Computer Science - Software Engineering Publications (50)

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Computer Science - Software Engineering Publications

In recent years ontologies enjoyed a growing popularity outside specialized AI communities. System engineering is no exception to this trend, with ontologies being proposed as a basis for several tasks in complex industrial implements, including system design, monitoring and diagnosis. In this paper, we consider four different contributions to system engineering wherein ontologies are instrumental to provide enhancements over traditional ad-hoc techniques. Read More


The microservice architecture is a style inspired by service-oriented computing that has recently started gaining popularity and that promises to change the way in which software is perceived, conceived and designed. In this paper, we describe the main features of microservices and highlight how these features improve scalability. Read More


Static verification of source code correctness is a major milestone towards software reliability. The dynamic type system of the Jolie programming language, at the moment, allows avoidable run-time errors. A static type system for the language has been exhaustively and formally defined on paper, but still lacks an implementation. Read More


Analysis of data related to software development helps to increase quality, control and predictability of software development processes and products.However, collecting such data for is a complex task. A non-invasive collection of software metrics is one of the most promising approaches to solve the task. Read More


What properties about the internals of a program explain the possible differences in its overall running time for different inputs? In this paper, we propose a formal framework for considering this question we dub trace-set discrimination. We show that even though the algorithmic problem of computing maximum likelihood discriminants is NP-hard, approaches based on integer linear programming (ILP) and decision tree learning can be useful in zeroing-in on the program internals. On a set of Java benchmarks, we find that compactly-represented decision trees scalably discriminate with high accuracy---more scalably than maximum likelihood discriminants and with comparable accuracy. Read More


Creating a graduate-level software engineering breadth course is challenging. The scope is wide. Students prefer hands-on work over theory. Read More


In this paper we investigate the effect of long-term GUI changes occurring during application development on the reusability of existing GUI test cases. We conduct an empirical evaluation on two complex, open-source GUI-driven applications for which we generate test cases of various lengths. We then assess the replayability of generated test cases using simulation on newer versions of the target applications and partition them according to the type of repairing change required for their reuse. Read More


Modern software developers rely on an extensive set of social media tools and communication channels. The adoption of team communication platforms has led to the emergence of conversation-based tools and integrations, many of which are chatbots. Understanding how software developers manage their complex constellation of collaborators in conjunction with the practices and tools they use can bring valuable insights into socio-technical collaborative work in software development and other knowledge work domains. Read More


This paper introduces the Java Software Evolution Tracker, a visualization and analysis tool that provides practitioners the means to examine the evolution of a software system from a top to bottom perspective, starting with changes in the graphical user interface all the way to source code modifications. Read More


This paper introduces an automated heuristic process able to achieve high accuracy when matching graphical user interface widgets across multiple versions of a target application. The proposed implementation is flexible as it allows full customization of the process and easy integration with existing tools for long term graphical user interface test case maintenance, software visualization and analysis. Read More


Mutation analysis has many applications, such as asserting the quality of test suites and localizing faults. One important bottleneck of mutation analysis is scalability. The latest work explores the possibility of reducing the redundant execution via split-stream execution. Read More


Software tends to be highly configurable, but most applications are hardly context aware. For example, a web browser provides many settings to configure printers and proxies, but nevertheless it is unable to dynamically adapt to a new workplace. In this paper we aim to empirically demonstrate that by dynamic and automatic reconfiguration of unmodified software we can systematically introduce context awareness. Read More


Avionics is one kind of domain where prevention prevails. Nonetheless fails occur. Sometimes due to pilot misreacting, flooded in information. Read More


Assurance of information-flow security by formal methods is mandated in security certification of separation kernels. As an industrial standard for improving safety, ARINC 653 has been complied with by mainstream separation kernels. Due to the new trend of integrating safe and secure functionalities into one separation kernel, security analysis of ARINC 653 as well as a formal specification with security proofs are thus significant for the development and certification of ARINC 653 compliant Separation Kernels (ARINC SKs). Read More


The Netflix video streaming system is composed of many interacting services. In such a large system, failures in individual services are not uncommon. This paper describes the Chaos Automation Platform, a system for running failure injection experiments on the production system to verify that failures in non-critical services do not result in system outages. Read More


Modern software-based services are implemented as distributed systems with complex behavior and failure modes. Many large tech organizations are using experimentation to verify the reliability of such systems. We use the term "Chaos Engineering" to refer to this approach, and discuss the underlying principles and how to use it to run experiments. Read More


Context: Surveys constitute an important tool to capture a large-scale snapshot of the state of the practice. Apparently trivial to adopt, surveys hide, however, several pitfalls that might hinder rendering the result valid and, thus, useful. Goal: We aim at providing an overview of main pitfalls in software engineering surveys and report on practical ways to deal with them. Read More


Software process lines provide a systematic approach to develop and manage software processes. It defines a reference process containing general process assets, whereas a well-defined customization approach allows process engineers to create new process variants, e.g. Read More


Software processes improvement (SPI) is a challenging task, as many different stakeholders, project settings, and contexts and goals need to be considered. SPI projects are often operated in a complex and volatile environment and, thus, require a sound management that is resource-intensive requiring many stakeholders to contribute to the process assessment, analysis, design, realisation, and deployment. Although there exist many valuable SPI approaches, none address the needs of both process engineers and project managers. Read More


Finding the optimally performing configuration of a software system for a given setting is often challenging. Recent approaches address this challenge by learning performance models based on a sample set of configurations. However, building an accurate performance model can be very expensive (and is often infeasible in practice). Read More


Considering user preferences is a determining factor in optimizing the value of a software release. This is due to the fact that user preferences for software features specify the values of those features and consequently determine the value of the release. Certain features of a software however, may encourage or discourage users to prefer (select or use) other features. Read More


Requirements models support communication and decision-making. However, when requirements models get too complex, it becomes difficult for stakeholders to understand all their nuances.Empirical and theoretical results show that automatically reasoning about complex RE models using standard methods takes exponential time that cripples the ability of these models to support decision making for large models. Read More


Software developers are faced with the issue of either adapting their programming model to the execution model (e.g. cloud platforms) or finding appropriate tools to adapt the model and code automatically. Read More


The Blockchain technology is reshaping finance, economy, money to the extent that its disruptive power is compared to that of the Internet and the Web in their early days. As a result, all the software development revolving around the Blockchain technology is growing at a staggering rate. In this paper, we acknowledge the need for software engineers to devise specialized tools and techniques for blockchain-oriented software development. Read More


Establishing trust between developers working at distant sites facilitates team collaboration in distributed software development. While previous research has focused on how to build and spread trust in absence of direct, face-to-face communication, it has overlooked the effects of the propensity to trust, i.e. Read More


Android has been the most popular smartphone system, with multiple platform versions (e.g., KITKAT and Lollipop) active in the market. Read More


Software testing relates to the process of accessing the functionality of a program against some defined specifications. To ensure conformance, test engineers often generate a set of test cases to validate against the user requirements. Owing to the growing complexity of software and its increasing diffusion into various application domains, it is no longer unusual for a software project to have testing teams in more than one location or even distributed over many continents. Read More


We launch the new probabilistic model checker storm. It features the analysis of discrete- and continuous-time variants of both Markov chains and MDPs. It supports the PRISM and JANI modeling languages, probabilistic programs, dynamic fault trees and generalized stochastic Petri nets. Read More


Many JavaScript applications perform HTTP requests to web APIs, relying on the request URL, HTTP method, and request data to be constructed correctly by string operations. Traditional compile-time error checking, such as calling a non-existent method in Java, are not available for checking whether such requests comply with the requirements of a web API. In this paper, we propose an approach to statically check web API requests in JavaScript. Read More


[Context] Defect Causal Analysis (DCA) represents an efficient practice to improve software processes. While knowledge on cause-effect relations is helpful to support DCA, collecting cause-effect data may require significant effort and time. [Goal] We propose and evaluate a new DCA approach that uses cross-company data to support the practical application of DCA. Read More


With ever-increasing productivity targets in mining operations, there is a growing interest in mining automation. The PIMM project addresses the fundamental challenge of network communication by constructing a pilot 5G network in the underground mine Kankberg. In this report, we discuss how such a 5G network could constitute the essential infrastructure to organize existing systems in Kankberg into a system-of-systems (SoS). Read More


Classical algorithms of evaluation of temporal CTL formulas are constructed "bottom-up". A formula must be evaluated completely to give the result. In the paper, a new concept of "top-down" evaluation of temporal QsCTL (CTL with state quantifiers) formulas, called "Checking By Spheres" is presented. Read More


Configurable systems are those that can be adapted from a set of options. They are prevalent and testing them is important and challenging. Existing approaches for testing configurable systems are either unsound (i. Read More


Containers as the unit of application delivery are the 'next big thing' in the software development world. They enable developers to create an executable image containing an application bundled with all its dependencies which a user can run inside a controlled environment with virtualized resources. Complex workflows for business-critical applications and research environments require a high degree of reproducibility which can be accomplished using uniquely identified images as units of computation. Read More


This report presents a theoretical complexity analysis and empirical scalability analysis of the Requirements and Architecture Decision Analyser (RADAR). Read More


The amount of aspect-oriented software development techniques and tools have been increasing for the last years but still they have not enough maturity and are not sufficiently spread to be included in a project leader's box of tools. Software development projects have to deal with many risks, and the main function of project leaders is to minimize them. The use of immature technologies, tools newcomers to the market, techniques that have not been tested enough, etc. Read More


In this paper, we cover the process of integrating Large-Scale Direct Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (LSD-SLAM) algorithm into our existing AR stereo engine, developed for our modified "Augmented Reality Oculus Rift". With that, we are able to track one of our realworld cameras which are mounted on the rift, within a complete unknown environment. This makes it possible to achieve a constant and full augmentation, synchronizing our 3D movement (x, y, z) in both worlds, the real world and the virtual world. Read More


Controllers for autonomous robotic systems can be specified using state machines. However, these are typically developed in an ad hoc manner without formal semantics, which makes it difficult to analyse the controller. Simulations are often used during the development, but a rigorous connection between the designed controller and the implementation is often overlooked. Read More


We catalog and describe Google's key software engineering practices. Read More


The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is one of the most complex machines ever build. It is composed of many components which constitute a large system. The tunnel and the accelerator is just one of a very critical fraction of the whole LHC infrastructure. Read More


In this paper we describe EasyInterface, an open-source toolkit for rapid development of web-based graphical user interfaces (GUIs). This toolkit addresses the need of researchers to make their research prototype tools available to the community, and integrating them in a common environment, rapidly and without being familiar with web programming or GUI libraries in general. If a tool can be executed from a command-line and its output goes to the standard output, then in few minutes one can make it accessible via a web-interface or within Eclipse. Read More


In the field of software engineering there are many new archetypes are introducing day to day Improve the efficiency and effectiveness of software development. Due to dynamic environment organizations are frequently exchanging their software constraint to meet their objectives. The propose research is a new approach by integrating the traditional V model and agile methodology to combining the strength of these models while minimizing their individual weakness. Read More


Software reusability has become much interesting because of increased quality and reduce cost. A good process of software reuse leads to enhance the reliability, productivity, quality and the reduction of time and cost. Current reuse techniques focuses on the reuse of software artifact which grounded on anticipated functionality whereas, the non-functional (quality) aspect are also important. Read More


A sound performance of health care organizations depends on vigorous financing system, skilled and well paying personnel, trustworthy information, well sustained health services and reliable technologies they used. The management and organization of health care systems and other health care settings can deeply have an effect on health result, excellence of care, and patient pleasure. Environmental assessment of an organization must considered political, technical and environmental aspects. Read More


In the product business still battles with the hard assignment of creating programming applications that meet quality gauges, and spending limitations. The requirement for programming to be without mistake remained a test to the IT business. Hence, the basic role of this study is to answer why officials hesitant to apportion assets to quality confirmation (QA) process amid the procedure of the framework advancement life cycle (SDLC)? This exploration utilized a quantitative study outline to research to what degree the inclusion of QA amid the SDLC procedure diminished programming venture disappointments. Read More


Software documentation is an essential but labor intensive task that often requires a dedicated team of developers to ensure coverage and accuracy. Good documentation will help shorten the development cycle and improve the overall team efficiency as well as maintainability. In today's crowd-driven development environment, good documentation can go a long way in building a developer community from scratch. Read More


The Unified Modeling Language (UML) is a widely used general purpose modeling language. Together with the Object Constraint Language (OCL), formal models can be described by defining the structure and behavior with UML and additional OCL constraints. In the development process for formal models, it is important to make sure that these models are (a) correct, i. Read More


The application of automatic theorem provers to discharge proof obligations is necessary to apply formal methods in an efficient manner. Tools supporting formal methods, such as Atelier~B, generate proof obligations fully automatically. Consequently, such proof obligations are often cluttered with information that is irrelevant to establish their validity. Read More


We are concerned with systems, particularly safety-critical systems, that involve interaction between users and devices, such as the user interface of medical devices. We therefore developed a MISRA C code generator for formal models expressed in the PVSio-web prototyping toolkit. PVSio-web allows developers to rapidly generate realistic interactive prototypes for verifying usability and safety requirements in human-machine interfaces. Read More


Many project-specific languages, including in particular filtering languages, are defined using non-formal specifications written in natural languages. This leads to ambiguities and errors in the specification of those languages. This paper reports on an industrial experiment on using a tool-supported language specification framework (K) for the formal specification of the syntax and semantics of a filtering language having a complexity similar to those of real-life projects. Read More