General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology Publications (50)

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General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology Publications

Determining cosmological field equations represents a still very debated matter and implies a wide discussion around different theoretical proposals. A suitable conceptual scheme could be represented by gravity models that naturally generalize Einstein Theory like higher order gravity theories and higher dimensional ones. Both of these two different approaches allow to define, at the effective level, Einstein field equations equipped with source-like energy momentum tensors of geometrical origin. Read More


Anisotropic exponential cosmological solutions for a space of arbitrary dimension filled with ordinary matter in the 4th and 5th orders of Lovelock gravity are obtained. Also we have supposed a generalization of such solutions on an arbitrary order. All the solutions are represented as a set of conditions on Hubble parameters. Read More


It is well known that interpreting the cosmological constant as the pressure, the AdS black holes behave as van der Waals thermodynamic system. In this case, like a phase transition from vapor to liquid in a usual van der Waals system, black holes also changes phases about a critical point in $P$-$V$ picture, where $P$ is the pressure and $V$ is the thermodynamic volume. Here we give a geometrical description of this phase transition. Read More


We study the scalar-tensor theory of gravity profoundly in the action level as well as in the thermodynamic level. Contrary to the usual description of the literature about the equivalence in the two conformally connected frames, this paper addresses several incomplete inferences regarding it as well as it mentions some in-equivalences which were not pointed out earlier. In the thermodynamic level, our analysis shows the two frames are equivalent. Read More


In the early sixties Leonard Parker discovered that the expansion of the universe can create particles out of the vacuum, opening a new and fruitfull field in physics. We give a historical review in the form of an interview that took place during the Conference ERE2014 (Valencia 1-5, September, 2014). Read More


We have analytically investigated the effects of non-linearity on the free energy and thermodynamic geometry of holographic superconductors in $2+1 -$dimensions. The non-linear effect is introduced by considering the coupling of the massive charged scalar field with Born-Infeld electrodynamics. We then calculate the relation between critical temperature and charge density from two different methods, namely, the matching method and the divergence of the scalar curvature which is obtained by investigating the thermodynamic geometry of the model. Read More


In arXiv:1601.02203, a simple model has been proposed in order to solve one of the problems related with the cosmological constant. The model is given by a topological field theory and the model has an infinite numbers of the BRS symmetries. Read More


It is analyzed the effects of both bulk and shear viscosities on the perturbations, relevant for structure formation in late time cosmology. It is shown that shear viscosity can be as effective as the bulk viscosity on suppressing the growth of perturbations and delaying the nonlinear regime. A statistical analysis of the shear and bulk viscous effects is performed and some constraints on these viscous effects are given. Read More


Massive black-hole binaries, formed when galaxies merge, are among the primary sources of gravitational waves targeted by ongoing Pulsar Timing Array (PTA) experiments and the upcoming space-based LISA interferometer. However, their formation and merger rates are still highly uncertain. Recent upper limits on the stochastic gravitational-wave background obtained by PTAs are starting being in marginal tension with theoretical models for the pairing and orbital evolution of these systems. Read More


We propose that the intrinsic geometry of holographic screens should be described by the Newton-Cartan geometry. As a test of this proposal, we show that the evolution equations of the screen can be written in a covariant form in terms of a stress tensor, an energy current, and a momentum one-form. We derive the expressions for the stress tensor, energy density, and momentum one-form using Brown-York action formalism. Read More


We consider cosmological evolution from the perspective of quantum information. We present a quantum circuit model for the expansion of a comoving region of space, in which initially-unentangled ancilla qubits become entangled as expansion proceeds. We apply this model to the comoving region that now coincides with our Hubble volume, taking the number of entangled degrees of freedom in this region to be proportional to the de Sitter entropy. Read More


It is well known that the memory effect in flat spacetime is parametrized by the BMS supertranslation. We investigate the relation between the memory effect and diffeomorphism in de Sitter spacetime. We find that gravitational memory is parametrized by a BMS-like supertranslation in the static patch of de Sitter spacetime. Read More


In this article we study the nature of naked singularities in the context of $(1+1)$--dimensional Ho\v{r}ava-Lifshitz (HL) space-times by using a point particle and quantum wave probes. Our analysis concerns about the fate of naked singularities by performing bosonic and spinorial quantum field probes. We apply the Horowitz and Marolf (HR) criterion to determine whether the spatial operator is essentially self-adjoint or not. Read More


The trace anomaly in six-dimensional space is given by the local terms which have six derivatives of the metric. We find the effective action which is responsible for the anomaly. The result is presented in non-local covariant form and also in the local covariant form which employs two auxiliary scalar fields. Read More


We discuss the mechanism by which the field vacuum energy varies as a result of strong self-interaction. We propose a non-perturbative approach to treat strong interactions and discuss the problem in terms of quasi-particles describing the motion of field modes. The resulting vacuum energy is variable and depends on the state of the system. Read More


The quantum channel between two particle detectors provides a prototype framework for the study of wireless quantum communication via relativistic quantum fields. In this article we calculate the classical channel capacity between two Unruh-DeWitt detectors arising from couplings within the perturbative regime. To this end, we identify the detector states which achieve maximal signal strength. Read More


We derive the first law of binary point-particle mechanics for generic bound (i.e. eccentric) orbits at the fourth post-Newtonian (4PN) order, accounting for the non-locality in time of the dynamics due to the occurence of a gravitational-wave tail effect at that order. Read More


The geodesic motion on anti-de Sitter spacetimes is studied pointing out how the trajectories are determined by the ten independent conserved quantities associated to the specific $SO(2,3)$ isometries of these manifolds. The new result is that there are two conserved $SO(3)$ vectors which play the same role as the Runge-Lenz vector of the Kepler problem, determining the major and minor semi axes of the ellipsoidal geodesics. Read More


An important indicator of modified gravity is the effect of the local environment on halo properties. This paper examines the influence of the local tidal structure on the halo mass function, the halo orientation, spin and the concentration-mass relation. We generalise the excursion set formalism to produce a halo mass function conditional on large-scale structure. Read More


A special class of higher curvature theories of gravity, Ricci Cubic Gravity (RCG), in general d dimensional space-time has been investigated in this paper. We have used two different approaches, the linearized equations of motion and auxiliary field formalism to study the massive and massless graviton propagating modes of the AdS background. Using the auxiliary field formalism, we have found the renormalized boundary stress tensor to compute the mass of Schwarzschild AdS and Lifshitz black holes in RCG theory. Read More


Using "complexity=action" proposal we study complexity growth of certain gravitational theories containing higher derivative terms. These include critical gravity in diverse dimensions. One observes that the complexity growth for neutral black holes saturates the proposed bound when the results are written in terms of physical quantities of the model. Read More


We start with the Hamiltonian formulation of the first order action of pure gravity with a full $\mathfrak{sl}(2,\mathbb C)$ internal gauge symmetry. We make a partial gauge-fixing which reduces $\mathfrak{sl}(2,\mathbb C)$ to its sub-algebra $\mathfrak{su}(1,1)$. This case corresponds to a splitting of the space-time ${\cal M}=\Sigma \times \mathbb R$ where $\Sigma$ inherits an arbitrary Lorentzian metric of signature $(-,+,+)$. Read More


Astrophysical compact binary systems consisting of neutron stars and blackholes are an important class of gravitational wave (GW) sources for advanced LIGO detectors. Accurate theoretical waveform models from the inspiral, merger and ringdown phases of such systems, are used to filter detector data under the template based matched filtering paradigm. An efficient grid over the parameter space at a fixed minimal match has a direct impact on the overall time taken by these searches. Read More


According to the conjecture "complexity equals action", the complexity of a holographic state is equal to the action of a Wheeler-de Witt (WdW) patch of black holes in anti-de Sitter (AdS) space. In this paper we calculate the action growth of charged black holes with a single horizon, paying attention to the contribution from a spacelike singularity inside the horizon. We consider two kinds of such charged black holes, one is a charged dilaton black hole, and the other is a Born-Infeld black hole with $\beta^2 Q^2<1/4$. Read More


Time measured by an ideal clock crucially depends on the gravitational potential and velocity of the clock according to general relativity. Technological advances in manufacturing high-precision atomic clocks have rapidly improved their accuracy and stability over the last decade that approached the level of 10$^{-18}$. Based on a fully relativistic description of the background gravitational physics, we discuss the impact of those highly-precise clocks on the realization of reference frames and time scales used in geodesy. Read More


In the context of Lorentz-Finsler spacetime theories the relativity principle holds at a spacetime point if the indicatrix (observer space) is homogeneous. We point out that in four spacetime dimensions there are just three kinematical models which respect an exact form of the relativity principle and for which all observers agree on the spacetime volume. They have necessarily affine sphere indicatrices. Read More


We investigate spacetimes whose light cones could be anisotropic. We prove the equivalence of the structures: (a) Lorentz-Finsler manifold for which the mean Cartan torsion vanishes, (b) Lorentz-Finsler manifold for which the indicatrix (observer space) at each point is a convex hyperbolic affine sphere centered on the zero section, and (c) pair given by a spacetime volume and a sharp convex cone distribution. The equivalence suggests to describe {\em (affine sphere) spacetimes} with this structure, so that no algebraic-metrical concept enters the definition. Read More


In this letter we study the problem of scalar particle production in external electric field in de Sitter geometry. The total probability is calculated using the previously obtained result in Ref.\cite{6} for transition amplitude in external electric field on de Sitter space. Read More


In a recent paper (arXiv:1701.04298 [quant-ph]) Toro\v{s}, Gro{\ss}ardt and Bassi claim that the potential necessary to support a composite particle in a gravitational field must necessarily cancel the relativistic coupling between internal and external degrees of freedom. As such a coupling is responsible for the gravitational redshift measured in numerous experiments, the above statement is clearly incorrect. Read More


Spatial averaging and time evolving are non-commutative operations in General Relativity, which questions the reliability of the FLRW model. The long standing issue of the importance of backreactions induced by cosmic inhomogeneities is addressed for a toy model assuming a peak in the primordial spectrum of density perturbations and a simple CDM cosmology. The backreactions of initial Hubble-size inhomogeneities are determined in a fully relativistic framework, from a series of simulations using the BSSN formalism of numerical relativity. Read More


We continue to explore the scaling transformation in the reduced action formalism of gravity models. As an extension of our construction, we consider the extended forms of the Smarr relation for various black holes, adopting the cosmological constant as the bulk pressure as in some literatures on black holes. Firstly, by using the quasi-local formalism for charges, we show that, in a general theory of gravity, the volume in the black hole thermodynamics could be defined as the thermodynamic conjugate variable to the bulk pressure in such a way that the first law can be extended consistently. Read More


In Phys.Rev.D89, 104053 (2014) we studied the absorption cross section of a scalar field of mass $m$ impinging on a static black hole of mass $M$ and charge $Q$. Read More


We consider the relativistic generalization of the problem of the "least uncomfortable" linear trajectory from point A to point B. The traditional problem minimizes the time-integrated squared acceleration (termed the "discomfort"), and there is a universal solution for all distances and durations. This universality fails when the maximum speed of the trajectory becomes relativistic, and we consider the more general case of minimizing the squared proper acceleration over a proper time. Read More


We employ the Arnowitt-Deser-Misner formalism to study the renormalization group flow of gravity minimally coupled to an arbitrary number of scalar, vector, and Dirac fields. The decomposition of the gravitational degrees of freedom into a lapse function, shift vector, and spatial metric equips spacetime with a preferred (Euclidean) "time"-direction. In this work, we provide a detailed derivation of the renormalization group flow of Newton's constant and the cosmological constant on a flat Friedmann-Robertson-Walker background. Read More


We investigate the impact of general conditions of theoretical stability and cosmological viability on dynamical dark energy models. As a powerful example, we study whether minimally coupled, single field Quintessence models that are safe from ghost instabilities, can source the CPL expansion history recently shown to be mildly favored by a combination of CMB (Planck) and Weak Lensing (KiDS) data. Interestingly we find that in their most conservative form, the theoretical conditions impact the analysis in such a way that smooth single field Quintessence becomes significantly disfavored with respect to the standard $\Lambda$CDM cosmological model. Read More


The Darboux transformation between ordinary differential equations is a 19th century technique that has seen wide use in quantum theory for producing exactly solvable potentials for the Schr\"odinger equation with specific spectral properties. In this paper we show that the same transformation appears in black hole theory, relating, for instance, the Zerilli and Regge-Wheeler equations for axial and polar Schwarzschild perturbations. The transformation reveals these two equations to be isospectral, a well known result whose method has been repeatedly reintroduced under different names. Read More


We use a recently proposed holographic Kondo model as a well-understood example of AdS/boundary CFT (BCFT) duality, and show explicitly that in this model the bulk volume decreases along the RG flow. We then obtain a proof that this volume loss is indeed a generic feature of AdS/BCFT models of the type proposed by Takayanagi in 2011. According to recent proposals holographically relating bulk volume to such quantities as complexity or fidelity susceptibility in the dual field theory, this suggests the existence of a complexity or fidelity susceptibility analogue of the Affleck-Ludwig g-theorem, which famously states the decrease of boundary entropy along the RG flow of a BCFT. Read More


Conformal gravity can elegantly solve the problem of spacetime singularities present in Einstein's gravity. For every physical spacetime, there is an infinite family of conformally-equivalent singularity-free metrics. In the unbroken phase, every non-singular metric is equivalent and can be used to infer the physical properties of the spacetime. Read More


We consider the reionization process in a cosmological model in which dark matter interacts with dark energy. Using a semi-analytical reionization model, we compute the evolution of the ionized fraction in terms of its spatial average and linear perturbations. We show that certain types of interactions between dark matter and dark energy can significantly affect the reionization history. Read More


By considering a deformation of the Schwarzschild metric in the presence of a minimal measurable length which still respects the equivalence principle, we study corrections to the standard general relativistic predictions for some astrophysical phenomena such as stability of circular orbits of black hole accretion disks, redshift of black hole accretion disks, gravitational tidal forces and the geodetic drift rate. We use the Gravity Probe B data to see robustness of our results. Read More


The Hamiltonian formulation of conformally invariant Weyl-squared higher derivative theory teaches us that conformal symmetry is expressed through particular first class constraints related to the absence of the three-metric determinant and the trace of the extrinsic curvature from the theory. Any term depending on them which is added to this theory breaks conformal invariance and turns these constraints into second class ones. Such second class constraints are missing in the standard canonical formulation of the conformally non-invariant Einstein-Hilbert theory. Read More


In this work, we compute the corrections in the Newton's law of gravitation due to Kaluza-Klein gravitons in codimension-1 warped thick braneworld scenarios. We focus in some models recently proposed in the literature, the so-called asymmetric hybrid brane and compact brane. Such models are deformations of the $\phi^4$ and sine-Gordon topological defects, respectively. Read More


The linear coupling of a rotating heat bath to a quantum field is studied in the framework of the Markovian master equation for the field's non-unitary time evolution. The bath's rotation induces population inversion for the field's low-energy modes. For bosons, this leads to superradiance, an irreversible process in which some of the bath's kinetic energy is extracted by spontaneous and stimulated emission. Read More


Black holes are important astrophysical objects describing an end state of stellar evolution, which are observed frequently. There are theoretical predictions that Kerr black holes with high spins expel magnetic fields. However, Kerr black holes are pure vacuum solutions, which do not include accretion disks, and additionally previous investigations are mainly limited to weak magnetic fields. Read More


I describe an approach which relates classical gravity to the quantum microstructure of spacetime. In this approach, the field equations arise from maximizing the density of states of the matter plus geometry. The former is identified using the thermodynamics of null surfaces. Read More


Assuming the existence of a local, analytic, unitary UV completion in a Poincar\'{e} invariant scalar field theory with a mass gap, we derive an infinite number of positivity requirements using the known properties of the amplitude at and away from the forward scattering limit. These take the form of bounds on combinations of the pole subtracted scattering amplitude and its derivatives. In turn, these positivity requirements act as constraints on the operator coefficients in the low energy effective theory. Read More


Many physical theories beyond the Standard Model predict time variations of basic physics parameters. Direct measurement of the time variations of these parameters is very difficult or impossible to achieve. By contrast, measurements of fundamental constants are relatively easy to achieve, both in the laboratory and by astronomical spectra of atoms and molecules in the early universe. Read More


We study the elastic scattering of a planar wave in the curved spacetime of a compact object such as a neutron star, via a heuristic model: a scalar field impinging upon a spherically-symmetric uniform density star of radius $R$ and mass $M$. For $R < r_{c}$, there is a divergence in the deflection function at the light-ring radius $r_{c} = 3 \, GM/c^2$, which leads to spiral scattering (orbiting) and a backward glory; whereas for $R > r_{c}$ there instead arises a stationary point in the deflection function which creates a caustic and rainbow scattering. As in nuclear rainbow scattering, there is an Airy-type oscillation on a Rutherford-like cross section, followed by a shadow zone. Read More


We introduce an experimental concept, based on the Gertsenshtein-Zeldovich effect, for the generation and detection of standing gravitational waves (SGWs) from TEM stationary waves propagating into an external transverse static magnetic field. Although the amplitude of the generated SGWs is extremely faint, they could be detected through the energy loss in the generator and the electromagnetic fields remotely induced in a detector, once accumulated over a large period of time. If successful, such experiment would constitute the first control of gravity opening the way to new tests of the equivalence principle in the quantum vacuum. Read More


We investigate the consequences of the hybrid quantization approach for primordial perturbations in loop quantum cosmology, obtaining predictions for the cosmic microwave background and comparing them with data collected by the Planck mission. In this work, we complete previous studies about the scalar perturbations and incorporate tensor modes. We compute their power spectrum for a variety of vacuum states. Read More