Intrinsic rotation with gyrokinetic models

The generation of intrinsic rotation by turbulence and neoclassical effects in tokamaks is considered. To obtain the complex dependences observed in experiments, it is necessary to have a model of the radial flux of momentum that redistributes the momentum within the tokamak in the absence of a preexisting velocity. When the lowest order gyrokinetic formulation is used, a symmetry of the model precludes this possibility, making small effects in the gyroradius over scale length expansion necessary. These effects that are usually small become important for momentum transport because the symmetry of the lowest order gyrokinetic formulation leads to the cancellation of the lowest order momentum flux. The accuracy to which the gyrokinetic equation needs to be obtained to retain all the physically relevant effects is discussed.

Similar Publications

Comprehensive non-invasive spectroscopic techniques and electrical measurements of the carbon arc revealed two distinguishable plasma synthesis regions in the radial direction normal to the arc axis. These regions, which are defined as the arc core and the arc periphery, are shown to have very different compositions of carbon species with different densities and temperatures. The colder arc periphery is dominated by carbon diatomic molecules (C2), which are in the minority in the composition of the hot arc core. Read More

The present work is a theoretical/computer simulation study aimed at investigating the dependence of the w value in air on the initial energy of the ionizing electrons. The current assumption of a constant w value underpins the accurate determination of absorbed dose in megavoltage radiotherapy. The transport of electrons in the energy range between 1 keV and 10 MeV has been studied using the EGSnrc Monte Carlo code system. Read More

We present the results of a calculation of recombination coefficients for O^{2+} + e^- using an intermediate coupling treatment that fully accounts for the dependence of the distribution of population among the ground levels of O^{2+} on electron density and temperature. The calculation is extended down to low electron temperatures where dielectronic recombination arising from Rydberg states converging on the O^{2+} ground levels is an important process. The data, which consist of emission coefficients for 8889 recombination lines and recombination coefficients for the ground and metastable states of O^+ are in Cases A, B and C, and are organised as a function of the electron temperature and number density, as well as wavelength. Read More

Optical emission spectroscopy applied to non-equilibrium plasmas in molecular gases can give important information on basic plasma parameters, including the rotational, vibrational temperatures and densities of the investigated radiative states. In order to precisely understand the non-equilibrium of rotational-vibrational state distribution from investigated spectra without limiting presumptions, a state-by- state temperature-independent fitting procedure is the ideal approach. In this paper we present a novel software tool developed for this purpose, freely available for scientific community. Read More

A fast and efficient numerical-analytical approach is proposed for description of complex behavior in non-equilibrium ensembles in the BBGKY framework. We construct the multiscale representation for hierarchy of partition functions by means of the variational approach and multiresolution decomposition. Numerical modeling shows the creation of various internal structures from fundamental localized (eigen)modes. Read More

Electron neutral collision frequency is measured using both grounded and floating hairpin resonator probes in a 27 MHz parallel plate capacitively coupled plasma (CCP). Operating conditions are 0.1-2 Torr (13. Read More

We study a complex plasma under microgravity conditions that is first stabilized with an oscillating electric field. Once the stabilization is stopped, the so-called heartbeat instability develops. We study how the kinetic energy spectrum changes during and after the onset of the instability and compare with the double cascade predicted by Kraichnan and Leith for two-dimensional turbulence. Read More

Electron injection in an evolving ellipsoid bubble for laser wakefield acceleration is investigated by 2.5D PIC (Particle-In-Cell) simulation. Generally speaking, the self-injection electrons come from the position near the transverse radius in the bubble acceleration. Read More

We theoretically explore the possibility of sausage instabilities developing on top of a kink instability in lengthening current-carrying magnetic flux tubes. Observations indicate that the dynamics of magnetic flux tubes in our cosmos and terrestrial experiments can involve topological changes faster than time scales predicted by resistive magnetohydrodynamics. Recent laboratory experiments suggest that hierarchies of instabilities, such as kink and Rayleigh-Taylor, could be responsible for initiating fast topological changes by locally accessing two fluid and kinetic regimes. Read More

Electron evaporation plays an important role in the electron temperature evolution and thus expansion rate in low-density ultracold plasmas. In addition, evaporation is useful as a potential tool for obtaining colder electron temperatures and characterizing plasma parameters. Evaporation theory has been developed for atomic gases and has been applied to a one-component plasma system. Read More