XMM-Newton observation of the nearby pulsar B1133+16

We constrain the X-ray properties of the nearby $(360\,{\rm pc})$, old ($5\,{\rm Myr}$) pulsar B1133+16 with $\sim 100\,{\rm ks}$ effective exposure time by {\it XMM-Newton}. The observed pulsar flux in the 0.2-3 keV energy range is $\sim 10^{-14} \, {\rm erg \, cm}^{-2} \, {\rm s}^{-1}$, which results in the recording of $\sim 600$ source counts with the EPIC pn and MOS detectors. The X-ray radiation is dominated by nonthermal radiation and is well described by both a single power-law model (PL) and a sum of blackbody and power-law emission (BB+PL). The BB+PL model results in a spectral photon index $\Gamma=2.4^{+0.4}_{-0.3}$ and a nonthermal flux in the 0.2-3 keV energy range of $(7\pm 2) \times 10^{-15}\, {\rm erg \, cm}^{-2} \, {\rm s}^{-1}$. The thermal emission is consistent with the blackbody emission from a small hot spot with a radius of $R_{\rm pc} \approx 14^{+7}_{-5} \, {\rm m}$ and a temperature of $T_{\rm s} = 2.9^{+0.6}_{-0.4} \, {\rm MK}$. Assuming that the hot spot corresponds to the polar cap of the pulsar, we can use the magnetic flux conservation law to estimate the magnetic field at the surface $B_{\rm s} \approx 3.9 \times 10^{14} \, {\rm G}$. The observations are in good agreement with the predictions of the partially screened gap model, which assumes the existence of small-scale surface magnetic field structures in the polar cap region.

Comments: 10 pages, 8 figuers, accepted for publication in ApJ

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