High Energy Physics - Experiment Publications (50)

Search

High Energy Physics - Experiment Publications

Recent LHCb results on $R_{K^*}$, the ratio of the branching fractions of $B \to K^* \mu^+ \mu^-$ to that of $B \to K^* e^+ e^-$, for the dilepton invariant mass bins $q^2 \equiv m_{\ell\ell}^2 = [0.045 - 1.1]$ GeV$^2$ and $[1. Read More


We explore the implications of the Borexino experiment's real time measurements of the lowest energy part of the neutrino spectrum from the primary pp fusion process up to 0.420 MeV through the 7^Be decay at 0.862 MeV to the pep reaction at 1. Read More


Azimuthally differential femtoscopic measurements, being sensitive to spatio-temporal characteristics of the source as well as to the collective velocity fields at freeze-out, provide very important information on the nature and dynamics of the system evolution. While the HBT radii modulations relative to the second harmonic event plane reflect mostly the spatial geometry of the source, the third harmonic results are mostly defined by the velocity fields. Radii variations with respect to the third harmonic event plane unambiguously signal a collective expansion and anisotropy in the flow fields. Read More


Grids allow users flexible on-demand usage of computing resources through remote communication networks. A remarkable example of a Grid in High Energy Physics (HEP) research is used in the ALICE experiment at European Organization for Nuclear Research CERN. Physicists can submit jobs used to process the huge amount of particle collision data produced by the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Read More


A measurement of the top quark mass (M[t]) in the dileptonic ttbar decay channel is performed using data from proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 8 TeV. The data was recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 +/- 0. Read More


Neutrino mass hierarchy, CP-violation, and octant of $\theta_{23}$ are the fundamental unknowns in neutrino oscillations. In order to address all these three unknowns, we study the physics reach of a setup, where we replace the antineutrino run of T2HK with antineutrinos from muon decay at rest ($\mu$-DAR). This approach has the advantages of having higher statistics in both neutrino and antineutrino modes, and background-free environment for antineutrino beam with reduced systematics. Read More


In this article, we show that making global fits of string theory model parameters to data is an interesting mechanism for probing, mapping and forecasting connections of the theory to real world physics. We considered a large volume scenario (LVS) with D3-branes matter fields and supersymmetry breaking. A global fit of the parameters to low energy data shows that the set of LVS models are associated with light gluinos which are quasi-degenerate with the neutralinos and charginos they can promptly decay into and thus possibly hidden to current LHC gluino search strategies. Read More


The Hyper-Kamiokande (HK) experiment centres around a proposed next-generation underground water Cherenkov detector that will be nearly 20 times larger than the highly successful Super-Kamiokande experiment and use significantly improved photodetectors with the same 40% photocoverage. HK will increase existing sensitivity to proton decay by an order of magnitude, and it will study neutrinos from various sources, including atmospheric neutrinos, solar neutrinos, and supernova neutrinos. In addition to operating as a standalone experiment, HK will serve as the far detector of a long-baseline neutrino experiment using the upgraded J-PARC neutrino beam, enhancing searches for lepton-sector CP violation. Read More


The unique physics opportunities accessible with nuclear collisions at the CERN Future Circular Collider (FCC) are summarized. Lead-lead (PbPb) and proton-lead (pPb) collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 39 and 63 TeV respectively with $\mathcal{L}_{int}$ = 33 nb$^{-1}$ and 8 pb$^{-1}$ monthly integrated luminosities, will provide unprecedented experimental conditions to study quark-gluon matter at temperatures ${\cal O}$(1 GeV). The following topics are succinctly discussed: (i) charm-quark densities thrice larger than at the LHC, leading to direct heavy-quark impact in the bulk QGP properties, (ii) quarkonia, including $\Upsilon(1S)$, melting at temperatures up to five times above the QCD critical temperature, (iii) access to initial-state nuclear parton distributions (nPDF) at fractional momenta as low as $x\approx 10^{-7}$, (iv) availability of $5\cdot 10^5$ top-quark pairs per run to study the high-$x$ gluon nPDF and the energy loss properties of boosted colour-antennas, (v) study of possible Higgs boson suppression in the QGP, and (vi) high-luminosity $\gamma\gamma$ (ultraperipheral) collisions at c. Read More


We use public data from the CMS experiment to study the 2-prong substructure of jets. The CMS Open Data is based on 31.8/pb of 7 TeV proton-proton collisions recorded at the Large Hadron Collider in 2010, yielding a sample of 768,687 events containing a high-quality central jet with transverse momentum larger than 85 GeV. Read More


We analyze the collider signatures of the real singlet extension of the Standard Model in regions consistent with a strong first-order electroweak phase transition and a singlet-like scalar heavier than the Standard Model-like Higgs. A definitive correlation exists between the strength of the phase transition and the trilinear coupling of the Higgs to two singlet-like scalars, and hence between the phase transition and non-resonant scalar pair production involving the singlet at colliders. We study the prospects for observing these processes at the LHC and a future 100 TeV $pp$ collider, focusing particularly on double singlet production. Read More


Recent LHCb data for time-dependent CP violation in $B_d^0 \to \pi^+\pi^-$ and $B^0_s\to K^+K^-$ show deviations from theoretical predictions. Besides their central values for $\mathcal C_{K^+K^-}$, $\mathcal S_{K^+K^-}$ and $\mathcal A^{\Delta \Gamma}_{K^+K^-}$ violate quantum mechanic CPT invariant sum rule (CPT sum rule) prediction of $|\mathcal C_{K^+K^-}|^2 + |\mathcal S_{K^+K^-}| ^2 + |\mathcal A^{\Delta \Gamma}_{K^+K^-}|^2 = 1$ (LHCb data imply the sum to be $0.67\pm 0. Read More


This publication presents the combination of the one-loop matrix-element generator Recola with the multipurpose Monte Carlo program Sherpa. Since both programs are highly automated, the resulting Sherpa+Recola framework allows for the computation of -in principle- any Standard Model process at both NLO QCD and EW accuracy. To illustrate this, three representative LHC processes have been computed at NLO QCD and EW: vector-boson production in association with jets, off-shell Z-boson pair production, and the production of a top-quark pair in association with a Higgs boson. Read More


The Durham High Energy Physics Database (HEPData) has been built up over the past four decades as a unique open-access repository for scattering data from experimental particle physics papers. It comprises data points underlying several thousand publications. Over the last two years, the HEPData software has been completely rewritten using modern computing technologies as an overlay on the Invenio v3 digital library framework. Read More


We introduce a broad class of fractal jet observables that recursively probe the collective properties of hadrons produced in jet fragmentation. To describe these collinear-unsafe observables, we generalize the formalism of fragmentation functions, which are important objects in QCD for calculating cross sections involving identified final-state hadrons. Fragmentation functions are fundamentally nonperturbative, but have a calculable renormalization group evolution. Read More


Tests of lepton-universality as rate ratios in $b\to s \ell\ell$ transitions can be predicted very accurately in the Standard Model. The deficits with respect to expectations reported by the LHCb experiment in muon-to-electron ratios of the $B\to K^{(*)}\ell\ell$ decay rates thus point to genuine manifestations of lepton non-universal new physics. In this paper, we analyse these measurements in the context of effective field theory. Read More


We interpret the recent hints for lepton flavor universality violation in rare $B$ meson decays. Based on a model-independent effective Hamiltonian approach, we determine regions of new physics parameter space that give a good description of the experimental data on $R_K$ and $R_{K^*}$, which is in tension with Standard Model predictions. We suggest further measurements that can help narrowing down viable new physics explanations. Read More


The LHCb discovery of the two baryonic states $P_c^+(4380)$ and $P_c^+(4450)$, having $J^{P}=3/2^-$ and $J^{P}=5/2^+$, respectively, in the process $pp \to b \bar{b} \to \Lambda_b X$, followed by the decay $\Lambda_b \to J/\psi\; p\; K^-$, has motivated a number of theoretical models. Interpreting them as compact $\{\bar{c}\; [c u] \; [ud]; L_{\mathcal{P}}=0,1\}$ objects, the mass spectroscopy of the $J^P=3/2^-$ and $J^P=5/2^+$ pentaquarks was worked out by us for the pentaquarks in the $SU(3)_F$ multiplets, using an effective Hamiltonian based on constituent diquarks and quarks. Their possible discovery modes in $b$-baryon decays were also given using the heavy quark spin symmetry. Read More


The $b\to s\ell^+\ell^-$ processes observed by the LHCb collaboration at 1 and 3 fb$^{-1}$ have exhibited a coherent set of deviations from the Standard Model (SM) predictions, i.e., anomalies, most remarkably in the angular analysis of the $B\to K^*\mu^+\mu^-$ decay and in the Lepton Flavour Universality (LFU) violating ratios $R_{K}$ and (very recently) $R_{K^*}$. Read More


Assuming an existence of an anomalous triple electro-weak bosons interaction being defined by coupling constant $\lambda$, we calculate its contribution to interactions of the Higgs with pairs of heavy particles. Bearing in mind experimental restrictions $-0.011 < \lambda < 0. Read More


We reexamine, update and extend a suggestion we made fifteen years ago for measuring the photon polarization in $b \to s\gamma$ by observing in $B \to K\pi\pi\gamma$ an asymmetry of the photon with respect to the $K\pi\pi$ plane. Asymmetries are calculated for different charged final states due to intermediate $K_1(1400)$ and $K_1(1270)$ resonant states. Three distinct interference mechanisms are identified contributing to asymmetries at different levels for these two kaon resonances. Read More


We present a derivation of coherent helicity amplitudes for a particle decaying into multifinal states with nonzero spins. The results show that the coherent amplitudes introduce additional rotations to transform the helicities into a consistent helicity system, which allows us to add helicity amplitudes for different decay chains coherently. These rotations may have significant effects on the interference between the decay chains in the partial wave analysis. Read More


The splitting function is a universal property of quantum chromodynamics (QCD) which describes how energy is shared between partons. Despite its ubiquitous appearance in many QCD calculations, the splitting function cannot be measured directly since it always appears multiplied by a collinear singularity factor. Recently, however, a new jet substructure observable was introduced which asymptotes to the splitting function for sufficiently high jet energies. Read More


Searches for double beta decay of $^{134}\text{Xe}$ were performed with EXO-200, a single-phase liquid xenon detector designed to search for neutrinoless double beta decay of $^{136}\text{Xe}$. Using an exposure of $29.6\text{ kg}\!\cdot\!\text{yr}$, the lower limits of $\text{T}_{1/2}^{2\nu\beta\!\beta}>8. Read More


The processes $e^+e^-\to K^0_{\scriptscriptstyle S}K^\pm\pi^{\mp}\pi^0$ and $e^+e^-\to K^0_{\scriptscriptstyle S}K^\pm\pi^{\mp}\eta$ are studied over a continuum of energies from threshold to 4 GeV with the initial-state photon radiation method. Using 454 fb$^{-1}$ data collected with the BABAR detector at the SLAC PEP-II storage ring, the first measurements of the cross sections for these processes are obtained. The intermediate resonance structures from $K^{*0}(K\pi)^0$, $K^{*}(892)^\pm(K\pi)^\mp$ and $K^0_{\scriptscriptstyle S}K^\pm\rho^{\mp}$ are studied. Read More


One surprising result in relativistic heavy-ion collisions is that the abundance of various particles measured in experiments is consistent with the picture that they reach chemical equilibrium at a temperature much higher than the temperature they freeze out kinetically. Using a multiphase transport model to study particle production in these collisions, we find that the above result is due to the constancy of the entropy per particle during the evolution of the hadronic matter from the chemical to the kinetic freeze-out. We further use a hadron resonance gas model to illustrate the result from the transport model study. Read More


The mass and pole residue of the ground and first radially excited $ \Omega_c^{0}$ states with spin-parities $J^{P}=1/2^{+},\,3/2^{+}$, as well as P-wave $\Omega_c^{0}$ with $J^{P}=1/2^{-},\,3/2^{-}$ are calculated by means of the two-point QCD sum rules. The strong decays of $\Omega_c^{0}$ baryons are also studied and width of these decay channels are computed. The relevant computations are performed in the context of the full QCD sum rules on the light-cone. Read More


Vector-boson scattering (VBS) processes provide particularly promising means for probing the mechanism of electroweak symmetry breaking and to search for new physics in the weak sector. In the environment of a future proton-proton collider operating at a center-of-mass energy of 100 TeV, unprecedented opportunities arise for the investigation of this important class of reactions. We highlight the prominent features of VBS processes in this energy regime and discuss how the VBS signal can be isolated in the presence of a priori large QCD backgrounds. Read More


We present two measurements related to jet production in p+p and central Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{{s}_{NN}}$=200 GeV. Firstly, a study of semi-inclusive charged recoil jets coincident with high-$\rm{p_{T}}$ direct-photon and neutral pions, and secondly, the hadron correlations with respect to reconstructed di-jet triggers. Indication of medium effects is observed by comparing $\gamma$+jet and $\pi^{0}$+jet measurements. Read More


High Energy Physics (HEP) distributed computing infrastructures require automatic tools to monitor, analyze and react to potential security incidents. These tools should collect and inspect data such as resource consumption, logs and sequence of system calls for detecting anomalies that indicate the presence of a malicious agent. They should also be able to perform automated reactions to attacks without administrator intervention. Read More


The study of identified particle production as a function of proton-proton (pp) collision energy and multiplicity is a key tool for understanding similarities and differences between small and large collision systems. We report on the production of $\pi^{\pm}$, $K^{\pm}$, $K^{0}_{S}$, $p (\bar{p})$, $\Lambda (\bar{\Lambda})$, $\Xi^{\pm}$ and $\Omega^{\pm}$ measured in pp collisions for $\sqrt{s}$ ranging from 0.9 to~13~TeV with ALICE. Read More


The availability at the LHC of the largest collision energy in pp collisions allows a significant advance in the measurement of $J/\psi$ production as function of event multiplicity. The interesting relative increase observed with data at the LHC at $\sqrt{s} = 7\,\mathrm{TeV}$ and at RHIC at $\sqrt{s} = 0.2\,\mathrm{TeV}$ is studied now at unprecedented multiplicities at $\sqrt{s} = 13\,\mathrm{TeV}$. Read More


Ultra-peripheral collisions are the energy frontier for photon-mediated interactions, reaching, at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), $\gamma-p$ center of mass energies five to ten times higher than at HERA and reaching $\gamma\gamma$ energies higher than at LEP. Photoproduction of heavy quarkonium and dijets in $pp$ and $pA$ collisions probes the gluon distribution in protons at Bjorken-$x$ values down to $3\times10^{-6}$, far smaller than can be otherwise studied. In $AA$ collisions, these reactions probe the gluon distributions in heavy ions, down to $x$ values of a few $10^{-5}$. Read More


Measurements of the solar neutrino mass-squared difference from KamLAND and solar neutrino data are somewhat discrepant, perhaps due to nonstandard neutrino interactions in matter. We show that the zenith angle distribution of solar neutrinos at Hyper-Kamiokande and the energy spectrum of reactor antineutrinos at JUNO can conclusively confirm the discrepancy and detect new neutrino interactions. Read More


While indirect & direct CP violations (CPV) had been established in the decays of strange & beauty mesons, none have been done for baryons. There are different "roads" for finding CP asymmetries in the decays of strange baryons; they are highly non-trivial ones. The HyperCP Collaboration had probed CPV in the decays of single $\Xi$ & $\Lambda$ [Phys. Read More


SoLid, located at SCK-CEN in Mol, Belgium, is a reactor antineutrino experiment at a very short baseline of 5.5 -- 10m aiming at the search for sterile neutrinos and for high precision measurement of the neutrino energy spectrum of Uranium-235. It uses a novel approach using Lithium-6 sheets and PVT cubes as scintillators for tagging the Inverse Beta-Decay products (neutron and positron). Read More


Among the probes used to investigate the properties of the Quark-Gluon Plasma, the measurement of the energy loss of high-energy partons can be used to put constraints on energy-loss models and to ultimately access medium characteristics, such as the energy density or the temperature. The study of two-particle correlations allows us to obtain very different constraints compared to the nuclear modification factor. In particular, the correlation of charged hadrons with high energy $\pi^{0}$ or direct photons is believed to give a measurement of the parton energy loss and insights into the medium-induced modification of the fragmentation process. Read More


The lack of observation of supersymmetry thus far implies that the weak supersymmetry scale is larger than what was thought before the LHC era. This observation is strengthened by the Higgs boson mass measurement at $\sim 125$ GeV which within supersymmetric models implies a large loop correction and a weak supersymmetry scale lying in the several TeV region. In addition if neutralino is the dark matter, its relic density puts further constraints on models often requiring coannihilation to reduce the neutralino relic density to be consistent with experimental observation. Read More


An overview of ALICE results on the measurement of J/{\psi} production in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV collected during the LHC Run-1 period is presented, as well as first results at forward rapidity from pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV collected during the LHC Run-2 period. In particular, the measurement of J/{\psi} production as a function of transverse momentum and charged-particle multiplicity are discussed and compared to theoretical model calculations. Read More


Presence of the light gravitino as dark matter candidate in a supersymmetric (SUSY) model opens up interesting collider signatures consisting of one or more hard photons together with multiple jets and missing transverse energy from the cascade decay. We investigate such signals at the 13 TeV LHC in presence of compressed SUSY spectra, consistent with the Higgs mass as well as collider and dark matter constraints. We analyse and compare the discovery potential in different benchmark scenarios consisting of both compressed and uncompressed SUSY spectra, considering different levels of compression and intermediate decay modes. Read More


We discuss the main factors affecting the design of accelerators aiming to investigate physics at the GUT scale. The most important constraints turn out to be the energy used and the time taken to accumulate sufficient luminosity. We propose a photon collider design, where the photons are generated by undulator radiation from high energy muon beams. Read More


Direct photons, being colorless objects, provide an unmodified control particle that can be used in conjunction with jets to probe the quark-gluon plasma. To leading order the direct photon momentum balances the momentum of opposing jets and can therefore provide a clean handle on the jet energy. Therefore, angular correlations with direct photons provide a mechanism to study the fragmentation of the opposing jet without performing jet reconstruction. Read More


We developed a Friedrichs-model-like scheme in studying the hadron resonance phenomenology and present that the hadron resonances might be regarded as the Gamow states produced by a Hamiltonian in which the bare discrete state is described by the result of usual quark potential model and the interaction part is described by the quark pair creation model. In an almost parameter-free calculation, the $X(3862)$, $X(3872)$, and $X(3930)$ state could be simultaneously produced with a quite good accuracy by coupling the three P-wave states, $\chi_{c2}(2P)$, $\chi_{c1}(2P)$, $\chi_{c0}(2P)$ predicted in the Godfrey-Isgur model to the $D\bar D$, $D\bar D^{*}$, $D^*\bar D^*$ continuum states. At the same time, we predict that the $h_c(2P)$ state is at about 3890 MeV with a width of about 44 MeV. Read More


$L_\mu -L_\tau$ gauge boson ($Z'$) with a mass in the MeV to GeV region can resolve not only the muon $g-2$ excess, but also the gap in the high-energy cosmic neutrino spectrum at IceCube. It was recently proposed that such a light gauge boson can be detected at the Belle II experiment with a luminosity of 50 ab$^{-1}$ by the $e^+ e^- \to \gamma +\slashed{E}$ process through the kinetic mixing with the photon, where the missing energy $\slashed{E}$ is from the $Z' \to \bar\nu \nu$ decays. We study the phenomenological implications when a pair of singlet vector-like leptons carrying different $L_\mu - L_\tau$ charges are included, and a complex singlet scalar ($\phi_S$) is introduced to accomplish the spontaneous $U(1)_{L_\mu -L_\tau}$ symmetry breaking. Read More


TPC is a promising technology for the future electron positron colliders. However, its application might be limited at high event rate and high hit occupancies. In this paper, we study the feasibility of using TPC at the circular electron positron collider (CEPC) at $Z$ pole using full simulated $Z \rightarrow q\bar{q}$ samples. Read More


Light nuclei have much smaller binding energy compared to the temperature of the system created in heavy-ion collisions. Consequently, the distributions of light nuclei can be used to probe the freeze-out properties, such as correlation volume and local baryon density of the medium created in high-energy nuclear collisions. In this paper, we report the results of deuteron and anti-deuteron production in Au+Au collision at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}$ = 7. Read More


We present a feasibility study of top-quark mass measurement using the energy distribution of a lepton from a W boson in a top quark decay in pp collisions at the LHC. The proposed method requires only the lepton energy distribution at the parton level. The analysis is performed in the lepton + jets final state by using fast simulation data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of approximately 20 fb-1 at 14 TeV. Read More


The LHCb experiment offers the unique opportunity to study heavy-ion interactions in the forward region (2 Read More