# Mathematics - Number Theory Publications (50)

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## Mathematics - Number Theory Publications

Let $k=12 m(k)+s \ge 12$ for $s\in \{0,4,6,8,10,14\}$, be an even integer and $f$ be a normalised modular form of weight $k$ with real Fourier coefficients, written as $$ f=E_k+\sum_{j=1}^{m(k)}a_jE_{k-12j}\Delta^j. $$ Under suitable conditions on $a_j$ (rectifying an earlier result of Getz), we show that all the zeros of $f$, in the standard fundamental domain for the action of ${\bf SL}(2,\mathbb Z)$ on the upper half plane, lies on the arc $A:= \left\{ e^{i \theta} : \frac{\pi}{2} \le \theta \le \frac{2\pi}{3} \right\}$. Further, extending a result of Nozaki, we show that for certain family $\{f_k\}_k$ of normalised modular forms, the zeros of $f_k$ and $f_{k+12}$ interlace on $A^\circ:= \left\{ e^{i \theta} : \frac{\pi}{2} < \theta < \frac{2\pi}{3} \right\}$. Read More

Using jagged overpartitions, we give three generalizations of a weighted word version of Capparelli's identity due to Andrews, Alladi, and Gordon and present several corollaries. Read More

Alladi and Gordon introduced the method of weighted words in 1993 to prove a refinement and generalisation of Schur's partition identity. Together with Andrews, they later used it to refine Capparelli's and G\"ollnitz' identities too. In this paper, we present a new variant of this method, which can be used to study more complicated partition identities, and apply it to prove refinements and generalisations of three partition identities. Read More

In this note, we announce results on integral points on some modular varieties, based on a generalisation of Runge's method in higher dimensions, which will be explained beforehand. In particular, we obtain an explicit result in the case of the Siegel modular variety $A_2(2)$. Read More

We say that a formal power series $\sum a_n z^n$ with rational coefficients is a 2-function if the numerator of the fraction $a_{n/p}-p^2 a_n$ is divisible by $p^2$ for every prime number $p$. One can prove that 2-functions with rational coefficients appear as building block of BPS generating functions in topological string theory. Using the Frobenius map we define 2-functions with coefficients in algebraic number fields. Read More

In this brief note we connect the discrete logarithm problem over prime fields in the safe prime case to the logarithmic derivative. Read More

With the method of moments and the mollification method, we study the central $L$-values of GL(2) Maass forms of weight $0$ and level $1$ and establish a positive-proportional nonvanishing result of such values in the aspect of large spectral parameter in short intervals, which is qualitatively optimal in view of Weyl's law. As an application of this result and a formula of Katok--Sarnak, we give a nonvanishing result on the first Fourier coefficients of Maass forms of weight $\hf$ and level $4$ in the Kohnen plus space. Read More

Let $X$ be a connected scheme, smooth and separated over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic $p\geq 0$, let $f:Y\rightarrow X$ be a smooth proper morphism and $x$ a geometric point on $X$. We prove that the tensor invariants of bounded length $\leq d$ of $\pi_1(X,x)$ acting on the \'etale cohomology groups $H^*(Y_x,F_\ell)$ are the reduction modulo-$\ell$ of those of $\pi_1(X,x)$ acting on $H^*(Y_x,Z_\ell)$ for $\ell$ greater than a constant depending only on $f:Y\rightarrow X$, $d$. We apply this result to show that the geometric variant with $F_\ell$-coefficients of the Grothendieck-Serre semisimplicity conjecture -- namely that $\pi_1(X,x)$ acts semisimply on $H^*(Y_x,F_\ell)$ for $\ell\gg 0$ -- is equivalent to the condition that the image of $\pi_1(X,x)$ acting on $H^*(Y_x,Q_\ell)$ is `almost maximal' (in a precise sense; what we call `almost hyperspecial') with respect to the group of $Q_\ell$-points of its Zariski closure. Read More

The main purpose of this paper is to provide a novel approach to deriving formulas for the p-adic q-integral including the Volkenborn integral and the p-adic fermionic integral. By applying integral equations and these integral formulas to the falling factorials, the rising factorials and binomial coefficients, we derive some new and old identities and relations related to various combinatorial sums, well-known special numbers such as the Bernoulli and Euler numbers, the harmonic numbers, the Stirling numbers, the Lah numbers, the Harmonic numbers, the Fubini numbers, the Daehee numbers and the Changhee numbers. Applying these identities and formulas, we give some new combinatorial sums. Read More

We discuss the number-theoretic properties of distributions appearing in
physical systems when an observable is a quotient of two independent
exponentially weighted integers. The spectral density of ensemble of linear
polymer chains distributed with the law $~f^L$ ($0

Recently, the singular support and the characteristic cycle of an \'etale sheaf on a smooth variety over a perfect field are constructed by Beilinson and Saito, respectively. In this article, we extend the singular support to a relative situation. As an application, we prove the generic constancy for singular supports and characteristic cycles of \'etale sheaves on a smooth fibration. Read More

We study the subgraph of the Young-Fibonacci graph induced by elements with odd $f$-statistic (the $f$-statistic of an element $w$ of a differential graded poset is the number of saturated chains from the minimal element of the poset to $w$). We show that this subgraph is a binary tree. Moreover, the odd residues of the $f$-statistics in a row of this tree equidistibute modulo any power two. Read More

In this paper, we define and construct canonical filtered $F$-crystals with $G$-structure over the integral models for Shimura varieties of abelian type at hyperspecial level defined by Kisin. We check that these are related by $p$-adic comparison theorems to the usual lisse sheaves, and as an application we also use this to show that the Galois representations generated from the $p$-adic \'etale cohomology of Shimura varieties with nontrivial coefficient sheaves are crystalline, at least in the case of proper abelian type Shimura varieties. Read More

The classical Kronecker limit formula describes the constant term in the Laurent expansion at the first order pole of the non-holomorphic Eisenstein series associated to the cusp at infinity of the modular group. Recently, the meromorphic continuation and Kronecker limit type formulas were investigated for non-holomorphic Eisenstein series associated to hyperbolic and elliptic elements of a Fuchsian group of the first kind by Jorgenson, Kramer and the first named author. In the present work, we realize averaged versions of all three types of Eisenstein series for $\Gamma_0(N)$ as regularized theta lifts of a single type of Poincar\'e series, due to Selberg. Read More

We find nice representatives for the 0-dimensional cusps of the degree $n$ Siegel upper half-space under the action of $\Gamma_0(\stufe)$. To each of these we attach a Siegel Eisenstein series, and then we make explicit a result of Siegel, realizing any integral weight average Siegel theta series of arbitrary level $\stufe$ and Dirichlet character $\chi_L$ modulo $\stufe$ as a linear combination of Siegel Eisenstein series. Read More

I solve here a question of Vladimir Reshetnikov in Mathoverflow (question 261649) about the values of Fabius function. Namely, I prove that the numbers $R_n:=2^{-\binom{n-1}{2}}(2n)! F(2^{-n})\prod_{m=1}^{\lfloor n/2\rfloor}(2^{2m}-1)$ are integers. We show also some other arithmetical properties of the values of Fabius function at dyadic points. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}IMJ

In this article, we use the Combinatorial Nullstellensatz to give new proofs of the Cauchy-Davenport, the Dias da Silva-Hamidoune and to generalize a previous addition theorem of the author. Precisely, this last result proves that for a set A $\subset$ Fp such that A $\cap$ (--A) = $\emptyset$ the cardinality of the set of subsums of at least $\alpha$ pairwise distinct elements of A is: |$\Sigma$$\alpha$(A)| $\ge$ min (p, |A|(|A| + 1)/2 -- $\alpha$($\alpha$ + 1)/2 + 1) , the only cases previously known were $\alpha$ $\in$ {0, 1}. The Combinatorial Nullstellensatz is used, for the first time, in a direct and in a reverse way. Read More

Let $(\mathbb{T}_f,\mathfrak{m}_f)$ denote the mod $p$ local Hecke algebra attached to a normalised Hecke eigenform $f$, which is a commutative algebra over some finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$ of characteristic $p$ and with residue field $\mathbb{F}_q$. By a result of Carayol we know that, if the residual Galois representation $\overline{\rho}_f:G_\mathbb{Q}\rightarrow\mathrm{GL}_2(\mathbb{F}_q)$ is absolutely irreducible, then one can attach to this algebra a Galois representation $\rho_f:G_\mathbb{Q}\rightarrow\mathrm{GL}_2(\mathbb{T}_f)$ that is a lift of $\overline{\rho}_f$. We will show how one can determine the image of $\rho_f$ under the assumptions that $(i)$ the image of the residual representation contains $\mathrm{SL}_2(\mathbb{F}_q)$, $(ii)$ that $\mathfrak{m}_f^2=0$ and $(iii)$ that the coefficient ring is generated by the traces. Read More

We show that a Born-Infeld soliton can be realised either as a spacelike minimal graph or timelike minimal graph over a timelike plane or a combination of both away from singular points. We also obtain some exact solutions of the Born-Infeld equation from already known solutions to the maximal surface equation. Further we present a method to construct a one-parameter family of complex solitons from a given one parameter family of maximal surfaces. Read More

We show that (under mild assumptions) the generating function of log homology torsion of a knot exterior has a meromorphic continuation to the entire complex plane. As corollaries, this gives new proofs of (a) the Silver-Williams asymptotic, (b) Fried's theorem on reconstructing the Alexander polynomial (c) Gordon's theorem on periodic homology. Our results generalize to other rank 1 growth phenomena, e. Read More

We prove that the family of non-cocompact non-commensurable lattices $PSL(2,O_F)$ in $PSL(2, R^{r_1}\oplus C^{r_2})$ with F running over number fields with fixed archimedean signature $(r_1, r_2)$ has the limit multiplicity property. Read More

In this paper we deal with a problem of Peth\H{o} related to existence of quartic algebraic integer $\alpha$ for which $$ \beta=\frac{4\alpha^4}{\alpha^4-1}-\frac{\alpha}{\alpha-1} $$ is a quadratic algebraic number. By studying rational solutions of certain Diophantine system we prove that there are infinitely many $\alpha$'s such that the corresponding $\beta$ is quadratic. Moreover, we present a description of all quartic numbers $\alpha$ such that $\beta$ is quadratic real number. Read More

We confirm an observation of Lubin concerning families of $p$-adic power series that commute under composition. We prove that under certain conditions, there is a formal group such that the power series in the family are either endomorphisms of this group, or at least semi-conjugate to endomorphisms of this group. Read More

We prove that certain crystabelline deformation rings of two dimensional residual representations of $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbb{Q}}_p/\mathbb{Q}_p)$ are Cohen-Macaulay. As a consequence, this allows to improve Kisin's $R[1/p]=\mathbb{T}[1/p]$ theorem to an $R=\mathbb{T}$ theorem. Read More

We realize that geometric polynomials and p-Bernoulli polynomials and numbers are closely related with an integral representation. Therefore, using geometric polynomials, we extend some properties of Bernoulli polynomials and numbers such as recurrence relations, telescopic formula and Raabe's formula to p-Bernoulli polynomials and numbers. In particular cases of these results, we establish some new results for Bernoulli polynomials and numbers. Read More

In this paper, using geometric polynomials, we obtain a generating function of p-Bernoulli numbers. As a consequences this generating function, we derive closed formulas for the finite summation of Bernoulli and harmonic numbers involving Stirling numbers of the second kind. Read More

Binary Sidel'nikov-Lempel-Cohn-Eastman sequences (or SLCE sequences) over F 2 have even period and almost perfect autocorrelation. However, the evaluation of the linear complexity of these sequences is really difficult. In this paper, we continue the study of [1]. Read More

Let $n_1 < n_2 < \cdots < n_N$ be non-negative integers. In a private communication Brian Conrey asked how fast the number of real zeros of the trigonometric polynomials $T_N(\theta) = \sum_{j=1}^N {\cos (n_j\theta)}$ tends to $\infty$ as a function $N$. Conrey's question in general does not appear to be easy. Read More

In this paper we focus on finding all the factorials expressible as a product of a fixed number of $2k$-nacci numbers with $k \geq 2$. We derive the 2-adic valuation of the $2k$-nacci sequence and use it to establish bounds on the solutions of the initial equation. In addition, we specify a more general family of sequences, for which we can perform a similar procedure. Read More

We establish four supercongruences between truncated ${}_3F_2$ hypergeometric series involving $p$-adic Gamma functions, which extend some of the Rodriguez-Villegas supercongruences. Read More

We show an Iwasawa functional equation for a two dimensional $p$-adic representation of the absolute Galois group of $\mathbf{Q}_p$. This allows us to complete Nakamura's proof of Kato's local $\epsilon$-conjecture in dimension $2$. Read More

We develop a variant of Coleman and Perrin Riou's methods giving, for a de Rham $p$-adic Galois representation, a construction of $p$-adic $L$ functions from a compatible system of global elements. As a result, we construct analytic functions on an open set of the $p$-adic weight space containing all locally algebraic characters of large enough conductor. Applied to Kato's Euler system, this gives $p$-adic $L$-functions for elliptic curves with additive bad reduction and, more generally, for modular forms which are supercuspidal at $p$. Read More

We prove a version of Bagchi's Theorem and of Voronin's Universality Theorem for family of primitive cusp forms of weight $2$ and prime level, and discuss under which conditions the argument will apply to general reasonable family of automorphic $L$-functions. Read More

We show that whenever $\delta>0$, $\eta$ is real and constants $\lambda _i$ satisfy some necessary conditions, there are infinitely many prime triples $p_1,\, p_2,\, p_3$ satisfying the inequality $|\lambda _1p_1 + \lambda _2p_2 + \lambda _3p_3+\eta|<(\max p_j)^{-1/12+\delta}$ and such that, for each $i\in\{1,2,3\}$, $p_i+2$ has at most $28$ prime factors. Read More

There has been an avalanche of recent research on multiple zeta values. We propose dividing identities for multiple zeta values into structural and specific types. Structural identities are valid for any generalized multiple zeta function, and we systematically investigate them through symmetric functions. Read More

We analyze the modular properties of D3-brane instanton corrections to the hypermultiplet moduli space in type IIB string theory compactified on a Calabi-Yau threefold. In Part I, we found a necessary condition for the existence of an isometric action of S-duality on this moduli space: the generating function of DT invariants in the large volume attractor chamber must be a vector-valued mock modular form with specified modular properties. In this work, we prove that this condition is also sufficient at two-instanton order. Read More

This is the English translation of my old paper 'Definici\'on y estudio de una funci\'on indefinidamente diferenciable de soporte compacto', Rev. Real Acad. Ciencias 76 (1982) 21-38. Read More

In this paper, we study the Galois conjugates of stretch factors of pseudo-Anosov elements of the mapping class group of a surface. We show that---except in low-complexity cases---these conjugates are dense in the complex plane. For this, we use Penner's construction of pseudo-Anosov mapping classes. Read More

Using a self-replicating method, we generalize with a free parameter some Borwein algorithms for the number $\pi$. This generalization includes values of the Gamma function like $\Gamma(1/3)$, $\Gamma(1/4)$ and of course $\Gamma(1/2)=\sqrt{\pi}$. In addition, we give new rapid algorithms for the perimeter of an ellipse. Read More

In 2012, Diem introduced a new figure of merit for cryptographic sequences called expansion complexity. In this paper, we slightly modify this notion to obtain the so-called irreducible-expansion complexity which is more suitable for certain applications. We analyze both, the classical and the modified expansion complexity. Read More

We study the nodal intersections number of random Gaussian toral Laplace eigenfunctions ("arithmetic random waves") against a fixed smooth reference curve. The expected intersection number is proportional to the the square root of the eigenvalue times the length of curve, independent of its geometry. The asymptotic behaviour of the variance was addressed by Rudnick-Wigman; they found a precise asymptotic law for "generic" curves with nowhere vanishing curvature, depending on both its geometry and the angular distribution of lattice points lying on circles corresponding to the Laplace eigenvalue. Read More

We study the arithmetic properties of Weierstrass points on the modular curves $X_0^+(p)$ for primes $p$. In particular, we obtain a relationship between the Weierstrass points on $X_0^+(p)$ and the $j$-invariants of supersingular elliptic curves in characteristic $p$. Read More

Given a quadratic number field $k=\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{d})$ with narrow class number $h_d^+$ and discriminant $\Delta_k$, let $\underline{\textbf{O}}_d$ be the orthogonal $\mathbb{Z}$-group of the associated norm form $q_d$. In this paper we describe the structure of the pointed set $H^1_{\mathrm{fl}}(\mathbb{Z},\underline{\textbf{O}}_d)$, which classifies quadratic forms isomorphic (properly or improperly) to $q_d$ in the flat topology, and express its cardinality in terms of $h_d^+$ and $h_{-d}^+$. Using this cohomological language we extend the classical result of Gauss that the composition of any form of discriminant $\Delta_k$ with itself belongs to the principal genus. Read More

Markov's theorem classifies the worst irrational numbers with respect to rational approximation and the indefinite binary quadratic forms whose values for integer arguments stay farthest away from zero. The main purpose of this paper is to present a new proof of Markov's theorem using hyperbolic geometry. The main ingredients are a dictionary to translate between hyperbolic geometry and algebra/number theory, and some very basic tools borrowed from modern geometric Teichm\"uller theory. Read More

We prove an explicit integral representation -- involving the pullback of a suitable Siegel Eisenstein series -- for the twisted standard $L$-function associated to a holomorphic vector-valued Siegel cusp form of degree $n$ and arbitrary level. In contrast to all previously proved pullback formulas in this situation, our formula involves only scalar-valued functions despite being applicable to $L$-functions of vector-valued Siegel cusp forms. The key new ingredient in our method is a novel choice of local vectors at the archimedean place which allows us to exactly compute the archimedean local integral. Read More

New monodromy relations of loop amplitudes are derived in open string theory. We particularly study N-point one-loop amplitudes described by a world-sheet cylinder (planar and non-planar) and derive a set of relations between subamplitudes of different color orderings. Various consistency checks are performed by matching alpha'-expansions of planar and non-planar amplitudes involving elliptic iterated integrals with the resulting periods giving rise to two sets of multiple elliptic zeta values. Read More

With a view to establishing measure theoretic approximation properties of Delone sets, we study a setup which arises naturally in the problem of averaging almost periodic functions along exponential sequences. In this setting, we establish a full converse of the Borel-Cantelli lemma. This provides an analogue of more classical problems in the metric theory of Diophantine approximation, but with the distance to the nearest integer function replaced by distance to an arbitrary Delone set. Read More

**Authors:**Moa Apagodu

We provide both human and computer (even better collaboration between the two) proofs to four recent American Mathematical Monthly problems, namely problem 11876, problem 11876, problem 11876, and problem 11876. We also show that problem 11928 may lead to interesting combinatorial identities. Read More

A permutiple is a number which is an integer multiple of some permutation of its digits. A well-known example is 9801 since it is an integer multiple of its reversal, 1089. In this paper, we consider the permutiple problem in an entirely different setting: continued fractions. Read More

Let $h(-n)$ be the class number of the imaginary quadratic field with discriminant $-n$. We establish an asymtotic formula for correlations involving $h(-n)$ and $h(-n-l)$, over fundamental discriminants that avoid the congruence class $1\pmod{8}$. Our result is uniform in the shift $l$, and the proof uses an identity of Gauss relating $h(-n)$ to representations of integers as sums of three squares. Read More