High Energy Physics - Theory Publications (50)

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High Energy Physics - Theory Publications

We argue that $isotropic$ scalar fluctuations in solid inflation are adiabatic in the super-horizon limit. During the solid phase this adiabatic mode has peculiar features: constant energy-density slices and comoving slices do not coincide, and their curvatures, parameterized respectively by $\zeta$ and $\mathcal R$, both evolve in time. The existence of this adiabatic mode implies that Maldacena's squeezed limit consistency relation holds after angular average over the long mode. Read More


We consider the Bradlow equation for vortices which was recently found by Manton and find a two-parameter class of analytic solutions in closed form on nontrivial geometries with non-constant curvature. The general solution to our class of metrics is given by a hypergeometric function and the area of the vortex domain by the Gaussian hypergeometric function. Read More


In this paper we study the behavior of the Casimir energy of a "multi-cavity" across the transition from the metallic to the superconducting phase of the constituting plates. Our analysis is carried out in the framework of the ARCHIMEDES experiment, aiming at measuring the interaction of the electromagnetic vacuum energy with a gravitational field. For this purpose it is foreseen to modulate the Casimir energy of a layered structure composing a multy-cavity coupled system by inducing a transition from the metallic to the superconducting phase. Read More


Based on the Effective Field Theory (EFT) of cosmological perturbations, we revisit the nonsingular cosmologices, without using the integral inequality. We clarify the pathology in nonsingular cubic Galileon models and show how to cure it in EFT with new insights into this issue. With a new application of $R^{(3)}\delta g^{00}$ operator, we build a model with a Genesis phase followed by slow-roll inflation. Read More


Defects in field theories break translation invariance, resulting in the non-conservation of the energy-momentum tensor in the directions normal to the defect. This violation is known as the displacement operator. We study 4d ${\cal N}=1$ theories with 3d defects preserving 3d ${\cal N}=1$ supersymmetry by analyzing the embedding of the 3d superspace in the 4d superspace. Read More


The recently proposed coupled scalar tachyon bounce (CSTB) model is a bounce universe model based on Type IIB string theory. We investigate the dynamics of fluctuations across the bounce point and check whether the scale invariance of the spectrum of the primordial density perturbations generated during the phase of matter-dominated contraction is preserved by the bounce. To this end we utilize the AdS/CFT correspondence: we map the fluctuations onto the boundary before the onset of the strongly coupled gravitational interactions in the bulk. Read More


We propose a new holographic dual of conformal field theory defined on a manifold with boundaries, i.e. BCFT. Read More


In this work, we expand the hidden $AdS$-Lorentz superalgebra underlying $D=4$ supergravity, reaching a (hidden) Maxwell superalgebra. The latter can be viewed as an extension involving cosmological constant of the superalgebra underlying $D=4$ supergravity in flat space. We write the Maurer-Cartan equations in this context and we find some interesting extensions of the parametrization of the $3$-form $A^{(3)}$, which appears in the Free Differential Algebra in Minkowski space, in terms of $1$-forms. Read More


Symmetry algebras of Killing vector fields and conformal Killing vectors fields can be extended to Killing-Yano and conformal Killing-Yano superalgebras in constant curvature manifolds. By defining $\mathbb{Z}$-gradations and filtrations of these superalgebras, we show that the second cohomology groups of them are trivial and they cannot be deformed to other Lie superalgebras. This shows the rigidity of Killing-Yano and conformal Killing-Yano superalgebras and reveals the fact that they correspond to geometric invariants of constant curvature manifolds. Read More


In this note we reveal a connection between the phase space of lambda models on $S^{1}\times \mathbb{R}$ and the phase space of double Chern-Simons theories on $D\times \mathbb{R}$ and explain in the process the origin of the non-ultralocality of the Maillet bracket, which emerges as a boundary algebra. In particular, this means that the $AdS_{5}\times S^{5}$ lambda model can be understood as a double Chern-Simons theory defined on the Lie superalgebra $\mathfrak{psu}(2,2|4)$ after a proper dependence of the spectral parameter is introduced. This offers a possibility for avoiding the use of the problematic non-ultralocal Poisson algebras that preclude the introduction of lattice regularizations and the application of the QISM to string sigma models. Read More


We compute the Schur indices in the presence of some line operators based on our con- jectural formula introduced in [1]. In particular, we focus on the rank 1 superconformal field theories with the enhanced global symmetry and the free hypermultiplets with the elementary pants networks defined on the three punctured sphere in the class S context. From the observations on the concrete computations, we propose new kinds of the class S skein relations in the sense that they include the generic puncture non-trivially. Read More


The Abraham-Lorentz force is a finite remnant of the UV singular structure of the self interaction of a point charge with its own field. The satisfactory description of such interaction needs a relativistic regulator. This turns out to be a problematic point because the energy-momentum of relativistic cutoff theories is non-conserved and renders the linear equation of motion, derived traditionally by the help of the conservation laws, unreliable. Read More


We construct the kinetic theory in ($1+2d$)-dimensional phase space and time when all abelian and nonabelian phase-space Berry curvatures are nonzero. Then we calculate anomalous transports induced by the Berry curvatures on the basis of the kinetic theory. As an example, we study anomalous charge and spin transports induced by the SU($2$) Berry curvatures. Read More


We study a class of limits of the higher-dimensional Kerr-NUT-(A)dS spacetimes where particular roots of metric functions degenerate. Namely, we obtain the Taub-NUT-(A)dS and the extreme near-horizon geometries as two examples of our limiting procedure. The symmetries of the resulting spacetimes are enhanced which is manifested by the presence of supplementary Killing vectors and decomposition of Killing tensors into Killing vectors. Read More


We consider gauge invariant cosmological perturbations in UV-modified, z=3 Horava gravity with one scalar matter field, which has been proposed as a renormalizable gravity theory without the ghost problem in four dimensions. In order to exhibit its dynamical degrees of freedom, we consider the Hamiltonian reduction method and find that, by solving "all" the constraint equations, the degrees of freedom are the same as those of Einstein gravity: One scalar and two tensor (graviton) modes when a scalar matter field presents. However, we confirm that there is no extra graviton modes and general relativity is recovered in IR, which achieves the consistency of the model. Read More


We study Coulomb branch moduli spaces of a class of three dimensional $\mathcal{N}=4$ gauge theories whose quiver satisfies the balance condition. The Coulomb branch is described by dressed monopole operators which can be counted using the Monopole formula. We mainly focus on A-type quivers in this paper, using Hilbert Series to study their moduli spaces, and present the interesting pattern which emerges. Read More


We use quantum energy teleportation in the light-matter interaction as an operational means to create quantum field states that violate energy conditions and have negative local stress-energy densities. We show that the protocol is optimal in the sense that it scales in a way that saturates the quantum interest conjecture. Read More


In this contribution, it is our aim to show that the Chern-Simons terms of modified gravity can be understood as generated by the addition of a 3-dimensional algebraic manifold to an initial 11-dimensional space-time manifold; this builds up an 11+3-dimensional space-time. In this system, firstly, some fields living in the bulk join the fields that live on the 11-dimensional manifold, so that the rank of the gauge fields exceeds the dimension of the algebra; consequently, there emerges an anomaly. To solve this problem, another 11-dimensional manifold is included in the 11 +3-dimensional space-time, and it interacts with the initial manifold by exchanging Chern-Simons fields. Read More


Generalising the results in arXiv:1612.00281, we construct infinite-dimensional families of non-singular stationary space times, solutions of Yang-Mills-Higgs-Einstein-Maxwell-Chern-Simons-dilaton-scalar field equations with a negative cosmological constant. The families include an infinite-dimensional family of solutions with the usual AdS conformal structure at conformal infinity. Read More


The holographic complexity is UV divergent. As a finite complexity, we propose a "regularized complexity" by employing a similar method to the holographic renormalization. We add codimension-two boundary counterterms which do not contain any boundary stress tensor information, which means that we subtract only non-dynamic background. Read More


With the formulation of the quantum spectral curve for the AdS5/CFT4 integrable system, it became potentially possible to compute its full spectrum with high efficiency. This is the first paper in a series devoted to the explicit design of such computations, with no restrictions to particular subsectors being imposed. We revisit the representation theoretical classification of possible states in the spectrum and map the symmetry multiplets to solutions of the quantum spectral curve at zero coupling. Read More


The Yang-Baxter $\sigma$-model is an integrable deformation of the principal chiral model on a Lie group $G$. The deformation breaks the $G \times G$ symmetry to $U(1)^{\textrm{rank}(G)} \times G$. It is known that there exist non-local conserved charges which, together with the unbroken $U(1)^{\textrm{rank}(G)}$ local charges, form a Poisson algebra $\mathscr U_q(\mathfrak{g})$, which is the semiclassical limit of the quantum group $U_q(\mathfrak{g})$, with $\mathfrak{g}$ the Lie algebra of $G$. Read More


A bosonization of the quantum affine superalgebra $U_q(\widehat{sl}(M|N))$ is presented for an arbitrary level $k \in {\bf C}$. Screening operators that commute with $U_q(\widehat{sl}(M|N))$ are presented for the level $k \neq -M+N$. Read More


Most available studies of quasi-normal modes for Lifshitz black solutions are limited to the neutral scalar perturbations. In this paper, we investigate the wave dynamics of massive charged scalar perturbation in the background of $(3+1)$-dimensional charged dilaton Lifshitz black branes/holes. We disclose the dependence of the quasi-normal modes on the model parameters, such as the Lifshitz exponent $z$, the mass and charge of the scalar perturbation field and the charge of the Lifshitz configuration. Read More


We renormalize the six dimensional cubic theory with an $O(N)$ $\times$ $O(m)$ symmetry at three loops in the modified minimal subtraction (MSbar) scheme. The theory lies in the same universality class as the four dimensional Landau-Ginzburg-Wilson model. As a check we show that the critical exponents derived from the three loop renormalization group functions at the Wilson-Fisher fixed point are in agreement with the large $N$ $d$-dimensional critical exponents of the underlying universal theory. Read More


We examine the marginal deformations of double-trace type in 3d supersymmetric U(N) model with N complex free bosons and fermions. We compute the anomalous dimensions of higher spin currents to the 1/N order but to all orders in the deformation parameters by mainly applying the conformal perturbation theory. The 3d field theory is supposed to be dual to 4d supersymmetric Vasiliev theory, and the marginal deformations are argued to correspond to modifying boundary conditions for bulk scalars and fermions. Read More


In this letter, we consider dark matter annihilation in the gravitational field of noncommutative black holes. At final stage of evaporation, we hypothesize the existence of a thermal equilibrium state composed of a burning black hole relics fueled by dark matter accretion. Read More


The BPS spectrum of string theory on AdS$_3\times {\rm S}^3 \times {\rm S}^3 \times {\rm S}^1$ is determined using a world-sheet description in terms of WZW models. It is found that the theory only has BPS states with $j^+ = j^-$ where $j^{\pm}$ refer to the spins of the $\mathfrak{su}(2)$ algebras of the large ${\cal N}=4$ superconformal algebra. We then re-examine the BPS spectrum of the corresponding supergravity and find that, in contradistinction to previous claims in the literature, also in supergravity only the states with $j^+=j^-$ are BPS. Read More


We investigate the phase structure of QCD with 3 degenerate quark flavors as function of the degenerate quark masses at vanishing baryon number density. We use the Highly Improved Staggered Quarks on lattices with temporal extent $N_{t}=6$ and perform calculations for six values of quark masses, which in the continuum limit correspond to pion masses in the range $80~{\rm MeV} \lesssim m_{\pi} \lesssim 230~$MeV. By analyzing the volume and temperature dependence of the chiral condensate and chiral susceptibility we find no direct evidence for a first order phase transition in this range of pion mass values. Read More


We perform a resurgence analysis of the $SU(2)$ Chern-Simons partition function on a Brieksorn homology sphere $\Sigma(2,5,7)$. Starting from an exact Chern-Simons partition function, we study the Borel resummation of its perturbative expansion. Read More


We study junctions of Wilson lines in refined SU(N) Chern-Simons theory and their local relations. We focus on junctions of Wilson lines in antisymmetric and symmetric powers of the fundamental representation and propose a set of local relations which realize one-parameter deformations of quantum groups $\dot{U}_{q}(\mathfrak{sl}_{m})$ and $\dot{U}_{q}(\mathfrak{sl}_{n|m})$. Read More


We derive the protected closed-string spectra of AdS3/CFT2 dual pairs with 16 supercharges at arbitrary values of the string tension and of the three-form fluxes. These follow immediately from the all-loop Bethe equations for the spectra of the integrable worldsheet theories. Further, representing the underlying integrable systems as spin chains, we find that their dynamics involves length-changing interactions and that protected states correspond to gapless excitations above the Berenstein-Maldacena-Nastase vacuum. Read More


We investigate numerically several proxy measures for the number of states contained within the holographic entropy cone, compared to the number contained within the quantum entropy cone, for states with $3$ and $4$ parties. We find an interesting tension: while measures focused on calculating the volume ratios between the two cones indicate that the quantum cone is much larger than the holographic one, measures based on the generation of random states and then calculating the entropies thereof imply that almost all such randomly generated states are also contained within the holographic entropy cone. Also interestingly, the volume measures strongly indicate a difference in the number of states within the quantum or stabiliser cones versus the number in the holographic cone, which is not reproduced by the other classes of measures. Read More


In a recent paper (arXiv:1612.00266), we reported the results of the first search for echoes from Planck-scale modifications of general relativity near black hole event horizons using the public data release by the Advanced LIGO gravitational wave observatory. While we found tentative evidence (at $\simeq 3 \sigma$ level) for the presence of these echoes, our statistical methodology was challenged by Ashton, et al. Read More


We analyze time evolution of a spherically-symmetric collapsing matter from a point of view that black holes evaporate by nature. We consider conformal matters and solve the semi-classical Einstein equation $G_{\mu\nu}=8\pi G \langle T_{\mu\nu} \rangle$ by using the 4-dimensional Weyl anomaly with a large $c$ coefficient. Here $\langle T_{\mu\nu} \rangle$ contains the contribution from both the collapsing matter and Hawking radiation. Read More


We explore the possibility of detecting an entangled pair of cosmic microwave background (CMB) photons from casually disconnected patches of the sky or other cosmological sources. The measurement uses the standard HBT intensity interferometer with the polarizer orientations for the two detectors chosen as in a Bell inequality experiment. However, unless the angle between the two sources is large such that entanglement is less likely, the entanglement signal is contaminated with un-entangled background which makes it hard to isolate the signal. Read More


Despite the wealth of $Planck$ results, there are difficulties in disentangling the primordial non-Gaussianity of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) from the secondary and the foreground non-Gaussianity (NG). For each of these forms of NG the lack of complete data introduces model-dependencies. Aiming at detecting the NGs of the CMB temperature anisotropy $\delta T$, while paying particular attention to a model-independent quantification of NGs, our analysis is based upon statistical and morphological univariate descriptors, respectively: the probability density function $P(\delta T)$, related to $v_{0}$, the first Minkowski Functional (MF), and the two other MFs, $v_{1}$ and $v_{2}$. Read More


We outline a novel chiral kinetic theory framework for systematic computations of the Chiral Magnetic Effect (CME) in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions. The real part of the fermion determinant in the QCD effective action is expressed as a supersymmetric world-line action of spinning, colored, Grassmanian point particles in background gauge fields, with equations of motion that are covariant generalizations of the Bargmann-Michel-Telegdi and Wong equations. Berry's phase is obtained in a consistent non-relativistic adiabatic limit. Read More


A personal recollection of events that preceded the construction of Supergravity and of some subsequent developments. Read More


The ratio of (pseudo)rapidity density of transverse energy and the (pseudo)rapidity density of charged particles, which is a measure of the mean transverse energy per particle, is an important observable in high energy heavy-ion collisions, which reveals about the mechanism of particle production and the freeze-out criteria. Its collision energy and centrality dependence is exactly like the chemical freeze-out temperature till top RHIC energy. The LHC measurement at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 2. Read More


We perform a series of dimensional reductions of the 6d, $\mathcal{N}=(2,0)$ SCFT on $S^2\times\Sigma\times I\times S^1$ down to 2d on $\Sigma$. The reductions are performed in three steps: (i) a reduction on $S^1$ (accompanied by a topological twist along $\Sigma$) leading to a supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory on $S^2\times\Sigma\times I$, (ii) a further reduction on $S^2$ resulting in a complex Chern--Simons theory defined on $\Sigma\times I$, with the real part of the complex Chern-Simons level being zero, and the imaginary part being proportional to the ratio of the radii of $S^2$ and $S^1$, and (iii) a final reduction to the boundary modes of complex Chern--Simons theory with the Nahm pole boundary condition at both ends of the interval $I$, which gives rise to a complex Toda CFT on the Riemann surface $\Sigma$. As the reduction of the 6d theory on $\Sigma$ would give rise to an $\mathcal{N}=2$ supersymmetric theory on $S^2\times I\times S^1$, our results imply a 4d-2d duality between four-dimensional $\mathcal{N}=2$ supersymmetric theory with boundary and two-dimensional complex Toda theory. Read More


We examine dense self-gravitating stellar systems dominated by a central potential, such as nuclear star clusters hosting a central supermassive black hole. Different dynamical properties of these systems evolve on vastly different timescales. In particular, the orbital-plane orientations are typically driven into internal thermodynamic equilibrium by vector resonant relaxation before the orbital eccentricities or semimajor axes relax. Read More


The effect of the Gribov horizon in Euclidean $SU(2)$ gauge theory is studied. Gauge fields on the Gribov horizon yield zero modes of ghosts and anti-ghosts. We show these zero modes can produce additional ghost interactions, and the Landau gauge changes to a nonlinear gauge effectively. Read More


We consider the $SU(2)$ gauge theory with $N_f=2$ flavors of Dirac fundamental fermions. We study the high-temperature behavior of the spectra of mesons, discretizing the theory on anisotropic lattices, and measuring the two-point correlation functions in the temporal direction as well as screening masses in various channels. We identify the (pseudo-)critical temperature as the temperature at which the susceptibility associated with the Polyakov loop has a maximum. Read More


Recent studies have presented the interpretation of thermodynamic enthalpy for the mass of BTZ black holes and the corresponding Smarr formula. All these are made in the background of three-dimensional (3D) general relativity. In this paper, we extend such interpretation into general 3D gravity models. Read More


A novel method for deriving energy conditions in stable field theories is described. In a local classical theory with one spatial dimension, a local energy condition always exists. For a relativistic field theory, one obtains the dominant energy condition. Read More


We study three-dimensional $\mathcal{N}=2$ supersymmetric gauge theories on $\mathcal{M}_{g,p}$, an oriented circle bundle of degree $p$ over a closed Riemann surface, $\Sigma_g$. We compute the $\mathcal{M}_{g,p}$ supersymmetric partition function and correlation functions of supersymmetric loop operators. This uncovers interesting relations between observables on manifolds of different topologies. Read More


We formulate a two-parameter generalization of the geometric Langlands correspondence, which we prove for all simply-laced Lie algebras. It identifies the q-conformal blocks of the quantum affine algebra and the deformed W-algebra associated to two Langlands dual Lie algebras. Our proof relies on recent results in quantum K-theory of the Nakajima quiver varieties. Read More


Quantum tunneling of the ground and first excited states in a quantum superposition driven by a novel analytical configuration of a double-well (DW) potential is investigated. Symmetric and asymmetric potentials are considered as to support quantum mechanical zero mode and first excited state analytical solutions. Reporting about a symmetry breaking that supports the quantum conversion of a zero-mode stable vacuum into an unstable tachyonic quantum state, two inequivalent topological scenarios are supposed to drive stable tunneling and coherent tunneling destruction respectively. Read More


We study minimal co-dimension-2 surfaces in the asymptotically flat background of extremal 3-brane solutions in ten-dimensional type IIB supergravity. A conjectured open-closed string duality combined with the Ryu-Takayanagi prescription implies that the area of the surfaces we consider could be interpreted as the entanglement entropy of a dual (3+1)-dimensional large-N, strongly-coupled open string field theory on D3-branes. As the size of the surface is varied we observe a transition from a volume law to an area law in agreement with expectations from non-locality in an open string field theory. Read More