Impact of defects on percolation in random sequential adsorption of linear k-mers on square lattice

The effect of defects on the percolation of linear $k$-mers (particles occupying $k$ adjacent sites) on a square lattice is studied by means of Monte Carlo simulation. The $k$-mers are deposited using a random sequential adsorption mechanism. Two models, $L_d$ and $K_d$, are analyzed. In the $L_d$ model, it is assumed that the initial square lattice is non-ideal and some fraction of sites, $d$, is occupied by non-conducting point defects (impurities). In the $K_d$ model, the initial square lattice is perfect. However, it is assumed that some fraction of the sites in the $k$-mers, $d$, consists of defects, i.e., are non-conducting. The length of the $k$-mers, $k$, varies from 2 to 256. Periodic boundary conditions are applied to the square lattice. The dependencies of the percolation threshold concentration of the conducting sites, $p_c$, vs the concentration of defects, $d$, were analyzed for different values of $k$. Above some critical concentration of defects, $d_m$, percolation is blocked in both models, even at the jamming concentration of $k$-mers. For long $k$-mers, the values of $d_m$ are well fitted by the functions $d_m \propto k_m^{-\alpha}-k^{-\alpha}$ ($\alpha = 1.28 \pm 0.01$, $k_m = 5900 \pm 500$) and $d_m \propto \log (k_m/k)$ ($k_m = 4700 \pm 1000$ ), for the $L_d$ and $K_d$ models, respectively. Thus, our estimation indicates that the percolation of $k$-mers on a square lattice is impossible even for a lattice without any defects if $k\gtrapprox 6 \times 10^3$.

Comments: Submitted to Physical Review E

Similar Publications

The existence or absence of non-analytic cusps in the Loschmidt-echo return rate is traditionally employed to distinguish between a regular dynamical phase (regular cusps) and a trivial phase (no cusps) in quantum spin chains after a global quench. However, numerical evidence in a recent study [J. C. Read More


Many methods have been experimented to study decoherence in nanostructures. Tsallis, Shannon and Gaussian entropy have been used to study decoherence separately; in this paper, we compared the results of the sus-mentioned entropies in nanostructures. The linear combination operator and the unitary transformation was used to derive the magnetopolaron spectrum that strongly interact with the LO phonons in the presence of electric field in the pseudo harmonic and delta quantum dot. Read More


Almost four decades ago, Gacs, Kurdyumov, and Levin introduced three different cellular automata to investigate whether one-dimensional nonequilibrium interacting particle systems are capable of displaying phase transitions and, as a by-product, introduced the density classification problem in the cellular automata literature. Their model II became a well known model in theoretical computer science and statistical mechanics. The other models, however, did not receive much attention. Read More


Identifying heterogeneous structures in glasses --- such as localized soft spots --- and understanding structure-dynamics relations in these systems remain major scientific challenges. Here we derive an exact expression for the local thermal energy of interacting particles in glassy systems by a systematic low-temperature expansion. We show that the local thermal energy can attain anomalously large values, inversely related to the degree of softness of localized structures in a glass, determined by a coupling between internal stresses --- an intrinsic signature of glassy frustration ---, anharmonicity and low-frequency vibrational modes. Read More


We study a noisy Kuramoto-Sivashinsky (KS) equation which describes unstable surface growth and chemical turbulence. It has been conjectured that the universal long-wavelength behavior of the equation, which is characterized by scale-dependent parameters, is described by a Kardar-Parisi-Zhang (KPZ) equation. We consider this conjecture by analyzing a renormalization-group equation for a class of generalized KPZ equations. Read More


We theoretically and experimentally investigate colloid-oil-water-interface interactions of charged, sterically stabilized, poly(methyl-methacrylate) colloidal particles dispersed in a low-polar oil (dielectric constant $\epsilon=5-10$) that is in contact with an adjacent water phase. In this model system, the colloidal particles cannot penetrate the oil-water interface due to repulsive van der Waals forces with the interface whereas the multiple salts that are dissolved in the oil are free to partition into the water phase. The sign and magnitude of the Donnan potential and/or the particle charge is affected by these salt concentrations such that the effective interaction potential can be highly tuned. Read More


We study the single site dynamics in stochastic particle systems of misanthrope type with bounded rates on a complete graph. In the limit of diverging system size we establish convergence to a Markovian non-linear birth death chain, described by a mean-field equation known also from exchange-driven growth processes. Conservation of mass in the particle system leads to conservation of the first moment for the limit dynamics, and to non-uniqueness of stationary measures. Read More


In this paper we combine two powerful computational techniques, well-tempered metadynamics and time lagged independent component analysis. The aim is to develop a new tool for studying rare events and exploring complex free energy landscapes. Metadynamics is a well-established and widely used enhanced sampling method whose efficiency depends on an appropriate choice of collective variables. Read More


In order to investigate subsystem eigenstate thermalization hypothesis (ETH) for two-dimensional large central charge conformal field theory, we evaluate the single-interval R\'enyi entropy and entanglement entropy for a heavy primary state in short interval expansion. We verify the results of R\'enyi entropy by three different replica methods. We find nontrivial results at the eighth order of short interval expansion, which include an infinite number of higher order terms in the large central charge expansion. Read More


In quantum mechanics it is often required to describe in a semiclassical approximation the motion of particles moving within a given energy band. Such a representation leads to the appearance of an analogues of fictitious forces in the semiclassical equations of motion associated with the Berry curvature. The purpose of this paper is to derive systematically the kinetic Boltzmann equations displaying these effects in the case that the band is degenerate, and as such the Berry curvature is non-Abelian. Read More