Small-$x$ Asymptotics of the Quark Helicity Distribution: Analytic Results

In this Letter, we analytically solve the evolution equations for the small-$x$ asymptotic behavior of the (flavor singlet) quark helicity distribution in the large-$N_c$ limit. These evolution equations form a set of coupled integro-differential equations, which previously could only be solved numerically. This approximate numerical solution, however, revealed simplifying properties of the small-$x$ asymptotics, which we exploit here to obtain an analytic solution. We find that the small-$x$ power-law tail of the quark helicity distribution scales as $\Delta q^S (x, Q^2) \sim \left(\tfrac{1}{x} \right)^{\alpha_h}$ with $\alpha_h = \tfrac{4}{\sqrt{3}} \sqrt{\tfrac{\alpha_s N_c}{2\pi}}$, in excellent agreement with the numerical estimate $\alpha_h \approx 2.31\sqrt{\tfrac{\alpha_s N_c}{2\pi}}$ obtained previously. We then verify this solution by cross-checking the predicted scaling behavior of the auxiliary "neighbor dipole amplitude" against the numerics, again finding excellent agreement.

Comments: 5 pages, 2 figures

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