NNLO QCD corrections to jet production in deep inelastic scattering

Hadronic jets in deeply inelastic electron-proton collisions are produced by the scattering of a parton from the proton with the virtual gauge boson mediating the interaction. The HERA experiments have performed precision measurements of inclusive single jet production and di-jet production in the Breit frame, which provide important constraints on the strong coupling constant and on parton distributions in the proton. We describe the calculation of the next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO) QCD corrections to these processes, and assess their size and impact. A detailed comparison with data from the H1 and ZEUS experiments highlights that inclusive single jet production displays a better perturbative convergence than di-jet production. We also observe that the event selection cuts in some of the di-jet measurements of both H1 and ZEUS induce an infrared sensitivity that destabilises the perturbative stability of the predictions. Our results open up new opportunities for QCD precision studies with jet production observables in deep inelastic scattering.


Similar Publications

Recent LHCb results on $R_{K^*}$, the ratio of the branching fractions of $B \to K^* \mu^+ \mu^-$ to that of $B \to K^* e^+ e^-$, for the dilepton invariant mass bins $q^2 \equiv m_{\ell\ell}^2 = [0.045 - 1.1]$ GeV$^2$ and $[1. Read More


We explore the implications of the Borexino experiment's real time measurements of the lowest energy part of the neutrino spectrum from the primary pp fusion process up to 0.420 MeV through the 7^Be decay at 0.862 MeV to the pep reaction at 1. Read More


In the paper we present results for final state emissions of lepton pairs in decays of heavy intermediate states principally of Z boson, but of some importance for the W decays as well. The presented semi-analytical calculation and PHOTOS MC program are in numerical agreement to better than $5\%$ of pair effects. Suggestions for the future works are given. Read More


In 1979 Fradkin and Shenker observed \cite{Frad} that if one considers a Yang-Mills theory fully Higgsed by virtue of scalar fields in the fundamental representation of the ${\rm SU}(N)$ gauge group there is no phase transition in passing from the Higgs regime (weak coupling) to the "QCD confinement" regime at strong coupling. The above two regimes are continuously connected. We combine this observations with lessons from supersymmetric gauge theories which show that the Higgs phase is continuously connected to what is called "instead-of-confinement" phase rather than the phase with quark confinement. Read More


There has been a steady interest in flavor anomalies and their global fits as ideal probes of new physics. If the anomalies are real, one promising explanation is a new $Z'$ gauge boson with flavor-changing coupling to bottom and strange quarks and a flavor-conserving coupling to muons and, possibly, electrons. We point out that direct production of such a $Z'$, emerging from the collision of $b$ and $s$ quarks, may offer a complementary window into these phenomena because collider searches already provide competitive constraints. Read More


We investigate the possibility whether the tensions with SM expectations observed in several b -> sll transitions, including hints for lepton flavour non-universality, could be due to the decay of B into a new light resonance. We find that qualitative agreement with the data can be obtained with a light vector resonance dominantly decaying invisibly. This scenario predicts a shift in the muon anomalous magnetic moment that could explain the long-standing discrepancy. Read More


The semi-inclusive deep inelastic electron scattering off transversely polarized $^3$He, i.e. the process, $e + \vec{^3 {\rm He}} \to e' + h+X$, with $h$ a detected fast hadron, is studied beyond the plane wave impulse approximation. Read More


We investigate the evolution of the flavour composition of the cosmic neutrino background from neutrino decoupling until today. The decoherence of neutrino mass states is described by means of Lindblad operators. Decoherence goes along with the increase of neutrino family entropy, which we obtain as a function of initial spectral distortions, mixing angles and CP-violation phase. Read More


We discuss a scenario in which the $P_c(4450)^{+}$ heavy pentaquark is a $\Sigma_c \bar{D}^*$-$\Lambda_{c}(2595) \bar{D}$ molecule. The $\Lambda_{c1} \bar{D} \to \Sigma_c \bar{D}^*$ transition is mediated by the exchange of a pion almost on the mass shell that generates a long-range $1/r^2$ potential. This is analogous to the effective force that is responsible for the Efimov spectrum in three-boson systems interacting through short-range forces. Read More


We review recent progress in studies of nuclear final-state interactions in deep inelastic scattering (DIS) off the lightest nuclei tagged by a recoil nucleon. These processes hold a lot of potential for resolving the outstanding issues related to the dynamics of hadronization in QCD. Within the minimal Fock component framework, valid at large Bjorken $x$, the main features of the theoretical approach based on the virtual nucleon approximation are elaborated. Read More