Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture Publications (50)

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Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture Publications

Network Functions Virtualization (NFV) aims to support service providers to deploy various services in a more agile and cost-effective way. However, the softwarization and cloudification of network functions can result in severe congestion and low network performance. In this paper, we propose a solution to address this issue. Read More


Network Function Virtualization (NFV) is enabling the softwarization of traditional network services, commonly deployed in dedicated hardware, into generic hardware in form of Virtual Network Functions (VNFs), which can be located flexibly in the network. However, network load balancing can be critical for an ordered sequence of VNFs, also known as Service Function Chains (SFCs), a common cloud and network service approach today. The placement of these chained functions increases the ping-pong traffic between VNFs, directly affecting to the efficiency of bandwidth utilization. Read More


Lately, Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) have become an emerging technology and can be utilized in some crucial circumstances like battlegrounds, commercial applications, habitat observing, buildings, smart homes, traffic surveillance and other different places. One of the foremost difficulties that WSN faces nowadays is protection from serious attacks. While organizing the sensor nodes in an abandoned environment makes network systems helpless against an assortment of strong assaults, intrinsic memory and power restrictions of sensor nodes make the traditional security arrangements impractical. Read More


This paper enables connectivity on everyday objects by transforming them into FM radio stations. To do this, we show for the first time that ambient FM radio signals can be used as a signal source for backscatter communication. Our design creates backscatter transmissions that can be decoded on any FM receiver including those in cars and smartphones. Read More


Full-duplex (FD) allows the exchange of data between nodes on the same temporal and spectrum resources, however, it introduces self interference (SI) and additional network interference compared to half-duplex (HD). Power control in the FD networks, which is seldom studied in the literature, is promising to mitigate the interference and improve the performance of the overall network. In this work, we investigate the random and deterministic power control strategies in the FD networks, namely, constant power control, uniform power control, fractional power control and ALOHA-like random on-off power control scheme. Read More


Obtaining flow-level measurements, similar to those provided by Netflow/IPFIX, with OpenFlow is challenging as it requires the installation of an entry per flow in the flow tables. This approach does not scale well with the number of concurrent flows in the traffic as the number of entries in the flow tables is limited and small. Flow monitoring rules may also interfere with forwarding or other rules already present in the switches, which are often defined at different granularities than the flow level. Read More


Compared to current mobile networks, next-generation mobile networks are expected to support higher numbers of simultaneously connected devices and to achieve higher system spectrum efficiency and lower power consumption. To achieve these goals, we study the multi-sharing device-to-device (D2D) communication, which allows any cellular user equipment to share its radio resource with multiple D2D devices. We jointly consider resource block reuse and power control and then develop the MISS algorithm. Read More


CSMA (Carrier Sense Multiple Access) algorithms based on Gibbs sampling can achieve throughput optimality if certain parameters called the fugacities are appropriately chosen. However, the problem of computing these fugacities is NP-hard. In this work, we derive estimates of the fugacities by using a framework called the regional free energy approximations. Read More


With the tremendous increase of the Internet traffic, achieving the best performance with limited resources is becoming an extremely urgent problem. In order to address this concern, in this paper, we build an optimization problem which aims to maximize the total utility of traffic flows with the capacity constraint of nodes and links in the network. Based on Duality Theory, we propose an iterative algorithm which adjusts the rates of traffic flows and capacity of nodes and links simultaneously to maximize the total utility. Read More


With the increasing interest in the use of millimeter wave bands for 5G cellular systems comes renewed interest in resource sharing. Properties of millimeter wave bands such as massive bandwidth, highly directional antennas, high penetration loss, and susceptibility to shadowing, suggest technical advantages to spectrum and infrastructure sharing in millimeter wave cellular networks. However, technical advantages do not necessarily translate to increased profit for service providers, or increased consumer surplus. Read More


In this paper, we develop a framework for an innovative perceptive mobile (i.e. cellular) network that integrates sensing with communication, and supports new applications widely in transportation, surveillance and environmental sensing. Read More


Zone-level occupancy counting is a critical technology for smart buildings and can be used for several applications such as building energy management, surveillance, and public safety. Existing occupancy counting techniques typically require installation of large number of occupancy monitoring sensors inside a building as well as an established network. In this study, in order to achieve occupancy counting, we consider the use of WiFi probe requests that are continuously transmitted from WiFi enabled smart devices. Read More


Although there is consensus that software defined networking and network functions virtualization overhaul service provisioning and deployment, the community still lacks a definite answer on how carrier-grade operations praxis needs to evolve. This article presents what lies beyond the first evolutionary steps in network management, identifies the challenges in service verification, observability, and troubleshooting, and explains how to address them using our Service Provider DevOps (SP-DevOps) framework. We compendiously cover the entire process from design goals to tool realization and employ an elastic version of an industry-standard use case to show how on-the-fly verification, software-defined monitoring, and automated troubleshooting of services reduce the cost of fault management actions. Read More


The concept of SDN has emerged as a way to address numerous challenges with traditional network architectures by decoupling network control and forwarding. So far, the use cases for SDN mainly targeted data-center applications. This article considers SDN for network carriers, facing operation of large-scale networks with millions of customers, multiple technologies, and high availability demands. Read More


We propose an intelligent proactive content caching scheme to reduce the energy consumption in wireless downlink. We consider an online social network (OSN) setting where new contents are generated over time, and remain \textit{relevant} to the user for a random lifetime. Contents are downloaded to the user equipment (UE) through a time-varying wireless channel at an energy cost that depends on the channel state and the number of contents downloaded. Read More


The rapid growth in the number and variety of connected devices requires 5G wireless systems to cope with a very heterogeneous traffic mix. As a consequence, the use of a fixed TTI during transmission is not necessarily the most efficacious method when heterogeneous traffic types need to be simultaneously serviced.This work analyzes the benefits of scheduling based on exploiting scalable TTI, where the channel assignment and the TTI duration are adapted to the deadlines and requirements of different services. Read More


A novel semantic approach to data selection and compression is presented for the dynamic adaptation of IoT data processing and transmission within "wireless islands", where a set of sensing devices (sensors) are interconnected through one-hop wireless links to a computational resource via a local access point. The core of the proposed technique is a cooperative framework where local classifiers at the mobile nodes are dynamically crafted and updated based on the current state of the observed system, the global processing objective and the characteristics of the sensors and data streams. The edge processor plays a key role by establishing a link between content and operations within the distributed system. Read More


The growing complexity of heterogeneous cellular networks (HetNets) has necessitated the need to consider variety of user and base station (BS) configurations for realistic performance evaluation and system design. This is directly reflected in the HetNet simulation models considered by standardization bodies, such as the third generation partnership project (3GPP). Complementary to these simulation models, stochastic geometry based approach modeling the user and BS locations as independent and homogeneous Poisson point processes (PPPs) has gained prominence in the past few years. Read More


Joint allocation of spectrum and user association is considered for a large cellular network. The objective is to optimize a network utility function such as average delay given traffic statistics collected over a slow timescale. A key challenge is scalability: given $n$ Access Points (APs), there are $O(2^n)$ ways in which the APs can share the spectrum. Read More


Over the past decade, online social networks (OSNs) such as Twitter and Facebook have thrived and experienced rapid growth to over 1 billion users. A major evolution would be to leverage the characteristic of OSNs to evaluate the effectiveness of the many routing schemes developed by the research community in real-world scenarios. In this demo, we showcase AlleyOop Social, a secure delay tolerant networking research platform that serves as a real-life mobile social networking application for iOS devices. Read More


In a multi-carrier phase ranging (MPR) system, the distance that radio signal travels is estimated through phase shift of multiple carrier frequencies. Due to phase ambiguity, a unique estimation can only be obtained within the unambiguous distance (UD), which depends on the carrier frequencies used for ranging. Without external information, the maximum measurable distance of an MPR system is defined by its UD. Read More


To cope with recent exponential increases in demand for mobile data, wireless Internet service providers (ISPs) are increasingly changing their pricing plans and deploying WiFi hotspots to offload their mobile traffic. However, these ISP-centric approaches for traffic management do not always match the interests of mobile users. Users face a complex, multi-dimensional tradeoff between cost, throughput, and delay in making their offloading decisions: while they may save money and receive a higher throughput by waiting for WiFi access, they may not wait for WiFi if they are sensitive to delay. Read More


Network densification and heterogenisation through the deployment of small cellular access points (picocells and femtocells) are seen as key mechanisms in handling the exponential increase in cellular data traffic. Modelling such networks by leveraging tools from Stochastic Geometry has proven particularly useful in understanding the fundamental limits imposed on network coverage and capacity by co-channel interference. Most of these works however assume infinite sized and uniformly distributed networks on the Euclidean plane. Read More


Next-generation 802.11ax WLANs will make extensive use of multi-user communications in both downlink (DL) and uplink (UL) directions to achieve high and efficient spectrum utilization in scenarios with many user stations per access point. It will become possible with the support of multi-user (MU) multiple input, multiple output (MIMO) and orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA) transmissions. Read More


Prefix hijacking is a common phenomenon in the Internet that often causes routing problems and economic losses. In this demo, we propose ARTEMIS, a tool that enables network administrators to detect and mitigate prefix hijacking incidents, against their own prefixes. ARTEMIS is based on the real-time monitoring of BGP data in the Internet, and software-defined networking (SDN) principles, and can completely mitigate a prefix hijacking within a few minutes (e. Read More


Technological evolution of mobile user equipments (UEs), such as smartphones, laptops, etc., goes hand-in-hand with evolution of new mobile applications. However, running computationally demanding applications at the UEs is constrained by limited battery capacity and quite significant energy consumption of the UEs. Read More


Boosting data rates in LTE mobile networks is one of the key features of LTE-Advanced. This improved user experience is achieved by Carrier Aggregation (CA), in which the available spectrum of an operator is bundled out of several frequency bands. Accordingly, the user equipment has to supply multiple reception chains and therefore consumes considerably more power during a transmission. Read More


Efficient routing is one of the key challenges for next generation vehicular networks in order to provide fast and reliable communication in a smart city context. Various routing protocols have been proposed for determining optimal routing paths in highly dynamic topologies. However, it is the dilemma of those kinds of networks that good paths are used intensively, resulting in congestion and path quality degradation. Read More


We consider the problem of efficient packet dissemination in wireless networks with point-to-multi-point wireless broadcast channels. We propose a dynamic policy, which achieves the broadcast capacity of the network. This policy is obtained by first transforming the original multi-hop network into a precedence-relaxed virtual single-hop network and then finding an optimal broadcast policy for the relaxed network. Read More


In this paper we first introduce the NFV architecture and the use of IPv6 Segment Routing (SRv6) to support Service Function Chaining in an NFV scenario. We describe the concepts of SR-aware and SR-unaware Virtual Network Functions (VNFs). The detailed design of a network domain supporting VNF chaining through SRv6 is provided. Read More


Wireless Body Area Networks (WBAN) open an interdisciplinary area within Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) research, with a tremendous impact in healthcare area where sensors are used to monitor, collect and transmit biological parameters of the human body. We propose the rst network-MAC cross-layer broadcast protocol in WBAN. Our protocol, evaluated in the OMNET++ simulator enriched with realistic human body mobility models and channel models issued from the recent research on biomedical and health informatics, outperforms existing at broadcast strategies in terms of percentage of covered nodes, energy consumption and correct reception of causally-ordered packets (i. Read More


Pushing popular content to cheap "helper" nodes (e.g., small cells) during off-peak hours has recently been proposed to cope with the increase in mobile data traffic. Read More


In this paper, we propose a unified framework to analyze the performance of dense small cell networks (SCNs) in terms of the coverage probability and the area spectral efficiency (ASE). In our analysis, we consider a practical path loss model that accounts for both non-line-of-sight (NLOS) and line-of-sight (LOS) transmissions. Furthermore, we adopt a generalized fading model, in which Rayleigh fading, Rician fading and Nakagami-m fading can be treated in a unified framework. Read More


Agile-SD is one of the latest versions of loss-based congestion control algorithm (CCA), which has been proposed to improve the total performance of transmission control protocol (TCP) over high-speed and short-distance networks. It has introduced a new mechanism, called agility factor mechanism, which shortens the epoch time to reduce the sensitivity to packet losses and in turn to increase the average throughput. Agile-SD has only been tested via simulation; however, it has not been mathematically proven or evaluated. Read More


We consider optimal/efficient power allocation policies in a single/multihop wireless network in the presence of hard end-to-end deadline delay constraints on the transmitted packets. Such constraints can be useful for real time voice and video. Power is consumed in only transmission of the data. Read More


Mobile crowdsensing has emerged as an efficient sensing paradigm which combines the crowd intelligence and the sensing power of mobile devices, e.g.,~mobile phones and Internet of Things (IoT) gadgets. Read More


Both GPS and WiFi based localization have been exploited in recent years, yet most researches focus on localizing at home without environment context. Besides, the near home or workplace area is complex and has little attention in smart home or IOT. Therefore, after exploring the realistic route in and out of building, we conducted a time localization system (TLS) based on off-the-shelf smart phones with WiFi identification. Read More


Security is an increasingly fundamental requirement in Software-Defined Networking (SDN). We estimate the slow pace of adoption of secure mechanisms to be a consequence of the overhead of traditional solutions and of the complexity of the support infrastructure required. In this paper we address these two problems as a first step towards defining a secure SDN architecture. Read More


Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSs) require ultra-low end-to-end delays and multi-gigabit-per-second data transmission. Millimetre Waves (mmWaves) communications can fulfil these requirements. However, the increased mobility of Connected and Autonomous Vehicles (CAVs), requires frequent beamforming - thus introducing increased overhead. Read More


Mobile AdHoc NETworks (MANETs) have been identified as a key emerging technology for scenarios in which IEEE 802.11 or cellular communications are either infeasible, inefficient, or cost-ineffective. Smartphones are the most adequate network nodes in many of these scenarios, but it is not straightforward to build a network with them. Read More


Software-Defined Networking (SDN) is a novel architectural model for cloud network infrastructure, improving resource utilization, scalability and administration. SDN deployments increasingly rely on virtual switches executing on commodity operating systems with large code bases, which are prime targets for adversaries attacking the net- work infrastructure. We describe and implement TruSDN, a framework for bootstrapping trust in SDN infrastructure using Intel Software Guard Extensions (SGX), allowing to securely deploy SDN components and protect communication between network endpoints. Read More


In this paper, we study the problem of wireless sensor network (WSN) maintenance using mobile entities called mules. The mules are deployed in the area of the WSN in such a way that would minimize the time it takes them to reach a failed sensor and fix it. The mules must constantly optimize their collective deployment to account for occupied mules. Read More


To cope with the ongoing changing demands of the internet, 'in-network caching' has been presented as an application solution for two decades. With the advent of information-centric network (ICN) architecture, 'in-network caching' becomes a network level solution. Some unique features of ICNs, e. Read More


We propose WiPLUS -- a system that enables WiFi to deal with the stealthy invasion of LTE-U into the frequency bands used by WiFi. Using solely MAC layer information extracted passively, during runtime, out of the hardware registers of the WiFi NIC at the WiFi access point, WiPLUS is able to: i) detect interfering LTE-U signals, ii) compute their duty-cycles, and iii) derive the effective medium airtime available for each WiFi link in a WiFi Basic Service Set (BSS). Moreover WiPLUS provides accurate timing information about the detected LTE-U ON and OFF phases enabling advanced interference mitigation strategies such as interference-aware scheduling of packet transmissions, rate adaptation and adaptive channel bonding. Read More


Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) usually consist of hundreds or thousands of sensor nodes scattered in a geographical area and one or multiple sink(s) collecting information. The special design and character of sensors and their applications make WSNs different from traditional networks. These characteristics pose great challenges for architecture and protocol design, performance modeling, and implementation. Read More


This work addresses the problem associated with coordinating scheduling decisions among multiple base stations in an LTE-Advanced downlink network in order to manage inter-cell interference with a centralized controller. To solve the coordinated scheduling problem an integer non-linear program is formulated that, unlike most existing approaches, does not rely on exact channel state information but only makes use of the specific measurement reports defined in the 3GPP standard. An equivalent integer linear reformulation of the coordinated scheduling problem is proposed, which can be efficiently solved by commercial solvers. Read More


Wireless sensor networks are deployed in many monitoring applications but still suffer from short lifetimes originating from limited energy sources and storages. Due to their low-power consumption and their on-demand communication ability, wake-up receivers represent an energy efficient and simple enhancement to wireless sensor nodes and wireless sensor network protocols. In this context, wake-up receivers have the ability to increase the network lifetime. Read More


We study the in-network computation of arbitrary functions whose computation schema is a complete binary tree, i.e., we assume that the network wants to compute a function of $K$ operands, each of which is available at a distinct node in the network, and rather than simply collecting the $K$ operands at a single sink node and computing the function, we want to compute the function during the process of moving the data towards the sink. Read More


Internet of Things (IoT) is the next big evolutionary step in the world of internet. The main intention behind the IoT is to enable safer living and risk mitigation on different levels of life. With the advent of IoT botnets, the view towards IoT devices has changed from enabler of enhanced living into Internet of vulnerabilities for cyber criminals. Read More


With the emerging of the fifth generation (5G) mobile communication systems and software defined networks, not only the performance of vehicular networks could be improved but also new applications of vehicular networks are required by future vehicles, e.g., pilotless vehicles. Read More