High Energy Physics - Phenomenology Publications (50)

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High Energy Physics - Phenomenology Publications

We compute the two-loop master integrals required for the leading QCD corrections to the interaction vertex of a massive neutral boson $X^0$, e.g. $H,Z$ or $\gamma^{*}$, with a pair of $W$ bosons, mediated by a $SU(2)_L$ quark doublet composed of one massive and one massless flavor. Read More


Magnetic field is unstable in a medium with time-independent chiral conductivity. Owing to the chiral anomaly, the electromagnetic field and the medium exchange helicity which results in time-evolution of the chiral conductivity. Using the fastest growing momentum and helicity state of the vector potential as an ansatz, the time-evolution of the chiral conductivity and magnetic field is solved analytically. Read More


In this review a first comprehensive study of azimuthal asymmetries in semi-inclusive deep inelastic muoproduction of hadron pairs off longitudinally polarized protons at COMPASS is presented. The study is based on data taken in 2007 and 2011, obtained by impinging a high-energetic $\mu^+$ beam of $160$ GeV/$\it{c}$, respectively $200$ GeV/$\it{c}$, momentum on a solid ammonia target. The discussion is focused on both leading and subleading longitudinal target-spin-dependent asymmetries arising in the di-hadron SIDIS cross section, addressing the role of spin-orbit couplings and quark-gluon correlations in the framework of collinear or transverse momentum dependent factorization. Read More


Cross-section distributions are calculated for the reaction $e^+ e^- \rightarrow J/\psi\rightarrow \bar{\Lambda}(\rightarrow \bar{p}\pi^-) \Lambda(\rightarrow p\pi^+)$, and the related reaction mediated by the $\psi(2S)$ meson. The hyperon-decay distribution depend on a number of structure functions that are bilinear in the, possibly complex, psionic form factors $G_E(P^2)$ and $G_M(P^2)$ of the $\Lambda$ hyperon. The magnitudes and phases of these form factors can be uniquely determined from the unpolarized joint-decay distributions of $\Lambda$ and $\bar{\Lambda}$ hyperons. Read More


Vector boson-tagged jet production in collisions of heavy nuclei opens new opportunities to study parton shower formation and propagation in strongly interacting matter. It has been argued to provide a golden channel that can constrain the energy loss of jets in the quark-gluon plasma created in heavy ion reactions. We present theoretical results for isolated photon-tagged and $Z^0$ boson-tagged jet production in Pb+Pb collisions with $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 5. Read More


The $P'_5$ and $R_K$ anomalies, recently observed by the LHCb collaboration in $B \to K^{(*)}$ transitions, may indicate the existence of a new $Z'$ boson, which may arise from gauged $L_\mu - L_\tau$ symmetry. Flavor-changing neutral current $Z'$ couplings, such as $tcZ'$, can be induced by the presence of extra vector-like quarks. In this paper we study the LHC signatures of the induced right-handed $tcZ'$ coupling that is inspired by, but not directly linked to, the $B \to K^{(*)}$ anomalies. Read More


The neutrino sector of a seesaw-extended Standard Model is investigated under the anarchy hypothesis. The previously derived probability density functions for neutrino masses and mixings, which characterize the type I-III seesaw ensemble of $N\times N$ complex random matrices, are used to extract information on the relevant physical parameters. For $N=2$ and $N=3$, the distributions of the light neutrino masses, as well as the mixing angles and phases, are obtained using numerical integration methods. Read More


We investigate single- and double-$h$, the discovered Standard Model (SM)-like Higgs boson, production at future $e^+e^-$ colliders in Composite 2-Higgs Doublet Models (C2HDMs) and Elementary 2-Higgs Doublet Models (E2HDMs) with a softly-broken $Z_2$ symmetry. We first survey their parameter spaces allowed by theoretical bounds from perturbative unitarity and vacuum stability as well as by future data at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) with an integrated luminosity up to 3000 fb$^{-1}$ under the assumption that no new Higgs boson is detected. We then discuss how different the cross sections can be between the two scenarios when $\kappa_V^{}$, the $hVV$ ($V=W^\pm,Z$) coupling normalised to the SM value, is taken to be the same value in the both scenario We find that if $\kappa_V^2$ is found to be, e. Read More


We analyse the recent hints of Lepton Flavor Universality violations in semi-leptonic $B$ decays within a general EFT based on a $U(2)^n$ flavor symmetry acting on the light generations of SM fermions. We analyse in particular the consistency of these anomalies with the tight constraints on various low-energy observables in $B$ and $\tau$ physics. We show that, with a moderate fine-tuning, a consistent picture for all low-energy observables can be obtained under the additional dynamical assumption that the NP sector is coupled preferentially to third generation SM fermions. Read More


We revisit the singlet-doublet dark matter model with a special emphasis on the CP violation effect on the dark matter phenomenology. The CP violation in the dark sector induces a pseudoscalar interaction of a fermionic dark matter candidate with the SM Higgs boson. The pseudoscalar interaction helps the dark matter candidate evade the strong constraints from the dark matter direct detection experiments. Read More


The first collisions of lead nuclei, delivered by the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at the end of 2010, at a centre-of-mass energy per nucleon pair $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 2.76 TeV, marked the beginning of a new era in ultra-relativistic heavy-ion physics. Following the Run 1 period, LHC also successfully delivered PbPb collisions at the collision energy $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 5. Read More


The first collisions of lead nuclei, delivered by the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at the end of 2010, at a centre-of-mass energy per nucleon pair $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 2.76 TeV, marked the beginning of a new era in ultra-relativistic heavy-ion physics. The study of the properties of the produced hot and dense strongly-interacting matter at these unprecedented energies is currently experimentally pursued by all four big LHC experiments, ALICE, ATLAS, CMS, and LHCb. Read More


We show the important role played by the $\pi\Delta(1232)$ channel in the build up of the $N(1700)(3/2^-)$ resonance due to the non-trivial enhancement produced by a singularity of a triangular loop. The $N(1700)$ is one of the dynamically generated resonances produced by the coupled channel vector-baryon interaction. The $\pi\Delta$ channel was neglected in previous works but we show that it has to be incorporated into the coupled channel formalism due to an enhancement produced by a singularity in the triangular loop with $\rho$, nucleon and $\pi$ as internal loop lines and $\pi$ and $\Delta$ as external ones. Read More


The signature of heavy fermionic triplets ($\Sigma$) arising in scenarios like Type III seesaw model are probed through their direct production and subsequent decay at high energy electron-positron collider. Unlike the case of LHC, the production process is directly proportional to the mixing parameter ($V_{e,\mu}$), making the leptonic collider unique to probe such mixing. We have established, that with suitably chosen kinematic cuts, a 1 TeV $e^+e^-$ collider could probe the presence of $\Sigma$ of mass in the range of 500 GeV with $V_e=0. Read More


2017Feb
Affiliations: 1Univ. Paris-Sud, Orsay, 2ICRR, University of Tokyo, 3Universite Libre de Bruxelles

Ultra-high energy cosmic rays (UHECRs) are particles, likely protons and/or nuclei, with energies up to $10^{20}$ eV that are observed through the giant air showers they produce in the atmosphere. These particles carry the information on the most extreme phenomena in the Universe. At these energies, even charged particles could be magnetically rigid enough to keep track of, or even point directly to, the original positions of their sources on the sky. Read More


Prediction of $Z\rightarrow l^{+}l^{-}$ production cross section (where $l^{\pm} =e^{\pm},\mu^{\pm}$) in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$=14 TeV is estimated up to next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO) in perturbative QCD including next-to-leading order (NLO) electroweak (EW) corrections. The total inclusive Z boson production cross section times leptonic branching ratio, within the invariant mass window $66Read More


Multiplicity distributions of charged particles produced in the e^{+}e^{-} collisions at energies ranging from 14 to 91 GeV are studied using Tsallis q-statistics and the recently proposed Weibull distribution functions, in both restricted rapidity windows as well as in full phase space. It is shown that Tsallis $q$-statistics explains the data excellently in all rapidity ranges while the Weibull distribution fails to reproduce the data in full phase space. Modifications to the distributions are proposed to establish manifold improvements in the fitting of the data. Read More


The photoproduction of doubly heavy baryon, $\Xi_{cc}$, $\Xi_{bc}$ and $\Xi_{bb}$, is predicted within the nonrelativistic QCD at the Large Hadron Electron Collider (LHeC). The $\Xi_{QQ'}$ production via the photon-gluon fusing channel $\gamma + g \to \langle{QQ'}\rangle[n] +\bar{Q} +\bar{Q'}$ and the extrinsic heavy quark channel $\gamma + Q \to \langle{QQ'}\rangle[n]+\bar{Q'}$ have been considered, where $Q$ or $Q'$ stand for heavy $c$ or $b$ quark and $\langle{QQ'}\rangle[n]$ stands for a $QQ'$ diquark with given spin- and color- configurations $[n]$. The diquark shall fragmentate into $\Xi_{QQ'}$ baryon with high probability. Read More


In the early sixties Leonard Parker discovered that the expansion of the universe can create particles out of the vacuum, opening a new and fruitfull field in physics. We give a historical review in the form of an interview that took place during the Conference ERE2014 (Valencia 1-5, September, 2014). Read More


We derive formulas for the efficiency correction of cumulants with many efficiency bins. The derivation of the formulas is simpler than the previously suggested method, but the numerical cost is drastically reduced from the naive method. From analytical and numerical analyses in simple toy models, we show that the use of the averaged efficiency in the efficiency correction can lead to wrong corrected values, which have larger deviation for higher order cumulants. Read More


In this talk the role of spin and polarization is discussed in experimental search for new excited baryon states and in the study of the internal quark-gluon structure of the proton and neutron. Also the perspective of spin physics at the 12 GeV CEBAF electron accelerator is discussed and what we hope to learn about fundamental properties of hadrons such as their multi-dimensional structure through the momentum and spatial imaging, and about the forces on the quarks in the proton and how quark confinement may be realized through the spatial distribution of such forces. Read More


We propose a new method for measuring the top-quark width based on the on-/off-shell ratio of $b$-charge asymmetry in $pp\to Wbj$ production at the LHC. The charge asymmetry removes virtually all backgrounds and related uncertainties, while remaining systematic and theoretical uncertainties can be taken under control by the ratio of cross sections. Limited only by statistical errors, we find that our approach leads to good precision at high integrated luminosity, at a few hundred MeV assuming 300-3000 fb$^{-1}$ at the LHC. Read More


The goal of this article is to initiate a discussion on what it takes to claim "there is no new physics at the weak scale," namely that the Standard Model (SM) is "isolated." The lack of discovery of beyond the SM (BSM) physics suggests that this may be the case. But to truly establish this statement requires proving all "connected" BSM theories are false, which presents a significant challenge. Read More


We analyse the worldline holographic framework for fermions. Worldline holography is based on the observation that in the worldline approach to quantum field theory, sources of a quantum field theory over Mink$_4$ naturally form a field theory over AdS$_5$ to all orders in the elementary fields and in the sources. Schwinger's proper time of the worldline formalism automatically appears with the physical four spacetime dimensions in an AdS$_5$ geometry. Read More


The explosion mechanism of core-collapse supernovae is a long-standing problem in stellar astrophysics. We briefly outline the main contenders for a solution and review recent efforts to model core-collapse supernova explosions by means of multi-dimensional simulations. We discuss several suggestions for solving the problem of missing or delayed neutrino-driven explosions in three-dimensional supernova models, including -- among others -- variations in the microphysics and large seed perturbations in convective burning shells. Read More


We study the real-time evolution of an electron influenced by intense electromagnetic fields using the time-dependent basis light-front quantization (tBLFQ) framework. We focus on demonstrating the non-perturbative feature of the tBLFQ approach through a realistic application of the strong coupling QED problem, in which the electromagnetic fields are generated by an ultra-relativistic nucleus. We calculate transitions of an electron influenced by such electromagnetic fields and we show agreement with light-front perturbation theory when the atomic number of the nucleus is small. Read More


Photoproduction of the $\Lambda^*(1520)$ resonance of spin-parity ${3\over2}^-$ off the proton target is investigated within the Regge framework where the $t$-channel reggeization is applied for the $K(494)+K^*(892)+K_2^*(1430)$ exchanges in the Born amplitude. The present model is based on the two basic ingredients; the one is the minimal gauge prescription for the convergence of the reaction and the other is the role of the $K_2^*$ crucial to agree with high energy data. The cross sections for the total, differential and photon polarization asymmetry are reproduced to compare with existing data. Read More


We discuss possible new physics (NP) effects beyond the standard model (SM) in the exclusive decays $\bar{B}^0 \to D^{(\ast)} \tau^- \bar{\nu}_{\tau}$. Starting with a model-independent effective Hamiltonian including non-SM four-Fermi operators, we show how to obtain experimental constraints on different NP scenarios and investigate their effects on a large set of physical observables. The $\bar{B}^0 \to D^{(\ast)}$ transition form factors are calculated in the full kinematic $q^2$ range by employing the covariant confined quark model developed by our group. Read More


During the accretion phase of a core-collapse supernovae, large amplitude turbulence is generated by the combination of the standing accretion shock instability and convection driven by neutrino heating. The turbulence directly affects the dynamics of the explosion, but there is also the possibility of an additional, indirect, feedback mechanism due to the effect turbulence can have upon neutrino flavor evolution and thus the neutrino heating. In this paper we consider the effect of turbulence during the accretion phase upon neutrino evolution, both numerically and analytically. Read More


We extend a known multi-quark three-flavor Lagrangian of the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio type, which includes a set of effective interactions proportional to the current quark masses, to include the multi-quark interactions of vector and axial-vector types. It is shown that the mass spectrum of the four low-lying meson nonets are in agreement with current phenomenological expectations. The role of the new interactions is analyzed in detail. Read More


The transverse momentum ($p_{\rm T}$) spectra in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV, measured by the ALICE experiment at the LHC are analyzed with a thermodynamically consistent Tsallis distribution. The information about the freeze-out surface in terms of freeze-out volume, temperature and the non-extenisivity parameter, $q$, for $K^{0}_{S}$, $\Lambda+\bar{\Lambda}$, $\Xi^{-}+\bar{\Xi}^{+}$ and $\Omega^{-}+\bar{\Omega}^{+}$ are extracted by fitting the $p_{\rm T}$ spectra with Tsallis distribution function. The freeze-out parameters of these particles are studied as a function of charged particle multiplicity density ($dN_{ch}/d\eta$). Read More


Based on the experimental data released recently by the CLAS Collaboration, the $f_{1}(1285)$ photoproduction off a proton target is investigated in an effective Lagrangian approach. In our model, $s$-channel, $u$-channel, and $t$-channel Born terms are included to calculate the differential cross sections, which are compared with recent CLAS experiment. An interpolating Reggeized treatment is applied to the $t$ channel, and it is found that the $t$-channel contribution is dominant in the $f_1(1285)$ photoproduction and the $u$-channel contribution is responsible to the enhancement at backward angles. Read More


Neutrino flux streaming from a supernova can undergo rapid flavor conversions almost immediately above the core. Focusing on this region, we study these fast conversions using a linear stability analysis. We find that, for realistic angular distributions of neutrinos, fast conversions can occur within a few nanoseconds in regions just above the neutrinosphere. Read More


We discuss a new technique to evaluate integrals of QCD Green's functions in the Euclidean based on their Mellin-Barnes representation. We present as a first application the evaluation of the lowest order Hadronic Vacuum Polarization (HVP) contribution to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon $\frac{1}{2}(g_{\mu}-2)_{\rm\tiny HVP}\equiv a_{\mu}^{\rm HVP}$. It is shown that with a precise determination of the slope and curvature of the HVP function at the origin from lattice QCD (LQCD), one can already obtain a result for $a_{\mu}^{\rm HVP}$ which may serve as a test of the determinations based on experimental measurements of the $e^+ e^-$ annihilation cross-section into hadrons. Read More


The mass spectrum of $b\bar{b}$ states has been obtained using the phenomenological relativistic quark model (RQM). The Hamiltonian used in the investigation has confinement potential and confined one gluon exchange potential (COGEP). In the frame work of RQM a study of M1 and E1 radiative decays of $b\bar{b}$ states have been made. Read More


The decay $b\to s\nu\bar\nu$ has been a neglected sibling of $b\to s\ell^+\ell^-$ because neutrinos pass undetected and hence the process offers less number of observables. We show how the decay $b\to s~+$~invisible(s) can shed light, even with a limited number of observables, on possible new physics beyond the Standard Model and also show, quantitatively, the reach of future $B$ factories like SuperBelle to uncover such new physics. Depending on the operator structure of new physics, different channels may act as the best possible probe. Read More


The lightest Kaluza-Klein particle (LKP), which appears in the theory of universal extra dimensions, is one of good candidates for cold dark matter (CDM). When LKP pairs annihilate around the center of the Galaxy where CDM is concentrated, there are some modes which produce electrons and positrons as final products, and we categorize them into two components. One of them is the "Line" component, which directly annihilates into electron--positron pair. Read More


Weak scale supersymmetry (SUSY) remains a compelling extension of the Standard Model because it stabilizes the quantum corrections to the Higgs and W, Z boson masses. In natural SUSY models these corrections are, by definition, never much larger than the corresponding masses. Natural SUSY models all have an upper limit on the gluino mass, too high to lead to observable signals even at the high luminosity LHC. Read More


We systematically study the large-$q_T$ (or small-$b$) matching of transverse momentum dependent (TMD) distributions to the twist-2 integrated parton distributions. Performing operator product expansion for a generic TMD operator at the next-to-leading order (NLO) we found the complete set of TMD distributions that match twist-2. These are unpolarized, helicity, transversity, pretzelosity and linearly polarized gluon distributions. Read More


Double parton scattering in proton-proton collisions includes kinematic regions in which two partons inside a proton originate from the perturbative splitting of a single parton. This leads to a double counting problem between single and double hard scattering. We present a solution to this problem, which allows for the definition of double parton distributions as operator matrix elements in a proton, and which can be used at higher orders in perturbation theory. Read More


T2HK and T2HKK are the proposed extensions of the of T2K experiments in Japan and DUNE is the future long-baseline program of Fermilab. In T2HK both the water \v{C}erenkov detector tanks each of volume 187 kt will be placed at the Kamioka site whereas under the T2HKK project one of the detector tank will be placed in Korea. The baseline at Kamioka is 295 km and the baseline for Korea is 1100 km. Read More


Motivated by the absence of signals of new physics at the LHC, which seems to imply the presence of large mass hierarchies, we investigate the theoretical possibility that these could arise dynamically in new strongly-coupled gauge theories extending the standard model of particle physics. To this purpose, we study lattice data on non-Abelian gauge theories in the (near-)conformal regime---specifically, $\mathrm{SU}(2)$ with $N_{\mathrm{f}}=1$ and $2$ dynamical fermion flavours in the adjoint representation. We focus our attention on the ratio $R$ between the masses of the lightest spin-2 and spin-0 resonances, and draw comparisons with a simple toy model in the context of gauge/gravity dualities. Read More


In a matrix model of pure $SU(2)$ Yang-Mills theory, boundaries emerge in the space of $\textrm{Mat}_{3}(\mathbb{R})$ and the Hamiltonian requires boundary conditions. We show the existence of edge localized glueball states which can have negative energies. These edge levels can be lifted to positive energies if the gluons acquire a London-like mass. Read More


We provide the quasiclassical derivation of the modified chiral magnetic effect in the case when massless charged fermions moving in external electromagnetic fields interact by electroweak forces with the background matter. In our study we rely on the energy balance between the external electromagnetic field and charged particles. The obtained expression for the electric current along the external magnetic field appears to coincide with our previous results based on the purely quantum approach. Read More


We look for minimal extensions of Standard Model with vector like fermions leading to precision unification of gauge couplings. Constraints from proton decay, Higgs stability and perturbativity are considered. The simplest models contain several copies of vector fermions in two different (incomplete) representations. Read More


The leptonic widths of high $\psi$-resonances are calculated in a coupled-channel model with unitary inelasticity, where analytical expressions for mixing angles between $(n+1)\,^3S_1$ and $n\,^3D_1$ states and probabilities $Z_i$ of the $c\bar c$ component are derived. Since these factors depend on energy (mass), different values of mixing angles $\theta(\psi(4040))=27.7^\circ$ and $\theta(\psi(4160))=29. Read More


By considering a deformation of the Schwarzschild metric in the presence of a minimal measurable length which still respects the equivalence principle, we study corrections to the standard general relativistic predictions for some astrophysical phenomena such as stability of circular orbits of black hole accretion disks, redshift of black hole accretion disks, gravitational tidal forces and the geodetic drift rate. We use the Gravity Probe B data to see robustness of our results. Read More


We revisit the global QCD analysis of parton-to-kaon fragmentation functions at next-to-leading order accuracy using the latest experimental information on single-inclusive kaon production in electron-positron annihilation, lepton-nucleon deep-inelastic scattering, and proton-proton collisions. An excellent description of all data sets is achieved, and the remaining uncertainties in parton-to-kaon fragmentation functions are estimated and discussed based on the Hessian method. Extensive comparisons to the results from our previous global analysis are made. Read More