Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture Publications (50)

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Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture Publications

In critical infrastructures, communication networks are used to exchange vital data among elements of Industrial Control Systems (ICSes). Due to the criticality of such systems and the increase of the cybersecurity risks in these contexts, best practices recommend the adoption of Intrusion Detection Systems (IDSes) as monitoring facilities. The choice of the positions of IDSes is crucial to monitor as many streams of data traffic as possible. Read More


As Internet applications have become more diverse in recent years, users having heavy demand for online video services are more willing to pay higher prices for better services than light users that mainly use e-mails and instant messages. This encourages the Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to explore service differentiations so as to optimize their profits and allocation of network resources. Much prior work has focused on the viability of network service differentiation by comparing with the case of a single-class service. Read More


In an Ultra-dense network (UDN) where there are more base stations (BSs) than active users, it is possible that many BSs are instantaneously left idle. Thus, how to utilize these dormant BSs by means of cooperative transmission is an interesting question. In this paper, we investigate the performance of a UDN with two types of cooperation schemes: non-coherent joint transmission (JT) without channel state information (CSI) and coherent JT with full CSI knowledge. Read More


In this paper, we investigate the impact of network densification on the performance in terms of downlink signal-tointerference (SIR) coverage probability and network area spectral efficiency (ASE). A sophisticated bounded dual-slope path loss model and practical UE densities are incorporated in the analysis. By using stochastic geometry, we derive an integral expression along with closed-form bounds of the coverage probability and ASE, validated by simulation results. Read More


This paper presents a distributed scheduling policy for maximizing throughput of multi-hop networked transportation systems with switch-over delay. As urban congestion is becoming increasingly severe, the emerging connected-vehicle technology provides a new dimension in developing more intelligent traffic control algorithms for signalized intersections in networked transportation systems. At signalized intersections, the switch-over delay results from the guard time required for safety before any traffic signal change. Read More


We study the scheduling polices for asymptotically optimal delay in queueing systems with switching overhead. Such systems consist of a single server that serves multiple queues, and some capacity is lost whenever the server switches to serve a different set of queues. The capacity loss due to this switching overhead can be significant in many emerging applications, and needs to be explicitly addressed in the design of scheduling policies. Read More


The growing demand in mobile Internet access calls for high capacity and energy efficient cellular access with better cell coverage. The in-band relaying solution, proposed in LTE-Advanced, improves coverage without requiring additional spectrum for backhauling, making its deployment more economical and practical. However, in-band relay without careful management incurs low spectrum utilization and reduces the system capacity. Read More


The electricity production and distribution is facing two major changes. First, the production is shifting from classical energy sources such as coal and nuclear power towards renewable resources such as solar and wind. Secondly, the consumption in the low voltage grid is expected to grow significantly due to expected introduction of electrical vehicles. Read More


Balancing the load in content addressing schemes for route-restricted networks represents a challenge with a wide range of applications. Solutions based on greedy embeddings maintain minimal state information and enable efficient routing, but any such solutions currently result in either imbalanced content addressing, overloading individual nodes, or are unable to efficiently account for network dynamics. In this work, we propose a greedy embedding in combination with a content addressing scheme that provides balanced content addressing while at the same time enabling efficient stabilization in the presence of network dynamics. Read More


Advanced Cyber-Physical Systems aim for the balancing of restricted local resources of deeply embedded systems with cloud-based resources depending on the availability of network connectivity: in case of excellent connectivity, the offloading of large amounts of data can be more efficient than the local processing on a resource-constraint platform, while this latter solution is preferred in case of limited connectivity. This paper proposes a Client-Based Control Channel Analysis for Connectivity Estimation (C3ACE), a new passive probing mechanism to enable the client-side to estimate the connection quality of 4G networks in range. The results show that by observing and analyzing the control traffic in real-time, the number of active user equipment in a cell can be determined with surprising accuracy (with errors well below 10e-6). Read More


A scalable framework is developed to allocate radio resources across a large number of densely deployed small cells with given traffic statistics on a slow timescale. Joint user association and spectrum allocation is first formulated as a convex optimization problem by dividing the spectrum among all possible transmission patterns of active access points (APs). To improve scalability with the number of APs, the problem is reformulated using local patterns of interfering APs. Read More


In this paper we consider a single-cell downlink scenario where a multiple-antenna base station delivers contents to multiple cache-enabled user terminals. Based on the multicasting opportunities provided by the so-called Coded Caching technique, we investigate three delivery approaches. Our baseline scheme employs the coded caching technique on top of max-min fair multicasting. Read More


In this paper, we investigate a coverage extension scheme based on orthogonal random precoding (ORP) for the downlink of massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems. In this scheme, a precoding matrix consisting of orthogonal vectors is employed at the transmitter to enhance the maximum signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) of the user. To analyze and optimize the ORP scheme in terms of cell coverage, we derive the analytical expressions of the downlink coverage probability for two receiver structures, namely, the single-antenna (SA) receiver and multiple-antenna receiver with antenna selection (AS). Read More


We propose occupying guard-bands in closely-spaced WDM systems with redundant signal spectral components, to increase tolerance to frequency misalignment and channel shaping from multiplexing elements. By cyclically repeating the spectrum of a modulated signal, we show improved tolerance to impairments due to add/drop multiplexing with a commercial wavelength selective switch, in systems using 5-20% guard bands on a 50-GHz DWDM grid. Read More


LTE evolved Multimedia Broadcast/Multicast Service (eMBMS) is an attractive solution for video delivery to very large groups in crowded venues. However, deployment and management of eMBMS systems is challenging, due to the lack of realtime feedback from the User Equipment (UEs). Therefore, we present the Dynamic Monitoring (DyMo) system for low-overhead feedback collection. Read More


Network latencies have become increasingly important for the performance of web servers and cloud computing platforms. Identifying network-related tail latencies and reasoning about their potential causes is especially important to gauge application run-time in online data-intensive applications, where the 99th percentile latency of individual operations can significantly affect the the overall latency of requests. This paper deconstructs the "tail at scale" effect across TCP-IP, UDP-IP, and RDMA network protocols. Read More


With the evolution of HDTV and Ultra HDTV, the bandwidth requirement for IP-based TV content is rapidly increasing. Consumers demand uninterrupted service with a high Quality of Experience (QoE). Service providers are constantly trying to differentiate themselves by innovating new ways of distributing content more efficiently with lower cost and higher penetration. Read More


Vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communication is a crucial component of the future autonomous driving systems since it enables improved awareness of the surrounding environment, even without extensive processing of sensory information. However, V2V communication is prone to failures and delays, so a distributed fault-tolerant approach is required for safe and efficient transportation. In this paper, we focus on the intersection crossing (IC) problem with autonomous vehicles that cooperate via V2V communications, and propose a novel distributed IC algorithm that can handle an unknown number of communication failures. Read More


Today's WiFi networks deliver a large fraction of traffic. However, the performance and quality of WiFi networks are still far from satisfactory. Among many popular quality metrics (throughput, latency), the probability of successfully connecting to WiFi APs and the time cost of the WiFi connection set-up process are the two of the most critical metrics that affect WiFi users' experience. Read More


Content Centric Networking (CCN) is a new network infrastructure around content dissemination and retrieval, shift from host addresses to named data. Each CCN router has a cache to store the chunks passed by it. Therefore the caching strategy about chunk placement can greatly affect the whole CCN performance. Read More


Various current trends such as ever growing population and accelerated aging effects have effectively promoted the growth of Wireless Body Area Network (WBAN). Being the specialized standard of WBAN, the burgeoning IEEE 802.15. Read More


A coflow is a collection of parallel flows belonging to the same job. It has the all-or-nothing property: a coflow is not complete until the completion of all its constituent flows. In this paper, we focus on optimizing \emph{coflow-level delay}, i. Read More


Small-cell deployment in licensed and unlicensed spectrum is considered to be one of the key approaches to cope with the ongoing wireless data demand explosion. Compared to traditional cellular base stations with large transmission power, small-cells typically have relatively low transmission power, which makes them attractive for some spectrum bands that have strict power regulations, for example, the 3.5GHz band [1]. Read More


Typical analysis of content caching algorithms using the metric of hit probability under a stationary request process does not account for performance loss under a variable request arrival process. In this work, we consider adaptability of caching algorithms from two perspectives: (a) the accuracy of learning a fixed popularity distribution; and (b) the speed of learning items' popularity. In order to attain this goal, we compute the distance between the stationary distributions of several popular algorithms with that of a genie-aided algorithm that has knowledge of the true popularity ranking, which we use as a measure of learning accuracy. Read More


This paper describes the work that has been done in the design and development of a wireless OBD II fleet management system. The system aims to measure speed, distance and fuel consumption of vehicles for tracking and analysis purposes. An OBD II reader is designed to measure speed and mass air flow, from which distance and fuel consumption are also computed. Read More


Wireless access technologies have been extensively developed aiming to give users the ability to connect to their expected networks anytime, anywhere. This leads to an increment of the number of wireless interfaces integrated into a single mobile device, hence, it allows the device to be able to connect to multiple access networks. However, in some specific cases such as natural disasters, having an uncorrupted and timely information exchanging means is critical for affected victims to survive or to connect to the outside world. Read More


Using theoretical results presented in former papers, two prototypes were developed, aiming at estimating within minutes the cost of a fibre network deployment on a given territory. The first one helps defining the limit of an urban territory and computes mathematical parameters representing its street system. The second one gives global information on a fixed network deployment on this territory, namely the probability distributions of distances and attenuation from a node of the network to the final customer, and an evaluation of the deployment cost, once given an architecture and engineering rules. Read More


In this paper, a comprehensive survey of the pioneer as well as the state of-the-art localization and tracking methods in the wireless sensor networks is presented. Localization is mostly applicable for the static sensor nodes, whereas, tracking for the mobile sensor nodes. The localization algorithms are broadly classified as range-based and range-free methods. Read More


In the past decade Optical WDM Networks (Wavelength Division Multiplexing) are being used quite often and especially as far as broadband applications are concerned. Message packets transmitted through such networks can be interrupted using time slots in order to maximize network usage and minimize the time required for all messages to reach their destination. However, preempting a packet will result in time cost. Read More


This paper presents a comprehensive literature review on applications of economic and pricing models for resource management in cloud networking. To achieve sustainable profit advantage, cost reduction, and flexibility in provisioning of cloud resources, resource management in cloud networking requires adaptive and robust designs to address many issues, e.g. Read More


Effective file transfer between vehicles is fundamental to many emerging vehicular infotainment applications in the highway Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (VANETs), such as content distribution and social networking. However, due to fast mobility, the connection between vehicles tends to be short-lived and lossy, which makes intact file transfer extremely challenging. To tackle this problem, we presents a novel Cluster-based File Transfer (CFT) scheme for highway VANETs in this paper. Read More


Mobile Crowdsensing is a promising paradigm for ubiquitous sensing, which explores the tremendous data collected by mobile smart devices with prominent spatial-temporal coverage. As a fundamental property of Mobile Crowdsensing Systems, temporally recruited mobile users can provide agile, fine-grained, and economical sensing labors, however their self-interest cannot guarantee the quality of the sensing data, even when there is a fair return. Therefore, a mechanism is required for the system server to recruit well-behaving users for credible sensing, and to stimulate and reward more contributive users based on sensing truth discovery to further increase credible reporting. Read More


Mobile Crowdsourcing is a promising service paradigm utilizing ubiquitous mobile devices to facilitate largescale crowdsourcing tasks (e.g. urban sensing and collaborative computing). Read More


This project is about EnHANTs networks. These networks have self-sustainable energy devices and the communication is performed over wireless links between neighboring devices. Since the devices are very limited in terms of energy, sending the data in these networks has to be as effective as possible and must take into consideration the available amount of energy. Read More


A virtual network (VN) contains a collection of virtual nodes and links assigned to underlying physical resources in a network substrate. VN migration is the process of remapping a VN's logical topology to a new set of physical resources to provide failure recovery, energy savings, or defense against attack. Providing VN migration that is transparent to running applications is a significant challenge. Read More


The problem of elephant flow detection has been the subject of intense research for the last fifteen years at least. However, previous research presumes the existence of the abstract concept of flow size, for which the current literature has no formal mathematical definition. In this paper, we develop a theoretical framework that leads to the definition of the abstract concept of flow size in connection with the global quality of service (QoS) requirements of a network. Read More


Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) revolutionize various application domains with integration and interoperability of networking, computing systems, and mechanical devices. Due to its scale and variety, CPS faces a number of challenges and opens up a few research questions in terms of management, fault-tolerance, and scalability. We propose a software-defined approach inspired by Software-Defined Networking (SDN), to address the challenges for a wider CPS adoption. Read More


In this paper, we propose a unified framework to analyze the performance of dense small cell networks (SCNs) in terms of the coverage probability and the area spectral efficiency (ASE). A practical path loss model incorporating both non-line-of-sight (NLOS) and line-of-sight (LOS) transmissions has been considered in our analysis. Moreover, we adopt a generalized shadowing/fading model, in which log-normal shadowing and/or Rayleigh fading can be treated in a unified framework. Read More


Thanks to the recent advancements in drone technology, it has become viable and cost-effective to quickly deploy small cells in areas of urgent needs by using a drone as a cellular base station. In this paper, we explore the benefit of dynamically repositioning the drone base station in the air to reduce the distance between the BS and the mobile user equipment, thereby improving the spectral efficiency of the small cell. In particular, we propose algorithms to autonomously control the repositioning of the drone in response to users activities and movements. Read More


HTTP adaptive streaming (HAS) has become the universal technology for video streaming over the Internet. Many HAS system designs aim at sharing the network bandwidth in a rate-fair manner. However, rate fairness is in general not equivalent to quality fairness as different video sequences might have different characteristics and resource requirements. Read More


Incentive mechanisms for crowdsourcing have been extensively studied under the framework of all-pay auctions. Along a distinct line, this paper proposes to use Tullock contests as an alternative tool to design incentive mechanisms for crowdsourcing. We are inspired by the conduciveness of Tullock contests to attracting user entry (yet not necessarily a higher revenue) in other domains. Read More


In this paper, we consider a finite network of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) serving a given region. Modeling this network as a uniform binomial point process (BPP), we derive the downlink coverage probability of a reference receiver located at an arbitrary position on the ground assuming Nakagami-$m$ fading for all wireless links. The reference receiver is assumed to connect to its closest transmitting node as is usually the case in cellular systems. Read More


Technological developments alongside VLSI achievements enable mobile devices to be equipped with multiple radio interfaces which is known as multihoming. On the other hand, the combination of various wireless access technologies, known as Next Generation Wireless Networks (NGWNs) has been introduced to provide continuous connection to mobile devices in any time and location. Cognitive radio networks as a part of NGWNs aroused to overcome spectrum inefficiency and spectrum scarcity issues. Read More


Based on the observation that the correlation between observed traffic at two measurement points or traffic stations may be time-varying, attributable to the time-varying speed which subsequently causes variations in the time required to travel between the two points, in this paper, we develop a modified Space-Time Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (STARIMA) model with time-varying lags for short-term traffic flow prediction. Particularly, the temporal lags in the modified STARIMA change with the time-varying speed at different time of the day or equivalently change with the (time-varying) time required to travel between two measurement points. Firstly, a technique is developed to evaluate the temporal lag in the STARIMA model, where the temporal lag is formulated as a function of the spatial lag (spatial distance) and the average speed. Read More


To ensure proper functioning of a Wireless Sensor Network (WSN), it is crucial that the network is able to detect anomalies in communication quality (e.g., RSSI), which may cause performance degradation, so that the network can react accordingly. Read More


We show that it is common to lose some datapoints for mea-surements scheduled at regular interval on RIPE Atlas. Thetemporal correlation between missing measurements and con-nection events are analyzed, in the pursuit of understandingreasons behind such missings. To our surprise, a big part of measurements are lost while probes are connected. Read More


In heterogeneous networks (HetNets), load balancing among different tiers can be effectively achieved by a biased user association scheme with which each user chooses to associate with one base station (BS) based on the biased received power. In contrast to previous studies where a BS always has packets to transmit, we assume in this paper that incoming packets intended for all the associated users form a queue in the BS. In order to find the delay limit of the network to support real-time service, we focus on the delay optimization problem by properly tuning the biasing factor of each tier. Read More


Internet is powered by the world wide optical network and hence, survivability of optical network is extremely important. Sometimes, the protection for the two failed links interfere with each other and as a consequence only one failure can be protected. In a large optical network, failure probability of two links with overlapping protection can be high, as these links will be very likely geographically closer. Read More


Small cells deployment is one of the most significant long-term strategic policies of the mobile network operators. In heterogeneous networks (HetNets), small cells serve as offloading spots in the radio access network to offload macro users (MUs) and their associated traffic from congested macrocells. In this paper, we perform analytical analysis and investigate how the radio propagation effects such as multipath and shadowing and small cell base station density affect MUs' offloading to small cell network (SCN). Read More


This paper investigates the use of WiFi and mobile device-to-device networks, with vehicular ad hoc networks being a typical example, as a complementary means to offload and reduce the traffic load of cellular networks. A novel cooperative content dissemination strategy is proposed for a heterogeneous network consisting of different types of devices with different levels of mobility, ranging from static WiFi access points to mobile devices such as vehicles. The proposed strategy offloads a significant proportion of data traffic from cellular networks to WiFi or device-to-device networks. Read More