A Lattice Non-Perturbative Hamiltonian Construction of 1+1D Anomaly-Free Chiral Fermions and Bosons - on the equivalence of the anomaly matching condit

A non-perturbative Hamiltonian construction of chiral fermions and bosons with anomaly-free symmetry $G$ in 1+1D spacetime is proposed. More precisely, we ask "whether there is a local short-range finite quantum Hamiltonian system realizing onsite symmetry $G$ defined on a 1D spatial lattice with a continuous time, such that its low energy physics produces a 1+1D anomaly-free chiral matter theory of symmetry $G$?" Our answer is "yes." In particular, we show that the 3$_L$-5$_R$-4$_L$-0$_R$ U(1) chiral fermion theory, with two left-moving fermions of charge-3 and charge-4, and two right-moving fermions of charge-5 and charge-0 at low energy, can be put on a 1D spatial lattice where the U(1) symmetry is realized as an onsite symmetry, if we include properly-designed interactions between fermions with intermediate strength. We show how to design such proper interactions by looking for interaction terms with extra symmetries. In general, we show that any 1+1D U(1)-anomaly-free chiral matter theory can be defined as a finite system on 1D lattice with onsite symmetry, by using a quantum Hamiltonian with a continuous time, if we include properly-designed interactions between matter fields. We comment on the new ingredients and the differences of ours comparing to Eichten-Preskill and Chen-Giedt-Poppitz models, and suggest modifying Chen-Giedt-Poppitz model to have successful mirror-decoupling. As an additional remark, we show a topological non-perturbative proof on the equivalence relation between 't Hooft anomaly matching conditions and the boundary fully gapping rules of U(1) symmetry.

Comments: 39 pages, 9 figures. Sec IV and Appendix C,D,E with a proof of 't Hooft anomaly matching condition (ABJ's U(1) anomaly) = boundary fully gapping rules, Appendix B on Ginsparg-Wilson fermions as SPT edge states with a non-onsite symmetry. v3: many new updates. Special thanks to John Preskill and Erich Poppitz

Similar Publications

In this comment, we address a number of erroneous discussions and conclusions presented in the recent preprint arXiv:1703.07210. In particular, we show that lattice QCD determinations of bound states at quark masses corresponding to a pion mass of $m_\pi = 806$ MeV are robust, and that the extracted phases shifts for these systems pass all of the "sanity checks" introduced in arXiv:1703. Read More


We consider the Weyl quantum walk in 3+1 dimensions, that is a discrete-time walk describing a particle with two internal degrees of freedom moving on a Cayley graph of the group $\mathbb Z^3$, that in an appropriate regime evolves according to Weyl's equation. The Weyl quantum walk was recently derived as the unique unitary evolution on a Cayley graph of $\mathbb Z^3$ that is homogeneous and isotropic. The general solution of the quantum walk evolution is provided here in the position representation, by the analytical expression of the propagator, i. Read More


The site-reduction of U(1) lattice gauge theory along the spatial directions is used to model the monopole dynamics. The reduced theory is that of the angle-valued coordinates on the discrete worldline. Below the critical coupling $g_{c}=1. Read More


The type IIB matrix model has been investigated as a possible nonperturbative formulation of superstring theory. In particular, it was found by Monte Carlo simulation of the Lorentzian version that the 9-dimensional rotational symmetry of the spatial matrices is broken spontaneously to the 3-dimensional one after some "critical time". In this paper we develop a new simulation method based on the effective theory for the submatrices corresponding to the late time. Read More


We apply the higher order tensor renormalization group to two and three dimensional relativistic fermion systems on the lattice. In order to perform a coarse-graining of tensor networks including Grassmann variables, we introduce Grassmann higher order tensor renormalization group. We test the validity of the new algorithm by comparing its results with those of exact or previous methods. Read More


3+1 dimensional Causal Dynamical Triangulations (CDT) describe a quantum theory of fluctuating geometries without the introduction of a background geometry. If the topology of space is constrained to be that of a three-dimensional torus we show that the system will fluctuate around a dynamically formed background geometry which can be understood from a simple minisuperspace action which contains both a classical part and a quantum part. We determine this action by integrating out degrees of freedom in the full model, as well as by transfer matrix methods. Read More


We obtain the next-to-leading order correction to the spectrum of a SU(N) Yang-Mills theory in four dimensions and we show agreement well-below 1% with respect to the lattice computations for the ground state and one of the higher states. Read More


We propose a new theoretical method of "matter-antimatter coexistence (MAC) method" or "charge conjugation method" for the practical lattice QCD calculation at finite density, as a possible solution of the sign problem in finite-density QCD. For the matter system $M$ with $\mu > 0$, we also prepare in the other spatial location the anti-matter system $\bar M$ which is the charge conjugation of $M$, and aim to generate the gauge systems charge-conjugation symmetric under the exchange of $M$ and $\bar M$ in the lattice QCD framework. In this coexistence system, the total fermionic determinant is found to be real and non-negative in the Euclidean space-time, so that no sign problem appears and the practical numerical calculation can be performed in lattice QCD. Read More


We present results for the form factors of the isovector axial vector current in the nucleon state using large scale simulations of lattice QCD. The calculations were done using eight ensembles of gauge configurations generated by the MILC collaboration using the HISQ action with 2+1+1 dynamical flavors. These ensembles span three lattice spacings $a \approx 0. Read More


We present the perturbative renormalization group functions of $O(n)$-symmetric $\phi^4$ theory in $4-2\varepsilon$ dimensions to the sixth loop order in the minimal subtraction scheme. In addition, we estimate diagrams without subdivergences up to 11 loops and compare these results with the asymptotic behaviour of the beta function. Furthermore, we perform a resummation to obtain estimates for critical exponents in three and two dimensions. Read More