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High Energy Physics - Experiment (34)
 
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (12)
 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (10)
 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (9)
 
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Publications Authored By on behalf collaboration

Decays of the type $B\to D hh^\prime$, where a $b$~hadron decays to a neutral charm meson that can be an admixture of $D^0$ and $\overline{D}{}^0$ states together with two light particles that are typically a kaon and a pion, have demonstrated potential to enable precise determinations of the angle $\gamma$ of the CKM Unitarity Triangle. The current status and future prospects of these measurements are reviewed. Read More

Results of WIMP dark matter search from the first data of the PandaX-II experiment are presented. PandaX-II experiment uses a 500 kg scale dual phase liquid xenon time projection chamber, operating at the China JinPing Underground Laboratory. The first data correspond to a total exposure of $3. Read More

The non-perturbative nature of the strong interaction leads to spectacular phenomena, such as the formation of hadronic matter, color confinement, and the generation of the mass of visible matter. To get deeper insight into the underlying mechanisms remains one of the most challenging tasks within the field of subatomic physics. The antiProton ANnihilations at DArmstadt (PANDA) collaboration has the ambition to address key questions in this field by exploiting a cooled beam of antiprotons at the High Energy Storage Ring (HESR) at the future Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) combined with a state-of-the-art and versatile detector. Read More

The Compact Linear Collider CLIC is an option for a future multi-TeV electron-positron collider, offering the potential for a rich precision physics programme, combined with sensitivity to a wide range of new phenomena. The CLIC physics potential for measurements of the 125 GeV Higgs boson has been studied using full detector simulations for several centre-of-mass energies. The presented results provide crucial input to the energy staging strategy for the CLIC accelerator. Read More

SHIP is a new general purpose fixed target facility, proposed at the CERN SPS accelerator. In five years, $2\times 10^{20}$ protons of 400 GeV/c momentum will be dumped on a Molybdenum target. A detector downstream of the target will allow a search to made for long-lived particles with masses below O(10) GeV/c$^2$ foreseen in several extensions of the Standard Model. Read More

2016Sep
Affiliations: 1DIFA - University of Bologna, INAF-IRA Bologna, 2INAF-IRA Bologna, 3U.S. Naval Research Laboratory, 4KTH, Department of Physics, and the Oskar Klein Centre, 5INAF-IRA Bologna, 6INAF-OATo, 7INAF-OATo

The discovery by the Large Area Telescope on board Fermi of variable gamma-ray emission from radio-loud narrow-line Seyfert 1 (NLSy1) galaxies revealed the presence of a possible third class of Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN) with relativistic jets in addition to blazars and radio galaxies. Considering that NLSy1 are usually hosted in spiral galaxies, this finding poses intriguing questions about the nature of these objects and the formation of relativistic jets. We report on a systematic investigation of the gamma-ray properties of a sample of radio-loud NLSy1, including the detection of new objects, using 7 years of Fermi-LAT data with the new Pass 8 event-level analysis. Read More

LHAASO is expected to be the most sensitive project to face the open problems in Galactic cosmic ray physics through a combined study of photon- and charged particle-induced extensive air showers in the energy range 10$^{11}$ - 10$^{17}$ eV. This new generation multi-component experiment will be able of continuously surveying the gamma-ray sky for steady and transient sources from about 100 GeV to PeV energies, thus opening for the first time the 10$^2$--10$^3$ TeV range to the direct observations of the high energy cosmic ray sources. In addition, the different observables (electronic, muonic and Cherenkov components) that will be measured in LHAASO will allow the study of the origin, acceleration and propagation of the radiation through a measurement of energy spectrum, elemental composition and anisotropy with unprecedented resolution. Read More

The SoLid experiment aims to make a measurement of very short distance neutrino oscillations using reactor antineutrinos. Key to its sensitivity are the experiments high spatial and energy resolution, combined with a very suitable reactor source and efficient background rejection. The fine segmentation of the detector (cubes of side 5cm), and ability to resolve signals in space and time, gives SoLid the capability to track cosmic muons. Read More

Using high-resolution radio imaging with VLBI techniques, the TANAMI program has been observing the parsec-scale radio jets of southern (declination south of -30{\deg}) gamma-ray bright AGN simultaneously with Fermi/LAT monitoring of their gamma-ray emission. We present the radio and gamma-ray properties of the TANAMI sources based on one year of contemporaneous TANAMI and Fermi/LAT data. A large fraction (72%) of the TANAMI sample can be associated with bright gamma-ray sources for this time range. Read More

A new Beam Halo Monitor (BHM) detector system has been installed in the CMS cavern to measure the machine-induced background (MIB) from the LHC. This background originates from interactions of the LHC beam halo with the final set of collimators before the CMS experiment and from beam gas interactions. The BHM detector uses the directional nature of Cherenkov radiation and event timing to select particles coming from the direction of the beam and to suppress those originating from the interaction point. Read More

2015Oct
Affiliations: 1DIFA - University of Bologna, INAF-IRA Bologna, 2INAF-IRA Bologna, 3INAF-IRA Bologna

Compact Symmetric Objects (CSO) are considered to be the young version of Fanaroff-Riley type I and type II radio galaxies, with typical sizes smaller than 1 kpc and ages of the order of a few thousand years. Before the launch of the Fermi satellite, young radio sources were predicted to emerge as a possible new gamma-ray emitting population detectable by the Large Area Telescope (LAT). After more than 6 years of Fermi operation the question of young radio sources as gamma-ray emitting objects still remains open. Read More

We discuss W boson and lepton charge asymmetry measurements from W decays in the electron channel, which were made using 9.7 fb$^{-1}$ of RunII data collected by the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. The electron charge asymmetry is presented as a function of pseudo-rapidity out to |$\eta$| $\le$ 3. Read More

During its first four years of scientific observations, the Fermi Large Area Telescope (Fermi-LAT) detected 3033 $\gamma$-ray sources above a 4$\sigma$ significance level. Although most of the extra-Galactic sources are active galactic nuclei (AGN) of the blazar class, other families of AGNs are observed too, while a still high fraction of detections ($\sim 30\%$) remains with uncertain association or classification. According to the currently accepted interpretation, the AGN $\gamma$-ray emission arises from inverse Compton (IC) scattering of low energy photons by relativistic particles confined in a jet that, in the case of blazars, is oriented very close to our line of sight. Read More

The Forward-Backward Asymmetries in the production of $p\overline{p}\rightarrow B^\pm, \Lambda_b^0,$ and $\Lambda_s^0$ particles for rapidities |y| < 2 are measred by D0 for $p\overline{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 1.96 TeV at the Fermilab Tevatron. $A_{FB}(B^\pm)$ and $A_{FB}(\Lambda_b^0)$ are consistent with zero, while $A_{FB}(\Lambda_s^0)$ exhibits a statistically significant rise with increasing |y|. Read More

Quarkonium measurements in heavy-ion collisions play an essential role in understanding the hot, dense medium created in such collisions. As a reference, their production mechanism in p+p collisions needs to be thoroughly understood. In this paper, we report the measurement of inclusive cross section of jpsi with transverse momentum (pT) above 4 GeV/c at mid-rapidity in p+p collisions at \sqrts = 500 GeV by the STAR experiment. Read More

2015Sep
Affiliations: 1CTU-FEL, Prague, 2IEEC-CSIC, Spain, 3M. E. Tech. U., Turkey, 4CTU-FEL, Prague

Be/X-ray binary systems provide an excellent opportunity to study the physics around neutron stars through the study of the behaviour of matter around them. Intermediate and low-luminosity type outbursts are interesting because they provide relatively clean environments around neutron stars. In these conditions the physics of the magnetosphere around the neutron star can be better studied without being very disturbed by other phenomena regarding the transfer of matter between the two components of the Be/X-ray binary system. Read More

We present six-year multi-wavelength monitoring result for broad-line radio galaxy 3C 120. The source was sporadically detected by Fermi-LAT and after the MeV/GeV gamma-ray detection the 43 GHz radio core brightened and a knot ejected from an unresolved core, implying that the radio-gamma phenomena are physically connected. We show that the gamma-ray emission region is located at sub-pc distance from the central black hole, and MeV/GeV gamma-ray emission mechanism is inverse-Compton scattering of synchrotron photons. Read More

The LHCb experiment has recorded the world's largest sample of charmed meson decays. This paper presents a study of a $D^0$ meson decaying into a final state containing a neutral pion in LHCb. The search for $CP$ violation exploits a novel model-independent unbinned technique to assign a $p$-value for the no $CP$ violation hypothesis. Read More

Flat spectrum radio quasars (FSRQs) are bright active galactic nuclei surrounded by gas clouds within a UV-visible intense radiation field that form the so-called broad line region (BLR). These objects emit relativistic jets from a region close to the central supermassive black hole and through the BLR. The Fermi-Large Area Telescope (Fermi-LAT) is sensitive to gamma-ray photons from $\sim$30 MeV to more than 300 GeV. Read More

The time-dependent CP-violating observables accessible through Bs->DsK decays have been measured for the first time using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1 inverse fb collected in 2011 by the LHCb detector. Using these observables, the CKM angle gamma is determined to be (115 -43 +28) modulo 180 degrees at 68% CL, where the uncertainty contains both statistical and systematic components. Read More

In this proceeding I present the latest result by the LHCb collaboration in determining the CKM angle $\gamma$ ($(73^{+9}_{-10})^{\circ}$). The result is determined by combining several $B \to Dh$ analyses, and the latest results from the decay time dependent $B_{s} \to D_{s}K$ analysis. A few other decay channels interesting for determination of $\gamma$ in the future is also discussed. Read More

The first stage of the ATLAS Fast TracKer (FTK) is an ATCA-based input interface system, where hits from the entire silicon tracker are clustered and organized into overlapping eta-phi trigger towers before being sent to the tracking engines. First, FTK Input Mezzanine cards receive hit data and perform clustering to reduce data volume. Then, the ATCA-based Data Formatter system will organize the trigger tower data, sharing data among boards over full mesh backplanes and optic fibers. Read More

We use 2HEX smeared gauge configurations generated with an $\mathrm{N}_\mathrm{f}\mathrm{=2+1}$ clover improved Wilson action to investigate $\pi\pi$ scattering in the $\rho$ channel. The range of lattice spacings (0.054 to 0. Read More

The comparison of angular correlations between charmed mesons and charged hadrons produced in pp, p-Pb and Pb-Pb collisions can give insight into the mechanisms through which charm quarks lose energy in a QGP medium, produced in ultra-relativistic heavy-ion collisions, and can help to recognize possible modifications of their hadronization induced by the presence of the QGP. The analysis of pp and p-Pb data and the comparison with predictions from pQCD calculations, besides constituting the necessary reference for interpreting Pb-Pb data, can provide relevant information on charm production and fragmentation processes. In addition, possible differences between the results from pp and p-Pb collisions can give information on the presence of cold nuclear matter effects, affecting the charm production and hadronization in the latter collision system. Read More

A search for new physics is performed based on events with jets and a pair of isolated, same-sign leptons. The results are obtained using a sample of proton-proton collision data collected by the CMS experiment at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV at the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.5 inverse femtobarns. Read More

2014Jul
Affiliations: 1http://www.iasfbo.inaf.it/~amati/game, 2http://www.iasfbo.inaf.it/~amati/game, 3http://www.iasfbo.inaf.it/~amati/game, 4http://www.iasfbo.inaf.it/~amati/game, 5http://www.iasfbo.inaf.it/~amati/game, 6http://www.iasfbo.inaf.it/~amati/game, 7http://www.iasfbo.inaf.it/~amati/game, 8http://www.iasfbo.inaf.it/~amati/game, 9http://www.iasfbo.inaf.it/~amati/game, 10http://www.iasfbo.inaf.it/~amati/game, 11http://www.iasfbo.inaf.it/~amati/game, 12http://www.iasfbo.inaf.it/~amati/game, 13http://www.iasfbo.inaf.it/~amati/game, 14http://www.iasfbo.inaf.it/~amati/game, 15http://www.iasfbo.inaf.it/~amati/game, 16http://www.iasfbo.inaf.it/~amati/game, 17http://www.iasfbo.inaf.it/~amati/game, 18http://www.iasfbo.inaf.it/~amati/game, 19http://www.iasfbo.inaf.it/~amati/game, 20http://www.iasfbo.inaf.it/~amati/game, 21http://www.iasfbo.inaf.it/~amati/game, 22http://www.iasfbo.inaf.it/~amati/game, 23http://www.iasfbo.inaf.it/~amati/game, 24http://www.iasfbo.inaf.it/~amati/game, 25http://www.iasfbo.inaf.it/~amati/game

We describe the GRB and All-sky Monitor Experiment (GAME) mission submitted by a large international collaboration (Italy, Germany, Czech Repubblic, Slovenia, Brazil) in response to the 2012 ESA call for a small mission opportunity for a launch in 2017 and presently under further investigation for subsequent opportunities. The general scientific objective is to perform measurements of key importance for GRB science and to provide the wide astrophysical community of an advanced X-ray all-sky monitoring system. The proposed payload was based on silicon drift detectors (~1-50 keV), CdZnTe (CZT) detectors (~15-200 keV) and crystal scintillators in phoswich (NaI/CsI) configuration (~20 keV-20 MeV), three well established technologies, for a total weight of ~250 kg and a required power of ~240 W. Read More

In this lecture, the physics potential for the e+e- linear collider experiments ILC and CLIC is reviewed. The experimental conditions are compared to those at hadron colliders and their intrinsic value for precision experiments, complementary to the hadron colliders, is discussed. The detector concepts for ILC and CLIC are outlined in their most important aspects related to the precision physics. Read More

The Resistive Plate Chambers (RPCs) are employed in the CMS experiment at the LHC as dedicated trigger system both in the barrel and in the endcap. This note presents results of the radiation background measurements performed with the 2011 and 2012 proton-proton collision data collected by CMS. Emphasis is given to the measurements of the background distribution inside the RPCs. Read More

The Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope Legacy Survey (CFHTLS) represents the most powerful weak lensing survey carried out to date. The CFHTLenS (Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope Lensing Survey) team was formed in 2008 to analyse the data from the CFHTLS focussing on a rigorous treatment of systematic effects in shape measurements and photometric redshifts. Here we review the technical challenges that we faced in analysing these data and their solutions which set the current standard for weak lensing analyses. Read More

We present the results and prospects for searches beyond the Standard Model (SM) at the LHC by the ATLAS and CMS collaborations. The minimal supersymmetric extension of the SM has been investigated in various configurations and lower limits are set on the s-particle masses. The searches for other scenarios of physics beyond the SM are also presented and lower limits on the mass scale are derived in a large variety of models (new heavy gauge bosons, extra-dimensions, compositeness or dark matter). Read More

The SDHCAL technological prototype that has been completed in 2012 was exposed to beams of pions and electrons of different energies at the CERN SPS for a total time period of 5 weeks. The data has been analyzed within the CALICE collaboration. Preliminary results indicate that a highly granular hadronic calorimeter conceived for PFA application is also a powerful tool to separate pions from electrons. Read More

The COMPASS experiment at CERN delivers new results on the search for exotic mesons. A spin-exotic resonance, the $\pi_1(1600)$, was reported by several experiments in the past. Those observations are, however, still to date highly disputed in the community. Read More

The latest CMS jet measurements in p-p collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV, sensitive to small-x QCD physics, are discussed. These include inclusive forward jet and simultaneous forward-central jet production, as well as production ratios and azimuthal angle decorrelations of jets widely separated in rapidity. Read More

The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS-02) is a high energy particle detector designed to study origin and nature of cosmic rays up to a few TV from space. It was installed on the International Space Station (ISS) on May 19, 2011. During the first two years of operation AMS-02 performed precise measurements of the proton flux. Read More

We present the measurements of electrons and muons from the semi-leptonic decays of heavy-flavour hadrons measured in the central and forward rapidity regions with ALICE in pp, Pb-Pb, and p-Pb, collisions at the LHC. The pT-differential production cross section in pp collisions, the elliptic flow in Pb-Pb collisions, and the nuclear modification factor in Pb-Pb and p-Pb collisions are shown. The results are compared to theoretical predictions. Read More

The CALICE Semi-digital hadronic calorimeter built in 2011, was installed and tested during two periods of two weeks each in 2012 at CERN SPS facilities. The detector has more than 450000 channels with a semi-digital readout distributed on 48 layers with efficiency exceeding 95%. It has been run using the trigger-less and power pulsing modes. Read More

In order to study diffractive dissociation reactions, COMPASS has taken data with a 190 GeV/$c$ pion beam impinging on a liquid hydrogen target in 2008 and 2009. At squared four-momentum transfers to the target t' between 0.1 GeV$^2/c^2$ and 1. Read More

2013Dec
Affiliations: 1INAF-IRA Bologna, 2INAF-IRA Bologna, 3U.S. Naval Research Laboratory, 4KTH, Department of Physics, and the Oskar Klein Centre, 5INAF-IRA Bologna

The discovery of gamma-ray emission from 5 radio-loud narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxies revealed the presence of a possible emerging third class of AGNs with relativistic jets, in addition to blazars and radio galaxies. The existence of relativistic jets also in this subclass of Seyfert galaxies opened an unexplored research space for our knowledge of the radio-loud AGNs. Here, we discuss the radio-to-gamma-rays properties of the gamma-ray emitting narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxies, also in comparison with the blazar scenario. Read More

LHCb has collected the world's largest sample of charmed hadrons. This sample is used to search for direct and indirect CP violation in charm and to measure $D^0$ mixing parameters. Preliminary measurements from several decay modes are presented, with complementary time-dependent and time-integrated analyses. Read More

Recent results from CMS are reviewed for searches for supersymmetry in final states with multiple bottom quark jets. Results are based on the full 2012 CMS dataset consisting of 19.5 fb-1 collected at a center-of-mass energy of sqrt(s) = 8 TeV. Read More

We present searches for heavy top and bottom quark partners at CMS using data collected at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV. Such partners, if vector-like, occur in models such as the Little Higgs and Large Extra Dimensions. Fermionic top partners could also occur in composite Higgs models. Read More

The study of CP violation in $B_s^0$ oscillations is one of the key goals of the LHCb experiment. Effects are predicted to be very small in the Standard Model but can be significantly enhanced in many models of new physics. We present the world's best measurement of the CP-violating phase $\phi_s$ using $B_s^0\to J/\psi KK$ and $B_s^0\to J/\psi\pi\pi$ decays. Read More

The sensitivity for CMS searches for supersymmetry is evaluated in the context of an upgraded LHC at a center-of-mass energy of 14 TeV and an integrated luminosity of 300 fb-1. Results for several key searches for supersymmetry are presented including direct and gluino-mediated stop and sbottom production and electroweak production of supersymmetric particles. Read More

2013Sep
Affiliations: 1INAF-IRA Bologna, 2INAF-IRA Bologna, 3U.S. Naval Research Laboratory, 4KTH, Department of Physics, and the Oskar Klein Centre, 5INAF-IRA Bologna

Before the launch of the Fermi satellite only two classes of AGNs were known to produce relativistic jets and thus emit up to the gamma-ray energy range: blazars and radio galaxies, both hosted in giant elliptical galaxies. The first four years of observations by the Large Area Telescope on board Fermi confirmed that these two are the most numerous classes of identified sources in the extragalactic gamma-ray sky, but the discovery of gamma-ray emission from 5 radio-loud narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxies revealed the presence of a possible emerging third class of AGNs with relativistic jets. Considering that narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxies seem to be typically hosted in spiral galaxy, this finding poses intriguing questions about the nature of these objects, the onset of production of relativistic jets, and the cosmological evolution of radio-loud AGN. Read More

Results on CP violation searches in charm decays performed by the LHCb experiment are reviewed. These include an update of the measurement of the difference in time-integrated {\em CP} asymmetry between $D^0\to K^-K^+$ and $D^0\to \pi^-\pi^+$ using $D^0$ from prompt $D^{*+}, a measurement of the same observable using an independent sample of $D^0$ from semileptonic B decays, and CP violation searches performed on charged $D$ mesons. All results have been released since FPCP 2012. Read More

We present prospects for tests of different spin and parity hypotheses for a particle $H$ of mass 125 GeV produced in association with a vector boson and decaying into a pair of b-quarks. We use the combined analysis of the WH->lvbb, ZH->llbb, and ZH-> vvbb channels based on the full Run II dataset collected at $\sqrt s=1.96$ TeV with the \dzero\ detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. Read More

The J/{\psi} and {\Upsilon}(1S) production cross-sections are measured in proton-proton collisions using the ATLAS detector at the LHC. Differential cross-sections are measured as a function of transverse momentum and rapidity. Results are compared to QCD predictions. Read More

Several new-physics (NP) models predict the existence of low-mass Higgs states and light dark matter candidates. Previous BABAR searches have given null results for these new states and have excluded large regions of the NP models parameter space. We report on new searches on light Higgs and light dark matter at BABAR using the 516 1/fb of data collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy e+e- collider at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. Read More

CP-violation (CPV) and Time-reversal violation (TRV) are intimately related through the CPT theorem: if one of these discrete symmetries is violated the other one has to be violated in such a way to conserve CPT. Although CPV in the B0-B0 system has been established by the B-factories, implying indirectly TRV, there is still no direct evidence of TRV. We report on the observation of TRV in the B-meson system performed with a dataset of 468 million BB pairs produced in Y(4S) decays collected by the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy e+e- collider at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. Read More

The results of Higgs boson searches in the context of the Minimal Supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (MSSM) in proton-proton collisions with the ATLAS detector based on collected data corresponding to up to 36 pb-1 are presented. Searches in the channels H+->cs, H+->taunu, and H->tautau are discussed. All observations agree with the expectation of the Standard Model (SM)-only hypothesis and thus exclusion limits are derived. Read More