High Energy Physics - Theory Publications (50)

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High Energy Physics - Theory Publications

A general principle of statistical mechanics is that low energy excitations of a thermal state change expectation values of observables by a very small amount. However some observables in the vicinity of the horizon of a large black hole in anti-de Sitter space naively seem to violate this bound. This potential violation is related to the question of whether the black hole interior can be described in AdS/CFT. Read More


We compute the spectrum of the tensor and scalar bound states along the baryonic branch of the Klebanov-Strassler (KS) field theory. We exploit the dual gravity description in terms of the 1-parameter family of regular background solutions of type-IIB supergravity that interpolate between the KS background and the Maldacena-Nunez one (CVMN). We make use of the five-dimensional consistent truncation on T^{1,1} corresponding to the Papadopoulos-Tseytlin ansatz, and adopt a gauge invariant formalism in the treatment of the fluctuations, that we interpret in terms of bound states of the field theory. Read More


We have investigated the spin interaction and the gravitational radiation thermally allowed in a head-on collision of two rotating Hayward black holes. The Hayward black hole is a regular black hole in the modified Einstein equation, so this can be an appropriate model to describe how much the quantum effect near the horizon affects the interaction and the radiation. If one of the black holes is assumed to be much smaller than the other one, the potential of the spin interaction can be analytically obtained and is dependent on the alignment of angular momenta of the black holes. Read More


We set up a tree-level six point scattering process in which two strings are separated longitudinally such that they could only interact directly via a non-local spreading effect such as that predicted by light cone gauge calculations and the Gross-Mende saddle point. One string, the `detector', is produced at a finite time with energy $E$ by an auxiliary $2\to 2$ sub-process, with kinematics such that it has sufficient resolution to detect the longitudinal spreading of an additional incoming string, the `source'. We test this hypothesis in a gauge-invariant S-matrix calculation convolved with an appropriate wavepacket peaked at a separation $X$ between the central trajectories of the source and produced detector. Read More


We put forward a new proposal for generating the baryon asymmetry of the universe by making use of the dynamics of a $\mathrm{U}(1)$ scalar field coupled to dark matter. High dark matter densities cause the $\mathrm{U}(1)$ symmetry to break spontaneously so that the field acquires a large vacuum expectation value. The symmetry is restored when the density redshifts below a critical value, resulting in the coherent oscillation of the scalar field. Read More


We construct four-center bubbled BPS solutions with a Gibbons-Hawking base space. We give a systematic procedure to build scaling solutions: starting from three-supertube configurations and using generalized spectral flows and gauge transformations to extend to solutions with four Gibbons-Hawking centers. This allows us to construct very large families of smooth horizonless solutions that have the same charges and angular momentum as supersymmetric black holes with a macroscopically large horizon area. Read More


The M$_k$ models for 1D lattice fermions are characterised by ${\cal N}=2$ supersymmetry and by an order-$k$ clustering property. This paper highlights connections with quantum field theories (QFTs) in various regimes. At criticality the QFTs are minimal models of ${\cal N}=2$ supersymmetric conformal field theory (CFT) - we analyse finite size spectra on open chains with a variety of supersymmetry preserving boundary conditions. Read More


In this paper we construct explicit smooth solutions to the Strominger system on generalized Calabi-Gray manifolds, which are compact non-K\"ahler Calabi-Yau 3-folds with infinitely many distinct topological types and sets of Hodge numbers. Read More


Inspired by the recent "Complexity = Action" conjecture, we use the approach proposed by Lehner et al. to calculate the rate of the action of the WheelerDeWitt patch at late times for static uncharged and charged black holes in $f\left( R\right) $ gravity. Our results have the same expressions in terms of the mass, charge, and electrical potentials at the horizons of black holes as in Einstein's gravity. Read More


Quantum gravitational effects in black hole spacetimes with a cosmological constant $\Lambda$ are considered. The effective quantum spacetimes for the black holes are constructed by taking into account the renormalization group improvement of classical solutions obtained in the framework of Unimodular Gravity (a theory which is identical to General Relativity at a classical level). This allows us to avoid the usual divergences associated with the presence of a running $\Lambda$. Read More


We discuss some physical prospective of non-BPS effective actions of type IIA,IIB superstring theories. Dealing with entire all four and five point functions, including a closed string Ramond-Ramond (in terms of both its field strength and its potential ), gauge fields, scalar fields as well as a real tachyon, leads us to various restricted world volume and bulk Bianchi identities, due to the underlying symmetry structures. The entire non-BPS amplitudes and some aspects of non-BPS scattering amplitudes including their Chan-Paton factors are elaborated. Read More


In string-derived supergravity theory, K\"{a}hler metric of chiral matter fields often has a pole. Such K\"{a}hler metric is interesting from the viewpoint of the framework of the pole inflation, where the scalar potential can be stretched out to be flat around the pole for a canonically normalized field and inflation can be realized. However, when K\"{a}hler metric has a pole, the scalar potential can also have a pole at the same point in supergravity theory. Read More


In this note we continue analysing the non-equilibrium dynamics in the $(T^2)^n/\mathbb{Z}_n$ orbifold conformal field theory. We compute the out-of-time-ordered four-point correlators with twist operators. For rational $\eta \ (=p/q)$ which is the square of the compactification radius, we find that the correlators approach non-trivial constants at late time. Read More


Einstein's weak equivalence principle (WEP) states that any freely falling, uncharged test particle follows the same identical trajectory independent of its internal structure and composition. Since the polarization of a photon is considered to be part of its internal structure, we propose that polarized photons from astrophysical transients, such as gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) and fast radio bursts (FRBs), can be used to constrain the accuracy of the WEP through the Shapiro time delay effect. Assuming that the arrival time delays of photons with different polarizations are mainly attributed to the gravitational potential of the Laniakea supercluster of galaxies, we show that a strict upper limit on the differences of the parametrized post-Newtonian parameter $\gamma$ value for the polarized optical emission of GRB 120308A is $\Delta\gamma<1. Read More


We show that for non-relativistic free particles, the (bosonic) many particle equations can be rewritten in geometric fashion in terms of a classical theory of conformally stretched spacetime. We further generalize the results for the particles subject to a potential. Read More


We derive recursive representations in the internal weights of N-point Virasoro conformal blocks in the sphere linear channel and the torus necklace channel, and recursive representations in the central charge of arbitrary Virasoro conformal blocks on the sphere, the torus, and higher genus Riemann surfaces in the plumbing frame. Read More


We analyse the behaviour of the MacDowell-Mansouri action with internal symmetry group $\mathrm{SO}(4,1)$ under the covariant Hamiltonian formulation. The field equations, known in this formalism as the De Donder-Weyl equations, are obtained by means of the graded Poisson-Gerstenhaber bracket structure present within the covariant formulation. The decomposition of the internal algebra $\mathfrak{so}(4,1)\simeq\mathfrak{so}(3,1)\oplus\mathbb{R}^{3,1}$ allows the symmetry breaking $\mathrm{SO}(4,1)\to\mathrm{SO}(3,1)$, which reduces the original action to the Palatini action without the topological term. Read More


We investigate a stress-energy tensor for a CFT at strong coupling inside a small five-dimensional rotating Myers-Perry black hole with equal angular momenta by using the holographic method. As a gravitational dual, we perturbatively construct a black droplet solution by applying the "derivative expansion" method, generalizing the work of Haddad (arXiv:1207.2305), and analytically compute the holographic stress-energy tensor for our solution. Read More


We study three computer algebra systems, namely SageMath (with SageManifolds package), Maxima (with ctensor package) and Python language (with GraviPy module), which allow tensor manipulation for general relativity calculations. We present simple examples and give a benchmark of these systems. After the general analysis, we focus on the SageMath+SageManifolds system to analyze and visualize the solutions of the massless Klein-Gordon equation and geodesic motion with Hamilton-Jacobi formalism. Read More


String theory models of axion monodromy inflation exhibit scalar potentials which are quadratic for small values of the inflaton field and evolve to a more complicated function for large field values. Oftentimes the large field behaviour is gentler than quadratic, lowering the tensor-to-scalar ratio. This effect, known as flattening, has been observed in the string theory context through the properties of the DBI+CS D-brane action. Read More


We chart the breakdown of semiclassical gravity by analyzing the Virasoro conformal blocks to high numerical precision, focusing on the heavy-light limit corresponding to a light probe propagating in a BTZ black hole background. In the Lorentzian regime, we find empirically that the initial exponential time-dependence of the blocks transitions to a universal $t^{-\frac{3}{2}}$ power-law decay. For the vacuum block the transition occurs at $t \approx \frac{\pi c}{6 h_L}$, confirming analytic predictions. Read More


We construct a model in which the cosmological constant is canceled from the gravitational equations of motion. Our model relies on two key ingredients: a nonlocal constraint on the action, which forces the spacetime average of the Lagrangian density to vanish, and a dynamical way for this condition to be satisfied classically with arbitrary matter content. We implement the former condition with a spatially-constant Lagrange multiplier associated with the volume form and the latter by including a free four-form gauge field strength in the action. Read More


Weyl semimetals (WSMs) have recently attracted a great deal of attention as they provide condensed matter realization of chiral anomaly, feature topologically protected Fermi arc surface states and sustain sharp chiral Weyl quasiparticles up to a critical disorder at which the system undergoes a quantum phase transition (QPT) into a metallic phase. However, the fate of the Fermi arc states has remained unexplored at the transition. We here numerically demonstrate the evolution of Fermi arcs against gradual onset of randomness and establish a bulk-boundary correspondence across this QPT. Read More


We renormalize various scalar field theories with a $\phi^n$ self interaction such as $n$ $=$ $5$, $7$ and $9$ in their respective critical dimensions which are non-integer. The renormalization group functions for the $O(N)$ symmetric extensions are also computed. Read More


We extend our previous analysis of holographic heavy ion collisions in non-conformal theories. We provide a detailed description of our numerical code. We study collisions at different energies in gauge theories with different degrees of non-conformality. Read More


A new type of gauged BPS baby Skyrme model is presented, where the derivative term is just the Schroers current (i.e., gauge invariant and conserved version of the topological current) squared. Read More


We construct regular stationary axially-symmetric solutions with intrinsic mass scale parameter and zero spin in a pure quantum chromodynamics (QCD). There is a special class of solutions which can be treated as a system of static colored monopoles interacting to dynamical off-diagonal gluons. We show that such classical solutions describe vacuum monopole-antimonopole pair condensate which is stable against quantum gluon fluctuations in the smallest vicinity of each space-time point. Read More


In this paper we investigate the problem of ordinary baryonic matter accretion onto the noncommutative geometry inspired Schwarzschild black hole. The fundamental equations governing the spherically symmetric steady state matter accretion are deduced. These equations are seen to be modified due to the presence of noncommutativity. Read More


In a model of the late-time cosmic acceleration within the framework of generalized Proca theories, there exists a de Sitter attractor preceded by the dark energy equation of state $w_{\rm DE}=-1-s$, where $s$ is a positive constant. We run the Markov-Chain-Monte-Carlo code to confront the model with the observational data of Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB), baryon acoustic oscillations, supernovae type Ia, and local measurements of the Hubble expansion rate for the background cosmological solutions and obtain the bound $s=0.254^{{}+ 0. Read More


The direct detection of gravitational waves opens new perspectives for measuring properties of gravitationally bound compact objects. It is then important to investigate black holes and neutron stars in alternative theories of gravity, since they can have features that make them observationally distinguishable from their General Relativity (GR) counterparts. In this work, we examine a special case of vector Galileons, a vector-tensor theory of gravity with interesting cosmological properties, which consists of a one parameter modification of the Einstein-Maxwell action. Read More


Mixing transformations for a uniformly accelerated observer (Rindler observer) are analyzed within the quantum field theory framework as a basis for investigating gravitational effects on flavor oscillations. In particular, the case of two charged boson fields with different masses is discussed. In spite of such a minimal setting, the standard Unruh radiation is found to loose its characteristic thermal interpretation due to the interplay between the Bogolubov transformation hiding in field mixing and the one arising from the Rindler spacetime structure. Read More


The contribution contains the preface to the Proceedings to the 19th Workshop "What Comes Beyond the Standard Models", Bled, July 11 - 19, 2016, published in Bled workshops in physics, Vol.17, No. 2, DMFA-Zaloznistvo, Ljubljana, Dec. Read More


Using the approach based on conformal symmetry we calculate the three-loop (NNLO) contribution to the evolution equation for flavor-nonsinglet leading twist operators in the $\overline{\text{MS}}$ scheme. The explicit expression for the three-loop kernel is derived for the corresponding light-ray operator in coordinate space. The expansion in local operators is performed and explicit results are given for the matrix of the anomalous dimensions for the operators up to seven covariant derivatives. Read More


We show that the realizations of noncommutative coordinates that are linear in the Lorentz generators form a closed Lie algebra under certain conditions. The star product and the coproduct for the momentum generators are obtained for these Lie algebras and the corresponding twist satisfies the cocycle and normalization conditions. We also obtain the twisted flip operator and the $\mathcal R$-matrix that define the statistics of particles or quantum fields propagating in these noncommutative spacetimes. Read More


I will briefly discuss three cosmological models built upon three distinct quantum gravity proposals. I will first highlight the cosmological role of a vector field in the framework of a string/brane cosmological model. I will then present the resolution of the big bang singularity and the occurrence of an early era of accelerated expansion of a geometric origin, in the framework of group field theory condensate cosmology. Read More


The out-of-time-order correlator (OTOC) is considered as a measure of quantum chaos. We formulate how to calculate the OTOC for quantum mechanics with a general Hamiltonian. We demonstrate explicit calculations of OTOCs for a harmonic oscillator, a particle in a one-dimensional box, a circle billiard and stadium billiards. Read More


We study collapse of evaporating spherically-symmetric thin dust shells and dust balls assuming that quantum effects are encapsulated in a spherically-symmetric metric that satisfied mild regularity conditions. The evaporation may accelerate collapse, but for a generic metric the Schwarzschild radius is not crossed. Instead the shell (or the layer in the ball of dust) is always at a certain sub-Planckian distance from it. Read More


In this paper, we treat a quantum recipe concluding a classical interaction of light and a massive object such as the sun. we use the linear quantum gravity to compute the classical potential of a photon interacting with a massive scalar. The leading terms have a traditional $1/r$ subordinate, and demonstrate a polarization-dependent behavior. Read More


In applications of Einstein gravity one replaces the quantum-mechanical energy-momentum tensor of sources such as the degenerate electrons in a white dwarf or the black-body photons in the microwave background by c-number matrix elements. And not only that, one ignores the zero-point fluctuations in these sources by only retaining the normal-ordered parts of those matrix elements. There is no apparent justification for this procedure, and we show that it is precisely this procedure that leads to the cosmological constant problem. Read More


We present a solution to the decompactification problem of gauge thresholds in chiral heterotic string theories with two large extra dimensions, where supersymmetry is spontaneously broken by the Scherk-Schwarz mechanism. Whenever the Kaluza-Klein scale is much lower than the string scale, the infinite towers of heavy states contribute non-trivially to the renormalisation of gauge couplings, which typically grow linearly with the large volume of the internal space and invalidate perturbation theory. We trace the origin of the decompactification problem to properties of the six dimensional theory obtained in the infinite volume limit and show that thresholds may instead exhibit logarithmic volume dependence and we provide the conditions for this to occur. Read More


By far cosmology is one of the most exciting subject to study, even more so with the current bulk of observations we have at hand. These observations might indicate different kinds of doomsdays, if dark energy follows certain patterns. Two of these doomsdays are the Little Rip (LR) and Little Sibling of the Big Rip (LSBR). Read More


In a wide class of cosmological models, a positive cosmological constant drives cosmological evolution toward an asymptotically de Sitter phase. Here we connect this behavior to the increase of entropy over time, based on the idea that de Sitter space is a maximum-entropy state. We prove a cosmic no-hair theorem for Robertson-Walker and Bianchi I spacetimes by assuming that the generalized entropy of a Q-screen ("quantum" holographic screen), in the sense of the cosmological version of the Generalized Second Law conjectured by Bousso and Engelhardt, increases up to a finite maximum value, which we show coincides with the de Sitter horizon entropy. Read More


M2 branes probing T-brane backgrounds in M-theory with ADE surface singularities perceive deformations on their worldvolume superpotentials by monopole operators. The dynamics and moduli spaces of the resulting theories can be studied using a dual description involving conventional superpotential terms and (the dimensional reduction of) class S trinion theories. By using the S-dual description of N=2 SU(N) SQCD with 2N flavors in four dimensions, we are able to study T-branes corresponding to all minimal nilpotent orbits for the whole ADE series. Read More


In a full theory of quantum gravity, local physics is expected to be approximate rather than innate. It is therefore important to understand how approximate locality emerges in the semiclassical limit. Here we show that any notion of locality emergent from a holographic theory of quantum gravity is "all or nothing": local data is not obtained gradually from subregions of the boundary, but is rather obtained all at once when enough of the boundary is accessed. Read More


It has recently been shown that a set of the generalized type IIB supergravity equations follows from the requirement of the kappa-symmetry of the type IIB Green-Schwarz superstring theory defined on an arbitrary background. In this paper, we show that the whole bosonic part of the generalized type II supergravity equations can be reproduced from the T-duality covariant equations of motion of the double field theory by choosing a non-standard solution of the strong constraint. Then, by using the doubled formalism, we show the Weyl invariance of the bosonic string sigma model on a generalized gravity background. Read More


We calculate the spectrum of scalar and tensor glueballs on the baryonic branch of the Klebanov-Strassler field theory by making use of its dual gravity description, hence providing a rigorous example of a strongly-coupled, multi-scale system that yields a parametrically light mass for one of the composite scalar particles: the dilaton. We briefly discuss the potential of such system towards finding a satisfactory solution to both the big and little hierarchy problems of the electro-weak theory. Read More


The Sauter-Schwinger effect predicts the creation of electron-positron pairs out of the quantum vacuum by a strong and slowly varying electric field. This effect can be dynamically assisted by an additional weaker time-dependent field, which may drastically enhance the pair-creation probability. In previous studies, it has been found that the enhancement may crucially depend on the temporal shape of this weaker pulse, e. Read More


We study confinement-deconfinement phase transition in a holographic soft-wall QCD model. By solving the Einstein-Maxwell-scalar system analytically, we obtain the phase structure of the black hole backgrounds. We then impose probe open strings in such background to investigate the confinement-deconfinement phase transition from different open string configurations under various temperatures and chemical potentials. Read More


We derive the trace and diffeomorphism anomalies of the Schr\"odinger field on the Newton-Cartan background in $2+1$ dimensions using Fujikawa's approach. The resulting trace anomaly contains terms which have the form of the $1+1$ and $3+1$ dimensional relativistic anomalies. We further determine the coefficients in this case and demonstrate that gravitational anomalies for this theory always arise in odd dimensions. Read More


This is a review of the results on black hole physics in the framework of loop quantum gravity. The key feature underlying the results is the discreteness of geometric quantities at the Planck scale predicted by this approach to quantum gravity. Quantum discreteness follows directly from the canonical quantization prescription when applied to the action of general relativity that is suitable for the coupling of gravity with gauge fields and specially with Fermions. Read More