Zhaoyang Zhang

Zhaoyang Zhang
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Zhaoyang Zhang

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Pub Categories

Computer Science - Information Theory (31)
Mathematics - Information Theory (31)
Physics - Optics (9)
Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (6)
Quantum Physics (4)
Physics - Biological Physics (1)
Quantitative Biology - Quantitative Methods (1)
Quantitative Biology - Molecular Networks (1)
Physics - Statistical Mechanics (1)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (1)
Physics - Disordered Systems and Neural Networks (1)
Physics - Data Analysis; Statistics and Probability (1)

Publications Authored By Zhaoyang Zhang

This paper considers a multipair amplify-and-forward massive MIMO relaying system with low-resolution ADCs at both the relay and destinations. The channel state information (CSI) at the relay is obtained via pilot training, which is then utilized to perform simple maximum-ratio combining/maximum-ratio transmission processing by the relay. Also, it is assumed that the destinations use statistical CSI to decode the transmitted signals. Read More

To improve national security, government agencies have long been committed to enforcing powerful surveillance measures on suspicious individuals or communications. In this paper, we consider a wireless legitimate surveillance system, where a full-duplex multi-antenna legitimate monitor aims to eavesdrop on a dubious communication link between a suspicious pair via proactive jamming. Assuming that the legitimate monitor can successfully overhear the suspicious information only when its achievable data rate is no smaller than that of the suspicious receiver, the key objective is to maximize the eavesdropping non-outage probability by joint design of the jamming power, receive and transmit beamformers at the legitimate monitor. Read More

This paper investigates the performance of a legitimate surveillance system, where a legitimate monitor aims to eavesdrop on a dubious decode-and-forward relaying communication link. In order to maximize the effective eavesdropping rate, two strategies are proposed, where the legitimate monitor adaptively acts as an eavesdropper, a jammer or a helper. In addition, the corresponding optimal jamming beamformer and jamming power are presented. Read More

We address edge states and rich localization regimes available in the one-dimensional (1D) dynamically modulated superlattices, both theoretically and numerically. In contrast to conventional lattices with straight waveguides, the quasi-energy band of infinite modulated superlattice is periodic not only in the transverse Bloch momentum, but it also changes periodically with increase of the coupling strength between waveguides. Due to collapse of quasi-energy bands dynamical superlattices admit known dynamical localization effect. Read More

This paper considers a multipair amplify-and-forward massive MIMO relaying system with one-bit ADCs and one-bit DACs at the relay. The channel state information is estimated via pilot training, and then utilized by the relay to perform simple maximum-ratio combining/maximum-ratio transmission processing. Leveraging on the Bussgang decomposition, an exact achievable rate is derived for the system with correlated quantization noise. Read More

In this paper, we consider a three-node cooperative wireless powered communication system consisting of a multi-antenna hybrid access point (H-AP) and a single-antenna relay and a single-antenna user. The energy constrained relay and user first harvest energy in the downlink and then the relay assists the user using the harvested power for information transmission in the uplink. The optimal energy beamforming vector and the time split between harvest and cooperation are investigated. Read More

This paper investigates the impact of the channel state information (CSI) and antenna correlation at the multi-antenna relay on the performance of wireless powered dual-hop amplify-and-forward relaying systems. Depending on the available CSI at the relay, two different scenarios are considered, namely, instantaneous CSI and statistical CSI where the relay has access only to the antenna correlation matrix. Adopting the power-splitting architecture, we present a detailed performance study for both cases. Read More

Narrow-band intensity-difference squeezing (IDS) beams have important applications in quantum metrology and quantum information. The best way to generate narrow-band IDS is to employ parametrically-amplified (PA) four-wave mixing (FWM) process in high-gain atomic media. Such IDS can be further enhanced by cascading multiple PA-FWM processes in separate atomic media. Read More

We establish a link between the fractional Schr\"odinger equation (FSE) and light propagation in the honeycomb lattice (HCL) - the Dirac-Weyl equation (DWE). The fractional Laplacian in FSE causes a modulation of the dispersion relation of the system, which in the limiting case becomes linear. In the HCL, the dispersion relation is already linear around the Dirac point, suggesting a possible connection with the FSE. Read More

The understanding of dynamical evolutions of interacting photon pulses in Rydberg atomic ensemble is the prerequisite for realizing quantum devices with such system. We present an approach that efficiently simulates the dynamical processes, using a set of local functions we construct to reflect the profiles of narrowband pulses. For two counter-propagating photon pulses, our approach predicts the distinct phenomena from the widely concerned Rydberg blockade to the previously less noticed significant absorption in the anomalous dispersion regime, which can occur by respectively setting the pulse frequency to the appropriate values. Read More

We study the current-driven domain wall motion in cylindrical nanowires using analytical and computational methods. An exact spatiotemporal solution of the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation including the spin transfer torque terms is reported. The solution allows an arbitrary time-dependent current density. Read More

We experimentally demonstrate the Talbot effect resulting from the repeated self-reconstruction of a spatially intensity-modulated probe field under the Fresnel near-field regime. By launching the probe beam into an optically induced atomic lattice (established by interfering two coupling fields) inside a rubidium vapor cell, we can obtain an diffracted probe beam pattern from an formed electromagnetically induced grating (EIG) in a three-level $\Lambda$-type Doppler-free atomic configuration with the assistance of electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT). The EIG-based diffraction pattern repeats itself at the planes of integer multiple Talbot lengths, which agrees well with the theoretical prediction [Appl. Read More

Rateless Multiple Access (RMA) is a novel non-orthogonal multiple access framework that is promising for massive access in Internet of Things (IoT) due to its high efficiency and low complexity. In the framework, after certain \emph{registration}, each active user respectively transmits to the access point (AP) randomly based on an assigned random access control function (RACf) until receiving an acknowledgement (ACK). In this work, by exploiting the intrinsic access pattern of each user, we propose a grant-free RMA scheme, which no longer needs the registration process as in the original RMA, thus greatly reduces the signalling overhead and system latency. Read More

We consider a two-way half-duplex relaying system where multiple pairs of single antenna users exchange information assisted by a multi-antenna relay. Taking into account the practical constraint of imperfect channel estimation, we study the achievable sum spectral efficiency of the amplify-and-forward (AF) and decode-and-forward (DF) protocols, assuming that the relay employs simple maximum ratio processing. We derive an exact closed-form expression for the sum spectral efficiency of the AF protocol and a large-scale approximation for the sum spectral efficiency of the DF protocol when the number of relay antennas, $M$, becomes sufficiently large. Read More

We investigate the coherent and incoherent nonparaxial Weber beams, theoretically and numerically. We show that the superposition of coherent self-accelerating Weber beams with transverse displacement cannot display the nonparaxial accelerating Talbot effect. The reason is that their lobes do not accelerate in unison, which is a requirement for the appearance of the effect. Read More

Many practical systems can be described by dynamic networks, for which modern technique can measure their output signals, and accumulate extremely rich data. Nevertheless, the network structures producing these data are often deeply hidden in these data. Depicting network structures by analysing the available data, i. Read More

We report two new classes of face-centered photonic square lattices with flat bands which we call the Lieb-I and the Lieb-II lattices. There are 5 and 7 sites in the corresponding unit cells of the simplest Lieb-I and Lieb-II lattices, respectively. The number of flat bands $m$ in the new Lieb lattices is related to the number of sites $N$ in the unit cell by $m=(N-1)/2$. Read More

Arikan has shown that systematic polar codes (SPC) outperform nonsystematic polar codes (NSPC). However, the performance gain comes at the price of elevated encoding complexity, i.e. Read More

In future Internet of Things (IoT) networks, the explosive growth of mobile devices compel us to reconsider the effectiveness of the current frequency-division multiple access (FDMA) schemes. Devices' differentiated mobility features and diversified scattering environments make it more complicated to characterize the multi-user interference. In this paper, we thoroughly analyze the impacts of devices' mobility on the inter-sub-carrier interference (ICI) in an IoT system based on the 3GPP narrow-band orthogonal frequency-division multiple access (NB-OFDMA) protocol, and obtain the relationship between the system sum-rate and devices' mobility. Read More

We experimentally demonstrate PT-symmetric optical lattices with periodical gain and loss profiles in a coherently-prepared four-level N-type atomic system. By appropriately tuning the pertinent atomic parameters, the onset of PT-symmetry breaking is observed through measuring an abrupt phase-shift jump between adjacent gain and loss waveguides. The experimental realization of such readily reconfigurable and effectively controllable PT-symmetric waveguide array structure sets a new stage for further exploiting and better understanding the peculiar physical properties of these non-Hermitian systems in atomic settings. Read More

We demonstrate the fractional Talbot effect of nonpraxial accelerating beams, theoretically and numerically. It is based on the interference of nonparaxial accelerating solutions of the Helmholtz equation in two dimensions. The effect originates from the interfering lobes of a superposition of the solutions that accelerate along concentric semicircular trajectories with different radii. Read More

We investigate controllable spatial modulation of circular autofocusing Airy beams, under action of different dynamic linear potentials, both theoretically and numerically. We introduce a novel treatment method in which the circular Airy beam is represented as a superposition of narrow azimuthally-modulated one-dimensional Airy beams that can be analytically treated. The dynamic linear potentials are appropriately designed, so that the autofocusing effect can either be weakened or even eliminated when the linear potential exerts a "pulling" effect on the beam, or if the linear potential exerts a "pushing" effect, the autofocusing effect can be greatly strengthened. Read More

Integrating time-frequency resource conversion (TFRC), a new network resource allocation strategy, with call admission control can not only increase the cell capacity but also reduce network congestion effectively. However, the optimal setting of TFRC-oriented call admission control suffers from the curse of dimensionality, due to Markov chain-based optimization in a high-dimensional space. To address the scalability issue of TFRC, in [1] we extend the study of TFRC into the area of scheduling. Read More

A general approach is established for deriving one-shot performance bounds for information-theoretic problems on general alphabets beyond countable alphabets. It is mainly based on the quantization idea and a novel form of "likelihood ratio". As an example, one-shot lower and upper bounds for random number generation from correlated sources on general alphabets are derived. Read More

Provisioning reliable wireless services for railway passengers is becoming an increasingly critical problem to be addressed with the fast development of high speed trains (HST). In this paper, exploiting the linear mobility inherent to the HST communication scenario, we discover a new type of spatial-temporal correlation between the base station and moving antenna array on the roof top of the train. Capitalizing on the new spatial-temporal correlation structure and properties, an improved differential space-time modulation (DSTM) scheme is proposed. Read More

In vehicular communications, traffic-related information should be spread over the network as quickly as possible to maintain a safer transportation system. This motivates us to develop more efficient information propagation schemes. In this paper, we propose a novel virtual-MIMO-enabled information dissemination scheme, in which the vehicles opportunistically form virtual antenna arrays to boost the transmission range and therefore accelerate information propagation along the highway. Read More

This paper focuses on low complexity successive cancellation list (SCL) decoding of polar codes. In particular, using the fact that splitting may be unnecessary when the reliability of decoding the unfrozen bit is sufficiently high, a novel splitting rule is proposed. Based on this rule, it is conjectured that, if the correct path survives at some stage, it tends to survive till termination without splitting with high probability. Read More

This paper investigates the achievable sum-rate of massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems in the presence of channel aging. For the uplink, by assuming that the base station (BS) deploys maximum ratio combining (MRC) or zero-forcing (ZF) receivers, we present tight closed-form lower bounds on the achievable sum-rate for both receivers with aged channel state information (CSI). In addition, the benefit of implementing channel prediction methods on the sum-rate is examined, and closed-form sum rate lower bounds are derived. Read More

This paper investigates the average throughput of a wireless powered communications system, where an energy constrained source, powered by a dedicated power beacon (PB), communicates with a destination. It is assumed that the PB is capable of performing channel estimation, digital beamforming, and spectrum sensing as a communication device. Considering a time splitting approach, the source first harvests energy from the PB equipped with multiple antennas, and then transmits information to the destination. Read More

Stopping and regenerating a pair of single-photon pulses at adjacent locations in coherently prepared Rydberg atomic ensembles are significantly affected by their effective interaction mediated by Rydberg excitations, and the similar processes can differ notably from the one exhibiting the common Rydberg blockade as with the stationary propagation of multi-photon light beams in the same medium. Based on the complete dynamics, we reveal the detailed features in such processes by finding how the profiles of the involved quantum fields evolve in various situations. The findings help to determine the proper regimes for implementing photonic gates and transistors. Read More

This paper maximizes the achievable throughput of a relay-assisted wirelessly powered communications system, where an energy constrained source, helped by an energy constrained relay and both powered by a dedicated power beacon (PB), communicates with a destination. Considering the time splitting approach, the source and relay first harvest energy from the PB, which is equipped with multiple antennas, and then transmits information to the destination. Simple closed-form expressions are derived for the optimal PB energy beamforming vector and time split for energy harvesting and information transmission. Read More

We study the coupled even number of microcavities with the balanced gain and loss between any pair of their neighboring components. The effective non-Hermitian Hamiltonian for such structure has the cyclic permutation-time symmetry with respect to the cavity modes, and this symmetry determines the patterns of the dynamical evolutions of the cavity modes. The systems also have multiple exceptional points for the degeneracy of the existing supermodes, exhibiting the "phase transition" of system dynamics across these exceptional points. Read More

In this paper, an energy harvesting dual-hop relaying system without/with the presence of co-channel interference (CCI) is investigated. Specifically, the energy constrained multi-antenna relay node is powered by either the information signal of the source or via the signal receiving from both the source and interferer. In particular, we first study the outage probability and ergodic capacity of an interference free system, and then extend the analysis to an interfering environment. Read More

This paper reviews emerging wireless information and power transfer (WIPT) technique with an emphasis on its performance enhancement employing multi-antenna techniques. Compared to traditional wireless information transmission, WIPT faces numerous challenges. First, it is more susceptible to channel fading and path loss, resulting in a much shorter power transfer distance. Read More

We consider a dual-hop full-duplex relaying system, where the energy constrained relay node is powered by radio frequency signals from the source using the time-switching architecture, both the amplify-and-forward and decode-and-forward relaying protocols are studied. Specifically, we provide an analytical characterization of the achievable throughput of three different communication modes, namely, instantaneous transmission, delay-constrained transmission, and delay tolerant transmission. In addition, the optimal time split is studied for different transmission modes. Read More

In vehicular communications, traffic-related information should be spread over the network as quickly as possible to maintain a safe and reliable transportation system. This motivates us to develop more efficient information propagation schemes. In this paper, we propose a novel cluster-based cooperative information forwarding scheme, in which the vehicles opportunistically form virtual antenna arrays to boost one-hop transmission range and therefore accelerate information propagation along the highway. Read More

In this paper, we study the problem of physical layer security in large-scale multiple input multiple output (LS-MIMO) systems. The large number of antenna elements in LS-MIMO system is exploited to enhance transmission security and improve system performance, especially when the eavesdropper is closer to the information source and has more antennas than the legitimate user. However, in practical systems, the problem becomes challenging because the eavesdropper channel state information (CSI) is usually unavailable without cooperation and the legitimate CSI may be imperfect due to channel estimation error. Read More

In this paper, we consider the problem of power control for sum rate maximization on multiple interfering links (TX-RX pairs)under sum power constraint. We consider a single frequency network, where all pairs are operating in same frequency band,thereby creating interference for each other. We study the power allocation problem for sum rate maximization with and without QoS requirements on individual links. Read More

Nowadays massive amount of data are available for analysis in natural and social systems. Inferring system structures from the data, i.e. Read More

In this paper, we analyze the ergodic capacity of a dual-hop amplify-and-forward relaying system where the relay is equipped with multiple antennas and subject to co-channel interference (CCI) and the additive white Gaussian noise. Specifically, we consider three heuristic precoding schemes, where the relay first applies the 1) maximal-ratio combining (MRC) 2) zero-forcing (ZF) 3) minimum mean-squared error (MMSE) principle to combine the signal from the source, and then steers the transformed signal towards the destination with the maximum ratio transmission (MRT) technique. For the MRC/MRT and MMSE/MRT schemes, we present new tight analytical upper and lower bounds for the ergodic capacity, while for the ZF/MRT scheme, we derive a new exact analytical ergodic capacity expression. Read More

Modeling gene regulatory networks (GRNs) is an important topic in systems biology. Although there has been much work focusing on various specific systems, the generic behavior of GRNs with continuous variables is still elusive. In particular, it is not clear typically how attractors partition among the three types of orbits: steady state, periodic and chaotic, and how the dynamical properties change with network's topological characteristics. Read More

In this paper, our recently proposed mobile-conductance based analytical framework is extended to the sparse settings, thus offering a unified tool for analyzing information spreading in mobile networks. A penalty factor is identified for information spreading in sparse networks as compared to the connected scenario, which is then intuitively interpreted and verified by simulations. With the analytical results obtained, the mobility-connectivity tradeoff is quantitatively analyzed to determine how much mobility may be exploited to make up for network connectivity deficiency. Read More

In High Speed Train Communications (HSTC), the most challenging issue is coping with the extremely fast fading channel. Compared with its static counterpart, channel estimation on the move consumes excessive energy and spectrum to achieve similar performance. To address this issue, we exploit the delay correlation inherent in the linear spatial-temporal structure of multi-antenna array, based on which the rapid fading channel may be approximated by a virtual slow-fading channel. Read More

A class of recovering algorithms for 1-bit compressive sensing (CS) named Soft Consistency Reconstructions (SCRs) are proposed. Recognizing that CS recovery is essentially an optimization problem, we endeavor to improve the characteristics of the objective function under noisy environments. With a family of re-designed consistency criteria, SCRs achieve remarkable counter-noise performance gain over the existing counterparts, thus acquiring the desired robustness in many real-world applications. Read More

A novel concept of Joint Source and Channel Sensing (JSCS) is introduced in the context of Cognitive Radio Sensor Networks (CRSN). Every sensor node has two basic tasks: application-oriented source sensing and ambient-oriented channel sensing. The former is to collect the application-specific source information and deliver it to the access point within some limit of distortion, while the latter is to find the vacant channels and provide spectrum access opportunities for the sensed source information. Read More

A novel Rateless-coding-assisted Multi-Packet Relaying (RMPR) protocol is proposed for large-size data spreading in mobile wireless networks. With this lightweight and robust protocol, the packet redundancy is reduced by a factor of $\sqrt n$, while the spreading time is reduced at least by a factor of $\ln (n)$. Closed-form bounds and explicit non-asymptotic results are presented, which are further validated through simulations. Read More

A novel Distributed Spectrum-Aware Clustering (DSAC) scheme is proposed in the context of Cognitive Radio Sensor Networks (CRSN). DSAC aims at forming energy efficient clusters in a self-organized fashion while restricting interference to Primary User (PU) systems. The spectrum-aware clustered structure is presented where the communications consist of intra-cluster aggregation and inter-cluster relaying. Read More

A novel distributed compressed wideband sensing scheme for Cognitive Radio Sensor Networks (CRSN) is proposed in this paper. Taking advantage of the distributive nature of CRSN, the proposed scheme deploys only one single narrowband sampler with ultra-low sampling rate at each nodes to accomplish the wideband spectrum sensing. First, the practical structure of the compressed sampler at each node is described in detail. Read More

In this paper, we propose a general analytical framework for information spreading in mobile networks based on a new performance metric, mobile conductance, which allows us to separate the details of mobility models from the study of mobile spreading time. We derive a general result for the information spreading time in mobile networks in terms of this new metric, and instantiate it through several popular mobility models. Large scale network simulation is conducted to verify our analysis. Read More

This paper considers a dual-hop amplify-and-forward (AF) relaying system where the relay is equipped with multiple antennas, while the source and the destination are equipped with a single antenna. Assuming that the relay is subjected to co-channel interference (CCI) and additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) while the destination is corrupted by AWGN only, we propose three heuristic relay precoding schemes to combat the CCI, namely, 1) Maximum ratio combining/maximal ratio transmission (MRC/MRT), 2) Zero-forcing/MRT (ZF/MRT), 3) Minimum mean-square error/MRT (MMSE/MRT). We derive new exact outage expressions as well as simple high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) outage approximations for all three schemes. Read More