# Zhong Wang - Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics

## Contact Details

NameZhong Wang |
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AffiliationHarvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics |
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CityCambridge |
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CountryUnited States |
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## Pubs By Year |
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## Pub CategoriesPhysics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (21) Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (11) High Energy Physics - Theory (7) Physics - Optics (5) Astrophysics (5) Physics - Materials Science (5) Quantum Physics (4) High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (4) Physics - Statistical Mechanics (3) Physics - Superconductivity (3) Physics - Physics and Society (3) Nuclear Theory (2) Astrophysics of Galaxies (2) Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (2) Physics - Computational Physics (1) Physics - Disordered Systems and Neural Networks (1) Physics - Other (1) Mathematics - Numerical Analysis (1) Physics - Data Analysis; Statistics and Probability (1) Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (1) High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (1) Computer Science - Databases (1) Statistics - Applications (1) Mathematical Physics (1) |

## Publications Authored By Zhong Wang

Majorana zero modes are usually attributed to topological superconductors. We study a class of two-dimensional topologically trivial superconductors without chiral edge modes, which nevertheless host robust Majorana zero modes in topological defects. The construction of the specific single-band model is facilitated by the Hopf map and the Hopf invariant. Read More

Backscattering-immune chiral modes arise along certain line defect in three-dimensional materials. We study Floquet chiral modes along Floquet defects, namely, the topological defects come entirely from spatial modulations of periodic driving. We define a precise topological invariant that counts the number of Floquet chiral modes, which is expressed as an integral on a five-dimensional torus parameterized by $(k_x,k_y,k_z,\theta,t)$. Read More

Optical fiber is a ubiquitous and indispensable component in communications, sensing, biomedicine and many other lightwave technologies and applications. Here we propose topological one-way fibers to remove two fundamental mechanisms that limit fiber performance: scattering and reflection. We design three-dimensional~(3D) photonic crystal fibers, inside which photons propagate only in one direction, that are completely immune to Rayleigh and Mie scatterings and significantly suppress the nonlinear Brillouin and Raman scatterings. Read More

A fully diagonalized spectral method using generalized Laguerre functions is proposed and analyzed for solving elliptic equations on the half line. We first define the generalized Laguerre functions which are complete and mutually orthogonal with respect to an equivalent Sobolev inner product. Then the Fourier-like Sobolev orthogonal basis functions are constructed for the diagonalized Laguerre spectral method of elliptic equations. Read More

The aim of our work is to evaluate the performance of non-beacon IEEE 802.15.4 networks with acknowledgement (ACK) mode and retransmission limits in a finer time unit. Read More

Weyl semimetals and nodal line semimetals are characterized by linear band touching at zero-dimensional points and one-dimensional lines, respectively. We predict that a circularly polarized light drives nodal line semimetals into Weyl semimetals. The Floquet Weyl points thus obtained are tunable by the incident light, which enables investigations of them in a highly controllable manner. Read More

The ability to modulate an optical field via an electric field is regarded as a key function of electro-optic interconnects, which are used in optical communications and information processing systems. One of the main required devices for such interconnects is the electro-optic modulator (EOM). Current EOM based on the electro-optic effect and the electro-absorption effect often is bulky and power inefficient due to the weak electro-optic properties of its constituent materials. Read More

Classical wave fields are real-valued, ensuring the wave states at opposite frequencies and momenta to be inherently identical. Such a particle-hole symmetry can open up new possibilities for topological phenomena in classical systems. Here we show that the historically studied two-dimensional (2D) magnetoplasmon, which bears gapped bulk states and gapless one-way edge states near zero frequency, is topologically analogous to the 2D topological $p+\Ii p$ superconductor with chiral Majorana edge states and zero modes. Read More

We report the electrical transport properties for Weyl semimetal TaAs in an intense magnetic field. Series of anomalies occur in the longitudinal magnetoresistance and Hall signals at ultra-low temperatures when the Weyl electrons are confined into the lowest Landau level. These strongly temperature-dependent anomalies are ascribed to the electron-hole pairing instability. Read More

Recently, the nodal line semimetals have attracted considerable interests in condensed matter physics. We show that their distinct band structure can be detected by measuring the collective modes. In particular, we find that the dependence of the plasmon frequency $\omega_p$ on the electron density $n$ follows a $\omega_p \sim n^{1/4}$ law in the long wavelength limit. Read More

A dressed-state perturbation theory beyond the rotating waveapproxi-mation (RWA) is presented to investigate the interaction between a two level electronic transition of the polar molecules and a quantized cavity field. Analytical expressions can be explicitly derived for both the ground- and excited-state-energy spectrums and wave functions of the system, where the contribution of permanent dipole moments (PDM) and the counter-rotating wave term (CRT) can be shown separately. The validity of these explicit results is discussed by comparing with the direct numerical simulation. Read More

Although genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have proven powerful for comprehending the genetic architecture of complex traits, they are challenged by a high dimension of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) as predictors, the presence of complex environmental factors, and longitudinal or functional natures of many complex traits or diseases. To address these challenges, we propose a high-dimensional varying-coefficient model for incorporating functional aspects of phenotypic traits into GWAS to formulate a so-called functional GWAS or fGWAS. The Bayesian group lasso and the associated MCMC algorithms are developed to identify significant SNPs and estimate how they affect longitudinal traits through time-varying genetic actions. Read More

Unidirectional transports have been observed in two-dimensional systems, however, so far they have not been experimentally observed in three-dimensional bulk materials. In this theoretical work we show that the recently discovered Weyl materials provide a platform for unidirectional transports inside bulk materials. With high experimental feasibility, a complex Dirac mass can be generated and manipulated in the photonic Weyl crystals, creating unidirectionally propagating modes observable in transmission experiments. Read More

We study dynamical mass generation and the resultant helical spin orders in topological Dirac and Weyl semimetals, including the edge states of quantum spin Hall insulators, the surface states of weak topological insulators, and the bulk materials of Weyl semimetals. In particular, the helical spin textures of Weyl semimetals manifest the spin-momentum locking of Weyl fermions in a visible manner. The spin-wave fluctuations of the helical order carry electric charge density; therefore, the spin textures can be electrically controlled in a simple and predictable manner. Read More

Recently it has been shown that multicomponent spin-orbit-coupled fermions in one-dimensional optical lattices can be viewed as spinless fermions moving in two-dimensional synthetic lattices with synthetic magnetic flux. The quantum Hall edge states in these systems have been observed in recent experiments. In this paper we study the effect of an attractive Hubbard interaction. Read More

In this letter we study the Haldane model with on-site repulsive interactions at half-filling. We show that the mean-field Hamiltonian with magnetic order effectively modifies parameters in the Haldane Hamiltonian, such as sublattice energy difference and phase in next nearest hopping. As interaction increases, increasing of magnetic order corresponds to varying these parameters and consequently, drives topological transitions. Read More

We present CO $J$=2-1 observations towards 32 nearby gas-rich star-forming galaxies selected from the ALFALFA and WISE catalogs, using the Sub-millimeter Telescope. Our sample is selected to be dominated by intermediate-$M_{\rm *}$ galaxies. The scaling-relations between molecular gas, atomic gas and galactic properties (stellar mass, NUV$- r$ and WISE color W3$-$W2) are examined and discussed. Read More

We study quantum systems of interacting electrons, magnetic monopoles, and electromagnetic field. We formulate a convenient field theory, in which the electron-photon, monopole-photon, and electron-monopole interactions take simple forms. Read More

We study three-dimensional metals with nontrivial correlation functions and fractionalized excitations. We formulate for such states a gauge theory, which also naturally describes the fractional quantization of chiral anomaly. We also study fractional superconductors in this description. Read More

It has been understood that short range interactions can reduce the classification of topological superconductors in all dimensions. In this paper we demonstrate by explicit calculations that when the topological phase transition between two distinct phases in the noninteracting limit is gapped out by interaction, the bulk fermion Green's function $G(i\omega)$ at the "transition" approaches zero as $G(i\omega) \sim \omega$ at certain momentum $\vec{k}$ in the Brillouin zone. Read More

We demonstrate a dynamic surface plasmonic modulation of graphene-nanowire hybrid structures in visible light range, which was thought to be a tough task for graphene based field effect transistor modulator previously. Static modulation depth of as high as 0.07 dB/{\mu}m has been achieved experimentally. Read More

The Electronic Product Code (EPC) Network is an important part of the Internet of Things. The Physical Mark-Up Language (PML) is to represent and de-scribe data related to objects in EPC Network. The PML documents of each component to exchange data in EPC Network system are XML documents based on PML Core schema. Read More

We propose a novel scheme to realize electrically controlled quantum memories in the opto- and electro-mechanical (OEM) cavity. Combining this OEM cavity with the mechanism of Electromagnetically Induced Transparency (EIT) we find that the quantum interference, arising from the two optical transitions of the $\Lambda$ type three-level atomic ensembles, can be manipulated electrically. Numerical calculations show that the probe photon state can be well stored into the atomic spin state by sending an electric current pulse and retrieved with time-reverse symmetry by sending the other current pulse with opposite direction. Read More

We define topological invariants in terms of the ground states wave functions on a torus. This approach leads to precisely defined formulas for the Hall conductance in four dimensions and the topological magneto-electric $\theta$ term in three dimensions, and their generalizations in higher dimensions. They are valid in the presence of arbitrary many-body interaction and disorder. Read More

Solving Newtonian steady-state wind equations with accurate weak interaction rates and magnetic fields (MFs) of young neutron stars considered, we study the dynamics and nucleosynthesis of neutrino-driven winds (NDWs) from proto neutron stars (PNSs). For a typical 1.4 M$_{\odot}$ PNS model, we find the nucleosynthesis products are closely related to the luminosity of neutrinos and anti-neutrinos. Read More

We propose the concept of `topological Hamiltonian' for topological insulators and superconductors in interacting systems. The eigenvalues of topological Hamiltonian are significantly different from the physical energy spectra, but we show that topological Hamiltonian contains the information of gapless surface states, therefore it is an exact tool for topological invariants. Read More

We study dynamical instability and chiral symmetry breaking in three dimensional Weyl semimetals, which turns Weyl semimetals into "axion insulators". Charge density waves (CDW) is found to be the natural consequence of the chiral symmetry breaking. The phase mode of this charge density wave state is identified as the axion, which couples to electromagnetic field in the topological $\theta{\bf E}\cdot{\bf B}$ term. Read More

We propose several topological order parameters expressed in terms of Green's function at zero frequency for topological superconductors, which generalizes the previous work for interacting insulators. The coefficient in topological field theory is expressed in terms of zero frequency Green's function. We also study topological phase transition beyond noninteracting limit in this zero frequency Green's function approach. Read More

We propose general topological order parameters for interacting insulators in terms of the Green's function at zero frequency. They provide an unified description of various interacting topological insulators including the quantum anomalous Hall insulators and the time reversal invariant insulators in four, three and two dimensions. Since only Green's function at zero frequency is used, these topological order parameters can be evaluated efficiently by most numerical and analytical algorithms for strongly interacting systems. Read More

For interacting Z_2 topological insulators with inversion symmetry, we propose a simple topological invariant expressed in terms of the parity eigenvalues of the interacting Green's function at time-reversal invariant momenta. We derive this result from our previous formula involving the integral over the frequency-momenta space. This formula greatly simplifies the explicit calculation of Z_2 topological invariants in inversion symmetric insulators with strong interactions. Read More

We present a ~ 1" (100 pc) resolution 12CO (3-2) map of the nearby intermediate stage interacting galaxy pair NGC 4038/9 (the Antennae galaxies) obtained with the Submillimeter Array. We find that half the CO (3-2) emission originates in the overlap region where most of the tidally induced star formation had been previously found in shorter wavelength images, with the rest being centered on each of the nuclei. The gross distribution is consistent with lower resolution single dish images, but we show for the first time the detailed distribution of the warm and dense molecular gas across this galaxy pair at resolutions comparable to the size of a typical giant molecular complex. Read More

We investigate the three-dimensional, time-reversal invariant topological superconductors with generic interaction by their response to external fields. The first description is a gravitational topological field theory, which gives a $Z_2$ classification of topological superconductors, and predicts a half-quantized thermal Hall effect on the surface. The second description introduces an s-wave proximity pairing field on the surface, and the associated topological defects give an integer $Z$ classification of the topological superconductors. Read More

We propose a topological order parameter for interacting topological insulators, expressed in terms of the full Green's functions of the interacting system. We show that it is exactly quantized for a time reversal invariant topological insulator, and it can be experimentally measured through the topological magneto-electric effect. This topological order parameter can be applied to both interacting and disordered systems, and used for determining their phase diagrams. Read More

A time-reversal invariant topological insulator can be generally defined by the effective topological field theory with a quantized \theta coefficient, which can only take values of 0 or \pi. This theory is generally valid for an arbitrarily interacting system and the quantization of the \theta invariant can be directly measured experimentally. Reduced to the case of a non-interacting system, the \theta invariant can be expressed as an integral over the entire three dimensional Brillouin zone. Read More

We find an exact spin liquid state without time reversal symmetry on the kagome lattice with odd number of electrons per unit cell and explicit wave functions for all eigenstates. We also obtain that all spin-spin correlations are zero except trivial cases. We then show that there are anyonic excitations in our model. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics,

^{2}Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics,

^{3}Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics,

^{4}Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics

**Category:**Astrophysics

NGC 6240 is a rare object in the local universe: an active merger remnant viewed at the point of merging where two active galactic nuclei are visible. We present IRAC data of this object, providing high sensitivity maps of the stellar and PAH distribution in this complicated system. We use photometry to analyze the variation in these distributions with radius and provide an SED in the four IRAC bands: 3. Read More

We used the Submillimeter Array (SMA) to image 860 micron continuum and CO(3-2) line emission in the ultraluminous merging galaxy Arp 220, achieving a resolution of 0.23" (80 pc) for the continuum and 0.33" (120 pc) for the line. Read More

**Authors:**Chen Cao

^{1}, Hong Wu

^{2}, Zhong Wang

^{3}, Luis C. Ho

^{4}, Jiasheng Huang

^{5}, Zugan Deng

^{6}

**Affiliations:**

^{1}NAOC, China;,

^{2}NAOC, China;,

^{3}Harvard/CfA;,

^{4}OCIW;,

^{5}Harvard/CfA;,

^{6}College of Physical Sciences, GUCAS, China

**Category:**Astrophysics

A large position angle misalignment between the stellar bar and the distribution of dust in the late-type barred spiral NGC 3488 was discovered, using mid-infrared images from the Spitzer Space Telescope and optical images from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). The angle between the bar and dust patterns was measured to be 25+-2deg, larger than most of the misalignments found previously in barred systems based on Ha or HI/CO observations. The stellar bar is bright at optical and 3. Read More

In this letter we present ground-based subarcsecond mid-infrared imaging and spectroscopy of young super star clusters in the overlap region of the merging galaxies NGC4038/4039 (the Antennae) obtained with the VLT Imager and Spectrometer for mid-Infrared (VISIR). With its unprecedented spatial resolution VISIR begins to resolve the HII/PDR complexes around the star-forming regions for the first time. In the N-band spectra of two young star clusters unexpectedly low polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) emission is observed, compared to what is seen with the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) and with the Spitzer Space Telescope. Read More

Using the requisition papers of Chinese Nature Science Basic Research in management and information department, we construct the weighted network of research areas({\bf WRAN}) represented by the subject codes. In WRAN, two research areas are considered connected if they have been filled in at least one requisition paper. The edge weight is defined as the number of requisition papers which have filled in the same pairs of codes. Read More

Using Memory Tabu Search(MTS) algorithm, we investigate the relationship
between structural characters and synchronizability of scale-free networks by
maximizing and minimizing the ratio $Q$ of the eigenvalues of the coupling
matrix by edge-intercrossing procedures. The numerical results indicate that
clustering coefficient $C$, maximal betweenness $B_{max}$ are two most
important factors to scale-free network synchronizability, and assortative
coefficient $r$ and average distance $D$ are the secondary ones. Moreover, the
average degree $

In this paper, we propose a self-learning mutual selection model to characterize weighted evolving networks. By introducing the self-learning probability $p$ and the general mutual selection mechanism, which is controlled by the parameter $m$, the model can reproduce scale-free distributions of degree, weight and strength, as found in many real systems. The simulation results are consistent with the theoretical predictions approximately. Read More

In this paper, a simply rule that generates scale-free networks with very large clustering coefficient and very small average distance is presented. These networks are called {\bf Multistage Random Growing Networks}(MRGN) as the adding process of a new node to the network is composed of two stages. The analytic results of power-law exponent $\gamma=3$ and clustering coefficient $C=0. Read More

In this paper, a directed network model for world-wide web is presented. The out-degree of the added nodes are supposed to be scale-free and its mean value is $m$. This model exhibits small-world effect, which means the corresponding networks are of very short average distance and highly large clustering coefficient. Read More

It has been found that the networks with scale-free distribution are very resilient to random failures. The purpose of this work is to determine the network design guideline which maximize the network robustness to random failures with the average number of links per node of the network is constant. The optimal value of the distribution exponent and the minimum connectivity to different network size are given in this paper. Read More

The scale-fee networks, having connectivity distribution $P(k)\sim
k^{-\alpha}$ (where $k$ is the site connectivity), is very resilient to random
failures but fragile to intentional attack. The purpose of this paper is to
find the network design guideline which can make the robustness of the network
to both random failures and intentional attack maximum while keeping the
average connectivity $

We present observations of the CO 2-1 and 3-2 transitions toward the merging galaxies of NGC6090 with the Submillimeter Array (SMA) (The Submillimeter Array (SMA) is a joint project between the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory and the Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, and is funded by the Smithsonian Institution and the Academia Sinica.). The high resolution CO data reveal three gas concentrations. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}CIAE,

^{2}IOPP,

^{3}UCLA,

^{4}CIAE,

^{5}IOPP

**Category:**Nuclear Theory

We present simulation results of net charge fluctuation in $Au+Au$ collisions at $\sqrt{s_{nn}}$=130 GeV from a dynamic model, JPCIAE. The calculations are done for the quark-gluon phase before hadronization, the pion gas, the resonance pion gas from $\rho$ and $\omega$ decays and so on. The simulations of the charge fluctuation show that the discrepancy exists between the dynamic model and the thermal model for a pion gas and a resonance pion gas from $\rho$ and $\omega$ decays while the simulated charge fluctuation of the quark-gluon phase is close to the thermal model prediction. Read More

**Authors:**Ben-Hao Sa

^{1}, Zhong-Qi Wang

^{2}, Xu Cai

^{3}, Dai-Mei Zhou

^{4}, C. Kobdaj

^{5}, Yu-Peng Yan

^{6}

**Affiliations:**

^{1}ciae,

^{2}ciae,

^{3}Wuhan,

^{4}Wuhan,

^{5}sut, Thailand,

^{6}sut, Thailand

**Category:**Nuclear Theory

The $\phi$ meson productions in $Au+Au$ and/or $Pb+Pb$ collisions at AGS, SPS, RHIC, and LHC energies have been studied systematically with a hadron and string cascade model LUCIAE. After considering the energy dependence of the model parameter $\alpha$ in string fragmentation function and adjusting it to the experimental data of charged multiplicity to a certain extent, the model predictions for $\phi$ meson yield, rapidity, and/or transverse mass distributions are compatible with the experimental data at AGS, SPS and RHIC energies. A calculation for $Pb+Pb$ collisions at LHC energy is given as well. Read More

It has been observed recently that while continuum dilepton production and open charm production in high-energy $pA$ collisions can be described in terms of the superposition of $pp$ collisions, dilepton yields in S+U collisions are in excess of similar extrapolations. This feature can be explained as arising from the interaction of gluons produced in different soft baryon-baryon collisions, leading to additional open-charm pairs in nucleus-nucleus collisions but not in $pA$ collisions. Read More