Ultra-Intense Gamma-Rays Created Using the Texas Petawatt Laser

In a series of experiments at the Texas Petawatt Laser (TPW) in Austin, TX, we have used attenuation spectrometers, dosimeters, and a new Forward Compton Electron Spectrometer (FCES) to measure and characterize the angular distribution, fluence, and energy spectrum of the X-rays and gamma rays produced by the TPW striking multi-millimeter thick gold targets. Our results represent the first such measurements at laser intensities > 10 21 W*cm-2 and pulse durations < 150 fs. We obtain a maximum yield of X-ray and gamma ray energy with respect to laser energy of 4% and a mean yield of 2%. We futher obtain a Full Width Half Maximum (FWHM) of the gamma distribution of 37{\deg}. We were able to characterize the gamma-ray spectrum from 3 MeV to 90 MeV using a Forward Compton Electron Spectrometer, with an energy resolution of 0.5 MeV and mean kT of ~ 6 MeV.. We were able to characterize the spectrum from 1 to 7 MeV using a Filter Stack Spectrometer, measuring a mean gamma-ray temperature for the spectrum from 3 to 7 MeV of 2.1 MeV.

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Authors: B. J. Mount, S. Hans, R. Rosero, M. Yeh, C. Chan, R. J. Gaitskell, D. Q. Huang, J. Makkinje, D. C. Malling, M. Pangilinan, C. A. Rhyne, W. C. Taylor, J. R. Verbus, Y. D. Kim, H. S. Lee, J. Lee, D. S. Leonard, J. Li, J. Belle, A. Cottle, W. H. Lippincott, D. J. Markley, T. J. Martin, M. Sarychev, T. E. Tope, M. Utes, R. Wang, I. Young, H. M. Araújo, A. J. Bailey, D. Bauer, D. Colling, A. Currie, S. Fayer, F. Froborg, S. Greenwood, W. G. Jones, V. Kasey, M. Khaleeq, I. Olcina, B. López Paredes, A. Richards, T. J. Sumner, A. Tomás, A. Vacheret, P. Brás, A. Lindote, M. I. Lopes, F. Neves, J. P. Rodrigues, C. Silva, V. N. Solovov, M. J. Barry, A. Cole, A. Dobi, W. R. Edwards, C. H. Faham, S. Fiorucci, N. J. Gantos, V. M. Gehman, M. G. D. Gilchriese, K. Hanzel, M. D. Hoff, K. Kamdin, K. T. Lesko, C. T. McConnell, K. O'Sullivan, K. C. Oliver-Mallory, S. J. Patton, J. S. Saba, P. Sorensen, K. J. Thomas, C. E. Tull, W. L. Waldron, M. S. Witherell, A. Bernstein, K. Kazkaz, J. Xu, D. Yu. Akimov, A. I. Bolozdynya, A. V. Khromov, A. M. Konovalov, A. V. Kumpan, V. V. Sosnovtsev, C. E. Dahl, D. Temples, M. C. Carmona-Benitez, L. de Viveiros, D. S. Akerib, H. Auyeung, T. P. Biesiadzinski, M. Breidenbach, R. Bramante, R. Conley, W. W. Craddock, A. Fan, A. Hau, C. M. Ignarra, W. Ji, H. J. Krebs, R. Linehan, C. Lee, S. Luitz, E. Mizrachi, M. E. Monzani, F. G. O'Neill, S. Pierson, M. Racine, B. N. Ratcliff, G. W. Shutt, T. A. Shutt, K. Skarpaas, K. Stifter, W. H. To, J. Va'vra, T. J. Whitis, W. J. Wisniewski, X. Bai, R. Bunker, R. Coughlen, C. Hjemfelt, R. Leonard, E. H. Miller, E. Morrison, J. Reichenbacher, R. W. Schnee, M. R. Stark, K. Sundarnath, D. R. Tiedt, M. Timalsina, P. Bauer, B. Carlson, M. Horn, M. Johnson, J. Keefner, C. Maupin, D. J. Taylor, S. Balashov, P. Ford, V. Francis, E. Holtom, A. Khazov, A. Kaboth, P. Majewski, J. A. Nikkel, J. O'Dell, R. M. Preece, M. G. D. van der Grinten, S. D. Worm, R. L. Mannino, T. M. Stiegler, P. A. Terman, R. C. Webb, C. Levy, J. Mock, M. Szydagis, J. K. Busenitz, M. Elnimr, J. Y-K. Hor, Y. Meng, A. Piepke, I. Stancu, L. Kreczko, B. Krikler, B. Penning, E. P. Bernard, R. G. Jacobsen, D. N. McKinsey, R. Watson, J. E. Cutter, S. El-Jurf, R. M. Gerhard, D. Hemer, S. Hillbrand, B. Holbrook, B. G. Lenardo, A. G. Manalaysay, J. A. Morad, S. Stephenson, J. A. Thomson, M. Tripathi, S. Uvarov, S. J. Haselschwardt, S. Kyre, C. Nehrkorn, H. N. Nelson, M. Solmaz, D. T. White, M. Cascella, J. E. Y. Dobson, C. Ghag, X. Liu, L. Manenti, L. Reichhart, S. Shaw, U. Utku, P. Beltrame, T. J. R. Davison, M. F. Marzioni, A. St. J. Murphy, A. Nilima, B. Boxer, S. Burdin, A. Greenall, S. Powell, H. J. Rose, P. Sutcliffe, J. Balajthy, T. K. Edberg, C. R. Hall, J. S. Silk, S. Hertel, C. W. Akerlof, M. Arthurs, W. Lorenzon, K. Pushkin, M. Schubnell, K. E. Boast, C. Carels, T. Fruth, H. Kraus, F. -T. Liao, J. Lin, P. R. Scovell, E. Druszkiewicz, D. Khaitan, M. Koyuncu, W. Skulski, F. L. H. Wolfs, J. Yin, E. V. Korolkova, V. A. Kudryavtsev, P. Rossiter, D. Woodward, A. A. Chiller, C. Chiller, D. -M. Mei, L. Wang, W. -Z. Wei, M. While, C. Zhang, S. K. Alsum, T. Benson, D. L. Carlsmith, J. J. Cherwinka, S. Dasu, G. Gregerson, B. Gomber, A. Pagac, K. J. Palladino, C. O. Vuosalo, Q. Xiao, J. H. Buckley, V. V. Bugaev, M. A. Olevitch, E. M. Boulton, W. T. Emmet, T. W. Hurteau, N. A. Larsen, E. K. Pease, B. P. Tennyson, L. Tvrznikova

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