Mathematics - Mathematical Physics Publications (50)


Mathematics - Mathematical Physics Publications

Here we study the nonlinear hyperbolic equations of the type of equations from theory of flows on networks, for which we prove the solvability theorem under the appropriate conditions and also investigate the behaviour of the solution. Read More

We consider a system of N particles interacting via a short-range smooth potential, in a intermediate regime between the weak-coupling and the low-density. We provide a rigorous derivation of the Linear Landau equation from this particle system. The strategy of the proof consists in showing the asymptotic equivalence between the one-particle marginal and the solution of the linear Boltzmann equation with vanishing mean free path. Read More

We consider a finite-dimensional quantum system coupled to the bosonic radiation field and subject to a time-periodic control operator. Assuming the validity of a certain dynamic decoupling condition we approximate the system's time evolution with respect to the non-interacting dynamics. For sufficiently small coupling constants $g$ and control periods $T$ we show that a certain deviation of coupled and uncoupled propagator may be estimated by $\mathcal{O}(gt \, T)$. Read More

This paper is intended to be a further step through our Killing spinor programme started with Class. Quantum Grav. \textbf{32}, 175007 (2015), and we will advance our programme in accordance with the road map recently given in arXiv:1611. Read More

Recent years witnessed an extensive development of the theory of the critical point in two-dimensional statistical systems, which allowed to prove {\it existence} and {\it conformal invariance} of the {\it scaling limit} for two-dimensional Ising model and dimers in planar graphs. Unfortunately, we are still far from a full understanding of the subject: so far, exact solutions at the lattice level, in particular determinant structure and exact discrete holomorphicity, play a cucial role in the rigorous control of the scaling limit. The few results about not-integrable (interacting) systems at criticality are still unable to deal with {\it finite domains} and {\it boundary corrections}, which are of course crucial for getting informations about conformal covariance. Read More

The analysis of the entanglement entropy of a subsystem of a one-dimensional quantum system is a powerful tool for unravelling its critical nature. For instance, the scaling behaviour of the entanglement entropy determines the central charge of the associated Virasoro algebra. For a free fermion system, the entanglement entropy depends essentially on two sets, namely the set $A$ of sites of the subsystem considered and the set $K$ of excited momentum modes. Read More

This paper is concerned with the invisibility cloaking in electromagnetic wave scattering from a new perspective. We are especially interested in achieving the invisibility cloaking by completely regular and isotropic mediums. Our study is based on an interior transmission eigenvalue problem. Read More

A new generalized Wick theorem for interacting fields in 2D conformal field theory is described. We briefly discuss its relation to the Borcherds identity and its derivation by an analytic method. Examples of the calculations of the operator product expansions by using the generalized Wick theorems including fermionic fields are also presented. Read More

We discuss several classes of integrable Floquet systems, i.e. systems which do not exhibit chaotic behavior even under a time dependent perturbation. Read More

An efficient systematic procedure is provided for symbolic computation of Lie groups of equivalence transformations and generalized equivalence transformations of systems of differential equations that contain arbitrary elements (arbitrary functions and/or arbitrary constant parameters), using the software package GeM for Maple. Application of equivalence transformations to the reduction of the number of arbitrary elements in a given system of equations is discussed, and several examples are considered. First computational example of a generalized equivalence transformation where the transformation of the dependent variable involves the arbitrary constitutive function is presented. Read More

We introduce stochastic Interaction-Round-a-Face (IRF) models that are related to representations of the elliptic quantum group $E_{\tau,\eta}(sl_2)$. For stochasic IRF models in a quadrant, we evaluate averages for a broad family of observables that can be viewed as higher analogs of $q$-moments of the height function for the stochastic (higher spin) six vertex models. In a certain limit, the stochastic IRF models degenerate to (1+1)d interacting particle systems that we call dynamic ASEP and SSEP; their jump rates depend on local values of the height function. Read More

This paper studies the structure of a parabolic partial differential equation on graphs and digital n-dimensional manifolds, which are digital models of continuous n-manifolds. Conditions for the existence of solutions of equations are determined and investigated. Numerical solutions of the equation on a Klein bottle, a projective plane, a 4D sphere and a Moebius strip are presented. Read More

We show how the Zak $kq$-representation can be adapted to deal with pseudo-bosons, and under which conditions. Then we use this representation to prove completeness of a discrete set of bi-coherent states constructed by means of pseudo-bosonic operators. The case of Riesz bi-coherent states is analyzed in detail. Read More

Let $Q$ be a free Boltzmann quadrangulation with simple boundary decorated by a critical ($p=3/4$) face percolation configuration. We prove that the chordal percolation exploration path on $Q$ between two marked boundary edges converges in the scaling limit to chordal SLE$_6$ on an independent $\sqrt{8/3}$-Liouville quantum gravity disk (equivalently, a Brownian disk). The topology of convergence is the Gromov-Hausdorff-Prokhorov-uniform topology, the natural analog of the Gromov-Hausdorff topology for curve-decorated metric measure spaces. Read More

We prove that SLE$_\kappa$ for $\kappa \in (4,8)$ on an independent $\gamma=4/\sqrt{\kappa}$-Liouville quantum gravity (LQG) surface is uniquely characterized by the form of its LQG boundary length process and the form of the conditional law of the unexplored quantum surface given the explored curve-decorated quantum surface up to each time $t$. We prove variants of this characterization for both whole-plane space-filling SLE$_\kappa$ on a $\gamma$-quantum cone (which is the setting of the peanosphere construction) and for chordal SLE$_\kappa$ on a single bead of a $\frac{3\gamma}{2}$-quantum wedge. Using the equivalence of Brownian and $\sqrt{8/3}$-LQG surfaces, we deduce that SLE$_6$ on the Brownian disk is uniquely characterized by the form of its boundary length process and that the complementary connected components of the curve up to each time $t$ are themselves conditionally independent Brownian disks given this boundary length process. Read More

We prove that the free Boltzmann quadrangulation with simple boundary and fixed perimeter, equipped with its graph metric, natural area measure, and the path which traces its boundary converges in the scaling limit to the free Boltzmann Brownian disk. The topology of convergence is the so-called Gromov-Hausdorff-Prokhorov-uniform (GHPU) topology, the natural analog of the Gromov-Hausdorff topology for curve-decorated metric measure spaces. From this we deduce that a random quadrangulation of the sphere decorated by a $2l$-step self-avoiding loop converges in law in the GHPU topology to the random curve-decorated metric measure space obtained by gluing together two Brownian disks along their boundaries. Read More

We consider a particular type of $\sqrt{8/3}$-Liouville quantum gravity surface called a doubly marked quantum disk (equivalently, a Brownian disk) decorated by an independent chordal SLE$_6$ curve $\eta$ between its marked boundary points. We obtain descriptions of the law of the quantum surfaces parameterized by the complementary connected components of $\eta([0,t])$ for each time $t \geq 0$ as well as the law of the left/right $\sqrt{8/3}$-quantum boundary length process for $\eta$. Read More

In this paper we address the question how to design photonic crystals that have photonic band gaps around a finite number of given frequencies. In such materials electromagnetic waves with these frequencies can not propagate; this makes them interesting for a large number of applications. We focus on crystals made of periodically ordered thin rods with high contrast dielectric properties. Read More

We consider co-rotational wave maps from the $(1+d)-$dimensional Minkowski space into the $d-$sphere. This is an energy supercritical model which is known to exhibit finite time blowup via self-similar solutions. In this paper, we prove the asymptotic nonlinear stability of the "ground-state" self similar solution using a method developed by Sch\"orkhuber and the second author. Read More

We prove the Wegner bounds for the one-dimensional interacting multi-particle Anderson models in the continuum. The results apply to singular probability distribution functions such as the Bernoulli's measures. The proofs need the amplitude of the inter-particle interaction potential to be sufficiently weak. Read More

This paper is devoted to the study of the spectral properties of Dirac operators on the three-sphere with singular magnetic fields supported on smooth, oriented links. As for Aharonov-Bohm solenoids in Euclidean three-space, the flux carried by an oriented knot features a $2\pi$-periodicity of the associated operator. For a given link one thus obtains a family of Dirac operators indexed by a torus of fluxes. Read More

Caldeira and Leggett (CL) in a seminal paper derived a master equation describing Markovian Quantum Brownian motion. Such an equation suffered of not being completely positive, and many efforts have been made to solve this issue. We show that, when a careful mathematical analysis is performed, the model considered by CL leads to a non dissipative master equation. Read More

This paper is a contribution to semiclassical analysis for abstract Schr\"odinger type operators on locally compact spaces: Let $X$ be a metrizable seperable locally compact space, let $\mu$ be a Radon measure on $X$ with a full support. Let $(t,x,y)\mapsto p(t,x,y)$ be a strictly positive pointwise consistent $\mu$-heat kernel, and assume that the generator $H_p\geq 0$ of the corresponding self-adjoint contraction semigroup in $L^2(X,\mu)$ induces a regular Dirichlet form. Then, given a function $\Psi : (0,1)\to (0,\infty)$ such that the limit $\lim_{t\to 0+}p(t,x,x)\Psi (t)$ exists for all $x\in X$, we prove that for every potential $w:X\to \mathbb{R}$ one has $$ \lim_{t \to 0+} \Psi (t)\mathrm{tr}\big(\mathrm{e}^{ -t H_p + w}\big)= \int \mathrm{e}^{-w(x) }\lim_{t \to 0+}p(t,x,x) \Psi (t) d\mu(x)<\infty $$ for the Schr\"odinger type operator $H_p + w$, provided $w$ satisfies very mild conditions at $\infty$, that are essentially only made to guarantee that the sum of quadratic forms $ H_p + w/t$ is self-adjoint and bounded from below for small $t$, and to guarantee that $$ \int \mathrm{e}^{-w(x) }\lim_{t\to 0+}p(t,x,x) \Psi (t) d\mu(x)<\infty. Read More

The problem for two-dimensional steady water waves with vorticity is considered. Using methods of spatial dynamics, we reduce the problem to a finite dimensional Hamiltonian system. As an application, we prove the existence of non-symmetric steady water waves when the number of roots of the dispersion equation is greater than 1. Read More

We define Dirac operators on $\mathbb{S}^3$ (and $\mathbb{R}^3$) with magnetic fields supported on smooth, oriented links and prove self-adjointness of certain (natural) extensions. We then analyze their spectral properties and show, among other things, that these operators have discrete spectrum. Certain examples, such as circles in $\mathbb{S}^3$, are investigated in detail and we compute the dimension of the zero-energy eigenspace. Read More

The correspondence between Poisson homogeneous spaces over a Poisson-Lie group $G$ and Lagrangian Lie subalgebras of the classical double $D({\mathfrak g})$ is revisited and explored in detail for the case in which ${\mathfrak g}=D(\mathfrak a)$ is a classical double itself. We apply these results to give an explicit description of all 2d Poisson homogeneous spaces over the group $\mathrm{SL}(2,R)\cong\mathrm{SO}(2,1)$, namely 2d anti de Sitter space, 2d hyperbolic space and the lightcone in 3d Minkowski space. We show how each of these spaces is obtained as a quotient with respect to a Poisson-subgroup for one of the three inequivalent Lie bialgebra structures on ${sl}(2,R)$ and as a coisotropic one for the others. Read More

We introduce the notion of a classical dihedral affine Gaudin model, associated with an untwisted affine Kac-Moody algebra $\widetilde{\mathfrak{g}}$ equipped with an action of the dihedral group $D_{2T}$, $T \geq 1$ through (anti-)linear automorphisms. We show that a very broad family of classical integrable field theories can be recast as examples of such classical dihedral affine Gaudin models. Among these are the principal chiral model on an arbitrary real Lie group $G_0$ and the $\mathbb{Z}_T$-graded coset $\sigma$-model on any coset of $G_0$ defined in terms of an order $T$ automorphism of its complexification. Read More

The generalized Kawahara equation $u_t=a(t) u_{xxxxx} +b(t)u_{xxx} +c(t)f(u) u_x$ appears in many physical applications. A complete classification of low-order conservation laws and point symmetries is obtained for this equation, which includes as a special case the usual Kawahara equation $u_t = \alpha u u_x+\beta u^2u_x +\gamma u_{xxx}+\mu u_{xxxxx}$. A general connection between conservation laws and symmetries for the generalized Kawahara equation is derived through the Hamiltonian structure of this equation and its relationship to Noether's theorem using a potential formulation. Read More

We consider implementations of high-order finite difference Weighted Essentially Non-Oscillatory (WENO) schemes for the Euler equations in cylindrical and spherical coordinate systems with radial dependence only. The main concern of this work lies in ensuring both high-order accuracy and conservation. Three different spatial discretizations are assessed: one that is shown to be high-order accurate but not conservative, one conservative but not high-order accurate, and a new approach that is both high-order accurate and conservative. Read More

We prove a result on non-clustering of particles in a two-dimensional Coulomb plasma, which holds provided that the inverse temperature $\beta$ satisfies $\beta>1$. As a consequence we obtain a result on crystallization as $\beta\to\infty$: the particles will, on a microscopic scale, appear at a certain distance from each other. The estimation of this distance is connected to Abrikosov's conjecture that the particles should freeze up according to a honeycomb lattice when $\beta\to\infty$. Read More

The aim of this work is to study, from an intrinsic and geometric point of view, second-order constrained variational problems on Lie algebroids, that is, optimization problems defined by a cost functional which depends on higher-order derivatives of admissible curves on a Lie algebroid. Extending the classical Skinner and Rusk formalism for the mechanics in the context of Lie algebroids, for second-order constrained mechanical systems, we derive the corresponding dynamical equations. We find a symplectic Lie subalgebroid where, under some mild regularity conditions, the second-order constrained variational problem, seen as a presymplectic Hamiltonian system, has a unique solution. Read More

We present a categorical construction for modelling both definite and indefinite causal structures within a general class of process theories that include classical probability theory and quantum theory. Unlike prior constructions within categorical quantum mechanics, the objects of this theory encode finegrained causal relationships between subsystems and give a new method for expressing and deriving consequences for a broad class of causal structures. To illustrate this point, we show that this framework admits processes with definite causal structures, namely one-way signalling processes, non-signalling processes, and quantum n-combs, as well as processes with indefinite causal structure, such as the quantum switch and the process matrices of Oreshkov, Costa, and Brukner. Read More

We study the high-frequency behavior of the Dirichlet-to-Neumann map for an arbitrary compact Riemannian manifold with a non-empty smooth boundary. We show that far from the real axis it can be approximated by a simpler operator. We use this fact to get new results concerning the location of the transmission eigenvalues on the complex plane. Read More

We device a new method to calculate a large number of Mellin moments of single scale quantities using the systems of differential and/or difference equations obtained by integration-by-parts identities between the corresponding Feynman integrals of loop corrections to physical quantities. These scalar quantities have a much simpler mathematical structure than the complete quantity. A sufficiently large set of moments may even allow the analytic reconstruction of the whole quantity considered, holding in case of first order factorizing systems. Read More

We illustrate a rigorous approach to express the totally symmetric isotropic tensors of arbitrary rank in the $n$-dimensional Euclidean space as a linear combination of products of Kronecker deltas. By making full use of the symmetries, one can greatly reduce the efforts to compute cumbersome angular integrals into straightforward combinatoric counts. This method is generalized into the cases in which such symmetries are present in subspaces. Read More

Weingarten calculus is a completely general and explicit method to compute the moments of the Haar measure on compact subgroups of matrix algebras. Particular cases of this calculus were initiated by theoretical physicists -- including Weingarten, after whom this calculus was coined by the first author, after investigating it systematically. Substantial progress was achieved subsequently by the second author and coworkers, based on representation theoretic and combinatorial techniques. Read More

We consider randomly distributed mixtures of bonds of ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic type in a two-dimensional square lattice with probability $1-p$ and $p$, respectively, according to an i.i.d. Read More

We present exact, stationary, parametric solutions to the Schr\"odinger--Poisson nonlinear system of partial differential equations. In the first part of our programme we draw on the homotopy analysis method to attempt for first approximated solutions. These are rather approximated not because of the method but due to an uncoupled, truncated version from the original equations. Read More

A recent paper \cite{KMMO} introduced the stochastic U_q(A_n^{(1)}) vertex model. The stochastic S-matrix is related to the R-matrix of the quantum group U_q(A_n^{(1)}) by a gauge transformation. We will show that a certain function D^+_{\mu} intertwines with the transfer matrix and its space reversal. Read More

Infinite-dimensional Galilean conformal algebras can be constructed by contracting pairs of symmetry algebras in conformal field theory, such as $W$-algebras. Known examples include contractions of pairs of the Virasoro algebra, its $N=1$ superconformal extension, or the $W_3$ algebra. Here, we introduce a contraction prescription of the corresponding operator-product algebras, or equivalently, a prescription for contracting tensor products of vertex algebras. Read More

A general procedure for constructing Yetter-Drinfeld modules from quantum principal bundles is introduced. As an application a Yetter-Drinfeld structure is put on the cotangent space of the Heckenberger-Kolb calculi of the quantum Grassmannians. For the special case of quantum projective space the associated braiding is shown to be non-diagonal and of Hecke type. Read More

A fourth-order theory of gravity is considered which in terms of dynamics has the same degrees of freedom and number of constraints as those of scalar-tensor theories. In addition it admits a canonical point-like Lagrangian description. We study the critical points of the theory and we show that it can describe the matter epoch of the universe and that two accelerated phases can be recovered one of which describes a de Sitter universe. Read More

We consider the Bradlow equation for vortices which was recently found by Manton and find a two-parameter class of analytic solutions in closed form on nontrivial geometries with non-constant curvature. The general solution to our class of metrics is given by a hypergeometric function and the area of the vortex domain by the Gaussian hypergeometric function. Read More

We consider a three-body one-dimensional Schr\"odinger operator with zero range potentials, which models a positive impurity with charge $\kappa > 0$ interacting with an exciton. We study the existence of discrete eigenvalues as $\kappa$ is varied. On one hand, we show that for sufficiently small $\kappa$ there exists a unique bound state whose binding energy behaves like $\kappa^4$, and we explicitly compute its leading coefficient. Read More

Kinematical invariance groups of the 3d Schr\"odinger equations with position dependent masses (PDM) and arbitrary potentials are classified. It is shown that there exist 94 classes of such equations possessing nonequivalent continuous symmetry groups. Among them there are 32 classes with fixed PDM, 38 classes with PDM defined up to arbitrary parameters and 24 classes with masses being arbitrary functions of particular variables. Read More

We present $\text{Fuchsia}$ $-$ an implementation of the Lee algorithm, which for a given system of ordinary differential equations with rational coefficients $\partial_x\,\mathbf{f}(x,\epsilon) = \mathbb{A}(x,\epsilon)\,\mathbf{f}(x,\epsilon)$ finds a basis transformation $\mathbb{T}(x,\epsilon)$, i.e., $\mathbf{f}(x,\epsilon) = \mathbb{T}(x,\epsilon)\,\mathbf{g}(x,\epsilon)$, such that the system turns into the epsilon form: $\partial_x\, \mathbf{g}(x,\epsilon) = \epsilon\,\mathbb{S}(x)\,\mathbf{g}(x,\epsilon)$, where $\mathbb{S}(x)$ is a Fuchsian matrix. Read More

We present a canonical way of assigning to each magnitude of a classical mechanical system a differential operator in the configuration space, thus rigorously establishing the Correspondence Principle for such systems. Here we show how each classical state given in the whole system determine, for each classical magnitude, a wave equation, whose solutions are the possible quantum states for the given state and classical magnitude. Classical states and quantum states corresponding with the same system are reciprocally conditioned. Read More

Symmetry algebras of Killing vector fields and conformal Killing vectors fields can be extended to Killing-Yano and conformal Killing-Yano superalgebras in constant curvature manifolds. By defining $\mathbb{Z}$-gradations and filtrations of these superalgebras, we show that the second cohomology groups of them are trivial and they cannot be deformed to other Lie superalgebras. This shows the rigidity of Killing-Yano and conformal Killing-Yano superalgebras and reveals the fact that they correspond to geometric invariants of constant curvature manifolds. Read More

A vector field $B$ is said to be Beltrami vector field (force free-magnetic vector field in physics), if $B\times(\nabla\times B)=0$. Motivated by our investigations on projective superflows, and as an important side result, we construct two unique Beltrami vector fields $\mathfrak{I}$ and $\mathfrak{Y}$, such that $\nabla\times\mathfrak{I}=\mathfrak{I}$, $\nabla\times\mathfrak{Y}=\mathfrak{Y}$, and that both have orientation-preserving icosahedral symmetry (group of order $60$). Analogous constructions are done for tetrahedral and octahedral groups of orders $12$ and $24$, respectively. Read More