Mathematics - Classical Analysis and ODEs Publications (50)

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Mathematics - Classical Analysis and ODEs Publications

This paper extends the results from arXiv:1702.04569 about sharp $A_2$-$A_\infty$ estimates with matrix weights to the non-homogeneous situation. Read More


In this paper we are concerned with the existence of periodic solutions for semilinear Duffing equations with impulsive effects. Firstly for the autonomous one, basing on Poincar\'{e}-Birkhoff twist theorem, we prove the existence of infinitely many periodic solutions. Secondly, as for the nonautonomous case, the impulse brings us great challenges for the study, and there are only finitely many periodic solutions, which is quite different from the corresponding equation without impulses. Read More


In this paper, we consider sublinear second order differential equations with impulsive effects. Basing on the Poincar\'{e}-Bohl fixed point theorem, we first will prove the existence of harmonic solutions. The existence of subharmonic solutions is also obtained by a new twist fixed point theorem recently established by Qian etc in 2015 (\cite{Qian15}). Read More


In this paper we are concerned with the periodic Hamiltonian system with one degree of freedom, where the origin is a trivial solution. We assume that the corresponding linearized system at the origin is elliptic, and the characteristic exponents of the linearized system are $\pm i\omega$ with $\omega$ be a Diophantine number, moreover if the system is formally linearizable, then it is analytically linearizable. As a result, the origin is always stable in the sense of Liapunov in this case. Read More


In this paper we will construct a continuous positive periodic function $p(t)$ such that the corresponding superlinear Duffing equation $$ x"+a(x)\,x^{2n+1}+p(t)\,x^{2m+1}=0,\ \ \ \ n+2\leq 2m+1<2n+1 $$ possesses a solution which escapes to infinity in some finite time, and also has infinitely many subharmonic and quasi-periodic solutions, where the coefficient $a(x)$ is an arbitrary positive smooth periodic function defined in the whole real axis. Read More


In recent work, we obtained the symmetry algebra for a class of Dirac operators, containing in particular the Dirac-Dunkl operator for arbitrary root system. We now consider the three-dimensional case of the Dirac-Dunkl operator associated to the root system $A_2$, and the associated Dirac equation. The corresponding Weyl group is $\mathrm{S}_3$, the symmetric group on three elements. Read More


In this paper we are concerned with the boundedness of all solutions for the forced isochronous oscillator $$x''+V'(x)+g(x)=f(t),$$ where $V$ is a so-called $T$-isochronous potential, the perturbation $g$ is assumed to be bounded, and the $2\pi$-periodic function $f(t)$ is smooth. Using the resonant small twist theorem and averaged small twist theorem established by Ortega, we will prove the boundedness of all solutions for the above forced isochronous oscillator in the resonant and non-resonant cases under some reasonable assumptions, respectively. Read More


In this note, we study the sharp weighted estimate involving one supremum. In particular, we give a positive answer to an open question raised by Lerner and Moen \cite{LM}. We also extend the result to rough homogeneous singular integral operators. Read More


We consider the following discrete Sobolev inner product involving the Gegenbauer weight $$(f,g)_S:=\int_{-1}^1f(x)g(x)(1-x^2)^{\alpha}dx+M\big[f^{(j)}(-1)g^{(j)}(-1)+f^{(j)}(1)g^{(j)}(1)\big],$$ where $\alpha>-1,$ $j\in \mathbb{N}\cup \{0\},$ and $M>0.$ Let $\{Q_n^{(\alpha,M,j)}\}_{n\geq0}$ be the sequence of orthogonal polynomials with respect to the above inner product. These polynomials are eigenfunctions of a differential operator $\mathbf{T}. Read More


We study the generalized fractional linear problem $D^{\nu}_{a+*} f(x) =A(x)f(x)+g(x)$, where $D^{\nu}$ is an arbitrary mixture of Caputo derivatives of order at most one and $A(x)$ a family of operators in a Banach space generating strongly continuous semigroups. For time homogeneous case, when $A(x)$ does not depend on time $x$, the solution is expressed by the generalized operator-valued Mittag-Leffler function. For the more involved time-dependent case we use the method of non-commutative operator-valued Feynman-Kac formula in combination with the probabilistic interpretation of Caputo derivatives suggested recently by the author to find the general integral representation of the solutions, which are new even for the case of the standard Caputo derivative $D^{\beta}_{a+*}$. Read More


Let $\theta$ be an inner function on the unit disk, and let $K^p_\theta:=H^p\cap\theta\overline{H^p_0}$ be the associated star-invariant subspace of the Hardy space $H^p$, with $p\ge1$. While a nontrivial function $f\in K^p_\theta$ is never divisible by $\theta$, it may have a factor $h$ which is "not too different" from $\theta$ in the sense that the ratio $h/\theta$ (or just the anti-analytic part thereof) is smooth on the circle. In this case, $f$ is shown to have additional integrability and/or smoothness properties, much in the spirit of the Hardy--Littlewood--Sobolev embedding theorem. Read More


We consider nonlinear scalar-input differential control systems in the vicinity of an equilibrium. When the linearized system at the equilibrium is controllable, the nonlinear system is smoothly small-time locally controllable, i.e. Read More


The $_{3}F_{2}$ hypergeometric function plays a very significant role in the theory of hypergeometric and generalized hypergeometric series. Despite that $_{3}F_{2}$ hypergeometric function has several applications in mathematics, also it has a lot of applications in physics and statistics. The fundamental purpose of this research paper is to find out the explicit expression of the $_{3}F_{2}$ Watson's classical summation theorem of the form: \[ _{3}F_{2}\left[ \begin{array} [c]{ccccc}% a, & b, & c & & \\ & & & ; & 1\\ \frac{1}{2}(a+b+i+1), & 2c+j & & & \end{array} \right] \] with arbitrary $i$ and $j$, where for $i=j=0$, we get the well known Watson's theorem for the series $_{3}F_{2}(1)$. Read More


The $X_m$ exceptional orthogonal polynomials (XOP) form a complete set of eigenpolynomials to a differential equation. Despite being complete, the XOP set does not contain polynomials of every degree. Thereby, the XOP escape the Bochner classification theorem. Read More


We describe a method for the rapid numerical evaluation of the Bessel functions of the first and second kinds of nonnegative real orders and positive arguments. Our algorithm makes use of the well-known observation that although the Bessel functions themselves are expensive to represent via piecewise polynomial expansions, the logarithms of certain solutions of Bessel's equation are not. We exploit this observation by numerically precomputing the logarithms of carefully chosen Bessel functions and representing them with piecewise bivariate Chebyshev expansions. Read More


We prove various extensions of the Coifman-Rubio de Francia-Semmes multiplier theorem to operator-valued multipliers on Banach function spaces. Our results involve a new boundedness condition on sets of operators which we call $\ell^{r}(\ell^{s})$-boundedness, which implies $\mathcal{R}$-boundedness in many cases. The proofs are based on new Littlewood-Paley-Rubio de Francia-type estimates in Banach function spaces which were recently obtained by the authors. Read More


The Morales-Ramis theorem can be applied to Painlev\'e equations. As in a paper of Morales-Ruiz we associate an autonomous Hamiltonian $H$ to a Painlev\'e equation $P$. Reducibility of $P$ and complete integrability of $H$ are discussed. Read More


Let $\mathcal M$ be a holonomic algebraic $\mathcal D$-module on the affine line, regular everywhere including at infinity. Malgrange gave a complete description of the Fourier-Laplace transform $\widehat{\mathcal M}$, including its Stokes multipliers at infinity, in terms of the quiver of $\mathcal M$. Let $F$ be the perverse sheaf of holomorphic solutions to $\mathcal M$. Read More


We consider the squared singular values of the product of $M$ standard complex Gaussian matrices. Since the squared singular values form a determinantal point process with a particular Meijer G-function kernel, the gap probabilities are given by a Fredholm determinant based on this kernel. It was shown by Strahov \cite{St14} that a hard edge scaling limit of the gap probabilities is described by Hamiltonian differential equations which can be formulated as an isomonodromic deformation system similar to the theory of the Kyoto school. Read More


An analog of the Gelfand--Shilov estimate of the matrix exponential is proved for Green's function of the problem of bounded solutions of the ordinary differential equation $x'(t)-Ax(t)=f(t)$. Read More


We obtain a weak type $(1,1)$ estimate for a maximal operator associated with the classical rough homogeneous singular integrals $T_{\Omega}$. In particular, this provides a different approach to a sparse domination for $T_{\Omega}$ obtained recently by Conde-Alonso, Culiuc, Di Plinio and Ou. Read More


We study the integral transform which appeared in a different form in Akhiezer's textbook "Lectures on Integral Transforms". Read More


In this paper we prove that for an arbitrary pair $\{T_1,T_0\}$ of contractions on Hilbert space with trace class difference, there exists a function $\boldsymbol\xi$ in $L^1({\Bbb T})$ (called a spectral shift function for the pair $\{T_1,T_0\}$ ) such that the trace formula $\operatorname{trace}(f(T_1)-f(T_0))=\int_{\Bbb T} f'(\zeta)\boldsymbol{\xi}(\zeta)\,d\zeta$) holds for an arbitrary operator Lipschitz function $f$ analytic in the unit disk. Read More


In this paper we establish the characterization of the weighted BMO via two weight commutators in the settings of the Neumann Laplacian $\Delta_{N_+}$ on the upper half space $\mathbb{R}^n_+$ and the reflection Neumann Laplacian $\Delta_N$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$ with respect to the weights associated to $\Delta_{N_+}$ and $\Delta_{N}$ respectively. This in turn yields a weak factorization for the corresponding weighted Hardy spaces, where in particular, the weighted class associated to $\Delta_{N}$ is strictly larger than the Muckenhoupt weighted class and contains non-doubling weights. In our study, we also make contributions to the classical Muckenhoupt--Wheeden weighted Hardy space (BMO space respectively) by showing that it can be characterized via area function (Carleson measure respectively) involving the semigroup generated by the Laplacian on $\mathbb{R}^n$ and that the duality of these weighted Hardy and BMO spaces holds for Muckenhoupt $A^p$ weights with $p\in (1,2]$ while the previously known related results cover only $p\in (1,{n+1\over n}]$. Read More


We study the convergence of the Laurent polynomials of Lagrange interpolation on the unit circle for continuous functions satisfying a condition about their modulus of continuity. The novelty of the result is that now the nodal systems are more general than those constituted by the n roots of complex unimodular numbers and the class of functions is different from the usually studied. Moreover, some consequences for the Lagrange interpolation on [-1,1] and the Lagrange trigonometric interpolation are obtained. Read More


We provide an elementary proof of the left side inequality and improve the right inequality in \bigg[\frac{n!}{x-(x^{-1/n}+\alpha)^{-n}}\bigg]^{\frac{1}{n+1}}&<((-1)^{n-1}\psi^{(n)})^{-1}(x) &<\bigg[\frac{n!}{x-(x^{-1/n}+\beta)^{-n}}\bigg]^{\frac{1}{n+1}}, where $\alpha=[(n-1)!]^{-1/n}$ and $\beta=[n!\zeta(n+1)]^{-1/n}$, which was proved in \cite{6}, and we prove the following inequalities for the inverse of the digamma function $\psi$. \frac{1}{\log(1+e^{-x})}<\psi^{-1}(x)< e^{x}+\frac{1}{2}, \quad x\in\mathbb{R}. The proofs are based on nice applications of the mean value theorem for differentiation and elementary properties of the polygamma functions. Read More


The main result of the paper is a construction of a five-parameter family of new bases in the algebra of symmetric functions. These bases are inhomogeneous and share many properties of systems of orthogonal polynomials on an interval of the real line. This means, in particular, that the algebra of symmetric functions is embedded into the algebra of continuous functions on a certain compact space Omega, and under this realization, our bases turn into orthogonal bases of weighted Hilbert spaces corresponding to certain probability measures on Omega. Read More


In this paper we develop the theory of variable exponent Hardy spaces associated with discrete Laplacians on infinite graphs. Our Hardy spaces are defined by square integrals, atomic and molecular decompositions. Also we study boundedness properties of Littlewood-Paley functions, Riesz transforms, and spectral multipliers for discrete Laplacians on variable exponent Hardy spaces. Read More


Peakons are special weak solutions of a class of nonlinear partial differential equations modelling non-linear phenomena such as the breakdown of regularity and the onset of shocks. We show that the natural concept of weak solutions in the case of the modified Camassa-Holm equation studied in this paper is dictated by the distributional compatibility of its Lax pair and, as a result, it differs from the one proposed and used in the literature based on the concept of weak solutions used for equations of the Burgers type. Subsequently, we give a complete construction of peakon solutions satisfying the modified Camassa-Holm equation in the sense of distributions; our approach is based on solving certain inverse boundary value problem the solution of which hinges on a combination of classical techniques of analysis involving Stieltjes' continued fractions and multi-point Pad\'{e} approximations. Read More


In this paper, we solve a spectral problem about positive semi-definite trace-class pseudodifferential operators on modulation spaces which was posed by H. Feichtinger. Later, C. Read More


The class of second order ODE's cubic with respect to the first order derivative is considered. Using geometric structures associated with these equations, the subclasses of umbilical equations, zero mean curvature equations, and zero Gaussian curvature equations are defined. Zero mean curvature equations are studied within the framework of the first case of intermediate degeneration with the stress on their pseudoscalar and scalar invariants. Read More


We continue the study of how one can define means of infinite sets. We introduce many new properties, investigate their relations to each other and how they can typify a mean. In the second part of the paper we are going to classify sets by a given mean in two ways. Read More


We improve the upper bound of the following inequalities for the gamma function $\Gamma$ due to H. Alzer and the author. \begin{equation*} \exp\left(-\frac{1}{2}\psi(x+1/3)\right)<\frac{\Gamma(x)}{x^xe^{-x}\sqrt{2\pi}}<\exp\left(-\frac{1}{2}\psi(x)\right). Read More


This paper deals with the Orthogonal Procrustes Problem in R^D by considering either two distinct point configurations or the distribution of distances of two point configurations. The objective is to align two distinct point configurations by first finding a correspondence between the points and then constructing the map which aligns the configurations.This idea is also extended to epsilon-distorted diffeomorphisms which were introduced in [30] by Fefferman and Damelin. Read More


We study the spectral properties of bounded and unbounded Jacobi matrices whose entries are bounded operators on possibly infinite dimensional complex Hilbert space. In particular, we formulate conditions assuring that the spectrum of the studied operators is continuous. Uniform asymptotics of generalized eigenvectors and conditions implying complete indeterminacy are also provided. Read More


For a matrix A_2 weight W on R^p, we introduce a new notion of W-Calder\'on-Zygmund matrix kernels, following earlier work in by Isralowitz. We state and prove a T1 theorem for such operators and give a representation theorem in terms of dyadic W-Haar shifts and paraproducts, in the spirit of Hyt\"onen's Representation Theorem. Finally, by means of a Bellman function argument, we give sharp bounds for such operators in terms of bounds for weighted matrix martingale transforms and paraproducts. Read More


In \cite{hien}, M. Hien introduced rapid decay homology group $\Homo^{rd}_{*}(U, (\nabla, E))$ associated to an irregular connection $(\nabla, E)$ on a smooth complex affine variety $U$, and showed that it is the dual group of the algebraic de Rham cohomology group $\Homo^*_{dR}(U,(\nabla^{\vee}, E^{\vee}))$. On the other hand, F. Read More


This paper deals with initial value problems for fractional functional differential equations with bounded delay. The fractional derivative is defined in the Caputo sense. By using the Schauder fixed point theorem and the properties of the Mittag-Leffler function, new existence and uniqueness results for global solutions of the initial value problems are established. Read More


We introduce LRT, a new Lagrangian-based ReachTube computation algorithm that conservatively approximates the set of reachable states of a nonlinear dynamical system. LRT makes use of the Cauchy-Green stretching factor (SF), which is derived from an over-approximation of the gradient of the solution flows. The SF measures the discrepancy between two states propagated by the system solution from two initial states lying in a well-defined region, thereby allowing LRT to compute a reachtube with a ball-overestimate in a metric where the computed enclosure is as tight as possible. Read More


We derive the most general families of differential operators of first and second degree semi-commuting with the differential operators of the Heun class. Among these families we classify all those families commuting with the Heun class. In particular, we discover that a certain generalized Heun equation commutes with the Heun differential operator allowing us to construct the general solution to a complicated fourth order linear differential equation with variable coefficients which Maple 16 cannot solve. Read More


We prove that if $M$ and $N$ are Riemannian, oriented $n$-dimensional manifolds without boundary and additionally $N$ is compact, then Sobolev mappings $W^{1,n}(M,N)$ of finite distortion are continuous. In particular, $W^{1,n}(M,N)$ mappings with almost everywhere positive Jacobian are continuous. This result has been known since 1976 in the case of mappings $W^{1,n}(\Omega,\mathbb{R}^n)$, where $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ is an open set. Read More


The elliptic integral and its various generalizations are playing very important and basic role in different branches of modern mathematics. It is well known that they cannot be represented by the elementary transcendental functions. Therefore, there is a need for sharp computable bounds for the family of integrals. Read More


Let $n, m$ be positive integers, $n\geq m$. We make several remarks on the relationship between approximate differentiability of higher order and Morse-Sard properties. For instance, among other things we show that if a function $f:\mathbb{R}^n\to\mathbb{R}^m$ is locally Lipschitz and is approximately differentiable of order $i$ almost everywhere with respect to the Hausdorff measure $\mathcal{H}^{i+m-2}$, for every $i=2, \dots, n-m+1$, then $f$ has the Morse-Sard property (that is to say, the image of the critical set of $f$ is null with respect to the Lebesgue measure in $\mathbb{R}^m$). Read More


We establish new estimates for the constant $J_a(k,\alpha)$ in the Brudnyi-Jackson inequality for approximation of $f \in C[-1,1]$ by algebraic polynomials: $$ E_{n}^a (f) \le J_a(k, \alpha) \ \omega_k (f, \alpha \pi /n ), \quad \alpha >0 $$ The main result of the paper implies the following inequalities $$ 1/2< J_a (2k, \alpha) < 10, \quad n \ge 2k(2k-1), \quad \alpha \ge 2 $$ Read More


The present article is devoted to functions from a certain subclass of non-differentiable functions. The arguments and values of considered functions represented by the s-adic representation or the nega-s-adic representation of real numbers. The technique of modeling such functions is the simplest as compared with well-known techniques of modeling non-differentiable functions. Read More


The paper explores various special functions which generalize the two-parametric Mittag-Leffler type function of two variables. Integral representations for these functions in different domains of variation of arguments for certain values of the parameters are obtained. The asymptotic expansions formulas and asymptotic properties of such functions are also established for large values of the variables. Read More


We propose a new fractional derivative, the so-called Hilfer-Katugampola fractional derivative. Motived by Hilfer derivative, this formulation interpoles, the well-known fractional derivatives: Hilfer, Hilfer-Hadamard, Riemann-Liouville, Hadamard, Caputo, Caputo-Hadamard, Liouville, Weyl, generalized and Caputo-type fractional derivatives. As an application, we consider a nonlinear fractional differential equation with an initial condition involving this new formulation and than we prove that the solution of this equation is equivalent to the Volterra integral equation. Read More


This note surveys -- by means of 25 examples -- the concept of varifold, as generalised submanifold, with emphasis on integral varifolds with mean curvature, while keeping prerequisites to a minimum. Integral varifolds are the natural language for studying the variational theory of the area integrand if one considers, for instance, existence or regularity of stationary (or, stable) surfaces of dimension at least three, or the limiting behaviour of sequences of smooth submanifolds under area and mean curvature bounds. Read More