Modeling the Spectral Energy Distributions and Variability of Blazars

In this review, recent progress in theoretical models for the broadband (radio through gamma-ray) emission from blazars are summarized. The salient features of both leptonic and hadronic models are reviewed. I present sample modeling results of spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of different types of Fermi-detected blazars along the traditional blazar sequence, using both types of models. In many cases, the SEDs of high-frequency peaked blazars (HBLs) have been found to be well represented by simple synchrotron + synchrotron self-Compton (SSC) models. However, a few HBLs recently discovered as very-high-energy (VHE) gamma-ray emitters by VERITAS are actually better represented by either external-Compton or hadronic models. Often, spectral modeling with time-independent single-zone models alone is not sufficient to constrain models, as both leptonic and lepto-hadronic models are able to provide acceptable fits to the overall SED. This degeneracy can be lifted by considering further constraints from spectral variability. Recent developments of time-dependent and inhomogeneous blazar models will be discussed, including detailed numerical simulations as well as a semi-analytical approach to the time-dependent radiation signatures of shock-in-jet models.

Comments: 2012 Fermi & Jansky Proceedings - eConf C1111101

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