The Immitigable Nature of Assembly Bias: The Impact of Halo Definition on Assembly Bias

2017May
Affiliations: 1U Pittsburgh/PITT PACC, 2U Pittsburgh/PITT PACC, 3U Pittsburgh/PITT PACC, 4RIT/CCRG, 5Yale, 6CfA/Harvard, 7Yale, 8U Pittsburgh/PITT PACC, 9Yale

Dark matter halo clustering depends not only on halo mass, but also on other properties such as concentration and shape. This phenomenon is known broadly as assembly bias. We explore the dependence of assembly bias on halo definition, parametrized by spherical overdensity parameter, $\Delta$. We summarize the strength of concentration-, shape-, and spin-dependent halo clustering as a function of halo mass and halo definition. Concentration-dependent clustering depends strongly on mass at all $\Delta$. For conventional halo definitions ($\Delta \sim 200\mathrm{m}-600\mathrm{m}$), concentration-dependent clustering at low mass is driven by a population of haloes that is altered through interactions with neighbouring haloes. Concentration-dependent clustering can be greatly reduced through a mass-dependent halo definition with $\Delta \sim 20\mathrm{m}-40\mathrm{m}$ for haloes with $M_{200\mathrm{m}} \lesssim 10^{12}\, h^{-1}\mathrm{M}_{\odot}$. Smaller $\Delta$ implies larger radii and mitigates assembly bias at low mass by subsuming altered, so-called backsplash haloes into now larger host haloes. At higher masses ($M_{200\mathrm{m}} \gtrsim 10^{13}\, h^{-1}\mathrm{M}_{\odot}$) larger overdensities, $\Delta \gtrsim 600\mathrm{m}$, are necessary. Shape- and spin-dependent clustering are significant for all halo definitions that we explore and exhibit a relatively weaker mass dependence. Generally, both the strength and the sense of assembly bias depend on halo definition, varying significantly even among common definitions. We identify no halo definition that mitigates all manifestations of assembly bias. A halo definition that mitigates assembly bias based on one halo property (e.g., concentration) must be mass dependent. The halo definitions that best mitigate concentration-dependent halo clustering do not coincide with the expected average splashback radii at fixed halo mass.

Comments: 18 pages, 13 figures. Main result summarized in Figure 10

Similar Publications

There is a strong interest in finding a link between Higgs scalar fields and inflationary physics. A good Higgs-inflation potential should have a form as simple as possible, provide agreement with observations and be used, once its parameters are determined from experimental data, to make predictions. In literature the presence of one or possibly more minima of several class of potentials has been discussed: here we focus on a potential having infintely many non-degenerate minima, with a tunable energy difference between them. Read More


The presence of ubiquitous magnetic fields in the universe is suggested from observations of radiation and cosmic ray from galaxies or the intergalactic medium (IGM). One possible origin of cosmic magnetic fields is the magnetogenesis in the primordial universe. Such magnetic fields are called primordial magnetic fields (PMFs), and are considered to affect the evolution of matter density fluctuations and the thermal history of the IGM gas. Read More


We compare a large suite of theoretical cosmological models to observational data from the cosmic microwave background, baryon acoustic oscillation measurements of expansion, Type Ia SNe measurements of expansion, redshift space distortion measurements of the growth of structure, and the local Hubble constant. Our theoretical models include parametrizations of dark energy as well as physical models of dark energy and modified gravity. We determine the constraints on the model parameters, incorporating the redshift space distortion data directly in the analysis. Read More


CMB observations provide a precise measurement of the primordial power spectrum on large scales, corresponding to wavenumbers $10^{-3}$ Mpc$^{-1}$ < k < 0.1 Mpc$^{-1}$, [1-8]. Luminous red galaxies and galaxy clusters probe the matter power spectrum on overlapping scales (0. Read More


In this paper, by analyzing the dynamics of the inhomogeneous quintessence dark energy, we find that the gradient energy of dark energy will oscillate and gradually vanish, which indicates the gradient energy of the scalar field present in the early universe does not affect the current dynamics of the universe. Moreover, with the decaying of gradient energy, there exists a possible mutual transformation between kinetic energy and gradient energy. In the framework of interacting dark energy models, we argue that inhomogeneous dark energy may have a significant effect on the evolution of the cosmic background, the investigation of which still requires fully relativistic $N$-body numerical simulations in the future. Read More


If the gamma-ray excess from the galactic center reported by Fermi-LAT is a signal from annihilating dark matter, one must question why a similar excess has not been observed in dwarf spheroidal galaxies. We use this observation to place constraints on the density profile of dwarf spheroidal galaxies under the assumption that the galactic center excess is in fact a signal from annihilating dark matter. We place constraints on the generalized NFW parameter $\gamma$ and the Einasto profile parameter $\alpha$ which control the logarithmic slope of the inner regions of the halo's density profile. Read More


A new generation of interferometric instruments is emerging which aim to use intensity mapping of redshifted $21\,$cm radiation to measure the large-scale structure of the Universe at $z\simeq 1-2$ over wide areas of sky. While these instruments typically have limited angular resolution, they cover huge volumes and thus can be used to provide large samples of rare objects. In this paper we study how well such instruments could find spatially extended large-scale structures, such as cosmic voids, using a matched filter formalism. Read More


Real time evolution of classical gauge fields is relevant for a number of applications in particle physics and cosmology, ranging from the early Universe to dynamics of quark-gluon plasma. We present a lattice formulation of the interaction between a $shift$-symmetric field and some $U(1)$ gauge sector, $a(x)\tilde{F}_{\mu\nu}F^{\mu\nu}$, reproducing the continuum limit to order $\mathcal{O}(dx_\mu^2)$ and obeying the following properties: (i) the system is gauge invariant and (ii) shift symmetry is exact on the lattice. For this end we construct a definition of the {\it topological number density} $Q = \tilde{F}_{\mu\nu}F^{\mu\nu}$ that admits a lattice total derivative representation $Q = \Delta_\mu^+ K^\mu$, reproducing to order $\mathcal{O}(dx_\mu^2)$ the continuum expression $Q = \partial_\mu K^\mu \propto \vec E \cdot \vec B$. Read More


2017May
Affiliations: 1Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 2Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 3Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 4Physics Department, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 5Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University

Despite the fact that experimentally with a high degree of statistical significance only a single Standard Model--like Higgs boson is discovered at the LHC, extended Higgs sectors with multiple scalar fields not excluded by combined fits of the data are more preferable theoretically for internally consistent realistic models of particle physics. We analyze the inflationary scenarios which could be induced by the two-Higgs-doublet potential of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) where five scalar fields have nonminimal couplings to gravity. Observables following from such MSSM-inspired multifield inflation are calculated and a number of consistent inflationary scenarios are constructed. Read More


We show that the term maintaining conservation of the charged vector current for the transitions "neutron <-> proton" even for different masses of the neutron and proton (see T. Leitner et al., Phys. Read More