Mathematics - Functional Analysis Publications (50)

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Mathematics - Functional Analysis Publications

Let $F$ be a non-discrete non-Archimedean local field. For any subset $S\subset F$ with finite Haar measure, there is a stationary determinantal point process on $F$ with correlation kernel $\widehat{\mathbb{1}}_S(x-y)$, where $\widehat{\mathbb{1}}_S$ is the Fourier transform of the indicator function $\mathbb{1}_S$. In this note, we give a geometrical condition on the subset $S$, such that the associated determinantal point process is rigid in the sense of Ghosh and Peres. Read More


We show that every symmetric random variable with log-concave tails satisfies the convex infimum convolution inequality with an optimal cost function (up to scaling). As a result, we obtain nearly optimal comparison of weak and strong moments for symmetric random vectors with independent coordinates with log-concave tails. Read More


We provide a direct proof of a result regarding the asymptotic behavior of alternating nearest point projections onto two closed and convex sets in a Hilbert space. Our arguments are based on nonexpansive mapping theory. Read More


We prove that every surjective isometry between the unit spheres of two trace class spaces admits a unique extension to a surjective complex linear or conjugate linear isometry between the spaces. This provides a positive solution to Tingley's problem in a new class of operator algebras. Read More


We define the notion of higher-order colocally weakly differentiable maps from a manifold $M$ to a manifold $N$. When $M$ and $N$ are endowed with Riemannian metrics, $p\ge 1$ and $k\ge 2$, this allows us to define the intrinsic higher-order homogeneous Sobolev space $\dot{W}^{k,p}(M,N)$. We show that this new intrinsic definition is not equivalent in general with the definition by an isometric embedding of $N$ in a Euclidean space; if the manifolds $M$ and $N$ are compact, the intrinsic space is a larger space than the one obtained by embedding. Read More


We compute Hermite expansions of some tempered distributions by using the Bargmann transform. In other words, we calculate the Taylor expansions of the corresponding entire functions. Our method of computations seems to be superior to the direct computations in the shifts of singularities and the higher dimensional cases. Read More


In this paper, we prove that the inclusions between Morrey spaces, between weak Morrey spaces, and between a Morrey space and a weak Morrey space are all proper. The proper inclusion between a Morrey space and a weak Morrey space is established via the unboundedness of the Hardy-Littlewood maximal operator on Morrey spaces of exponent 1. In addition, we also give a necessary condition for each inclusion. Read More


We consider the problem of determining the asymptotic order of the Gelfand numbers of mixed-(quasi-)norm embeddings $\ell^b_p(\ell^d_q) \hookrightarrow \ell^b_r(\ell^d_u)$ given that $p \leq r$ and $q \leq u$, with emphasis on cases with $p\leq 1$ and/or $q\leq 1$. These cases turn out to be related to structured sparsity. We obtain sharp bounds in a number of interesting parameter constellations. Read More


We develop the local Morse theory for a class of non-twice continuously differentiable functionals on Hilbert spaces, including a new generalization of the Gromoll-Meyer's splitting theorem and a weaker Marino-Prodi perturbation type result. With them some critical point theorems and famous bifurcation theorems are generalized. Then we show that these are applicable to studies of quasi-linear elliptic equations and systems of higher order given by multi-dimensional variational problems as in (1. Read More


We study some complete orthonormal systems on the real-line. These systems are determined by Bargmann-type transforms, which are Fourier integral operators with complex-valued quadratic phase functions. Each system consists of eigenfunctions for a second-order elliptic differential operator like the Hamiltonian of the harmonic oscillator. Read More


Weak amenability of a weighted group algebra, or a Beurling algebra, is a long-standing open problem. The commutative case has been extensively investigated and fully characterized. We study the non-commutative case. Read More


Using It\^o's formula for processes with jumps, we give a simple direct proof of the Hardy-Stein identity proved in \cite{BBL}. We extend the proof given in that paper to non-symmetric L\'evy-Fourier multipliers. Read More


We discuss several polynomial cluster value theorems for uniform algebras $H(B)$ between $A_u(B)$ and $H^{\infty}(B)$, for $B$ the open unit ball of a complex Banach space $X$. In passing, we also obtain some results about the original cluster value problem. Examples of spaces $X$ considered here are spaces of continuous functions, $\ell_1$ and uniformly convex spaces. Read More


In 2008, J.Parcet showed the $(1,1)$ weak-boundedness of Calder\'on-Zygmund operators acting on functions taking values in a von Neumann algebra. We propose a simplified version of his proof using the same tools : Cuculescu's projections and a pseudo-localisation theorem. Read More


We show that M\"{u}ntz spaces, as subspaces of $C[0,1]$, contain asymptotically isometric copies of $c_0$ and that their dual spaces are octahedral. Read More


For a conditional quasi-greedy basis $\mathcal{B}$ in a Banach space the associated conditionality constants $k_{m}[\mathcal{B}]$ verify the estimate $k_{m}[\mathcal{B}]=\mathcal{O}(\log m)$. Answering a question raised by Temlyakov, Yang, and Ye, several authors have studied whether this bound can be improved when we consider quasi-greedy bases in some special class of spaces. It is known that every quasi-greedy basis in a superreflexive Banach space verifies $k_{m}[\mathcal{B}]=(\log m)^{1-\epsilon}$ for some $0<\epsilon<1$, and this is optimal. Read More


We obtain structure theorems for semilattices of infinite breadth, exploiting their representation as union-closed set systems. In particular we show that every such semilattice admits a subquotient isomorphic to one of three natural examples. This structure theory is then applied to study a stability problem for filters in semilattices, relative to a given weight function: we show that when a union-closed set system has infinite breadth, one may construct a weight function on it such that stability of filters fails. Read More


We consider harmonic maps on simply connected Riemann surfaces into the group $\mathrm{U}(n)$ of unitary matrices of order $n$. It is known that a harmonic map with an associated algebraic extended solution can be deformed into a new harmonic map that has an $S^1$-invariant associated extended solution. We study this deformation in detail and show that the corresponding unitons are smooth functions of the deformation parameter and real analytic along any line through the origin. Read More


We show that the space $\text{Lip}_0(\mathbb R^n)$ is the dual space of $L^{1}({\mathbb R}^{n}; {\mathbb R}^{n})/N$ where $N$ is the subspace of $L^{1}({\mathbb R}^{n}; {\mathbb R}^{n})$ consisting of vector fields whose divergence vanishes. We prove that although the quotient space $L^{1}({\mathbb R}^{n}; {\mathbb R}^{n})/N$ is weakly sequentially complete, the subspace $N$ is not nicely placed - in other words, its unit ball is not closed for the topology $\tau_m$ of local convergence in measure. We prove that if $\Omega$ is a bounded open star-shaped subset of $\mathbb {R}^n$ and $X$ is a closed subspace of $L^1(\Omega)$ consisting of continuous functions, then the unit ball of $X$ is compact for the compact-open topology on $\Omega$. Read More


In this paper, we give a correspondence between the Berezin-Toeplitz and the complex Weyl quantizations of the torus $ \mathbb{T}^2$. To achieve this, we use the correspondence between the Berezin-Toeplitz and the complex Weyl quantizations of the complex plane and a relation between the Berezin-Toeplitz quantization of a periodic symbol on the real phase space $\mathbb{R}^2$ and the Berezin-Toeplitz quantization of a symbol on the torus $ \mathbb{T}^2 $. Read More


Given an elliptic operator $P$ on a non-compact manifold (with proper asymptotic conditions), there is a discrete set of numbers called indicial roots. It's known that $P$ is Fredholm between weighted Sobolev spaces if and only if the weight is not indicial. We show that an elliptic theory exists even when the weight is indicial. Read More


Given a polyanalytic function, we show that the corresponding Toeplitz operator on the Bergman space of the unit disc can be expressed as a quotient of certain differential operators with holomorphic coefficients. This enables us to obtain several operator theoretic results including a criterion for invertibility of a Toeplitz operator. Read More


In this paper we extend classical Titchmarsh theorems on the Fourier transform of H\"older-Lipschitz functions to the setting of compact homogeneous manifolds. As an application, we derive a Fourier multiplier theorem for $L^2$-H\"older-Lipschitz spaces on compact Lie groups. We also derive conditions and a characterisation for Dini-Lipschitz classes on compact homogeneous manifolds in terms of the behaviour of their Fourier coefficients. Read More


We show that the Weyl symbol of a Born-Jordan operator is in the same class as the Born-Jordan symbol, when H\"ormander symbols and certain types of modulation spaces are used as symbol classes. We use these properties to carry over continuity and Schatten-von Neumann properties to the Born-Jordan calculus. Read More


We derive necessary conditions for localization of continuous frames in terms of generalized Beurling densities. As an important application we provide necessary density conditions for sampling and interpolation in a very large class of reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces. Read More


We study some basic properties of the class of universal operators on Hilbert space, and provide new examples of universal operators and universal pairs. Read More


We consider two-variable model spaces associated to rational inner functions $\Theta$ on the bidisk, which always possess canonical $z_2$-invariant subspaces $\mathcal{S}_2.$ A particularly interesting compression of the shift is the compression of multiplication by $z_1$ to $\mathcal{S}_2$, namely $ S^1_{\Theta}:= P_{\mathcal{S}_2} M_{z_1} |_{\mathcal{S}_2}$. We show that these compressed shifts are unitarily equivalent to matrix-valued Toeplitz operators with well-behaved symbols and characterize their numerical ranges and radii. Read More


We consider a certain type of geometric properties of Banach spaces, which includes for instance octahedrality, almost squareness, lushness and the Daugavet property. For this type of properties, we obtain a general reduction theorem, which, roughly speaking, states the following: if the property in question is stable under certain finite absolute sums (for example finite $\ell^p$-sums), then it is also stable under the formation of corresponding K\"othe-Bochner spaces (for example $L^p$-Bochner spaces). From this general theorem, we obtain as corollaries a number of new results as well as some alternative proofs of already known results concerning octahedral and almost square spaces and their relatives, diameter-two-properties, lush spaces and other classes. Read More


A main objective of the present paper is to develop the theory of hypercyclicity and supercyclicity of linear operators on topological vector space over non-Archimedean valued fields. We show that there does not exist any hypercyclic operator on finite dimensional spaces. Moreover, we give sufficient and necessary conditions of hypercyclicity (resp. Read More


In this paper we consider the evolution equation $\partial_t u=\Delta_\mu u+f$ and the corresponding Cauchy problem, where $\Delta_\mu$ represents the Bessel operator $\partial_x^2+(\frac{1}{4}-\mu^2)x^{-2}$, for every $\mu>-1$. We establish weighted and mixed weighted Sobolev type inequalities for solutions of Bessel parabolic equations. We use singular integrals techniques in a parabolic setting. Read More


In the setting of a Lie group of polynomial volume growth, we derive inequalities of Caffarelli-Kohn-Nirenberg type, where the weights involved are powers of the Carnot-Caratheodory distance associated with a fixed system of vector fields which satisfy the H\"ormander condition. The use of weak $L^p$ spaces is crucial in our proofs and we formulate these inequalities within the framework of $L^{p,q}$ Lorentz spaces (a scale of (quasi)-Banach spaces which extend the more classical $L^p$ Lebesgue spaces) thereby obtaining a refinement of, for instance, Sobolev and Hardy-Sobolev inequalities. Read More


By mean of generalized Fourier series and Parseval's equality in weighted $L^{2}$--spaces, we derive a sharp energy estimate for the wave equation in a bounded interval with a moving endpoint. Then, we show the observability, in a sharp time, at each of the endpoints of the interval. The observability constants are explicitly given. Read More


We prove a version of the Ando-Choi-Effros lifting theorem respecting subspaces, which in turn relies on Oja's principle of local reflexivity respecting subspaces. To achieve this, we first develop a theory of pairs of $M$-ideals. As a first consequence we get a version respecting subspaces of the Michael-Pe{\l}czy\'nski extension theorem. Read More


We give a sufficient and necessary condition for a probability measure $\mu$ on the real line to satisfy the logarithmic Sobolev inequality for convex functions. The condition is expressed in terms of the unique left-continuous and non-decreasing map transporting the symmetric exponential measure onto $\mu$. The main tool in the proof is the theory of weak transport costs. Read More


In this paper we investigate a high dimensional version of Selberg's minorant problem for the indicator function of an interval. In particular, we study the corresponding problem of minorizing the indicator function of the box $Q_{N}=[-1,1]^N$ by a function whose Fourier transform is supported in the same box $Q_N$. We show that when $N$ is sufficiently large there are no non-trivial minorants (that is, minorants with positive integral). Read More


We give self-contained presentation of results related to the Kadison-Singer problem, which was recently solved by Marcus, Spielman, and Srivastava. This problem connects with unusually large number of areas including: operator algebras (pure states), set theory (ultrafilters), operator theory (paving), random matrix theory, linear and multilinear algebra, algebraic combinatorics (real stable polynomials), algebraic curves, frame theory, harmonic analysis (Fourier frames), and functional analysis. Read More


We study weak amenability of central Beurling algebras $ZL^1(G,\omega)$. The investigation is a natural extension of the known work on the commutative Beurling algebra $L^1(G,\omega)$. For [FC]$^-$ groups we establish a necessary condition and for [FD]$^-$ groups we give sufficient conditions for the weak amenability of $Z\L1o$. Read More


We apply Arveson's non-commutative boundary theory to dilate every Toeplitz-Cuntz-Krieger family of a directed graph $G$ to a full Cuntz-Krieger family for $G$. We do this by describing all representations of the Toeplitz algebra $\mathcal{T}(G)$ that have unique extension when restricted to the tensor algebra $\mathcal{T}_+(G)$. This yields an alternative proof to a result of Katsoulis and Kribs that the $C^*$-envelope of $\mathcal T_+(G)$ is the Cuntz-Krieger algebra $\mathcal O(G)$. Read More


If $X$ is a compact Hausdorff space and $\sigma$ is a homeomorphism of $X$, then an involutive Banach algebra $\ell^1(\Sigma)$ of crossed product type is naturally associated with the topological dynamical system $\Sigma=(X,\sigma)$. We initiate the study of the relation between two-sided ideals of $\ell^1(\Sigma)$ and the enveloping $\mathrm{C}^\ast$-algebra $\mathrm{C}^\ast(\Sigma)$ of $\ell^1(\Sigma)$, and prove e.g. Read More


We give some new characterizations of strictly Lipschitz p-summing operators. These operators have been introduced in order to improve the Lipschitz p-summing operators. Therefore, we adapt this definition for constructing other classes of Lipschitz mappings which are called strictly Lipschitz p-nuclear and strictly Lipschitz (p,r,s)-summing operators. Read More


Recent work on recurrence in quantum walks has provided a representation of Schur functions in terms of unitary operators. We propose a generalization of Schur functions by extending this operator representation to arbitrary operators on Banach spaces. Such generalized Schur functions meet the formal structure of first return generating functions, thus we call them FR-functions. Read More


In 2002 Freiberg and Z\"ahle introduced and developed a harmonic calculus for measure-geometric Laplacians associated to continuous distributions. We show that their theory can be extended to encompass distributions with finite support and give a matrix representation for the resulting operators. In the case of a uniform discrete distribution we make use of this matrix representation to explicitly determine the eigenvalues and the eigenfunctions of the associated Laplacian. Read More


This paper is devoted to the interpolation principle between spaces of weak type. We characterize interpolation spaces between two Marcinkiewicz spaces in terms of Hardy type operators involving suprema. We study general properties of such operators and their behavior on Lorentz gamma spaces. Read More


In this paper, we introduce a Weyl functional calculus $a \mapsto a(Q,P)$ for the position and momentum operators $Q$ and $P$ associated with the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck operator $ L = -\Delta + x\cdot \nabla$, and give a simple criterion for restricted $L^p$-$L^q$ boundedness of operators in this functional calculus. The analysis of this non-commutative functional calculus is simpler than the analysis of the functional calculus of $L$. It allows us to recover, unify, and extend, old and new results concerning the boundedness of $\exp(-zL)$ as an operator from $L^p(\mathbb{R}^d,\gamma_{\alpha})$ to $L^q(\mathbb{R}^d,\gamma_{\beta})$ for suitable values of $z\in \mathbb{C}$ with $\Re z>0$, $p,q\in [1,\infty)$, and $\alpha,\beta>0$. Read More


We continue to study the problem of modeling of substitution of production factors motivated by the need for computable mathematical models of economics that could be used as a basis in applied developments. This problem has been studied for several decades, and several connections to complex analysis and geometry has been established. We describe several models of resource distribution and discuss the inverse problems for the generalized Radon transform arising is these models. Read More


There are two notions of sparsity associated to a frame $\Psi=(\psi_i)_{i\in I}$: Analysis sparsity of $f$ means that the analysis coefficients $(\langle f,\psi_i\rangle)_i$ are sparse, while synthesis sparsity means that $f=\sum_i c_i\psi_i$ with sparse coefficients $(c_i)_i$. Here, sparsity of $c=(c_i)_i$ means $c\in\ell^p(I)$ for a given $p<2$. We show that both notions of sparsity coincide if $\Psi={\rm SH}(\varphi,\psi;\delta)$ is a discrete (cone-adapted) shearlet frame with 'nice' generators $\varphi,\psi$ and fine enough sampling density $\delta>0$. Read More


We study a spatial birth-and-death process on the phase space of locally finite configurations $\Gamma^+$ over $\mathbb{R}^d$. Its time evolution is given by an non-equilibrium evolution of states associated with the operator $L^+(\gamma^-)$ where $\gamma^-$ indicates that the corresponding birth-and-death rates depend on another locally finite configuration $\gamma^- \in \Gamma^-$. Such configuration describes the influence of a random environment given by an ergodic evolution of states with invariant measure $\mu_{inv}$ on $\Gamma^-$ and birth-and-death Markov operator $L^-$. Read More