Mathematics - Operator Algebras Publications (50)

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Mathematics - Operator Algebras Publications

Random matrices like GUE, GOE and GSE have been studied for decades and have been shown that they possess a lot of nice properties. In 2005, a new property of independent GUE random matrices is discovered by Haagerup and Thorbj{\o}rnsen in their paper [18], it is called strong convergence property and then more random matrices with this property are followed (see [27], [5], [1], [24], [10] and [3]). In general, the definition can be stated for a sequence of tuples over some \text{C}^{\ast}-algebras. Read More


We prove that every surjective isometry between the unit spheres of two trace class spaces admits a unique extension to a surjective complex linear or conjugate linear isometry between the spaces. This provides a positive solution to Tingley's problem in a new class of operator algebras. Read More


In 2008, J.Parcet showed the $(1,1)$ weak-boundedness of Calder\'on-Zygmund operators acting on functions taking values in a von Neumann algebra. We propose a simplified version of his proof using the same tools : Cuculescu's projections and a pseudo-localisation theorem. Read More


In this paper, we give a correspondence between the Berezin-Toeplitz and the complex Weyl quantizations of the torus $ \mathbb{T}^2$. To achieve this, we use the correspondence between the Berezin-Toeplitz and the complex Weyl quantizations of the complex plane and a relation between the Berezin-Toeplitz quantization of a periodic symbol on the real phase space $\mathbb{R}^2$ and the Berezin-Toeplitz quantization of a symbol on the torus $ \mathbb{T}^2 $. Read More


In this paper, we study the boundary quotient C*-algebras associated to products of odometers. One of our main results shows that the boundary quotient C*-algebra of the standard product of k odometers over (n_i)-letter alphabets (i=1,.. Read More


We study the stability of Fredholm property for regular operators on Hilbert $C^*$-modules under some certain perturbations. We treat this problem when perturbing operators are (relatively) bounded or relatively compact. We also consider the perturbations of regular Fredholm operators in terms of the gap metric. Read More


We extend Matui's notion of almost finiteness to general etale groupoids. We then show that the reduced groupoid C*-algebras of minimal almost finite groupoids have stable rank one. The proof follows a new strategy, which can be regarded as a local version of the large subalgebra argument. Read More


We apply Arveson's non-commutative boundary theory to dilate every Toeplitz-Cuntz-Krieger family of a directed graph $G$ to a full Cuntz-Krieger family for $G$. We do this by describing all representations of the Toeplitz algebra $\mathcal{T}(G)$ that have unique extension when restricted to the tensor algebra $\mathcal{T}_+(G)$. This yields an alternative proof to a result of Katsoulis and Kribs that the $C^*$-envelope of $\mathcal T_+(G)$ is the Cuntz-Krieger algebra $\mathcal O(G)$. Read More


If $X$ is a compact Hausdorff space and $\sigma$ is a homeomorphism of $X$, then an involutive Banach algebra $\ell^1(\Sigma)$ of crossed product type is naturally associated with the topological dynamical system $\Sigma=(X,\sigma)$. We initiate the study of the relation between two-sided ideals of $\ell^1(\Sigma)$ and the enveloping $\mathrm{C}^\ast$-algebra $\mathrm{C}^\ast(\Sigma)$ of $\ell^1(\Sigma)$, and prove e.g. Read More


We study algebras of bounded, noncommutative (nc) analytic functions on nc subvarieties of the nc unit ball. Given a nc variety $\mathfrak{V}$ in the nc unit ball $\mathfrak{B}_d$, we identify the algebra of bounded analytic functions on $\mathfrak{V}$ --- denoted $H^\infty(\mathfrak{V})$ --- as the multiplier algebra $\operatorname{Mult} \mathcal{H}_{\mathfrak{V}}$ of a certain reproducing kernel Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}_{\mathfrak{V}}$ consisting of nc functions on $\mathfrak{V}$. We find that every such algebra $H^\infty(\mathfrak{V})$ is completely isometrically isomorphic to the quotient $H^\infty(\mathfrak{B}_d)/ \mathcal{J}_{\mathfrak{V}}$ of the algebra of bounded nc holomorphic functions on the ball by the ideal $\mathcal{J}_{\mathfrak{V}}$ of bounded nc holomorphic functions which vanish on $\mathfrak{V}$. Read More


We develop a new duality between endomorphisms of measure spaces, on the one hand, and a certain family of positive operators, called transfer operators, acting in spaces of measurable functions on, on the other. A framework of standard Borel spaces is adopted; and this generality is wide enough to cover a host of applications. While the mathematical structures of positive operators, endomorphisms, transfer operators, measurable partitions, and Markov processes arise in a host of settings, both pure and applied, we propose here a unified study. Read More


We show that the enveloping space $X_G$ of a partial action of a Polish group $G$ on a Polish space $X$ is a standard Borel space, that is to say, there is a topology $\tau$ on $X_G$ such that $(X_G, \tau)$ is Polish and the quotient Borel structure on $X_G$ is equal to $Borel(X_G,\tau)$. To prove this result we show a generalization of a theorem of Burgess about Borel selectors for the orbit equivalence relation induced by a group action and also show that some properties of the Vaught's transform are valid for partial actions of groups. Read More


2017Feb
Affiliations: 1IMT, 2York University, 3York University, 4York University

In this paper we study some analytic properties of bi-free additive convolution, both scalar and operator-valued. We show that using properties of Voiculescu's subordination functions associated to free additive convolution of operator-valued distributions, simpler formulas for bi-free convolutions can be derived. We use these formulas in order to prove a result about atoms of bi-free additive convolutions. Read More


We show that abstract Cuntz semigroups form a closed symmetric monoidal category. Thus, given Cuntz semigroups $S$ and $T$, there is another Cuntz semigroup $((S,T))$ playing the role of morphisms from $S$ to $T$. Applied to C*-algebras $A$ and $B$, the semigroup $((Cu(A),Cu(B)))$ should be considered as the target in analogues of the UCT for bivariant theories of Cuntz semigroups. Read More


For a non Archimedean local field which is not of characteristic $2$, nor an extension of $\mathbb Q_2$, we construct a pseudo-differential calculus covariant under a unimodular subgroup of the affine group of the field. Our phase space is a quotient group of the covariance group. Our main result is a generalisation on that context of the Calder\'on-Vaillancourt estimate. Read More


We prove that the rank of a non-trivial co-doubly commuting submodule is $2$. More precisely, let $\varphi, \psi \in H^\infty(\mathbb{D})$ be two inner functions. If $\mathcal{Q}_{\varphi} = H^2(\mathbb{D})/ \varphi H^2(\mathbb{D})$ and $\mathcal{Q}_{\psi} = H^2(\mathbb{D})/ \psi H^2(\mathbb{D})$, then \[ \mbox{rank~}(\mathcal{Q}_{\varphi} \otimes \mathcal{Q}_{\psi})^\perp = 2. Read More


We show that there is a unique stably projectionless separable simple $C^*$-algebra ${\cal Z}_0$ with a unique tracial state, $K_0({\cal Z}_0)={\mathbb Z}$ with vanishing trace and $K_1({\cal Z}_0)=\{0\}$ which has finite nuclear dimension and satisfies the Universal Coefficient Theorem. Let $A$ and $B$ be two separable simple $C^*$-algebras satisfying the UCT and have finite nuclear dimension. We show that $A\otimes {\cal Z}_0\cong B\otimes {\cal Z}_0$ if and only if ${\rm Ell}(B\otimes {\cal Z}_0)={\rm Ell}(B\otimes {\cal Z}_0). Read More


It is shown that if a Markov map $T$ on a noncommutative probability space $\mathcal{M}$ has a spectral gap on $L_2(\mathcal{M})$, then it also has one on $L_p(\mathcal{M})$ for $1Read More


The Hardy-Littlewood inequality on $\mathbb{T}$ compares the $L^p$-norm of a function with a weighted $\ell^p$-norm of its Fourier coefficients. The approach has recently been studied for compact homogeneous spaces and we study a natural analogue in the framework of compact quantum groups. Especially, in the case of the reduced group $C^*$-algebras and free quantum groups, we establish explicit $L^p-\ell^p$ inequalities through inherent information of underlying quantum group, such as growth rate and rapid decay property. Read More


We study Fell bundles on groupoids from the viewpoint of quantale theory. Given any saturated upper semicontinuous Fell bundle $\pi:E\to G$ on an \'etale groupoid $G$ with $G_0$ locally compact Hausdorff, equipped with a suitable completion $A$ of its convolution algebra, we obtain a map of involutive quantales $p:\operatorname{Max} A\to\operatorname{\Omega}(G)$ whose properties reflect those of $G$, $\pi$, and $A$. In particular, if $p$ is a semiopen map then $G$ is Hausdorff, at least for trivial Fell bundles, and if $G$ is Hausdorff then $p$ is semiopen if and only if $A$ is an algebra of sections of the bundle. Read More


The main result in this paper is a fixed point formula for equivariant indices of elliptic differential operators, for proper actions by connected semisimple Lie groups on possibly noncompact manifolds, with compact quotients. For compact groups and manifolds, this reduces to the Atiyah-Segal-Singer fixed point formula. Other special cases include an index theorem by Connes and Moscovici for homogeneous spaces, and an earlier index theorem by the second author, both in cases where the group acting is connected and semisimple. Read More


In previous work, we defined and studied $\Sigma^*$-modules, a class of Hilbert $C^*$-modules over $\Sigma^*$-algebras (the latter are $C^*$-algebras that are sequentially closed in the weak operator topology). The present work continues this study by developing the appropriate $\Sigma^*$-algebraic analogue of the notion of strong Morita equivalence for $C^*$-algebras. We define strong $\Sigma^*$-Morita equivalence, prove a few characterizations, look at the relationship with equivalence of categories of a certain type of Hilbert space representation, study $\Sigma^*$-versions of the interior and exterior tensor products, and prove a $\Sigma^*$-version of the Brown-Green-Rieffel stable isomorphism theorem. Read More


Recently, Boutonnet, Chifan, and Ioana proved that McDuff's examples of continuum many pairwise non-isomorphic separable II$_1$ factors are in fact pairwise non-elementarily equivalent. Their proof proceeded by showing that any ultrapowers of any two distinct McDuff examples are not isomorphic. In a paper by the first two authors of this paper, Ehrenfeucht-Fra\"isse games were used to find an upper bound on the quantifier complexity of sentences distinguishing the McDuff examples, leaving it as an open question to find concrete sentences distinguishing the McDuff factors. Read More


We consider a family of $*$-commuting local homeomorphisms on a compact space, and build a compactly aligned product system of Hilbert bimodules (in the sense of Fowler). This product system has a Nica-Toeplitz algebra and a Cuntz-Pimsner algebra. Both algebras carry a gauge action of a higher-dimensional torus, and there are many possible dynamics obtained by composing with different embeddings of the real line in this torus. Read More


We compute the $L^2$-Betti numbers of the free $C^*$-tensor categories, which are the representation categories of the universal unitary quantum groups $A_u(F)$. We show that the $L^2$-Betti numbers of the dual of a compact quantum group $G$ are equal to the $L^2$-Betti numbers of the representation category $Rep(G)$ and thus, in particular, invariant under monoidal equivalence. As an application, we obtain several new computations of $L^2$-Betti numbers for discrete quantum groups, including the quantum permutation groups and the free wreath product groups. Read More


We explore the connection between ring homomorphisms and semigroup homomorphisms on matrix algebras over rings or $C^*$-algebras. Read More


In this paper, we study the multiplicative behaviour of a trace preserving, completely positive map on matrix algebras. Such maps are called quantum channels. It turns out that the multiplicative domain of a quantum channel plays a crucial role in determining its spectral properties. Read More


Let $T$ be a circle and $LT$ be its loop group. Let $\mathcal{M}$ be an infinite dimensional manifold equipped with a nice $LT$-action. We construct an analytic $LT$-equivariant index for $\mathcal{M}$, and justify it in terms of noncommutative geometry. Read More


We study and classify free actions of compact quantum groups on unital C*-algebras in terms of generalized factor systems. Moreover, we use these factor systems to show that all finite coverings of irrational rotation C*-algebras are cleft. Read More


Within the class of connected simply connected solvable Lie groups of type~I, we determine for which ones their $C^*$-algebras are strongly quasidiagonal. We give also examples of amenable Lie groups with non-quasidiagonal $C^*$-algebras. Read More


2017Jan

We prove a quantitative Fourth Moment Theorem for Wigner integrals of any order with symmetric kernels, generalizing an earlier result from Kemp et al. (2012). The proof relies on free stochastic analysis and uses a new biproduct formula for bi-integrals. Read More


In this paper, we present two new ways to associate a spectral triple to a higher-rank graph $\Lambda$. Moreover, we prove that these spectral triples are intimately connected to the wavelet decomposition of the infinite path space of $\Lambda$ which was introduced by Farsi, Gillaspy, Kang, and Packer in 2015. We first introduce the concept of stationary $k$-Bratteli diagrams, to associate a family of ultrametric Cantor sets to a finite, strongly connected higher-rank graph $\Lambda$. Read More


We prove that every surjective isometry between the unit spheres of two atomic JBW$^*$-triples $E$ and $B$ admits a unit extension to a surjective real linear isometry from $E$ into $B$. This result constitutes a new positive answer to Tignley's problem in the Jordan setting. Read More


We consider weakly positive semidefinite kernels valued in ordered $*$-spaces with or without certain topological properties, and investigate their linearisations (Kolmogorov decompositions) as well as their reproducing kernel spaces. The spaces of realisations are of VE (Vector Euclidean) or VH (Vector Hilbert) type, more precisely, vector spaces that possess gramians (vector valued inner products). The main results refer to the case when the kernels are invariant under certain actions of $*$-semigroups and show under which conditions $*$-representations on VE-spaces, or VH-spaces in the topological case, can be obtained. Read More


Let $(A,\alpha)$ be a system consisting of a $C^*$-algebra $A$ and an automorphism $\alpha$ of $A$. We describe the primitive ideal space of the partial-isometric crossed product $A\times_{\alpha}^{\textrm{piso}}\mathbb{N}$ of the system by using its realization as a full corner of a classical crossed product and applying some results of Williams and Echterhoff. Read More


Trace formulas are investigated in non-commutative integration theory. The main result is to evaluate the standard trace of a Takesaki dual and, for this, we introduce the notion of interpolator and accompanied boundary objects. The formula is then applied to explore a variation of Haagerup's trace formula. Read More


The $2$-adic ring $C^*$-algebra $\mathcal{Q}_2$ naturally contains a copy of the Cuntz algebra $\mathcal{O}_2$ and, a fortiori, also of its diagonal subalgebra $\mathcal{D}_2$ with Cantor spectrum. This paper is aimed at studying the group ${\rm Aut}_{\mathcal{D}_2}(\mathcal{Q}_2)$ of the automorphisms of $\mathcal{Q}_2$ fixing $\mathcal{D}_2$ pointwise. It turns out that any such automorphism leaves $\mathcal{O}_2$ globally invariant. Read More


We answer the question of how large the dimension of a quantum lens space must be, compared to the primary parameter $r$, for the isomorphism class to depend on the secondary parameters. Since classification results in C*-algebra theory reduces this question to one concerning a certain kind of $SL$-equivalence of integer matrices of a special form, our approach is entirely combinatorial and based on the counting of certain paths in the graphs shown by Hong and Szyma\'nski to describe the quantum lens spaces. Read More


We study the topological structure of the automorphism groups of compact quantum groups showing that, in parallel to a classical result due to Iwasawa, the connected component of identity of the automorphism group and of the "inner" automorphism group coincide. For compact matrix quantum groups, which can be thought of as quantum analogues of compact Lie groups, we prove that the inner automorphism group is a compact Lie group and the outer automorphism group is discrete. Applications of this to the study of group actions on compact quantum groups are highlighted. Read More


We characterize some equivalent statements of aperiodicity of an element on locally compact group, and give an intuition for "How strong does the aperiodicity of an element affect the existence of hypercyclic weighted translation operators?". In fact, there exists a mixing, chaotic and frequently hypercyclic weighted translation $T_{a,w}$ when $a$ is an aperiodic element. In other words, this explains how hard it is to argue the existence of hypercyclic weighted translation operators when we take off the aperiodicity of the element $a$. Read More


We study the ideal structure of reduced crossed product of topological dynamical systems of a countable discrete group. More concretely, for a compact Hausdorff space $X$ with an action of a countable discrete group $\Gamma$, we consider the absence of a non-zero ideals in the reduced crossed product $C(X) \rtimes_r \Gamma$ which has a zero intersection with $C(X)$. We characterize this condition by a property for amenable subgroups of the stabilizer subgroups of $X$ in terms of the Chabauty space of $\Gamma$. Read More


A statistical experiment on a von Neumann algebra is a parametrized family of normal states on the algebra. This paper introduces the concept of minimal sufficiency for statistical experiments in such operator algebraic situations. We define equivalence relations of statistical experiments indexed by a common parameter set by completely positive or Schwarz coarse-graining and show that any statistical experiment is equivalent to a minimal sufficient statistical experiment unique up to normal isomorphism of outcome algebras. Read More


Given two complex Hilbert spaces $H$ and $K$, let $S(B(H))$ and $S(B(K))$ denote the unit spheres of the C$^*$-algebras $B(H)$ and $B(K)$ of all bounded linear operators on $H$ and $K$, respectively. We prove that every surjective isometry $f: S(B(K)) \to S(B(H))$ admits an extension to a surjective complex linear or conjugate linear isometry $T: B(K)\to B(H)$. This provides a positive answer to Tingley's problem in the setting of $B(H)$ spaces. Read More


We study w*-semicrossed products over actions of the free semigroup and the free abelian semigroup on (possibly non-selfadjoint) w*-closed algebras. We show that they are reflexive when the dynamics are implemented by uniformly bounded families of invertible row operators. Combining with results of Helmer we derive that w*-semicrossed products over factors (on a separable Hilbert space) are reflexive. Read More


For a simple $C^*$-algebra $A$ and any other $C^*$-algebra $B$, it is proved that every closed ideal of $A \otimes^\min B$ is a product ideal if either $A$ is exact or $B$ is nuclear. Closed commutator of a closed ideal admitting a quasi-central approximate identity in a Banach algebra is described in terms of the commutator of the Banach algebra. Using these, closed Lie ideals of $A \otimes^\min C(X)$ are determined, $A$ being any simple unital $C^*$-algebra with at most one tracial state and $X$ any compact Hausdorff space. Read More


A trace on a C*-algebra is amenable (resp. quasidiagonal) if it admits a net of completely positive, contractive maps into matrix algebras which approximately preserve the trace and are approximately multiplicative in the 2-norm (resp. operator norm). Read More


We prove that the category of solitons of a finite index conformal net is a bicommutant category, and that its Drinfel'd center is the category of representations of the conformal net. In the special case of a chiral WZW conformal net with finite index, the second result specializes to the statement that the Drinfel'd center of the category of positive energy representations of the based loop group is equivalent to the category of positive energy representations of the free loop group. These results were announced in [arXiv:1503. Read More


In further study of the application of crossed-product functors to the Baum-Connes Conjecture, Buss, Echterhoff, and Willett introduced various other properties that crossed-product functors may have. Here we introduce and study analogues of these properties for coaction functors, making sure that the properties are preserved when the coaction functors are composed with the full crossed product to make a crossed-product functor. The new properties for coaction functors studied here are functoriality for generalized homomorphisms and the correspondence property. Read More


We give an algorithm to compute the $K$-groups of the crossed product by the flip automorphism for a nuclear C$^*$-algebra satisfying the UCT. Read More