Mathematics - Spectral Theory Publications (50)

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Mathematics - Spectral Theory Publications

We propose a new approach to the spectral theory of perturbed linear operators , in the case of a simple isolated eigenvalue. We obtain two kind of results: "radius bounds" which ensure perturbation theory applies for perturbations up to an explicit size, and "regularity bounds" which control the variations of eigendata to any order. Our method is based on the Implicit Function Theorem and proceeds by establishing differential inequalities on two natural quantities: the norm of the projection to the eigendirection, and the norm of the reduced resolvent. Read More


For the multi-particle Anderson model with correlated random potential in the continuum, we show under fairly general assumptions on the inter-particle interaction and the random external potential, the Anderson localization which consists of both the spectral, exponential localization and the strong dynamical localization. The localization results are proven near the lower spectral edge of the almost sure spectrum and the proofs require the uniform log-H\"older continuity assumption of the probability distribution functions of the random field in addition of the Rosenblatt's strongly mixing condition. Read More


The Baran metric $\delta_E$ is a Finsler metric on the interior of $E\subset \R^n$ arising from Pluripotential Theory. We consider the few instances, namely $E$ being the ball, the simplex, or the sphere, where $\delta_E$ is known to be Riemaniann and we prove that the eigenfunctions of the associated Laplace Beltrami operator (with no boundary conditions) are the orthogonal polynomials with respect to the pluripotential equilibrium measure $\mu_E$ of $E.$ We conjecture that this may hold in a wider generality. Read More


A one-channel operator is a self-adjoint operator on $\ell^2(\mathbb{G})$ for some countable set $\mathbb{G}$ with a rank 1 transition structure along the sets of a quasi-spherical partition of $\mathbb{G}$. Jacobi operators are a very special case. In essence, there is only one channel through which waves can travel across the shells to infinity. Read More


Working in the abstract framework of Mourre theory, we derive a pair of propagation estimates for scattering states at certain energies of a Hamiltonian H. The propagation of these states is understood in terms of a conjugate operator A. A similar estimate has long been known for Hamiltonians having a good regularity with respect to A thanks to the limiting absorption principle (LAP). Read More


We give explicit Fredholm conditions for classes of pseudodifferential operators on suitable singular and non-compact spaces. In particular, we include a "user's guide" to Fredholm conditions on particular classes of manifolds including asymptotically hyperbolic manifolds, asymptotically Euclidean (or conic) manifolds, and manifolds with poly-cylindrical ends. The reader interested in applications should be able read right away the results related to those examples, beginning with Section 5. Read More


We consider the stability of nonlinear traveling waves in a class of activator-inhibitor systems. The eigenvalue equation arising from linearizing about the wave is seen to preserve the manifold of Lagrangian planes for a nonstandard symplectic form. This allows us to define a Maslov index for the wave corresponding to the spatial evolution of the unstable bundle. Read More


On an infinite, radial metric tree graph we consider the corresponding Laplacian equipped with self-adjoint vertex conditions from a large class including $\delta$- and weighted $\delta'$-couplings. Assuming the numbers of different edge lengths, branching numbers and different coupling conditions to be finite, we prove that the presence of absolutely continuous spectrum implies that the sequence of geometric data of the tree as well as the coupling conditions are eventually periodic. On the other hand, we provide examples of self-adjoint, non-periodic couplings which admit absolutely continuous spectrum. Read More


We study many-body localization properties of the disordered XXZ spin chain in the Ising phase. Disorder is introduced via a random magnetic field in the $z$-direction. We prove a strong form of exponential clustering for eigenstates in the droplet spectrum: For any pair of local observables separated by a distance $\ell$, the sum of the associated correlators over these states decays exponentially in $\ell$, in expectation. Read More


We prove new enclosures for the spectrum of non-selfadjoint operator matrices associated with second order linear differential equations $\ddot{z}(t) + D \dot{z} (t) + A_0 z(t) = 0$ in a Hilbert space. Our main tool is the quadratic numerical range for which we establish the spectral inclusion property under weak assumptions on the operators involved; in particular, the damping operator only needs to be accretive and may have the same strength as $A_0$. By means of the quadratic numerical range, we establish tight spectral estimates in terms of the unbounded operator coefficients $A_0$ and $D$ which improve earlier results for sectorial and selfadjoint $D$; in contrast to numerical range bounds, our enclosures may even provide bounded imaginary part of the spectrum or a spectral free vertical strip. Read More


2017Mar
Affiliations: 1Faculty of Engineering University of Rijeka, Croatia, 2Faculty of Engineering University of Rijeka, Croatia, 3Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Mathematics, University of California, Santa Barbara

For every non-autonomous system, there is the related family of Koopman operators $\mathcal{K}^{(t,t_0)}$, parameterized by the time pair $(t,t_0)$. In this paper we are investigating the time dependency of the spectral properties of the Koopman operator family in the linear non-autonomous case and we propose an algorithm for computation of its spectrum from observed data only. To build this algorithm we use the concept of the fundamental matrix of linear non-autonomous systems and some specific aspects of Arnoldi-like methods. Read More


We use Littlewood-Paley-Stein type g-functions (also called generalized square functions) associated to symmetric diffusion semigroups to obtain a characterization of inhomogeneous abstract Besov spaces on the abstract Hilbert spaces. Then we apply our results for the abstract Besov spaces defined through the Poisson and Gauss-Weierstrass semigroups. Read More


We apply spectral theoretic methods to obtain a Littlewood-Paley decomposition of abstract inhomogeneous Besov spaces in terms of "smooth" and "bandlimited" functions. Well-known decompositions in several contexts are as special examples and are unified under the spectral theoretic approach Read More


We consider semi-infinite Jacobi matrices corresponding to a point interaction for the discrete Schr\"odinger operator. Our goal is to find explicit expressions for the spectral measure, the resolvent and other spectral characteristics of such Jacobi matrices. It turns out that their spectral analysis leads to a new class of orthogonal polynomials generalizing the classical Chebyshev polynomials. Read More


We prove a Weyl upper bound on the number of scattering resonances in strips for manifolds with Euclidean infinite ends. In contrast with previous results, we do not make any strong structural assumptions on the geodesic flow on the trapped set (such as hyperbolicity) and instead use propagation statements up to the Ehrenfest time. By a similar method we prove a decay statement with high probability for linear waves with random initial data. Read More


This work deals with the functional model for extensions of symmetric operators and its applications to the theory of wave scattering. In terms of Boris Pavlov's spectral form of this model, we find explicit formulae for the action of the unitary group of exponentials corresponding to almost solvable extensions of a given closed symmetric operator with equal deficiency indices. On the basis of these formulae, we are able to derive a new representation for the scattering matrix for pairs of such extensions. Read More


This paper deals with first order formally self-adjoint elliptic differential operators on a smooth compact oriented surface with non-empty boundary. We consider such operators with self-adjoint elliptic local boundary conditions. The paper is focused on paths in the space of such operators connecting two operators conjugated by a unitary automorphism. Read More


Motivated by applications for non-perturbative topological strings in toric Calabi--Yau manifolds, we discuss the spectral problem for a pair of commuting modular conjugate (in the sense of Faddeev) Harper type operators, corresponding to a special case of the quantized mirror curve of local $\mathbb{P}^1\times\mathbb{P}^1$ and complex values of Planck's constant. We illustrate our analytical results by numerical calculations. Read More


We prove that for bounded and convex domains in arbitrary dimensions, the Maxwell constants are bounded from below and above by Friedrichs' and Poincare's constants, respectively. Especially, the second positive Maxwell eigenvalues in ND are bounded from below by the square root of the second Neumann-Laplace eigenvalue. Read More


This paper focuses on multi-scale approaches for variational methods and corresponding gradient flows. Recently, for convex regularization functionals such as total variation, new theory and algorithms for nonlinear eigenvalue problems via nonlinear spectral decompositions have been developed. Those methods open new directions for advanced image filtering. Read More


In this paper, we consider spectral problem for the nth order ordinary differential operator with degenerate boundary conditions. We construct a nontrivial example of boundary value problem which has no eigenvalues. Read More


We study an inverse scattering problem at fixed energy for radial magnetic Schr{\"o}dinger operators on R^2 \ B(0, r\_0), where r\_0 is a positive and arbitrarily small radius. We assume that the magnetic potential A satisfies a gauge condition and we consider the class C of smooth, radial and compactly supported electric potentials and magnetic fields denoted by V and B respectively. If (V, B) and (\tilde{V} , \tilde{B}) are two couples belonging to C, we then show that if the corresponding phase shifts $\delta$\_l and \tilde{$\delta$}\_l (i. Read More


Extended Dynamic Mode Decomposition (EDMD) is an algorithm that approximates the action of the Koopman operator on an $N$-dimensional subspace of the space of observables by sampling at $M$ points in the state space. Assuming that the samples are drawn either independently or ergodically from some measure $\mu$, we show that, in the limit as $M\rightarrow\infty$, the EDMD operator $\mathcal{K}_{N,M}$ converges to $\mathcal{K}_N$, where $\mathcal{K}_N$ is the $L_2(\mu)$-orthogonal projection of the action of the Koopman operator on the finite-dimensional subspace of observables. Next, we show that, as $N \rightarrow \infty$, the operator $\mathcal{K}_N$ converges in the strong operator topology to the Koopman operator. Read More


In this paper, we introduce a multidimensional generalization of Kitagawa's split-step discrete-time quantum walk, study the spectrum of its evolution operator for the case of one defect coins, and prove localization of the walk. Using a spectral mapping theorem, we can reduce the spectral analysis of the evolution operator to that of a discrete Schr\"{o}dinger operator with variable coefficients, which is analyzed using the Feshbach map. Read More


This note is mainly inspired by the conjecture about the existence of bound states for magnetic Neumann Laplacians on planar wedges of any aperture $\phi\in (0,\pi)$. So far, a proof was only obtained for the apertures $\phi\le \pi/2$. The conviction in the validity of this conjecture for the apertures $\phi\in(\pi/2,\pi)$ mainly relied on numerical computations. Read More


We explore the sparsity of Weyl-Titchmarsh $m$-functions of discrete Schr\"odinger operators. Due to this, the set of their $m$-functions cannot be dense on the set of those for Jacobi operators. All this reveals why an inverse spectral theory for discrete Schr\"odinger operators via their spectral measures should be difficult. Read More


We perform the spectral analysis of the evolution operator U of quantum walks with an anisotropic coin, which include one-defect models, two-phase quantum walks, and topological phase quantum walks as special cases. In particular, we determine the essential spectrum of U, we show the existence of locally U-smooth operators, we prove the discreteness of the eigenvalues of U outside the thresholds, and we prove the absence of singular continuous spectrum for U. Our analysis is based on new commutator methods for unitary operators in a two-Hilbert spaces setting, which are of independent interest. Read More


A fully regulated definition of Feynman's path integral is presented here. The proposed re-formulation of the path integral coincides with the familiar formulation whenever the path integral is well-defined. In particular, it is consistent with respect to lattice formulations and Wick rotations, i. Read More


Hydrogeologic models are commonly over-smoothed relative to reality, owing to the difficulty of obtaining accurate high-resolution information about the subsurface. When used in an inversion context, such models may introduce systematic biases which cannot be encapsulated by an unbiased "observation noise" term of the type assumed by standard regularization theory and typical Bayesian formulations. Despite its importance, model error is difficult to encapsulate systematically and is often neglected. Read More


We make a computational study to know what kind of isospectralities among lens spaces and lens orbifolds exist considering the Hodge--Laplace operators acting on smooth $p$-forms. Several evidenced facts are proved and some others are conjectured. Read More


We relate resolvent and scattering kernels for the Laplace operator on Riemannian symmetric spaces of rank one via boundary values in the sense of Kashiwara-Oshima. From this, we derive that the poles of the corresponding meromorphic continuations agree in a half-plane, and the residues correspond to each other under the boundary value map, so in particular the multiplicities agree as well. In the opposite half-plane, which is the square root of the resolvent set, the resolvent has no poles, whereas the scattering poles agree with the poles of the standard Knapp--Stein intertwiner. Read More


We study evolution equations associated to time-dependent dissipative non-selfadjoint quadratic operators. We prove that the solution operators to these non-autonomous evolution equations are given by Fourier integral operators whose kernels are Gaussian tempered distributions associated to non-negative complex symplectic linear transformations, and we derive a generalized Mehler formula for their Weyl symbols. Some applications to the study of the propagation of Gabor singularities (characterizing the lack of Schwartz regularity) for the solutions to non-autonomous quadratic evolution equations are given. Read More


In this paper, we consider an interior transmission eigenvalue (ITE) problem on some compact $C^{\infty}$-Riemannian manifolds with smooth boundary. In particular, we do not assume that two domains are diffeomorphic, but we impose some conditions of Riemannian metrics and indices of refraction on the boundary. Then we prove the discreteness of the set of ITEs, the existence of infinitely many ITEs, and its Weyl type lower bound. Read More


We prove that finite perimeter subsets of $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ with small isoperimetric deficit have boundary Hausdorff-close to a sphere up to a subset of small measure. We also refine this closeness under some additional a priori integral curvature bounds. As an application, we answer a question raised by B. Read More


We consider a one-dimensional quantum system of an arbitrary number of hard-core particles on the lattice, which are subject to a deterministic attractive interaction as well as a random potential. Our choice of interaction is motivated by the spectral analysis of the XXZ quantum spin chain. The main result concerns a version of high-disorder Fock-space localization expressed here in the configuration space of hard-core particles. Read More


In this paper we prove the optimal upper bound $\frac{\lambda_n}{\lambda_m} \leq \frac{n^2}{m^2}$ $\Big(\lambda_n>\lambda_m \geq 11\sup\limits_{x\in[0,1]} q(x) \Big)$ for one-dimensional Schr\"{o}dinger operators with a nonnegative differentiable and single-barrier potential $q(x)$, such that $\mid q'(x) \mid\leq q^{*},$ where $q^{*}=\frac{2}{15}\inf\{q(0) ,q(1)\}$. In particular, if $q(x)$ satisfies the additional condition $\sup\limits_{x\in[0,1]}q(x)\leq \frac{\pi^{2}}{11}$, then $\frac{\lambda_{n}}{\lambda_{m}}\leq \frac{n^{2}%}{m^{2}}$ for $n>m\geq 1.$ For this result, we develop a new approach to study the monotonicity of the modified Pr\"{u}fer angle function. Read More


Inspirited by the importance of the spectral theory of graphs, we introduce the spectral theory of valued cluster quiver of a cluster algebra. Our aim is to characterize a cluster algebra via its spectrum so as to use the spectral theory as a tool. First, we give the relations between exchange spectrum of a valued cluster quiver and adjacency spectrum of its underlying valued graph, and between exchange spectra of a valued cluster quiver and its full valued subquivers. Read More


We prove that, if an isospectral torus contains a discrete Schr\"odinger operator with nonconstant potential, the shift dynamics on that torus cannot be minimal. Consequently, we specify a generic sense in which finite unions of nondegenerate closed intervals having capacity one are not the spectrum of any reflectionless discrete Schr\"odinger operator. We also show that the only reflectionless discrete Schr\"odinger operators having zero, one, or two spectral gaps are periodic. Read More


In this paper, we consider an interior transmission eigenvalue problem on two compact Riemannian manifolds with common smooth boundary. We suppose that a couple of these manifolds is equipped with locally anisotropic type Riemannian metric tensors, i.e. Read More


This work deals with the interior transmission eigenvalue problem: $y'' + {k^2}\eta \left( r \right)y = 0$ with boundary conditions ${y\left( 0 \right) = 0 = y'\left( 1 \right)\frac{{\sin k}}{k} - y\left( 1 \right)\cos k},$ where the function $\eta(r)$ is positive. We obtain the asymptotic distribution of non-real transmission eigenvalues under the suitable assumption for the square of the index of refraction $\eta(r)$. Moreover, we provide a uniqueness theorem for the case $\int_0^1\sqrt{\eta(r)}dr>1$, by using all transmission eigenvalues (including their multiplicities) along with a partial information of $\eta(r)$ on the subinterval. Read More


A famous theorem due to Weyl and von Neumann asserts that two bounded self-adjoint operators are unitarily equivalent modulo the compacts, if and only if their essential spectrum agree. The above theorem does not hold for unbounded operators. Nevertheless, there exist closed subsets $M$ of $\mathbb{R}$ on which the Weyl--von Neumann Theorem hold: all (not necessarily bounded) self-adjoint operators with essential spectrum $M$ are unitarily equivalent modulo the compacts. Read More


We study the adjoint of the double layer potential associated with the Laplacian (the adjoint of the Neumann-Poincar\'e operator), as a map on the boundary surface $\Gamma$ of a domain in $\mathbb{R}^3$ with conical points. The spectrum of this operator directly reflects the well-posedness of related transmission problems across $\Gamma$. In particular, if the domain is understood as an inclusion with complex permittivity $\epsilon$, embedded in a background medium with unit permittivity, then the polarizability tensor of the domain is well-defined when $(\epsilon+1)/(\epsilon-1)$ belongs to the resolvent set in energy norm. Read More


In this work, we consider the Sturm-Liouville operator on a finite interval $[0,1]$ with discontinuous conditions at $1/2$. We prove that if the potential is known a priori on a subinterval $[b,1]$ with $b\ge1/2$, then parts of two spectra can uniquely determine the potential and all parameters in discontinuous conditions and boundary conditions. For the case $b<1/2$, parts of either one or two spectra can uniquely determine the potential and a part of parameters. Read More


The purpose of this expository note is to revisit Morawetz's method for obtaining a lower bound on the rate of exponential decay of waves for the Dirichlet problem outside star-shaped obstacles, and to discuss the uniqueness of the sphere as the extremizer of the sharp lower bound proved by Ralston. Read More


We consider scattering by star-shaped obstacles in hyperbolic space and show that resonances satisfy a universal bound $\mathrm{Im}\,\lambda \leq -\frac{1}{2}$ which is optimal in dimension $2$. In odd dimensions we also show that $\mathrm{Im}\,\lambda \leq -\frac{\mu}{\rho}$ for a universal constant $\mu$, where $\rho$ is the (hyperbolic) diameter of the obstacle; this gives an improvement for small obstacles. In dimensions $3$ and higher the proofs follow the classical vector field approach of Morawetz, while in dimension $2$ we obtain our bound by working with spaces coming from general relativity. Read More


In this work we study the inverse scattering problem for the selfadjoint matrix Schrodinger operator on the half line. We provide the necessary and sufficient conditions for the solvability of the inverse scattering problem. Read More


We prove that for closed surfaces of fixed topological type, orientable or non-orientable, there exists a unit volume metric, smooth away from finitely many conical singularities, that maximizes the first eigenvalue of the Laplace operator among all unit volume metrics. The key ingredient are several monotonicity results, which have partially been conjectured to hold before. Read More


A number $\lambda \in \mathbb C $ is called an eigenvalue of the matrix polynomial $P(z)$ if there exists a nonzero vector $x \in \mathbb C^n$ such that $P(\lambda)x = 0$. Note that each finite eigenvalue of $P(z)$ is a zero of the the characteristic polynomial $\det(P(z))$. In this paper we establish some (upper and lower) bounds for eigenvalues of matrix polynomials based on the norm of their coefficient matrices and compare these bounds to those given by N. Read More


We use the large deviation approach to sum rules pioneered by Gamboa, Nagel and Rouault to prove higher order sum rules for orthogonal polynomials on the unit circle. In particular, we prove one half of a conjectured sum rule of Lukic in the case of two singular points, one simple and one double. This is important because it is known that the conjecture of Simon fails in exactly this case, so this paper provides support for the idea that Lukic's replacement for Simon's conjecture might be true. Read More