High Energy Physics - Phenomenology Publications (50)

Search

High Energy Physics - Phenomenology Publications

The proposed Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE) utilizes a wide-band on-axis tunable muon-(anti)neutrino beam with a baseline of 1300 km to search for CP violation with high precision. Given the long baseline, DUNE is also sensitive to effects due to non-standard neutrino interactions (NSI) which can interfere with the standard 3-flavor oscillation paradigm. In this Letter, we exploit the tunability of the DUNE neutrino beam over a wide-range of energies and utilize a new theoretical metric to devise an experimental strategy for separating oscillation effects due to NSI from the standard 3-flavor oscillation scenario. Read More


The possibility of the existence of right-handed neutrinos remains one of the most important open questions in particle physics, as they can help elucidate the problems of neutrino masses, matter-antimatter asymmetry, and dark matter. Interest in this topic has been increasing in recent years with the proposal of new experimental avenues by which right-handed neutrinos with masses below the electroweak scale could be detected directly using displaced-vertex signatures. At the forefront of such endeavours, the proposed SHiP proton beam-dump experiment is designed for a large acceptance to new weakly-coupled particles and low backgrounds. Read More


We calculate the masses and weak decay constants of flavorless ground and radially excited $J^P=1^-$ mesons and the corresponding quantities for the K^*, within a Poincar\'e covariant continuum framework based on the Bethe-Salpeter equation. We use in both, the quark's gap equation and the meson bound-state equation, an infrared massive and finite interaction in the leading symmetry-preserving truncation. While our numerical results are in rather good agreement with experimental values where they are available, no single parametrization of the QCD inspired interaction reproduces simultaneously the ground and excited mass spectrum, which confirms earlier work on pseudoscalar mesons. Read More


We show the SM prediction of di-lepton production at the LHC where to the usual Drell-Yan production we add the contribution from Photon-Initiated processes. We discuss the effects of the inclusion of photon interactions in the high invariant mass region (TeV region) and their consequences on BSM heavy Z'-boson searches. Read More


We propose a Higgs triplet model with $U(1)_{B-L}$ gauge symmetry and several new fermions in no conflict with anomaly cancellation where the neutrino masses are given by the vacuum expectation value of Higgs triplet induced at the one-loop level. The new fermions are odd under discrete $Z_2$ symmetry and the lightest one becomes dark matter candidate. We find that the mass of dark matter is typically $\mathcal{O}(1)$-$\mathcal{O}(10)$ GeV. Read More


I give an overview of recent progress in the simulation of final states involving top-quarks and vector bosons pair. First I'll discuss the recently found solutions needed to simulate fully differential top pair production ($pp\to b\bar{b}$ + 4 leptons) at NLO+PS accuracy, retaining off-shellness and interference effects exactly. In the second part, I'll review the MiNLO (Multi-scale Improved NLO) method, and then show a recent application, namely the simultaneous NLO+PS description of $W^+W^-$ and $W^+W^- +$ 1 jet production. Read More


We report on the lattice calculations of the heavy quark potential at $T>0$ in 2+1 flavor QCD at physical quark masses using the Highly Improved Staggered Quark discretization. We study in detail the systematic effects in the determination of the real and imaginary parts of the potential when using the moment method. Read More


We discuss in detail the spatial distribution of angular momentum inside the nucleon. We show that the discrepancies between different definitions originate from terms that integrate to zero. Even though these terms can safely be dropped at the integrated level, they have to be taken into account at the density level. Read More


We release fastNLO tables with NNLO QCD top-quark pair differential distributions corresponding to 8 TeV ATLAS [Eur. Phys. J. Read More


I present higher-order radiative corrections from collinear and soft gluon emission for the associated production of a charged Higgs boson with a $W$ boson. The calculation uses expressions from resummation at next-to-leading-logarithm accuracy. From the resummed cross section I derive approximate next-to-next-to-leading order (aNNLO) cross sections for the process $b{\bar b} \rightarrow H^- W^+$ at LHC energies. Read More


A possible diagnostic is proposed which may be used to infer the different scales underlying the dynamical structure of hadronic resonances using the phenomenon of Schottky anomaly. Read More


I describe how the TNT2K (Tokai and Toyama to Kamioka) configuration with a muon decay at rest ($\mu$DAR) add-on to T2(H)K can achieve better measurement of the leptonic Dirac CP phase $\delta_D$. It has five-fold advantages of high efficiency, smaller CP uncertainty, absence of degeneracy, as well as guaranteeing CP sensitivity against non-unitary mixing (NUM) and non-standard interaction (NSI). In comparison to the flux upgrade with T2K-II, the detector upgrade with T2HK, and the baseline upgrade with T2HKK, TNT2K is a totally different concept with spectrum upgrade to solve the intrinsic problems in current and next generations of CP measurement experiments. Read More


The model proposed by Georgi and Machacek enables the Higgs sector to involve isospin triplet scalar fields while retaining a custodial $SU(2)_V$ symmetry in the potential and thus ensuring the electroweak $\rho$ parameter to be one at tree level. This custodial symmetry, however, is explicitly broken by loop effects of the $U(1)_Y$ hypercharge gauge interaction. In order to make the model consistent at high energies, we construct the most general form of the Higgs potential without the custodial symmetry, and then we derive the one-loop $\beta$-functions for all the model parameters. Read More


The structure of $d^*(2380)$ is re-studied with the single cluster structure in the chiral SU(3) quark model which has successfully been employed to explain the $N-N$ scattering data and the binding energy of deuteron. The binding behavior of such a six quark system is solved by using a variational method. The trial wave function is chosen to be a combination of a basic spherical symmetric component of $[(0s)^6]_{orb}$ in the orbital space with $0\hbar\omega$ excitation and an inner structural deformation component of $[(0s)^5(1s)]_{orb}$ and $[(0s)^4(0p)^2]_{orb}$ in the orbital space with $2\hbar\omega$ excitation, both of which are in the spatial [6] symmetry. Read More


The early reionization (ERE) is supposed to be a physical process which happens after recombination, but before the instantaneous reionization caused by the first generation of stars. We investigate the effect of the ERE on the temperature and polarization power spectra of cosmic microwave background (CMB), and adopt principal components analysis (PCA) to model-independently reconstruct the ionization history during the ERE. In addition, we also discuss how the ERE affects the cosmological parameter estimates, and find that the ERE does not impose any significant influences on the tensor-to-scalar ratio $r$ and the neutrino mass at the sensitivities of current experiments. Read More


In N=1 supergravity the tree-level scalar potential of the hidden sector may have a minimum with broken local supersymmetry (SUSY) as well as a supersymmetric Minkowski vacuum. These vacua can be degenerate, allowing for a consistent implementation of the multiple point principle. The first minimum where SUSY is broken can be identified with the physical phase in which we live. Read More


2017Apr
Affiliations: 1Indian Inst. Tech., Mumbai, 2Indian Inst. Tech., Mumbai, 3CERN & Texas U., Arlington, 4Prague, Inst. Phys.

The Weibull parametrization of the multiplicity distribution is used to describe the multidimensional local fluctuations and genuine multiparticle correlations measured by OPAL in the large statistics $e^{+}e^{-} \to Z^{0} \to hadrons$ sample. The data are found to be well reproduced by the Weibull model up to higher orders. The Weibull predictions are compared to the predictions by the two other models, namely by the negative binomial and modified negative binomial distributions which mostly failed to fit the data. Read More


We present a framework linking axion-like particles (ALPs) to neutrino masses through the minimal inverse seesaw (ISS) mechanism in order to explain the dark matter (DM) puzzle. Specifically, we explore three minimal ISS cases where mass scales are generated through gravity induced operators involving a scalar field hosting ALP. In all of these cases, we find gravity stable models providing the observed DM relic density and, simultaneously, consistent with the phenomenology of neutrinos and ALPs. Read More


After reviewing the key features of the global electroweak fit, I will provide updated results and offer experimental and theoretical contexts. I will also make the case for greater precision and highlight future directions. Read More


We propose a new mechanism of baryogenesis which proceeds via a CP-violating phase transition. During this phase transition, the coupling of the Weinberg operator is dynamically realised and subsequently a lepton asymmetry is generated via the non-zero interference of this operator at different times. This new scenario of leptogenesis provides a direct connection between the baryon asymmetry, low energy neutrino parameters and leptonic flavour models. Read More


We develop a formalism where the hard and soft pomeron contributions to high energy scattering arise as leading Regge poles of a single kernel in holographic QCD. The kernel is obtained using effective field theory inspired by Regge theory of a 5-d string theory. It describes the exchange of higher spin fields in the graviton Regge trajectory that are dual to glueball states of twist two. Read More


We classify $su(N_c)$ gauge theories on $\mathbb R^3\times \mathbb S^1$ with massless fermions in higher representations obeying periodic boundary conditions along $\mathbb S^1$. In particular, we single out the class of theories that is asymptotically free and weakly coupled in the infrared, and therefore, is amenable to semi-classical treatment. Our study is conducted by carefully identifying the vacua inside the affine Weyl chamber using Verma bases and Frobenius formula techniques. Read More


We introduce a method to compute one-loop soft functions for exclusive $N$-jet processes at hadron colliders, allowing for different definitions of the algorithm that determines the jet regions and of the measurements in those regions. In particular, we generalize the $N$-jettiness hemisphere decomposition of ref.~\cite{Jouttenus:2011wh} in a manner that separates the dependence on the jet boundary from the observables measured inside the jet and beam regions. Read More


We consider interference between the Higgs signal and QCD background in $gg\rightarrow h \rightarrow \gamma\gamma$ and its effect on the on-shell Higgs rate. The existence of sizable strong phases leads to destructive interference of about 2% of the on-shell cross section in the Standard Model. This effect can be enhanced by beyond the standard model physics. Read More


We propose a new thermal freeze-out mechanism for ultra-heavy dark matter. Dark matter coannihilates with a lighter unstable species, leading to an annihilation rate that is exponentially enhanced relative to standard WIMPs. This scenario destabilizes any potential dark matter candidate. Read More


A possible hint of dark matter annihilation has been found in Cuoco, Korsmeier and Kr\"amer (2017) from an analysis of recent cosmic-ray antiproton data from AMS-02 and taking into account cosmic-ray propagation uncertainties by fitting at the same time dark matter and propagation parameters. Here, we extend this analysis to a wider class of annihilation channels. We find consistent hints of a dark matter signal with an annihilation cross-section close to the thermal value and with masses in range between 40 and 130 GeV depending on the annihilation channel. Read More


Machine learning techniques are increasingly being applied toward data analyses at the Large Hadron Collider, especially with applications for discrimination of jets with different originating particles. Previous studies of the power of machine learning to jet physics has typically employed image recognition, natural language processing, or other algorithms that have been extensively developed in computer science. While these studies have demonstrated impressive discrimination power, often exceeding that of widely-used observables, they have been formulated in a non-constructive manner and it is not clear what additional information the machines are learning. Read More


We present an analytic computation of the Higgs production cross section in the gluon fusion channel, which is differential in the components of the Higgs momentum and inclusive in the associated partonic radiation through NNLO in perturbative QCD. Our computation includes the necessary higher order terms in the dimensional regulator beyond the finite part that are required for renormalisation and collinear factorisation at N$^3$LO. We outline in detail the computational methods which we employ. Read More


We argue that a large region of so far unconstrained parameter space for axion-like particles (ALPs), where their couplings to the Standard Model are of order $(0.01\!-\!1)\,\mbox{TeV}^{-1}$, can be explored by searches for the exotic Higgs decays $h\to Za$ and $h\to aa$ in Run-2 of the LHC. Almost the complete region in which ALPs can explain the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon can be probed by searches for these decays with subsequent decay $a\to\gamma\gamma$, even if the relevant couplings are loop suppressed and the $a\to\gamma\gamma$ branching ratio is less than~1. Read More


In line with its terms of reference the ICFA Neutrino Panel has developed a roadmapfor the international, accelerator-based neutrino programme. A "roadmap discussion document" was presented in May 2016 taking into account the peer-group-consultation described in the Panel's initial report. The "roadmap discussion document" was used to solicit feedback from the neutrino community---and more broadly, the particle- and astroparticle-physics communities---and the various stakeholders in the programme. Read More


We discuss the implications of the recently reported $R_K$ and $R_{K^*}$ anomalies, the lepton flavor non-universality in the $B\to K\ell^+\ell^-$ and $B\to K^*\ell^+\ell^-$. Using two sets of hadronic inputs of form factors, we perform a fit of the new physics to the $R_K$ and $R_{K^*}$ data, and significant new physics contributions are found. We propose to study the lepton flavor universality in a number of related rare $B, B_s, B_c$ and $\Lambda_b$ decay channels, and in particular we point out the $\mu$-to-$e$ ratios of decay widths with different polarizations of the final state particles, and of the $b\to d\ell^+\ell^-$ processes are presumably more sensitive to the structure of the underlying new physics. Read More


The largest global symmetry that can be made local in the Standard Model + 3$\nu_R$ while being compatible with Pati-Salam unification is $SU(3)_H\times U(1)_{B-L}$. The gauge bosons of this theory would induce flavour effects involving both quarks and leptons, and are a potential candidate to explain the recent reports of lepton universality violation in rare B meson decays. In this letter we characterise this type of models and show how they can accommodate the data and naturally be within reach of direct searches. Read More


As a complementary study to that performed on the transverse momentum ($p_{\rm T}$) spectra of pions, kaons and protons in proton-proton (pp) collisions at LHC energies 0.9, 2.76 and 7 TeV, we present a scaling behaviour in the $p_{\rm T}$ spectra of strange particles ($K_{S}^{0}$, $\Lambda$ and $\Xi$) at these three energies. Read More


A Reply to "Comment on `Finding the $0^{--}$ Glueball' " [arXiv:1702.06634] and comment on `Is the exotic $0^{--}$ glueball a pure gluon state?' [arXiv:1611.08698] Read More


The natural supersymmetry (SUSY) requires light stop quarks, light sbottom quark, and gluino to be around one TeV or lighter. The first generation squarks can be effectively large which does not introduce any hierarchy problem in order to escape the constraints from LHC. In this paper we consider a Yukawa deflect medation to realize the effective natural supersymmetry where the interaction between squarks and messenger are made natural under certain Frogget-Nelson $U(1)_X$ charge. Read More


The reaction e + p ---> photon + jet + X is studied in QCD at the next-to-leading order. Previous studies on inclusive distributions showed a good agreement with ZEUS data. To obtain a finer understanding of the dynamics of the reaction, several correlation functions are evaluated for ZEUS kinematics. Read More


In the next decade several experiments will attempt to determine the neutrino mass hierarchy, i.e. the sign of $\Delta m_{31}^2$. Read More


The recent Madala hypothesis, a conjecture that seeks to explain anomalies within Large Hadron Collider (LHC) data (particularly in the transverse momentum of the Higgs boson), is interesting for more than just a statistical hint at unknown and unpredicted physics. This is because the model itself contains additional new particles that may serve as Dark Matter (DM) candidates. These particles interact with the Standard Model via a scalar mediator boson $S$. Read More


We study the modifications of the amplitudes and cross sections of several processes, especially $e^+e^- \to t\bar t H, t\bar t Z, t\bar b W$, generated by Higgs boson and top quark compositeness, in particular within the CSM concept. We illustrate the observable differences that may appear between various, CSM conserving or CSM violating, compositeness possibilities. Read More


Heavy quark form factors are calculated at $\beta_0 \alpha_s \sim 1$ to all orders in $\alpha_s$ at the first order in $1/\beta_0$. The $n_f^2 \alpha_s^3$ terms in the recent results [arXiv:1611.07535] for the vector form factors are confirmed, and $n_f^{L-1} \alpha_s^L$ terms for higher $L$ are predicted. Read More


We construct a diagrammatic coaction acting on one-loop Feynman graphs and their cuts. The graphs are naturally identified with the corresponding (cut) Feynman integrals in dimensional regularization, whose coefficients of the Laurent expansion in the dimensional regulator are multiple polylogarithms (MPLs). Our main result is the conjecture that this diagrammatic coaction reproduces the combinatorics of the coaction on MPLs order by order in the Laurent expansion. Read More


The objective of this paper is to assess the current theoretical understanding of the extensive set of quarkonium observables (for both charmonia and bottomonia) that have been attained in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions over two orders of magnitude in center-of-mass energy. We briefly lay out and compare the currently employed theoretical frameworks and their underlying transport coefficients, and then analyze excitation functions of quarkonium yields to characterize the nature of the varying production mechanisms. We argue that an overall coherent picture of suppression and regeneration mechanisms emerges which enables to deduce insights on the properties of the in-medium QCD force from SPS via RHIC to LHC, and forms a basis for future quantitative studies. Read More


We study the equation of state of QCD using an improved version of the three-flavor Polyakov-Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model beyond the mean-field approximation. It incorporates the effects of unquenched quarks into the Polyakov-loop effective potential, as well as mesonic contributions to the grand-canonical potential. We study in full detail the calculation of the thermodynamical potential in this approach and compare the resulting pressure and entropy density with the most-recent lattice-QCD calculations at zero baryochemical potential. Read More


One of the simplest extensions of the Standard Model is the inclusion of an additional scalar multiplet, and we consider scalars in the $SU(2)_L$ singlet, triplet, and quartet representations. We examine models with heavy neutral scalars, $m_H\sim 1-2$ TeV, and the matching of the UV complete theories to the low energy effective field theory. We demonstrate the agreement of the kinematic distributions obtained in the singlet models for the gluon fusion of a Higgs pair with the predictions of the effective field theory. Read More


We present a comprehensive analysis of observing a Higgs ($h$), lighter than the discovered Higgs in the context of Type-I 2HDM. The decays to $\gamma \gamma$ and $b \bar{b}$ serve as the promising channels to probe light Higgs in the mass range of 70-110 GeV at 13/14 TeV LHC. The $\gamma \gamma$ channel is analyzed in $ggF$ and $Wh$ production mode and for $b \bar{b}$, associated production of $h$ with $W$ and top pairs is considered. Read More


We solve renormalization group equations that govern infrared divergences of massless and massive form factors. By comparing to recent results for planar massive three-loop and massless four-loop form factors in QCD, we give predictions for the high-energy limit of massive form factors at the four- and for the massless form factor at five-loop order. Furthermore, we discuss the relation which connects infrared divergences regularized dimensionally and via a small quark mass and extend results present in the literature to higher order. Read More


Building upon the fundamental partial compositeness framework we provide consistent and complete composite extensions of the standard model. These are used to determine the effective operators emerging at the electroweak scale in terms of the standard model fields upon consistently integrating out the heavy composite dynamics. We exhibit the first effective field theories matching these complete composite theories of flavour and analyse their physical consequences for the third generation quarks. Read More


Photons and dileptons are emitted throughout the evolution of the deconfined nuclear medium produced in heavy ion collisions. As such they can provide valuable information about the different phases of the medium, and complement hadronic measurements and other observables. In this work, recent developments related to electromagnetic emissions at early time, in the cross-over region, and at late times are reviewed. Read More


Structure formation at small cosmological scales provides an important frontier for dark matter (DM) research. Scenarios with small DM particle masses, large momenta or hidden interactions tend to suppress the gravitational clustering at small scales. The details of this suppression depend on the DM particle nature, allowing for a direct link between DM models and astrophysical observations. Read More


As the calorimetric method of neutrino-energy reconstruction is generally considered to be largely insensitive to nuclear effects, its application seems to be an effective way for reducing systematic uncertainties in oscillation experiments. To verify the validity of this opinion, we quantitatively study the sensitivity of the calorimetric energy reconstruction to the effect of final-state interactions in an ideal detector and in a realistic scenario. We find that when particles escaping detection carry away a non-negligible fraction of neutrino energy, the calorimetric reconstruction method becomes sensitive to nuclear effects which, in turn, affects the outcome of the oscillation analysis. Read More