Highly Efficient and Electrically Robust Carbon Irradiated SI-GaAs Based Photoconductive THz Emitters

We demonstrate here an efficient THz source with low electrical power consumption. We have increased the maximum THz radiation power emitted from SI-GaAs based photoconductive emitters by two orders of magnitude. By irradiating the SI-GaAs substrate with Carbon-ions up to 2 micron deep, we have created lot of defects and decreased the life time of photo-excited carriers inside the substrate. Depending on the irradiation dose we find 1 to 2 orders of magnitude decrease in total current flowing in the substrate, resulting in subsequent decrease of heat dissipation in the antenna. This has resulted in increasing maximum cut-off of the applied voltage across Photo-Conductive Emitter (PCE) electrodes to operate the device without thermal breakdown from ~35 V to > 150 V for the 25 micron electrode gaps. At optimum operating conditions, carbon irradiated (10^14 ions/cm^2) PCEs give THz pulses with power about 100 times higher in comparison to the usual PCEs on SI-GaAs and electrical to THz power conversion efficiency has improved by a factor of ~ 800.

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