Is single-particle interference spooky?

It is said about quantum interference that "In reality, it contains the only mystery". Indeed, together with non-locality it is often considered as the characteristic feature of quantum theory which can not be explained in any classical way. In this work we are concerned with a restricted setting of a single particle propagating in multi-path interferometric circuits, that is physical realisation of a qudit. It is shown that this framework, including collapse of the wave function, can be simulated with classical resources without violating the locality principle. We present a local ontological model whose predictions are indistinguishable from the quantum case. 'Non-locality' in the model appears merely as an epistemic effect arising on the level of description by agents whose knowledge is incomplete. This result suggests that the real quantum mystery should be sought in the multi-particle behaviour, since single-particle interferometric phenomena are explicable in a classical manner.

Comments: 14 pages, 2 figures

Similar Publications

We consider the dynamics of a system of free fermions on a 1D lattice in the presence of a defect moving at constant velocity. The defect has the form of a localized time-dependent variation of the chemical potential and induces at long times a non-equilibrium steady state (NESS), which spreads around the defect. We present a general formulation which allows recasting the time-dependent protocol in a scattering problem on a static potential. Read More

Physical systems with high ground state degeneracy, such as electrons in large magnetic fields [1, 2] and geometrically frustrated spins [3], provide a rich playground for exploring emergent many-body phenomena. Quantum simulations with cold atoms offer new prospects for exploring complex phases arising from frustration and interactions [4-7] through the direct engineering of these ingredients in a well-controlled environment [8, 9]. Advances in band structure engineering, through the use of sophisticated lattice potentials made from interfering lasers, have allowed for explorations of kagome [10] and Lieb [11] lattice structures that support high-degeneracy excited energy bands. Read More

We consider the effect of relativistic boosts on single particle Gaussian wave packets. The coherence of the wave function as measured by the boosted observer is studied as a function of the momentum and the boost parameter. Using various formulations of coherence it is shown that in general the coherence decays with the increase of the momentum of the state, as well as the boost applied to it. Read More

Grid states form a discrete set of mixed quantum states that can be described by graphs. We characterize the entanglement properties of these states and provide methods to evaluate entanglement criteria for grid states in a graphical way. With these ideas we find bound entangled grid states for two-particle systems of any dimension and multiparticle grid states that provide examples for the different aspects of genuine multiparticle entanglement. Read More

Robust quantum computation requires encoding delicate quantum information into degrees of freedom that are hard for the environment to change. Quantum encodings have been demonstrated in many physical systems by observing and correcting storage errors, but applications require not just storing information; we must accurately compute even with faulty operations. The theory of fault-tolerant quantum computing illuminates a way forward by providing a foundation and collection of techniques for limiting the spread of errors. Read More

Blockchain is a distributed database which is cryptographically protected against malicious modifications. While promising for a wide range of applications, current blockchain platforms rely on digital signatures, which are vulnerable to attacks by means of quantum computers. The same, albeit to a lesser extent, applies to cryptographic hash functions that are used in preparing new blocks, so parties with access to quantum computation would have unfair advantage in procuring mining rewards. Read More

The device-independent approach to physics is one where conclusions are drawn directly and solely from the observed correlations between measurement outcomes. In quantum information, this approach allows one to make strong statements about the properties of the underlying devices via the observation of Bell-inequality-violating correlations. However, since one can only perform a finite number of experimental trials, an important gap remains between the many theoretical tools developed for such purposes and the experimentally obtained raw data. Read More

We investigate entangled photon pair generation in a lossy microring resonator using an input-output formalism based on the work of Raymer and McKinstrie [1] and Alsing, et al. [2] that incorporates circulation factors that account for the multiple round trips of the fields within the cavity. We consider the nonlinear processes of spontaneous parametric down conversion and spontaneous four wave mixing, and we compute the generated biphoton signal-idler state from a single bus microring resonator, along with the generation, coincidence-to-accidental, and heralding efficiency rates. Read More

We introduce a framework for graphical security proofs in device-independent quantum cryptography using the methods of categorical quantum mechanics. We are optimistic that this approach will make some of the highly complex proofs in quantum cryptography more accessible, facilitate the discovery of new proofs, and enable automated proof verification. As an example of our framework, we reprove a recent result from device-independent quantum cryptography: any linear randomness expansion protocol can be converted into an unbounded randomness expansion protocol. Read More

Schroedinger's equation says that the Hamiltonian is the generator of time translations. This seems to imply that any reasonable definition of time operator must be conjugate to the Hamiltonian. Then both time and energy must have the same spectrum since conjugate operators are unitarily equivalent. Read More