A low-temperature external cavity diode laser for broad wavelength tuning

We report on the design and characterization of a low-temperature external cavity diode laser (ECDL) system for broad wavelength tuning. The performance achieved with multiple diode models addresses the scarcity of commercial red laser diodes below 633 nm, which is a wavelength range relevant to spectroscopy of many molecules and ions. Using a combination of multiple-stage thermoelectric cooling and water cooling, the operating temperature of a laser diode is lowered to -64{\deg}C, more than 85{\deg}C below the ambient temperature. The laser system integrates temperature and diffraction grating feedback tunability for coarse and fine wavelength adjustments, respectively. For two different diode models, single-mode operation was achieved with 38 mW output power at 616.8 nm and 69 mW at 622.6 nm, more than 15 nm below their ambient temperature free-running wavelengths. The ECDL design can be used for diodes of any available wavelength, allowing individual diodes to be tuned continuously over tens of nanometers and extending the wavelength coverage of commercial laser diodes.

Comments: 6 pages, 6 figures

Similar Publications

A Stark decelerator is an effective tool for controlling motional degrees of freedom of polar molecules. Due to technical limitations, many of the current Stark decelerators focus on molecules in low-field-seeking quantum states and are built based on a fixed electrode size and spacing (type-A architecture). Here, we present an alternative method based on a different architecture, so-called type-B, with microstructured electrodes and a simpler electric field pulse timing with the prospect of producing cold, quasi-CW molecular beams. Read More


Coherent many-body quantum dynamics lies at the heart of quantum simulation and quantum computation. Both require coherent evolution in the exponentially large Hilbert space of an interacting many-body system. To date, trapped ions have defined the state of the art in terms of achievable coherence times in interacting spin chains. Read More


We report on the observation of the motional Stark effect of highly excited $^{87}$Rb Rydberg atoms moving in the presence of a weak homogeneous magnetic field in a vapor cell. Employing electromagnetically induced transparency for spectroscopy of an atomic vapor, we observe the velocity, quantum state and magnetic field dependent transition frequencies between the ground and Rydberg excited states. For atoms with the principal quantum number $n=100$ moving at velocities around 400m/s and a magnetic field of $B=100\mathrm{G}$, we measure a motional Stark shift of $\sim10\mathrm{MHz}$. Read More


2017May

Radiofrequency multipole traps have been used for some decades in cold collision experiments, and are gaining interest for precision spectroscopy due to their low mi-cromotion contribution, and the predicted unusual cold-ion structures. However, the experimental realisation is not yet fully controlled, and open questions in the operation of these devices remain. We present experimental observations of symmetry breaking of the trapping potential in a macroscopic octupole trap with laser-cooled ions. Read More


Coherent interactions between electromagnetic and matter waves lie at the heart of quantum science and technology. However, the diffraction nature of light has limited the scalability of many atom-light based quantum systems. Here, we use the optical fields in a hollow-core photonic crystal fiber to spatially split, reflect, and recombine a coherent superposition state of free-falling 85Rb atoms to realize an inertia-sensitive atom interferometer. Read More


We report on the alteration of photon emission properties of a single trapped ion coupled to a high finesse optical fiber cavity. We show that the vacuum field of the cavity can simultaneously affect the emissions in both the infrared (IR) and ultraviolet (UV) branches of the $\Lambda-$type level system of $^{40}\mathrm{Ca}^+$ despite the cavity coupling only to the IR transition. The cavity induces strong emission in the IR transition through the Purcell effect resulting in a simultaneous suppression of the UV fluorescence. Read More


We use the sensitive response to electric fields of Rydberg atoms to characterize all three vector components of the local electric field close to an atom-chip surface. We measured Stark-Zeeman maps of $S$ and $D$ Rydberg states using an elongated cloud of ultracold Rubidium atoms ($T\sim2.5$ $\mu$K) trapped magnetically $100$ $\mu$m from the chip surface. Read More


Cooling and trapping of dilute gases, both neutral and charged, have enabled extremely precise and controlled experimentation with these systems$^{1}$. The two most widely used ion cooling methods$^{2}$ are laser cooling and sympathetic cooling by elastic collisions (ECs). Recent experiments with interacting trapped ion-atom mixtures$^{3-12}$ have extensively studied ion cooling or heating through elastic ion-atom collisions$^{4-6,9-11}$. Read More


We theoretically examine neon atoms in ultrashort and intense x rays from free electron lasers and compare our results with data from experiments conducted at the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS). For this purpose, we treat in detail the electronic structure in all possible nonrelativistic cationic configurations using a relativistic multiconfiguration approach. The interaction with the x rays is described in rate-equation approximation. Read More


Polaritons are an emerging platform for exploration of synthetic materials [1] and quantum information processing [2] that draw properties from two disparate particles: a photon and an atom. Cavity polaritons are particularly promising, as they are long-lived and their dispersion and mass are controllable through cavity geometry [3]. To date, studies of cavity polaritons have operated in the mean-field regime, using short-range interactions between their matter components [4]. Read More