General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology Publications (50)


General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology Publications

The black hole information paradox presumes that quantum field theory in curved spacetime can provide unitary propagation from a near-horizon mode to an asymptotic Hawking quantum. Instead of invoking conjectural quantum gravity effects to modify such an assumption, we propose a self-consistency check. We establish an analogy to Feynman's analysis of a double-slit experiment. Read More

On an asymptotically flat manifold $M^n$ with nonnegative scalar curvature, with outer minimizing boundary $\Sigma$, we prove a Penrose-like inequality in dimensions $ n < 8$, under suitable assumptions on the mean curvature and the scalar curvature of $ \Sigma$. Read More

With the first two detections in late 2015, astrophysics has officially entered into the new era of gravitational wave observations. Since then, much has been going on in the field with a lot of work focussing on the observations and implications for astrophysics and tests of general relativity in the strong regime. However much less is understood about how gravitational detectors really work at their fundamental level. Read More

We study scenarios of parallel cyclic multiverses which allow for a different evolution of the physical constants, while having the same geometry. These universes are classically disconnected, but quantum-mechanically entangled. Applying the thermodynamics of entanglement, we calculate the temperature and the entropy of entanglement. Read More

We derive a working model for the Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff equation for quark star systems within the modified $f(T, \mathcal{T})$-gravity class of models. We consider $f(T, \mathcal{T})$-gravity for a static spherically symmetric space-time. In this instance the metric is built from a more fundamental tetrad vierbein from which the metric tensor can be derived. Read More

In the extended phase space, a general method is used to derive all the possible adiabatic processes for charged AdS black hole. Two kinds are found, one is zero temperature adiabatic process which is irreversible, the other is isochore adiabatic process which is reversible. For the zero temperature adiabatic expansion process, entropy is increasing; pressure, enthalpy, Gibbs free energy and internal energy are decreasing; system's potential energy is transformed to the work done by the system to the outer system. Read More

Usual gauge fixing procedures in classical general relativity rely on the existence of solutions of a second order wave equation. We propose to use the equation to relate asymptotic symmetries at infinity to asymptotic symmetries of a black hole horizon, in tune with recent proposals. We illustrate the construction for the BTZ and four-dimensional Kerr black holes. Read More

In this paper we review various models of curvature singularity free black holes. In the first part of the review we describe semi-classical solutions of the Einstein equations which, however, contains a "quantum" input through the matter source. We start by reviewing the early model by Bardeen where the metric is regularized by-hand through a short-distance cut-off, which is justified in terms of non-linear electro-dynamical effects. Read More

In the present work a generalization of the BTZ black hole is studied, for the case of scale dependent couplings. One starts by using the effective action for scale dependence couplings to get a generalization of the Einstein field equations. Self consistent solutions for lapse function, cosmological coupling and Newtons coupling are found. Read More

From the Schwarzschild metric we obtain the higher-order terms (up to 20-th order) for the deflection of light around a massive object using the Lindstedt-Poincar\'e method to solve the equation of motion of a photon around the stellar object. Additionally, we obtain diagonal Pad\'e approximants from the perturbation expansion, and we show how these are a better fit for the numerical data. Furthermore, we use these approximants in ray-tracing algorithms to model the bending of light around the massive object. Read More

We argue that $isotropic$ scalar fluctuations in solid inflation are adiabatic in the super-horizon limit. During the solid phase this adiabatic mode has peculiar features: constant energy-density slices and comoving slices do not coincide, and their curvatures, parameterized respectively by $\zeta$ and $\mathcal R$, both evolve in time. The existence of this adiabatic mode implies that Maldacena's squeezed limit consistency relation holds after angular average over the long mode. Read More

A fourth-order theory of gravity is considered which in terms of dynamics has the same degrees of freedom and number of constraints as those of scalar-tensor theories. In addition it admits a canonical point-like Lagrangian description. We study the critical points of the theory and we show that it can describe the matter epoch of the universe and that two accelerated phases can be recovered one of which describes a de Sitter universe. Read More

Based on the Effective Field Theory (EFT) of cosmological perturbations, we revisit the nonsingular cosmologices, without using the integral inequality. We clarify the pathology in nonsingular cubic Galileon models and show how to cure it in EFT with new insights into this issue. With a new application of $R^{(3)}\delta g^{00}$ operator, we build a model with a Genesis phase followed by slow-roll inflation. Read More

In exactly solvable quantum mechanical systems, ladder and intertwining operators play a central role because, if they are found, the energy spectrums can be obtained algebraically. In this paper, we study such features of ladder and intertwining operators in a unified way, in which we make the operators to depend on parameters. It is shown that, when ladder operators depend on a parameter, the ordinary commutation relation for ladder operators is modified in a natural way. Read More

The recently proposed coupled scalar tachyon bounce (CSTB) model is a bounce universe model based on Type IIB string theory. We investigate the dynamics of fluctuations across the bounce point and check whether the scale invariance of the spectrum of the primordial density perturbations generated during the phase of matter-dominated contraction is preserved by the bounce. To this end we utilize the AdS/CFT correspondence: we map the fluctuations onto the boundary before the onset of the strongly coupled gravitational interactions in the bulk. Read More

Searching for pseudo-Nambu--Goldstone bosons (pNGBs) in weak-coupling domains is crucial for understanding the dark components in the universe. We propose searching for pNGBs coupled to two photons in the mass range from 0.1~eV to 10~keV. Read More

We propose a new holographic dual of conformal field theory defined on a manifold with boundaries, i.e. BCFT. Read More

A spherically symmetric collapsing scalar field model is discussed with a dissipative fluid which includes a heat flux. This vastly general matter distribution is analyzed at the expense of a high degree of symmetry in the space-time, that of conformal flatness and self-similarity. Indeed collapsing models terminating into a curvature singularity can be obtained. Read More

An analogue of the Oppenheimer-Synder collapsing model is treated analytically, where the matter source is a scalar field with an exponential potential. An exact solution is derived followed by matching to a suitable exterior geometry, and an analysis of the visibility of the singularity. In some situations, the collapse indeed leads to a finite time curvature singularity, which is always hidden from the exterior by an apparent horizon. Read More

Symmetry algebras of Killing vector fields and conformal Killing vectors fields can be extended to Killing-Yano and conformal Killing-Yano superalgebras in constant curvature manifolds. By defining $\mathbb{Z}$-gradations and filtrations of these superalgebras, we show that the second cohomology groups of them are trivial and they cannot be deformed to other Lie superalgebras. This shows the rigidity of Killing-Yano and conformal Killing-Yano superalgebras and reveals the fact that they correspond to geometric invariants of constant curvature manifolds. Read More

The problem of spinning and spin deviation equations for particles as defined by their microscopic effect has led many authors to revisit non-Riemannian geometry for being described torsion and its relation with the spin of elementary particles. We obtain a new method to detect the existence of torsion by deriving the equations of spin deviations in different classes of non-Riemannian geometries, using a modified Bazanski method. We find that translational gauge potentials and rotational gauge potentials regulate the spin deviation equation in the presence of Poincare gauge field theory of gravity. Read More

We develop a general framework for the open dynamics of an ensemble of quantum particles subject to spacetime fluctuations about the flat background. An arbitrary number of interacting bosonic and fermionic particles are considered. A systematic approach to the generation of gravitational waves in the quantum domain is presented that recovers known classical limits in terms of the quadrupole radiation formula and back-reaction dissipation. Read More

Non-equilibrium and equilibrium thermodynamics of an interacting component of a special-relativistic multi-component system is discussed by using an entropy identity. The special case of the corresponding free component is considered. Read More

It is common to use Galilean rotational transformation to investigate the Unruh effect for uniformly rotating observers. However, the rotating observer in this subject is an eccentric observer while Galilean rotational transformation is only valid for centrally rotating observers. Thus, the reliability of the results of applying Galilean rotational transformation to the study of the Unruh effect might be considered as questionable. Read More

We establish the existence of $1$-parameter families of $\epsilon$-dependent solutions to the Einstein-Euler equations with a positive cosmological constant $\Lambda >0$ and a linear equation of state $p=\epsilon^2 K \rho$, $0Read More

In this paper we compare the performance of two likelihood ratio based detection statistics namely maximum likelihood ratio statistic and {\it hybrid} statistic in the context of multi-detector coherent gravitational wave search for the compact binary coalescence in various 2, 3, 4 and 5 detector networks. We perform simulations for non-spinning neutron star - black hole binary injections distribution in a distance range $100$Mpc - $1200$Mpc uniform in volume. We observe that, on average, the maximum likelihood ratio statistic recover $\sim 35. Read More

We study a class of limits of the higher-dimensional Kerr-NUT-(A)dS spacetimes where particular roots of metric functions degenerate. Namely, we obtain the Taub-NUT-(A)dS and the extreme near-horizon geometries as two examples of our limiting procedure. The symmetries of the resulting spacetimes are enhanced which is manifested by the presence of supplementary Killing vectors and decomposition of Killing tensors into Killing vectors. Read More

In the present paper, we study the thermodynamics behavior of the field equations for the generalized f(T) gravity with an arbitrary coupling between matter and the torsion scalar. In this regard, we explore the verification of the first law of thermodynamics at the ap- parent horizon of the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker universe in two different perspectives namely the non-equilibrium and equilibrium de- scriptions of thermodynamics. Furthermore, we investigate the valid- ity of the second law of thermodynamics for both descriptions of this scenario with assumption that the temperature of matter inside the horizon is similar to that of horizon. Read More

We use the Dirac equation in a fixed black hole background and different independent techniques to demonstrate the absence of fermionic bound states around a Schwarzschild black hole. In particular, we show that no embedded eigenvalues exist which have been claimed for the case when the energy is less than the particle's mass. We explicitly prove that the claims regarding the embedded eigenvalues can be traced back to an oversimplified approximation in the calculation. Read More

We consider gauge invariant cosmological perturbations in UV-modified, z=3 Horava gravity with one scalar matter field, which has been proposed as a renormalizable gravity theory without the ghost problem in four dimensions. In order to exhibit its dynamical degrees of freedom, we consider the Hamiltonian reduction method and find that, by solving "all" the constraint equations, the degrees of freedom are the same as those of Einstein gravity: One scalar and two tensor (graviton) modes when a scalar matter field presents. However, we confirm that there is no extra graviton modes and general relativity is recovered in IR, which achieves the consistency of the model. Read More

In this work we investigate a inflationary scenario generated by a large scalar field $\phi$ that non-minimally couples to a $f(R)$ modified gravity model. For a Starobinsky's like model, it is found that along a particular flat direction, the scalar potential takes a simple form $V = (M_p^4/4) [V(\phi)/\alpha(\phi)^2]$ where $\alpha(\phi)$ is a non-minimal coupling to Ricci scalar $R$ in the model. The inflation, therefore, is effectively represented as a single field inflaton scenario. Read More

We use quantum energy teleportation in the light-matter interaction as an operational means to create quantum field states that violate energy conditions and have negative local stress-energy densities. We show that the protocol is optimal in the sense that it scales in a way that saturates the quantum interest conjecture. Read More

A principal goal of gravitational-wave astronomy is to constrain the neutron star equation of state (EOS) by measuring the tidal deformability of neutron stars. The tidally induced departure of the waveform from that of point-particle (or spinless binary black hole (BBH)) increases with the stiffness of the EOS. We show that causality (the requirement that the speed of sound is less than the speed of light for a perfect fluid satisfying a one-parameter equation of state) places an upper bound on tidal deformability as a function of mass. Read More

Generalising the results in arXiv:1612.00281, we construct infinite-dimensional families of non-singular stationary space times, solutions of Yang-Mills-Higgs-Einstein-Maxwell-Chern-Simons-dilaton-scalar field equations with a negative cosmological constant. The families include an infinite-dimensional family of solutions with the usual AdS conformal structure at conformal infinity. Read More

The study on the stability of relativistic disks is one of the most important criteria for the characterization of astrophysically relevant galactic or accretion disks models. In this paper, we perform an analysis of the stability of static axisymmetric relativistic thin disks, by introducing a first-order perturbation into the energy-momentum tensor of the fluid. The formalism is applied to three particular models built with the aid of the displace-cut-reflect (DCR) method, and previously considered in literature (Ujevic and Letelier, 2004), but modifying the mass criteria, i. Read More

In this work we propose a new general model of eternal cyclic Universe. We start from the assumption that quantum gravity corrections can be effectively accounted by the addition of higher order curvature terms in the Lagrangian density for gravity. It is also taken into account that coefficients associated with these curvature corrections will in general be dependent on a curvature regime. Read More

Most available studies of quasi-normal modes for Lifshitz black solutions are limited to the neutral scalar perturbations. In this paper, we investigate the wave dynamics of massive charged scalar perturbation in the background of $(3+1)$-dimensional charged dilaton Lifshitz black branes/holes. We disclose the dependence of the quasi-normal modes on the model parameters, such as the Lifshitz exponent $z$, the mass and charge of the scalar perturbation field and the charge of the Lifshitz configuration. Read More

Five dimensional Chern-Simons theory with (anti-)de Sitter SO(1,5) or SO(2,4) gauge invariance presents an alternative to General Relativity with cosmological constant. We consider the zero-modes of its Kaluza-Klein compactification to four dimensions. Solutions with vanishing torsion are obtained in the cases of a spherically symmetric 3-space and of a homogeneous and isotropic 3-space, which reproduce the Schwarzshild-de Sitter and $\Lambda$CDM cosmological solutions of General Relativity. Read More

In this letter, we consider dark matter annihilation in the gravitational field of noncommutative black holes. At final stage of evaporation, we hypothesize the existence of a thermal equilibrium state composed of a burning black hole relics fueled by dark matter accretion. Read More

The recent fast growth of a population of millisecond pulsars with precisely measured mass provides an excellent opportunity to characterize these compact stars at an unprecedented level. This is because the stellar parameter values can be accurately computed for known mass and spin rate and an assumed equation of state (EoS) model. For each of the 16 such pulsars and for a set of EoS models from nucleonic, hyperonic, strange quark matter and hybrid classes, we numerically compute fast spinning stable stellar parameter values considering the full effect of general relativity. Read More

In a recent paper (arXiv:1612.00266), we reported the results of the first search for echoes from Planck-scale modifications of general relativity near black hole event horizons using the public data release by the Advanced LIGO gravitational wave observatory. While we found tentative evidence (at $\simeq 3 \sigma$ level) for the presence of these echoes, our statistical methodology was challenged by Ashton, et al. Read More

We analyze time evolution of a spherically-symmetric collapsing matter from a point of view that black holes evaporate by nature. We consider conformal matters and solve the semi-classical Einstein equation $G_{\mu\nu}=8\pi G \langle T_{\mu\nu} \rangle$ by using the 4-dimensional Weyl anomaly with a large $c$ coefficient. Here $\langle T_{\mu\nu} \rangle$ contains the contribution from both the collapsing matter and Hawking radiation. Read More

The Unruh effect -- according to which linearly accelerated observers with proper acceleration a= constant in the (no-particle) vacuum state of inertial observers experience a thermal bath of particles with temperature $T_U = a \hbar / (2 \pi k_B c)$ -- has just completed its 40$^{th}$ anniversary. A 'direct' experimental confirmation of the Unruh effect has been seen with concern because the linear acceleration needed to reach a temperature $1 K$ is of order $10^{20} m/s^2$. Although the Unruh effect can be rigorously considered as well tested as free quantum field theory itself, it would be satisfying to observe some lab phenomenon which could evidence its existence. Read More

We present an exact analytical bouncing solution for a closed universe filled with only one exotic fluid with negative pressure, obeying a Generalized Equations of State (GEoS) of the form $P(\rho)=A\rho+B\rho^{\lambda}$, where $A$, $B$ and $\lambda$ are constants. In our solution $A=-1/3$ and $\lambda=1/2$ and $B<0$ is kept as a free parameter. For particular values of the initial conditions, we obtain that our solution obeys Null Energy Condition (NEC), which allows us to reinterpret the matter source as that of a real scalar field, $\phi$, with a positive kinetic energy and a potential $V(\phi)$. Read More

Despite the wealth of $Planck$ results, there are difficulties in disentangling the primordial non-Gaussianity of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) from the secondary and the foreground non-Gaussianity (NG). For each of these forms of NG the lack of complete data introduces model-dependencies. Aiming at detecting the NGs of the CMB temperature anisotropy $\delta T$, while paying particular attention to a model-independent quantification of NGs, our analysis is based upon statistical and morphological univariate descriptors, respectively: the probability density function $P(\delta T)$, related to $v_{0}$, the first Minkowski Functional (MF), and the two other MFs, $v_{1}$ and $v_{2}$. Read More

A personal recollection of events that preceded the construction of Supergravity and of some subsequent developments. Read More

The effect of primordial massive gravitational waves on the BB-mode correlation angular power spectrum of CMB is studied for several inflation models. The angular power spectrum with the BICEP2/Keck Array and Planck joint data suggests further constraint on the lower and upper bounds on the mass of primordial gravitons Read More

We characterize Cauchy data sets leading to vacuum space-times with vanishing Mars-Simon tensor. This approach provides an algorithmic procedure to check whether a given initial data set $(\Sigma,h_{ij},K_{ij})$ evolves into a space-time which is locally isometric to a member of the Kerr-(A)(dS) family. Read More

We study the global structure of dyonic fields on a Taub-Bolt background, and compare our results with similar fields over Taub-NUT and Schwarzschild spaces. It is shown that the electric/magnetic charge is in fact a topological quantum number for Bolt configurations. The quantization condition is similar to that of Dirac's magnetic monopole. Read More