# Mathematics - Category Theory Publications (50)

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## Mathematics - Category Theory Publications

We define a family of quantum invariants of closed oriented $3$-manifolds using spherical multi-fusion categories. The state sum nature of this invariant leads directly to $(2+1)$-dimensional topological quantum field theories ($\text{TQFT}$s), which generalize the Turaev-Viro-Barrett-Westbury ($\text{TVBW}$) $\text{TQFT}$s from spherical fusion categories. The invariant is given as a state sum over labeled triangulations, which is mostly parallel to, but richer than the $\text{TVBW}$ approach in that here the labels live not only on $1$-simplices but also on $0$-simplices. Read More

These are expanded lecture notes from lectures given at the Workshop on higher structures at MATRIX Melbourne. These notes give an introduction to Feynman categories and their applications. Feynman categories give a universal categorical way to encode operations and relations. Read More

We use the language of precategories to formulate a general mathematical framework for phylogenetics. Read More

Topos theory is a category-theoretic axiomatization of set theory. Model categories are a category-theoretical framework for abstract homotopy theory. They are complete and cocomplete categories endowed with three classes of morphisms (called fibrations, cofibrations and equivalences) satisfying certain axioms. Read More

We describe the split extension classifiers in the semi-abelian category of cocommutative Hopf algebras over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero. The categorical notions of centralizer and of center in the category of cocommutative Hopf algebras is then explored. We show that the categorical notion of center coincides with the one that is considered in the theory of general Hopf algebras. Read More

These notes follows the articles \cite{kamel, Cam, cam-cubique} which show how powerful can be the method of \textit{Stretchings} initiated with the \textit{Globular Geometry} by Jacques Penon in \cite{penon} , to weakened \textit{strict higher structures}. Here we adapt this method to weakened strict multiple $\infty$-categories, strict multiple $(\infty,m)$-categories, and in particular we obtain algebraic models of weak multiple $\infty$-groupoids. Read More

In this article we construct three explicit natural subgroups of the Brauer-Picard group of the category of representations of a finite-dimensional Hopf algebra. In examples the Brauer Picard group decomposes into an ordered product of these subgroups, somewhat similar to a Bruhat decomposition. Our construction returns for any Hopf algebra three types of braided autoequivalences and correspondingly three families of invertible bimodule categories. Read More

We present a denotational account of dynamic allocation of potentially cyclic memory cells using a monad on a functor category. We identify the collection of heaps as an object in a different functor category equipped with a monad for adding hiding/encapsulation capabilities to the heaps. We derive a monad for full ground references supporting effect masking by applying a state monad transformer to the encapsulation monad. Read More

We define a new equivalence between algebras for n-globular operads which is suggested in [Cottrell 2015], and show that it is a generalization of ordinary equivalence between categories. Read More

We describe the combinatorics of the multisemigroup with multiplicities for the tensor category of subbimodules of the identity bimodule, for an arbitrary non-uniform orientation of a finite cyclic quiver. Read More

We give a sufficient condition for a Verdier quotient $\ct/\cs$ of a triangulated category $\ct$ by a thick subcategory $\cs$ to be realized inside of $\ct$ as an ideal quotient. As applications, we deduce three significant results by Buchweitz, Orlov and Amiot--Guo--Keller. Read More

This article presents formalistic tool for description of structural and biochemical relations between cells in the course of development of the body of plants. This is flexible formalistic space, based on the Category theory and the Petri Net approach, which embeds and mutually supplements biological data from methodically different sources. Relation between functional and morphological ways of plant description was mathematically realized with help of the adjoint functors. Read More

We introduce the forcing model of IZFA (Intuitionistic Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory with Atoms) for every Grothendieck topology and prove that the topos of sheaves on every site is equivalent to the category of 'sets in this forcing model'. Read More

We give a definition of weak morphism of $T$-algebras, for a $2$-monad $T$, with respect to an arbitrary family $\Omega$ of $2$-cells of the base $2$-category. This notion allows for a unified treatment of lax, pseudo and strict morphisms of $T$-algebras. We give a general notion of weak limit, and define what it means for such a limit to be compatible with another family of $2$-cells. Read More

We define a bar construction endofunctor on the category of commutative augmented monoids $A$ of a symmetric monoidal category $\mathcal{V}$ endowed with a left adjoint monoidal functor $F:s\mathbf{Set}\to \mathcal{V}$. To do this, we need to carefully examine the monoidal properties of the well-known (reduced) simplicial bar construction $B_\bullet(1,A,1)$. We define a geometric realization $|-|$ with respect to the image under $F$ of the canonical cosimplicial simplicial set. Read More

The purpose of the present paper is to show that: Eilenberg-type correspondences = Birkhoff's theorem for (finite) algebras + duality. We consider algebras for a monad T on a category D and we study (pseudo)varieties of T-algebras. Pseudovarieties of algebras are also known in the literature as varieties of finite algebras. Read More

We construct a flagged $\infty$-category ${\sf Corr}$ of $\infty$-categories and bimodules among them. We prove that ${\sf Corr}$ classifies exponentiable fibrations. This representability of exponentiable fibrations extends that established by Lurie of both coCartesian fibrations and Cartesian fibrations, as they are classified by the $\infty$-category of $\infty$-categories and its opposite, respectively. Read More

We study actions of discrete groups on 2-categories. The motivating examples are actions on the 2-category of representations of finite tensor categories and their relation with the extension theory of tensor categories by groups. Associated to a group action on a 2-category, we construct the 2-category of equivariant objects. Read More

We give an account of lax orthogonal factorisation systems on order-enriched categories. Among them, we define and characterise the KZ-reflective ones, in a way that mirrors the characterisation of reflective orthogonal factorisation systems. We use simple monads to construct lax orthogonal factorisation systems, such as one on the category of T_0 topological spaces closely related to continuous lattices. Read More

The goal of the present paper is to introduce a smaller, but equivalent version of the Deligne-Hinich-Getzler $\infty$-groupoid associated to a homotopy Lie algebra. In the case of differential graded Lie algebras, we represent it by a universal cosimplicial object. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Shibaura Institute of Technology

We introduce the notions of categorical integrals and categorical cointegrals of a finite tensor category $\mathcal{C}$ by using a certain adjunction between $\mathcal{C}$ and its Drinfeld center $\mathcal{Z}(\mathcal{C})$. These notions can be identified with integrals and cointegrals of a finite-dimensional Hopf algebra $H$ if $\mathcal{C}$ is the representation category of $H$. We generalize basic results on integrals and cointegrals of a finite-dimensional Hopf algebra (such as the existence, the uniqueness, and the Maschke theorem) to finite tensor categories. Read More

In order to solve two problems in deformation theory, we establish natural structures of homotopy Lie algebras and of homotopy associative algebras on tensor products of algebras of different types and on mapping spaces between coalgebras and algebras. When considering tensor products, such algebraic structures extend the Lie algebra or associative algebra structures that can be obtained by means of the Manin products of operads. These new homotopy algebra structures are proven by to compatible with the concepts of homotopy theory: $\infty$-morphisms and the Homotopy Transfer Theorem. Read More

We introduce the notion of an ideal $I$ of the category of presheaves $\widehat{\mathcal{C}}$ on a small category $\mathcal{C}$. We then establish a weak topology $j^I$ on $\widehat{\mathcal{C}}$ which we call it weak ideal topology. Afterwards, we present a necessary and sufficient condition for that $j^I$ to be a topology on $\widehat{\mathcal{C}}. Read More

We broadly generalise Mermin-type arguments on GHZ states, and we provide exact group-theoretic conditions for non-locality to be achieved. Our results are of interest in quantum foundations, where they yield a new hierarchy of quantum-realisable All-vs-Nothing arguments. They are also of interest to quantum protocols, where they find immediate application to a non-trivial extension of the hybrid quantum-classical secret sharing scheme of Hillery, Bu\v{z}ek and Berthiaume (HBB). Read More

In this paper we address the question of the existence of a model for the string 2-group as a strict Lie-2-group using the free loop group $LSpin$ (or more generally $LG$ for compact simple simply-connected Lie groups $G$). Baez--Crans--Stevenson--Schreiber constructed a model for the string 2-group using the based loop group $\Omega Spin$. This has the deficiency that it does not admit an action of the circle group $S^{1}$, which is of crucial importance, for instance in the construction of a (hypothetical) $S^{1}$-equivariant index of (higher) differential operators. Read More

Descent theory for linear categories is developed. Given a linear category as an extension of a diagonal category, we introduce descent data, and the category of descent data is isomorphic to the category of representations of the diagonal category, if some flatness assumptions are satisfied. Then Hopf-Galois descent theory for linear Hopf categories, the Hopf algebra version of a linear category, is developed. Read More

Proof nets are a syntax for linear logic proofs which gives a coarser notion of proof equivalence with respect to syntactic equality together with an intuitive geometrical representation of proofs. In this paper we give an alternative $2$-dimensional syntax for multiplicative linear logic derivations. The syntax of string diagrams authorizes the definition of a framework where the sequentializability of a term, i. Read More

In this article, we study the heart of a cotorsion pairs on an exact category and a triangulated category in a unified meathod, by means of the notion of an extriangulated category. We prove that the heart is abelian, and construct a cohomological functor to the heart. If the extriangulated category has enough projectives, this functor gives an equivalence between the heart and the category of coherent functors over the coheart modulo projectives. Read More

Let $\mathcal{A}$ and $\mathcal{B}$ be monoidal categories and let $\left( L:\mathcal{B}\rightarrow \mathcal{A},R:\mathcal{A}\rightarrow \mathcal{B}\right) $ be a pair of adjoint functors. Supposing that $R$ is moreover a lax monoidal functor (or, equivalently, that $L$ is colax monoidal), $R$ induces a functor $\overline{R}:{\sf Alg}({\mathcal{A}})\rightarrow {\sf Alg}({\mathcal{B}})$ and $L$ colifts to a functor $\underline{L}: {\sf Coalg}({\mathcal{B}})\rightarrow {\sf Coalg}({\mathcal{A}})$, as is well-known. An adjoint pair of such functors $(L,R)$ is called "liftable" if the functor $\overline{R}$ has a left adjoint and if the functor $\underline{L}$ has a right adjoint. Read More

The abelian Hidden Subgroup Problem (HSP) is extremely general, and many problems with known quantum exponential speed-up (such as integers factorisation, the discrete logarithm and Simon's problem) can be seen as specific instances of it. The traditional presentation of the quantum protocol for the abelian HSP is low-level, and relies heavily on the the interplay between classical group theory and complex vector spaces. Instead, we give a high-level diagrammatic presentation which showcases the quantum structures truly at play. Read More

We present a way of constructing a Quillen model structure on a full subcategory of an elementary topos, starting with an interval object with connections and a certain dominance. The advantage of this method is that it does not require the underlying topos to be cocomplete. The resulting model category structure gives rise to a model of homotopy type theory with identity types, $\Sigma$- and $\Pi$-types, and functional extensionality. Read More

Derived geometry can be defined as the universal way to adjoin finite homotopical limits to a category of manifolds compatibly with products and glueing. I investigate consequences of this definition in the differentiable setting, and compare the theory so obtained to D. Spivak's axioms for derived smooth manifolds. Read More

We define a variety of notions of cubical sets, based on sites organized using substructural algebraic theories presenting PRO(P)s or Lawvere theories. We prove that all our sites are test categories in the sense of Grothendieck, meaning that the corresponding presheaf categories of cubical sets model classical homotopy theory. We delineate exactly which ones are even strict test categories, meaning that products of cubical sets correspond to products of homotopy types. Read More

We give a general categorical construction that yields several monads of measures and distributions as special cases, alongside several monads of filters. The construction takes place within a categorical setting for generalized functional analysis, called a $\textit{functional-analytic context}$, formulated in terms of a given monad or algebraic theory $\mathcal{T}$ enriched in a closed category $\mathcal{V}$. By employing the notion of $\textit{commutant}$ for enriched algebraic theories and monads, we define the $\textit{functional distribution monad}$ associated to a given functional-analytic context. Read More

We generalize the hierarchy construction to generic 2+1D topological orders (which can be non-Abelian) by condensing Abelian anyons in one topological order to construct a new one. We show that such construction is reversible and leads to a new equivalence relation between topological orders. We refer to the corresponding equivalent class (the orbit of the hierarchy construction) as "the non-Abelian family". Read More

We prove that connectors are stable under quotients in any (regular) Goursat category. As a consequence, the category $\mathsf{Conn}(\mathbb{C})$ of connectors in $\mathbb{C}$ is a Goursat category whenever $\mathbb C$ is. This implies that Goursat categories can be characterised in terms of a simple property of internal groupoids. Read More

In monadic programming, datatypes are presented as free algebras, generated by data values, and by the algebraic operations and equations capturing some computational effects. These algebras are free in the sense that they satisfy just the equations imposed by their algebraic theory, and remain free of any additional equations. The consequence is that they do not admit quotient types. Read More

**Authors:**Egbert Rijke

In homotopy type theory we can define the join of maps as a binary operation on maps with a common co-domain. This operation is commutative, associative, and the unique map from the empty type into the common codomain is a neutral element. Moreover, we show that the idempotents of the join of maps are precisely the embeddings, and we prove the `join connectivity theorem', which states that the connectivity of the join of maps equals the join of the connectivities of the individual maps. Read More

We present a simple categorical framework for the treatment of probabilistic theories, with the aim of reconciling the fields of Categorical Quantum Mechanics (CQM) and Operational Probabilistic Theories (OPTs). In recent years, both CQM and OPTs have found successful application to a number of areas in quantum foundations and information theory: they present many similarities, both in spirit and in formalism, but they remain separated by a number of subtle yet important differences. We attempt to bridge this gap, by adopting a minimal number of operationally motivated axioms which provide clean categorical foundations, in the style of CQM, for the treatment of the problems that OPTs are concerned with. Read More

We introduce and prove basic results about several graph-theoretic notions relevant to the multiresolution analysis of \emph{flow graphs}. A categorical viewpoint is taken in later sections to demonstrate that our definitions are natural and to motivate particular incarnations of related constructions. Examples are discussed and code is included in appendices. Read More

We give an abstract formulation of the formal theory partial differential equations (PDEs) in synthetic differential geometry, one that would seamlessly generalize the traditional theory to a range of enhanced contexts, such as super-geometry, higher (stacky) differential geometry, or even a combination of both. A motivation for such a level of generality is the eventual goal of solving the open problem of covariant geometric pre-quantization of locally variational field theories, which may include fermions and (higher) gauge fields. (abridged) Read More

Given a tensor-triangulated category $T$, we prove that every flat tensor-idempotent in the module category over $T^c$ (the compacts) comes from a unique smashing ideal in $T$. We deduce that the lattice of smashing ideals forms a frame. Read More

Let $X$ be a quasi-compact, separated scheme over a field $k$ and we can consider the categorical resolution of singularities of $X$. In this paper let $k^{\prime}/k$ be a field extension and we study the scalar extension of a categorical resolution of singularities of $X$ and we show how it gives a categorical resolution of the base change scheme $X_{k^{\prime}}$. Our construction involves the scalar extension of derived categories of DG-modules over a DG algebra. Read More

We show that, for a quantale $V$ and a $\mathsf{Set}$-monad $\mathbb{T}$ laxly extended to $V$-$\mathsf{Rel}$, the presheaf monad on the category of $(\mathbb{T},V)$-categories is simple, giving rise to a lax orthogonal factorisation system (\textsc{lofs}) whose corresponding weak factorisation system has embeddings as left part. In addition, we present presheaf submonads and study the LOFSs they define. Read More

Let $\mathbb{K}$ be an infinite field. We prove that if a variety of alternating $\mathbb{K}$-algebras (not necessarily associative, where $xx=0$ is a law) is locally algebraically cartesian closed, then it must be a variety of Lie algebras over $\mathbb{K}$. In particular, $\mathsf{Lie}_{\mathbb{K}}$ is the largest such. Read More

It is proved that a norm-decreasing homomorphism of commutative Banach algebras is an effective descent morphism for Banach modules if and only if it is a weak retract. Read More

In this short note we prove that distributors between groupoids form the bicategory of relations relative to the comprehensive factorization system. An internal version of this result is under investigation. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}RIMS, Kyoto University

The notion of linear exponential comonads on symmetric monoidal categories has been used for modelling the exponential modality of linear logic. In this paper we introduce linear exponential comonads on general (possibly non-symmetric) monoidal categories, and show some basic results on them. Read More

We present a categorical construction for modelling both definite and indefinite causal structures within a general class of process theories that include classical probability theory and quantum theory. Unlike prior constructions within categorical quantum mechanics, the objects of this theory encode finegrained causal relationships between subsystems and give a new method for expressing and deriving consequences for a broad class of causal structures. To illustrate this point, we show that this framework admits processes with definite causal structures, namely one-way signalling processes, non-signalling processes, and quantum n-combs, as well as processes with indefinite causal structure, such as the quantum switch and the process matrices of Oreshkov, Costa, and Brukner. Read More

Reasoning in the 2-category Con of contexts, certain sketches for arithmetic universes (i.e. list arithmetic pretoposes; AUs), is shown to give rise to base-independent results of Grothendieck toposes, provided the base elementary topos has a natural numbers object. Read More