Mathematics - Functional Analysis Publications (50)

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Mathematics - Functional Analysis Publications

We consider eventually positive operator semigroups and study the question whether their eventual positivity is preserved by bounded perturbations of the generator or not. We demonstrate that eventual positivity is not stable with respect to large positive perturbation and that certain versions of eventual positivity react quite sensitively to small positive perturbations. In particular we show that if eventual positivity is preserved under arbitrary positive perturbations of the generator, then the semigroup is positive. Read More


An operator *-algebra is a non-selfadjoint operator algebra with completely isometric involution. We show that any operator *-algebra admits a faithful representation on a Hilbert space in such a way that the involution coincides with the operator adjoint up to conjugation by a symmetry. We introduce operator *-correspondences as a general class of inner product modules over operator *-algebras and prove a similar representation theorem for them. Read More


We improve the theorem on continuous dependence of solutions of functional differential equations (see J. Hale, Functional differential equations, theorem 5.1), using some new results on continuous convergences. Read More


Let $S(\mathbb{D})$ be the collection of all holomorphic self-maps on $\mathbb{D}$ of the complex plane $\mathbb{C}$, and $C_{\varphi}$ the composition operator induced by $\varphi\in S(\mathbb{D})$. We obtain that there are no hypercyclic composition operators on the little Bloch space $\mathcal{B}_0$ and the Besov space $B_p$. Read More


We construct the Dirichlet form associated with the dynamical $\Phi^4_3$ model obtained in [Hai14, CC13] and [MW16]. This Dirichlet form on cylinder functions is identified as a classical gradient bilinear form. As a consequence, this classical gradient bilinear form is closable and then by a well-known result its closure is also a quasi-regular Dirichlet form, which means that there exists another (Markov) diffusion process, which also admits the $\Phi^4_3$ field measure as an invariant (even symmetrizing) measure. Read More


We prove that the uniform probability measure $\mu$ on every $(n-k)$-dimensional projection of the $n$-dimensional unit cube verifies the variance conjecture with an absolute constant $C$ $$\textrm{Var}_\mu|x|^2\leq C \sup_{\theta\in S^{n-1}}{\mathbb E}_\mu\langle x,\theta\rangle^2{\mathbb E}_\mu|x|^2, $$ provided that $1\leq k\leq\sqrt n$. We also prove that if $1\leq k\leq n^{\frac{2}{3}}(\log n)^{-\frac{1}{3}}$, the conjecture is true for the family of uniform probabilities on its projections on random $(n-k)$-dimensional subspaces. Read More


We find a concrete integral formula for the class of generalized Toeplitz operators $T_a$ in Bergman spaces $A^p$, $1Read More


Let $Y$ be a sublattice of a vector lattice $X$. We consider the problem of identifying the smallest order closed sublattice of $X$ containing $Y$. It is known that the analogy with topological closure fails. Read More


We establish a lower bound on the spectral gap of the Laplace operator on special linear groups using conic optimisation. In particular, this provides a constructive (but computer assisted) proof that these groups have Kazhdan property (T). A software for such optimisation for other finitely presented groups is provided. Read More


This paper generalizes the classical Sz.-Nagy--Foias $H^{\infty}(\mathbb{D})$ functional calculus for Hilbert space contractions. In particular, we replace the single contraction $T$ with a tuple $T=(T_1, \dots, T_d)$ of commuting bounded operators on a Hilbert space and replace $H^{\infty}(\mathbb{D})$ with a large class of multiplier algebras of Hilbert function spaces on the unit ball in $\mathbb C^d$. Read More


We present an abstract functional analytic formulation of the celebrated $\dive$-$\curl$ lemma found by F.~Murat and L.~Tartar. Read More


We prove that the unitary affine Radon transform intertwines the quasi-regular representation of a class of semidirect products, built by shearlet dilation groups and translations, and the tensor product of a standard wavelet representation with a wavelet-like representation. This yields a formula for shearlet coefficients that involves only integral transforms applied to the affine Radon transform of the signal, thereby opening new perspectives in the inversion of the Radon transform. Read More


We revise the operator-norm convergence of the Trotter product formula for a pair {A,B} of generators of semigroups on a Banach space. Operator-norm convergence holds true if the dominating operator A generates a holomorphic contraction semigroup and B is a A-infinitesimally small generator of a contraction semigroup, in particular, if B is a bounded operator. Inspired by studies of evolution semigroups it is shown in the present paper that the operator-norm convergence generally fails even for bounded operators B if A is not a holomorphic generator. Read More


For spherically symmetric repulsive Hamiltonians we prove Rellich's theorem, or identify the largest weighted space of Agmon-H\"ormander type where the generalized eigenfunctions are absent. The proof is intensively dependent on commutator arguments. Our novelty here is a use of conjugate operator associated with some radial flow, not with dilations and translations. Read More


The well known duality between the Sobolev inequality and the Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev inequality suggests that the Nash inequality should also have an interesting dual form. We provide one here. This dual inequality relates the $L^2$ norm to the infimal convolution of the $L^\infty $ and $H^{-1}$ norms. Read More


In general, having positive lower density and being piecewise syndetic are incomparable properties for subsets of $\mathbb{N}$. However, we show that for any $n\geq 1$, the $n$-fold product of a frequently hypercyclic operator $T$ on a separable $F$-space $X$, is piecewise syndetic hypercyclic. As a consequence we prove that for any frequently hypercyclic operator $T$, any frequently hypercyclic vector $x$ and any non-empty open set $U$ of $X$, the recurrence set $\{n\geq 0: T^n x\in U\}$ happens to have positive and different upper density and upper Banach density respectively. Read More


This paper provides sufficient conditions for the boundedness of Weyl operators on modulation spaces. The Weyl symbols belong to Wiener amalgam spaces, or generalized modulation spaces, as recently renamed by their inventor Hans Feichtinger. This is the first result which relates symbols in Wiener amalgam spaces to operators acting on classical modulation spaces. Read More


For a determinantal point process induced by the reproducing kernel of the weighted Bergman space $A^2(U, \omega)$ over a domain $U \subset \mathbb{C}^d$, we establish the mutual absolute continuity of reduced Palm measures of any order provided that the domain $U$ contains a non-constant bounded holomorphic function. The result holds in all dimensions. The argument uses the $H^\infty(U)$-module structure of $A^2(U, \omega)$. Read More


We establish two new characterizations of magnetic Sobolev spaces for Lipschitz magnetic fields in terms of nonlocal functionals. The first one is related to the BBM formula, due to Bourgain, Brezis, and Mironescu. The second one is related to the work of the first author on the classical Sobolev spaces. Read More


The spectrum of $L^2$ on a pseudo-unitary group $U(p,q)$ (we assume $p\ge q$ naturally splits into $q+1$ types. We write explicitly orthogonal projectors in $L^2$ to subspaces with uniform spectra (this is an old question formulated by Gelfand and Gindikin). We also write two finer separations of $L^2$. Read More


A Wilson system is a collection of finite linear combinations of time frequency shifts of a square integrable function. In this paper we use the fact that a Wilson system is a shift-invariant system to explore its relationship with Gabor systems. It is well known that, starting from a tight Gabor frame for $L^{2}(\mathbb{R})$ with redundancy $2$, one can construct an orthonormal Wilson basis for $L^{2}(\mathbb{R})$ whose generator is well localized in the time-frequency plane. Read More


We study a birth and death model for the adapatation of a sexual population to an environment. The population is structured by a phenotypical trait, and, possibly, an age variable. Recombination is modeled by Fisher's infinitesimal operator. Read More


We prove in particular that the Lipschitz-free space over a finitely-dimensional normed space is complemented in its bidual. For Euclidean spaces the norm of the respective projection is $1$. As a tool to obtain the main result we establish several facts on the structure of finitely additive measures on finitely-dimensional spaces. Read More


In this article, Fefferman-Stein inequalities in $L^p(\mathbb R^d;\ell^q)$ withbounds independent of the dimension $d$ are proved, for all $1 \textless{} p, q \textless{} + \infty.$This result generalizes in a vector-valued setting the famous one by Steinfor the standard Hardy-Littlewood maximal operator. We then extendour result by replacing $\ell^q$ with an arbitrary UMD Banach lattice. Read More


Let $A_p(G)$ denote the Figa-Talamanca-Herz Banach Algebra of the locally compact group $G$, thus $A_2(G)$ is the Fourier Algebra of $G$. If $G$ is commutative then $A_2(G)=L^1(\hat{G}){\hat{}}$. Let $A^r_p(G)=A_p\cap L^r(G)$ with norm $||u||_{A_p^r}=||u||_{A_p}+||u||_{L^r}$. Read More


Let $(\Omega_1, \mathcal{F}_1, \mu_1)$ and $(\Omega_2, \mathcal{F}_2, \mu_2)$ be two measure spaces and let $1 \leq p,q \leq +\infty$. We give a definition of Schur multipliers on $\mathcal{B}(L^p(\Omega_1), L^q(\Omega_2))$ which extends the definition of classical Schur multipliers on $\mathcal{B}(\ell_p,\ell_q)$. Our main result is a characterization of Schur multipliers in the case $1\leq q \leq p \leq +\infty$. Read More


A one-channel operator is a self-adjoint operator on $\ell^2(\mathbb{G})$ for some countable set $\mathbb{G}$ with a rank 1 transition structure along the sets of a quasi-spherical partition of $\mathbb{G}$. Jacobi operators are a very special case. In essence, there is only one channel through which waves can travel across the shells to infinity. Read More


Let u be a hermitian involution, and e an orthogonal projection, acting on the same Hilbert space. We establish the exact formula, in terms of the norm of eue, for the distance from e to the set of all orthogonal projections q from the algebra generated by e,u, and such that quq=0. Read More


In this paper we consider models with nearest-neighbor interactions and with the set [0,1] of spin values, on a Bethe lattice (Cayley tree) of an arbitrary order. These models depend on parameter $\theta$. We describe all of Gibbs measures in any right parameter $\theta$ corresponding to the models. Read More


We give explicit Fredholm conditions for classes of pseudodifferential operators on suitable singular and non-compact spaces. In particular, we include a "user's guide" to Fredholm conditions on particular classes of manifolds including asymptotically hyperbolic manifolds, asymptotically Euclidean (or conic) manifolds, and manifolds with poly-cylindrical ends. The reader interested in applications should be able read right away the results related to those examples, beginning with Section 5. Read More


In this paper we study the Cauchy problem for the semilinear damped wave equation for the sub-Laplacian on the Heisenberg group. In the case of the positive mass, we show the global in time well-posedness for small data for power like nonlinearities. We also obtain similar well-posedness results for the wave equations for Rockland operators on general graded Lie groups. Read More


Let $M$ be a compact subset of a superreflexive Banach space. We prove a certain `weak$^\ast$-version' of Pe\l czy\'nski's property (V) for the Banach space of Lipschitz functions on $M$. As a consequence, we show that its predual, the Lipschitz-free space $\mathcal{F}(M)$, is weakly sequentially complete. Read More


It is well known that a dense subgroup $G$ of the complex unitary group $U(d)$ cannot be amenable as a discrete group when $d>1$. When $d$ is large enough we give quantitative versions of this phenomenon in connection with certain estimates of random Fourier series on the compact group $\bar G$ that is the closure of $G$. Roughly, we show that if $\bar G$ covers a large enough part of $U(d)$ in the sense of metric entropy then $G$ cannot be amenable. Read More


In this paper we introduce the notion of weak differential subordination for martingales and show that a Banach space $X$ is a UMD Banach space if and only if for all $p\in (1,\infty)$ and all purely discontinuous $X$-valued martingales $M$ and $N$ such that $N$ is weakly differentially subordinated to $M$, one has the estimate $\mathbb E \|N_{\infty}\|^p \leq C_p\mathbb E \|M_{\infty}\|^p$. As a corollary we derive the sharp estimate for the norms of a broad class of even Fourier multipliers, which includes e.g. Read More


Assuming that the absence of perturbations guarantees weak or strong convergence to a common fixed point, we study the behavior of perturbed products of an infinite family of nonexpansive operators. Our main result indicates that the convergence rate of unperturbed products is essentially preserved in the presence of perturbations. This, in particular, applies to the linear convergence rate of dynamic string averaging projection methods, which we establish here as well. Read More


The aim of this paper is to introduce and investigate a new class of separable Banach spaces modeled after an example of Garling from 1968. For each $1\leqslant p<\infty$ and each nonincreasing weight $\textbf{w}\in c_0\setminus\ell_1$ we exhibit an $\ell_p$-saturated, complementably homogeneous, and uniformly subprojective Banach space $g(\textbf{w},p)$. We also show that $g(\textbf{w},p)$ admits a unique subsymmetric basis despite the fact that for a wide class of weights it does not admit a symmetric basis. Read More


We establish existence of Stein kernels for probability measures on $\mathbb{R}^d$ satisfying a Poincar\'e inequality, and obtain bounds on the Stein discrepancy of such measures. Applications to quantitative central limit theorems are discussed, including a new CLT in Wasserstein distance $W_2$ with optimal rate and dependence on the dimension. As a byproduct, we obtain a stability version of an estimate of the Poincar\'e constant of probability measures under a second moment constraint. Read More


In this paper, we construct the fundamental solution to a degenerate diffusion of Kolmogorov type and develop a time-discrete variational scheme for its adjoint equation. The so-called mean squared derivative cost function plays a crucial role occurring in both the fundamental solution and the variational scheme. The latter is implemented by minimizing a free energy functional with respect to the Kantorovich optimal transport cost functional associated with the mean squared derivative cost. Read More


We propose a method to construct Riesz MRA on local fields of positive characteristic and corresponding scaling step functions that generate it. Read More


In this paper, we give a new inequality for convex functions of real variables, and we apply this inequality to obtain considerable generalizations, refinements, and reverses of the Young and Heinz inequalities for positive scalars. Applications to unitarily invariant norm inequalities involving positive semidefinite matrices are also given. Read More


We give identifications of the $q$-deformed Segal-Bargmann transform and define the Segal-Bargmann transform on mixed $q$-Gaussian variables. We prove that, when defined on the random matrix model of \'Sniady for the $q$-Gaussian variable, the classical Segal-Bargmann transform converges to the $q$-deformed Segal-Bargmann transform in the large $N$ limit. We also show that the $q$-deformed Segal-Bargmann transform can be recovered as a limit of a mixture of classical and free Segal-Bargmann transform. Read More


In this short paper, we will show that the space of real valued uniformly continuous functions defined on a metric space $(X,d)$ is a ring if and only if every subset $A\subset X$ has one of the following properties: $A$ is Bourbaki-bounded, i.e., every uniformly continuous function on $X$ is bounded on $A$. Read More


In this paper we are concerned with the recent summability notion of I-statistically pre-Cauchy real double sequences in line of Das et. al. [6] as a generalization of I-statistical convergence. Read More


Under a mild regularity condition we prove that the generator of the interpolation of two C0-semigroups is the interpolation of the two generators. Read More


Let $B^{\sigma}_{2, \infty}$ denote the Besov space defined on a compact set $K \subset {\Bbb R}^d$ with an $\alpha$-regular measure $\mu$. The {\it critical exponent} $\sigma^*$ is the largest $\sigma$ such that $B^{\sigma^*}_{2, \infty}$ remains non-trivial. The exponent is determined by the geometry of $K$ and $\mu$. Read More


We derive some Positivstellensatz\"e for noncommutative rational expressions from the Positivstellensatz\"e for noncommutative polynomials. Specifically, we show that if a noncommutative rational expression is positive on a polynomially convex set, then there is an algebraic certificate witnessing that fact. As in the case of noncommutative polynomials, our results are nicer when we additionally assume positivity on a convex set-- that is, we obtain a so-called "perfect Positivstellensatz" on convex sets. Read More


Let $q\geq 2$ be an integer, and $\Bbb F_q^d$, $d\geq 1$, be the vector space over the cyclic space $\Bbb F_q$. The purpose of this paper is two-fold. First, we obtain sufficient conditions on $E \subset \Bbb F_q^d$ such that the inverse Fourier transform of $1_E$ generates a tight wavelet frame in $L^2(\Bbb F_q^d)$. Read More


Following our work on the graph of the Weierstrass function, in the spirit of those of J. Kigami and R. S. Read More


These are extended notes of the course given by the author at RIMS, Kyoto, in October 2016. The aim is to give a self-contained overview on the recently developed approach to differential calculus on metric measure spaces. The effort is directed into giving as many ideas as possible, without losing too much time in technical details and utmost generality: for this reason many statements are given under some simplifying assumptions and proofs are sometimes only sketched. Read More


Estimating the norm of the solution of the linear difference equation $u(\theta)-u(\theta+\omega)=v(\theta)$ plays a fundamental role in KAM theory. Optimal (in certain sense) estimates for the solution of this equation were provided by R\"ussmann in the mid 70's. The aim of this paper is to compare the sharpness of these classic estimates with more specific estimates obtained with the help of the computer. Read More