General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology Publications (50)

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General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology Publications

We derive the trace and diffeomorphism anomalies of the Schr\"odinger field on the Newton-Cartan background in $2+1$ dimensions using Fujikawa's approach. The resulting trace anomaly contains terms which have the form of the $1+1$ and $3+1$ dimensional relativistic anomalies. We further determine the coefficients in this case and demonstrate that gravitational anomalies for this theory always arise in odd dimensions. Read More


This is a review of the results on black hole physics in the framework of loop quantum gravity. The key feature underlying the results is the discreteness of geometric quantities at the Planck scale predicted by this approach to quantum gravity. Quantum discreteness follows directly from the canonical quantization prescription when applied to the action of general relativity that is suitable for the coupling of gravity with gauge fields and specially with Fermions. Read More


A physically plausible Lema{\^{\i}}tre-Tolman-Bondi collapse in the marginally bound case is considered. By "physically plausible" we mean that the corresponding metric is ${\cal C}^1$ matched at the collapsing star surface and further that its {\em intrinsic} energy is, as due, stationary and finite. It is proved for this Lema{\^{\i}}tre-Tolman-Bondi collapse, for some parameter values, that its intrinsic central singularity is globally naked, thus violating the cosmic censorship conjecture with, for each direction, one photon, or perhaps a pencil of photons, leaving the singularity and reaching the null infinity. Read More


We present a single domain Galerkin-Collocation method to calculate puncture initial data sets for single and binary, either in the trumpet or wormhole geometries. The combination of aspects belonging to the Galerkin and the Collocation methods together with the adoption of spherical coordinates in all cases show to be very effective. We have proposed a unified expression for the conformal factor to describe trumpet and spinning black holes. Read More


We develop a general approach to analytically calculate the shift $\Delta\mathcal{O}$ that observable quantities $\mathcal{O}$ pertaining binary systems experience because of the orbital perturbations affecting the motion around their center of mass. In particular, we deal with the disturbance $\Delta\delta\tau_\textrm{p}$ suffered by the otherwise periodic change $\delta\tau_\textrm{p}$ of the ratio of the projection $z_\textrm{p}$ of the barycentric orbital motion of the binary's visible member p along the line of sight $\boldsymbol{\hat{e}}_3$ to the speed of light $c$ because of some Newtonian and post-Newtonian (pN) non-central accelerations (mass quadrupole $Q_2$, 1pN static and stationary field). We apply our results to the double pulsar system PSR J0737-3039A/B and to the hypothetic scenario involving a pulsar orbiting the Supermassive Black Hole in in the Galactic Center at Sgr A$^\ast$. Read More


We study asymptotic safety of models of the higher derivative quantum gravity with and without matter. The beta functions are derived by utilizing the functional renormalization group, and non-trivial fixed points are found. It turns out that all couplings in gravity sector, namely the cosmological constant, the Newton constant, and the $R^2$ and $R_{\mu\nu}$ coupling constants, are relevant in case of higher derivative pure gravity. Read More


We propose a new class of inflationary models in which inflation takes place while the inflaton is climbing up a potential hill due to a gravity effect. We study their attractor behavior, and investigate its relation with known attractors. We also discuss a possible realization of this type of models with the natural inflation, and show that the inflationary predictions come well within the region consistent with the observation of the cosmic microwave background. Read More


We investigate how various inflationary and bouncing cosmologies can be realized by imperfect fluids with a generalized equation of state, in the context of both classical and loop quantum cosmology. With regards to the inflationary cosmologies, we study the intermediate inflation scenario, the $R^2$ inflation scenario and two constant-roll inflation scenarios and with regards to the bouncing cosmologies we study the matter bounce scenario, the singular bounce and the super bounce scenario. Within the context of the classical cosmology, we calculate the spectral index of the power spectrum of primordial curvature perturbations, the scalar-to-tensor ratio and the running of the spectral index and we compare the resulting picture with the Planck data. Read More


The first detected gravitational wave signal, GW150914, was produced by the coalescence of a stellar-mass binary black hole. Along with the subsequent detection of GW151226 and the candidate event LVT151012, this gives us evidence for a population of black hole binaries with component masses in the tens of solar masses. As detector sensitivity improves, this type of source is expected to make a large contribution to the overall number of detections, but this type of source has received little attention compared to binary neutron star systems in studies of projected network performance. Read More


We present a detailed analysis of the orbital stability of the Pais-Uhlenbeck oscillator, using Lie-Deprit series and Hamiltonian normal form theories. In particular, we explicitly describe the reduced phase space for this Hamiltonian system and give a proof for the existence of stable orbits for a certain class of self-interaction, found numerically in previous works. Read More


In three dimensional spacetime with negative cosmology constant, the general relativity can be written as two copies of SO$(2,1)$ Chern-Simons theory. On a manifold with boundary the Chern-Simons theory induces a conformal field theory--WZW theory on the boundary. In this paper, it is show that with suitable boundary condition for BTZ black hole, the WZW theory can reduce to a massless scalar field on the horizon. Read More


We prove that every $(3+1)$-dimensional flat GHMC Minkowski spacetime carries a unique foliation by spacelike hypersurfaces of constant scalar curvature. In otherwords, we prove that every such spacetime carries a unique time function with isochrones of constant scalar curvature. Furthermore, this time function is smooth. Read More


In the framework of Einstein-Maxwell-axion theory we consider static spherically symmetric solutions, which describe a magnetic monopole in the axionic environment. These solutions are interpreted as the solutions for an axionic dyon, the electric charge of which is composite, i.e. Read More


The gravitational lensing and time delay for charged black holes with scalar hair in Einstein-Maxwell-Dilaton theory are studied. We find, with the increase of scalar hair, that the radius of the photon sphere, minimum impact parameter, angular image position and relative magnitude increase, while the deflection angle and angular image separation decrease. We also show, for the primary relativistic image which is formed by the light does not loop around the lens and situated on the same side of the source, that the scalar hair increases the time delay. Read More


We study spherically symmetric static solutions to the semi-classical Einstein equation sourced by the vacuum energy of quantum fields in the curved space-time of the same solution. We found solutions that are small deformations of the Schwarzschild metric for distant observers, but without horizon. Instead of being a robust feature of objects with high densities, the horizon is sensitive to the energy-momentum tensor in the near-horizon region. Read More


There appears to be a duality between elementary particles, which span the mass range below the Planck scale, and black holes, which span the mass range range above it. In particular, the Black Hole Uncertainty Principle Correspondence posits a smooth transition between the Compton and Schwarzschild scales as a function of mass. This suggests that all black holes are in some sense quantum, that elementary particles can be interpreted as sub-Planckian black holes, and that there is a subtle connection between quantum and classical physics. Read More


We investigate the ratios of critical physical quantities related to the $T-S$ criticality of charged AdS black holes. It is shown that the ratio $\frac{T_cS_c}{Q_c}$ is universal while $\frac{T_cr_c}{Q_c}$ is not. This finding is quite interesting considering the former observation that both the $T-S$ graph and $T-r_+$ graph exhibit reverse van der Waals behavior. Read More


Newtonian N-body simulations have been employed successfully over the past decades for the simulation of the cosmological large-scale structure. Such simulations usually ignore radiation perturbations (photons and massless neutrinos) and the impact of general relativity (GR) beyond the background expansion. This approximation can be relaxed and we discuss three different approaches that are accurate to leading order in GR. Read More


The remarkable properties of the geodesic light-cone (GLC) coordinates allow analytic expressions for the light-cone observables, providing a new non-perturbative way for calculating the effects of inhomogeneities in our Universe. However, the gauge-invariance of these expressions in the GLC formalism has not been shown explicitly. Here we provide this missing part of the GLC formalism by proving the gauge-invariance of the GLC expressions for the light-cone observables, such as the observed redshift, the luminosity distance, and the physical area and volume of the observed sources. Read More


From Newtonian potential-density pairs we construct three-dimensional axisymmetric relativistic sources for a Majumdar-Papapetrou type conformastatic spacetime. As a simple example, we build a family of relativistic models of galaxies from of the first Miyamoto-Nagai potential-density pair. We study the equatorial circular motion of test particles around such configurations. Read More


Final measurements and analysis are reported from the first-generation Holometer, the first instrument capable of measuring correlated variations in space-time position at strain noise power spectral densities smaller than a Planck time. The apparatus consists of two co-located, but independent and isolated, 40 m power-recycled Michelson interferometers, whose outputs are cross-correlated to 25 MHz. The data are sensitive to correlations of differential position across the apparatus over a broad band of frequencies up to and exceeding the inverse light crossing time, 7. Read More


Building upon known supersymmetric backgrounds, we derive novel half-BPS fermionic solutions in three-dimensional supergravity. By virtue of an essential dependence on fermionic degrees of freedom, they possess no purely bosonic analogue. In the Anti de Sitter case this notably includes nonsingular solutions for which the corresponding Chern-Simons gauge field $\mathcal{A}=\omega\pm e/L$ vanishes, which may be interpreted as the 'de-singularisation' of the corresponding configurations in pure gravity. Read More


We study the spectral properties of the energy of the motion of the quantum Mixmaster universe in the anisotropy potential. We first derive the explicit asymptotic expressions for the spectrum in the limit of large and small volumes of the universe. Then we rigorously prove that the spectrum is purely discrete for any volume of the universe. Read More


We search for sterile neutrinos in the holographic dark energy cosmology by using the latest observational data. To perform the analysis, we employ the current cosmological observations, including the cosmic microwave background temperature power spectrum data from Planck mission, the baryon acoustic oscillation measurements, the type Ia supernova data, the redshift space distortion measurements, the shear data of weak lensing observation, the Planck lensing measurement, and the latest direct measurement of $H_0$ as well. We show that, compared to the $\Lambda$CDM cosmology, the holographic dark energy cosmology with sterile neutrinos can relieve the tension between the Planck observation and the direct measurement of $H_0$ much better. Read More


We explore the idea of asymptotic silence in causal set theory and find that causal sets approximated by continuum spacetimes exhibit behaviour akin to asymptotic silence. We make use of an intrinsic definition of spatial distance between causal set elements in the discrete analogue of a spatial hypersurface. Using numerical simulations for causal sets approximated by D=2,3 and 4 dimensional Minkowski spacetime, we show that while the discrete distance rapidly converges to the continuum distance at a scale roughly an order of magnitude larger than the discreteness scale, it is significantly larger on small scales. Read More


Most physicists do not have patience for reading long and obscure interpretation arguments and disputes. Hence, to attract attention of a wider physics community, in this paper various old and new aspects of quantum interpretations are explained in a concise and simple (almost trivial) form. About the "Copenhagen" interpretation, we note that there are several different versions of it and explain how to make sense of "local non-reality" interpretation. Read More


We propose a simple modification of the no-scale supergravity Wess-Zumino model of Starobinsky-like inflation to include a Polonyi term in the superpotential. The purpose of this term is to provide an explicit mechanism for supersymmetry breaking at the end of inflation. We show how successful inflation can be achieved for a gravitino mass satisfying the strict upper bound $m_{3/2}< 10^3$ TeV, with favoured values $m_{3/2}\lesssim\mathcal{O}(1)$ TeV. Read More


There are some controversies about the influences of ultraviolet (UV) physics on the primordial density perturbation. In this paper, we point out the quantum corrections of the UV physics can be of order $\mathcal{O}\left(1\right)$ rather than $\mathcal{O}\left( H/\Lambda_{\rm UV} \right)$ or $\mathcal{O}\left( H^{2}/\Lambda_{\rm UV}^{2}\right)$ by using the fact that there is a strong correspondence related to the UV corrections between the renormalized (inflationary) vacuum field fluctuation and the effective potential. This important aspect of quantum field theory (QFT) has been overlooked so far in this context. Read More


We study the statistical properties of an ensemble of weak gravitational waves interacting nonlinearly in a flat space-time. We show that the resonant three-wave interactions are absent and develop a theory for four-wave interactions in a reduced case of a diagonal metric tensor. In this limit, where only one type of gravitational waves are present, we derive the interaction Hamiltonian and consider the asymptotic regime of weak gravitational wave turbulence. Read More


The cuscuton was introduced in the context of cosmology as a field with infinite speed of propagation. It has been claimed to resemble Ho\v{r}ava gravity in a certain limit, and it is a good candidate for an ether theory in which a time-dependent cosmological constant appears naturally. The analysis of its properties is usually performed in the Lagrangian framework, which makes issues like the counting of its dynamical degrees of freedom less clear-cut. Read More


In this paper we assess the possibility that a rigid cosmological constant, $\Lambda$, and hence the traditional concordance $\Lambda$CDM model, might not be the best phenomenological description of the current cosmological data. We show that a large class of dynamical vacuum models (DVMs), whose vacuum energy density $\rho_{\Lambda}(H)$ consists of a nonvanishing constant term and a series of powers of the Hubble rate, provides a substantially better phenomenological account of the overall $SNIa+BAO+H(z)+LSS+CMB$ cosmological observations. We find that some models within the class of DVMs, particularly the running vacuum model (RVM), appear significantly much more favored than the $\Lambda$CDM, at an unprecedented confidence level of $\sim 4\sigma$. Read More


In this paper, we study the non-projectable 2d Ho\v{r}ava gravity coupled with a non-relativistic scalar field, where the coupling is in general non-minimal and of the form $f(\phi)R$, where $f(\phi)$ is an arbitrary function of the scalar field $\phi$, and $R$ denotes the 2d Ricci scalar. In particular, we first investigate the Hamiltonian structure, and show that there are two-first and two-second class constraints, similar to the pure gravity case, but now the local degree of freedom is one, due to the presence of the scalar field. Then, we present various exact stationary solutions of this coupled system, and find that some of them represent black holes but now with universal horizons as their boundaries. Read More


The metric outside a compact body deformed by a quadrupolar tidal field is universal up to its Love numbers, constants which encode the tidal response's dependence on the body's internal structure. For a non-rotating body, the deformed external geometry is characterized by the familiar gravitational Love numbers $K_2^{\text{el}}$ and $K_2^{\text{mag}}$. For a slowly rotating body, these must be supplemented by rotational-tidal Love numbers, which measure the response to couplings between the body's spin and the external tidal field. Read More


On a compact Riemannian manifold with boundary having positive mean curvature, a fundamental result of Shi and Tam states that, if the manifold has nonnegative scalar curvature and if the boundary is isometric to a strictly convex hypersurface in the Euclidean space, then the total mean curvature of the boundary is no greater than the total mean curvature of the corresponding Euclidean hypersurface. In $3$-dimension, Shi-Tam's result is known to be equivalent to the Riemannian positive mass theorem. In this paper, we provide a supplement to Shi-Tam's result by including the effect of minimal hypersurfaces on a chosen boundary component. Read More


In the approach of Causal Dynamical Triangulations (CDT), quantum gravity is obtained as a scaling limit of a non-perturbative path integral over space-times whose causal structure plays a crucial role in the construction. After some general considerations about the relation between quantum gravity and cosmology, we examine which aspects of CDT are potentially interesting from a cosmological point of view, focussing on the emergence of a de Sitter universe in CDT quantum gravity. Read More


Compact object perturbations, at linear order, often lead in solving one or more coupled wave equations. The study of these equations was typically done by numerical or semi-analytical methods. The WKB method and the associated Bohr-Sommerfeld rule have been proved extremely useful tools in the study of black-hole perturbations and the estimation of the related quasi-normal modes. Read More


By post-Newtonian (PN) expanding the well-known, factorized and resummed, effective-one-body energy flux for circularized binaries we show that: (i) because of the presence of the resummed tail factor, the 4.5PN-accurate tails-of-tails-of-tails contribution to the energy flux recently computed by Marchand et al. [Class. Read More


We examine quantum corrections of time delay arising in the gravitational field of a spinning oblate source. Low-energy quantum effects occurring in Kerr geometry are derived within a framework where general relativity is fully seen as an effective field theory. By employing such a pattern, gravitational radiative modifications of Kerr metric are derived from the energy-momentum tensor of the source, which at lowest order in the fields is modelled as a point mass. Read More


Arising out of a Non-local non-relativistic BEC, we present an Analogue gravity model upto $\mathcal{O}(\xi^{2})$ accuracy in the presence of the quantum potential term for a canonical acoustic BH in $(3+1)$-d spacetime where the series solution of the free minimally coupled KG equation for the large length scale massive scalar modes is derived. We systematically address the issues of the presence of the quantum potential term being the root cause of a UV-IR coupling between short wavelength "primary" modes which are supposedly Hawking radiated through the sonic event horizon and the large wavelength "secondary" modes. In the quantum gravity experiments of analogue Hawking radiation in the laboratory, this UV-IR coupling is inevitable and one can not get rid of these large wavelength excitations which would grow over space by gaining energy from the short wavelength Hawking radiated modes. Read More


We consider gravitational waves from the point of view of both their production and their propagation in doubly coupled bigravity in the metric formalism. In bigravity, the two gravitons are coupled by a non-diagonal mass matrix and show birefrigence. In particular, we find that one of the two gravitons propagates with a speed which differs from one. Read More


We investigate the geodesic motion of massless test particles in the background of a noncommutative geometry inspired Schwarzschild black hole. The behaviour of effective potential is analysed in the equatorial plane and the possible motions of massless particles (i.e. Read More


Twenty years ago, Rovelli proposed that the degeneracy of black hole (i.e. the exponential of the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy) is given by the number of ways the black hole horizon area can be expressed as a sum of unit areas. Read More


In this paper we show the validity, under certain geometric conditions, of Wheeler's thin sandwich conjecture for higher-dimensional theories of gravity. The results we present here are an extension of the results already shown by R. Bartnik and G. Read More


Recently it has been understood that certain soft factorization theorems for scattering amplitudes can be written as Ward identities of new asymptotic symmetries. This relationship has been established for soft particles with spins $s > 0$, most notably for soft gravitons and photons. Here we study the remaining case of soft scalars. Read More


Large gauge symmetries in Minkowski spacetime are often studied in two distinct regimes: either at asymptotic (past or future) times or at spatial infinity. By working in harmonic gauge, we provide a unified description of large gauge symmetries (and their associated charges) that applies to both regimes. At spatial infinity the charges are conserved and interpolate between those defined at the asymptotic past and future. Read More


Applying Dixon's general equations of motion for extended bodies, we compute the Papapetrou's equations for an extended test body on static and isotropic metrics. We incorporate the force and the torque terms which involve multipole moments, beyond dipole moment, from the energy-momentum tensor. We obtain the vector form equations for both Corinaldesi-Papapetrou and Tulczyjew-Dixon spin supplementary conditions. Read More


We study static and radially symmetric black holes in the multi-fractional theories of gravity with $q$-derivatives and with weighted derivatives, frameworks where the spacetime dimension varies with the probed scale and geometry is characterized by at least one fundamental length $\ell_*$. In the $q$-derivatives scenario, one finds a tiny shift of the event horizon. Schwarzschild black holes can present an additional ring singularity, not present in general relativity, whose radius is proportional to $\ell_*$. Read More


We study general properties of static and spherically symmetric bidiagonal black holes in Hassan-Rosen bimetric theory. In particular, we explore the behaviour of the black hole solutions both at the common Killing horizon and at the large radii. The former study leads to a new classification for black holes within the bidiagonal ansatz. Read More