A kinetic selection principle for curl-free vector fields of unit norm

This article is devoted to the generalization of results obtained in 2002 by Jabin, Otto and Perthame. In their article they proved that planar vector fields taking value into the unit sphere of the euclidean norm and satisfying a given kinetic equation are locally Lipschitz. Here, we study the same question replacing the unit sphere of the euclidean norm by the unit sphere of \emph{any} norm. Under natural asumptions on the norm, namely smoothness and a qualitative convexity property, that is to be of power type $p$, we prove that planar vector fields taking value into the unit sphere of such a norm and satisfying a certain kinetic equation are locally $\frac{1}{p-1}$-H\"older continuous. Furthermore we completely describe the behaviour of such a vector field around singular points as a \emph{vortex} associated to the norm. As our kinetic equation implies for the vector field to be curl-free, this can be seen as a selection principle for curl-free vector fields valued in spheres of general norms which rules out line-like singularities.

Similar Publications

We consider the IBVP in exterior domains for the p-Laplacian parabolic system. We prove regularity up to the boundary, extinction properties for p \in ( 2n/(n+2) , 2n/(n+1) ) and exponential decay for p= 2n/(n+1) . Read More

The purpose of this paper is to study properties of continua (closed connected sets) of nontrivial solutions of non-cooperative elliptic systems considered on geodesic balls in $S^n$. In particular, we have shown that if the geodesic ball is a hemisphere, then these continua are unbounded. It is also shown that the phenomenon of global symmetry-breaking bifurcation of such solutions occurs. Read More

This paper introduces a new method for constructing approximate solutions to a class of Wiener--Hopf equations. This is particularly useful since exact solutions of this class of Wiener--Hopf equations, at the moment, cannot be obtained. The proposed method could be considered as a generalisation of the pole removal technique. Read More

In this article we study the existence of sign changing solution of the following p-fractional problem with concave-critical nonlinearities: \begin{eqnarray*} (-\Delta)^s_pu &=& \mu |u|^{q-1}u + |u|^{p^*_s-2}u \quad\mbox{in}\quad \Omega, u&=&0\quad\mbox{in}\quad\mathbb{R}^N\setminus\Omega, \end{eqnarray*} where $s\in(0,1)$ and $p\geq 2$ are fixed parameters, $0ps$ . Read More

This paper deals with the two-species chemotaxis-competition system $u_t = d_1 \Delta u - \chi_1 \nabla \cdot (u \nabla w) + \mu_1 u(1 - u - a_1 v)$, $v_t = d_2 \Delta v - \chi_2 \nabla \cdot (v \nabla w) + \mu_2 v(1 - a_2 u - v)$, $0 = d_3 \Delta w + \alpha u + \beta v - \gamma w$, where $\Omega$ is a bounded domain in $\mathbb{R}^n$ with smooth boundary, $n\ge 2$; $\chi_i$ and $\mu_i$ are constants satisfying some conditions. The above system was studied in the cases that $a_1,a_2\in (0,1)$ and $a_1>1>a_2$, and it was proved that global existence and asymptotic stability hold when $\frac{\chi_i}{\mu_i}$ are small. However, the conditions in the above two cases strongly depend on $a_1,a_2$, and have not been obtained in the case that $a_1,a_2\ge 1$. Read More

Collective motion of chemotactic bacteria as E. Coli relies, at the individual level, on a continuous reorientation by runs and tumbles. It has been established that the length of run is decided by a stiff response to temporal sensing of chemical cues along the pathway. Read More

We study the homogenization process for families of strongly nonlinear elliptic systems with the homogeneous Dirichlet boundary conditions. The growth and the coercivity of the elliptic operator is assumed to be indicated by a general inhomogeneous anisotropic $N-$function, which may be possibly also dependent on the spatial variable, i.e. Read More

Bohr-Sommerfeld type quantization conditions of semiclassical eigenvalues for the non-selfadjoint Zakharov-Shabat operator on the circle are derived using an exact WKB method. The conditions are given in terms of the action associated with the circle or the action associated with turning points following the absence or presence of real turning points. Read More

We consider a model for prion proliferation that includes prion polymerization, polymer splitting, and polymer joining. The model consists of an ordinary differential equation for the prion monomers and a hyperbolic nonlinear differential equation with integral terms for the prion polymers and was shown to possess global weak solutions for unbounded reaction rates [11]. Here we prove the uniqueness of weak solutions. Read More

We consider a nonlinear integro-differential equation for prion proliferation that includes prion polymerization, polymer splitting, and polymer joining. The equation can be written as a quasilinear Cauchy problem. For bounded reaction rates we prove global existence and uniqueness of classical solutions by means of evolution operator theory. Read More