De Vita, C. Djalali, R. Dupre, A. El Alaoui, L. El Fassi, L. Elouadrhiri, G. Fedotov, S. Fegan, R. Fersch, A. Filippi, A. Fradi, Y. Ghandilyan, G. P. Gilfoyle, F. X. Girod, D. I. Glazier, C. Gleason, W. Gohn, E. Golovatch, R. W. Gothe, K. A. Griffioen, M. Guidal, L. Guo, H. Hakobyan, N. Harrison, K. Hicks, M. Holtrop, S. M. Hughes, Y. Ilieva, D. G. Ireland, B. S. Ishkhanov, E. L. Isupov, D. Jenkins, H. Jiang, H. S. Jo, K. Joo, S. Joosten, D. Keller, G. Khachatryan, A. Kim, W. Kim, A. Klein, V. Kubarovsky, S. V. Kuleshov, L. Lanza, P. Lenisa, K. Livingston, I . J . D. MacGregor, N. Markov, B. McKinnon, T. Mineeva, V. Mokeev, R. A. Montgomery, A Movsisyan, C. Munoz Camacho, G. Murdoch, S. Niccolai, G. Niculescu, M. Osipenko, M. Paolone, R. Paremuzyan, K. Park, E. Pasyuk, W. Phelps, O. Pogorelko, J. W. Price, S. Procureur, D. Protopopescu, M. Ripani, D. Riser, B. G. Ritchie, A. Rizzo, G. Rosner, F. Sabatié, C. Salgado, Y. G. Sharabian, Iu. Skorodumina, G. D. Smith, D. I. Sober, D. Sokhan, N. Sparveris, S. Strauch, Ye Tian, B. Torayev, M. Ungaro, H. Voskanyan, D. P. Watts, M. H. Wood, N. Zachariou, J. Zhang, Z. W. Zhao

**Category:**Nuclear Experiment

We report the first beam-target double-polarization asymmetries in the $\gamma + n(p) \rightarrow \pi^- + p(p)$ reaction spanning the nucleon resonance region from invariant mass $W$= $1500$ to $2300$ MeV. Circularly polarized photons and longitudinally polarized deuterons in $H\!D$ have been used with the CLAS detector at Jefferson Lab. The exclusive final state has been extracted using three very different analyses that show excellent agreement, and these have been used to deduce the {\it{E}} polarization observable for an effective neutron target. Read More

The Workshop on Nuclear Data Needs and Capabilities for Basic Science was held at the University of Notre Dame on 10-11 August 2016. The purpose of this targeted workshop was to assemble and prioritize the needs of the nuclear physics research community for data sets, services and capabilities in areas including nuclear structure, nuclear reactions, nuclear astrophysics, fundamental interactions, neutrino physics and nuclear theory. An overview of nuclear data needs and capabilities identified at this meeting are summarized in the present document. Read More

**Authors:**D. Lascar, R. Klawitter, C. Babcock, E. Leistenschneider, S. R. Stroberg, B. R. Barquest, A. Finlay, M. Foster, A. T. Gallant, P. Hunt, J. Kelly, B. Kootte, Y. Lan, S. F. Paul, M. L. Phan, M. P. Reiter, B. Schultz, D. Short, J. Simonis, C. Andreoiu, M. Brodeur, I. Dillmann, G. Gwinner, J. D. Holt, A. A. Kwiatkowski, K. G. Leach, J. Dilling

**Category:**Nuclear Experiment

We present the results of precision mass measurements of neutron-rich cadmium isotopes. These nuclei approach the $N=82$ waiting point in the astrophysical \emph{r}-process and are also important to nuclear structure as they lie near doubly-magic $^{132}$Sn on the chart of nuclides. Of particular note is the clear identification of the ground state mass in $^{127}$Cd along with the isomeric state. Read More

We study the net-charge fluctuations, $D$-measure variable, in high energy heavy-ion collisions in heavy-ion jet interaction generator (HIJING), ultrarelativistic quantum molecular dynamics (UrQMD) and hadron resonance gas (HRG) models for various center-of-mass energies (\sqsn). The effect of kinematic acceptance and resonance decay, in the pseudorapidity acceptance interval ($\Delta\eta$) and lower transverse momentum ($p_{T}^{min}$) threshold, on fluctuation measures are discussed. A strong dependence of $D$ with the $\Delta\eta$ in HIJING and UrQMD models is observed as opposed to results obtained from the HRG model. Read More

The second and the third order anisotropic flow, $V_{2}$ and $V_3$, are mostly determined by the corresponding initial spatial anisotropy coefficients, $\varepsilon_{2}$ and $\varepsilon_{3}$, in the initial density distribution. In addition to their dependence on the same order initial anisotropy coefficient, higher order anisotropic flow, $V_n$ ($n > 3$), can also have a significant contribution from lower order initial anisotropy coefficients, which leads to mode-coupling effects. In this Letter we investigate the linear and non-linear modes in higher order anisotropic flow $V_n$ for $n=4$, 5, and 6 in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}=2. Read More