Vector-like Fermions and Higgs Effective Field Theory Revisited

Heavy vector-like quarks (VLQs) appear in many models of beyond the Standard Model physics. Direct experimental searches require these new quarks to be heavy, above 700-800 GeV. We perform a global fit of the parameters of simple VLQ models in minimal representations of $SU(2)_L$ to precision data and Higgs rates. An interesting connection between anomalous Zbb interactions and Higgs physics in VLQ models is discussed. Finally, we present our analysis in an effective field theory (EFT) framework and show that the parameters of VLQ models are already highly constrained. Exact and approximate analytical formulas for the $S$ and $T$ parameters in the VLQ models we consider are posted at https://quark.phy.bnl.gov/Digital_Data_Archive/dawson/vlq_17/ as Mathematica files.

Comments: 38 pages, 15 figures, link to repository with analytical expressions of the results obtained

Similar Publications

Large-scale extragalactic magnetic fields may induce conversions between very-high-energy photons and axion-like particles (ALPs), thereby shielding the photons from absorption on the extragalactic background light. However, in simplified "cell" models, used so far to represent extragalactic magnetic fields, this mechanism would be strongly suppressed by current astrophysical bounds. Here we consider realistic models of extragalactic magnetic fields obtained from large-scale cosmological simulations. Read More


We study the projective properties of planar zeros of tree-level scattering amplitudes in various theories. Whereas for pure scalar field theories we find that the planar zeros of the five-point amplitude do not enjoy projective invariance, coupling scalars to gauge fields gives rise to tree-level amplitudes whose planar zeros are determined by homogeneous polynomials in the stereographic coordinates labelling the direction of flight of the outgoing particles. In the case of pure gauge theories, this projective structure is generically destroyed if string corrections are taken into account. Read More


We discuss the very rare, exclusive hadronic decays of a Z boson into a meson and a photon. The QCD factorization approach allows to organize the decay amplitude as an expansion in powers of $\Lambda_{\rm QCD}/m_Z\,$, where the leading terms contain convolutions of perturbatively calculable hard functions with the leading-twist light-cone distribution amplitudes of the meson. We find that power corrections to these leading terms are negligible since they are suppressed by the small ratio $(\Lambda_{\rm QCD}/m_Z)^2\,$. Read More


Ray optics effectively fail to detect an eleven-parameter family of deviations from a metric spacetime geometry. These ray-optically invisible deviations, however, affect quantum field theoretic scattering amplitudes and bound states. To show this, we first prove renormalizability and gauge invariance of the pertinent quantum electrodynamics to any loop order. Read More


Recently, the compositeness, defined as the norm of a two-body wave function for bound and resonance states, has been investigated to discuss the internal structure of hadrons in terms of hadronic molecular components. From the studies of the compositeness, it has been clarified that the two-body wave function of a bound state can be extracted from the residue of the scattering amplitude at the bound state pole. Of special interest is that the two-body wave function from the scattering amplitude is automatically normalized. Read More


In an earlier paper we have proposed a novel method to compute the decay width for a general $1\to n$ cascade decay where the propagators are off-shell and may be of different spins. Here, we extend our algorithm to accommodate those decays that are mediated by more than one such cascades. This generalizes our prescription and widens its applicability. Read More


We investigate whether the triple-parton scattering effects can be observed in open charm production in proton-proton collisions at the LHC. We use so-called factorized Ansatz for calculations of hard multiple-parton interactions. The numerical results for each parton interaction are obtained within the $k_{T}$-factorization approach. Read More


The MoEDAL experiment at the LHC is optimised to detect highly ionising particles such as magnetic monopoles, dyons and (multiply) electrically charged stable massive particles predicted in a number of theoretical scenarios. MoEDAL, deployed in the LHCb cavern, combines passive nuclear track detectors with magnetic monopole trapping volumes (MMTs), while spallation-product backgrounds are being monitored with an array of MediPix pixel detectors. An introduction to the detector concept and its physics reach, complementary to that of the large general purpose LHC experiments ATLAS and CMS, will be given. Read More


Determining the neutrino mass hierarchy and measuring the CP-violating phase $\delta_{CP}$ are two of the main aims in neutrino physics today. The upcoming T2HK (with small matter effects and high statistics) and DUNE (with large matter effects) experiments have been shown to have excellent sensitivity to $\delta_{CP}$ and the neutrino mass hierarchy, respectively. The recent T2HKK proposal aims to improve the hierarchy sensitivity of T2HK by placing one of the two tanks of the HK detector at a site in Korea, to collect data at $\sim 1100$ km baseline. Read More


The possibility of solving the Bethe-Salpeter Equation in Minkowski space, even for fermionic systems, is becoming actual, through the applications of well-known tools: i) the Nakanishi integral representation of the Bethe-Salpeter amplitude and ii) the light-front projection onto the null-plane. The theoretical background and some preliminary calculations are illustrated, in order to show the potentiality and the wide range of application of the method. Read More