$K\to πν\overlineν$ in the MSSM in the Light of the $ε^{\prime}_K/ε_K$ Anomaly

The Standard-Model (SM) prediction for the CP-violating quantity $\epsilon_K^{\prime}/\epsilon_K$ deviates from its measured value by 2.8 $\sigma$. It has been shown that this tension can be resolved within the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) through gluino-squark box diagrams, even if squarks and gluinos are much heavier than 1 TeV. The rare decays $K_L \to \pi^0\nu\bar{\nu}$ and $K^+ \to \pi^+\nu\bar{\nu}$ are similarly sensitive to very high mass scales and the first one also measures CP violation. In this article, we analyze the correlations between $\epsilon^{\prime}_K/\epsilon_K$ and $B(K_L \to \pi^0\nu\bar{\nu})$ and $B(K^+ \to \pi^+\nu\bar{\nu})$ within the MSSM aiming at an explanation of $\epsilon_K^{\prime}/\epsilon_K$ via gluino-squark box diagrams. The dominant MSSM contribution to the $K \to \pi\nu\bar{\nu}$ branching fractions stems from box diagrams with squarks, sleptons, charginos and neutralinos and the pattern of the correlations is different from the widely studied $Z$-penguin scenarios. This is interesting in the light of future precision measurements by KOTO and NA62 at J-PARC and CERN, respectively. We find $B(K_L \to \pi^0\nu\bar{\nu})/B^{SM} (K_L \to \pi^0\nu\bar{\nu})\lesssim 2\,(1.2)$ and $B(K^+ \to \pi^+\nu\bar{\nu})/B^{SM}(K^+ \to \pi^+\nu\bar{\nu}) \lesssim 1.4\,(1.1)$, if all squark masses are above 1.5 TeV, gaugino masses obey GUT relations, and if one allows for a fine-tuning at the $1\,(10)\,\%$ level for the gluino mass and the relevant CP violating phase in the squark mass matrix. Furthermore, the sign of the MSSM contribution to $\epsilon_K^{\prime}$ imposes a strict correlation between $B(K_L \to \pi^0\nu\bar{\nu})$ and the hierarchy between the masses $m_{\bar{U}}$, $m_{\bar{D}}$ of the right-handed up-squark and down-squark: sgn$[B(K_L \to \pi^0\nu\bar{\nu})-B^{SM} (K_L \to \pi^0\nu\bar{\nu}) ] = $sgn$(m_{\bar{U}}-m_{\bar{D}}) $.

Comments: 8 pages, 5 figures

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