Mathematics - Differential Geometry Publications (50)

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Mathematics - Differential Geometry Publications

We prove that, in a negative K\"ahler--Einstein manifold M, compact minimal Lagrangian submanifolds L are locally unique and for any small K\"ahler--Einstein perturbation of M there corresponds a deformation of L which is minimal Lagrangian with respect to the new structure. This provides a new source of examples of minimal Lagrangians. Our results are a simple application of the J-volume functional discussed in arXiv:1404. Read More


Monotonicity formulae play a crucial role for many geometric PDEs, especially for their regularity theories. For minimal submanifolds in a Euclidean ball, the classical monotonicity formula implies that if such a submanifold passes through the centre of the ball, then its area is at least that of the equatorial disk. Recently Brendle and Hung proved a sharp area bound for minimal submanifolds when the prescribed point is not the centre of the ball, which resolved a conjecture of Alexander, Hoffman and Osserman. Read More


We develop the concept of Cartan ribbons and a method by which they can be used to ribbonize any given surface in space by intrinsically flat ribbons. The geodesic curvature along the center curve on the surface agrees with the geodesic curvature of the corresponding Cartan development curve, and this makes a rolling strategy successful. Essentially, it follows from the orientational alignment of the two co-moving Darboux frames during the rolling. Read More


We derive a continuum model for incompatible elasticity as a variational limit of a family of discrete nearest-neighbor elastic models. The discrete models are based on discretizations of a smooth Riemannian manifold $(M,\mathfrak{g})$, endowed with a flat, symmetric connection $\nabla$. The metric $\mathfrak{g}$ determines local equilibrium distances between neighboring points; the connection $\nabla$ induces a lattice structure shared by all the discrete models. Read More


In this note, we get estimates on the eigenvalues of the Dirac operator on locally reducible Riemannian manifolds, in terms of the eigenvalues of the Laplace-Beltrami operator and the scalar curvature. These estimates are sharp, in the sense that, for the first eigenvalue, they reduce to the result of Alexandrov. Read More


From minimal surfaces such as Simons' cone and catenoids, using refined Lyapunov-Schmidt reduction method, we construct new solutions for a free boundary problem whose free boundary has two components. In dimension $8$, using variational arguments, we also obtain solutions which are global minimizers of the corresponding energy functional. This shows that Savin's theorem is optimal. Read More


These notes have been prepared for the Workshop on "(Non)-existence of complex structures on $\mathbb{S}^6$", to be celebrated in Marburg in March, 2017. The material is not intended to be original. It contains a survey about the smallest of the exceptional Lie groups: $G_2$, its definition and different characterizations joint with its relationship with $\mathbb{S}^6$ and with $\mathbb{S}^7$. Read More


In this paper we study the moduli space of properly Alexandrov-embedded, minimal annuli in $\mathbb{H}^2 \times \mathbb{R}$ with horizontal ends. We say that the ends are horizontal when they are graphs of $\mathcal{C}^{2, \alpha}$ functions over $\partial_\infty \mathbb{H}^2$. Contrary to expectation, we show that one can not fully prescribe the two boundary curves at infinity, but rather, one can prescribe the bottom curve, but the top curve only up to a translation and a tilt, along with the position of the neck and the vertical flux of the annulus. Read More


The combined work of Guaraco, Hutchinson, Tonegawa and Wickramasekera has recently produced a new proof of the classical theorem that any closed Riemannian manifold of dimension $n + 1 \geq 3$ contains a minimal hypersurface with a singular set of Hausdorff dimension at most $n-7$. This proof avoids the Almgren--Pitts geometric min-max procedure for the area functional that was instrumental in the original proof, and is instead based on a considerably simpler PDE min-max construction of critical points of the Allen--Cahn functional. Here we prove a spectral lower bound for the hypersurfaces arising from this construction. Read More


A hypersymplectic structure on a 4-manifold $X$ is a triple $\underline{\omega}$ of symplectic forms which at every point span a maximal positive-definite subspace of $\Lambda^2$ for the wedge product. This article is motivated by a conjecture of Donaldson: when $X$ is compact $\underline{\omega}$ can be deformed through cohomologous hypersymplectic structures to a hyperk\"ahler triple. We approach this via a link with $G_2$-geometry. Read More


In this note, given a regular Courant algebroid, we compute its group of automorphisms relative to a dissection. We also propose an infinitesimal version and recover examples of the literature. Read More


In this paper, we give a necessarly and sufficient condition for orbits of linear isotropy representations of Riemannian symmetric spaces are biharmonic submanifolds in hyperspheres in Euclidean spaces. In particular, we obtain examples of biharmonic submanifolds in hyperspheres whose co-dimension is greater than one. Read More


Since Li and Yau obtained the gradient estimate for the heat equation, related estimates have been extensively studied. With additional curvature assumptions, matrix estimates that generalize such estimates have been discovered for various time-dependent settings, including the heat equation on a K\"{a}hler manifold, Ricci flow, K\"{a}hler-Ricci flow, and mean curvature flow, to name a few. As an elliptic analogue, Colding proved a sharp gradient estimate for the Green function on a manifold with nonnegative Ricci curvature. Read More


We develop some of the basic theory for the obstacle problem on Riemannian Manifolds, and we use it to establish a mean value theorem. Our mean value theorem works for a very wide class of Riemannian manifolds and has no weights at all within the integral. Read More


Let $L_g$ be the subcritical GJMS operator on an even-dimensional compact manifold $(X, g)$ and consider the zeta-regularized trace $\mathrm{Tr}_\zeta(L_g^{-1})$ of its inverse. We show that if $\ker L_g = 0$, then the supremum of this quantity, taken over all metrics $g$ of fixed volume in the conformal class, is always greater than or equal to the corresponding quantity on the standard sphere. Moreover, we show that in the case that it is strictly larger, the supremum is attained by a metric of constant mass. Read More


In this paper we study the homology of a random Cech complex generated by a homogeneous Poisson process in a compact Riemannian manifold M. In particular, we focus on the phase transition for "homological connectivity" where the homology of the complex becomes isomorphic to that of M. The results presented in this paper are an important generalization of [7], from the flat torus to general compact Riemannian manifolds. Read More


We prove that any hyperbolic end with particles (cone singularities along infinite curves of angles less than $\pi$) admits a unique foliation by constant Gauss curvature surfaces. Using a form of duality between hyperbolic ends with particles and convex globally hyperbolic maximal (GHM) de Sitter spacetime with particles, it follows that any convex GHM de Sitter spacetime with particles also admits a unique foliation by constant Gauss curvature surfaces. We prove that the grafting map from the product of Teichm\"uller space with the space of measured laminations to the space of complex projective structures is a homeomorphism for surfaces with cone singularities of angles less than $\pi$, as well as an analogue when grafting is replaced by "smooth grafting". Read More


This paper is a comprehensive introduction to the results of [7]. It grew as an expanded version of a talk given at INdAM Meeting Complex and Symplectic Geometry, held at Cortona in June 12-18, 2016. It deals with the construction of the Teichm\"uller space of a smooth compact manifold M (that is the space of isomorphism classes of complex structures on M) in arbitrary dimension. Read More


In this paper, we study the asymptotic behavior of the Hermitian-Yang-Mills flow on a reflexive sheaf. We prove that the limiting reflexive sheaf is isomorphic to the double dual of the graded sheaf associated to the Harder-Narasimhan-Seshadri filtration, this answers a question by Bando and Siu. Read More


We show that after forming a connected sum with a homotopy sphere, all (2j-1)-connected 2j-parallelisable manifolds in dimension 4j+1, j > 0, can be equipped with Riemannian metrics of 2-positive Ricci curvature. When j=1 we extend the above to certain classes of simply-connected non-spin 5-manifolds. The condition of 2-positive Ricci curvature is defined to mean that the sum of the two smallest eigenvalues of the Ricci tensor is positive at every point. Read More


In this paper, I study the isoparametric hypersurfaces in a Randers sphere $(S^n,F)$ of constant flag curvature, with the navigation datum $(h,W)$. I prove that an isoparametric hypersurface $M$ for the standard round sphere $(S^n,h)$ which is tangent to $W$ remains isoparametric for $(S^n,F)$ after the navigation process. This observation provides a special class of isoparametric hypersurfaces in $(S^n,F)$, which can be equivalently described as the regular level sets of isoparametric functions $f$ satisfying $-f$ is transnormal. Read More


We show a closed Bach-flat Riemannian manifold with a fixed positive constant scalar curvature has to be locally spherical if its Weyl and traceless Ricci tensors are small in the sense of either $L^\infty$ or $L^{\frac{n}{2}}$-norm. Compared with the complete non-compact case done by Kim, we apply a different method to achieve these results. These results generalize a rigidity theorem of positive Einstein manifolds due to M. Read More


For any geodesic current we associated a quasi-metric space. For a subclass of geodesic currents, called filling, it defines a metric and we study the critical exponent associated to this space. We show that is is equal to the exponential growth rate of the intersection function for closed curves. Read More


We investigate which three dimensional near-horizon metrics $g_{NH}$ admit a compatible 1-form $X$ such that $(X, [g_{NH}])$ defines an Einstein-Weyl structure. We find explicit examples and see that some of the solutions give rise to Einstein-Weyl structures of dispersionless KP type and dispersionless Hirota (aka hyperCR) type. Read More


In this paper we investigate $m$-dimensional complete minimal submanifolds in Euclidean spheres with index of relative nullity at least $m-2$ at any point. These are austere submanifolds in the sense of Harvey and Lawson \cite{harvey} and were initially studied by Bryant \cite{br}. For any dimension and codimension there is an abundance of non-complete examples fully described by Dajczer and Florit \cite{DF2} in terms of a class of surfaces, called elliptic, for which the ellipse of curvature of a certain order is a circle at any point. Read More


We construct smooth solutions to Ricci flow starting from a class of singular metrics and give asymptotics for the forward evolution. The singular metrics heal with a set of points (of codimension at least three) coming out of the singular point. We conjecture that these metrics arise as final-time limits of Ricci flow encountering a Type-I singularity modeled on $\mathbb{R}^{p+1} \times S^q$. Read More


Jakobson-Levitin-Nadirashvili-Nigam-Polterovich conjectured that a certain singular metric on the Bolza surface, with area normalized, maximizes the first eigenvalue of the Laplacian. In this note, we announce that this conjecture is true, and outline the proof. Read More


We derive Price inequalities for harmonic forms on manifolds without conjugate points and with a negative Ricci upper bound. The techniques employed in the proof work particularly well for manifolds of non-positive sectional curvature, and in this case we prove a strengthened Price inequality. We employ these inequalities to study the asymptotic behavior of the Betti numbers of coverings of Riemannian manifolds without conjugate points. Read More


We introduce the notions of Chern-Dirac bundles and Chern-Dirac operators on Hermitian manifolds. They are analogues of classical Dirac bundles and Dirac operators, with Levi-Civita connection replaced by Chern connection. We then show that the tensor product of canonical and the anticanonical spinor bundles, called V-spinor bundle, is a bigraded Chern-Dirac bundle with spaces of harmonic spinors isomorphic to the full Dolbeault cohomology class. Read More


In this paper, we study contractions of the boundary of a Riemannian 2-disc where the maximal length of the intermediate curves is minimized. We prove that with an arbitrarily small overhead in the lengths of the intermediate curves, there exists such an optimal contraction that is monotone, i.e. Read More


In this paper we provide an integral representation of the fractional Laplace-Beltrami operator for general riemannian manifolds which has several interesting applications. We give two different proofs, in two different scenarios, of essentially the same result. One of them deals with compact manifolds with or without boundary, while the other approach treats the case of riemannian manifolds without boundary whose Ricci curvature is uniformly bounded below. Read More


In this paper, we investigate complete Riemannian manifolds satisfying the lower weighted Ricci curvature bound $\mathrm{Ric}_{N} \geq K$ with $K>0$ for the negative effective dimension $N<0$. We analyze two $1$-dimensional examples of constant curvature $\mathrm{Ric}_N \equiv K$ with finite and infinite total volumes. We also discuss when the first nonzero eigenvalue of the Laplacian takes its minimum under the same condition $\mathrm{Ric}_N \ge K>0$, as a counterpart to the classical Obata rigidity theorem. Read More


We construct normal rationally connected varieties (of arbitrarily large dimension) not containing any smooth rational curves. Read More


In this paper, we prove a functorial aspect of the formal geometric quantization procedure of non-compact spin-c manifolds. Read More


Given a complex projective structure $\Sigma$ on a surface, Thurston associated a locally convex pleated surface. We derive bounds on the geometry of both in terms of the norms $\|\phi_\Sigma\|_\infty$ and $\|\phi_\Sigma\|_2$ of the quadratic differential $\phi_\Sigma$ of $\Sigma$ given by the Schwarzian derivative. We show that these give a unifying approach that generalizes a number of well-known results for convex cocompact hyperbolic structures including bounds on the Lipschitz constant for the retract and the length of the bending lamination. Read More


In this short paper, we show that the peeling property still holds for Bondi-Sachs metrics with nonzero cosmological constant under the new boundary condition with nontrivial B, X, Y obtained in [6]. This should indicate the new boundary condition is natural. Moreover, we construct some nontrivial vacuum Bondi-Sachs metrics without the Bondi news. Read More


We demonstrate that the five vortex equations recently introduced by Manton ariseas symmetry reductions of the anti-self-dual Yang--Mills equations in four dimensions. In particular the Jackiw--Pi vortex and the Ambj\o rn--Olesen vortex correspond to the gauge group $SU(1, 1)$, and respectively the Euclidean or the $SU(2)$ symmetry groups acting with two-dimensional orbits. We show how to obtain vortices with higher vortex numbers, by superposing vortex equations of different types. Read More


We construct an invariant of closed $\mathrm{spin}^c$ 4-manifolds having negative formal dimension of the Seiberg-Witten moduli space. This invariant is defined using families of Seiberg-Witten equations and formulated as a cohomology class on a certain abstract simplicial complex. We also give examples of 4-manifolds admitting positive scalar curvature metrics for which this invariant does not vanish. Read More


Let M be a compact Riemannian manifold and let $\mu$,d be the associated measure and distance on M. Robert McCann obtained, generalizing results for the Euclidean case by Yann Brenier, the polar factorization of Borel maps S : M -> M pushing forward $\mu$ to a measure $\nu$: each S factors uniquely a.e. Read More


We consider the energy supercritical wave maps from $\mathbb{R}^d$ into the $d$-sphere $\mathbb{S}^d$ with $d \geq 7$. Under an additional assumption of 1-corotational symmetry, the problem reduces to the one dimensional semilinear wave equation $$\partial_t^2 u = \partial^2_r u + \frac{(d-1)}{r}\partial_r u - \frac{(d-1)}{2r^2}\sin(2u).$$ We construct for this equation a family of $\mathcal{C}^{\infty}$ solutions which blow up in finite time via concentration of the universal profile $$u(r,t) \sim Q\left(\frac{r}{\lambda(t)}\right),$$ where $Q$ is the stationary solution of the equation and the speed is given by the quantized rates $$\lambda(t) \sim c_u(T-t)^\frac{\ell}{\gamma}, \quad \ell \in \mathbb{N}^*, \;\; \ell > \gamma = \gamma(d) \in (1,2]. Read More


The hyper-CR Einstein-Weyl structures on $\R^3$ can be described in terms of the solutions to the dispersionless Hirota equation. In the present paper we show that simple geometric constructions on the associated twistor space lead to deformations of the Hirota equation that have been introduced recently by B. Kruglikov and A. Read More


We show that any closed oriented immersed Hamiltonian stationary isotropic surface $\Sigma$ with genus $g_{\Sigma}$ in $S^{5}\subset\mathbb{C}^{3}$ is (1) Legendrian and minimal if $g_{\Sigma}=0$; (2) either Legendrian or with exactly $2g_{\Sigma}-2$ Legendrian points if $g_{\Sigma}\geq1.$ In general, every compact oriented immersed isotropic submanifold $L^{n-1}\subset S^{2n-1}\subset\mathbb{C}^{n}$ such that the cone $C\left( L^{n-1}\right) $ is Hamiltonian stationary must be Legendrian and minimal if its first Betti number is zero. Corresponding results for non-orientable links are also provided. Read More


In general relativity, an IDEAL (Intrinsic, Deductive, Explicit, ALgorithmic) characterization of a reference spacetime metric $g_0$ consists of a set of tensorial equations $T[g]=0$, constructed covariantly out of the metric $g$, its Riemann curvature and their derivatives, that are satisfied if and only if $g$ is locally isometric to the reference spacetime metric $g_0$. The same notion can be extended to also include scalar or tensor fields, where the equations $T[g,\phi]=0$ are allowed to also depend on the extra fields $\phi$. We give the first IDEAL characterization of cosmological FLRW spacetimes, with and without a dynamical scalar (inflaton) field. Read More


In this paper we develop methods to extend the minimal hypersurface approach to positive scalar curvature problems to all dimensions. This includes a proof of the positive mass theorem in all dimensions without a spin assumption. It also includes statements about the structure of compact manifolds of positive scalar curvature extending the work of \cite{sy1} to all dimensions. Read More


Let $(M,g)$ be a smooth Riemannian manifold and $\mathsf{G}$ a compact Lie group acting on $M$ effectively and by isometries. It is well known that a lower bound of the sectional curvature of $(M,g)$ is again a bound for the curvature of the quotient space, which is an Alexandrov space of curvature bounded below. Moreover, the analogous stability property holds for metric foliations and submersions. Read More


In this paper we investigate the relationship between a general existence of transport maps of optimal couplings with absolutely continuous first marginal and the property of the background measure called essentially non-branching introduced by Rajala-Sturm (Calc.Var.PDE 2014). Read More


Based on the work of Schoen-Yau, we derive an estimate of the first eigenvalue of a Schr\"odinger Operator (the Jaocbi operator of minimal surfaces in flat 3-spaces) on surfaces. Read More


The main goal of this article is to construct some geometric invariants for the topology of the set $\mathcal{F}$ of flat connections on a principal $G$-bundle $P\,\longrightarrow\, M$. Although the characteristic classes of principal bundles are trivial when $\mathcal{F}\neq \emptyset$, their classical Chern-Weil construction can still be exploited to define a homomorphism from the set of homology classes of maps $S\longrightarrow \mathcal{F}$ to the cohomology group $H^{2r-k}(M,\mathbb{R})$, where $S$ is null-cobordant $(k-1)$-manifold, once a $G$-invariant polynomial $p$ of degree $r$ on $\text{Lie}(G)$ is fixed. For $S=S^{k-1}$, this gives a homomorphism $\pi_{k-1}(\mathcal{F})\longrightarrow H^{2r-k}(M,\mathbb{R})$. Read More


We prove that desingularizations of non degenerate Poincar\'e-Einstein metrics with A1 singularities remain non degenerate. In principle this enables a recursive procedure to desingularize the other Fuchsian singularities. We illustrate this procedure by the A2 case. Read More


In this paper, we study biconservative surfaces with parallel normalized mean curvature vector in $\mathbb{E}^4$. We obtain complete local classification in $\mathbb{E}^4$ for a biconservative PNMCV surface. We also give an example to show the existence of PNMCV biconservative surfaces in $\mathbb{E}^4$. Read More