Kinematics of Subluminous O and B Stars by Surface Helium Abundance

The majority of hot subdwarf stars are low-mass core-helium-burning stars. Their atmospheres are generally helium deficient; however a minority have extremely helium-rich surfaces. An additional fraction have an intermediate surface-helium abundance, occasionally accompanied by peculiar abundances of other elements. We have identified a sample of 88 hot subdwarfs including 38 helium-deficient, 27 intermediate-helium and 23 extreme-helium stars for which radial-velocity and proper-motion measurements, together with distances, allow a calculation of Galactic space velocities. We have investigated the kinematics of these three groups to determine whether they belong to similar or different galactic populations. The majority of helium-deficient subdwarfs in our sample show a kinematic distribution similar to that of thick disk stars. Helium-rich sdBs show a more diverse kinematic distribution. Although the majority are probably disk stars, a minority show a much higher velocity dispersion consistent with membership of a Galactic halo population. Several of the halo subd- warfs are members of the class of "heavy-metal" subdwarfs discovered by Naslim et al. (2011, 2013).

Comments: 18 pages, 7 figures, 11 tables, Accepted for publication MNRAS

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