Mathematics - Quantum Algebra Publications (50)

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Mathematics - Quantum Algebra Publications

We study the existence of universal measuring comodules Q(M,N) for a pair of modules M,N in a braided monoidal closed category, and the associated enrichment of the global category of modules over the monoidal global category of comodules. In the process, we use results for general fibred adjunctions encompassing the fibred structure of modules over monoids and the opfibred structure of comodules over comonoids. We also explore applications to the theory of Hopf modules. Read More


We introduce the sequence of multi-oriented graph complexes, the 0-oriented one being the standard Kontsevich's graph complex. We provide quasi-isomorphisms between them, showing that the homology of every such graph complex is indeed the same. Read More


We show the existence of a finite group $G$ having an irreducible character $\chi$ with Frobenius-Schur indicator $\nu_2(\chi){=}{+}1$ such that $\chi^2$ has an irreducible constituent $\varphi$ with $\nu_2(\varphi){=}{-}1$. This provides counterexamples to the positivity conjecture in rational CFT and a conjecture of Zhenghan Wang about pivotal fusion categories. Read More


We introduce a bt-algebra of type B. We define this algebra doing the natural analogy with the original construction of the bt-algebra. Notably we find a basis for it, a faithful tensorial representation, and we prove that it supports a Markov trace, from which we derive invariants of classical links in the solid torus. Read More


We study symmetric groups and left braces satisfying special conditions, or identities. We are particularly interested in the impact of conditions like $\textbf{Raut}$ and $\textbf{lri}$ on the properties of the symmetric group and its associated brace. We show that the symmetric group $G=G(X,r)$ associated to a nontrivial solution $(X,r)$ has multipermutation level $2$ if and only if $G$ satisfies $\textbf{lri}$. Read More


Let $G$ be a simply connected simple algebraic group over $\mathbb{C}$, $B$ and $B_-$ be its two opposite Borel subgroups. For two elements $u$, $v$ of the Weyl group $W$, it is known that the coordinate ring ${\mathbb C}[G^{u,v}]$ of the double Bruhat cell $G^{u,v}=BuB\cup B_-vB_-$ is isomorphic to a cluster algebra $\mathcal{A}(\textbf{i})_{{\mathbb C}}$ [arXiv:math/0305434, arXiv:1602.00498]. Read More


We analyze wavefunctions of the six-vertex model by extending the Izergin-Korepin analysis on the domain wall boundary partition functions. We particularly focus on the case with triangular boundary. By using the $U_q(sl_2)$ $R$-matrix and a special class of the triangular $K$-matrix, we first introduce an analogue of the wavefunctions of the integrable six-vertex model with triangular boundary. Read More


In this paper we provide the general theory for the construction of 3-dimensional ETQFTs extending the Costantino-Geer-Patureau quantum invariants defined in arXiv:1202.3553. Our results rely on relative modular categories, a class of non-semisimple ribbon categories modeled on representations of unrolled quantum groups, and they exploit a 2-categorical version of the universal construction introduced by Blanchet, Habegger, Masbaum and Vogel. Read More


We study asymptotics of $q$-distributed random lozenge tilings of sawtooth domains (equivalently, of random interlacing integer arrays with fixed top row). Under the distribution we consider each tiling is weighted proportionally to $q^{\mathsf{vol}}$, where $\mathsf{vol}$ is the volume under the corresponding 3D stepped surface. We prove the following Interlacing Central Limit Theorem: as $q\rightarrow1$, the domain gets large, and the fixed top row approximates a given nonrandom profile, the vertical lozenges are distributed as the eigenvalues of a GUE random matrix and of its successive principal corners. Read More


The purpose of this paper is to study Rota-Baxter structures for BiHom-type algebras such as BiHom analogues of associative, Lie and Leibniz algebras. Moreover, we introduce and discuss the properties of the notions of BiHom-(tri)dendriform algebras and BiHom-quadri-algebras. We construct the free Rota-Baxter BiHom-associative algebra and present some observations about categories and functors related to Rota-Baxter structures. Read More


We prove that the bigraded colored Khovanov-Rozansky type A link and tangle invariants are functorial with respect to link and tangle cobordisms. Read More


We compute the group of braided tensor autoequivalences and the Brauer-Picard group of the representation category of the small quantum group $\mathfrak{u}_q(\mathfrak{g})$, where $q$ is a root of unity. Read More


In previous work the authors introduced a new class of modular quasi-Hopf algebras $D^{\omega}(G, A)$ associated to a finite group $G$, a central subgroup $A$, and a $3$-cocycle $\omega\in Z^3(G, C^x)$. In the present paper we propose a description of the class of orbifold models of rational vertex operator algebras whose module category is tensor equivalent to $D^{\omega}(G, A)$-mod. The paper includes background on quasi-Hopf algebras and a discussion of some relevant orbifolds. Read More


In this paper, we give a BLM realization of the positive part of the quantum group of $U_v(gl_n)$ with respect to RTT relations. Read More


We express the rational homotopy type of the mapping spaces $\mathrm{Map}^h(\mathsf D_m,\mathsf D_n^{\mathbb Q})$ of the little discs operads in terms of graph complexes. Using known facts about the graph homology this allows us to compute the rational homotopy groups in low degrees, and construct infinite series of non-trivial homotopy classes in higher degrees. Furthermore we show that for $n-m>2$, the spaces $\mathrm{Map}^h(\mathsf D_m,\mathsf D_n^{\mathbb Q})$ and $\mathrm{Map}^h(\mathsf D_m,\mathsf D_n)$ are simply connected and rationally equivalent. Read More


We study Artin-Tits braid groups $\mathbb{B}_W$ of type ADE via the action of $\mathbb{B}_W$ on the homotopy category $\mathcal{K}$ of graded projective zigzag modules (which categorifies the action of the Weyl group $W$ on the root lattice). Following Brav-Thomas, we define a metric on $\mathbb{B}_W$ induced by the canonical $t$-structure on $\mathcal{K}$, and prove that this metric on $\mathbb{B}_W$ agrees with the word-length metric in the canonical generators of the standard positive monoid $\mathbb{B}_W^+$ of the braid group. We also define, for each choice of a Coxeter element $c$ in $W$, a baric structure on $\mathcal{K}$. Read More


In this paper, we describe a surprising link between the theory of the Goldman-Turaev Lie bialgebra on surfaces of genus zero and the Kashiwara-Vergne (KV) problem in Lie theory. Let $\Sigma$ be an oriented 2-dimensional manifold with non-empty boundary and $\mathbb{K}$ a field of characteristic zero. The Goldman-Turaev Lie bialgebra is defined by the Goldman bracket $\{ -,- \}$ and Turaev cobracket $\delta$ on the $\mathbb{K}$-span of homotopy classes of free loops on $\Sigma$. Read More


Let $W$ be a finite dimensional purely odd supervector space over $\mathbb{C}$, and let $\sRep(W)$ be the finite symmetric tensor category of finite dimensional superrepresentations of the finite supergroup $W$. We show that the set of equivalence classes of finite non-degenerate braided tensor categories $\C$ containing $\sRep(W)$ as a Lagrangian subcategory is a torsor over the cyclic group $\mathbb{Z}/16\mathbb{Z}$. In particular, we obtain that there are $8$ non-equivalent such braided tensor categories $\C$ which are integral and $8$ which are non-integral. Read More


Given a locally convex vector space with a topology induced by Hilbert seminorms and a continuous bilinear form on it we construct a topology on its symmetric algebra such that the usual star product of exponential type becomes continuous. Many properties of the resulting locally convex algebra are explained. We compare this approach to various other discussions of convergent star products in finite and infinite dimensions. Read More


Representation theory of the quantum torus Hopf algebra, when the parameter $q$ is a root of unity, is studied. We investigate a decomposition map of the tensor product of two irreducibles into the direct sum of irreducibles, realized as a `multiplicity module' tensored with an irreducible representation. The isomorphism between the two possible decompositions of the triple tensor product yields a map ${\bf T}$ between the multiplicity modules, called the 6j-symbols. Read More


We introduce a certain differential graded bialgebra, neither commutative nor cocommutative, that governs perturbations of a differential on complexes supplied with an abstract Hodge decomposition. This leads to a conceptual treatment of the Homological Perturbation Lemma and its multiplicative version. We discuss an application to $A_\infty$ algebras. Read More


Given the algebra, Hilbert space H, grading and real structure of the finite spectral triple of the Standard Model, we classify all possible Dirac operators such that H is a self-Morita equivalence bimodule for the associated Clifford algebra. Read More


We identify inside the face-type elliptic quantum algebra ${\mathcal{B}}_{q,\lambda}(\hat{gl}_{2})_c$ generating functionals that satisfy dynamical exchange relations with the Lax matrices defining the algebra, when the central charge takes two possible values $c=\pm 2$. These structures are characterized as "dynamical centers", i.e. Read More


We show that the group of homotopy automorphisms of the profinite completion of the genus zero surface operad is isomorphic to the (profinite) Grothendieck-Teichm\"{u}ller group. Using a result of Drummond-Cole, we deduce that the Grothendieck-Teichm\"{u}ller group acts nontrivially on $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{0,\bullet+1}$, the operad of stable curves of genus zero. As a second application, we give an alternative proof that the framed little 2-disks operad is formal. Read More


We give a detailed account of the so-called "universal construction" that aims to extend invariants of closed manifolds, possibly with additional structure, to topological field theories and show that it amounts to a generalization of the GNS construction. We apply this construction to an invariant defined in terms of the groupoid cardinality of groupoids of bundles to recover Dijkgraaf-Witten theories, including the vector spaces obtained as a linearization of spaces of principal bundles. Read More


For the simple Lie algebra $ \frak{so}_m$, we study the commutant vertex operator algebra of $ L_{\widehat{\frak{so}}_{m}}(n,0)$ in the $n$-fold tensor product $ L_{\widehat{\frak{so}}_{m}}(1,0)^{\otimes n}$. It turns out that this commutant vertex operator algebra can be realized as a fixed point subalgebra of $L_{\widehat{\frak{so}}_{n}}(m,0)$ (or its simple current extension) associated with a certain abelian group. This result may be viewed as a version of level-rank duality. Read More


We consider 4d supersymmetric (special) unitary $\Gamma$ quiver gauge theories on compact manifolds which are $T^2$ fibrations over $S^2$. We show that their partition functions are correlators of vertex operators and screening charges of the modular double version of elliptic $W_{q,t;q'}(\Gamma)$ algebras. We also consider a generating function of BPS surface defects supported on $T^2$ and show that it can be identified with a particular coherent state in the Fock module over the elliptic Heisenberg algebra. Read More


In this paper, vertex representations of the 2-toroidal Lie superalgebras of type $D(m, n)$ are constructed using both bosonic fields and vertex operators based on their loop algebraic presentation. Read More


We study degenerations of Bethe subalgebras $B(C)$ in the Yangian $Y(\mathfrak{gl}_n)$, where $C$ is a regular diagonal matrix. We show that closure of the parameter space of the family of Bethe subalgebras is the Deligne-Mumford moduli space of stable rational curves $\overline{M_{0,n+2}}$ and state a conjecture generalizing this result to Bethe subalgebras in Yangians of arbitrary simple Lie algebra. We prove that all subalgebras corresponding to the points of $\overline{M_{0,n+2}}$ are free and maximal commutative. Read More


Under very strong axioms, there is precisely one real noncommutative geometry between the classical one and the free one, namely the half-classical one, coming from the relations $abc=cba$. We discuss here the complex analogues of this geometry, notably with a study of the geometry coming from the commutation relations betwen all the variables $\{ab^*,a^*b\}$, that we believe to be the "correct" one. Read More


Given a differential graded (dg) symmetric Frobenius algebra $A$ we construct an unbounded complex $\mathcal{D}^{*}(A,A)$, called the Tate-Hochschild complex, which arises as a totalization of a double complex having Hochschild chains as negative columns and Hochschild cochains as non-negative columns. We prove that the complex $\mathcal{D}^*(A,A)$ computes the singular Hochschild cohomology of $A$. We construct a cyclic (or Calabi-Yau) $A$-infinity algebra structure, which extends the classical Hochschild cup and cap products, and an $L$-infinity algebra structure extending the classical Gerstenhaber bracket, on $\mathcal{D}^*(A,A)$. Read More


Subfactor theory provides a tool to analyze and construct extensions of Quantum Field Theories, once the latter are formulated as local nets of von Neumann algebras. We generalize some of the results of [LR95] to the case of extensions with infinite Jones index. This case naturally arises in physics, the canonical examples are given by global gauge theories with respect to a compact (non-finite) group of internal symmetries. Read More


Defects between gapped boundaries provide a possible physical realization of projective non-abelian braid statistics. A notable example is the projective Majorana/parafermion braid statistics of boundary defects in fractional quantum Hall/topological insulator and superconductor heterostructures. In this paper, we develop general theories to analyze the topological properties and projective braiding of boundary defects of topological phases of matter in two spatial dimensions. Read More


We find a dual version of a previous double-bosonisation theorem whereby each finite-dimensional braided-Hopf algebra $B$ in the category of comodules of a coquasitriangular Hopf algebra $A$ has an associated coquasitriangular Hopf algebra $B^{\underline{\rm op}}\rtimes A \ltimes B^*$. As an application we find new generators for $c_q[SL_2]$ reduced at $q$ a primitive odd root of unity with the remarkable property that their monomials are essentially a dual basis to the standard PBW basis of the reduced Drinfeld-Jimbo quantum enveloping algebra $u_q(sl_2)$. Our methods apply in principle for general $c_q[G]$. Read More


In this paper we introduce the notion of weak non-asssociative Doi-Hopf module and give the Fundamental Theorem of Hopf modules in this setting. Also we prove that there exists a categorical equivalence that admits as particular instances the ones constructed in the literature for Hopf algebras, weak Hopf algebras, Hopf quasigroups, and weak Hopf quasigroups. Read More


The theory of Newton-Okounkov polytopes is a generalization of that of Newton polytopes for toric varieties, and it gives a systematic method of constructing toric degenerations of a projective variety. In the case of Schubert varieties, their Newton-Okounkov polytopes are deeply connected with representation theory. Indeed, Littelmann's string polytopes and Nakashima-Zelevinsky's polyhedral realizations are obtained as Newton-Okounkov polytopes of Schubert varieties. Read More


Heckman introduced $N$ operators on the space of polynomials in $N$ variables, such that these operators form a covariant set relative to permutations of the operators and variables, and such that Jack symmetric polynomials are eigenfunctions of the power sums of these operators. We introduce the analogues of these $N$ operators for Macdonald symmetric polynomials, by using Cherednik operators. The latter operators pairwise commute, and Macdonald polynomials are eigenfunctions of their power sums. Read More


We introduce a type affine $C$ analogue of the nil Temperley--Lieb algebra, in terms of generators and relations. We show that this algebra $T(n)$, which is a quotient of the positive part of a Kac--Moody algebra of type $D_{n+1}^{(2)}$, has an easily described faithful representation as an algebra of creation and annihilation operators on particle configurations. The centre of $T(n)$ consists of polynomials in a certain element $Q$, and $T(n)$ is a free module of finite rank over its centre. Read More


We give a heat kernel proof of the algebraic index theorem for deformation quantization with separation of variables on a pseudo-Kahler manifold. Read More


We give a survey of our joint ongoing work with Ali Chamseddine, Slava Mukhanov and Walter van Suijlekom. We show how a problem purely motivated by "how geometry emerges from the quantum formalism" gives rise to a slightly noncommutative structure and a spectral model of gravity coupled with matter which fits with experimental knowledge. This text will appear as a contribution to the volume: "Foundations of Mathematics and Physics one century after Hilbert". Read More


We generalize to the case of singular blocks the result in \cite{BeLa} that describes the center of the principal block of a small quantum group in terms of sheaf cohomology over the Springer resolution. Then using the method developed in \cite{LQ1}, we present a linear algebro-geometric approach to compute the dimensions of the singular blocks and of the entire center of the small quantum group associated with a complex semisimple Lie algebra. A conjectural formula for the dimension of the center of the small quantum group at an $l$th root of unity is formulated in type A. Read More


In this paper we discuss the second bosonization of the Hirota bilinear equation for the CKP hierarchy introduced by Date, Jimbo, Kashiwara and Miwa. We show that there is a second, untwisted, Heisenberg action on the Fock space, in addition to the twisted Heisenberg action suggested by Date, Jimbo, Kashiwara and Miwa and studied by van de Leur, Orlov and Shiota. We derive the decomposition of the Fock space into irreducible Heisenberg modules under this action. Read More


We develop the non-commutative polynomial version of the invariant theory for the quantum general linear supergroup ${\rm{ U}}_q(\mathfrak{gl}_{m|n})$. A non-commutative ${\rm{ U}}_q(\mathfrak{gl}_{m|n})$-module superalgebra $\mathcal{P}^{k|l}_{\,r|s}$ is constructed, which is the quantum analogue of the supersymmetric algebra over $\mathbb{C}^{k|l}\otimes \mathbb{C}^{m|n}\oplus \mathbb{C}^{r|s}\otimes (\mathbb{C}^{m|n})^{\ast}$. We analyse the structure of the subalgebra of ${\rm{ U}}_q(\mathfrak{gl}_{m|n})$-invariants in $\mathcal{P}^{k|l}_{\,r|s}$ by using the quantum super analogue of Howe duality. Read More


In this paper we introduce the theory of multiplication alteration by two-cocycles for nonassociative structures like nonassociative bimonoids with left (right) division. Also we explore the connections between Yetter-Drinfeld modules for Hopf quasigroups, projections of Hopf quasigroups, skew pairings, and quasitriangular structures, obtaining the nonassociative version of the main results proved by Doi and Takeuchi for Hopf algebras. Read More


The wavefunction of the free-fermion six-vertex model was found to give a natural realization of the Tokuyama combinatorial formula for the Schur polynomials by Bump-Brubaker-Friedberg. Recently, we studied the correspondence between the dual version of the wavefunction and the Schur polynomials, which gave rise to another combinatorial formula. In this paper, we extend the analysis to the reflecting boundary condition, and show the exact correspondence between the dual wavefunction and the symplectic Schur functions. Read More


We study the twisted Hochschild homology of quantum full flag manifolds, with the twist being the modular automorphism of the Haar state. We show that non-trivial 2-cycles can be constructed from appropriate invariant projections. The main result is that $HH_2^\theta(\mathbb{C}_q[G / T])$ is infinite-dimensional when $\mathrm{rank}(\mathfrak{g}) > 1$. Read More


The existence of the $\imath$-canonical basis (also known as the $\imath$-divided powers) for the coideal subalgebra of the quantum $\mathfrak{sl}_2$ were established by Bao and Wang, with conjectural explicit formulae. In this paper we prove the conjectured formulae of these $\imath$-divided powers. This is achieved by first establishing closed formulae of the $\imath$-divided powers in basis for quantum $\mathfrak{sl}_2$ and then formulae for the $\imath$-canonical basis in terms of Lusztig's divided powers in each finite-dimensional simple module of quantum $\mathfrak{sl}_2$. Read More


This paper is a continuation of arXiv:1405.1707. We present certain new applications and generalizations of the free field realization of the twisted Heisenberg--Virasoro algebra ${\mathcal H}$ at level zero. Read More


We describe the generators and prove a number of relations for the construction of a planar algebra from the restricted quantum group $\bar{U}_{q}(\mathfrak{sl}_{2})$. This is a diagrammatic description of $End_{\bar{U}_{q}(\mathfrak{sl}_{2})}(X^{\otimes n})$, where $X:=\mathcal{X}^{+}_{2}$ is a two dimensional $\bar{U}_{q}(\mathfrak{sl}_{2})$ module. Read More