# High Energy Physics - Phenomenology Publications (50)

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## High Energy Physics - Phenomenology Publications

We relate the forward two-photon exchange (TPE) amplitudes to integrals of the inclusive cross sections. These relations yield an alternative way for the evaluation of the TPE correction to hyperfine-splitting (HFS) in the hydrogen-like atoms. Our result is equivalent to the standard approach (Iddings, Drell and Sullivan) implying the Burkhardt-Cottingham sum rule. Read More

We propose a hybrid mediation and hybrid supersymmetry breaking. In particular the RG-invariant anomaly mediation is considered. Together with additional gravity mediation the slepton tachyon problem of anomaly mediation is solved automatically. Read More

We study the sensitivity to sub-GeV dark sectors of high energy ($ \geq100$ GeV) proton fixed target experiments such as the Main Injector and the future Long-Baseline Neutrino Facility (LBNF). We focus on off-axis detectors since they have been shown to be the ideal location to reduce the neutrino background. We consider MiniBooNE as an off-axis detector for the NuMI facility and a hypotetical detector for LBNF located 200 m away from the target and 6. Read More

According to the dS/CFT correspondence, correlators of fields generated during a primordial de Sitter phase are constrained by three-dimensional conformal invariance. Using the properties of radially quantized conformal field theories and the operator-state correspondence, we glean information on some points. The Higuchi bound on the masses of spin-s states in de Sitter is a direct consequence of reflection positivity in radially quantized CFT$_3$ and the fact that scaling dimensions of operators are energies of states. Read More

We study the leading effective interactions between the Standard Model fields and a generic singlet CP-odd (pseudo)Goldstone boson. The two possible frameworks for electroweak symmetry breaking are considered: linear and non-linear. For the latter case, the basis of leading effective operators is determined and compared with that for the linear expansion. Read More

We study the general Zee model, which includes an extra Higgs scalar doublet and a new singly-charged scalar singlet. Neutrino masses are generated at one-loop level, and in order to describe leptonic mixing, both the Standard Model and the extra Higgs scalar doublets need to couple to leptons (in a type-III two-Higgs doublet model), which necessarily generates large lepton flavor violating signals, also in Higgs decays. Imposing all relevant phenomenological constraints and performing a full numerical scan of the parameter space, we find that both normal and inverted neutrino mass orderings can be fitted, although the latter is disfavored with respect to the former. Read More

The central aspect of my personal scientific activity, has focused on calculations useful for interpretation of High Energy accelerator experimental results, especially in a domain of precision tests of the Standard Model. My activities started in early 80's, when computer support for algebraic manipulations was in its infancy. But already then it was important for my work. Read More

We define an order parameter of $Z_N$ symmetry in SU(N) gauge theories similar to the Polyakov loop such that $Tr(P\exp(i\int_c A_{\mu}dx^{\mu}))$ where the spatial path $c$ is taken, for example, along $x_1$ axis. The parameter vanishes when the $Z_N$ symmetry is preserved. We calculate the contribution of QCD monopoles to the order parameter and show that when the monopoles condense, it vanishes, while it does not vanish when they do not condense. Read More

The production of high-mass, color-singlet particles in hadron colliders is universally accompanied by initial state QCD radiation that is predominantly soft with respect to the hard process scale $Q$ and/or collinear with respect to the beam axis. At TeV-scale colliders, this is in contrast to top quark and multijet processes, which, by definition, are hard and central. Consequently, vetoing events with jets possessing transverse momenta above $p_T^{\rm Veto}$ in searches for new color-singlet states can efficiently reduce non-singlet backgrounds, thereby increasing experimental sensitivity. Read More

A brief review of supersymmetric models and their candidates for dark matter is carried out. The neutralino is a WIMP candidate in the MSSM where $R$-parity is conserved, but this model has the $\mu$ problem. There are natural solutions to this problem that necessarily introduce new structure beyond the MSSM, including new candidates for dark matter. Read More

Considering $2\to 2$ gauge-theory scattering with general colour in the high-energy limit, we compute the Regge-cut contribution to three loops through next-to-next-to-leading high-energy logarithms (NNLL) in the signature-odd sector. Our formalism is based on using the non-linear Balitsky-JIMWLK rapidity evolution equation to derive an effective Hamiltonian acting on states with a fixed number of Reggeized gluons. A new effect occurring first at NNLL is mixing between states with $k$ and $k+2$ Reggeized gluons due non-diagonal terms in this Hamiltonian. Read More

The understanding of the basic properties of the ultra - high energy extensive air showers is strongly dependent on the description of the hadronic interactions in a energy range beyond that probed by the LHC. One of the uncertainties present in the modeling of the air showers is the treatment of diffractive interactions, which are dominated by non - perturbative physics and usually described by phenomenological models. These interactions are expect to affect the development of the air showers, since they provide a way of transporting substantial amounts of energy deep in the atmosphere, modifying the global characteristics of the shower profile. Read More

Dark matter interacting with the Standard Model fermions through new scalars or pseudoscalars with flavour-diagonal couplings proportional to fermion mass are well motivated theoretically, and provide a useful phenomenological model with which to interpret experimental results. Two modes of dark matter production from these models have been considered in the existing literature: pairs of dark matter produced through top quark loops with an associated monojet in the event, and pair production of dark matter with pairs of heavy flavoured quarks (tops or bottoms). In this paper, we demonstrate that a third, previously overlooked channel yields a non-negligible contribution to LHC dark matter searches in these models. Read More

Heavy quark $R_{AA}$ and $v_2$ have been calculated at RHIC energy considering initial conditions with and without pre-equilibrium phase to highlight the impact of the latter on heavy quark observables. The momentum evolution of the heavy quark has been studied by means of the Boltzmann transport equation. To model the pre-equilibrium phase we have used the KLN initial condition. Read More

This paper presents the two body weak nonleptonic decays of B-mesons emitting vector (V) and vector (V) mesons within the framework of the diagrammatic approaches at flavor SU(3) symmetry. We have investigated exclusive two body decays of B-meson using model independent quark diagram scheme. We have shown that the recent measurement of the two body exclusive decays of B-mesons can allow us to determine the magnitude and even sign of the QD amplitude for B VV decays. Read More

The study of the inclusive production of a pair of charged light hadrons (a "dihadron" system) featuring high transverse momenta and well separated in rapidity represents a clear channel for the test of the BFKL dynamics at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). This process has much in common with the well known Mueller-Navelet jet production; however, hadrons can be detected at much smaller values of the transverse momentum than jets, thus allowing to explore an additional kinematic range, supplementary to the one studied with Mueller-Navelet jets. Furthermore, it makes it possible to constrain not only the parton densities (PDFs) for the initial proton, but also the parton fragmentation functions (FFs) describing the detected hadron in the final state. Read More

The experimental value of the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon, as well as the LHCb anomalies, point towards new physics coupled non-universally to muons and electrons. Working in extra dimensional theories, which solve the electroweak hierarchy problem with a warped metric, strongly deformed with respect to the AdS$_5$ geometry at the infra-red brane, the LHCb anomalies can be solved by imposing that the bottom and the muon have a sizable amount of compositeness, while the electron is mainly elementary. Using this set-up as starting point we have proven that extra physics has to be introduced to describe the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon. Read More

Recent classical-statistical numerical simulations have established the "bottom-up" thermalization scenario of Baier et al. as the correct weak coupling effective theory for thermalization in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions. We perform a parametric study of photon production in the various stages of this bottom-up framework to ascertain the relative contribution of the off-equilibrium "Glasma" relative to that of a thermalized Quark-Gluon Plasma. Read More

Recent lattice results on the meson and baryon spectrum with a focus on the determination of hadronic resonance masses and widths using a combined basis of single-hadron and hadron-hadron interpolating fields are reviewed. These mostly exploratory calculations differ from traditional lattice QCD spectrum calculations for states stable under QCD, where calculations with a full uncertainty estimate are already routinely performed. Progress and challenges in these calculations are highlighted. Read More

It has passed 20 years after we proposed $\mu-\tau$ symmetry in light neutrino mass matrix. This model is simple but reproduced the characterestic properties of lepton sector. After that, during the experimental developments, there have appeared so many extensions but most of those phenomenological models are lacking systematic outlooks towards more fundamental theories. Read More

The confinement-deconfinement transition is discussed from topological viewpoints. The topological change of the system is achieved by introducing the dimensionless imaginary chemical potential ($\theta$). Then, the non-trivial free-energy degeneracy becomes the signal of the deconfinement transition and it can be visualized by using the map of the thermodynamic quantities to the circle $S^1$ along $\theta$. Read More

We study the heavy neutral scalar decays into standard model electroweak gauge bosons in the context of the Littlest Higgs model. We focus our attention on the $\Phi^0 \to WW, \gamma V$ processes induced at the one-loop level, with $V=\gamma, Z$. Since the branching ratios of the $\Phi^0 \to \gamma V$ decays result very suppressed, only the $\Phi^0 \to WW$ process is analyzed in the framework of possible experimental scenarios by using heavy scalar masses between 1. Read More

The explanation of the small neutrino mass can be depicted using some handsome models like type-I and inverse seesaw where the Standard Model gauge singlet heavy right handed neutrinos are deployed. The common thing in these two models is a lepton number violating parameter, however, its order of magnitude creates a striking difference between them making the nature of the right handed heavy neutrinos a major play factor. In the type-I seesaw a large lepton number violating parameter involves the heavy right handed neutrinos in the form of Majorana fermions while a small lepton number violating parameter being involved in the inverse seesaw demands the pseudo-Dirac nature of the heavy right handed neutrinos. Read More

Distinctions between quark to $\Lambda$ and $\bar\Lambda$ longitudinal spin transfers in the semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering process were observed by the E665 and COMPASS Collaborations. There are suggestions that the difference between $\Lambda$ and $\bar\Lambda$ production is related to the asymmetric strange-antistrange distribution inside the nucleon. However, previous calculations are still too small to explain the experimental data. Read More

We consider the minimal Standard Model as an effective low-energy description of an unspecified fundamental theory with spontaneously broken conformal symmetry. The effective theory exhibits classical scale invariance which manifest itself through the dilaton field. The mass of the dilaton is generated via the quantum scale anomaly at two-loop level and is proportional to the techically stable hierarchy between the electroweak scale and a high energy scale given by a dilaton vacuum expectation value. Read More

Trilepton event represents one of the probes of the new physics at high energy colliders. In this talk, we consider the search for processes with final states $\ell_{\alpha}^{\pm }\ell_{\beta}^{\pm}\ell_{\gamma}^{\mp}$ + $\slashed{E}_{T}$ where ${\alpha}$, ${\beta}$, ${\gamma}$= $e,\mu,\tau$, via the production of singlet charged scalar $S^{\pm}$ which arise in a class of radiative neutrino mass models. We discuss the opposite sign same flavor leptons signal, as well as the background free channel in view to get a significant excess at $\sqrt{s}$= 8 TeV and $\sqrt{s}$ = 14 TeV at the hadron collider LHC. Read More

A recent analysis of data on the two photon production of the $\eta_c$ and its decay to $K(K\pi)$ has determined the $K\pi$ $S$-wave amplitude in a "model-independent" way assuming primarily that the additional kaon is a spectator in this decay. The purpose of this paper is to fit these results, together with classic $K\pi$ production data from LASS, within a formalism that implements unitarity for the di-meson interaction. This fixes the $I=1/2$ $K\pi\to K\pi$ $S$-wave amplitude up to 2. Read More

Cosmic ray antiprotons provide a powerful tool to probe dark matter annihilations in our galaxy. The sensitivity of this important channel is, however, diluted by sizable uncertainties in the secondary antiproton background. In this work, we improve the calculation of secondary antiproton production with a particular focus on the high energy regime. Read More

In presence of non-standard neutrino interactions the neutrino flavor evolution equation is affected by a degeneracy which leads to the so-called LMA-Dark solution. It requires a solar mixing angle in the second octant and implies an ambiguity in the neutrino mass ordering. Non-oscillation experiments are required to break this degeneracy. Read More

We estimate the possible accuracies of measurements at the proposed CLIC $e^+e^-$ collider of Higgs and $W^+W^-$ production at centre-of-mass energies up to 3TeV, incorporating also Higgsstrahlung projections at higher energies that had not been considered previously, and use them to explore the prospective CLIC sensitivities to decoupled new physics. We present the resulting constraints on the Wilson coefficients of dimension-6 operators in a model-independent approach based on the Standard Model effective field theory (SM EFT). The higher centre-of-mass energy of CLIC, compared to other projects such as the ILC and CEPC, gives it greater sensitivity to the coefficients of some of the operators we study. Read More

We propose supersymmetric Majoron inflation in which the Majoron field $\Phi$ responsible for generating right-handed neutrino masses may also be suitable for giving low scale "hilltop" inflation, with a discrete lepton number $Z_N$ spontaneously broken at the end of inflation, while avoiding the domain wall problem. In the framework of non-minimal supergravity, we show that a successful spectral index can result with small running together with small tensor modes. We show that a range of heaviest right-handed neutrino masses can be generated, $m_N\sim 10^1-10^{16}$ GeV, consistent with the constraints from reheating and domain walls. Read More

The phase transition responsible for axion dark matter production can create large amplitude isocurvature perturbations which collapse into dense objects known as axion miniclusters. We use microlensing data from the EROS survey, and from recent observations with the Subaru Hyper Suprime Cam to place constraints on the minicluster scenario. We compute the microlensing event rate for miniclusters treating them as spatially extended objects with an extended mass function. Read More

For models with several Higgs doublets we present an alternative method to the one proposed by Branco, Gerard and Grimus, in 1984, to check whether or not CP is spontaneously violated in the Higgs potential. The previous method is powerful and rigorous. It requires the identification of a matrix $U$ corresponding to a symmetry of the Lagrangian and verifying a simple relation involving the vacuum expectation values. Read More

We review recent results on the phase structure of QCD and bulk QCD thermodynamics. In particular we discuss how universal critical scaling related to spontaneous breaking of the chiral symmetry manifests itself in recent lattice QCD simulations and how the knowledge on non-universal scaling parameter can be utilized in the exploration of the QCD phase diagram. We also show how various (generalized) susceptibilities can be employed to characterize properties of QCD matter at low and hight temperatures, related to deconfining aspects of the QCD transition. Read More

We study the evolution of the coupling in SU(2) gauge field theory with $N_f=8$ fundamental fermion flavors on the lattice. This model is expected to have an infrared fixed point at high coupling. We use HEX-smeared Wilson-clover action, and measure the gradient flow running coupling with Dirichlet boundary conditions. Read More

In this letter we study some relevant physical parameters of the massless Gross-Neveu model in a finite spatial dimension for different boundary conditions. It is considered the standard homogeneous Hartree Fock solution using zeta function regularization for the study the mass dynamically generated and its respective beta function. It is found that the beta function does not depend on the Boundary conditions. Read More

We show that in a Complementary two-Higgs doublet model(C2HDM) CP violating phase in CKM matrix can be spontaneously generated, dangerous FCNC can be naturally suppressed and meanwhile the strong CP problem can also be avoided. The two Higgs doublets in the model are complementary in the sense that none of them is enough to describe masses of a given type of quarks. We find that the strength of FCNC is determined by the sub-dominant Yukawa coupling and is suppressed by the strength of Yukawa couplings of the first generation so that tree-level FCNC is sufficiently small. Read More

We device a new method to calculate a large number of Mellin moments of single scale quantities using the systems of differential and/or difference equations obtained by integration-by-parts identities between the corresponding Feynman integrals of loop corrections to physical quantities. These scalar quantities have a much simpler mathematical structure than the complete quantity. A sufficiently large set of moments may even allow the analytic reconstruction of the whole quantity considered, holding in case of first order factorizing systems. Read More

In the Standard Model of electroweak interactions and in the tree--approximation we calculate the rate and branching ratio of the neutron radiative beta decay with one-real photon emission by taking into account the contributions of the weak magnetism and proton recoil to order 1/m_p of the large proton mass m_p expansion. We find that the obtained contributions of the weak magnetism and proton recoil increase the rate and branching ratio of the neutron radiative beta decay by about 0.70%. Read More

The ${\Upsilon}(nS)$ ${\to}$ $B_{c}D_{s}$, $B_{c}D_{d}$ weak decays are studied with the pQCD approach firstly. It is found that branching ratios ${\cal B}r({\Upsilon}(nS){\to}B_{c}D_{s})$ ${\sim}$ ${\cal O}(10^{-10})$ and ${\cal B}r({\Upsilon}(nS){\to}B_{c}D_{d})$ ${\sim}$ ${\cal O}(10^{-11})$, which might be measurable in the future experiments. Read More

With the potential prospects of the ${\Upsilon}(nS)$ at high-luminosity dedicated heavy-flavor factories, the color-favored ${\Upsilon}(nS)$ ${\to}$ $B_{c}{\pi}$, $B_{c}K$ weak decays are studied with the pQCD approach. It is found that branching ratios for the ${\Upsilon}(nS)$ ${\to}$ $B_{c}{\pi}$ decay are as large as the order of ${\cal O}(10^{-11})$, which might be measured promisingly by the future experiments. Read More

In this paper we review various models of curvature singularity free black holes. In the first part of the review we describe semi-classical solutions of the Einstein equations which, however, contains a "quantum" input through the matter source. We start by reviewing the early model by Bardeen where the metric is regularized by-hand through a short-distance cut-off, which is justified in terms of non-linear electro-dynamical effects. Read More

We assume that the Higgs doublet has a composite structure, respecting the main standard model properties, and therefore called Composite Standard Model (CSM), but leading (through Goldstone equivalence) to $Z_L$ and $W_L$ form factors. We illustrate how such a form factor affecting the $ZZ_LH$ coupling will be directly observable in $e^+e^-\to ZH$. We then show the spectacular consequences which would appear in the inclusive processes $e^+e^-\to Z_L+anything $. Read More

We propose a supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (SM) with a continuous global $U(1)_R$ symmetry. The $R$-charges of the SM fields are identified with that of their lepton numbers. As an artifact, a bi-linear "$R$-parity violating" term emerges at the superpotential. Read More

Production of the $B_c$ and $B_c^*$ mesons at $Z$-factory (an $e^+e^-$ collider running at energies around $Z$ pole) is calculated up-to the next-to-leading order (NLO) QCD corrections. The results show that the dependence of the total cross sections on the renormalization scale $\mu$ is reduced by the corrections, and the NLO corrections enhance the production cross section by $52\%$($33\%$) when the renormalization scale is taken at $\mu=2m_b$. For experimental observations of the $B_c$ and $B_c^*$ mesons, the differential cross sections for the production are also analyzed up-to the NLO accuracy. Read More

Up to now, the excited charmed and bottom baryon states are still not well studied both experimentally and theoretically. In the present paper, we predict the mass of $\Omega_b^*$, the only $L = 0$ baryon state which has not been observed, to be 6069.2 MeV. Read More

Light-by-light scattering sumrules based on general field theory principles relate cross-sections with different helicities. In this paper the simplest sumrule is tested for the $I=0$ and $2$ channels for "real" photon-photon collisions. Important contributions come from the long-lived pseudoscalar mesons and from di-meson intermediate states. Read More

**Authors:**Abdel Nasser Tawfik

^{1}, Hayam Yassin

^{2}, Eman R. Abo Elyazeed

^{3}, Muhammad Maher

^{4}, Abdel Magied Diab

^{5}, Magda Abdel Wahab

^{6}, Eiman Abou El Dahab

^{7}

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Egyptian Ctr. Theor. Phys., Cairo, WLCAPP, Cairo,

^{2}Ain Shams U., Cairo,

^{3}Ain Shams U., Cairo,

^{4}Helwan U., Cairo,

^{5}Egyptian Ctr. Theor. Phys., Cairo, WLCAPP, Cairo,

^{6}Ain Shams U., Cairo,

^{7}MTI U., Cairo, Egyptian Ctr. Theor. Phys., Cairo

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

The strange-quark occupation factor ($\gamma_s$) is determined from the statistical fit of the multiplicity ratio $\mathrm{K}^+/\pi^+$ in a wide range of nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energies ($\sqrt{s_{NN}}$). From this single-strange-quark-subsystem, $\gamma_s(\sqrt{s_{NN}})$ was parametrized as a damped trigonometric functionality and successfully implemented to the hadron resonance gas model, at chemical semi-equilibrium. Various particle ratios including $\mathrm{K}^-/\pi^-$, $\mathrm{\Lambda}/\pi^-$, and $\mathrm{\bar{\Lambda}}/\pi^-$ are well reproduced. Read More

We analyze the prospects for resonant di-Higgs production searches at the LHC in the $b\bar{b} W^+ W^-$ ($W^{+} \to \ell^{+} \nu_{\ell}$, $W^{-} \to \ell^{-} \bar{\nu}_{\ell}$) channel, as a probe of the nature of the electroweak phase transition in Higgs portal extensions of the Standard Model. In order to maximize the sensitivity in this final state, we develop a new algorithm for the reconstruction of the $b \bar{b} W^+ W^-$ invariant mass in the presence of neutrinos from the $W$ decays, building from a technique developed for the reconstruction of resonances decaying to $\tau^{+}\tau^{-}$ pairs. We show that resonant di-Higgs production in the $b\bar{b} W^+ W^-$ channel could be a competitive probe of the electroweak phase transition already with the datasets to be collected by the CMS and ATLAS experiments in Run-2 of the LHC. Read More

We show that the $B-L$ Supersymmetric Standard Model with Inverse Seesaw (BLSSMIS) provides new Dark Matter (DM) candidates (lightest right-handed sneutrino and lightest $B-L$ neutralino) with mass of order few hundreds GeV, while most of other SUSY spectrum can be quite heavy, consistently with the current Large Hadron Collider (LHC) constraints. We emphasize that the thermal relic abundance and direct detection experiments via relic neutralino scattering with nuclei impose stringent constraints on the $B-L$ neutralinos. These constraints can be satisfied by few points in the parameter space where the $B-L$ lightest neutralino is higgsino-like, which cannot explain the observed Galactic Center (GC) gamma-ray excess measured by Fermi-LAT. Read More