Mathematics - Differential Geometry Publications (50)

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Mathematics - Differential Geometry Publications

We classify non-polar irreducible representations of connected compact Lie groups whose orbit space is isometric to that of a representation of a finite extension of $Sp(1)^k$ for some $k>0$. It follows that they are obtained from isotropy representations of certain quaternion-K\"ahler symmetric spaces by restricting to the "non-$Sp(1)$-factor". Read More


We study ray transforms on spherically symmetric manifolds with a piecewise $C^{1,1}$ metric. Assuming the Herglotz condition, the X-ray transform is injective on the space of $L^2$ functions on such manifolds. We also prove injectivity results for broken ray transforms (with and without periodicity) on such manifolds with a $C^{1,1}$ metric. Read More


We show that on a two-dimensional compact nontrapping manifold with strictly convex boundary, a piecewise constant function is determined by its integrals over geodesics. In higher dimensions, we obtain a similar result if the manifold satisfies a foliation condition. These theorems are based on iterating a local uniqueness result. Read More


In the current article our primary objects of study are compact complex submanifolds of quotient manifolds of irreducible bounded symmetric domains by torsion free discrete lattices of automorphisms. We are interested in the characterization of the totally geodesic submanifolds among compact splitting complex submanifolds, i.e. Read More


The main objective of the present paper is to investigate the curvature properties of generalized pp-wave metric. It is shown that generalized pp-wave spacetime is Ricci generalized pseudosymmetric, 2-quasi-Einstein and generalized quasi-Einstein in the sense of Chaki. As a special case it is shown that pp-wave spacetime is semisymmetric, semisymmetric due to conformal and projective curvature tensors, $R$-space by Venzi and satisfies the pseudosymmetric type condition $P\cdot P = -\frac{1}{3}Q(S, P)$. Read More


Let $M^n$ be a compact K\"ahler manifold with bisectional curvature bounded from below by $1$. If $diam(M) = \pi / \sqrt{2}$ and $vol(M)> vol(\mathbb{C}\mathbb{P}^n)/ 2^n$, we prove that $M$ is biholomorphically isometric to $\mathbb{C}\mathbb{P}^n$ with the standard Fubini-Study metric. Read More


We construct examples of Bach-flat gradient Ricci solitons which are neither half conformally flat nor conformally Einstein. Read More


Ricci soliton contact metric manifolds with certain nullity conditions have recently been studied by Ghosh and Sharma. Whereas the gradient case is well-understood, they provided a list of candidates for the nongradient case.These candidates can be realized as Lie groups, but one only knows the structures of the underlying Lie algebras, which are hard to be analyzed apart from the three-dimensional case. Read More


This paper argues that a class of Riemannian metrics, called warped metrics, plays a fundamental role in statistical problems involving location-scale models. The paper reports three new results : i) the Rao-Fisher metric of any location-scale model is a warped metric, provided that this model satisfies a natural invariance condition, ii) the analytic expression of the sectional curvature of this metric, iii) the exact analytic solution of the geodesic equation of this metric. The paper applies these new results to several examples of interest, where it shows that warped metrics turn location-scale models into complete Riemannian manifolds of negative sectional curvature. Read More


In this paper we show rigidity results for super-solutions to fully nonlinear elliptic conformally invariant equations on subdomains of the standard $n$-sphere $\mathbb S^n$ under suitable conditions along the boundary. This proves rigidity for compact connected locally conformally flat manifolds $(M,g)$ with boundary such that the eigenvalues of the Schouten tensor satisfy a fully nonlinear elliptic inequality and whose boundary is isometric to a geodesic sphere $\partial D(r)$, where $D(r)$ denotes a geodesic ball of radius $r\in (0,\pi/2]$ in $\mathbb S^n$, and totally umbilical with mean curvature bounded bellow by the mean curvature of this geodesic sphere. Under the above conditions, $(M,g)$ must be isometric to the closed geodesic ball $\overline{D(r)}$. Read More


In this paper, we prove that for any closed 4-dimensional Riemannian manifold $M$ with trivial first homology group, if the Ricci curvature $|Ric|\leq3$, the diameter $diam(M)\leq D$ and the volume $vol(M)>v>0$, then the first homological filling function of $M$ satisfies $HF_1(l)\leq f_1(v,D)\cdot l+f_2(v,D)$, where $f_1$ and $f_2$ are some functions that only depend on $v$ and $D$. As a corollary, the area of a smallest singular minimal surface on $M$ is bounded by $120f_1(v,D)\cdot D+60f_2(v,D)$. Read More


In this paper, we show that for any closed 4-dimensional simply-connected Riemannian manifold $M$ with Ricci curvature $|Ric|>3$, volume $vol(M)>v>0$, and diameter $diam(M)Read More


We provide classification results for and examples of half conformally flat generalized quasi Einstein manifolds of signature $(2,2)$. This analysis leads to a natural equation in affine geometry called the affine quasi-Einstein equation that we explore in further detail. Read More


We study two-dimensional Finsler metrics of constant flag curvature and show that such Finsler metrics that admit a Killing field can be written in a normal form that depends on two arbitrary functions of one variable. Furthermore, we find an approach to calculate these functions for spherically symmetric Finsler surfaces of constant flag curvature. In particular, we obtain the normal form of the Funk metric on the unit disk D^2. Read More


We show vanishing theorems of $L^2$-cohomology groups of Kodaira-Nakano type on complete Hessian manifolds. We obtain further vanishing theorems of $L^2$-cohomology groups $L^2H^{p,q}(\Omega)$ on a regular convex cone $\Omega$ with the Cheng-Yau metric for $p>q$. Read More


For a Riemannian foliation F on a compact manifold M , J. A. \'Alvarez L\'opez proved that the geometrical tautness of F , that is, the existence of a Riemannian metric making all the leaves minimal submanifolds of M, can be characterized by the vanishing of a basic cohomology class (the \'Alvarez class). Read More


Motivated by questions in real enumerative geometry we investigate the problem of the number of flats simultaneously tangent to several convex hypersurfaces in real projective space from a probabilistic point of view. More precisely, we say that smooth convex hypersurfaces $X_1, \ldots, X_{d_{k,n}}\subset \mathbb{R}\textrm{P}^n$, where $d_{k,n}=(k+1)(n-k)$, are in random position if each one of them is randomly translated by elements $g_1, \ldots, g_{{d_{k,n}}}$ sampled independently from the Orthogonal group with the uniform distribution; we denote by $\tau_k(X_1, \ldots, X_{d_{k,n}})$ the average number of $k$-dimensional projective subspaces (flats) which are simultaneously tangent to all the hypersurfaces. We prove that $$ \tau_k(X_1, \ldots, X_{d_{k,n}})={\delta}_{k,n} \cdot \prod_{i=1}^{d_{k,n}}\frac{|\Omega_k(X_i)|}{|\textrm{Sch}(k,n)|},$$ where ${\delta}_{k,n}$ is the expected degree (the average number of $k$-flats incident to $d_{k,n}$ many random $(n-k-1)$-flats), $|\textrm{Sch}(k,n)|$ is the volume of the Special Schubert variety of $k$-flats meeting a $(n-k-1)$-flat and $|\Omega_k(X)|$ is the volume of the manifold of all $k$-flats tangent to $X$. Read More


We consider four-dimensional gravity coupled to a non-linear sigma model whose scalar manifold is a geometrically finite hyperbolic surface $\Sigma$, which may be non-compact and may have finite or infinite area. When the space-time is an FLRW universe, such theories produce a very wide generalization of two-field $\alpha$-attractor models, being parameterized by a positive constant $\alpha$, by the choice of a finitely-generated surface group $\Gamma\subset \mathrm{PSL}(2,\mathbb{R})$ (which is isomorphic with the fundamental group of $\Sigma$) and by the choice of a scalar potential defined on $\Sigma$. The traditional $\alpha$-attractor models arise when $\Gamma$ is the trivial group, in which case $\Sigma$ is the Poincar\'{e} disk. Read More


We give the expression of the metric derived from Lie groups. For the metric derived from classical Lie groups such as the unitary group, the orthogonal group and the symplectic group, we conjecture that the metric becomes the Einstein metric. Read More


We show that a Born-Infeld soliton can be realised either as a spacelike minimal graph or timelike minimal graph over a timelike plane or a combination of both away from singular points. We also obtain some exact solutions of the Born-Infeld equation from already known solutions to the maximal surface equation. Further we present a method to construct a one-parameter family of complex solitons from a given one parameter family of maximal surfaces. Read More


We study singular monopoles on open subsets in the $3$-dimensional Euclidean space. We give two characterizations of Dirac type singularities. One is given in terms of the growth order of the norms of sections which are invariant by the scattering map. Read More


For a pinched Hadamard manifold $X$ and a discrete group of isometries $\Gamma$ of $X$, the critical exponent $\delta_\Gamma$ is the exponential growth rate of the orbit of a point in $X$ under the action of $\Gamma$. We show that the critical exponent for any family $\mathcal{N}$ of normal subgroups of $\Gamma_0$ has the same coarse behaviour as the Kazhdan distances for the right regular representations of the quotients $\Gamma_0/\Gamma$. The key tool is to analyse the spectrum of transfer operators associated to subshifts of finite type, for which we obtain a result of independent interest. Read More


We obtain a topological and equivariant classification of closed, connected three-dimensional Alexandrov spaces admitting a local isometric circle action. We show, in particular, that such spaces are homeomorphic to connected sums of some closed 3-manifold with a local circle action and finitely many copies of the suspension of the real projective plane. Read More


Using the complex parabolic rotations of holomorphic null curves in ${\mathbb{C}}^{4}$, we transform minimal surfaces in Euclidean space ${\mathbb{R}}^{3} \subset {\mathbb{R}}^{4}$ to a family of degenerate minimal surfaces in Euclidean space ${\mathbb{R}}^{4}$. Applying our deformation to holomorphic null curves in ${\mathbb{C}}^{3} \subset {\mathbb{C}}^{4}$ induced by helicoids in ${\mathbb{R}}^{3}$, we discover new minimal surfaces in ${\mathbb{R}}^{4}$ foliated by conic sections with eccentricity grater than $1$: hyperbolas or straight lines. Applying our deformation to holomorphic null curves in ${\mathbb{C}}^{3}$ induced by catenoids in ${\mathbb{R}}^{3}$, we can rediscover the Hoffman-Osserman catenoids in ${\mathbb{R}}^{4}$ foliated by conic sections with eccentricity smaller than $1$: ellipses or circles. Read More


In the paper "Formality conjecture" (1996) Kontsevich designed a universal flow $\dot{\mathcal{P}}=\mathcal{Q}_{a:b}(\mathcal{P})=a\Gamma_{1}+b\Gamma_{2}$ on the spaces of Poisson structures $\mathcal{P}$ on all affine manifolds of dimension $n \geqslant 2$. We prove a claim from $\textit{loc. cit. Read More


We consider the energy-critical half-wave maps equation $$\partial_t \mathbf{u} + \mathbf{u} \wedge |\nabla| \mathbf{u} = 0$$ for $\mathbf{u} : [0,T) \times \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{S}^2$. We give a complete classification of all traveling solitary waves with finite energy. The proof is based on a geometric characterization of these solutions as minimal surfaces with (not necessarily free) boundary on $\mathbb{S}^2$. Read More


The space of K\"ahler potentials in a compact K\"ahler manifold, endowed with Mabuchi's metric, is an infinite dimensional Riemannian manifold. We characterize local isometries between spaces of K\"ahler potentials, and prove existence and uniqueness for such isometries. Read More


Given an elliptic operator $P$ on a non-compact manifold (with proper asymptotic conditions), there is a discrete set of numbers called indicial roots. It's known that $P$ is Fredholm between weighted Sobolev spaces if and only if the weight is not indicial. We show that an elliptic theory exists even when the weight is indicial. Read More


We solve the isoperimetric problem in the Lens spaces with large fundamental group. Namely, we prove that the isoperimetric surfaces are geodesic spheres or tori of revolution about geodesics. We also show that the isoperimetric problem in L(3,1) and L(3,2) follows from the proof of the Willmore conjecture by Marques and Neves. Read More


We construct finite time blow-up solutions to the 2-dimensional harmonic map flow into the sphere $S^2$, \begin{align*} u_t & = \Delta u + |\nabla u|^2 u \quad \text{in } \Omega\times(0,T) \\ u &= \varphi \quad \text{on } \partial \Omega\times(0,T) \\ u(\cdot,0) &= u_0 \quad \text{in } \Omega , \end{align*} where $\Omega$ is a bounded, smooth domain in $\mathbb{R}^2$, $u: \Omega\times(0,T)\to S^2$, $u_0:\bar\Omega \to S^2$ is smooth, and $\varphi = u_0\big|_{\partial\Omega}$. Given any points $q_1,\ldots, q_k$ in the domain, we find initial and boundary data so that the solution blows-up precisely at those points. The profile around each point is close to an asymptotically singular scaling of a 1-corrotational harmonic map. Read More


In this paper, we define and, then, we characterize constant angle spacelike and timelike surfaces in the three-dimensional Heisenberg group, equipped with a 1-parameter family of Lorentzian metrics. In particular, we give an explicit local parametrization of these surfaces and we produce some examples. Read More


This is a survey article, based on the author's lectures in the 2015 "Current developments in Mathematics" meeting; published in Surveys in Differential Geometry. Read More


This is a survey article, based on the author's lectures in the 2015 AMS Summer Research Institute in Algebraic Geometry, and to appear in the Proceedings. Read More


Let $M^n$ be an $n$-dimensional umbilic-free hypersurface in the $(n+1)$-dimensional Lorentzian space form $M^{n+1}_1(c)$. Three basic invariants of $M^n$ under the conformal transformation group of $M^{n+1}_1(c)$ are a $1$-form $C$, called conformal $1$-form, a symmetric $(0,2)$ tensor $B$, called conformal second fundamental form, and a symmetric $(0,2)$ tensor $A$, called Blaschke tensor. The so-called para-Blaschke tensor $D^{\lambda}=A+\lambda B$, the linear combination of $A$ and $B$, is still a symmetric $(0,2)$ tensor. Read More


The works of William Rowan Hamilton in Geometrical Optics are presented, with emphasis on the Malus-Dupin theorem. According to that theorem, a family of light rays depending on two parameters can be focused to a single point by an optical instrument made of reflecting or refracting surfaces if and only if, before entering the optical instrument, the family of rays is rectangular (\emph{i.e. Read More


We introduce an elliptic regularization of the PDE system representing the isometric immersion of a surface in $\mathbb R^{3}$. The regularization is geometric, and has a natural variational interpretation. Read More


Convexity and convex functions play an important role in theoretical physics. To initiate a study of the possible uses of convex functions in General Relativity, we discuss the consequences of a spacetime $(M,g_{\mu \nu})$ or an initial data set $(\Sigma, h_{ij}, K_{ij})$ admitting a suitably defined convex function. We show how the existence of a convex function on a spacetime places restrictions on the properties of the spacetime geometry. Read More


In this paper, an optimal inequality involving the delta curvature is exposed. An application of Riemannian submersions dealing meteorology is presented. Some characterizations about the vertical motion and the horizontal divergence are obtained. Read More


In this paper, we study biconservative hypersurfaces in $\mathbb S^{n}$ and $\mathbb H^{n}$. Further, we obtain complete explicit classification of biconservative hypersurfaces in $4$-dimensional Riemannian space form with exactly three distinct principal curvatures. Read More


The twist construction is a method to build new interesting examples of geometric structures with torus symmetry from well-known ones. In fact it can be used to construct arbitrary nilmanifolds from tori. In our previous paper, we presented a generalization of the twist, a shear construction of rank one, which allowed us to build certain solvable Lie algebras from $\mathbb{R}^n$ via several shears. Read More


We describe the multi-moment map associated to an almost Hermitian manifold which admits an action of a torus by holomorphic isometries. We investigate in particular the case of a $\mathbb T^3$ action on the homogeneous nearly K\"ahler $ S^3\times S^3$. We find that the multi-moment map in this case acts more-or-less similarly to the moment map of a toric manifold, while the more general case does not. Read More


We consider an overdetermined Serrin's type problem in space forms and we generalize Weinberger's proof in [Arch. Rational Mech. Anal. Read More


We show that a stationary solution of the Einstein-Maxwell equations which is close to a non-degenerate Reissner-Nordstr\"om-de Sitter solution is in fact equal to a slowly rotating Kerr-Newman-de Sitter solution. The proof uses the non-linear stability of the Kerr-Newman-de Sitter family of black holes for small angular momenta, recently established by the author, together with an extension argument for Killing vector fields. Our black hole uniqueness result only requires the solution to have high but finite regularity; in particular, we do not make any analyticity assumptions. Read More


We review the theory of intrinsic geometry of convex surfaces in the Euclidean space and prove the following theorem: if the surface of a convex body K contains arbitrary long closed simple geodesics, then K is an isosceles tetrahedron. Read More


A Finsler function $F$ is affinely rigid if its canonical spray is uniquely metrizable, in the sense that if $\bar F$ is another Finsler function whose canonical spray is $S$, then $d(F/\bar F)=0$. In this short note we explore some sufficient conditions for a Finsler function to be affinely rigid, and discuss open problems. Read More


In this paper we discuss the asymptotic entropy for ancient solutions to the Ricci flow. We prove a gap theorem for ancient solutions, which could be regarded as an entropy counterpart of Yokota's work. In addition, we prove that under some assumptions on one time slice of a complete ancient solution with nonnegative curvature operator, finite asymptotic entropy implies kappa-noncollapsing on all scales. Read More


Let $(X, T^{1,0}X)$ be a compact connected orientable CR manifold of dimension $2n+1$ with non-degenerate Levi curvature. Assume that $X$ admits a compact Lie group action $G$. Under certain natural assumptions about the group action $G$, we show that the Szeg\"o kernel for $(0,q)$ forms is a complex Fourier integral operator, smoothing away $\mu^{-1}(0)$ and there is a precise description of the singularity near $\mu^{-1}(0)$, where $\mu$ denotes the CR moment map. Read More


We relate $L^{q,p}$-cohomology of bounded geometry Riemannian manifolds to a purely metric space notion of $\ell^{q,p}$-cohomology, packing cohomology. This implies quasi-isometry invariance of $L^{q,p}$-cohomology together with its multiplicative structure. The result partially extends to the Rumin $L^{q,p}$-cohomology of bounded geometry contact manifolds. Read More


We prove the following generalization of the classical Lichnerowicz vanishing theorem: if $F$ is an oriented flat vector bundle over a closed spin manifold $M$ such that $TM$ carries a metric of positive scalar curvature, then $<\widehat A(TM)e(F),[M]>=0$, where $e(F)$ is the Euler class of $F$. Read More