High Energy Physics - Lattice Publications (50)

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High Energy Physics - Lattice Publications

We analyze the quark-mass dependence of electromagnetic properties of two and three-nucleon states. To that end, we apply the pionless effective field theory to experimental data and numerical lattice calculations which simulate QCD at pion masses of 450~MeV and 806~MeV. At the physical pion mass, we postdict the magnetic moment of helium-3, $\mu_{^3He}=-2. Read More


The supercomputing platforms available for high performance computing based research evolve at a great rate. However, this rapid development of novel technologies requires constant adaptations and optimizations of the existing codes for each new machine architecture. In such context, minimizing time of efficiently porting the code on a new platform is of crucial importance. Read More


We discuss a new technique to evaluate integrals of QCD Green's functions in the Euclidean based on their Mellin-Barnes representation. We present as a first application the evaluation of the lowest order Hadronic Vacuum Polarization (HVP) contribution to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon $\frac{1}{2}(g_{\mu}-2)_{\rm\tiny HVP}\equiv a_{\mu}^{\rm HVP}$. It is shown that with a precise determination of the slope and curvature of the HVP function at the origin from lattice QCD (LQCD), one can already obtain a result for $a_{\mu}^{\rm HVP}$ which may serve as a test of the determinations based on experimental measurements of the $e^+ e^-$ annihilation cross-section into hadrons. Read More


Motivated by the absence of signals of new physics at the LHC, which seems to imply the presence of large mass hierarchies, we investigate the theoretical possibility that these could arise dynamically in new strongly-coupled gauge theories extending the standard model of particle physics. To this purpose, we study lattice data on non-Abelian gauge theories in the (near-)conformal regime---specifically, $\mathrm{SU}(2)$ with $N_{\mathrm{f}}=1$ and $2$ dynamical fermion flavours in the adjoint representation. We focus our attention on the ratio $R$ between the masses of the lightest spin-2 and spin-0 resonances, and draw comparisons with a simple toy model in the context of gauge/gravity dualities. Read More


The hypothesis that the QCD vacuum can be modeled as a dual superconductor is a powerful tool to describe the distribution of the color field generated by a quark-antiquark static pair and, as such, can provide useful clues for the understanding of confinement. In this work we investigate, by lattice Monte Carlo simulations of the $SU(3)$ pure gauge theory and of (2+1)-flavor QCD with physical mass settings, some properties of the chromoelectric flux tube at zero temperature and their dependence on the physical distance between the static sources. We draw some conclusions about the validity domain of the dual superconductor picture. Read More


We evaluate the $\Lambda$-parameter in the $\overline{\mathrm{MS}}$ scheme for the pure SU(3) gauge theory with the twisted gradient flow (TGF) method. A running coupling constant $g_{\mathrm{TGF}}^2(1/L)$ is defined in a finite volume box with size of $L^4$ with the twisted boundary condition. This defines the TGF scheme. Read More


The strangeness $S=-2$ baryon-baryon interaction is investigated directly from the fundamental theory of the strong interaction, QCD. The HAL QCD method enables us to extract baryon interactions from the Nambu-Bethe-Salpeter wave functions without using any experimental information. We present our latest result on the $S = -2$ baryon interactions and discuss the H-dibaryon state using potentials which are calculated by using the (almost) physical point gauge configurations with large lattice volume of$(8. Read More


In order for a Sullivan-like process to provide reliable access to a meson target as $t$ becomes spacelike, the pole associated with that meson should remain the dominant feature of the quark-antiquark scattering matrix and the wave function describing the related correlation must evolve slowly and smoothly. Using continuum methods for the strong-interaction bound-state problem, we explore and delineate the circumstances under which these conditions are satisfied: for the pion, this requires $-t \lesssim 0.6\,$GeV$^2$, whereas $-t\lesssim 0. Read More


We describe a light-weight system of bash scripts for efficiently bundling supercomputing tasks into large jobs, so that one can take advantage of incentives or discounts for requesting large allocations. The software can backfill computational tasks, avoiding wasted cycles, and can streamline collaboration between different users. It is simple to use, functioning similarly to batch systems like PBS, MOAB, and SLURM. Read More


We study the problem of constructing positive representations of complex measures. In this paper we consider complex densities on a direct product of $U(1)$ groups and look for representations by probability distributions on the complexification of those groups. After identifying general necessary and sufficient conditions we propose several concrete realizations. Read More


We discuss some recent results obtained in the study of strong quark-antiquark interactions in the presence of intense external magnetic fields by means of lattice QCD simulations. We confirm previous findings and show that both at zero and finite temperature the external field induces anisotropies in the static quark potential. An in-depth study suggests that the effects are essentially due to the variation of the string tension whose angular dependence can be nicely parametrized by the first allowed term in a Fourier expansion. Read More


We calculate radiative corrections to the lattice quark quasidistribution at one loop to leading orders in the lattice spacing. We also consider one-loop corrections in continuum Euclidean space. We find the infrared behavior of the corrections in Euclidean and Minkowski space are different. Read More


We present a quantum simulation scheme for the Abelian-Higgs lattice gauge theory using ultracold bosonic atoms in optical lattices. The model contains both gauge and Higgs scalar fields, and exhibits interesting phases related to confinement and the Higgs mechanism. The model can be simulated by an atomic Hamiltonian, by first mapping the local gauge symmetry to an internal symmetry of the atomic system, the conservation of hyperfine angular momentum in atomic collisions. Read More


Several UV complete models of physics beyond the Standard Model are currently under scrutiny, their low-energy dynamics being compared with the experimental data from the LHC. Lattice simulations can play a role in these studies by providing a first principles computations of the low-energy constants that describe this low-energy dynamics. In this work, we study in detail a specific model recently proposed by Ferretti, and discuss the potential impact of lattice calculations. Read More


We review recent progress in the calculation of the decay constants $f_{D}$ and $f_{D_s}$ from lattice QCD. We focus particularly on simulations with $N_f=2+1$ and $N_f=2+1+1$ and simulations with close to physical light quark masses. Read More


Tensor-polarized structure functions of a spin-1 hadron are additional observables which do not exist for the spin-1/2 nucleon. They could probe novel aspects of internal hadron structure. Twist-2 tensor-polarized structure functions are $b_1$ and $b_2$, and they are related by $2x b_1 =b_2$ in the Bjorken scaling limit. Read More


We present a systematic study of neutron-proton scattering in Nuclear Lattice Effective Field Theory (NLEFT), in terms of the computationally efficient radial Hamiltonian method. Our leading-order (LO) interaction consists of smeared, local contact terms and static one-pion exchange. We show results for a fully non-perturbative analysis up to next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO), followed by a perturbative treatment of contributions beyond LO. Read More


Nuclear clustering describes the appearance of structures resembling smaller nuclei such as alpha particles (4He nuclei) within the interior of a larger nucleus. While clustering is important for several well-known examples, little is known about the general nature of clustering in nuclei. In this letter we present lattice Monte Carlo calculations based on chiral effective field theory for the ground states of helium, beryllium, carbon, and oxygen isotopes. Read More


We introduce a generalized worldline model where the partition function is a sum over configurations of a conserved flux on a d-dimensional lattice. The weights for the configurations of the corresponding worldlines have factors living on the links of the lattice, as well as terms which live on the sites x and depend on all fluxes attached to x. The model represents a general class of worldline systems, among them the dual representation of the relativistic Bose gas at finite density. Read More


We analyze the pressure and density equations of state of unpolarized non-relativistic fermions at finite temperature in one spatial dimension. For attractively interacting regimes, we perform a third-order lattice perturbation theory calculation, assess its convergence properties by comparing with hybrid Monte Carlo results (there is no sign problem in this regime), and demonstrate agreement with real Langevin calculations. For repulsive interactions, we present lattice perturbation theory results as well as complex Langevin calculations, with a modified action to prevent uncontrolled excursions in the complex plane. Read More


We develop an effective-field-theory (EFT) framework to analyze the spectra emerging from lattice simulations of a large class of confining gauge theories. Simulations of these theories, for which the light-fermion count is not far below the critical value for transition to infrared conformal behavior, have indicated the presence of a remarkably light singlet scalar particle. We incorporate this particle by including a scalar field in the EFT along with the Nambu-Goldstone bosons (NGB's), and discuss the application of this EFT to lattice data. Read More


We report a lattice calculation of nucleon forward matrix elements on a $48^3 \times 96$ lattice at the physical pion mass and a spatial size of 5.5 fm. The $2+1$ flavor dynamical fermion configurations are generated with domain-wall fermions (DWF) and the overlap fermions are adopted for the valence quarks. Read More


We describe in detail the method used in our previous work arXiv:1611.10344 to study the Wilson-Fisher critical points nearby generalized free CFTs, exploiting the analytic structure of conformal blocks as functions of the conformal dimension of the exchanged operator. Our method is equivalent to the mechanism of conformal multiplet recombination set up by null states. Read More


We present a largely model independent analysis of the lighter Heavy Quarkonium Hybrids based on the strong coupling regime of Potential Non-Relativistic QCD (pNRQCD). We calculate the spectrum at leading order, including the mixing of static hybrid states. We use potentials that fulfill the required short and long distance theoretical constraints and fit well the available lattice data. Read More


When aiming at the percent precision in hadronic quantities calculated by means of lattice simulations, isospin breaking effects become relevant. These are of two kinds: up/down mass splitting and electromagnetic corrections. In order to account properly for the latter, a consistent formulation of electrically-charged states in finite volume is needed. Read More


There is numerical evidence that the world sheet action of the confining flux tube in D=3+1 SU(N) gauge theories contains a massive excitation with 0- quantum numbers whose mass shows some decrease as one goes from SU(3) to SU(5). It has furthermore been shown that this particle is naturally described as arising from a topological interaction term in the world-sheet action, so that one can describe it as being `axion'-like. Recently it has been pointed out that if the mass of this `axion' vanishes as N -> oo then it is possible that the world sheet theory is integrable in the planar limit. Read More


We present lattice QCD results of baryon-baryon potentials in S=-3 sector, i.e., \Xi\Sigma (I=3/2) potentials and \Xi\Lambda-\Xi\Sigma coupled channel potentials (I=1/2) by using the 2+1 flavor gauge configurations with almost the physical quark masses generated on 96^4 lattice with 1/a \simeq 2. Read More


We study the flux tubes produced by static quark-antiquark, quark-quark and quark-gluon charges at finite temperature in pure gauge SU(3) lattice QCD. Our sources are static and our lattice correlators are composed of fundamental and adjoint Polyakov loops. To signal the flux tubes, we compute the square densities of the chromomagnetic and chromoelectric fields with plaquettes, in a gauge invariant framework. Read More


The determination of $|V_{us}|$ from kaon semileptonic decays requires the value of the form factor $f_+(q^2=0)$ which can be calculated precisely on the lattice. We provide the one-loop partially quenched chiral perturbation theory expressions both with and without including the effects of staggered quarks for all form factors at finite volume and with partially twisted boundary conditions for both the vector current and scalar density matrix elements at all $q^2$. We point out that at finite volume there are more form factors than just $f_+$ and $f_-$ for the vector current matrix element but that the Ward identity is fully satisfied. Read More


The non-perturbative structure of the photon and gluon propagators plays an important role in governing the dynamics of quantum electrodynamics (QED) and quantum chromodynamics (QCD) respectively. Although it is often assumed that these interacting field propagators can be decomposed into longitudinal and transverse components, as for the free case, it turns out that in general this is not possible. Moreover, the non-abelian gauge symmetry of QCD permits the momentum space gluon propagator to contain additional singular terms involving derivatives of $\delta(p)$, the appearance of which is related to confinement. Read More


A lattice quantum chromodynamics (LQCD) calculation of the nuclear matrix element relevant to the $nn\to ppee\overline{\nu}_e\overline{\nu}_e$ transition is described in detail, expanding on the results presented in Ref. [1]. This matrix element, which involves two insertions of the weak axial current, is an important input for phenomenological determinations of double-$\beta$ decay rates of nuclei. Read More


We compute an analytic expression for the pressure of a weakly magnetized deconfined QCD matter within one-loop Hard-Thermal-Loop perturbation theory (HTLpt) at finite temperature and chemical potential. We also discuss the modification of QCD Debye mass of such matter for an arbitrary magnetic field. It is found to exhibit some interesting features depending upon the three different scales, {\it {i. Read More


We explore the heavy-quark mass region above the charm mass using M\"obius domain-wall fermions on fine lattices at $a = 0.080$, $0.055$, and $0. Read More


Recent progresses in lattice studies of heavy quark and quarkonium at non-zero temperature are discussed. Formulating a tail of spectral functions as a transport coefficient allows lattice determination of momentum diffusion coefficient ($\kappa$) for charm quark in the heavy quark mass limit and lattice determination of heavy quark/heavy anti-quark chemical equilibration rate in NRQCD. Quenched lattice study on a large volume gives $\kappa/T^3 = 1. Read More


In a recent paper we studied the effect of new-physics operators with different Lorentz structures on the semileptonic $\Lambda_b \to \Lambda_c \tau \bar{\nu}_{\tau}$ decay. This decay is of interest in light of the $R({D^{(*)}})$ puzzle in the semileptonic $\bar{B} \to D^{(*)} \tau {\bar\nu}_\tau$ decays. In this work we add tensor operators to extend our previous results and consider both model-independent new physics (NP) and specific classes of models proposed to address the $R({D^{(*)}})$ puzzle. Read More


We present a new auxiliary field representation for the four-fermi term of the gauge-fixed Green-Schwarz superstring action which describes fluctuations around the null-cusp background in $AdS_5\times S^5$. We sketch the main features of the fermionic operator spectrum, identifying the region of parameter space where the sign ambiguity is absent. Measurements for the observables in the setup here described are presented and discussed in a forthcoming publication. Read More


We revisit the puzzle of $|V_{us}|$ values obtained from the conventional implementation of hadronic-$\tau$-decay-based flavor-breaking finite-energy sum rules lying $>3\sigma$ below the expectations of three-family unitarity. Significant unphysical dependences of $| V_{us}|$ on the choice of weight, $w$, and upper limit, $s_0$, of the experimental spectral integrals entering the analysis are confirmed, and a breakdown of assumptions made in estimating higher dimension, $D>4$, OPE contributions is identified as the main source of these problems. A combination of continuum and lattice results is shown to suggest a new implementation of the flavor-breaking sum rule approach in which not only $|V_{us}|$, but also $D>4$ effective condensates, are fit to data. Read More


We study the impact of non-zero (and apparently large) value of the nucleon mass $M$ on the shape of parton quasi-distributions $Q(y,p_3)$, in particular on its change with the change of the nucleon momentum $p_3$. We observe that the usual target-mass corrections induced by the $M$-dependence of the twist-2 operators are rather small. Moreover, we show that within the framework based on parametrizations by transverse momentum dependent distribution functions (TMDs) these corrections are canceled by higher-twist contributions. Read More


The abelian Higgs model is studied on the lattice with charge conjugate boundary conditions. A locally gauge invariant operator for the charged scalar field is constructed and the charged scalar particle mass is calculated in the Coulomb phase of the lattice model. Agreement is found with the mass calculated in Coulomb gauge. Read More


The $\epsilon - p$ is calculated from lattice simulations of two dimensional ${\cal N}=(8,8)$ $SU(N)$ SYM to test the gauge gravity duality. We employ the Sugino action with keeping two of sixteen supercharges exactly on the lattice. The thermodynamics of this gauge theory is described by the black 1-branes at low temperature. Read More


Nuclear forces and hyperon forces are studied by lattice QCD. Simulations are performed with (almost) physical quark masses, $m_\pi \simeq 146$ MeV and $m_K \simeq 525$ MeV, where $N_f=2+1$ nonperturbatively ${\cal O}(a)$-improved Wilson quark action with stout smearing and Iwasaki gauge action are employed on the lattice of $(96a)^4 \simeq (8.1\mbox{fm})^4$ with $a^{-1} \simeq 2. Read More


In this paper we construct the M\"obius domain wall fermions (MDWF) in the Schr\"odinger functional (SF) scheme for the SU(3) gauge theory by adding a boundary operator at the temporal boundary of the SF scheme setup and investigate the property using the perturbation theory. The MDWFs we investigated include the optimal type domain wall, the overlap, the truncated domain wall, and the truncated overlap fermions. We observe the universality of the spectrum of the effective four-dimensional operator at the tree-level. Read More


Accessing hadronic form factors at large momentum transfers has traditionally presented a challenge for lattice QCD simulations. Here we demonstrate how a novel implementation of the Feynman-Hellmann method can be employed to calculate hadronic form factors in lattice QCD at momenta much higher than previously accessible. Our simulations are performed on a single set of gauge configurations with three flavours of degenerate mass quarks corresponding to $m_\pi \approx 470 \text{ MeV}$. Read More


We extract the charm quark mass and the strong coupling constant from the charmonium current correlators calculated with $n_f = 2 + 1$ Mobius domain wall fermions. We match our lattice calculation for the temporal moments of the correlator with perturbative result known up to four-loop order, and extract the charm quark mass with uncertainty less than 1%. Using the temporal moments, we also confirm the correlators in the vector channel to be consistent with the experimental data for the R-ratio. Read More


We calculate the vector and axial-vector current correlators in the coordinate space and compare them with the experimental information obtained through the spectral functions of hadronic tau decays measured by ALEPH. Lattice data are obtained with 2+1 Mobius domain-wall fermions at three lattice spacings 0.044, 0. Read More


Tensor structure of the deuteron can be studied by deep inelastic scattering and Drell-Yan process to understand it in terms of quark and gluon degrees of freedom. It probes interesting features in the deuteron including a D-wave contribution. In the charged-lepton DIS, twist-two structure functions $b_1$ and $b_2$ are expressed by tensor-polarized parton distribution functions (PDFs). Read More


The numerical value of the fine-structure constant generally leads to small isospin-breaking effects due to electromagnetism in QCD. This smallness, however, complicates the determination of isospin breaking from lattice QCD computations that include electromagnetism. One solution to this problem consists of performing computations at larger-than-physical values of the electric charge, and subsequently extrapolating (or interpolating) to the physical value of the fine-structure constant. Read More


We present updated studies on the chiral phase transition in $N_{f}=2+1$ QCD. Simulations have been carried out using Highly Improved Staggered Quarks (HISQ) on lattices with temporal extent $N_{\tau} = 6$ at vanishing baryon chemical potential. We updated our previous study \cite{Ding:2015pmg} by extending the temperature window from (140 MeV, 150 MeV) to (140 MeV, 170 MeV). Read More


Fluctuations of conserved charges allow to study the chemical composition of hadronic matter. A comparison between lattice simulations and the Hadron Resonance Gas (HRG) model suggested the existence of missing strange resonances. To clarify this issue we calculate the partial pressures of mesons and baryons with different strangeness quantum numbers using lattice simulations in the confined phase of QCD. Read More


Studies of the large $N$ behaviour of the topological properties of gauge theories typically focused on the large $N$ scaling of the topological susceptibility. A much more difficult task is the study of the behaviour of higher cumulants of the topological charge in the large $N$ limit, which up to now remained elusive. We will present first results confirming the expected large $N$ scaling of the coefficient commonly denoted by $b_2$, related to the kurtosis of the topological charge. Read More