High Energy Physics - Theory Publications (50)


High Energy Physics - Theory Publications

The thermal contribution to the chiral vortical effect is believed to be tied to the axial anomaly in external gravitational fields. We use the universality of the spin-gravity interaction to extend this idea to a wider set of phenomena. We consider the Kubo formula at weak coupling for the spin current of a vector field and derive a novel anomalous effect caused by the medium rotation: chiral vortical effect for bosons. Read More

We calculate the chiral string amplitude in pure spinor formalism and take four point amplitude as an example. The method could be easily generalized to $N$ point amplitude by complicated calculations. By doing the usual calculations of string theory first and using a special singular gauge limit, we produce the amplitude with the integral over Dirac $\delta$-functions. Read More

We compute the two-loop master integrals required for the leading QCD corrections to the interaction vertex of a massive neutral boson $X^0$, e.g. $H,Z$ or $\gamma^{*}$, with a pair of $W$ bosons, mediated by a $SU(2)_L$ quark doublet composed of one massive and one massless flavor. Read More

Magnetic field is unstable in a medium with time-independent chiral conductivity. Owing to the chiral anomaly, the electromagnetic field and the medium exchange helicity which results in time-evolution of the chiral conductivity. Using the fastest growing momentum and helicity state of the vector potential as an ansatz, the time-evolution of the chiral conductivity and magnetic field is solved analytically. Read More

For a $(3+1)$-dimensional generalization of the Schwinger model, we compute the interaction energy between two test charges. The result shows that the static potential profile contains a linear term leading to the confinement of probe charges, exactly as in the original model in two dimensions. We further show that the same 4-dimensional model also appears as one version of the $ B \wedge F$ models in $(3+1)$ dimensions under dualization of Stueckelberg-like massive gauge theories. Read More

We propose a new prescription for computing the Nekrasov partition functions of five-dimensional theories with eight supercharges realized by gauging non-perturbative flavor symmetries of three five-dimensional superconformal field theories. The topological vertex formalism gives a way to compute the partition functions of the matter theories with flavor instanton backgrounds, and the gauging is achieved by summing over Young diagrams. We apply the prescription to calculate the Nekrasov partition functions of various five-dimensional gauge theories such as $\mathrm{SO}(2N)$ gauge theories with or without hypermultiplets in the vector representation and also pure $E_6, E_7, E_8$ gauge theories. Read More

Anisotropic exponential cosmological solutions for a space of arbitrary dimension filled with ordinary matter in the 4th and 5th orders of Lovelock gravity are obtained. Also we have supposed a generalization of such solutions on an arbitrary order. All the solutions are represented as a set of conditions on Hubble parameters. Read More

It is well known that interpreting the cosmological constant as the pressure, the AdS black holes behave as van der Waals thermodynamic system. In this case, like a phase transition from vapor to liquid in a usual van der Waals system, black holes also changes phases about a critical point in $P$-$V$ picture, where $P$ is the pressure and $V$ is the thermodynamic volume. Here we give a geometrical description of this phase transition. Read More

We study the scalar-tensor theory of gravity profoundly in the action level as well as in the thermodynamic level. Contrary to the usual description of the literature about the equivalence in the two conformally connected frames, this paper addresses several incomplete inferences regarding it as well as it mentions some in-equivalences which were not pointed out earlier. In the thermodynamic level, our analysis shows the two frames are equivalent. Read More

We say that a formal power series $\sum a_n z^n$ with rational coefficients is a 2-function if the numerator of the fraction $a_{n/p}-p^2 a_n$ is divisible by $p^2$ for every prime number $p$. One can prove that 2-functions with rational coefficients appear as building block of BPS generating functions in topological string theory. Using the Frobenius map we define 2-functions with coefficients in algebraic number fields. Read More

In the early sixties Leonard Parker discovered that the expansion of the universe can create particles out of the vacuum, opening a new and fruitfull field in physics. We give a historical review in the form of an interview that took place during the Conference ERE2014 (Valencia 1-5, September, 2014). Read More

We have analytically investigated the effects of non-linearity on the free energy and thermodynamic geometry of holographic superconductors in $2+1 -$dimensions. The non-linear effect is introduced by considering the coupling of the massive charged scalar field with Born-Infeld electrodynamics. We then calculate the relation between critical temperature and charge density from two different methods, namely, the matching method and the divergence of the scalar curvature which is obtained by investigating the thermodynamic geometry of the model. Read More

In this note we make an attempt to compare a cohomological theory of Hilbert spaces of ground states in the ${\cal N}=(2,2)$ 2d Landau-Ginzburg theory in models describing link embeddings in ${\mathbb{R}}^3$ to Khovanov and Khovanov-Rozansky homologies. To confirm the equivalence we exploit the invariance of Hilbert spaces of ground states for interfaces with respect to homotopy. In this attempt to study solitons and instantons in the Landau-Giznburg theory we apply asymptotic analysis also known in the literature as exact WKB method, spectral networks method, or resurgence. Read More

We argue that conformal invariance in flat spacetime implies Weyl invariance in a general curved background metric for all unitary theories in spacetime dimensions $d \leq 10$. We also study possible curvature corrections to the Weyl transformations of operators, and show that these are absent for operators of sufficiently low dimensionality and spin. We identify a class of consistent curvature corrections proportional to the Weyl tensor (Cotton tensor in $d = 3$). Read More

In arXiv:1601.02203, a simple model has been proposed in order to solve one of the problems related with the cosmological constant. The model is given by a topological field theory and the model has an infinite numbers of the BRS symmetries. Read More

It is analyzed the effects of both bulk and shear viscosities on the perturbations, relevant for structure formation in late time cosmology. It is shown that shear viscosity can be as effective as the bulk viscosity on suppressing the growth of perturbations and delaying the nonlinear regime. A statistical analysis of the shear and bulk viscous effects is performed and some constraints on these viscous effects are given. Read More

We analyze in detail the global symmetries of various (2+1)d quantum field theories and couple them to classical background gauge fields. A proper identification of the global symmetries allows us to consider all non-trivial bundles of those background fields, thus finding more subtle observables. The global symmetries exhibit interesting 't Hooft anomalies. Read More

We consider the noncommutative deformation of the finite temperature holographic QCD (Sakai--Sugimoto) model in external electric and magnetic field and evaluate the effect of the noncommutaivity on the properties of the conductor-insulator phase transition associated with a baryon number current. Although the noncommutative deformation of the gauge theory does not change the phase structure with respect to the baryon number current, the transition temperature $T_{c}$, the transition electric field $e_{c}$ and magnetic field $b_{c}$ in the conductor-insurator phase transition depend on the noncommutativity parameter $\theta$. Namely, the noncommutativity of space coordinates has an influence on the shape of the phase diagram for the conductor-insurator phase transition. Read More

We propose that the intrinsic geometry of holographic screens should be described by the Newton-Cartan geometry. As a test of this proposal, we show that the evolution equations of the screen can be written in a covariant form in terms of a stress tensor, an energy current, and a momentum one-form. We derive the expressions for the stress tensor, energy density, and momentum one-form using Brown-York action formalism. Read More

We consider cosmological evolution from the perspective of quantum information. We present a quantum circuit model for the expansion of a comoving region of space, in which initially-unentangled ancilla qubits become entangled as expansion proceeds. We apply this model to the comoving region that now coincides with our Hubble volume, taking the number of entangled degrees of freedom in this region to be proportional to the de Sitter entropy. Read More

We analyse the worldline holographic framework for fermions. Worldline holography is based on the observation that in the worldline approach to quantum field theory, sources of a quantum field theory over Mink$_4$ naturally form a field theory over AdS$_5$ to all orders in the elementary fields and in the sources. Schwinger's proper time of the worldline formalism automatically appears with the physical four spacetime dimensions in an AdS$_5$ geometry. Read More

The Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev (SYK) model is a model of $q$ interacting fermions. Gross and Rosenhaus have proposed a generalization of the SYK model which involves fermions with different flavors. In terms of Feynman graphs, those flavors are reminiscent of the colors used in random tensor theory. Read More

We propose the existence of a new universality in classical chaotic systems when the number of degrees of freedom is large: the statistical property of the Lyapunov spectrum is described by Random Matrix Theory. We demonstrate it by studying the finite-time Lyapunov exponents of the matrix model of a stringy black hole and the mass deformed models. The massless limit, which has a dual string theory interpretation, is special in that the universal behavior can be seen already at t=0, while in other cases it sets in at late time. Read More

We study the real-time evolution of an electron influenced by intense electromagnetic fields using the time-dependent basis light-front quantization (tBLFQ) framework. We focus on demonstrating the non-perturbative feature of the tBLFQ approach through a realistic application of the strong coupling QED problem, in which the electromagnetic fields are generated by an ultra-relativistic nucleus. We calculate transitions of an electron influenced by such electromagnetic fields and we show agreement with light-front perturbation theory when the atomic number of the nucleus is small. Read More

It is well known that the memory effect in flat spacetime is parametrized by the BMS supertranslation. We investigate the relation between the memory effect and diffeomorphism in de Sitter spacetime. We find that gravitational memory is parametrized by a BMS-like supertranslation in the static patch of de Sitter spacetime. Read More

In this work we investigate a $Z_2$ symmetric model of one scalar field $\phi$ in $(1,1)$ dimension. The model is characterized by a continuous transition from a potential $V(\phi)$ with two vacua to the vacuumless case. The model has kink and antikink solutions that minimize energy. Read More

The trace anomaly in six-dimensional space is given by the local terms which have six derivatives of the metric. We find the effective action which is responsible for the anomaly. The result is presented in non-local covariant form and also in the local covariant form which employs two auxiliary scalar fields. Read More

We discuss the mechanism by which the field vacuum energy varies as a result of strong self-interaction. We propose a non-perturbative approach to treat strong interactions and discuss the problem in terms of quasi-particles describing the motion of field modes. The resulting vacuum energy is variable and depends on the state of the system. Read More

A special class of higher curvature theories of gravity, Ricci Cubic Gravity (RCG), in general d dimensional space-time has been investigated in this paper. We have used two different approaches, the linearized equations of motion and auxiliary field formalism to study the massive and massless graviton propagating modes of the AdS background. Using the auxiliary field formalism, we have found the renormalized boundary stress tensor to compute the mass of Schwarzschild AdS and Lifshitz black holes in RCG theory. Read More

Using "complexity=action" proposal we study complexity growth of certain gravitational theories containing higher derivative terms. These include critical gravity in diverse dimensions. One observes that the complexity growth for neutral black holes saturates the proposed bound when the results are written in terms of physical quantities of the model. Read More

We start with the Hamiltonian formulation of the first order action of pure gravity with a full $\mathfrak{sl}(2,\mathbb C)$ internal gauge symmetry. We make a partial gauge-fixing which reduces $\mathfrak{sl}(2,\mathbb C)$ to its sub-algebra $\mathfrak{su}(1,1)$. This case corresponds to a splitting of the space-time ${\cal M}=\Sigma \times \mathbb R$ where $\Sigma$ inherits an arbitrary Lorentzian metric of signature $(-,+,+)$. Read More

According to the conjecture "complexity equals action", the complexity of a holographic state is equal to the action of a Wheeler-de Witt (WdW) patch of black holes in anti-de Sitter (AdS) space. In this paper we calculate the action growth of charged black holes with a single horizon, paying attention to the contribution from a spacelike singularity inside the horizon. We consider two kinds of such charged black holes, one is a charged dilaton black hole, and the other is a Born-Infeld black hole with $\beta^2 Q^2<1/4$. Read More

The first part of this work consists of a study of the ODE/IM correspondence for simply-laced affine Toda field theories. It is a first step towards a full generalisation of the results of Lukyanov and Zamolodchikov on $\hat{\mathfrak a}_1$ to a general affine Lie-Ka\v{c}-Moody algebra $\hat{\mathfrak g}$. In order to achieve our goal, we investigate the structure of evaluation representations of $\hat{\mathfrak g}$ and show how their tensor products are related by what we call projected isomorphisms. Read More

We study the self-energy of a gravitating point particle in AdS$_3$, and compare to operator dimensions in CFT$_2$. In particular, we compute the one and two loop diagram contributions to the expectation value of an open Wilson line in the SL(2,R)$\times$ SL(2,R) Chern-Simons formulation of AdS$_3$ gravity. This gives the two-point function of CFT primary operators to second order in a large $c$ expansion, and hence yields the scaling dimension $h(j,c)$ as a function of the SL(2,R) spin $j$. Read More

We continue to explore the scaling transformation in the reduced action formalism of gravity models. As an extension of our construction, we consider the extended forms of the Smarr relation for various black holes, adopting the cosmological constant as the bulk pressure as in some literatures on black holes. Firstly, by using the quasi-local formalism for charges, we show that, in a general theory of gravity, the volume in the black hole thermodynamics could be defined as the thermodynamic conjugate variable to the bulk pressure in such a way that the first law can be extended consistently. Read More

When starting with a static, spherically-symmetric ansatz, there are two types of black hole solutions in dRGT massive gravity: (i) exact Schwarzschild solutions which exhibit no Yukawa suppression at large distances and (ii) solutions in which the dynamical metric and the reference metric are simultaneously diagonal and which inevitably exhibit coordinate-invariant singularities at the horizon. In this work we investigate the possibility of black hole solutions which can accommodate both a non-singular horizon and Yukawa asymptotics. In particular, by adopting a time-dependent ansatz, we derive perturbative analytic solutions which possess non-singular horizons. Read More

We employ the Arnowitt-Deser-Misner formalism to study the renormalization group flow of gravity minimally coupled to an arbitrary number of scalar, vector, and Dirac fields. The decomposition of the gravitational degrees of freedom into a lapse function, shift vector, and spatial metric equips spacetime with a preferred (Euclidean) "time"-direction. In this work, we provide a detailed derivation of the renormalization group flow of Newton's constant and the cosmological constant on a flat Friedmann-Robertson-Walker background. Read More

Integrable deformations of the hyperbolic and trigonometric ${\mathrm{BC}}_n$ Sutherland models were recently derived via Hamiltonian reduction of certain free systems on the Heisenberg doubles of ${\mathrm{SU}}(n,n)$ and ${\mathrm{SU}}(2n)$, respectively. As a step towards constructing action-angle variables for these models, we here apply the same reduction to a different free system on the double of ${\mathrm{SU}}(2n)$ and thereby obtain a novel integrable many-body model of Ruijsenaars--Schneider--van Diejen type that is in action-angle duality with the respective deformed Sutherland model. Read More

This note announces results on the relations between the approach of Beilinson and Drinfeld to the geometric Langlands correspondence based on conformal field theory, the approach of Kapustin and Witten based on $N=4$ SYM, and the AGT-correspondence. The geometric Langlands correspondence is described as the Nekrasov-Shatashvili limit of a generalisation of the AGT-correspondence in the presence of surface operators. Following the approaches of Kapustin - Witten and Nekrasov - Witten we interpret some aspects of the resulting picture using an effective description in terms of two-dimensional sigma models having Hitchin's moduli spaces as target-manifold. Read More

Starting from the pseudo-${\mathcal B}_0$ gauge solution for marginal deformations in OSFT, we analytically compute the relation between the perturbative deformation parameter $\tilde\lambda$ in the solution and the BCFT marginal parameter $\lambda$, up to fifth order. The microscopic reason why $\tilde\lambda$ and $\lambda$ are different is that the OSFT propagator renormalizes contact term divergences differently from the contour deformation used in BCFT. Read More

We consider four-dimensional gravity coupled to a non-linear sigma model whose scalar manifold is a geometrically finite hyperbolic surface $\Sigma$, which may be non-compact and may have finite or infinite area. When the space-time is an FLRW universe, such theories produce a very wide generalization of two-field $\alpha$-attractor models, being parameterized by a positive constant $\alpha$, by the choice of a finitely-generated surface group $\Gamma\subset \mathrm{PSL}(2,\mathbb{R})$ (which is isomorphic with the fundamental group of $\Sigma$) and by the choice of a scalar potential defined on $\Sigma$. The traditional $\alpha$-attractor models arise when $\Gamma$ is the trivial group, in which case $\Sigma$ is the Poincar\'{e} disk. Read More

The main ingredient for local superconformal methods is the multiplet of gauge fields: the Weyl multiplet. We construct the transformations of this multiplet for $\mathcal{N}=3$, $D = 4$. The construction is based on a supersymmetry truncation from the $\mathcal{N}=4$ Weyl multiplet, on coupling with a current multiplet, and on the implementation of a soft algebra at the nonlinear level, extending su$(2, 2|3)$. Read More

We prove a long-standing conjecture by B. Feigin et al. that certain screening operators on a conformal field theory obey the algebra relations of the Borel part of a quantum group (and more generally a diagonal Nichols algebra). Read More

In a matrix model of pure $SU(2)$ Yang-Mills theory, boundaries emerge in the space of $\textrm{Mat}_{3}(\mathbb{R})$ and the Hamiltonian requires boundary conditions. We show the existence of edge localized glueball states which can have negative energies. These edge levels can be lifted to positive energies if the gluons acquire a London-like mass. Read More

We provide the quasiclassical derivation of the modified chiral magnetic effect in the case when massless charged fermions moving in external electromagnetic fields interact by electroweak forces with the background matter. In our study we rely on the energy balance between the external electromagnetic field and charged particles. The obtained expression for the electric current along the external magnetic field appears to coincide with our previous results based on the purely quantum approach. Read More

We use a recently proposed holographic Kondo model as a well-understood example of AdS/boundary CFT (BCFT) duality, and show explicitly that in this model the bulk volume decreases along the RG flow. We then obtain a proof that this volume loss is indeed a generic feature of AdS/BCFT models of the type proposed by Takayanagi in 2011. According to recent proposals holographically relating bulk volume to such quantities as complexity or fidelity susceptibility in the dual field theory, this suggests the existence of a complexity or fidelity susceptibility analogue of the Affleck-Ludwig g-theorem, which famously states the decrease of boundary entropy along the RG flow of a BCFT. Read More

By considering a deformation of the Schwarzschild metric in the presence of a minimal measurable length which still respects the equivalence principle, we study corrections to the standard general relativistic predictions for some astrophysical phenomena such as stability of circular orbits of black hole accretion disks, redshift of black hole accretion disks, gravitational tidal forces and the geodetic drift rate. We use the Gravity Probe B data to see robustness of our results. Read More

We show that $\frak{su}(2)$ Lie algebras of coordinate operators related to quantum spaces with $\frak{su}(2)$ noncommutativity can be conveniently represented by $SO(3)$-covariant poly-differential involutive representations. We show that the quantized plane waves obtained from the quantization map action on the usual exponential functions are determined by polar decomposition of operators combined with constraint stemming from the Wigner theorem for $SU(2)$. Selecting a subfamily of $^*$-representations, we show that the resulting star-product is equivalent to the Kontsevich product for the Poisson manifold dual to the finite dimensional Lie algebra $\mathfrak{su}(2)$. Read More

Tests of the integrality properties of a scalar operator in topological strings on a resolved conifold background or orientifold of conifold backgrounds have been performed for arborescent knots and some non-arborescent knots. The recent results on polynomials for those knots colored by SU(N) and SO(N) adjoint representations are useful to verify Marino's integrality conjecture upto two boxes in the Young diagram. In this paper, we review the salient aspects of the integrality properties and tabulate explicitly for an arborescent knot and a link. Read More