Thermoelectric properties of $β$-FeSi$_{\text2}$

We investigate the thermoelectric properties of ${\beta}$-FeSi$_{\text2}$ using first principles electronic structure and Boltzmann transport calculations. We report a high thermopower for both \textit{p}- and \textit{n}-type ${\beta}$-FeSi$_{\text2}$ over a wide range of carrier concentration and in addition find the performance for \textit{n}-type to be higher than for the \textit{p}-type. Our results indicate that, depending upon temperature, a doping level of 3$\times10{^{20}}$ - 2$\times10{^{21}}$ cm${^{-3}}$ may optimize the thermoelectric performance.

Similar Publications

We report a comparison of the $1/T_1$ spin lattice relaxation rates (SLR) for $^9Li$ and $^8Li$ in Pt and SrTiO$_{3}$, in order to differentiate between magnetic and electric quadrupolar relaxation mechanisms. In Pt, the ratio of the $1/T_{1}$ spin relaxation rates $R_{Pt}$ was found to be 6.82(29), which is close to but less than the theoretical limit of $\sim7. Read More

We revisit the problem of local moment formation in graphene due to chemisorption of individual atomic hydrogen or other analogous sp$^3$ covalent functionalizations. We describe graphene with the single orbital Hubbard model, so that the H chemisorption is equivalent to a vacancy in the honeycomb lattice. In order to circumvent artefacts related to periodic unit cells, we use either huge simulation cells of up to $8\times10^5$ sites, or an embedding scheme that allows the modelling of a single vacancy in an otherwise pristine infinite honeycomb lattice. Read More

A novel bilayer is introduced, consisting of a stiff film adhered to a soft substrate with patterned holes beneath the film and substrate interface. To uncover the transition of surface patterns, two dimensional plane strain simulations are performed on the defected bilayer subjected to uniaxial compression. Although the substrate is considered as the linear elastic material, the presence of defects can directly trigger the formation of locally ridged and then folding configurations from flat surface with a relatively small compressive strain. Read More

We present an embedding approach for semiconductors and insulators based on or- bital rotations in the space of occupied Kohn-Sham orbitals. We have implemented our approach in the popular VASP software package. We demonstrate its power for defect structures in silicon and polaron formation in titania, two challenging cases for conventional Kohn-Sham density functional theory. Read More

Time-differential perturbed angular correlation (TDPAC) measurements have been carried out in stoichiometric ZrNi3 and HfNi3 intermetallic compounds using 181 Ta probe in the temperature range 77-1073 K considering the immense technological applications of Zr-Ni and Hf-Ni intermetal- lic compounds. In ZrNi3, four components due to the production of Zr2 Ni7, Zr8 Ni21 , Zr7 Ni10 and ZrNi3 have been found at room temperature. The HfNi3 sample produces five electric quadrupole interaction frequencies at room temperature. Read More

Borophene is a monolayer materials made of boron. A perfect planar boropehene called $\beta_{12}$ borophene has Dirac cones and they are well reproduced by a tight-binding model according to recent experimental and first-principles calculation results. We explicitly derive a Dirac theory for them. Read More

The low-frequency vibrational and low-temperature thermal properties of amorphous solids are markedly different from those of crystalline solids. This situation is counter-intuitive because any solid material is expected to behave as a homogeneous elastic body in the continuum limit, in which vibrational modes are phonons following the Debye law. A number of phenomenological explanations have been proposed, which assume elastic heterogeneities, soft localized vibrations, and so on. Read More

We present a theoretical study of the electronic transport through Pt nanocontacts. We show that the analysis of the tunnelling regime requires a very careful treatment of the technical details. For instance, an insufficient size of the system can cause unphysical charge oscillations to arise along the transport direction; moreover, the use of an inappropriate basis set can deviate the distance dependence of the conductance from the expected exponential trend. Read More

The effect of monolayers of oxygen (O) and hydrogen (H) on the possibility of material transfer at aluminum/titanium nitride (Al/TiN) and copper/diamond (Cu/C$_{\text{dia}}$) interfaces, respectively, were investigated within the framework of density functional theory (DFT). To this end the approach, contact, and subsequent separation of two atomically flat surfaces consisting of the aforementioned pairs of materials were simulated. These calculations were performed for the clean as well as oxygenated and hydrogenated Al and C$_{\text{dia}}$ surfaces, respectively. Read More

To explore the capabilities of metallic spintronic thin-film stacks as a source of intense and broadband terahertz electromagnetic fields, we excite a W/CoFeB/Pt trilayer on a large-area glass substrate (diameter of 7.5 cm) by a femtosecond laser pulse (energy 5.5 mJ, duration 40 fs, wavelength 800 nm). Read More