Time-dependent wave packet simulations of transport through Aharanov-Bohm rings with an embedded quantum dot

We have performed time-dependent wave packet simulations of realistic Aharonov-Bohm (AB) devices with a quantum dot embedded in one of the arms of the interferometer. The AB ring can function as a measurement device for the intrinsic transmission phase through the quantum dot, however, care has to be taken in analyzing the influence of scattering processes in the junctions of the interferometer arms. We consider a harmonic quantum dot and show how the Darwin-Fock spectrum emerges as a unique pattern in the interference fringes of the AB oscillations.

Comments: 15 pages, 5 figures

Similar Publications

Superconducting micro- and nanohelices are proposed for the first time. A theoretical investigation of the superconducting state in the helical coils at the micro- and nanoscale is performed within the time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau approach. The pattern and number of vortices in a stationary distribution are determined by their confinement to the ultrathin helical spiral and can therefore be efficiently controlled by the helical stripe width and the helical pitch distance for both dense and sparse helices. Read More

We calculate the plasmon dispersion relation for Coulomb coupled metallic armchair graphene nanoribbons and doped monolayer graphene. The crossing of the plasmon curves, which occurs for uncoupled 1D and 2D systems, is split by the interlayer Coulomb coupling into a lower and an upper plasmon branch. The upper branch exhibits a highly unusual behavior with endpoints at finite $q$. Read More

We study electrical transport properties in exfoliated molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) back-gated field effect transistors at low drain bias and under different illumination intensities. It is found that photoconductive and photogating effect as well as space charge limited conduction can simultaneously occur. We point out that the photoconductivity increases logarithmically with the light intensity and can persist with a decay time longer than 10^4 s, due to photo-charge trapping at the MoS2/SiO2 interface and in MoS2 defects. Read More

Topological spin textures have been recently predicted for two-subband GaAs wells in the presence of a crossed polarized spin helix [Phys. Rev. Lett 117, 226401 (2016)]. Read More

Besides having unique electronic properties, graphene is claimed to be the strongest material in nature. In the press release of the Nobel committee it is claimed that a hammock made of a squared meter of one-atom thick graphene could sustain the wight of a 4 kg cat. More practically important are applications of graphene like scaffolds and sensors which are crucially dependent on the mechanical strength. Read More

Graphene-based electromechanical resonators have attracted much interest recently because of the outstanding mechanical and electrical properties of graphene and their various applications. However, the coupling between mechanical motion and charge transport has not been explored in graphene. Here, we studied the mechanical properties of a suspended 50-nm-wide graphene nanoribbon, which also acts as a single-electron transistor (SET) at low temperature. Read More

Thermal transport properties of amorphous materials at low temperatures are governed by the interaction between phonons and localized excitations referred to as tunneling two level systems (TLS). The temperature variation of the thermal conductivity of these amorphous materials is considered as universal and is characterized by a quadratic power law. This is well described by the phenomenological TLS model even though its microscopic explanation is still elusive. Read More

We present a simplified density functional theory (DFT) method to com- pute vertical electron and hole attachment energies to frontier orbitals of molecules absorbed on insulating films supported by a metal substrate. The adsorbate and the film is treated fully within DFT, whereas the metal is treated implicitly by a perfect conductor model. As illustrated for a pentacene molecule adsorbed on NaCl films sup- ported by a Cu substrate, we find that the computed energy gap between the highest and lowest occupied molecular orbitals - HOMO and LUMO -from the vertical attach- ment energies increases with the thickness of the insulating film, in agreement with experiments. Read More

The Zeno and anti-Zeno effects are features of measurement-driven quantum evolution where frequent measurement inhibits or accelerates the decay of a quantum state. Either type of evolution can emerge depending on the system-environment interaction and measurement method. In this experiment, we use a superconducting qubit to map out both types of Zeno effect in the presence of structured noise baths and variable measurement rates. Read More

We study exciton-polariton nonlinear optical fluids in a high momentum regime for the first time. Defects in the fluid develop into dark solitons whose healing length decreases with increasing density. We deduce interaction constants for continuous wave polaritons an order of magnitude larger than with picosecond pulses. Read More