Improved Efficiency of Photoconductive THz Emitters by Increasing the Effective Contact Length of Electrodes

We study the effect of a surface modification at the interface between metallic electrodes and semiconducting substrate in Semi-Insulating GaAs (SI-GaAs) based photoconductive emitters (PCE) on the emission of Tera-Hertz (THz) radiation. We partially etch out 500 nm thick layer of SI-GaAs in grating like pattern with various periods before the contact deposition. By depositing the electrodes on the patterned surface, the electrodes follow the contour of the grating period. This increases the effective contact length of the electrodes per unit area of the active regions on the PCE. The maxima of the electric field amplitude of the THz pulses emitted from the patterned surface are enhanced by up to more than a factor 2 as compared to an un-patterned surface. We attribute this increase to the increase of the effective contact length of the electrode due to surface patterning.

Comments: 10 pages, 4 figures

Similar Publications

Recent experiments on Majorana fermions in semiconductor nanowires [Albrecht et al., Nat. 531, 206 (2016)] revealed a surprisingly large electronic Land\'e g-factor, several times larger than the bulk value - contrary to the expectation that confinement reduces the g-factor. Read More

Nanoscale dielectric resonators and quantum-confined semiconductors have enabled unprecedented control over light absorption and excited charges, respectively. In this work, we embed luminescent silicon nanocrystals (Si-NCs) into a 2D array of SiO2 nanocylinders, and experimentally prove a powerful concept: the resulting metamaterial preserves the radiative properties of the Si-NCs and inherits the spectrally-selective absorption properties of the nanocylinders. This hierarchical approach provides increased photoluminescence (PL) intensity obtained without utilizing any lossy plasmonic components. Read More

A small polarizable object (an atom, molecule or nanoparticle), placed above a medium with flowing dc current in it, is considered. It is shown that the dc current can have a strong effect on the force exerted on the particle. The Casimir-Lifshitz force, well studied in the absence of current, gets modified due to drifting mobile carriers in the medium. Read More

The efficient conversion of thermal energy to mechanical work by a heat engine is an ongoing technological challenge. Since the pioneering work of Carnot [1], it is known that the efficiency of heat engines is bounded by a fundamental upper limit - the Carnot limit. Advances in micro- and nano-technology however, allow for testing concepts derived from thermodynamics in limits where the underlying assumptions no longer hold [2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7]. Read More

Borophene is a monolayer materials made of boron. A perfect planar boropehene called $\beta_{12}$ borophene has Dirac cones and they are well reproduced by a tight-binding model according to recent experimental and first-principles calculation results. We explicitly derive a Dirac theory for them. Read More

We present a theoretical study of the electronic transport through Pt nanocontacts. We show that the analysis of the tunnelling regime requires a very careful treatment of the technical details. For instance, an insufficient size of the system can cause unphysical charge oscillations to arise along the transport direction; moreover, the use of an inappropriate basis set can deviate the distance dependence of the conductance from the expected exponential trend. Read More

We investigate the current cross-correlations in a double quantum dot based Cooper pair splitter coupled to one superconducting and two ferromagnetic electrodes. The analysis is performed by assuming a weak coupling between the double dot and ferromagnetic leads, while the coupling to the superconductor is arbitrary. Employing the perturbative real-time diagrammatic technique, we study the Andreev transport properties of the device, focusing on the Andreev current cross-correlations, for various parameters of the model, both in the linear and nonlinear response regimes. Read More

The Dirac equation for relativistic electron waves is the parent model for Weyl and Majorana fermions as well as topological insulators. Simulation of Dirac physics and band topology in three-dimensional time-reversal invariant photonic systems, though fundamentally important for topological photonics, encounters the challenge of synthesis of both Kramers double degeneracy and parity inversion. Here we show how type-II Dirac points-exotic Dirac relativistic waves yet to be discovered-are robustly realized through screw symmetry. Read More

We investigate current noise of lateral p-n junctions, electrostatically defined in 14 nm--wide HgTe-based quantum wells (QWs) with inverted band structure. Consistent with previous experiments on 8-10 nm QWs, the p-n junctions resistances are close to $h/2e^2$, indicating the edge states contribution to transport. Taking into account contacts heating, we find that the observed shot noise is suppressed compared to the diffusive value and is in reasonable agreement with prediction for one-dimensional edge states realized along the p-n junction. Read More

We propose and analyze a method to engineer effective interactions in an ensemble of d-level systems (qudits) driven by global control fields. In particular, we present (i) a necessary and sufficient condition under which a given interaction can be turned off (decoupled), (ii) the existence of a universal sequence that decouples any (cancellable) interaction, and (iii) an efficient algorithm to engineer a target Hamiltonian from an initial Hamiltonian (if possible). As examples, we provide a 6-pulse sequence that decouples effective spin-1 dipolar interactions and demonstrate that a spin- 1 Ising chain can be engineered to study transitions among three distinct symmetry protected topological phases. Read More