Z. Sullivan - Illinois Institute of Technology

Z. Sullivan
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Z. Sullivan
Illinois Institute of Technology
United States

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High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (50)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (39)

Publications Authored By Z. Sullivan

Two Higgs doublet extensions of the standard model, such as supersymmetry, predict the existence of charged Higgs bosons. We explore the reach for TeV-scale charged Higgs bosons through their associated production with top quarks, and their decay to boosted top jets and $\mu_x$ tagged boosted bottom jets, at a 14 TeV CERN Large Hadron Collider and at a 100 TeV Future Circular Collider. In particular, we show the moderate $\tan\beta$ "wedge" region of parameter space cannot be probed at the Large Hadron Collider for TeV-scale $H^\pm$ because the cross section is too small. Read More

We introduce a new framework for jet definitions called p-jets that matches the computational speed of the currently used anti-k_T jet algorithm, but avoids combining much of the energy from background pileup events with signal jets. As a first illustration of the p-jet framework, we compare the effectiveness of a p-jet algorithm to the anti-k_T algorithm in reconstructing low energy jets from resonant Z boson production and 50 pileup events. Read More

I present a new scheme for tagging boosted heavy flavor jets called "$\mu_x$ tagging" and its application to TeV-scale physics beyond the Standard Model. Using muons from B hadron decay to define a particular combination "x" of angular information, and jet substructure variables, we identify a clean ($\epsilon_{\mathrm{fake}}/\epsilon_b\sim 1/100$) good efficiency ($\epsilon_b = 14\%$) tag. I demonstrate the usefulness of this new scheme by showing the reach for discovery of leptophobic $Z^\prime\to b\bar b$ and $tH^\pm\to t t b$. Read More

We present a new technique for tagging heavy-flavor jets with p_T > 500 GeV called "mu_x tagging." Current track-based methods of b-jet tagging lose efficiency and experience a large rise in fake rate in the boosted regime. Using muons from B hadron decay, we combine angular information and jet substructure to tag b jets, c jets, light jets, and "light-heavy" jets (those containing B hadrons from gluon splitting). Read More

We present a new scheme for tagging high-$p_{T}$ bottom and charm jets using energetic muons. Contemporary track-based $b$ tags lose their ability to reject light jet background as jet $p_{T}\rightarrow\mathcal{O}(\mathrm{TeV})$, where the massive boost exposes fundamental limits in tracking resolution. For our "$\mu_{x}$" tag, the signal efficiency and light jet rejection is robust versus $p_{T}$. Read More

We reexamine the dominant contribution of parton distribution function (PDF) uncertainties to the W mass measurement, and determine their contribution is +-39(30) MeV when running the Large Hadron Collider at 7(13) TeV. We find that spurious correlations in older PDF sets led to over-optimistic assumptions regarding normalization to Z observables. In order to understand the origin of the large uncertainties we break down the contribution of the PDF errors into effects at the hard matrix element level, in showering, and in sensitivity to finite detector resolutions. Read More

We examine the sources of parton distribution errors in the $W$ mass measurement, and point out shortcomings in the existing literature. Optimistic assumptions about strategies to reduce the error by normalizing to $Z$ observables are examined and found to rely too heavily on assumptions about the parametrization and degrees of freedom of the parton distribution functions (PDFs). We devise a strategy to combine measurements as efficiently as possible using error correlations to reduce the overall uncertainty of the measurement, including $Z$ data, and estimate a PDF error of $^{+10}_{-12}$ MeV is achievable in a $W$ mass measurement at the LHC. Read More

Aspects of a flavor-changing W' model with right-handed couplings are addressed in this paper in light of Tevatron and LHC data. Our fit to the Tevatron top-quark forward-backward asymmetry and the tt_bar inclusive cross section includes higher-order loop effects in the effective interaction. The higher order corrections change the best fit value of the W' effective coupling strength as a function of the W' mass. Read More

I update the predicted leading order and next-to-leading order cross sections and total widths for W^\prime bosons that decay to top and bottom quarks at 14 TeV and 33 TeV pp colliders (pp -> W^\prime -> tb). Separate tables are included for right- and left-handed bosons. Theoretical uncertainties are completely dominated by parton distribution function uncertainties, and are computed for W^\prime_+- production at a 14 TeV pp collider. Read More

We propose a novel model-independent method to search for W' bosons at the Large Hadron Collider by looking at dijets where one jet is identified as a boosted-top jet and another jet is tagged as a boosted-bottom jet. Performing a detector simulated signal and background study, we demonstrate that the reach in effective coupling g' is improved over existing analysis methods by up to factor of 2 for W' masses above 1.5 TeV, and the reach in mass is extended by 600 GeV to 2. Read More

The semileptonic decay of single-top-quark production provides a strong probe for W-prime bosons at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. We propose an explicit search strategy for pp -> W-prime -> tb -> l nu b j for use at 7 TeV and 8 TeV collider energies, and integrated luminosities ranging from 5 to 20 fb^-1. Based on detector-simulated results, we predict that a lower bound can be placed on the mass of right-handed W-prime_R with standard model-like couplings of m_{W-prime_R} > 1800 GeV at sqrt{S}=7 TeV with 5 fb^-1, and of m_{W-prime_R} > 2000 GeV at 8 TeV with 20 fb^-1. Read More

We obtain contraints on three Universal Extra Dimensional models utilizing limits from the CMS Collaboration on W' production and decay into a single-top-quark final state. We find a weak constraint on the Minimal Universal Extra Dimensions model due to small Kaluza-Klein number violating terms. In contrast, the W' search puts a strong limit on the size of the Dirac mass term of the quarks in Split Universal Extra Dimension models. Read More

Production in association with an electroweak vector boson V is a distinctive mode of production for a Higgs boson H without tree-level couplings to fermions, known as a fermiophobic Higgs boson. We focus on HV associated production with H decay into a pair of photons, and V into a pair of jets, with the goal of distinguishing a fermiophobic Higgs boson from the standard model Higgs boson. Performing a simulation of the signal and pertinent QCD backgrounds, and using the same event selection cuts employed by the LHC ATLAS Collaboration, we argue that existing LHC data at 7 TeV with 4. Read More

The top quark forward-backward asymmetry measured at the Fermilab Tevatron collider deviates from the standard model prediction. A W^prime boson model is described, where the coupling W^prime-t-d is fixed by the tt_bar forward-backward asymmetry and total cross section at the Tevatron. We show that such a W^prime boson would be produced in association with a top quark at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC), thus inducing additional tt_bar+j events. Read More

We study the Higgs boson decay to W+W-, where one boson decays to leptons, and the other decays to c+jet at Tevatron. Given the current charm tagging acceptances, this channel can help improve and confirm the current combined Tevatron exclusion limit on a standard model-like Higgs boson. If charm acceptance can be improved to at least 24%, this channel could provide the second tightest limits on a Higgs boson mass between 140-190 GeV from a single channel measurement. Read More

We demonstrate that there is no evidence of any Wjj excess or deficit within CDF data if a data-derived background estimation that includes single-top-quark production is used instead of a Monte Carlo estimate. Instead, when coupled with the CDF measurement of single-top-quark production, a more interesting anomaly exists within CDF data: namely, there are too many W+0 b-tag and W+2 b-tag events, and too few W+1 b-tag events. As we previously predicted, there is no significant evidence of any of these anomalies in the D0 data set. Read More

We demonstrate the recent observation of a peak in the dijet invariant mass of the Wjj signal observed by the CDF Collaboration can be explained as the same upward fluctuation observed by CDF in single-top-quark production. In general, both t-channel and s-channel single-top-quark production produce kinematically induced peaks in the dijet spectrum. Since CDF used a Monte Carlo simulation to subtract the single-top backgrounds instead of data, a peak in the dijet spectrum is expected. Read More

We introduce a method to discover the Higgs boson at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) through its decay to W^+W^-, where one boson decays to leptons, and the other decays to c+jet. This mechanism is complementary to the decay into dileptons, but has the potential to measure the invariant mass peak of the Higgs boson, and to avoid large recently discovered QCD backgrounds from heavy flavor decays. In addition, this mechanism motivates the study and creation of a dedicated charm jet tagger at LHC experiments. Read More

Events with isolated leptons play a prominent role in signatures of new physics phenomena at high energy collider physics facilities. In earlier publications, we examine the standard model contribution to isolated lepton production from bottom and charm mesons and baryons through their semileptonic decays (b, c -> l + X), showing that this source can overwhelm the effects of other standard model processes in some kinematic domains. In this paper, we show that we obtain good agreement with recent Tevatron collider data, both validating our simulations and showing that we underestimate the magnitude of the heavy-flavor contribution to the isolated lepton yields. Read More

The Large Hadron Collider presents an unprecedented opportunity to probe the realm of new physics in the TeV region and shed light on some of the core unresolved issues of particle physics. These include the nature of electroweak symmetry breaking, the origin of mass, the possible constituent of cold dark matter, new sources of CP violation needed to explain the baryon excess in the universe, the possible existence of extra gauge groups and extra matter, and importantly the path Nature chooses to resolve the hierarchy problem - is it supersymmetry or extra dimensions. Many models of new physics beyond the standard model contain a hidden sector which can be probed at the LHC. Read More

Events with isolated leptons and missing energy in the final state are known to be signatures of new physics phenomena at high energy collider physics facilities. Standard model (SM) sources of isolated trilepton final states include gauge boson pair production such as WZ and W gamma^{*}, and t-bar t production. Symbol gamma^* represents a virtual photon. Read More

The physics case for studying top-quark physics at the International Linear Collider is well established. This summary places in context the top-quark physics goals, examines the current state-of-the art in understanding of the top-quark mass, and identifies some areas in which the study of the top-quark mass enhances our understanding of new techniques. Read More

Events with three or more isolated leptons in the final state are known to be signatures of new physics phenomena at high energy collider physics facilities. Standard model sources of isolated trilepton final states include gauge boson pair production such as $WZ$ and $W\gamma^*$, and $t\bar{t}$ production. We demonstrate that leptons from heavy flavor decays, such as $b \to lX$ and $c \to lX$, provide sources of trileptons that can be orders-of-magnitude larger after cuts than other standard model backgrounds to new physics processes. Read More

The top quark and electroweak bosons (W and Z) represent the most massive fundamental particles yet discovered, and as such refer directly to the Standard Model's greatest remaining mystery: the mechanism by which all particles gained mass. This report summarizes the work done within the top-ew group of the Tevatron-for-LHC workshop. It represents a collection of both Tevatron results, and LHC predictions. Read More

This is the "TeV4LHC" report of the "Physics Landscapes" Working Group, focused on facilitating the start-up of physics explorations at the LHC by using the experience gained at the Tevatron. We present experimental and theoretical results that can be employed to probe various scenarios for physics beyond the Standard Model. Read More

The decay of a Higgs boson into a pair of W bosons h --> W^+W^-, is a dominant mode for Higgs boson masses above 135 GeV. At hadron colliders, searches for this decay focus on channels in which both W bosons decay leptonically into charged leptons, h --> W^+ W^- --> l^+ l^- plus missing energy. We show that semileptonic decays of heavy flavors are an important background to this signal. Read More

We investigate characteristics of the signal and backgrounds for Higgs boson decay into WW at the Fermilab Tevatron and CERN Large Hadron Collider. In the the lepton-pair-plus-missing-energy final state, we show that the background receives an important contribution from semileptonic decays of heavy flavors. Lepton isolation cuts provide too little suppression of these heavy flavor contributions, and an additional 4 to 8 orders-of-magnitude suppression must come from physics cuts. Read More

This report discusses several topics in both top quark physics and QCD at an International Linear Collider (ILC). Issues such as measurements at the $t\bar{t}$ threshold, including both theoretical and machine requirements, and the determination of electroweak top quark couplings, are reviewed. New results concerning the potential of a 500 GeV $e^+e^-$ collider for measuring $Wtb$ couplings and the top quark Yukawa coupling are presented. Read More

This report reviews the properties of Higgs bosons in the Standard Model (SM) and its various extensions. We give an extensive overview about the potential of the ILC operated at centre-of-mass energies up to 1 TeV (including the gamma gamma option) for the determination of the Higgs boson properties. This comprises the measurement of the Higgs boson mass, its couplings to SM fermions and gauge bosons, and the determination of the spin and the CP quantum numbers of the Higgs. Read More

I demonstrate that the correlated angular distributions of final-state particles in both single-top-quark production and the dominant Wjj backgrounds can be reliably predicted. Using these fully-correlated angular distributions, I propose a set of cuts that can improve the single-top-quark discovery significance by 25%, and the signal to background ratio by a factor of 3 with very little theoretical uncertainty. Up to a subtlety in t-channel single-top-quark production, leading-order matrix elements are shown to be sufficient to reproduce the next-to-leading order correlated distributions. Read More

We do not understand light. I argue that a terascale photon collider is necessary to determine the structure of the photon at 100 GeV. Uncertainties in photon parton distribution functions lead to cross section predictions that vary by a factor of 5. Read More

Authors: LHC/LC Study Group, :, G. Weiglein, T. Barklow, E. Boos, A. De Roeck, K. Desch, F. Gianotti, R. Godbole, J. F. Gunion, H. E. Haber, S. Heinemeyer, J. L. Hewett, K. Kawagoe, K. Monig, M. M. Nojiri, G. Polesello, F. Richard, S. Riemann, W. J. Stirling, A. G. Akeroyd, B. C. Allanach, D. Asner, S. Asztalos, H. Baer, M. Battaglia, U. Baur, P. Bechtle, G. Belanger, A. Belyaev, E. L. Berger, T. Binoth, G. A. Blair, S. Boogert, F. Boudjema, D. Bourilkov, W. Buchmuller, V. Bunichev, G. Cerminara, M. Chiorboli, H. Davoudiasl, S. Dawson, S. De Curtis, F. Deppisch, M. A. Diaz, M. Dittmar, A. Djouadi, D. Dominici, U. Ellwanger, J. L. Feng, I. F. Ginzburg, A. Giolo-Nicollerat, B. K. Gjelsten, S. Godfrey, D. Grellscheid, J. Gronberg, E. Gross, J. Guasch, K. Hamaguchi, T. Han, J. Hisano, W. Hollik, C. Hugonie, T. Hurth, J. Jiang, A. Juste, J. Kalinowski, W. Kilian, R. Kinnunen, S. Kraml, M. Krawczyk, A. Krokhotine, T. Krupovnickas, R. Lafaye, S. Lehti, H. E. Logan, E. Lytken, V. Martin, H. -U. Martyn, D. J. Miller, S. Moretti, F. Moortgat, G. Moortgat-Pick, M. Muhlleitner, P. Niezurawski, A. Nikitenko, L. H. Orr, P. Osland, A. F. Osorio, H. Pas, T. Plehn, W. Porod, A. Pukhov, F. Quevedo, D. Rainwater, M. Ratz, A. Redelbach, L. Reina, T. Rizzo, R. Ruckl, H. J. Schreiber, M. Schumacher, A. Sherstnev, S. Slabospitsky, J. Sola, A. Sopczak, M. Spira, M. Spiropulu, Z. Sullivan, M. Szleper, T. M. P. Tait, X. Tata, D. R. Tovey, A. Tricomi, M. Velasco, D. Wackeroth, C. E. M. Wagner, S. Weinzierl, P. Wienemann, T. Yanagida, A. F. Zarnecki, D. Zerwas, P. M. Zerwas, L. Zivkovic

Physics at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and the International e+e- Linear Collider (ILC) will be complementary in many respects, as has been demonstrated at previous generations of hadron and lepton colliders. This report addresses the possible interplay between the LHC and ILC in testing the Standard Model and in discovering and determining the origin of new physics. Mutual benefits for the physics programme at both machines can occur both at the level of a combined interpretation of Hadron Collider and Linear Collider data and at the level of combined analyses of the data, where results obtained at one machine can directly influence the way analyses are carried out at the other machine. Read More

I present an analysis of fully differential single-top-quark production plus jets at next-to-leading order. I describe the effects of jet definitions, top-quark mass, and higher orders on the shapes and normalizations of the kinematic distributions, and quantify all theoretical uncertainties. I explain how to interpret next-to-leading-order jet calculations, and compare them to showering event generators. Read More

A few changes to the routines that calculate CTEQ parton distribution functions allow modern compilers to optimize the evaluations, while having no quantitative effect on the results. Overall computation time is reduced by a factor of 4-5 in matrix-element calculations, and by 1.3-2. Read More

I recommend a few trivial changes to the routines that evaluate CTEQ parton distribution functions. These changes allow modern compilers to optimize the evaluation routines, while having no quantitative effect on the results. Computation time is reduced by a factor of 2 in matrix-element calculations, and by 1. Read More

We interpret the results of searches for strongly interacting massive particles to place absolute lower limits on R-parity-violating couplings for squarks with mass (m_\tilde{q}) below 100 GeV. Recent searches for anomalous isotopes require that there be a baryon-number-violating or lepton-number-violating coupling larger than 10^{-22} -- 10^{-21} if m_\tilde{q} > 18 GeV. Using data from searches for stable particles at the CERN Large Electron Positron collider (LEP) we demonstrate that this lower limit increases by 14 orders of magnitude, to an R-parity-violating coupling larger than 10^{-8} -- 10^{-7} for any squarks of mass less than 90 GeV. Read More

In this talk I describe how to discover or rule out the existence of W^{prime} bosons at the CERN Large Hadron Collider as a function of arbitrary couplings and W^{prime} masses. If W^{prime} bosons are not found, I demonstrate the 95% confidence-level exclusions that can be reached for several classes of models. In particular, W^{prime} bosons in the entire reasonable parameter space of Little Higgs models can be discovered or excluded in 1 year at the LHC. Read More

Higgs bosons with enhanced coupling to bottom quarks are copiously produced at hadron colliders via b\bar{b} -> h, where the initial b quarks reside in the proton sea. We revisit the calculation of the next-to-leading-order cross section for this process and argue that the appropriate factorization scale for the b distribution functions is approximately m_h/4, rather than m_h, as had been previously assumed. This greatly improves the convergence of the perturbation series, and yields a result with mild factorization-scale dependence. Read More

We present the fully differential production and decay of a W' boson, with arbitrary vector and axial-vector couplings, to any final state at next-to-leading order in QCD. We demonstrate a complete factorization of couplings at next-to-leading order in both the partial width of the W' boson, and in the full two-to-two cross section. We provide numerical predictions for the contribution of a W' boson to single-top-quark production, and separate results based on whether the mass of the right-handed neutrino (nu_R) is light enough for the leptonic decay channel to be open. Read More

We present a new next-to-leading order calculation for fully differential single-top-quark final states. The calculation is performed using phase space slicing and dipole subtraction methods. The results of the methods are found to be in agreement. Read More

Affiliations: 1Argonne, 2Argonne, 3Arizona, 4Brookhaven, 5Brookhaven, 6Brookhaven, 7Brookhaven, 8CERN, 9Colorado, 10Edinburgh, 11Fermilab, 12Fermilab, 13Fermilab, 14Fermilab, 15Florida State, 16Florida State, 17Michigan State, 18Southern Methodist, 19Southern Methodist, 20Southern Methodist, 21Stony Brook, 22Washington, Seattle

In this summary of the considerations of the QCD working group at Snowmass 2001, the roles of quantum chromodynamics in the Standard Model and in the search for new physics are reviewed, with empahsis on frontier areas in the field. We discuss the importance of, and prospects for, precision QCD in perturbative and lattice calculations. We describe new ideas in the analysis of parton distribution functions and jet structure, and review progress in small-$x$ and in polarization. Read More

We investigate the uncertainties of the heavy-quark parton distribution functions in the variable flavor number scheme. Because the charm- and bottom-quark parton distribution functions (PDFs) are constructed predominantly from the gluon PDF, it is a common practice to assume that the heavy-quark and gluon uncertainties are the same. We show that this approximation is a reasonable first guess, but it is better for bottom quarks than charm quarks. Read More

We apply a method proposed by members of CTEQ Collaboration to estimate the uncertainty in associated $W$-Higgs boson production at Run II of the Tevatron due to our imprecise knowledge of parton distribution functions. We find that the PDF uncertainties for the signal and background rates are of the order 3%. The PDF uncertainties for the important statistical quantities (significance of the Higgs boson discovery, accuracy of the measurement of the (WH) cross section) are smaller (1. Read More

In this talk, I describe a supersymmetric solution to the long-standing discrepancy between the bottom-quark production cross section and predictions of perturbative quantum chromodynamics. Pair production of light gluinos, of mass 12-16 GeV, with two-body decays into bottom quarks and bottom squarks, of mass 2-5.5 GeV, yields the correct normalizations and shapes of the measured bottom-quark distributions. Read More

A new next-to-leading order Monte Carlo program for calculation of fully differential single top quark final states is described and first results presented. Both the s- and t-channel contributions are included. Read More

We study the s-channel production of a single top squark in hadron collisions through an R-parity-violating mechanism, examining in detail the case in which the squark decays through an R-parity-conserving process into a bottom quark, a lepton, and missing energy. We show that the top squark can be discovered if its mass is less than 400 GeV, or that the current bound on the size of the R-parity-violating couplings can be reduced by up to one order of magnitude with existing data and by two orders of magnitude at the forthcoming run II of the Fermilab Tevatron. Read More

A long-standing discrepancy between the bottom-quark production cross section and predictions of perturbative quantum chromodynamics is addressed. We show that pair production of light gluinos, of mass 12 to 16 GeV, with two-body decays into bottom quarks and light bottom squarks, yields a bottom-quark production rate in agreement with hadron collider data. We examine constraints on this scenario from low-energy data and make predictions that may be tested at the next run of the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. Read More

We present an outlook for possible discovery of supersymmetry with broken R-parity at Run II of the Tevatron. We first present a review of the literature and an update of the experimental bounds. In turn we then discuss the following processes: 1. Read More