Mathematics - Symplectic Geometry Publications (50)

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Mathematics - Symplectic Geometry Publications

We prove a {\Gamma}-equivariant version of the algebraic index theorem, where {\Gamma} is a discrete group of automorphisms of a formal deformation of a symplectic manifold. The particular cases of this result are the algebraic version of the transversal index theorem related to the theorem of A. Connes and H. Read More


We extend Floer theory for monotone Lagrangians to allow coefficients in local systems of arbitrary rank. Unlike the rank 1 case, this is often obstructed by Maslov 2 discs. We study exactly what the obstruction is and define some natural unobstructed subcomplexes. Read More


Let $M$ be a compact orientable surface equipped with a volume form $\omega$, $P$ be either $\mathbb{R}$ or $S^1$, $f:M\to P$ be a $C^{\infty}$ Morse map, and $H$ be the Hamiltonian vector field of $f$ with respect to $\omega$. Let also $\mathcal{Z}_{\omega}(f) \subset C^{\infty}(M,\mathbb{R})$ be set of all functions taking constant values along orbits of $H$, and $\mathcal{S}_{\mathrm{id}}(f,\omega)$ be the identity path component of the group of diffeomorphisms of $M$ mutually preserving $\omega$ and $f$. We construct a canonical map $\varphi: \mathcal{Z}_{\omega}(f) \to \mathcal{S}_{\mathrm{id}}(f,\omega)$ being a homeomorphism whenever $f$ has at least one saddle point, and an infinite cyclic covering otherwise. Read More


We introduce diffusively coupled networks where the dynamical system at each vertex is planar Hamiltonian. The problems we address are synchronisation and an analogue of diffusion-driven Turing instability for time-dependent homogeneous states. As a consequence of the underlying Hamiltonian structure there exist unusual behaviours compared with networks of coupled limit cycle oscillators or activator-inhibitor systems. Read More


In this paper we give detailed construction of $G$-equivariant Kuranishi chart of moduli spaces of pseudo-holomorphic curves to a symplectic manifold with $G$-action, for an arbitrary compact Lie group $G$. The proof is based on the deformation theory of {\it unstable} marked curves using the language of Lie groupoid (which is {\it not} necessary etale) and the Riemannnian center of mass technique. This proof is actually similar to [FOn,Sections 13 and 15] except the usage of the language of Lie groupoid makes the argument more transparent. Read More


We give several equivalent characterizations of orthogonal subbundles of the generalized tangent bundle defined, up to B-field transform, by almost product and local product structures. We also introduce a pure spinor formalism for generalized CRF-structure and investigate the resulting decomposition of the de Rham operator. As applications we give a characterization of generalized complex manifolds that are locally the product of generalized complex factors and discuss infinitesimal deformations of generalized CRF-structures. Read More


We consider a hyperk\"ahler reduction and describe it via frame bundles. Tracing the connection through the various reductions, we recover the results of Gocho and Nakajima. In addition, we show that the fibers of such a reduction are necessarily totally geodesic. Read More


We describe the quantization of a four-dimensional locally non-geometric M-theory background dual to a twisted three-torus by deriving a phase space star product for deformation quantization of quasi-Poisson brackets related to the nonassociative algebra of octonions. The construction is based on a choice of $G_2$-structure which defines a nonassociative deformation of the addition law on the seven-dimensional vector space of Fourier momenta. We demonstrate explicitly that this star product reduces to that of the three-dimensional parabolic constant $R$-flux model in the contraction of M-theory to string theory, and use it to derive quantum phase space uncertainty relations as well as triproducts for the nonassociative geometry of the four-dimensional configuration space. Read More


In this note we present a brief introduction to Lagrangian Floer homology and its relation with the solution of Arnol'd conjecture, on the minimal number of non-degenerate fixed points of a Hamiltonian diffeomorphism. We start with the basic definition of critical point on smooth manifolds, in oder to sketch some aspects of Morse theory. Introduction to the basics concepts of symplectic geometry are also included, with the idea of understanding the statement of Arnol'd Conjecture and how is related to the intersection of Lagrangian submanifolds. Read More


We prove that every nondegenerate contact form on a closed connected three-manifold, such that the associated contact structure has torsion first Chern class, has either two or infinitely many simple Reeb orbits. By previous results it follows that under the above assumptions, there are infinitely many simple Reeb orbits if the three-manifold is not the three-sphere or a lens space. We also show that for non-torsion contact structures, every nondegenerate contact form has at least four simple Reeb orbits. Read More


In the mapping class group of a $k$-holed torus with $0 \leq k \leq 9$, one can factorize the boundary multi-twist (or the identity when $k=0$) as the product of twelve right-handed Dehn twists. Such factorizations were explicitly given by Korkmaz and Ozbagci for each $k \leq 9$ and an alternative one for $k=8$ by Tanaka. In this note, we simplify their expressions for the $k$-holed torus relations. Read More


We prove that the cardinality of the intersection of two compact exact Lagrangian submanifolds in a cotangent bundle is bounded from below by the dimension of the Hom space of the Guillermou's sheaf quantizations of the Lagrangians in Tamarkin's category. This gives a purely sheaf-theoretic new proof of a result of Nadler and Fukaya-Seidel-Smith, which asserts that the cardinality is at least the sum of the Betti numbers of the base space. Read More


It has been shown that the Cauchy problem for geodesics in the space of K\"ahler metrics with a fixed cohomology class on a compact complex manifold $M$ can be effectively reduced to the problem of finding the flow of a related hamiltonian vector field $X_H$, followed by analytic continuation of the time to complex time. This opens the possibility of expressing the geodesic $\omega_t$ in terms of Gr\"obner Lie series of the form $\exp(\sqrt{-1} \, tX_H)(f)$, for local holomorphic functions $f$. The main goal of this paper is to use truncated Lie series as a new way of constructing approximate solutions to the geodesic equation. Read More


Ruan-Tian deformations of the Cauchy-Riemann operator enable a geometric definition of (standard) Gromov-Witten invariants of semi-positive symplectic manifolds in arbitrary genera. We describe an analogue of these deformations compatible with our recent construction of real Gromov-Witten invariants in arbitrary genera. Our approach avoids the need for an embedding of the universal curve into a smooth manifold and systematizes the deformation-obstruction setup behind constructions of Gromov-Witten invariants. Read More


This is the last part of a series of articles on a family of geometric structures (PACS-structures) which all have an underlying almost conformally symplectic structure. While the first part of the series was devoted to the general study of these structures, the second part focused on the case that the underlying structure is conformally symplectic (PCS-structures). In that case, we obtained a close relation to parabolic contact structures via a concept of parabolic contactification. Read More


Consider a pair $(X,L)$, of a Weinstein manifold $X$ with an exact Lagrangian submanifold $L$, with ideal contact boundary $(Y,\Lambda)$, where $Y$ is a contact manifold and $\Lambda\subset Y$ is a Legendrian submanifold. We introduce the Chekanov-Eliashberg DG-algebra, $CE^{\ast}(\Lambda)$, with coefficients in chains of the based loop space of $\Lambda$ and study its relation to the Floer cohomology $CF^{\ast}(L)$ of $L$. Using the augmentation induced by $L$, $CE^{\ast}(\Lambda)$ can be expressed as the Adams cobar construction $\Omega$ applied to a Legendrian coalgebra, $LC_{\ast}(\Lambda)$. Read More


In this paper, we define $A_{\infty}$-Koszul duals for directed $A_{\infty}$-categories in terms of twists in their $A_{\infty}$-derived categories. Then, we compute a concrete formula of $A_{\infty}$-Koszul duals for path algebras with directed $A_n$-type Gabriel quivers. To compute an $A_\infty$-Koszul dual of such an algebra $A$, we construct a directed subcategory of a Fukaya category which are $A_\infty$-derived equivalent to the category of $A$-modules and compute Dehn twists as twists. Read More


Shifted symplectic Lie and $L_\infty$ algebroids model formal neighbourhoods of manifolds in shifted symplectic stacks, and serve as target spaces for twisted variants of classical AKSZ topological field theory. In this paper, we classify zero-, one- and two-shifted symplectic algebroids and their higher gauge symmetries, in terms of classical geometric "higher structures", such as Courant algebroids twisted by $\Omega^2$-gerbes. As applications, we produce new examples of twisted Courant algebroids from codimension-two cycles, and we give symplectic interpretations for several well known features of higher structures (such as twists, Pontryagin classes, and tensor products). Read More


In this thesis, we study a class of special Lagrangian submanifolds of toric Calabi-Yau manifolds and construct their mirrors using some techniques developed in the SYZ programme. We present a justification on the conjecture on the mirror construction of D- branes in Aganagic-Vafa [2]. We apply the techniques employed in Chan-Lau-Leung [8] and Chan [6], which give the SYZ mirror construction for D-branes. Read More


We study vector bundles over Lie groupoids and their induced geometric objects over differentiable stacks. We establish a fundamental theorem that characterizes VB-Morita maps in terms of fiber and basic data, and prove the Morita invariance of VB-cohomology, with implications to deformation cohomology. We also discuss applications to Poisson geometry via Marsden-Weinstein reduction and the integration of Dirac structures. Read More


The classical Birkhoff conjecture claims that the boundary of a strictly convex integrable billiard table is necessarily an ellipse (or a circle as a special case). In this article we prove a local version of this conjecture: a small integrable perturbation of an ellipse must be an ellipse. This extends the result in [2], where only unperturbed ellipses of small eccentricities were considered. Read More


We describe supersymmetric A-branes and B-branes in N=(2,2) dynamically gauged nonlinear sigma models (GNLSM) on a worldsheet with boundaries, placing emphasis on toric manifold target spaces. For a subset of toric manifolds, these equivariant branes have a mirror description as branes in gauged Landau-Ginzburg models with neutral matter. We then study correlation functions in the topological A-twisted version of the GNLSM, and identify their values with open Hamiltonian Gromov-Witten invariants. Read More


We provide a direct formula for the interacting star product in perturbative Algebraic Quantum Field Theory. Our expression is non-perturbative in the coupling constant and is well defined on a regular interaction and observables. We also discuss perturbative agreement and perspectives for renormalization. Read More


Let $X$ be a smooth irreducible complex algebraic variety of dimension $n$ and $L$ a very ample line bundle on $X$. Given a toric degeneration of $(X,L)$ satisfying some natural technical hypotheses, we construct a deformation $\{J_s\}$ of the complex structure on $X$ and bases $\mathcal{B}_s$ of $H^0(X,L, J_s)$ so that $J_0$ is the standard complex structure and, in the limit as $s \to \infty$, the basis elements approach dirac-delta distributions centered at Bohr-Sommerfeld fibers of a moment map associated to $X$ and its toric degeneration. The theory of Newton-Okounkov bodies and its associated toric degenerations shows that the technical hypotheses mentioned above hold in some generality. Read More


We discuss the K\"ahler quantization of moduli spaces of vortices in line bundles over compact surfaces $\Sigma$. This furnishes a semiclassical framework for the study of quantum vortex dynamics in the Schr\"odinger-Chern-Simons model. We follow Deligne's approach to Quillen's metric in determinants of cohomology to construct all the quantum Hilbert spaces in this context. Read More


Let $A$ be a central quantization of an affine Poisson variety $X$ over a field of characteristic $p>0.$ We show that the completion of $A$ with respect to a closed point $y\in X$ is isomorphic to the tensor product of the Weyl algebra with a local Poisson algebra. This result can be thought of as a positive characteristic analogue of results of Losev and Kaledin about slice algebras of quantizations in characteristic 0. Read More


We prove that shifted cotangent stacks carry a canonical shifted symplectic structure. We also prove that shifted conormal stacks carry a canonical Lagrangian structure. These results were believed to be true but no written proof was available in the Artin case. Read More


We discover a new class of invariant metrics existing on the tangent bundle of any given almost-Hermitian manifold. We focus on the case of a Riemann surface. These metrics yield new examples of complete, K\"ahlerian and Ricci-flat manifolds in four dimensions. Read More


We construct connections on $S^1$-equivariant Hamiltonian Floer cohomology, which differentiate with respect to certain formal parameters. Read More


We consider two disjoint and homotopic non-contractible embedded loops on a Riemann surface and prove the existence of a non-contractible orbit for a Hamiltonian function on the surface whenever it is sufficiently large on one of the loops and sufficiently small on the other one. This gives the first example of an estimate from above for a generalized form of the Biran-Polterovich-Salamon capacity for a closed symplectic manifold. Read More


In this work, we showed that an autonomous dynamical system defined by a nonvanishing vector field on an orientable three dimensional manifold is globally bi-Hamiltonian if and only if Chern class of the normal bundle of the given vector field vanishes. Furthermore, bi-Hamiltonian structure is globally compatible if and only if the Bott class of the complex codimension one foliation defined by the given vector field vanishes. Read More


We show that up to isotopy there are exactly two oriented non-loose Legendrian unknots in $S^3$ with the same classical invariants (only one overtwisted contact structure on $S^3$ admits an unknot with these properties). This can be used to prove a result attributed to Y.~Che\-kan\-ov implying that the contact mapping class group of an overtwisted contact structure on $S^3$ depends on the contact structure. Read More


We generalize Keller's construction [Kel11] of deformed $n$-Calabi-Yau completions to the relative contexts. This gives a universal construction which extends any given DG functor $F : A \rightarrow B$ to a DG functor $\tilde{F} : \tilde{A} \rightarrow \tilde{B}$, together with a family of deformations of $\tilde{F}$ parametrized by relative negative cyclic homology classes $[\eta] \in HC^-_{n-2}(B,A)$. We show that, under a finiteness condition, these extensions have canonical relative $n$-Calabi-Yau structures in the sense of [BD]. Read More


We discuss how quantitative cohomological informations could provide qualitative properties on complex and symplectic manifolds. In particular we focus on the Bott-Chern and the Aeppli cohomology groups in both cases, since they represent useful tools in studying non K\"ahler geometry. We give an overview on the comparisons among the dimensions of the cohomology groups that can be defined and we show how we reach the $\partial\overline\partial$-lemma in complex geometry and the Hard-Lefschetz condition in symplectic geometry. Read More


We prove the Doran-Harder-Thompson conjecture in the case of elliptic curves by using ideas from SYZ mirror symmetry. The conjecture claims that when a Calabi-Yau manifold X degenerates to a union of two quasi-Fano manifolds (Tyurin degeneration), a mirror Calabi-Yau manifold of X can be constructed by gluing the two mirror Landau-Ginzburg models of the limit quasi-Fano manifolds. The two crucial ideas in our proof are to obtain a complex structure by gluing the underlying affine manifolds and to construct the theta functions from the Landau-Ginzburg superpotentials. Read More


We give a construction of completely integrable ($2n$)-dimensional Hamiltonian systems with symplectic brackets of the Lie-Poisson type (linear in coordinates) and with quadratic Hamilton functions. Applying to any such system the so called Kahan-Hirota-Kimura discretization scheme, we arrive at a birational ($2n$)-dimensional map. We show that this map is symplectic with respect to a symplectic structure that is a perturbation of the original symplectic structure on $\mathbb R^{2n}$, and possesses $n$ independent integrals of motion, which are perturbations of the original Hamilton functions and are in involution with respect to the invariant symplectic structure. Read More


We establish the algebraic origin of the following observations made previously by the authors and coworkers: (i) A given integrable PDE in $1+1$ dimensions within the Zakharov-Shabat scheme related to a Lax pair can be cast in two distinct, dual Hamiltonian formulations; (ii) Associated to each formulation is a Poisson bracket and a phase space (which are not compatible in the sense of Magri); (iii) Each matrix in the Lax pair satisfies a linear Poisson algebra a la Sklyanin characterized by the {\it same} classical $r$ matrix. We develop the general concept of dual Lax pairs and dual Hamiltonian formulation of an integrable field theory. We elucidate the origin of the common $r$-matrix structure by tracing it back to a single Lie-Poisson bracket on a suitable coadjoint orbit of the loop algebra ${\rm sl}(2,\CC) \otimes \CC (\lambda, \lambda^{-1})$. Read More


A (quasi-)Hamiltonian manifold is called multiplicity free if all of its symplectic reductions are 0-dimensional. In this paper, we classify multiplicity free Hamiltonian actions for (twisted) loop groups or, equivalently, multiplicity free (twisted) quasi-Hamiltonian manifolds for simply connected compact Lie groups. As a result we recover old and find new examples of these structures. Read More


In the present paper we introduce and study a new notion of toric manifold in the quaternionic setting. We develop a construction with which, starting from appropriate $m$-dimensional Delzant polytopes, we obtain manifolds of real dimension $4m$, acted on by $m$ copies of the group ${\rm Sp}(1)$ of unit quaternions. These manifolds are quaternionic regular and can be endowed with a $4$-plectic structure and a generalized moment map. Read More


We quantize the Toda system by viewing it is an orbit of a multiplicative group of lower triangular matrices of determinant one with positive diagonal entries. We get a unitary representation of the group with square integrable polarized sections of the quantization as the module . We find the Rawnsley coherent states by a completion of the above space of sections. Read More


We study obstructions to the existence of closed Fedosov's star products on a given K\"ahler manifold. In our previous paper, we proved that the Levi-Civita connection of a K\"ahler manifold will produce a closed (in the sense of Connes-Flato-Sternheimer) Fedosov's star product only if it is a zero of the Cahen-Gutt moment map on the space of symplectic connections. By analogy with the Futaki invariant obstructing the existence of cscK metrics, we build an obstruction for the existence of zero of the moment map and hence for the existence of closed Fedosov's star products on a K\"ahler manifold. Read More


In this paper, we prove that every graphical hypersurface in a prequantization bundle over a symplectic manifold $M$, pinched between two circle bundles whose ratio of radii is less than $\sqrt{2}$ carries either one short simple periodic orbit or carries at least $\operatorname{cuplength}(M)+1$ simple periodic Reeb orbits. Read More


We shall construct a natural Higgs bundle structure on the complexified K\"ahler cone of a compact K\"ahler manifold, which can be seen as an analogy of the classical Higgs bundle structure associated to a variation of Hodge structure. In the proof of the flat-ness of our Higgs bundle, we find a commutator identity that can be used to decode the variational properties of the polarized Hodge-Lefschetz module structure on the fibres of our Higgs bundle. Thus we can use a generalized version of Lu's Hodge metric to study the curvature property of the complexified K\"ahler cone. Read More


We elaborate on the construction of a prequantum 2-Hilbert space from a bundle gerbe over a 2-plectic manifold, providing the first steps in a program of higher geometric quantisation of closed strings in flux compactifications and of M5-branes in C-fields. We describe in detail the construction of the 2-category of bundle gerbes and the higher geometrical structures necessary to turn their categories of sections into 2-Hilbert spaces. We work out several explicit examples of 2-Hilbert spaces in the context of closed strings and M5-branes on flat space. Read More


Symplectic instanton homology is an invariant for closed oriented three-manifolds, defined by Manolescu and Woodward, which conjecturally corresponds to a symplectic version of a variant of Floer's instanton homology. In this thesis we study the behaviour of this invariant under connected sum, Dehn surgery, and four-dimensional cobordisms. We prove a K\"unneth-type formula for the connected sum : let $Y$ and $Y'$ be two closed oriented three-manifolds, we show that the symplectic instanton homology of their connected sum is isomorphic to the direct sum of the tensor product of their symplectic instanton homology, and a shift of their torsion product. Read More


Stefan M$\ddot{\mathrm{u}}$ller posed the problem "Do Hofer's metrics on the group of Hamiltonian diffeomorphism and the one of Hamiltonian homeomorphisms (Hameomorphisms) correspond?". Let $(M,\omega)$ be a compact exact symplectic manifold. We prove that the group of Hamiltonian homeomorphisms is not a simple group if the positive answer of M$\ddot{\mathrm{u}}$ller's question holds . Read More


Hofer's norm (metric) is an important and interesting topic in symplectic geometry. In the present paper, we define fragmented Hofer's norms which are Hofer's norms controlled by fragmentation norms and give some observations on fragmented Hofer's norms. Read More


We use Hamiltonian Floer theory to recover and generalize a classic rigidity theorem of Ekelend and Lasry. That theorem can be rephrased as an assertion about the existence of multiple closed Reeb orbits for certain tight contact forms on the sphere that are close, in a suitable sense, to the standard contact form. We first generalize this result to Reeb flows of contact forms on prequantization spaces that are suitably close to Boothby-Wang forms. Read More


This is the preliminary manuscript of a book on symplectic field theory based on a lecture course for PhD students given in 2015-16. It covers the essentials of the analytical theory of punctured pseudoholomorphic curves, taking the opportunity to fill in gaps in the existing literature where necessary, and then gives detailed explanations of a few of the standard applications in contact topology such as distinguishing contact structures up to contactomorphism and proving symplectic non-fillability. Read More


Let $(M^4,\omega)$ be a geometrically bounded symplectic manifold, and $L\subset M$ a Lagrangian nodal sphere such that $\omega\mid_{\pi_2(M,L)}=0$. We show that an equatorial Dehn twist of $L$ does not extend to a Hamiltonian diffeomorphism of $M$. We also confirm a mirror symmetry prediction about the action of a symplectomorphism extending an equatorial Dehn twist on the Floer theory of the nodal sphere. Read More